The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania on January 28, 1930 · Page 4
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January 28, 1930

The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania · Page 4

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Connellsville, Pennsylvania
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Tuesday, January 28, 1930
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PAGE FOUR, THE DAILY CO'UFUtTJl, CONNBL -.SVIJLLE, PA. TUESDAY, .'JANUARY 28, .I'.KJO. Cterat TUB COURIER CO., P. SNST3SJR, P r e s i d e n t and Editor, 1879-3810. MRS. K. M, JAM 133 J. DUISOOLl* President and General Manager. P. C. CDMUNDSON, Vicn-Proaldent. MtSS R. A. DONTEGAN. Secretary and Treasurei. JOHN I'. OAJJS, M a n a g i n g Editor. WAITER 8. STIJIMKU City Editor. MISS Society Kdltor. MK4IBKK OF American Nowspapor Publishers Ansoolatlon, A u d i t Bureau of Circulation. Pennsylvania Newspaper FubJUhern A.'isoelatlon. TWO cents rer copy; 50c per month; 55.00 per year by mall If paid In ad- vancp, 12c per week by carrier. Entered an socond class maUcr at thtt postoftico, Ccinuijllsvllla, StfAY EVENING, 3A. 28, 1036. ( ' A N A M / A T I O X OF THK TOUGH AS V I K W K D BY TH'RIGHBOHS. Tlio broad-gauged ylowa o f . ICditor Sliean of Hi? Union town Morning llorsild respiting Improvements in a n y t w l i o n of Payette county, pormlt liiin to look with favor tipou the proposed cumulation of the Yougu, an a county, not · local problem. "What helps Connolisvilto," ho concludes Ms interesting odttortal comnw»nt on tho subject, "will, In direct ratio, help every other section; just as w h a t lielps other sections will, in ratio, help CouncilsvilU?." His observations follow In f u l l text: "Canalization of the Yougliloghony river IK an important Western Peun- s y l v a n l u project worthy of federal action. It properly J i n k s hi to the com- prcheiiMvo system of inland waterways slronjtly urged by President Hoover. It !s f a r from a minor tentacle of the- great MlsBlssip.pl flood control consideration. "As Mirh tlit'ii it ia no more a Con- netlsville project t h a n n Unlontown or jVIeKoeeporl project. Its canalisation would roloaso a trem-ondous wealth of imtural re.sonices of which coal la only one. It would offer great possibilities for hydro-electric power development through an arrangement between power companies and tho Rov-cmincnt, similar to that proposed uow along t h e Allegheny river. 'Those t h i n g s occur moro or leas superficially as emphatic of the- £act t h a t Uniontown should be very mucJi Jntprotitrd in (lie canalization project. l',m'!HluU ally, Unkmtown and the tout .nn section of the county general I sofima to regard it an a Ton- iii-llsUHo !ro;ect and are willing to ·slt by and let t h f » Yough capital fight its battles sliuleliamleU. 1 I t probably w i l l bo necessary to take eiich a project piece-meal. Jt hhould not. be. Its greatest value lies In carrying it t h r o u g h to ultimate completion a.s ranidly os possible. U u t it is p e r t i n e n t to recognize there are other federal projects of immediate {·on«»rn and i n l l u r n c e In wheedling out Klices of t h e ft'dorsil funds. It will 1)6 arcucd t h a t the principal resource is coal anil present chaotic, conditions in the cual i n d u s t r y with Its over- p r o d u c t i o n n r r being given c o n v i n c i n g presentation l y opponents. "Thu« necv-iily for rlporous a n d coordinated a t t . K - k . P e n n s y H a n i n ' i C'on- grt'riKjiotial