The Ottawa Journal from Ottawa,  on August 24, 1964 · Page 6
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August 24, 1964

The Ottawa Journal from Ottawa, · Page 6

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Monday, August 24, 1964
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Ottawa Journal Pu blurted by TtM Journal PublMhinc Co of Ottawa Ltd. 237 Quaan Sparki St., OtUwa, Ontario. MONDAY, AUGUST 24, 1964 The Flag Issue Why, Not Two Months? ' . The meeting of the party leaders Friday was not nearly the failure some political and press vultures 1 would have us believe. Mr. Pearson wants a time limit there, perhaps three weeks, Mr. Diefenbaker speaks of two months., Surely that difference caj be bridged? But it was progress that Mr. Pearson and Mr. Diefenbaker talked about giving the matter to a committee. Mr. Pearson wants a three-week time limit, there, Mr. Diefenbaker speaks of two months. Surely .that difference can be bridged? ' Mr. Pearson's three-week limit would be efficient if the committee is simply to discuss and approve the flag he has designed. But is that the objective? A . committee' should hear other suggestions with a view to agreeing in principle on one that would unite rather than divide the country. That could take three weeks but the heraldic experts would then have to provide ' samples and there 'should be decent time alloted for a fitting' conclusion to the debate so that the nation could hear talk of unity once more. Two months to find a flag that's but a heartbeat in the life of a country! Mr. Pearson and Mr. Diefenbaker are closer together than they may realize. Let them listen to the country's call for agreement rather than to the shrill reports and urgings of those who feel that conflict is the goal of politics. All Around the Ex' "I'm telling you. we've just been going around in circles! " a young girl was heard exclaiming to her friend at the Central Canada Exhibition.' Her tone of voice was: a curious mixture of annoyance and satisfaction. This is surety one of the inescapable thrills of the fair to go around in Circles, caught in the streams of humanity while the sounds, sights and smells do their best to pull one in ' several directions at once. The spirit of the new Exhibition was -cheerfully evident- even in the rain Saturday. The number of smiling facet . especially of children and parents amused by children vindicated the appropriateness of. the good ' humor -' with which Prime Minister Pearson -had officially opened the fair Friday night. . ' "'.. , The rain no doubt Jiad something to' do with the big crowds that circulated through all the buildings, and it was difficult to move for people stopped at the various exhibits. - The interest In animals, flowers, and exhibits of every sort was such that one need not' have been an optimist to detect wide agreement with Mr. Pearson's b e.l I e f that the Ex' must never lose ' tight of its agricultural reason for, being. The midway teemed to be brighter,, the' attendants better dressed, the rides newer and tome said more exciting-than in 1 other years. Business was brisk even in 'the rain,' and that is always a sure sign of public approval. As usual there was! a packed grandstand for the parade, which, teemed ' to have' extra bounce this year. One might have wished the public address announcer hadn't tried to compete with the bands going by,, or that tome officials hadn't been quite so officious in keeping the parade moving. But ' these are small things. The big thing Is that the Ex' Is back. It promises once again to be successful, after its. annual fashion., Trades 'North The Northern Affairs ' Department says cannily that when the Great Slave Lake Railway crosses the 60th Parallel on Aug. 29 it will be the furthest .North for''i railway connected with ".the- national railway eyttera." '. J.'- The important word J "connected." . The "disconnected" r a I Iwayt were numerous. At Dawson City there's a j collection of old time tteam engines' used on the little railways of the gold' valleys 60 years ago. These discarded, "lines" are a faint memory today. One. railway built at a result of the gold-discoveries in .the Yukon remains lit active service' the White. Pass and. 'Yukon Route which runt , across the ' , 60th Parallel' fronv Alaska' and used to ; be known as ' the railway owned ' in .England, operated by Americans and running most of its length in Canada. . Railways have been a bit subdued by the achievements .of aviation but there's a stirring of excitement in the ' thought that in 1965 we'll be able to go down to the station in Ottawa and buy a ticket for Great Slave Lake. - ' When the gold .rush boyt were going North in 1898 Great Stave Lake teemed 'further away than the moon doet today. eaaaMaaastMasssaaisssB(BaisssfSasMssaBSaJSBMsSi y "( " Voyageurs. 1964 That happy minded, quiet seeking group of latter-day voyageurt hat returned to civilization, to-called, aftefa .'. 