The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania on January 5, 1939 · Page 4
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The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania · Page 4

Connellsville, Pennsylvania
Issue Date:
Thursday, January 5, 1939
Page 4
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PAGE FOUK. THE DMLY COtTRIER, CONNELLSVILLE, PA. THURSDAY, JANUARY 5, 1939. iatlg James J. Driscoll _ R. A. Doncgan Walter S. Stimmcl . James M. Driscoll . J. Wylle Driscoll. -President and General Manager Sccretarir and Treasurer Editor Associate Editor .Advertising and Business Manager MEMBER OF . . . _ _ . . . _ . . . _ . Audit Bureau ot Circulations' " - --: ""-Z.T. ,r ~ Pennsylvania Newspaper Publishers' Association Bureau of Advertising, A. N. P. A. - · Served by United Press and International News Service SUBSCRIPTION RATES Two cents per copy; 50 cents per month; $5 per year, or $2.50 for six months by mail II paid In advance; 12 cents per week by carrier. Entered as second class matter at the Postofflcc, Connellsville, Pa. - , THTJKSDATT EVENING, JANUARY 5, 1339 The President's Message More an analysis of conditions--at home and abroad-as influencing the welfare of Americans; less of an attempt · to dictate what shall be done to restore us to normalcy or near that much desired state--the message of the President at the opening of the 76th Congress is admitted to be one of the most forceful and one of the most eloquently phrased in his public career. ' ' The, message was a. scathing indictment of dictator-, ships and their alms, coupled with an earnest plea for patriotic devotion, of: the people of the,United States to.the ·princlpleVand institutions which made and have kept them free. In, dealing with economic problems at home there was an absence of-prejudicial utterances and a very noticeable tone of conciliation toward business. The recent agreement of the powers of Europe the President'regards as nothing more than a truce. A war that .threatened humanity Tvas averted, but "it has become in. cleaslngly clear that peace is not assured." That is because · of the greed and hate that permeates some European .-.capitals. ' - _ ~6f paramount''Interest to Americans, the President indicated, is the urgency of preparing against what he termed "the storms abroad (which) directly challenge three Institutions indispensable to Americans, now as always. The first is religion. It is the source of the other two-democracy and international'good faith." Calling upon the people to stand by the ideals enunciated by the-Prince of Peace, he deplored "an ordering of society which relegates religion, democracy and good faith" to the background, In which he will have the united support of all free Americans. While making known he. will propose more adequate armament against any moves by dictatorships affecting us, the President expressed the ^feeling "there' are many methods short of war, but stronger arid more effective than mere words, of bringing home-to aggressor governments the aggregate sentiments of our own people." Words alone carry little we'ight with . Hitlers and Mussolinis. Some methods, short of war, are necessary. HOBSON'S CHOICE! ANYTHIJTG GOES WITH TOtf KEXXEDYr _·" ., Tactics such as Lieutenant Governor Thomas -Kennedy used In the State Senate Tuesday wero successful for the time, but their reaction may have serious effects on the future of the Democratic party. We have no more love for a dictator here than across the Atlantic. Kennedy stepped - into that role, aided and abetted by somo of the repudiated Democratic leadership. To begin, he flatly defied the Supreme Court, in having Herbert S. Levla seated. The court had ordered certification, held up pending decision on an election contest. He refused to permit Republican senators-elect vote. He refused to recognize Republican appeals from his decisions. He consigned the cases of three Republicans to an uncreated committee even though there had been no contests in their districts. When'baffled Republican senators-elect moved in a block to the front of the chamber and had Judge Albert S. C. Millar of Philadelphia administer tlie oath-of- office, he refused to recognize the oath because it was not "official." He ordered the clerk not to call the names 6t r ' these Republicans and refused to listen to them when they . protested. He--had the chamber doors locked to prevent anyone getting in or out. He refused to recognize service of a Supreme Court order by a sheriff. "I'm immune," he told the officer as he ordered him to "get out." ~ Much th'at Kennedy did -was" grossly"illegal," but,'sup- ported by the Democratic coterie, he got away with It, in a limited way. The reckoning time is ahead. · Kennedy is · out of the picture. A Republican will take his place after inauguration day. A lot of the folks back home do not approve of his and his associates' methods. They will have their voice at the next election. VAILS TO ADMIT ERKOJR It is acutely disheartening to a fellow like George II. Harle to have kept every pledge he made to his constituents and then have them turn, him down when he seeks higher office. Not only did he do his full duty, but the party of which