delegation is showing a healthy una.nl nity of interest in the ciiualizaHon. P.ut it needs strong KUP- port to maki' such influence effective in t h e national seranrblo for waterways development. "Major FJUifco, secretary, and hts coworkers in tho newly organized Conn v U w v i l l o Chamber of Commerce, are e n t i t l e d to heartiest c o m m e n d a t i o n for t h e effective vork now being carried on. Their act'vities m e r i t cooperation on t h o -part oi' other acclions of Fayette c o u n t s . They know best how that foi'MK'ratlou niight foi c f f e c t h e l y ex- toiifled. "Hotitliorn J'ayetto tounly a p p r e - ciates f r o m l u n g cxiwrlenco and great, benefits \Uuil river transportation means \ V i t h i t i the past three years i' has seen tho government spend vast MUDS hi new locks ami dame on the Momnr-cuhola r h e r and the develop- m e n t of g r e a t acreages of coal ac- i T i i t u a t c d at 'east, by the availability of -water carriage. Today the I/ower .Monongaholu in c a r r y i n g a tonnage hi cxccsn of that transported through the P a n a m a Canal. "Thvi s h o i i ' f l be n powerful ifTgu- HUMit in f a v o r of the Y o u g h i o g h e n y u i o . - c i t . W h i l e I he Yongh \alloy IKIH i , c h coal doposits, it also fins other ro- s-ourees a w a i t i n g development. Tho Monoiisiilif'hi example eljminalee Kiic-xAvork and conjeeturo from the picture. "Kff'cct of such development and c o n t r o l of ( h i t . i m p o r t a n t watershed in iU relationship to the "Father of Waters" and the MisBie^'ppl Valley Is obvious. "AcbJevement may bo a Jong, hard pull. Tho s t a r t is being made. Accom- p l i s h m e n t will be in direct ratio to the intensity of effort and unanimity of action. . "If it w i l l help Oonnollfivlllo more t h n n a n y othor section of tho county i i i w t l . what of it? "What lielivj. ConnnUsviito will, in it!rp-t ratio, h o l t ) every other section; ,in.".f a - wli.it 'irlrxs otlier sections ivill, i n u i t i o , h e l p C'onnoll.sviMe.'" Mor^ i;enei'ius d i s p l a y of this« '-pirit i i 1 live .UK! !-·' l h i \ u n i t more i n t e r - (·-led cop*" . i t l o i t \ \ l l h ii"-pecl to t u n t y b e t t i m c n l t , \ \ o i t l t l ln-lp b u t h I n i o n t o v s n ami ' o n n o l l i - \ lib 1 ,ind '^\\\' , ',} c i l 1,'i'tirt 01 K , i \ i » l t « i n i i i i t y a .mon* i i u i p i e h i - i t d i i -· ·«· nst 1 itf t h e i r obluui i tin-! i i ' c . u h v'tl» x r and to l h i " ' o u n t \ !!,(^" \v« nol :^d^.lll'i 4 cl l»tr e n o u g h t i H o ^ i i i i i 1 t h · p r i n c i p l e us ef«*nti,»l 11) ,L lantcr l e U M - and m u i f prosperous co ittty'.' THK BIG-rROBhKM ]' M I N E SAt'ETY \yOHK. Inducing tho ln^idtuil m i n e worker to comprehend ' h e necessity for doing hts work aa instructed so as to avoid the dangers incident to his occupation, al1ll remains the- chief drawback to the f u r t h e r elimination of accidents. Despite the persis e-nce of mine ofll- cials in coatiuttingi instruction hi the safe methods of doing things, no matter how' often repeated, some miners will revert to tlu unsafe aud apparently to them tho easy way, when the m i n e foreman r bin-assistant is not present to porsrnally seo that the worker does not take unnecessary risks. Tho inevitable result is t h a t sooner or l a t e r tin worker becomes the victim of his ov u carelessness or disregard of instruct Ions. 1 "Widows and orphans are mad a, t n o accident rating ot 'the mine rises ai corclitigly atirf the public gains tho