Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia on July 27, 1975 · Page 6
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July 27, 1975

Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia · Page 6

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Charleston, West Virginia
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Sunday, July 27, 1975
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Page 6
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64 --Julv27,1975 * Sunday Gazette-Mail Turkey Takeover Of U.S. Bases Starts Argentina -- Numbness or Panic From Page One Turkish officials explained the government's decision of Friday night to suspend all activity of the bases and place them un- · der "totai control" of the Turkish armed .' forces did not require the Americans to ', leave. They said, however, the Americans ·_ will be idle because of the halt of their reg- · ular work. ] · · IN WASHINGTON, Senate Democratic · Leader Mike Mansfield called on the '. House to reverse its decision and said con- · tinuance of the arms embargo will seri- '. ously affect the future of the North Atlan", tic alliance. "The southern flank of NATO · is. to put it mildly, in a state of disarray," I he said. ; On Cyprus, Turkish-Cypriot leaders an- ;· nounced they were closing the two Ameri- ·. can installations on the part of the island '. under Turkish-Cypriot control. The Cyprus ' radio monitoring and communications stations have not been operating since the invasion. From the Greek Cypriot areas of Cyprus, messages were sent to the U. S. House of Representatives thanking it for '. continuing the ban. · * The Turks apparently have no plans so "far for dismantling the bases or their ^equipment. drawn from military integration in NATO and Communist influence has risen in Portugal and Italy. The American bases in Turkey and the well-trained Turkish army and air force until now have been regarded as stabilizing elements in the Eastern Mediterranean strategic situation. : ; IHE TURKISH DECISION was inter- ·preted by diplomatic sources as falling ··Short of a complete termination of the bas' es"'agreement. Presumably, if and when Turkey and the United States resolve their dispute, the bases could go back into operation again, one source said. If the dispute continues unresolved indefinitely, with the bases remaining inoperable, the Americans might feel it necessary to send at least some of their people home, the source added. In announcing the suspension of work at the bases, Turkey declared bilateral defense agreements with the United States invalidated. Sources said this could to some degree affect privileges enjoyed by the American personnel, such as tax exemptions. The sources also pointed out the necessity for establishing a system for Turkish and American personnel to coexist without problems over the chain of command and other matters. "'.'if the American Congress continues the embargo and the Turks continue to keep the bases out of operation, with each side expecting the other to give in first, · the present stalemate can continue for .some time," one diplomatic source said. ·; The termination of operations at all but one of 27 bases in Turkey is regarded by senior officers of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization as a severe blow to intelligence gathering in a sensitive military area. ; U. S. and other NATO officers said they also were concerned over the possibility that Turkey would move away from the al' liance and further weaken its Mediterranean flank. ; During the last year Greece has with- Warning of foreign policy disaster, the Senate's Democratic and Republican leaders pleaded with the House on Saturday to reconsider its vote cutting off arms shipments to Turkey. Some senators argued that the move is a threat rather than a boon to Greece because Turkey might commandeer stockpiled U.S. nuclear weapons and become a nuclear superpower overnights. Republican Leader Hugh Scott said it is the worst decision made by either House or Senate in the 34 years he has been in Congress. Senate Democratic leader Mike Mansfield said the House's actions may well result in throwing Turkey into the arms of the Arab states in the Middle East in the conflict with Israel. All those senators who spoke credited the work of an extremely effective lobby of Greek-American citizens for the 22 to 206 vote by which the House voted Thursday to continue the arms embargo placed last February after Turkey's occupation of part of Cyprus. The decision, Scott said, "unhinges our anchor in the Mediterranean." Mansfield said that, as long as the House vote stands, chances for a Cyrpus settlement are nonexistent. And he stressed the possibility that, if the Turks are denied American weapons, they will buy weapons elsewhere -- possibly from the Soviet Union - and will use Arab funds to pay for them. That, he said, will endanger Israel. "I'm afraid we've