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Saturday Section THE OTTAWA JOURNAL 35 SATURDAY. AUGUST 22, 1W 'Ottawa Valley Days' By HARRY J. WALKER .. & & - ' tfr "fr 1 M.,SK n I 4-f ifarZiy Ottawa Tram . . . l ' ' fix flJrrp". sff J PJIIIJlvJISSvry VCy n-""i i ) : - . , --vusr- Csv l-hJi ) JN ITS Victorian years in Capital could b counted on to relieve (hi pomp and pageantry ol Royal visits with something unique and native to our pioneer inheritance. So' when the Duke and Duchess of York (later King George V and Queen Mary) visited Ottawa In September 1901 the Drought has been a serious problem this Summer! About th only plants that seem to have withstood it well are th petunia around Dow Lak- Yet. by exercising' th K proper care, you can keee your gardeh going despite th worst dry periods. , 'I visited a garden recently in the Westboro area which .. ' was abundant in everything f except perhaps for a slightly yellowed lwn. Th tomatoes war easily six feet high and 'heavily (aden with fruit; the perennials and annuals were growktg as lush as in -June; in fact the whole place look-ad like an oasis in the des- - ' How was this a c c o m-plished? Just on word, the owner explained. ."Humus."' People can pour fertilizer and water on their gardens, but H won't da much good tin- . lest ample humus in the form of organic matter Is present , in th noil. For humus retains th moisture, locks tn the nutrient and prevents leaching. ' At every opportunity or-, gsnic matter tat som form oa' another is added to the soil I fas this garden. The owner has ' compost hup which Is kept . turned at frequent intervals. Every time he visits (fee woodland a bag or two of partly decomposed leaves ar . placed In th trunk of hi car for spreading over the border, and with peal moss : and vegetable peelings from the kitchen added when v r , possible, hi soil to begtentng to be a fertile as any soil can be. Of course with th usual oraugnt in jury ana nugun organic matter notwithstanding, watering ', bcomes un-. avoidable. ; When end what to watar be-comesa major problem. If e ; - period of dry weather extends to two weeks without a good . day's rain, dome plantings will need help. If at the end of the fortnight' drought yon water and then it rains you .. have done no harm except for ; little extra work. ; Decide what plants you will ' benefit most by watering and : stick to regular program for th duration of t k ' drought. Hi extra watering will . take np mock of your gar-. . dening time and add alarm- tatty to your water bill. A the drought continues, water - conservation will be an mv r ports nt consideration all , by . ItietL. ;'.- :- ' ' Your first watering should , b given to the foundation i and other plantings of trees fend shrub, for these are 4, most costly and difficult to ' rplc. Cnltlvau around each end lower the earth i urfce by drawing th soil t : 1 a alMla ftH bsswesk . arount pi vuvif w v dike. This may be filled with ; mulching material such a v peat moss. Then apply water antfl It form a kind of pool A which will seep v slowly to A root feeder or root water- 1 li-fc eevice wntca can o J bought locally lor a few dot-'i.Urs Is a vatuabl asset for watering tree end shrub. fot with H us th wfer nanetrataa tM roots tmme- tzft,. y9Ttrz "Ti vice regal landau, escorted by plumed dragoon, wa discarded lor a whole day. Initead, transportation lor a future King arid Queen was provided by street-car. . But it 'was- no ordinary treet car. It was especially built (or the occasion by the then Ottawa Electric Railway in the soif. turn on the bos i ' -Z ' V 7" A , " , - . , I tT - T J W "" 90 ZM lat'f J 1 and th. ptan. I. watered, L 'Vl ZTZ ''I'-l rX'J V "J. -V - . tLS'dLL, M-i7JLr-''J- . f7CXf By John Bird you might have to sacrifice a ,i . , " " f' -' , I 'JZs f' . t. replace tb. hedge, reae. or f - ' m A " " .A f ' ' naturallv m inla a umilnr. i w- v ."x tl. iv V t f' A mant ' stage during , h o t weather and will beat out the drought. i r During dry weather , when water is at a- premium, it t best to eliminate the anical sprinkler except where there ta" no ruri-ofl.1 T h weans hours of Standing with th hose, often during the darkness of the even I H g, swinging th nozzle back and forth to avoid run off.1 ' I would not hesitate to cut that at least W per cent of the water applied to gardens end lawns during the Sin-mer runs off the. ground and grass straight to th drain before It penetrates into the earth Itself. Try to avoid this by using temporary edging' to the beds and soil dike around such plant a tomatoes, dahlias and hedge plants. If I had to snake a deckle) as to what plant hi the garden I sheuM water k order of Importance, 1 would sayt (I the cedar hedge; -. (I) evergreen k the f ( i ()i (S) ether shrubs; (I) parosmia am vag. Last ks hnpsrtaaca weald be the annuals sad the lawn. .'. .. Ths trick of watering Is to , give a deep soaking one a eek during dry weather rather than a light sprinkling nor often. Without a mulch, however, even the best applied water soon evaporate or harden to a crust. 