in.pression that the. elforts to prevent atcideata a\tiil little or nothing. That' th'eso conditions s t i l l prevail oduso safety worker-, almost to despair over-'the slow progiesa they nre a-blo to make in accident prevention. That they arc emphasized at r-very mooting of; mine safety workers, was again proven «t the a n n u a l safety meeting ot the Yough and N irth Bud diviiiious on Saturday evon-Jir . While each ^of the speakers considered the aubjei t of safety from different points 01" view they ul'l agreed that moro t h o r o u g h instruction, more care on part of the miner, moro rigid' discipline of those who wilfully disobey rules and orders, are absolutely necessajy to a bettor accident rating of mines. Of course tlio weightier b u r d e n resits upon mine officials to bring about a better s h o w i n g In t h e reduction of accident:*. They arc tho executive ofllcers who stand between, the company and its employes. They have a heavy responsibility as well as a difficult task. Thej cannot be pre-swit in all sections o£ tlie mine to prevent careless miners tj king risks or iu doing their work in an unsafe way. Very naturally the company management 1'ooks to t h e plant officials to carry out lustriu Uonsi, and in most instances this ttj done with a f u i t h - fulness that Is most commendable. Unhappily, howeve-i, they cannot give assurance t h a t t h e i r own instructions w i l l at all timed lo observed, hence accidents c o n t i n u e to happen. Improvement In the accident rate seems to be possible t h ' o u g h unremitting patience and care iti reiterating the principles and prai UCP of safety, in the hope that the Individual miners will eventually absorb them to the extent that they \v.tl become a habit. That done accidents should be very much reduced in number, .Bringing it about will remain t h e biggest problem in m i n e safely. If furriers conic adapting rat skitib moleskin coats or garments, an incp given to slayers of to get busy and sa $2,000,000 w o r t h pesky rodents des find a method of to uso in making other fashionable n live ought to be Ills f o r m of v e r m i n o some part of t h e f food b t n i f s the roy each year. THE 1930 JUGGERNAUT Why Wooden Houses Decay When Should Last fop Centuries HETTIE'S LESSON IN CAUTION TO HER SON Although the arerag American wooden' house is attacke-l by decay within k few years and i usually rotted to |WorlhleBan-frE6 wlt'iln two gon- oratioiu), there in no reason why it could 1 not be preserved for two, three or moro centuries, saye Prof. Enianuel Fritz, wood technologist ot tho Uuivev- aity oC California. Carole-wuiese, and net Hie perishable q u a l i t y ot wood Itself, is 'ho blame for live cofitiy decay of the overage frame j dwelling, assorts the expert, w r i t i n g in Iho current Good Housekeeping mag- azlne. Decay is evident o- that tho wood ia holding a moisture content of moro than 20 per cent. Cheap, carelcfis corietriellon proves more expensive In time t h a n tho care mid hdded oxpenso neceeary to make a house waterproof, lie points out.i The factors w h i c h u s u a l l y bring about decay and w h i c h can e a s i l y be elirui- 'nated are: Poorly fitted joints, Hhiuglee, and door aud window sills which permit water to nntor and remain in the cracks; f a i l u r e to insulate aJJ {Mtrtts of the house from the moisture of the groun-d w i t h a masonry foundation of at least six inches; failure'to ventilate the PIMCO b e t w o o n ground and floora w h o r e heat and moisture quickly develop