400-mile paddle from Lake Winnipeg to , Hudson Bay. -The Journal It fortunate r once again to present the diary of the trip.; this time written by Mr'. Denis 1-v.' Coolican and beginning on this page today. Time was when the Hayes River and Knee Lake waterway from Hudson Bay to. lLake Winnipeg was . busy with trappers, explorers, soldiers, murderers, settlers, and patrician French and .English governors and administrators from the old lands who must have found our land and people a rough lot. But from Lake Winnipeg to York Factory (a Hudson Bay Post established by Radisson in 1685) this season's voyageurf met only one other craft of any kind and other than that saw no human beings whatever in 18 days and 400 miles except those in the settlement of Oxford House. There are trappers and fur traders at Oxford 1 House but they seem not to venture far from home base pny more. Paddle a famous water highway for 400 miles and see one craft! Tell it not in the crowded countries of this busy globe or they'll come again with their guns and lia tenets, 'using -them with equal, effect on our bush and our bodies. Meantime, who would slip away to the beyond and fry sausages amid the pines will find the diary of Mr. Coolican an easy way of doing it, with no portages. Public Money for Films? ; Before the taxpayer or the film industry can pass judgment much ex-' planation has to be added to State Secretary Lamontagne's 'bare announcement that the Government plans "to establish a loan fund for the production' of feature films of high quality jin Canada." .1. - Is it ' the intention to have a fund comparable to the publicly-owned Industrial Development Bank iwhich assists, with a small percentage of losses, the . development of industries unable Uo obtain financing elsewhere? Or is there to be an element of subsidy for commercial film-makers? The Government might be prepared to lose some money in loans if there' were other returns. Good feature films would benefit Canada's image abroad, help make the export of films balance the cost of imported films and, assist a' flourishing film industry. It can be argued that the basic principle of Government assistance to film - making has been settled: the National, Film Board land CBC are large producers now, with the help of public funds.. The Canadian way, exemplified by the railways and the airlines, is-to have both public and private organizations serve the public need. The NFB and CBC have done welt but dare anyone tay they are jhe last word in excellence -any. more than Air" Canada or the Canadian National? , ' When Mr. Lamohtagne speaks of ."feature films of high quality," doet he mean important productions comparable to those of Brltish.-Russian, Italian, French and, Swedish ttudiot which were helped by public funds? L; The private industry people say that it has not the meant to produce feature films In Canada up to the modern standard without more access to funds than it now enjoys. There has to be heavy investment In equipment and actors and comprehensive distribution arrangements have to be made. There Is an alternative to continue with the NFB, .CBC and restricted private effort, making no unified effort to stem the flood of imported celhiloid. Recognizing that alternative, Parliament can do no other than examine with open mind the Government plan, at conscious of possible benefits at pos-tiblejlosses. But Mr. Lamontagne must be more explicit . Costly' Downing Street Downing Street it an historic name in Britain but "the better Informed guides long have whispered, to tourists that the Prime Minister's house and other buildings were Jerry-built Ten years ago it wat concluded that unless major repairs were made, the buildings would simply fall down. The British taxpayer has had a few shocks since then, - , " i In I960 the estimate of overhaul costs wat (3,750.000; in 1961, S4.800.000; In 1962, $7,500,000 and in 1963, $9,000,000. In Ottawa there is an assumption that the British do- this sort of thing much better, that their estimating procedures are better and their check on spending more exact But in Downing Street the Government, granted a cost plus fixed-fee type of contract' w 1 1 h which Ottawa it . painfully familiar'; When the contractor It not pinned down to close estimating at the ' Start the public it all too often In the position of paying far more than was expected. One advantage of the Downing Street experience in Britain is the publicity given this soaring bill by the Commons Estimates Committee. More reports in Canada of the difference between estimate and final cost of various gov-ernmewf projects would be helpful here too. . Notes and Comment Sophia Loren has laid the Is "not a politician." What a waste it would be if she were! The world, it it said, wat made for man. Too bad It aometimet seems that man wasn't made for the world. Newt that the Ottawa Collegiate Board property Is worthy $50,000,000 thowt that education doesn't irt be "higher" to be high have to 4 Pv j f 7 tort mm N'R- 7 or-. The Voyageurs, whose diary begins on ihu page today, at f rout F alls, by Oxford Lake, about half way to Hudson Bay. On the left is Douglas Stevens, factor of the Hudson Bay store at Oxford House who greeted them; then, left to right, Denis Coolican, Ambassador Lovink, Blair Fraser, VUott Rodger, Omond Solandt. Sigurd Olson the sixth member of the paddling voyageurs iook the picture. 