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t llUJs FIRST AMERICAN GUN FIRED IN FRANCE Â·- - \ DAILY COURIER, CONNELLSTELLE, PA. PAGE N1NJ3 LABOR PROBLEMS OFWAR-METOBE HANDLED BY BOARD Composed of Representatives of Capital, labor and the Public. NO STRIKES OR LOCKOUTS All Disputes to Btr Settled by a GOT- crni.g Hediatun Bodr; Bight of Organizing and CollecUTe BargaU- ing Is Becogmlaei; Ifo Coercio*. This fieldpiece no r_aomewhere along the Lorraine sector, was the first American gun to hurl shells at the Teuton trenches FIRST QUARTER LOST 662,000 TONS IN ITS COKE SHIPMENTS If Maintained the Output of the TeÂ»T Wffl I'aH to 15,000,000 Tons. A LARGE APPARENT GAIN In Shipments of la*t Week; 0Â»e oi the Periodic Incidents Which Sake Beeorls Appear at Variance "RHh BJTer Shipments Grow. Prom The Weekly Courier The records of the first quarter ot 1913 show that the Connellsrllle region has fallen 662,774 tons behind the first Quarter of 1917 in its shipments of coke, or at an average of 22X060 tons per month. K that average iÂ» maintained during the remainder ot the year the annual ouxpu't will be but approximately 15000,000 tons as compared with 17 805 000 tons in 1917, or a loes of 21!00 000 tons It is inconceivable In view of present and prospective conditions, that the rate of loss occurrng during the flrst quarter will be maintained This period covered rax weeie 01 more of the seven*! winter weather exper~ ieneed in the region for the past 30 years, the effect* of which were shown by the decrease of almost 400,000 tons in th4,shipmentÂ»~oC January There was a decided Improvement in February, over January, but March tali ed to show a progreasive gain. This fact indicates the possibility that the remaining quarters may not come up to expectations In the matter of recouping the^lossea of the first quarter Such has not always heen^the experience o the previous yean. Ijut year the second quarter gained Â·400,000 tons over the flrst, bnt the tkird and fourth quarters recorded successive losses, the total of the fourth being less than that of the first, but somewhat greater than the total of the first quartet of this year The^past quarter's rocorrf month or month, compared vith 1917, is shown in the following Month 19x7 1"18 Decrease Jan-nary 1 5S9 SSS 1,141.61E SOT 269 February 125954! 113J1T9 I2C4Â«3 March 1 823187 1 134,136 138 051 crease in the aggregate tonnage ot the week. Making deduction from- the recorded rail Â·hqxnen.ts of the proportion which belonged to the earlier weeks ptroc^tction, and taking into account the delayed figures on river shipments, the movement property be- .tonging to last weeit will be fount to be just about an average ot the weeks succeeding the breakup of winter As recorded tbe shipments by rail during the week ending Saturday, March 30 aggregated 9713 cars, carrying 354988 tons, consigned as follows Dtstinatioos Car* Tons Pittabunr District 3 293 119 249 WfSt of Pittsburgh 4 8 2 3 177825 Ea.it of Connellsville 1 t!7 o7 914 Addang barge tonnage which Jn- cloded 9,2(10 tons properly belonging to the previous week, the aggregate of the week became 383 70S tons. 1st Quar 4,K1 714 J.T..3 540 CCX"74 Last week was one of the weeks, which occur Â»t intervals in the region, when the records of shipments are apparently at variance *vrth the con ditionsi Car supply wis mnch less satisfactory than iuniu; the week preceding, and in the vary nature of throgs the quantity of cote loaded and moved over flre scales would be lew. Taking the records at their tace quite the contrary is shown, the total by rail and river being 383 708 tons, or an apparent increase of 50471 toes for the week. This manifestly impossible gain, under existing conditions, s understood when it is remembered that at the Â· the week ended last COAL PRODUCTION GAINS 50,000 TONSDUR1NG THE WEEK ENDING MARCH 23 Total ef lO^MO TÂ«u Made Bally Avenge 11,000 Greater ThaÂ» Average *f Xonth of March, 1917. The report of the United States Geological Survey shows that during the week ending March 23 the production of bituminous coal including lignite and coal made Into coke was 10 572,000 tons, as compared with 10,922 000 tons during the preceding week. The average per working day was 3 828,000 tons as against 1820 000 of the earlier week and as compared with 1,729,000 tons during March, 1917 The ratio of production to present capacity declined from 7(Ui per cent In the week ended March 9 to 66.3 per cant for the week ot March 16th due in part to transportation difficulties In the east and In part to absence of orders for coal in the far west. The lack of demand for coal in the Southwest, Rocky Mountain and Pacific Coast states was even more no- Uceaible than during the previous week. Mines in these states reported a loss of 275,296 tons due to no market compared with 201,004 for the week ended 'March 9 Shipments during the week were were 191325 cars of coal carried by 123 roads and 13 040 cars of coke carried by four railroads. TO PROTECT PROPERTY 01 Railway Shippers from Theft While In Transit. Director General of Railroads McAdoo has given notice that a section for the protection of railroad property and property of shipper In transit has been established in the Division of Law to enforce rigorously the federal law against theft from cars day, March 23 there was a very large tonnage of coke which had not reach ed the scales in time to be included in the weeks total This was carried forward to the first of last week, hence the swelling of mil movement alone to 334,388 tons, as compared with the rail tonnage of 327.997" tons durng tue-^recedmg wiek Again last week s shipments figures includes 9,250 tons of river tonnage wMch belongs to the we, k preceding There was a gain of S.2CHI tons in last week's barge movement over the actual total of the prect ding week hence the apparently al normal in- operation with earners to prevent loss from this cause, which in past years has been enormous Officers and employes are grten to understand that all property being transported by the railroads is