the-decaying f u n g i , and failure to i ee t h a t no mounds of earth or rubbish are loft u n d e r tho house to c o n v t y moisture to the parts of the b u i l d i n g which they touch. U.S.fifayHaveto Agree to Consult Witli the French On Mediterranean Problems In Order to Assure Success of Conference. RURAL SCHOOLS ARE IN NEED OF IMPROVED FACILITIES Pennsylvania's §70,000,000 road b u i l d i n g program far 1930 ib second to New York's ?J 0(1,000,000, but the Keystone. State is nearer ,1 completion of its state systeii t h a n tho U m p i r e State which has Tar to go before equalling the mileoge of Pennsylvania. Tho accident s u f f e r e d by a Prick assistant inlno foicmau w h i l e on his way to the safety .limit r on Saturday evening fchows t ! m, f o m o p r o p e r t y owner ou South I iltsburg s t r e e t ha;i nerd for nistruciioii in b f i t c t y lor podebtriaiih. Kvidently the AV est Virginia fishermen are p r e p a r i n g to open tho Beason somewhat in advunco of the customary date, j u d g i n g roni t h e i r preparations to go a n g l i n g for the Blackwale-r part of tho VVeit Penn's power development plan;;. South Council vi!!c, Vanderbilt, Dawson and li)ve'son boroughs and ConnellKvillo and Duabtir townships, can take no l i l t l i prido that their schools are on (h · honor roll of (he J u n i o r Ked Cro r 3. Ttie. divorsiticd activities ot till; organization arc training the cornii.j citi'^cna in an appreciation of tho w o r k and service:; the soaior body is performing and arc preparing (lie j u n i o r s to perpetuation of its membership Tl;c decision of row t h a t a school of the Commonwe; for damages to jurod while ridin will servo to pro' the school district 1 L'JviclenUy t h i s dec a p r o f o u n d i n t r r p but it aecins t o ~ b o tion of SOIDU k i n d to t h e parents of .lutlgic- S. J o h n Mor- listrict i. 1 ;ut agency i l t h and is not liable chool children in- ·, in school busses, 1 cut suits in -which will be defendants, isaou ia based upon .·elation, of the law, f a i r t h a t compo/nsa- «honld bo available children MO injured, J,finklnar for Read Uis idvertlscmsntj Courio". In FLYING DOCTORS DUE IN COSTA RICA DURING THE DAY MANAGUA, Ni. arasua, Jan. US.-Tho American physicians enronle by airplane on a good 'Will visit to Pan American capital.-- were scheduled to leave for Puiita Vrenas, Costa Rica, today after a successful u u t strenuous visit hero. The flyln? cioctr rs arrived from San Salvador ycsterd ly and met n i n n y N t u a r a g u a n physicians who a t t e n d e d a clinic held last vilglit. Dr. Kred H Alboe. o!' Ni v w York ad-dressed t h e c l i n i c on bono sin ?cry, and Ur. A r n o l d II. Kapel oi C'lilc.cRo s p u k u on p u b l i c t u - a i t l i Tho i n i n i s t c t ol liyi;ieiii' ,unl '.lie ili- r o t t o r of j i n ' n l n 1 i . i l i l i u i ' U u m c d t i n 1 mt'iiibei s i)i I ' l l - ' l l y i i i e i l i n i i " ,i!n! h a d j n lut'ornuil I -1W \ \ u l i t h e m i n - l o i c m.iKnn; ;i l o u r c iln 1 i - i l , mi h u l i i i i ; t i n - I ' l i u t i l SUU moilu'.il ( t i - . ho i pi'.