he was the leader,.and which the.voters treated i n . like manner November S. That is his defense In his- final appearance before the Legislature. , The Governor should have gone to the bottom of the difficulty in giving an accounting of his stewardship. lie fails to si;e that it was largely his foolish and futile attempts ^ to prevent a grand jury Investigation of himself and his colleagues that brought about his downfall, and that of the - party which backed his ill-starred venture. · The Governor makes an unfair attack on the State Supreme Court In his accounting when he says: : ---" "I am satisfied that if: fascism or any other form of ' despotism arises in the state and this nation, that disaster will come"abput through just such attempts .of judicial encroachment as we have witnessed here in Pennsylvania." Rather he. should have said the despotism danger lies _ in the attempts to:set at naught the supreme tribunal. Not only the National but the State Constitution sets' the · Supreme Court up as a check on the legislative and execu- . tive departments of government. Like In the struggle between the President and the United State's Supreme Court,'the people were with the Pennsylvania tribunal of last resort. * ANOTHER SPIRIT DEVIATE IUAL1ZEU Science has not been convinced of the genuineness ot the numerous psychic manifestations occupying the attention of the public in recent weeks. Table tilting and other "evidence" of the spirits at work have failed to materialize In the presence of learned men who delve into the causes. Images of a dog's head on a window of a Now York home were no more, convincing to the-sages. While thousands accepted as facts what their eyes revealed to them, the scientists got after the cause. They promptly discovered that the Images were real, but that they had been etched on the outside of the glass. Some one's scheme to fool the gullible. NEWSBEHI WASHINGTON, Jan. 5. -- Jesse I effort to have Hie Frank Murpliy ap- Joncs, keeper of the New Deal's purgatory, i otherwise known as the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, in which the only unsuspended and animated ghost has been Tommy, the lately-burned cork, Corcoran--this Mr. Jones has been dusting oft his sarcophagi quietly lor a newcomer. His excellent choice was Donald Wakeflcld Smith, rcappomted by Mr. Roosevelt last August to the National Labor Relations Board. Mr. Smith has lately been reported as hankering for a change of atmosphere, but probably not as much as Mr. Roosevelt has been hankering for It for him, since Vice-President Garner polled the Senate and found Smith could not be confirmed for his present Job. AFL opposition was too much for this John Lewis CIO man, especially when added to the conservative opposition to the whole NLRB. What's What At a Glance By CHARLES P. STEWART Central Press Columnist. WASHINGTON, Dec'. 5.--Chairman larriner S. Eccles of the Federal Reserve System's governing board, answering Senator Harry F. Byrd's xpressions of aiarm over continued 'cdcral spending of borrowed money, ays In effect that our National debt ccd not necessarily ever be paid off. If one took this to mean advocacy tdefault or repudiation It would ound rather ominous, and I suspect hat many /oik do so interpret it. The rouble with financiers (honest ones ncluded) is that they talk a jargon f their own. I.lkc most ordinary oiks I do not understand much oC it, ut 1 do have an inkling as to what Eccles is trying to say, and, in- crprcted Into words of about one syllable each, it is not so altogether idiculous. There is such a thing as a government bond with no maturity date. We haven't anything of the kind here ut two or three other countries have --notably Britain. A very few pri- 'ate companies do their borrowing 'or part of it) similarly. Their obligations bear interest and are negoti- ible. They are more like stock than they are like bonds. They do not ·cpresent loans; they represent investments. So far as private concerns arc concerned I do not tee much difference bet%veen that sort of bonds and preferred stock. But a [overnment does not sell stock in tsclf. It mny borrow on non- maturing bonds, however. A* previously remarked, Uncle Sam never has done it, but as stable a Kovernmonl us John Bull's has, and It has workec satisfactorily. These borrowings principal never will be settled for jut their interest always will be gilt- edged so long as J. Bull's solvency is iccognizcd--and whenever it is nol so recognized, nothing financial wii: be recognized any longer. Illustratively: After we had our 1933 bank holiday, the holiday was relaxed a trifle small checks could be cashed, bu considerable deposits could not be drafted out bodily, I had a peewec ot an account in a Washington bank I thought relatively reliable. I dl need a bit of ourrent small change and applied for it. "Is this all you want?" asked the teller. "We can accommodate you a bit farther." "What's the use?" was my answer "I just wont to get over the weekend. If this thing is going to b permanent, U., S. currency will no have any more value than my bank account. It i government bond i not going to tc any good, what gooi is a government greenback that yoi will hand out to me? It a