Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia on August 6, 1972 · Page 5
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August 6, 1972

Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia · Page 5

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Charleston, West Virginia
Issue Date:
Sunday, August 6, 1972
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Page 5
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SA--Auf. 6, 1972 Sim fcil CONTROLLERS AT NADGE OPERATIONAL CENTER Streaks on Console Screens Represent Planes DEFENSE Even in Peace-Crisis Is Routine At NADGE Radar Warning Center Sophisticated radar defense systems have been old hat since sunshine hit the DEW. But NATO is about to complete a $350 million computer warning system that .digests each problem presented by an intruder into allied air space and tells how to solu'e it--unth missiles or fighter planet--and hou long each "solution" twill take. It may be peacetime, but there's still a crisis every few days at NADCE. 4JEDEM, West Germany Of) -Year in and year out there's a crisis every couple of days in this dimly lit operations room, buried under 35 feet of steel, concrete and farmland in the Rhine River valley. It's not war but it seems too close for comfort. The main feature of the room is, a battery of computer consoles, each with a small round radar screen glowing bright orange and ringed with blue. Tbe screens show dozens of little streaks on a 300-mile sector of northwestern E u r o p e . Each streak is a plane in flight. Suddenly one streak stands out to the practiced eye of a young West German lieutenant. Each radar sweep--one every 12 seconds--shows the plane moving swiftly west from the direction of the Soviet Union.' AT THIS POINT it's a "zombie"-not yet identified but automatically "of special interest" because it comes from the east. The computer console is supplied with a special button labeled "zombie" ,to help throw light on the situation. The lieutenant presses buttons and flicks switches. In fractions of a second the computer digests the radar data, calculates and displays the plane's speed, altitude and course. From a zombie it now turns' into a problem, complete with an officially designated letter and number. Allied radars are watching it all over western Europe. Another lieutenant manpulates more buttons and switches. The computer displays its advice on the best "solutions." The problem can be shot down by either of two fighter plane detachments. The computer also says how iong each solution would take. TV Equipment Given to Schools A gift of $10,000 worth of black and white television equipment has been received by the Kanawha County Board of Education. A spokesman said the equipment, donated by WCHS-TV, will be used by the school system's instructional television department to produce local programs. 943 Refugees Caught Entering Hong Kong HONG KONG -(At- Police reported 1 943 refugees from China were caught illegally entering the British colony of Hong Kong during July. The figure is the highest for any single month in the past 10 years. This is peace time. The master controller--in Germany, a British or American lieutenant colonel--just disregard the advice about missiles. He can't go shooting down a plane, even a Soviet fighter plane flying over allied territory. Above the consoles a bright red sign, lit up night and day, also reminds him that the situation is "no rer-meaning that President Niton has not released nuclear weapons for use by military commanders. If there was a war on and the President had givea the release, the controller would have to choote between planes and tniiiiles, "ne ef them nuclear armed, u a'whole air fleet were attacking, .a nuclear reply might lie considered right. And he would have to choose quickly: the radar pro- vMes no more than 15 or 20 minutes warning, given the speed of modern planes. 'Against missiles the radar is no use at all. It sees them coming, but there is no time left to do anything. Peacetime problems normally involve only one plane, which may be anything from a defector to a Bulgarian airliner off its course. Usually the controller orders allied fighters into the air for a look. There is little more they are authorized to do. Standing orders say they must not fire unless, find upon. Nor may they cross into eastern Europe. · This can be the most uncomfortable moment. How far wil the intruder come over allied territory? What is he after? Win he have to be forced back? How? Usually the intruder is an East European fighter plane that soon turns and beads home. Western intelligence officers think the Soviets test western reaction in this way. Or the pilot may just be lost. So, the problem having solved itself, the controller gives the allied planes the course to return to base. Uedem is a small West German village near the Dutch border, not far from Duesseldorf. It .belongs to the great half circle of 84 allied observation centers that stretch 4,000 miles or 6,400 kilometers from northern Norway to eastern Turkey. The integrated' system of radars and computers is called NADGE, which stands for NATO Air Defense Ground Environment. WVU Pushes More Use of G.I. Bill MORGANTOWN w-West Virginia University is beginning an challenge new program to encourage more West Virginia vet* better enM of tht Vklnam war to con- their educations through ment rftht GI Bill. Then art «,000 Vietnam War veUrau in the state, but only 19.9 per cant of them haw taken advantage of their GI Bill educational benefit* compared the with ».i per cent nationally. 'Those figures represent a Md opportunity for those of *;who believe, that educated citizens are the key to West Virginia's develop- said Dr. James G. Barlow, WVU president. "The World War II GI Bill made an incredible contribution to the nation's economy by encouraging veterans - to obtain the-education and skills that vastly increased their earning power," Harlow said in a news release. Veterans eligible for such assistance must have served on active duty for a continuous period of 181 days or more, any part of which occurred after Jan. 31, 1955, and they must have been released from duty with other than a dishonorable discharge. Harlow said WVU will offer Virginia veterans free educational and vocational counseling, special admissions assistance, big-term and emergency loans and preference in renting university- owned housing. WVU also has a full-time veterans coordinator, Joe Summers, who will assist veterans in solving their problems and will arrange for special academic tutoring or counseling that is paid for by the Veterans Administration. Lower Falls Church Plans Homecoming The Lower Falls Baptist Church has scheduled a homecoming for Aug. 13 at the church. Members of all other churches are invited to the all- day affair. FAD'S cu), Sale Is A/OW o ***« ». %;vv%%», · iMM^ ^^'$$i? ' ^f ·\ AN ADDITION TOMOJICT77: SUIDE AND SUPPLE LEATHER A fresh fashion look from Mr. leather--suede and leather work together to give you this great bag with adjustable strap and inside zipper. Rome Brown, navy, or Burgundy.. .12.00 Handbags--Sfreef Floor she* m»w «m frl 9:30-«:OO, ether wtikday: 9:30-5-00 .) 340-0911 r °°

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