^l a n d tlii- ( l i . u d u - N . u i c n . i l l l o s - j i i t a l . The vlsito s w i - i o s u i priBi'd ,n t i n - nroKi'osu m: l-o i n s u r u i M v and f u b ! i h e a l t h li^r pl^cod In tho of Th« P,y D A V I D I^WII ( C r p y r i y l t t ISJoU b j Ttio C o i j r i d r . ) W A S H I N ( 3 T O N . .l.iu 28 -- Vlthniigh tin.' A m e r i c a n d e l e g a t i o n to tho Jxtn- ilon c jufercnci.' w i l l e n d i ' i n o i to avoid w h a t a r e tcrniCHl " c t i t a n g h n g a i h - ruices," the po.sMbifiUi'.s an v being r«c;o(5 lized h e r e t h a t the U n i t e d States may have to j o i n in the hO-called Medit 'rranean accord in order to assure he success of t h e conference, W h : n (ho d e l e g a t i o n loft, here it was v i t h the- i n t e n t i o n of a v o i d i n g any c o m r a i t m f n t s in ''Juropean affair;;, but w i t h t h r 1 monlal reservation as to w h a t m i g l i t h a v e (o b*- dotio to obtain an a f . r p e m u n t . The French govern- m e n t h o l f l s t h e k e y t o the conference. Unless t h e Frenrh a n d I t a l i a n ri'la- lious are btr.uglitened out, Premier T.ird'L-u cannot a f f o r d to sign any program ot arms r e d u c t i o n at L o n d o n and, unless tiio French bind themselves-, to a c u r t a i l e d urogr.im, the Tiri- tisli will not bo ablo to koep t h e i r '·oust -iiction program d o w n to t h e love! desired by tho United States. So, tiucimg thomselvcs in t h i s vtUous circle, tho American dclegu/tiou is looking for a way out. Discussions among senator!? here Indicate Uiat the- United States gov- ernmout need have no apprehension about Senate- ratification of another treat?' of the t y p e which was signed at tin 1 Washington conference of 1022. In t h a t i U K t a n c o Great Britain, Krancc, the U n i t e d Stales and Japan agreed to c o n s u l t each o t h e r on all problems arising in the Pacific." Tho treat." does not oblige the- U n i t e d States to take any a c t i o n after the; consultation has taken place. France want:) tlio Unit (Hi States to agree to c o n s u l t with her and with the Mediterranean powers whenever any problems a r i s i n g in the M e d i t e r r a n e a n should r.quiro i n t e r n a t i o n a l conversations. Though the U n i t e d Slates ever since the rejection of t h e bcaguo of Nations C o v e n a n t lias r e f r a i n e d f r o m discussing European affairs, there was no he-sit nicy in giving approval to a world-wide treaty win n proposed by M. B r i u n d ot Krauce. Uould America object to c o n s u l t a t i o n s w l l h European powers cm Kiiropean p r o b l e m s ? Is there any danger in meroly t a l k i n g HO long as thoro is no obligation to enforce or tako sides!? Traditionally the United Htatcs, like othei powers, has c x l r n d w l good offices and offered m e d i a t i o n when- 1 ever a dispute t h r e a t e n i n g war arose. "President Wilson made several offers oi' mediation in 1014 and t h e r e a f t e r . It is not conceived now that the Senate iVould object to a t r e a t y w h i c h bind;; the United ijtales to uso her good oftices in any d i s p u t e arising in the Mediterranean. On the suriaco such a promise w o u l d seem to carry wall it no moral or physical obliga- t i o n , so it is a h k e d of w h a t v a l u o x s n c h an a ;MIranee w o u l d be to the ftlodlier- i t i n c i n p o w e r s 'I hi 1 . i n ' - w e r IK t h a t tlu* m e r e i i i i ' s c u i c o l tin 1 r n i i e - U St.id in t ht i i i i i n c i l s ol K u i o p u \ v o n U l be i vpi-t t o i l In l m \ e a s i a h l l u - iiu', i n l l i i i ' n c o n i l \ \ n i i l i l - b c bt'llii'.ei I'lili; ll 1-1 vhe m o r a l l o i i c oi t i n - I ' n i t e d SLiti .