govern ment bond can not pay interest, a Stccnback can not pay principal." "True," agreed the teller, shovin; out the money I had checked for. Private Borrowing. But to return to Marriner S. Eccles "Private borrowing," reasons Mar riner, "is a good thing." It is, indeed, far from desirable for an individual to run into debt irresponsibly. That's dangerous boom time psychology. If, however, the borrower wants cosh for legitimate development purposes, he is an up- builder. He is creating for the future. He piles up debts, here and there. They will be paid from time to. time. They will be perpetual, in their way. It will be an average, year by year. But the total never will be settled altogether. Now, suppose, by spells, these private investments dry up, for one reason or another. They still are outstanding, grossly speaking. If private investors only would continue to invest, all would be well--for the private investors, too. Just why private investors get balky heaven knows. But they do. Trying to stimulate them is what is known as "priming the pump." Eccles believes in it. Byrd does not. It .will be a desperately fcmght proposition at the coming session o£ Congress. STRENGTH FOR YOUR TASK By Earl L-. Douglass, D. D. All rights reserved--Babson Newspaper Syndicate. WATER OF LIFE IS ROUND ABO UT US So many people waste their time asking God to do lor them what He has already done. The opportunity to achieve their deepest desires stands right before them. The means lie at hand, yet they continue to implore God to give them the opportunity and the power to use it. A boat in the mouth of the Amazon River once sent out n call to another boat for fresh water. The Amazon is 150 miles wide at Its mouth, and the captain ot the distressed ship believed that he was surrounded by salt water. The word came back from the other boat, "Lower your buckets over the side and get all the water you want. You arc not in the ocean; you arc in the mouth of the Amazon RJver." God hns already given us power to do an radhrs number of things for ourselves which desperately need to be done. We keep asking God to help us when as a matter of fact He has al- rcudy helped us by giving us the powers by which to help ourselves. This docs not mean that we should not pray. It only means that we should change our way of praying. We should stop asking God to give us powers wo already possess and should ask instead that He stir up within us the disposition to use these powers intelligently. If we lower our buckets where we happen to be, we will discover that we are surrounded by the pure water of life which flows from the throne of God and the Lamb. The unfavorable situation has been evident inside for some time. Fanny Perkins, the Labor Secretary, hastily installed Marshall Dimock In the long-vacant post of second assistant secretary last week. This was the job Smith once had his eye on, before he was appointed to NLRB. Obviously Miss Perkins did not want the Lewis friend foisted oft on her. He would obviously rest more quietly with Jones, where all fairly good New Dealers go when they arc urged. The Hopkins Cabinet promotion was officially played as a Roosevelt amenity for n faithful friend, and has been received as such. Actually it was a necessary political maneuver, a typically Rooseveltian political stratcgcm. The President had to get Hopkins out of WPA before Congress met. Everyone knows it, including Mr. Hopkins and his friends. Some are frankly saying as much, although not loud enough for the Senate to hear. Republicans had publicly announced they were going to investigate political machinations in WPA under Hopkins. It was obvious the Democrats were going to have trouble controlling the investigation. (They still will although they now are taking the initiative.) But just as the opposition had its favorite New Deal whipping boy's shoulders bared for the lash, Mr. Roosevelt spirited him into the Commerce position of relative security. This explains why the departing Mr. Roper was given only 30 days to got out (Cummings . took six weeks); also why party men in Con- pointmcnt interpreted us a defeat o£ the liberals, but the only result so far has been a round of laughter. Both the astonishing Cabinet choices were advertised unofficially V, ahead of time to dull the surprise, and as a result there has been little critical comment. (You first read ot Frank Murphy's Attorney Generalship prospect in this spot a month ago--but not Hopkins', unfortunately.) What the schooled politicos In Congress are saying about the Cab-, inct shifts is, In a word: Murphy was not chosen to rcprc- _ sent law to Roosevelt, but to represent Roosevelt to law. So also wfth Hopkins 'and Commerce. Two new- coming Rooscvcltians thus ore replacing the old-time Democratic leaders (Cummings and Roper) in the palace inner circle. As no one has accused either of them of anything more than lack of training for their posts, congressmen are disinclined to let their blood pressures Note well (as authorities here did) that Anthony Eden, the unofficial British visitor, lost no time between the boat dock and Premier Chamberlain's official foreign office upon his arrival back in England. The notion is widespread inside