Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia on June 2, 1974 · Page 149
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Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia · Page 149

Charleston, West Virginia
Issue Date:
Sunday, June 2, 1974
Page 149
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Within two years the United States is going to-suffer far worse oil shortages than it endured during the Arab petroleum embargo. So warns Dr. Philip Abelson, editor of "Science," a publication of the 130,000-member American Association for the Advancement of Science. "I feel," writes Dr. Abelson in a "Science" editorial, "that the American public is not taking the problem seriously enough." Abelson contends that the nation's energy problems are" crit- cal and lasting and that this country will need large quantities of imported oil just to meet the constantly increasing demand for gasoline. The end of the Arab oil boycott does not mean the end of America's energy shortage. It simply provides us, he suggests, with a temporary breathing spell of which we should take advantage. Blacks, Poles, Italians and Latins comprise 33.7 percent of metropolitan Chicago's 6.979 million population. Yet, according to a study conducted by Russell Barta, professor of social science at Mundelein College in Chicago, the.members of these minority groups exercise few decision-making positions in the city's big business 'community. By studying Chicago's 106 largest corporations through interviews and annual reports, Prof. Barta discovered that "while the Italians ^were more numerous in th'e,. executive suite than the other three groups, 84 corporations out of the 106 still had no directors who were Italians, and 75 had no cprporate officers who were Italians. "Ninety-seven had no .officers who were Polish; only one corporation had a black officer, and only two had Latin officers. Fifty-five of the corporations had no officers or directors from any of the four ethnic groups." The corporations that were surveyed last fall included banks, retailers, utilities, savings and loan institutions and others chosen on a size rating by "Fortune" magazine and two Chicago dailies. JK HUHI One r eason for IHfUUD the inequita- JHuTiM ble distribu- WHWIHOl tion of food throughout the world is that the developed nations --the U.S., Germany, Japan, Canada, etc.--have too much money and spend it on more than their fair share of the available food supply. While the underdeveloped nations have millions of people who starve, the developed nations have millions of people who can afford quantity, quality and variety irT their food. For example, to produce one barrel of beer; U.S. · brewers use 44 pounds of malt, barley and other grains. In 1972, U.S. breweries produced 140 million barrels of beer, or two-thirds of a barrel for every person in the country. They also used another 200 million pounds of grain, most of it corn, to produce 73 million gallons of whiskey and other alcoholic spirits. According to agricultural experts, the amount of grain used annually to produce alcoholic beverages in this country would keep half a million people in South Asia alive for a year. Denmark has more physicians than it needs. Worse yet, it is adding to the surplus. Of almost 500 who were graduated from medical school this past February, 175 could not find jobs in Denmark. This summer another 400-500 will be graduated. In the past, many young Danish doctors sought and found employment in nearby Sweden, but now Swe.den has a surplus of physicians, too. One of the most acute shortages of medical doctors is found in the U.S. Indian Health Service. Perhaps our government should fly a Boeing 747 jumbo over to Denmark, return with the available young Danish doctors, and- offer them jobs on our Indian reservations. FAMBWHA When a retarded child is born into a family, what effect does that child have on family life? Three researchers studied the problem and wrote about it in "The Journal of Marriage and the Family." They reveal that the most significant effect is on parental activity within the neighborhood. Parents who have a retarded child visit neighbors less frequently than those who don't. The mother of a retarded child is most burdened, but the social isolation associated with retarded 'children frequently produces greater marital solidarity. The retarded child serves as a binding familial influence. The three researchers, Ronald McAllister, Edgar Butler and Tzuen Jen-lei, studied 1000 white families in a city in Southern California. Of the £305 children in their sample, 360 from 281 families were classified as behaviorally retarded. .--·-. *--.- A VIEW OF LOS ANGELES IN MOCK-UP FOI THE MOVIE 'EARTHQUAKE.' II EMU- Between 1932 and 1972 : more than 15,340 earthquakes occurred in Southern California. With the aid of a computer, a- 494-page book, the most complete record available on Southern California earthquake data, has now been co-authored by Clarence'Allen, a geology professor; James Hileman, a graduate student, and John Nordquist, a research engineer, all of the California Institute of Technology. The book lists all earthquakes of magnitude 2 or higher on the Richter scale over a 40-year period. It details their exact location, time, depth and magnitude. It reveals that the most seismically active parts of Southern California are the Imperial and Coachella valleys through which run major branches of the San Andreas fault system. And it shows that although earthquakes occur over wide sections.of Southern and Baja California, their frequency diminishes east toward the Colorado River. Universal Pictures is spending f6 million to produce a film, "Earthquake" with Ava Gardner, Charlton Heston, Lome Greene, Lloyd HoIan, and half a dozen other big names.. The highlight of the film, however, is the special-effects sequence which shows Los Angeles when an earthquake strikes and Hollywood Dam, north of the city, ruptures.

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