'H 1 964 Voyageurs 400 Miles by Canoe To Hudson Bay For ten years jiow a group of prominent Canadians, cell known in Ottawa, has been retracing the waterways of the early Canadian voyageurs by canoe. This year the group took a 400-mile trio from Norway House at the, top of Lake' Winnipeg up Knee Lake and the Hayes River to Hudson Bay. The diary of. (hit year's journey has been written for The Journal by Mr.. Denis Cobllcan and will appear in four instalments of which this Is the first. With Mr. Coolican. who is the Reeve lof Rock-cliffc and President of the Canadian, Bank Note Company, were Elliott Rodger, chairman of the Manitoba Liquor Commission; A. it J. Lovink, Netherlands Ambassador; Dt. O. M. Solandt. vice-president of de Havilland; Sigurd Olson, American Wild Life En mute lM. . , L HI. ........ . . ' After JS miles, we are camped In warm sunshine on the Nelson River. Campsites wonderful places that make rocks - soft enough to sH or snooze on Ideally .Include a flat rock sloping gently towards the water, plentiful stones for a fireplace, dry wood tor the fire, a soft, flat, dry .meadow behind the rock for pitching , tents with trees placed Just so for tying the tent stays. Preferably there should be view to the Northwest for the sunset and good , fishing.- .y.v , Somehow . we . seem to find ' them, not always Ideal and (sometimes Inconvenient but al-: most always a spot that In an hour and a half 1 of . unloading, tent pitching, ing. cooking and to-snd-frotng of domestic chores is transform ed into a memorable, com tort- . able habitation. By early next f ' morning, two meals and less Lk k.. ,1 1 1 grown accustomed to Its little spaces, . Its paths, Hs view and one leaves It reluctantly. At tonight's campsite, we had X. i JULY 15. visitors, a doctor and his friend making ourselves comfortable to Norway House, returning with an Indian guide ' in great good humor at our Most trip, seem to have a two- t0 Norway House from a week- good fortune. Quickly we had Istage, beginning ol which the first ia when the complete party dinner and turned in. JULY 27 Waking up"" late in a grey w, h.v iravcilitd down tha driule. we lost little time in comes together. This took place Helton to High Rock and sun- getting' into our canoes on the the. night before last when the ed up the Echimamish River upper aide of the rapids and set Ottawa group. Tony. Blair and through Hairy Lake and on. a paddling, pulling our canoes myself, were met at the Win- sUnce of about 2S m.les. It over a small beaver dam and .rnnr. . . has taken almost I hours. The small falls in the next hour and J.? wnad completely half. Eventually, we came to Enio.TOhth.dTr' for thVEchimamlsh is quite dlf- he reed, entrance of lake. iwtlT ! fro" the usual rocky. This gave rise to some mi.giv- w. r. TI I !.'. "'y of the Shield. It lR. especially as tha sky had. we spent the evening -wiWllW , now cleared and the sua-as- r'i"" " J? waSlermtZ,. paX..! pe.red- b. in th. wrong place .composing.. ;cabtt. , Tyler . y lf we were going m the right tK, f .' HnM .with alder tnd. m places, direction. We explored the lake. Li ."c " shout' two feet above the '"" ""ich ' 'o an- land as VS. Ambassador ; inW Llly wih other larger lake, neither of Yesterday we spent In Win- tign, yellow flowers , 'tspatter- which were shown on the map .-nipeg because our. plane was do,) are .long tne shore. We Prt of the Echimamish. De-grounded by weather St Nor- p,IKj many beaver ' lodges hating and discussing on . a way House. So we are starting along (he "way near tributary "findy. rocky shore we finally out a day late. Besides we have cretV. where they had built concluded that we had set out had trouble getting off the ,jim, t0 produce a small, gently morning on a tributary of water this morning so we will roarjng (af to break the calm ,h Echimamish and had gone be at Norway House much later 0f fot brown Echimamish. 'h' o"1 01 mr ,B than we expected this afternoon. w had ofl t addition, thetributary was three ' IVVf JS. in ,iry Uke, , .How. wide, miles short of where we thought Last night was our first camp- tnrt, . mne )on enlargement w ver h1l, wt mo ' site, the second stage of the o( th riv tha, eU ), Mme "'. In short, we had mis-trip's beginning. We reached It, from the tall reeds so plentiful 'h "P another late after a day of transports- ,,, iltl( of the surface Is free y. . y tkm delays that got us to Nor-. D( "Lunch" is usually By one o'clock we had retrac-way House towards suppertlme. cheese, bread or rye crisp, cold ed our morning's paddling, eat-' We left Norway House after col- sausage, fruit Juice, tea or soup en lunch and were 'back on lectmg our aluminum canoes. t i, a cool day. a bite of ,.,. . ,.., UBM , ,h. packing our food that had been chocolate. course, a little uneasy at the Very well organised by Herb Mvt u Pgresa we were; making. . Rempel of the Hudson's Bay Tody , t rely The river is made deep enough Company and dinner with him wi,n yesterday s campsite. We for PMtag In its upper part and Sergeant Bench. RCMP. It had , day ,,, (oun)( oy , mgn . ma,ie dams and was