The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania on January 10, 1939 · Page 4
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January 10, 1939

The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania · Page 4

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Connellsville, Pennsylvania
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Tuesday, January 10, 1939
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KUUK. THIS UAIL.Y COURIER, CONNELLSVILLB. PA. TUESDAY, JANUARY 10, 1039. Silt? THE COURIER COMPANY , James J. Dnscoll R. A. Donegan Walter S. Stimmcl James M. Drlscoll J. Wylie Driscoll - . Publishers --President and General Manager 4---Secretary and Treasurer Editor -- Associate Editor --Advertising and Business Manager MEMBER OF Audit Bureau of Circulations Pennsylvania Newspaper Publishers' Association Bureau of Advertising, A. N. P. A. Served by United Press and International News Service SUBSCRIPTION RATES Two cents per copy; 50 cents per month; S5 per year, or $2.50 for six months by mail M paid In advance; 12 cents per week by carrier. Entered as second class matter at the Postofficc, Conncllsville, Pa. LITTLE BOY BLUE TUESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 10, 1039 THE COXSTITUTIOX AND THE COURTS Every now and then the question arises as to whether publishers of newspapers can be cited for contempt because of editorial criticism of the courts. A case is now on the books in Philadelphia where Justice John W. Kephart has asked the district attorney to act in reply to an attack by the Record on the State's supreme tribunal, as a sequel to the row the opening session of the State Senate last week. "Congress shall maUe no la-w . . . abridging the freedom of speech or of the press," reads the First Amendment to the Constitution of the United States. That amendment has never been repealed. It may be a relic of the horse and buggy days in the opinion of some of the learned men on the bench. But it still stands. It would seem to admit of no misinterpretation. The Record's editorial praised Lleutenant-Governor Thomas Kennedy for "courageously resisting judicial dictation" by the Supreme Court. Presumably the editor--of a large metropolitan dally--had in mind a possible flare- baclt. The TtS'ashington Observer, of opposite political faith, comes to the defense of the Record in these words: "The Observer, white condemning the editorial as unfair, intemperate and highly prejudiced, and in fact contemptuous, believes the Record had a perfect right to publish it. "In our judgment that right is expressly provided for in the Constitution in the First Amendment, guaranteeing the freedom of the press. "In our opinion a newspaper has as much right to criticize an opinion o£ the court as it has the action of a Legislature or a Governor or President." Editors generally agree with the view expressed by the Observer, but one irate judge can make a lot of trouble for a newspaper. All would be highly interested observers of a test before the United States Supreme Court. FARMBBS GOIXG MODEKX .. Look about you as you drive the roads out of Connellsville, or any community, and you will find evidence to support the claim that farms are being gradually electrified. The rate of acceleration is declared to be far more rapid than in all the years preceding the onset of the depression. Here are eome figures: In 1924 only 204,780 farms, as classified by the Census Bureau, were using electricity supplied by a central or commercial source. By 1929 the number had more than doubled, to 576.1GS --still, however, representing a very small percentage of potential users. The depression slowed the movement, so that in 1933 there were only 4,100 new installations. But notwithstanding the farmers' plight, the number has increased year by year, until at least 1,460,000 farms now have electricity supplied by commercial or Government-sponsored companies. About 5,000,000 farms still are without electricity, except for the comparatively few which operate their own generating sets. Millions are within the range of Immediate possibilities. What this great expansion means in terms of metals and manufacturing has been measured. At the rate of 200,000 new users a year, some 66,000 miles of additional distributing lines are necessary annually. This alone requires 05,000 tons of steel and non-ferrous metals- for conductors, transformers and accessory hardware. For each farm prosperous enough to Install electric service there is a market for wiring materials and" the equipment to use the electricity. On the basis of 200,000 new users a year, this figures up to 40,000 tons of metal. Added to this, new purchases annually by farms previously electrified account for 15,000 tons. The total is 120,000 tons of steel, copper, aluminum, and other metals annually. But there is-still an immense field to be tapped. CORXEHS'JCONE Rabbi Julius Washer enunciated an age-old truth at the Americanization rally here Sunday afternoon when he declared that "if every organization and individual will just stop talking Americanization and begin to practice it we'll begin to get somewhere." That might be" re-phrased to read: "Practice what you preach." The trouble with a lot of people Is they do a lot more preaching than practicing. Rev. Paul