·! i n .H' i'UKM'.U'n y u l u e l i t i n 1 M e d . t c n am an omiti'ies w o u l d 10- spor , p i i r t l c u l i i r l y bccaurii^ 'noney and s u p p l i e s w o u l d h s i \ r to lit t c r t h c o m i n g I'roir A m e i - i ' a t . · s u s t a i n am- war m o v e m e n t T U n i t i i e r e u c e M i h a t t h e U n i ' ^ d y u i ' r ^ m i g h t w . l h h o l ' l iis .I m ^ i i ' i i ot bringing .ibout u i o i n h iui jii'-h i oniinHnieuL in pile thn o urliai) children in areas latcrl ilM oE t!,500 ita c onion KllOW jo is are in them mhcr of per cenf ic TO arc --conskl- n u m b e r s oduca- muuitieH or thor-o ngtli of .tricri of ondancc, cveraent, iu widest n r w h e n II is well known t h a t do i-onstnnt exodus from rural communities ilio bulk of the to be educated nro still I h i n g of low doiiHity u s u a l l y d-eslp rural a n d im l i c l i n g all place; population or 1't'fc. Recent u piled in the; u Q i c c or loducat that i*0 per i c n t of tho ;,cl l O L - l t c d I I I MHM amis t h H l ."ill per c n t ol tho iot.il ni c h i l d ! en ur* e n r o l l e d , and !S ui t l i o tola) n u m b e r ol tu e m p k i y o e i . l i e a p p a r e n t ly ored from t l i r i - t a n d p o u t t of a l o n e -- i t f found our Uu-gi's t i o u a l problem. Tliat schools in r u r a l con are below tho i ; l a n d o - i l t wet. i n n r h a i i coimnunititM in !i term, t y p e ot building'.! an.l t i o n , [ ( u a l i l l r a t i o i i B ,uil MI 'oachcrs, vcpuloi ily In at h o l d i n g powfr and p u p i l acli disparities in M a i u U i r d » or b u i u l l olio and t w o - t i ! . v ~ h e r uiiisilly attended ly farm chi compared w i t h Huwc MI moro a n d w e a l t h i e r d i s t r i c t s , cities cular Kale of Arhiou'incn SUidlcK of p u p i l fK-hli'VciTH nt measured by standard tffct«, gen r u l l y Indicate thai p u p i l s m a k e bcttc-i progress In consolidated srhoo's t h a n i i one and two-teacher «:houls; and st 11 b e t t o r vanco would ever bo g i v e n . A H e r a l l t b e K e l l o t i g t r - a i l y w a s signed by the, U i i i t w l Htale- witlioul any promiso as t o w d a i acti m -would be taken if a n y sign Hory p 'vvor violated it. If t h e success of th · hone! on. c o n f t - r c n c c ( k - p p n i l s upon an \morlcan Hignatnre to t h e pioposed r a n e a n a c c o t d . faith a Rlei t a k e n ( h o u g h America won to nvo-id even t h i s l i t -up wit i Kuropc for I ear of Jiemr, misropres- 'iited. The French ministry need a diplo- m a t i c victory t o sU»y m now T and to ircn, !iro populous in yarti- JFronch Name Street lor Horrie.lt, PARIS, Jan. 28--The laj.e Ambassador Myron T; Ilerricli will bo perpetuated in. the memory ot France by a street named after him in Paris?, which probably will be followed by tho erection of u m o n u m e n t to h!« memory. The. Municipal Oou icll recently vo(ei to n a m e the -sew street joining the aristocratic avenue Victor Em- mauuol III and the rue do Courcelles alter tho kindly A m e r i c a n ArnbaeeaOor who died at hie post. WTion Yon "Want Something th« Classified Ui c clicrifol'pd d r e a m of her lit''' f i f t t y U r e e n now eees blosaoming i n t o perfect f r u i t , records John T. K l y n n . in hiri life of "Hetty G r e e n : tho Vi'itch of \ ( .'u!l Strr-et," in the Jlontor Magazine. H e r son Rdwarvl H. (Jrron, tin- apple- of her «yo, Ir 5 f a i r l y launched npo» his bupiiufs career. Though a Quaker, he iian iiitt graduatel Irom Ford ha in College, the grtttt hchool of tho J c H t i i l p in Now York, and ban now HniohPil hl« course ais a lawyer, is ad- millfld to tho bar ami ia ready for hub- inosi^. fj^ docn not, practice law, however. Doubtless Mrs. Green's long career as a l i t i g a n t and her hatred of lawyern have led her to make this boy imiop-endent of tho breed. He wiil go into business. He w i l l bo Ms own lawyer. And he will .be the richest men in America. That ir-j IIT dream. Khe has been preparing him to Be w h a t all his ancestors have boc-n for two h u n d r e d y e a r s -- g o o d buafnoFb manager,;. l''rom his earliest years shf ha^ tnlight him t h e meaning and 1l\p- v a l u e of n'oney. yin? has lectured him about h!