after seven when wa finally i.,, , ,m. rtpldi on, .yer dam. all three of started paddling. Tents were , (,,, , Mt Behind which we carried over during P',I,T,-J0r Jlhifi"' ,1"" lhe rock PPectors had built the afternoon. Unexpected, the an bland I about It miles from , tej .up,, for pulling canoes river ' broadens as we approach Norway House. But we had got around the rapids. Above the the source. many places away! A new life Is started. bank (here was a large, flat, there are reeds along the banks. This morning we started down tntsy ciering overgrown wt(h All afternoon we have had fa- Playgreen Lake in clear sun- mmt strawberry plants. We milies of ducks with us. the shine. By ten o'clock we were had been watching the feature- young unable to fly and the overtaken by a black thunder- less curves and banks of the mother running ahead on the storm. Trlngtng hall and river all afternoon and , seen water to distract us frpm her buckets of rain so much -that only alder and swampy fore- brood.' ' we took shelter In the woods for shore that seemed to confirm ! We have' found a rocky point an hour. At lunchtime, we dried the reporu of earlier parties about three miles short of out in sunshine and a NW wind that there were no habitable Painted Stone Portage after a (hat left another thunderstorm campsites. That we should come full day of delightful scenery growling and sprinkling In our upon such an ideal place at and sometimes futile paddling. . vicinity for much of the after- seven o'clock was almost too We ' have" progressed only 11 mum (wiu iuvr. we set 10 wont miles. , I-.- i d n: j. . rsi .. - .. 5 - - . r 1 : J V f . . ..: d Winnipeg is ISO air miles due south from Norwau House, flu distance by toater from Noncay House to ror ractory is 310-400 miles. . r.-.: :V,. Court Practice o Detriment f Accused rrM Um Ctlsvt Alkams When the Criminal Code of Canada was rewritten tome lima ago, it made legal a practice that is coming under criticism mora and more in courts across the country. The contentious practice it that of liking an accused person, if he takes the witness stand, to give evidence on hit own behalf, to affirm or deny detail! of previous convictions in hi record. The questions and their an-swers bring taut completely the past reputation and character of the accused man something that definitely should not he taken into account in making a decision on the actual jcase before the court - even i .though it Is very pertinent with regard to lenience after an accuaed person ia found guilty. A revision of the code ia definitely in order perhaps making official the practice of Great Britain where the character of an accused person can come before the court prior to a decision being made only if he himself brings it up or if he attacks the character of prosecution witness. The present Official Canadian practice is unfair iff the accused and unfair to Judges and magistrates who conscientiously try to clear, their minds of all extraneous influences ar they make their decisions on criminal cases. Short Bite From Hansard Opposition Leader , Dlefeo-baken There ia no danger of the Minister of Justice blushing over compliments about the way he has been carrying on. Of course I also say of him that he ia gracious no matter how arbitrary he may be. Dr. P. B. Rynard (Cr-Simcoe East): 1 believe many people are unaware that when the pre-' Vioui government was in office the former minister of Citizenship and Immigration, the Hon. Ellen Fairctough, refused to grant Mr. Banks ctiiienship. She did everything m her power to rectify the action of the previous government which had granted him landed status. Andrew Brewln (NDP - Toronto Greenwood): I can Imagine some of , us being unmarried and having a desire to marry 'someone we met while visiting in another country. If we Invited .them to Canada as visitors and they decided to live here, how frustrating foe she fiancee ft would be to have to return to her country of oajgin and make application lor admission to Canada. I can imagine how frustrating H must be for an individual in Canada who met and desired to marry someone from another country', having to send that individual back to the country of origin 10 make application I for citizenship. This is clearly an unsatisfactory situation, and I feel K should be loosed Into very carefully. . ' Lleyd " Francis (L Carleton): It la astonishing to me to see how many responsible people In this House, and outside K. men holding senior positions In tha press and public life, are Insisting that the constitution be blithely and fundamentally rewritten, and "are Ignoring tha rule of unanimity of the It province.', which- has been scrupulously observed at the Insistence of the province of Quebec- Has any one province the right to. think that the ule of unanimity can be waived like this because that, particular province wants to make a particular . fundamental .''constitutional revision? 25 Years Ago mm Tkt inrul f tmt. SB. last gIR NEVILLE HENDERSON. , British Ambassador to Germany, flew to Berchtesgsden to warn Hitler that the - British Government would abide by its pledge to Polsnd. . France wss mobilizing. Prime Minister W. L Mackenzie King, said the War Measures Act of 1914 was still on the statute books. - French , and British citizens and -other'' foreigners were leaving Germany. , .. v'.