E. Porath hit another nail squarely with Ixis declaration that empty pews in Protestant churches and the rise of isms are inter-related; that persons not attending church services are "providing the breeding places" for communism and other movements which would wreck the democratic form of government and Christianity .itself. . Rev. Charles F. Gwyer," Catholic priest, elaborated the same-idea. He is convinced the rise of isms constitutes a grave danger to America. lie is concerned about .their foundation--atheism. - - ; · Along with the American Legion, which sponsored the rally, there is a pressing obligation resting on all who believe in upholding the principles of living laid down by the Founding Fathers. They had strong religious convictions. They lived them. We should follow their example. JOHNSON'S VIEWS WON'T COUNT General Hugh S. Johnson cannot "see" Felix 'Frankfurter as a justice of the Supreme Court. Too radical, says the former generalissimo of the National Recovery Administration. The general puts the Harvard law professor in his own--that is, Johnson's--class. He'd make a better administrator than a dispenser o£ justice. Johnson bases his radicalism assertion on the allegation that "his principal disciples" are so to the nth degree. There Is slight possibility the general's measure of the man will be accepted by the Senate. What will stand out above everything else is that he is reeoguizezii to be one of the most learned men in the law in the world. Supporting this is his undisputed integrity. Persons who know him intimately do not class him as a "yes man." THEN EfflND WASHINGTON, Jan. 10.--A notion] is widespread that the dictators have wrought some economic magic which stands as a challenge to democracy. Even Mr. Roosevelt said in his congressional message he totalitarians had put their men to work and the question now is whether democracy can do likewise without sacrificing freedom. A Government officer has just finished looking into the prosperity that Hitler has wrought and compared It with the supposedly current unprosperous condition of the United States. His conclusion is a lot o£ Americans are looking at Germany through the wrong end of the telescope. His report shows (it will be out someday soon at least in part) the magical German standard of living Is about on the plane o£ American slums. The first thing we must do if we want to reach his level is to cut all American salaries about 50 per cent, and put about 70 per cent of our people on the Government payroll at a wage no American now would work for. Wkat's What At a Glance By CHARLES P. STEWART Central Press Columnist. WASHINGTON, D. C., Jan. 10.-President Hoosevelt has been making his recent appointments to high executive posts without a bit of regard for earlier predictions of political and press prognosticates. All hands were confident that Aubrey Williams would be boosted into the WPA chieftainship when Administrator Harry L, Hopkins succeeded Commerce Secretary Daniel C. Roper, instead of Which Colonel F. O. (Pink) Harrington got the job and Williams virtually was demoted. Similarly Solicitor General Robert H. Jackson was much the best bet to follow Attorney General Homer S. Cummiiigs, instead of which cx-Govcrnor Frank Murphy of Michigan was the presidential selection. With Secretary of War Harry F. Woodring and Secretary of the Navy Claude A. Swanson scheduled to retire soon, the assumption has been that Assistant Secretaries Louis A. Johnson and Charles Edison would gravitate into these two posts respectively. The gucsscrs now no longer arc so confident of this pnir either. Having gone wrong twice already, they are diftldcnt as to further surmises. They scarcely speculate at ;ill ron- cerning PostofTico and Labor departmental probabilities, though Postmaster General James A. Farley and Secretary Frances Perkins arc expected to quit shortly--Farley to make more money in private life; Madame Perkins because she has not been altogether satisfactory. Nor has Agriculture Secretary Henry A. Wallace been nn unmitigated success; all the same he seems to be intrenched solidly. Secretary of State Cordcll Hull is the one cabinet member who has scored 100 percent perfect thus far; even anti-New Deal Democrats and Republicans swear by him, H will serve until the end o£ 1940 and then may be a presidential cor.didatc. Neither is Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau's elimination forecast. He has his adverse critics, but they are not vehement. Interior Secretary Harold L. Ickes of course could not be evicted with dynamite. He has plenty of opponents, but the Administration classes him as a Cabinet star--headed him off from trying to attain the Chicago mayorality, because of its horror u the thought of losing him. He wil last through as surely as Secret)ry Hull will, though he will not be a presidential possibility afterward. Considerable Political Soreness. The President's disregard of probabilities has not failed to create a good bit of political soreness. "Harry the Hop" does not sui businessmen generally as Commerce Secretary. He may win them over but to date they are suspicious ol him. Reliefers are hostile to Pink Harrington, deeming him exceedingly hard-boiled in comparison with Aubrey Williams. Labor and the antitrust folk think well of Frank Murphy, but Bob Jackson w;.h their choice. As to the remainder of the program, as it develops itself, the resul 1 remains to be seen. But the White House appears, to be inclined to exercise its own judgment rather thnn to be influenced by popular opinion. Anyway, th enemies of "Harry the Hop", and th friends of Aubrey Williams and Bob Jackson alike arc disgruntled. In short, both sides are ugly. Al Smith As a Possibility. One can't but wonder what woulf have happened had Al Smith been offered a cabinet post back in 1932. Though he would have refused i (as I suppose he would) it woul have been a wonderfully cifcctivi gesture. And if he had ;icccpted?