1 lik to ust the two together, making the lint watering thorough soaking and thi adding th mulch. Thereafter the watering, is allowed to ' soak through the m a I c V Then there is no crusting, end also no weeds to pull.' - j. - When- to stop watering? Fbr i most plants not until the Cytil ' days of late September.Artd for evergreen, not until th frost hardens the ground in late . November. A, "'J,'- Ten-Week Being Offered at RA Centre Th Civil Service RA oper-stes about H different ' recreation activities end to publicity h) very Important. The . main -media Is - the monthly "RA News." now ks Ha Urd year. Until tost month the editor was Mark Ronarn. of the Department of Fisher ie. Mr. Ronayne has now been replaced by two co-editors John R. Armstrong and A. CharW Taylor, both of th Department of Labor. These two tok torn .editing each Issue. The publicati tiofcJr ' which has : Company, through the imigV native genius of its president, Hon. Thomas Ahearn. In those day the name of "Tom Abeam was synonymous with the electrical age. Only a few years previous be had served up an entire dinner cooked by elec tricity In his car barn on Al Seguin Ferry Service An Ottawa Institution for Ever toss a dim up end-down in your hand, wondering Just how best to spend such a smalt coin in these . high priced days? Th dime can buy a cup of coffee, . a newspaper, I w e wooden pencils, and. a few, jot her small items. It will aso buy a boat ride across the Ottawa River ' perhaps the last real bargain a dime will bring around here the days. That's how much Dave Se-guin charges to Uks people ' by motortast across the I ' OS feet of water between Us ' Rockcliffe Boat House Just below the lookout and Gati-nean Point. I '.-" For tl i year old Dave runs a ferry service between these two points. He Inherited the business from his father, who got ft from his father, who. in turn, inherited It from ' his father. ' ' v rTt THE; FERRY business was established tn 187S by Jean Seauln. And ever since, there have been Seguin "rivermen" plying the Ottawa. . Journalism-Course V A, Report On RA Activities By Jack Vinokur seen its circulation Increase from s,M to 25.10 ever th year concerns itself mainly with recreation. It never deal with problem of CS pay. working conditions or . ether employee-relation matters. . Reporter and feature writer contribute their efforts en a voluntary basis. The new bert Street. A colleague o( Editon, he "had pneered in electric street railways. Just a lew years before he had conducted a party of freeloaders on the first run of Ottawa's electric street railway all the way out Bank Street to Lansdowne Park, which was then in the biishland of Nepean. But on this occasion Tom Ahearn was determined to provide something entirely different- vtht would forever 4 demarcate the Royal visit of 1 1901. He did Just that. For the Royal street-car. appropriately named "Duchess of Cornwall and York." is recalled by many older Ottawa citizens as It made It triumphal run through cheering crowd from Rideau Hall to the Chaudiere. The interior was luxurious lnwan-towatrcrptlng--nnd -upholstered swinging chairs. Out in front it even had special cow-catcher to cushion the fall of any overly enthu-j siastic citizen. At eleven o'clock on Monday' 'morning Sept.. 23, the Royal street-car majestically arrived in front of Rideau Hall gate. The first Seguin charged only a nickel to transport passengers across th river in oar powered scow. Th price increase to a di me occurred somewhere between the time the ferry wa hauled across by cabls and is present motor . powered boats. Todsy, passengers pay their dime to ride in . a craft resembling nothing so much as an over sited row boat with motor attached. There are two such boats, each capable of holding up to Jl passengers and boasting perfect ss.eij records, according to Dave. tn better days Dave recalls five such boat plying the river. ' 'j ' "Cars are killing as." he admits.. They make it so much easier and quicker to drive across on one of the bridges.. , However, business is still . brisk especially on Sundays. ' --'" ' ; A GOOD HOT Summer Sun- day can bring between and 3M customers (or, the . editor'' welcome all contributions. - " . . To encourage more would-be reporter, th' RA la sponsor-. ' tng a course la Journalism. : . R. U. Mahaffy. District Editor of The Journal and a former lecturer la Journalism at Carleton University, will offer i a II week course la "Effective Writing" at the RA Centre. The course will be held Monday evening at I o'clock, starting Sept. 2S. The fee will . be II. Registrations ar now being accepted at the RA Office. Here their Royal Highnesses and party were received by Mr. Ahearn who, after supervising their comfort, accompanied them on their lour lor the day. The car proceeded via Sussex. Rideau. Sparks. Bank. Wellington. Q u lie n Bridge (now Booth) to the corner ol Oregon, thence along a specially laid' track to. the Ottawa River a't the head of the historic timber slide, skirting Victoria Island. Here the Royal party were met by Mayor Davidson, W. C. Edwards, MP, Thomas Mackie. MP. C. Berkley Powell. MLA, A.