that Chamberlain will yet find some way eventually to get rid of his foreign minister, Lord Halifax, and ease the unofficial traveler back into his old cabinet job. No other cabinet post would be suitable to Eden's dignity. For the present there Is Lord Halifax' dignity to be thought ot and Halifax is reported to regard it rather highly. As Others Think GOOD START (Cleveland Plain Dealer.) The Gallup poll offers an intcrest- .ng "operating report" on the Federal Fair Labor Standards Act, better known as the Wage and Hour Law. This legislation has now been in effect for two months, long enough for most Americans to learn n good deal about it. It affects directly several million ot them. Their verdict Is one of overwhelming approval, 71 per cent being for it. A favoring majority is recorded in every section, and from employers as well jis employes. Although most Republican congressmen opposed the bill when it was under consideration, the Gallup poll now shows a 51 per cent by Republicans. In the light of this sampling ot national opinion it would seem a safe prediction that Federal wage-hour legislation is here to stay. It is al:io plain that the administration ot present law has gotten oft to a good start. This does not ncccsrarily mean that there will not be troubles ahead, as there were for NRA to which the wage-hour law Is somewhat Inaccurately compared. A-large part of this initial success mny well be due to the care ot Elmer F. Andrews, national administrator to avoid the mistakes wiiich marked NRA's career. He puts the duties ol administration ahend ot the delights ot indulging a picturesque vocabulary. No dead cats fly m his office But the'system seems to work well Administrator Andrews does permit himself a forthright word concerning false reports ot wage-hour operation. Speaking recently at De- tioit, he recalled that early in November wide publicity was given by anti-New Dealers to reports tha 50,000 pecan shcllers in Texas hac been laid off because the new law's minimum of Sll a week was "too high" for the pecan trade. Explains Andrews: "Actually about 2,500 weri laid oft, and about 3,000 new positions were created in order to hold the work-week down to the minimum specified in the act." If Andrews addressing his critics on this point should say "Nuts to you," he woule seem to have justification. But drcws is no Hugh Johnson. After reading her confession, I could feel a lot more depressed over he sad fate of Anna Marie' Halm lad she only not allowed this thing f murdering people to become such : habit.' Even though I knew he w:is juiltlcss, why do you suppose a young ellow phoned that it wasn't he who cared me half to death couple Saturdays ago by recklessly driving a truck oft of Church place into Water treet, right smack in my face. One dvantagcous feature about holiday ·acations for n lot of parents is that they get on excellent, if somewhat abbreviated, college course in social niceties, table manors, home furnish- ngs and football. Modesty, no doubt, motivated Mr. R.'s failure to include n his Wednesday's congressional ummation of New Deal achievements, such national helps as his fireside chats, Mrs. R.'s commercial columns and radio broadcasts, and son James' startling versatility in all fields ot business and industry. I still don't understand ,where' those ipaniards And the amunition to shoot, soldiers to shoot it, and towns '0 bombard. I'm glad I don't own any stock in "Farley Post Offices, Inc." Let's go to press. THE JUNGLE IS THE PLACE (National Humane Review.) Jungle animals are out of place In public entertainment. We devoted space last month to thi case at Wildwood, N. J., where on of two lions, kept for a Boardwall show, escaped, put residents in a stat of terror, killed a man and was final ly shot to death by a police officer. There have been several instance of humans mauled or killed by road side zoo bears. It is useless to can't happen here. say such thing They have hap Joseph P. Kennedy will go back to London next month, but not forever. Within six months thereafter lie will be back in the U. S., and In a private business capacity, if his wishes are fulfilled. Sidelights How true it is that nows what tomorrow "one may never bring" gress have serenely. taken the switch so The White House has made some Stray Thought* By S. M. Deliver COUNSEL : Son. when questioned: "How are you today?" Remember (here Is Just one thing to *iy. No matter what your pain 01 doubt mny be. Smite at your friend and soy: "All's well with met" Laugh oft the quesuon. Don't be one of those woes. at every chance to air thcjr Son, \%hen somebody asks you how you feel Unless he's your phyfiiclan. pain conceal. For no one but ft doctor really cares About the pans', the other fellow bears. This is the truth which «very one ihould 3tnovi : No layman wanls to hear a talo ot woe. Friends ask about your health to b« polite. They want to hear jou answer: "I'm all start to crumble and com- was demonstrated recently for Dr. J. Paul Proudflt, who today leaves Connellsville to take up his residence at Washington, Pa., where he will join the staff ot McCullough Clinic. Only a few days ago--Saturday, in feet--a patient called on him as one ot the city's