-- oh my! Look at Alt M. Landon' acceptance (and the good work In did) as a member of that P.m-Ameri can delegation at Limn, Peru! Then was an example of mtci nations STRENGTH FOR YOUR TASK . By Earl L. Douglass, P. D. FASHIONED AFTER TllE DIVINE by the fact that these $6 a week workers were formerly on the dole, where they received the same salary without working. Hitler has not Improved their lot. .. In Berlin the Nazis have a neat way of handling people who want to get on the dole--young sirls mostly. When they apply, the Nazis round them up in busses and take them outside the city where they arc put to work on the roads, carrying stones. For this they receive 17 marks a week and lunch. In terms of food (which is all these can spend it on) this is $4.25 in the Hitler Utopia. The WPA minimum lor work relief is $5.25, In this challenged democracy. What the German Utopians pay for food as compared with American Democrats and Republicans is set forth in this following table prepared with care from official figures: German Price. TJ. S. Price. 60 cents pound 38.4 cents 43 cents 33.3 cents 45 cents doz. 44.5 cents What do we menn when we say that man is made in the image of God? We mean, do we not, that in man we sec some suggestion of what God is. And if this be true, then we are led to the conclusion that God is a person, because the thing which stands out as most evident in the life of every individual is that he is endowed with personality. He is not just nn automaton directed hither and thither by blind instinct. Human personality means that one has comprehension and the pou;er of choice. Now since man is made in God's image, this means that these human personalities of ours arc a counterpart of a groot divine Personality; and such being the case, neither the human personality nor the Divine fulfills itself without fellowship. The Bible encourages us to believe that God seeks and must have the fellowship of man, and the counterpart of that truth Is that man must have the fellowship of God. "Thou hast fashioned us for Thyself," cried Augustine, "and our souls are restless till they find their rest In Thee." Being created in the image of God means first that we are like the divine Personality who created us, and second, that we fulfill our lives and God fulfills His through mutual fellowship. There are five to six million unskilled laborers in Germany whose wages are fixed by the government at 24 marks a week. This figure comes from no less an authority than the German Institute of Business Research, a government organization. The mark is supposed to be worth 40 cents, but not to the German workers. In terms of things they can buy, it is worth about 25 cents. These five to six million workers therefore are getting about $6 a week. Our WPA workers average more than twice as. much, $14 a week. Average wage of all workers in Germany, rich and poor alike, is about 200 marks a month. In terms of food prices this is $50 a month. In terms of clothing and other necessities of life, it is worth about $30 or $70 a month. A fair and conservative estimate therefore, is that the average German wage is $12.50 to $15 a week. Average wage in manufacturing alone In the U. S. is $23.32, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. For all the U. S. our wage level is certainly twice as high as Hitler's. The joke o£ Hitler's claim that he has put everyone to work is exposed Sidelight* A Hollywood hairdresser's "sugar and water" formula for keeping curls n hair for considerable periods is not news to some local women who were girls 30 or 40 years ago, said one of .hem today in commenting on '.he 'Secret of Milady's Curls'' in The Courier Friday. "Bosh! We used he same treatment when we were elds," she commented. Five teaspoonfuis of sugar dissolved in water Is the formula, if you did not happen to read it. When a dog bites a boy's tongue, t's news too. At least it seems so to Ive year old Eonald Owen, Jr., of Latrobe. Ronald had his tongue, a usually inaccessible bit of anatomy, field between his teeth and partly protruding while he was playing with his pet dog. While romping, the dog darted up suddenly and bit it. Ronald's tongue was so hadly injured that three clamps were required to close the wound. Ho is a son of Mr. and Mrs. Ronald J, Owen. It is not often a couple is permitted to go along happily in marriage for 67 years. That was the good fortune o£ Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Thompson of Romney, W. Va. But the end of romance for them came Saturday afternoon when Mrs. Thompson died at the age of 87, which is also the husband's age.