goofed," said Sen. Howard Baker, R-Tenn., who contended Congress has overstepped itself in a number of foreign policy areas. "It's not our job to try and write foreign policy for Turkey or any other nation," said Sen. John Sparkman, D-Ala., chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. "Being for Turkey does not mean being against Greece." BUE-NOS AIRES, Argentina "We have the dubious distinction of being Portugal, keiand and Chile all at once," sighed one Argentine lawyer. "In two months.. .God knows what we'll be." The mood in the potentially rich but financially strapped nation of 25 million people runs from numb acceptance to mild panic. On the surface, it's the same old Argentina. Restaurants fill early, and well- dressed couples line up for theater tickets. Stores are jammed with local and foreign luxury goods. But life has become a sort of Argentine roulette. No one knows from one day to the next what essential item will be out of stock in the stores or who will be out of the government. Rumors circulate constantly about President Isabel Peron's physical and mental health. Her cabinet, shuffled continually as politics boil, faces problems which grow daily. Violence continues, and occasional late- night bombs jolt people from uneasy sleep. Worst of all, for most people, the economy seldom seems to make sense any et or two nights in a single room in the town's top hotels. Yet every hotel is filled with vacationing Brazilians who, using their Brazilian cruz- eiros and American dollars to purchase pesos, buy leather goods in quantity to sell to well-heeled countrymen back home. Prices for imports bear little relation to reality. This week one mediocre German switchblade knife cost the equivalent of |80, but a Japanese camera lens was four for J100, its normal international price. "When I came from Austria 25 years ago, I earned 700 pesos and sent my daugh- ter to a private school," said one woman. That buys her. today, 12 cigarettes when available. Unemployment figures are not reliable, but it »s clear the job situation is tough. Many businesses, far from hiring new people, are simply shutting down. more. * * * TO DETERMINE a taxi fare, for example, you multiply the meter reading by 10 and add 120 per cent. But a 15-minute ride costs the black market equivalent of a dollar. Doctors at public clinics went on strike for a minimum monthly wage of 7,000 pesos ($200 at the official rate), but the lowest paid messengers at some companies negotiated salaries of almost twice that. By July, inflation for the year was in three digits and expected to top 200 per cent by December. Trade was crippled and, to face a foreign debt estimated near $1 billion, the government's currency reserves were all but finished, and credit prospects were scant. Such practices as three on a match are no longer unlucky but essential. Smokers can spend long hours looking for a shop with matches to sell. A tube of glue increased in price nine times in six months. The situation is especially galling to Argentines, once kings of the continent, who in better times lorded it over their impoverished Brazilian neighbors. Now the minimum wage is $3,400 ($100) monthly. That buys, say, one leather jack- Americans . · throughout the day Saturday, fierce 'fighting was taking place around the fort, where FNLA troops have been besieged by MPLA forces, who claimed at least one direct mortar hit on the 16th century build- Ing. . .Another battle was taking place about 'two miles east of the fort, but there was no ·Indication that the FNLA forces who cap'.lured the town of Caxito Friday had .reached the capital yet. - -MPLA troops for the first time refused 46 allow anyone on a hill near the industri- al'site which overlooks this battle area, .-saying it was "too dangerous." ' Heavy fighting was reported elsewhere .-throughout the country. ·; '.The British consulate in Luanda advised -··British residents, who are mainly busi- ::nessmen, that the consulate personnel " would be evacuated today aboard a special · flight. All Britons were urged to be "'.aboard. ·There was no indication whether the - American consulate general was planning ·', a similar special flight for the 150 American residents, including families, remain- 'ing in Angola. last 12 days! your I child's special smile can win $ 2,500 shopping spree in our store during the 41st annual Children's Photograph Contest... This week let our professional photographer take a picture of your child's special smile with portraits that con be proudly displayed in your home and also make perfect gifts for grandparents. He will take your chile's portrait at our special contest prices and will enter a duplicate picture in the contest at no extra charge. He will also take a group portrait of your child including other family members at no extra charge. Your satisfaction guaranteed from a full selection of poses. 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