« w^y of. lifo. "Bat 1'ilowly," she told him, "don't drink ICP W d t o r , keep out of tho draft and don't vUty u p w l l night." When Iu was a senior in Kordham ho had already 'begun to have- ambitions in finance. His motii'.'j-, IIP t h o u g h t , should mak-e him president of tho Chemical National B a n k . SVhcn ho graduated she called him to her office one day. Sh^ handed him a package. "Ned," she said, "this Ijackago c ' o n f a i n e $200,000 in bonds. Taki; it to San Ifrancisco and deliver ll, tj thn iwidrcFH on tho outside. But be c a r e f u l it is not lost or stolon." The first n i g h t on the t r a i n Nod sat up all n i g h t watching that package-. For the real of tho trip he kept it in his hands n i g h t and day. Finally with leiief and pride h« hamlcri if safely to the bank official to whom it wo*? ni- drortHod. When opened thn package contained i-omc cancelled insurance Uolicich,. Mrs, Gideon had given her BOH a leasou in caution. Licensed in C h a r l o h H. McNatt and KHzaboth Matto, b o t h of M o u n t Bi'iuldock, were licensed to wed in Uniontown. Patronize, those who advertise. Mediter- w i l l bo il p r e f e r f situation get a treaty would bo a l e a t h e r ia tl 5 cap of Pi-crater TarditMi. The pro] osal that tho status n n o in a r n w br I d l u g bo niiiintaiivxl for n t Icflst' six ,\ ara w i t h BortK 1 iiiodificiUiona moota wii h general a p p r o v a l here Ihoim'h ll, uid been hope! tbc pcriorl might ))r; stretched to ten years. ; Ab Marti i progress in larger schools in larger school systems. Up to the- p o i n t of a school lurm» enough to have at teacher per grade, school achievement practically parallclis size of school. There arc in the UiUtcd States 180,0000 one-teacher school*;. While t h A number Jiai! boon reduced mater- Sally in the pa;t decade, progress baa boon np««niodlc and sectional even w i t h i n states. Several i m p o r t a n t agric u l t u r a l «liU" bare bearco-ly been tou(,hel by ( l i e movement for cxjneoli- daling ftmall s.i lr(X)ls. In l l l i ' n j i H thero are still moro (!KUI 10.000 oiie-Irwchcr SLhoolK; in Iowa 9.500; in Kansas, Missouri, Michigan, Minnesota, Now York, Pennsylvania and Wiownsin, ovr-r 0,000. Siibslllution of moro ado- n u a t n school facililiers than is offoreij by II-.PHO s h-oolri w i t h thoir ohtinmted c n r o l l m o n l of three, and one-half million children is one of iho- large prob- Innw p p c u l i a r t o r u r a l situations. j Q u r i n K tho J n t e r j m w h i l o tho nccce- sary chani,'r' in a t l t n i n i s t r a t l v c organ- I x a l i o n IH being o f t r c t c d , i m p r o v i n g tho i'adlitic-ti offoivtl in the "jnall sclioolti is a. problem ol' oqtiul importance In . vlnw of t h e lartjo nuinbor of cliildren ! t o n c o r n e d . Count ry-wido "niral") Kcbool diUi availiiblo do not show the Boriousncfiti of the clu cut tonal situation in the smallest and poorest districts usually served by one-teacher Hi-hools, alnco "rural" an iifiod in gathering statistics includes placos ot J.500 to 2,500 in popiUation. in which schools rotlect more nearly urban than