- The end of the long 'journey came suddenly. Strangely enough they were at work. "Uncle Jim Will" was churning. "Aunt Lizzie" (Elizabeth Jane) had risen from her chair to relieve him when she collapsed. They leave seven sons and daughters. Another son, Holland, fell victim of yellow fever during the Spanish War and was buried at sea. Listening in on Saturday night's Mayflower Hotel Jackson Day dinner, the thought struck me that it must be tough to be made to pay a mndred smackers for a plate, then be forced to laugh at a bum Irish oke; that Jim Farley's introductions of the President arc becoming shorter and less flosvery as time marches on; that Franklin Roosevelt's and Andrew Jackson's person-to-person discussion of the New Deal party marks another forward step in radio. That Florida Nemesis of mine is still it it--this time with a postcard bcar- ng a Miami tropical scene and these words, "Sorry, Sam, you are not with me for we could enjoy this country --even if you are peculiar." Two Christmas toy-train-and-village displays I overlooked--R. T. Black's and T. C. Ball's, Trump avenue and North Pittsburg street, respectively. Thanks, A. B. Pickard--although n tritlc fed up on turkey right now, think I'll be ready for more of it (white meat preferred) by the time your (Feb. 5 V. F. W. banquet) rolls around. There must be some difference between a "Little Now Deal" legislative investigating committee and an honcst-lo-goodncss Dauphin County Grand Jury hearing. Let's go to press. Captain Norman A. Browell and his young men in the Howitzer Company have reason to throw out their chests a little farther over being rated second in the 110th Infantry in drill attendance for November and getting mention in the official publication of the Pennsylvania National Guard. But one member of the 62 was absent at the last session. How about first place? An illuminating analysis of conditions, in Germany--startling in the low living standard and the financial stringency in the Reich it reveals-is contained in Paul Motion's letter on this page today. The article based on a Government study, asserts that the German standard o] living is about on a par with the slums of American cities, which the Government is trying to eradicate This article by Mallon is one of the most interesting that has come oui of the National Capital. statesmanship--an instance of non- pnrtican cooperation! -- of worlc cohesion on both Democratic and Republican sides in this country!-and inlcr-Amei'icvmiy! Stray Thoughts By S, M. DcHUFF Steak Butter Eggs Gasoline 35.5 cents 17 cents Coffee 63 cents to 94 cents 23 cents But the Germans cannot even get these foods at these prices, although the prices (as well as wages) arc fixed by the government. Germans must eat cabbages, turnips, potatoes and bread which are relatively cheap. Meat is hard to get. Coffee Is rationed, and so is butter. An adult is allowed only 170 grams, or a little less than one-third of a pound, of butter per week. The lower middle and poor classes use whale oil made into oleomargarine, through which air is blown to lessen the fishy taste. It works out fairly well unless you try to cook something in the oleo in which case you can detect the presence of the whale. Germans like onions but this delectable vegetable is scarce. The German press carries frequent stories (at government direction,) saying the international Jews have cornered the onion market. The papers print pictures purporting to show piles of onions found by police after breaking into Jewish houses. Papers say: "Watch the Jews as they go in. and out of their houses. Note if they arc carrying or concealing packages. They are storing up great quantities of butter, eggs, cream, onions. That is why the German people cannot get Continued on Page Eight More Women Have Jobs Than Ever Before Babson Makes Check Up on Husbands and Wives Who Are Both Working! THE NECESSARY ART He Imd faith he tried to teach: Knew the truth but couldn't tell It, For ho *pokc \vith faltering speech And he lucked the art to sell It. He wns earnest and sincere. All he told was past denying. But his voice \vns hard to hear And the people Rave up trying. One with less of faith than he, But with more ol manners splendid, Crew by showmanship to be By .idmiring throngs attended. Not enough the truth to know: Man must gain the Knack to tell it Not enough hlsh faith to show. Man must also learn to sell it. Facfographs In ancient Greece, it was thought that if you touched the beard of a person from whom you wanted to ask a favor, it would be granted you. Possibly this is the origin of the expression, "I was touched for a loan." The states of New Jersey and Rhode Island arc tied for first place with the lowest maternity mortality rates in the U. S. A. Al one time cocoa could be afforded as a drink only by royalty, and the seeds of the cacao tree were used as money m purts of Mexico. By HOGER W. BABSON WASHINGTON, D. C., Jan. 10.