in the custody of the United States and they owe an especial duty to guard and protect the same and to report promptly any person who tampers therewith, ana the United States looks to the officers and employes to do their duty In this behalf Trite to Fitromze. Those who advertise in The Courier Daily An agreement that there shad be no strikes or lockouts during the war and a recommendation that all industrial disputes be settled by a governing mediation body are the principal provisions of a national war labor program projected by representatives of capital and labor and made public b} Secretary ot labor -Wilson The program was drawn up by afct represontative-i of capital, si*, of labor and two mui representing the public after conferences lasting more than a month The public representar uves were former President Taft and Frank P Walsh The mediation body would be known as the National War Labor Board, to be mads up as was the board that prepared the program In addition, there would be local boards in the industrial centers to deal imme- diatelv with an controversies that might arise. Principles and policies to govern the relations of workers and their emploj ers In war industries were agreed to as follows Â·There should he no strikes or lockouts during the war v The right of workers to organize in trade unions and to bargain collects ely, through chosen representatives is recognized and affirmed The right of employers to organ le In associations or i groups to bargain collectively through chosen repreenta-- ti\ ea is recognized and affirmed The employers should not discharge workers for membership In trade unions nor for legitimate trade union activities.. The workers, in the. exercise of their right to organize, shall not use coercive measures to induce persons to join their organizations, nor to induce employers to bargain or deal therewith. "In establishments where the union shop exists the same shall continue and the union standards as to wages hours ot labor and other conditions of employment shall be maintained IB establishments where union and non-union men and women work together and the employer meets only with employes or representatives engaged in sand establishments, tbe continuance of such ( condition shall not be deemed a grievance. "Established safeguards and regulations for the protection of the health and ^afctj of workers shall not be relaxed If it shall become necessary to employ women on work ordinarily performed by men, they must be allowed equal pa for eqoal work and mil it not b,- allotted tasks disproportionate to their strength. "The basic eight hour day is recognized as applying in all cases in which existing law requires it. In all other cases the question of hours of labor shall be cettled with due regard to governmental necessities and the welfare health and proper comfort of the workers " "The maximum production of all industries should be maintained and methods of work and operation on the part of employers or workers which operate to delay or limit production, or which have a tendency to artificially increase the cost thereof, should b* discontinued Tor the pu-pose of mobll zing the labor supply with a view to Its rapid and effective distribution a permanent list of the number of skilled and other workers available in different parts of the nation In fixing wages, hours and conditions of labor regard should always be had to the laBbr standards wage scale.*; and other conditions prevailing in tbe localities affected and action by tie national board in case of failure to secure settlement b local mediation and conciliation If the sincere and. determined effort of the national board shall fail to bring about a voluntary settlement, and the members of the board shail be unable unanimously to agree upon a decision then and m that case and only as n last resort an umpire appointed shall hear and finally decide the controversy The members of the board shall choose the umpire by GARAGE United States Tires are Good Tirels -- jf-r ^This Year Buy Your Tires for Long-Service Economy You must consider not only your own satisfaction in motoring, --but also the economy demanded by the nation. Both requirements are fully met by United States Tires. Unfailing reliability under all conditions, . --economy in operation by giving you the fullest use of your car, --economy in long service, --lowest cost per mile of travel. There is a type of United States Tire that exactly fits the needs of your car and your conditions of service. Let our nearest Sales and Service Depot dealer help you select the right type. Let him give you the careful and courteous service that goes with United States Tires and United States principles of doing business. 'Nobby' 'Chain' 'Royal Cord' 'Usco' 'Plain' unanimous vote Failing such choice the name of the umpiio shall be drawn by lot from a 11st of ID persona to be nominated by the President of the United States The board shall meet in the city of "Washington ' The board shall refuse to take cognizance of a controversy between employer and workers in any field of industrial or other activity where there is by agreement or 'ederal ]aw a means of settlement which bas not been invoked "The action of the board may be Invoked in respect to controversies within its jurisdiction by the secre taiy of labor or bv either side 3n a controversy or its duly authorized resentative The board afte- summary consideration miy refuse further bearing if the case is not of such character or importance to justify it TRY OUE CLASSIFIED ADLETS. le A WOED. Bell Phone 450. 218 St. dtli St. TRANSFER COMPANY General Light ard Heavy Haul mg Local and Long Distance Moving JAMES W. STRANGE Coal and Coke. Connellsnllc. Moving and Heavy Hauling TO ALL PARTS Coal Loading. Coke and Coal for Sale. FAST SERVICE DAY AND NIGHT. Get Rates. Work Carefully Done. P. B.ltESSLER, 613 McCormick Ave. Call Bell Phone 234 PATR03HZE THOSE WHO" ADVEETISEI "CAP"STUBBS IT SUKEZT TOOK A 10T OF JrEKVE I WISH I COULO THROW jjouiwtu vou TEACH /*Â£ Â· (AN YOU THROW THIS FAR 'CAP STUBBS'.