newest and youngest physicians. The patient wished to make connection with a young doctor who expected to be located here for at least five or six years. Dr. 3: Paul said he anticipated spending the ro- mamdcr-ot his life in Connellsville. The patient queried about the possibility ot a future connection with the clinic, knowing ot a relationship between the McCulloughs 'and Proud- fits. Dr. Proud IU said he saw no opportunity ot entering that clinic. Then Monday, two days later, - he was invited to become a member ot that staff and, believing his .greatest opportunity lay in that direction','he accepted. "I'll be back occasionally," remarked the doctor to one of his friends, "and when I come I'll bring my tennis racquet. Then, if George Soisson, Gene Floto and a fe\v others are out of town I might have a chance to be king foe a day.". pencd and can happen again. All iafcty precautions aie subject to i!ie luman factor, and the human f.ictor s fallible. Several states, notably New York, Connecticut and Pennsylvania, have wiped out numbers of roadside zoos by stringent regulations. This is not enough. With regard for public satety we should no longer-rcly on regulation ,ilone.. Positive safety can be assured only by keeping the animals awny. This would mean "the absolute end of trained animal acts, and humanitarians work and hope for just that. The place for jungle. jungle animals is the But If you plain They'll seldom stop to question you .icaln. Sml]c at your friends and hide your petty fears And save your aliments for the doctor's Factographs Cocker spaniels were first Introduced into England by the Spanish in the 17th century. They were first used to hunt the woodcock, hence their name--cocker spaniels. Springer, clumber and water spaniels later were developed from the original strain of these fine hunting dogs. Incidentally Connollsvillo tennis loses one of ils best players and supporters through removal of''Dr. Proudflt. He has twice been champion ot the Connellsville Tcnnis'As- sociatton, and In the past season was finalist, both in the club tournament and later in the open tournament conducted by the association. Defects In the State Election Code, enacted by the Legislature in 1937, may come in for revision at the current session at Harrisburg. Although not many nor major, there arc some that State Elections Bureau Director James H. Wallace would like to have altered. Wallace contends the "major" defect of the" code is the size of filing fees for nomination for minor borough and township offices. His plan Is to amend the act, reducing the tees for those offices from $20 to $1. The stiff fees, he said, resulted in a flood of "write-in" candidates who did cot care to pay $20 to file for offices that sometimes pay as little as $15 a year. Safety Sonnets GATE-CRUSHERS AT BAU. G»W-S GET/AANV A BRUISE. BUT RAILROAD CATC- CRASHERS S«T HCAOLINDS IN NBWS/ --.National Safety Council New Delhi, India's real capital, is one ot the most modern cities in the far cast. It is situated near old Delhi, which is surrounded by walls, the clly being entered by eight gateways. The king and queen of England, Gooi go and Elizabeth, keep diaries in which they write each night, are kept under lock and key. They Whisky is said to be positively dangerous when taken tor snake bite, as it st : ~iulales the heart and so speeds tha poison through the body. King George and Queen Elizabeth of England may not be addressed as "Bertie" and "Elizabeth" by any one, no matter how intimate, except rela- The capital of Alaska is Juneau-you will recall. It was so named for Joseph Juneau, who found the gold that made the region famous. Alexander Hamilton once served as a clerk in a store which is still operating. It is located in St. Croix, Virgin" Islands, West Indies. Japanese cherry trees differ from our own orchard variety in not bearing any fruit, decorative. They are merely. Another flaw in the code was the repeal of the old State laws making "macing" of public employes a criminal offense, an act which Wallace described as an "oversight." y Then there is the provision requiring constables to report for duty at the polls on election day but falling' to provide for paying the officers. Wai- | lace has not decided whether the section should be repealed or provision ' for paying the constables inserted. Various courts in the State have held L* in rulings that the constable should i be paid and the general practice has been -to allow the officer the legal stipend for his services as in former years. Persons who filed unemployment compensation claims and exhausted their benefits during the past year can't make claims in 1339 unless tbeic earnings in the interim were large enough to make them eligible again, it !s set forth by Ernest Kelly, executive director of the jobless compensation division. Earliest date for any of last year's claimants -to file' claims is one year after the first bene-" fit week,i he- ss'.d. As there is a, three-week waiting period in each benefit year before claims become payable, no person who filed a claim' \. on the first day of 1938 is entitled to '·., apply in 1839 before the last week * in January. [

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