-Business is today 10 per cent higher than a year ago. Yet employment is 10 per cent less. Why? One vital reason is the flooding ol the job market with women. The trend toward women taking men's jobs is speeding up rather than slowing down. I am all for women in industry. If they have the brains and the guts to take a man's job away from him-more power to them. My only quarrel is with cases where both husband and wife hold salaried jobs. One should stay home and make a home! The trek of women into offices and factories is one of the many causes of our abnormally heavy jobless totals. It Is one of a dozen new trends which have been creating a revolution in our business and social lives. It started In 1900 but did not become a serious factor until business hit the skids in 1930. Since then the girls have flocked into the employment market in hordes. The following statement is hard to believe, but it is a fact: The depression is leaving us with more women employed than ever before! John D. Biggcrs, who ran the 1037 job census for President Roosevelt from here at Washington, has this to say on the question of women jobholders: "More than a third of all workers are women -- nearly 15,000,000-compared with 40,000,000 men. In 1930, 24 per cent ol women over sixteen years old hnd jobs. In 1037 the total had jumped to 31.5 per cent. (It is probably higher today). Actually since 1930, 2,740,000 more women have crashed the business world than would have done so if the ratio had remained 24 per cent,' These figures show that a good share of our employed total of nine million is'due to a si-cater percentage of women holding jobs than ever before. Many daughters and wives who are working today would not have thought of doing so in 1D29. Women's wages were pretty good then because there was n demand for competent female workers. Today, however, in addition to glutting the whole job market, the girls have glutted their own. Women's wages have dropped 20 per cent since the "good old days." Modern machines can be operated by smart girls as well as men. So, with women cheaper to hire--and otlen brighter and more loyal than men--nothing is more !ogii*nl thnn to huvc the women get the jobs. Women Gettlnc B!K Jol«. My guess is that within 20 years many men holding key positions in industry will be tossed out and their jobs will be taken by women. This change is inevitable. Every business man is familiar with n concern in which the brains nre furnished by a woman, even though men servo to Rive the company a masculine "front." This trend is RrowSng stronger every day. Only a month or .so ago a woman was elected secretary ol one of the big western railroads. Ii is, the first time a woman has ever icld an important official position ! n a railroad, even though railroads j lave, more women than men stock- i lolders. Only a few days ago--for j -he first time on record--a woman i was made a director ol a big utility j concern. I We have all seen women getting j into public office, although I think j they fit into business better than they 1 do into politics. Two examples of » low women can become lust as ~ ', thick-skinned as men arc Secretary of Labor Frances Perkins and Fed- · oral Judge Florence Allen. They set ! a good goal because one handicap which most business women have Is lack of ability to "take It on the chin." Men better watch out when women learn to get "tough"! Industry is filled up with so many male stuffed shirts that it will be a """ pushover for aggressive women to grab their jobs as soon as they get the new training that is open to them. I refer to schools and colleges that now especially train women for executive positions in business. Started In Kitchen. The mechanization of the kitchen touched off this wholesale migration of women into business. It all started in the home and that is where the battle is the hottest right now. The modern husband must be sensible about the whole problem. It is a biological fact that a boy and a girl may inherit qualities from any branch of the family tree. The girl may inherit her father's red hair and his business traits. Similarly, a'boy may have his mother's black hair and her domestic qualities. If the wife has the business ability, then the husband should stay at home and give the baby the bottle, while the Mrs. goes out and does the bread-winning! This is necessary to cut dowrx unemployment. I know that working wives can build up a good case for themselves. It is pretty harsh medicine to'fire a smart, aggressive woman whose hus- 'i' band docs not earn enough to main- * tain the family's living standard. If such is the case, then the man should i\»t his job and learn to be a good "household engineer." Some will say--and under normal conditions I would agree with them --that our lives are aheady too minutely regulated by a paternal gov- j eminent. But here is a case where t we would jointly protect the home and justly redistribute jobs. Cut Employment Million. I woud not want to sec single women and wives purged from'office and factory. But I am sure that, for a time, we must put a stop to '.hose cases where both husband and wife are working. It may be okay -when there are jobs to burn, but right now about 9,000,000 people cannot find work and 3,000,000 families are being supported by public relief. 1 feel very strongly that married women, whose husbands insist upon keeping their jobs, should resign. Even though there are two sides to the question, I think that under current conditions, if such husbands will not work at home, then the wives should get fired. If so, uncmploy- ' tomorrowl

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