- ;. Rev. Alphonse , Cote, OMI, 28, ' died at Whlteflsh Uke. He was professor of philosophy and mathematics at Ottawa University. The British Board of Trade Issued, an order prohibiting the export of essential war materials. - . - , Speaking on behalf of the smaH ' neutral nations. 4. King Leopold of Belgium appealed to the world for the preservation of peace. - : '. ; ' Miss Evelyn Rows won the eight-jump-course .event St the Ottawa Horse Show. ' ' French' Press: Room For Small Changes In the Flag IE DEVOIR. Montreal: Adop-tton of Mr. Douglas' proposal that (he flag's three maple leaves be reduced to one would be a minor defeat for the prime minister, and an equally minor victory for his opponents; however. ,sny such move would widen general acceptance of the new flag because itno longer would be the choice of one man or one party, but' the choice of all parties; and the simplification of the design might well be a not entirely negligible esthetijmprove menu There's no reason why smsll changes can't be made; but starting all over again from scratch to find 4 new design is a far .different matter. The impasse rould be even greater, and it wfculd be a major defeat for the government. Moreover, the historic value of tha maple leaf makes it a superior emblem to sny other whether it's in the form of three leaves or one. ' ' Mr. Diefenbaker merely Is attempting to save the Red Ensign from oblivion and give it official, if secondary, status; : The real root of the prob lem is that the manner of proposing the flag was badly conceived, that Mr. Pearson erred in promising two flags St once, and that he added insult to injury by offering a foreign flag ss the second official emblem. The idea of symbolic commemoration of Commonwealth ties is St best s euphemism. In the Commonwealth, the Union Jack haa the advantage, over the Red Ensign, even if the British flag isn't exactly in style in some Commonwealth areas of Asia and Africa. But the real reason for the desire to hold onto one or the other of them is purelv snd simply a sign 'of the English-Canadians' attachment for their racial origin and for the Crown. If this is the view of the other nine provinces, we must acknowledge it If .we are to express our own preference for one distinctive flag that bears no symbolism of prior domination Th. t M',,4m nf Ur Pearson snd Mr. Diefenbaker are evidence the other provinces wsnt to retain some sort of recognition of Britsin, even if they accept and it appears they will e distinctive national flag. . If such a Compromise ,-is worked - out, what happens next? -The' new Canadian flag would be flown Internationally; gradually it would be-recognized as Csnada's official emblem the only one. It isn't necessary for this to happen today or tomorrow, or next week. But it's essential we get started and. once started, not to turn back. IA VOIX DE L'EST, Granny! Some people are fond of saying that Quebec's rate -of unemployment is the highest in the country, its number of bankruptcies the greatest, snd Its financial failures the biggest; but that) isn't the whole . story. Emphasis - on these sspects of conditions in Quebec without reference (o the extraordinary progress being made hers Is s distortion of the truth. Irrefutable proof of Quebec's development at . an unprecedented rate is the high leve-of investments here. Last April, for example, the premier said investment Hi the province this year a matter of some $3.3 billion would be twice, as much ss in sir the rest of Canada combined. It has been said the next-ID years will see soaring progress in Quebec That's far from being exaggerated, if we analyze over-all investment. Quebec hat-a , brilliant, future, and It will give generations to come the opportunity to play an important role In all phases of social and economic life in Canada. And this business of unemployment - snd bankruptcies, so often talked about sjow, won't even be worth mentioning. - . -., . ' a LE - NOUVEOISTE, . Three Rivers: The head of the New Democratic Party, T. C. Douglas, , made a sensational 'suggestion to tha Commons that the portion of direct taxes going to the provinces should be raised from 24- pet cent to M. By virtus of s bill brought under study recently, the provinces' share of this sort of revenue would be raised from 26 to 30 per cent. The Commons members who want to keep Quebec In' a state of subjection are paving the way for. a split between the Confederation and ourselves. The high-handed tactics being used especially on the Opposition side would by no mesne win back the confidence and loyalty of French-Canadians. It would He best for everybody to think this over before it la too late. But a suegestion tike thst of Mr. Douglas indicates that minds sre clearing 'and that It will be possible to achieve e candid agreement made in good faith between Csnada's two ethnic groups. j . V "V- . V -1 .'. V--. :.,.V,T.: 7:

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