rural rondillons in organization, supervision, teaching practice, and the like. The small schools, howove-r, so loavon tho l u m p that informatloa nation-wide in character comparing condition^; in u r b a n and rural acholon K!IO\V significant dlfferencoa in oduci- tional etaiidartlfi and educational op- porlunities. Rural Terms Shorter Tho a v c r a M e a n n u a l school lorm in rural c o m m u n i t i e s )H 27 days shorter than in u r b a n schools, \vith the rebull that thore is a difference in schooling during 1he olomcntary .school period butwoon tho average rural and urban chi!4 ot appimimaU'ly one and one- tlxiixl y«in-i. For p u p i l current expenditures, baticd on'average d a i l y attendance, is In round numberH $100 in u r l a n , $62 in rural c o m m u n i f i e s ; the t o t a l per p u p i l cost $129 in urban, |7ri in rural communities; tho average v a l u e of school property per pupil enrolled U-; $2!)!) in ' u r b a n and $99 in r u r a l c o m m u n i t i e s ; and the average salary of till toarhprs?, feitpcrvifiore, and principals, $1,787 In urban, $855 in r u r a l communities. Tho av-erago salary uC toachors in one-toucher Kchools widens the already large gap, being ij.718. Nation-wide data showing the quali- (Icatioiii) oC teachers in rural, at* compared w i t h u r b a n schools, ire not available. A recent study in West I V i r g i n i a shows t h a t 11 per cojit o f 1 r u r a l , as compared w i t h 53 per cont of u r b a n teachers, reported have t r a i n i n g o c i u i v a l e n i t o or above that denoted by a diploma Irom a standard normal school. The r e m a i n i n g SG por cont. of rural teachers havi 1 n e i t h e r nitch diploma nor deirrocti from i n s t i t u t i o n s of. l i m b e r g r a d e , I n i o r n i u l i o n Irom .N'ortU ( ' · i r o l i n a ii.s of 1D-7 -!S i n d i r a t e s t h a t u r b a n l - u - h c i s h:n t- an ivi'i:iL.'i of , i ( j p r u x i j i K i L i ' l v I N\ u yt'ai'M u i o i i ' I r u i n i n n i l l . i n i n r . i l icaehci-.i. Thi'sc J a t u u i i 1 i'i'asi[ial»l.\ r ^ p i V j ^ u t a l M c oi' con- d i l i o n s in tin 1 c o u n t r y al lars*' In b o m « v blatei. I la- h i t n u i i o n if- bettor; in tOlll*' 71«t r,O gOO'l. Lookinir i n r Bnrjjalns 1 ' Head Lhi/ advertlioraeiits la Th« DailT Couriiii i Is your husband or brother or son one of the long-suffering males whose tie- racfcs display the hideous selections of hurried women shoppers? /3y riding the electric cars your shopping tour affords you time and convenience to picfc out ties for the males of your family, that they will be oroud to wear. C OEM. pa my AL no Lime would the oar owner more appreciate good, dependable Lires than in wiuter with Rs severe cold, snow, and slush. Freedom from "tire trouble" is then most comforting. You cannot buy better tires than (hose of the largest and best known manufacturers. At our stores you will Jind only the best known brands of t i r e s -- n o unknown brand?, at ridiculous prices, which are high-priced no matter what price you pay. Our prices on these standard brands will be found lower than t h e same identical tire is sold elsewhere. Maximum vo'umc pure-hasps means lowest possible prices, w h i c h advantage we extend to the consumer. Make y o r r w i n t e r d r i v i n g pafe w i t h chains. We carry t h e m , Ogotbe.r w i t h a Cull l i n e of other motor accessories, butteries, gasoline, oi), .^rearfe, etc. Surly Slorss in JS'iuo Counties of

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