- Lumsden. MLA. and some of the greaf" Ottawa and Valley "lumber kings" including J. R. Booth. F; Bronson, Alex Bamet. of Renfrew. Hon. Peter White of Pembroke. W.- H.- Frsier. J. C. Browne, and others of the powerful lumber fraternity who had organired a river fete and shanty reception (or the occasion. The first event was "to run" the timber slide on a crib of square timber. , There were four cribs with their crews ferry. Most are people who have been picnicking la Rock-;' ciiffe Park and who cross over to the Quebec side to alakc their thirst with beer, and do some dancing. . y Others wiM spend More to travel the river tn search of private picnic grounds. For U cents Dave will take you to Kettle Island, a large, well-treed but uninhabited Island in the middle of th Ottawa - Riverf V . . , - Fori SI cents Dave will arrange to drop you off and later pick yon up anywhere between Rideau Falls and Kettle Island, the two-and-a-half mile stretch of river covered by hit ferry licence. His right alto extend a short distance up the nearby Gatineau River. During the week the ferry service I used primarily by Gatineau Point residents to get to and from Jobs In the many embassies and legations , located tn the Rockcliffe area. .: w , THE , FERRY SERVICE while hn integral part of Dave Seguin' boathous operation. Is not hi sol means of livelh flood. Ha atorc boats, lease dock space, rent canoes and rowboats and repair boats and engines. Ip the Fall ha doe charter work for hunting parties.'. :' ',':,.':'; : Hi season, begins ' about mid April when he tows his two boathouset from their . Winter resting spots at tb mouth of the Gatineau River. , From then until the end of October be live on tb river,. Hi main boathous has two small sleeping rooms suspended In the raltars. On I for , hi mother, sirs. Ailette Seguin. who runs the boatbouse canteen with the help of two . daughter Giselle) and Judy.; The second room I for himself or on of the two regular boatmen en his stsft. Someone he to be on the premises David (are from dock. That's the other . si':' . ZZ&ZdL. H. I i W1T. "1 . I . . . was irtdy io Iske Ihe entourage" down the quarter mile chute of last water to the bay below. In the first crib were placed a party of newspaper reporters covering the (our. There were snide observations that this was intended as a sort ef-pltet crib so that if any- N Seguln accepts 10-cent patron at Rockcliffe Oatineau Point on side. By Art Man! ell 90 Years 14 hours a day to be available In thef event of a river accident. And these do happen periodically. TWO" YEARS AGO Dave made the newspapers with his part in the saving of six people who overturned their motorboat. In US Dave rescued a man clinging to an overturned canoe. He arrived on the' scene In time to see bubbles rising from below the water surface. .The rescued man's wifs had disappeared and foul play was tusoected. . The rescued man got six years in Jail for man-. slaughter.. , - But his most grisly memory Is of th time, when he was 17, when be di the lower torso of a girl floating in the water betid th boathous. It was a case of murder but Dave dotsal recall If anyone was caught, - DESPITE SUCH events. Dave is a "rtverman" by choice. He neither knows or, want any other kind of life. He wat baptlred In a boat and hat been on or around the river ever sines he. can remember. . He admits It can be a hard IK, calling for him to be out m all kinds of fout weather. But he says he couldn't be happier doing anything else. The riverman't life It else hard on his wife and his three small chijdren who live in a house In , Gatineau Point' directly across th river from the boatbouse. v ' r ! "I get to see them for a few minute each day." seyt Dave, exaggerating the situation slightly.-- As for the bargain llcent ferry (are. H't likely to remain the tarn for som rime. "It took us N year to get V thle high so 1 don't expect to boost ft i soon," says Dave. ""'r -w - 'ZXS Fit for "thing-went wrong it would only be a bunch of newtpaper scribes who would get drowned; In the (ourth crib were Sir Wilfrid and Lady Launer and a Government House party. After its brief day of glory the Royal street-car was put into service conveying tired Every season develops i t s own individuality. This one. alas, is providing many drought phenomena. In last, week's column. Miss Ruin Walker reported a Woodcock (ceding all day' in her garden in the centre of Perth. Now comes George Edwards Findlay. of Carleton Place, with a similar report and . the explanation. H writes o( "an invasion ol Woodcock, to the-spYinkled lawns in town." The reason? Mr. Findlay writes: "I imagine their usual cover and feeding grounds are dried up and they are coming to the watered lawns to feed." Woodcock live chiefly on a diet of earthworms and such, which they extract from moist earth with their long, sensitive bills. In the recent drought they appear to have bee if into' town in places such as Perth and Carleton Place in search of moist earth. They are momentarily profiting from, man't artificial Irrigation of lawns. Just at Robins have long done. I hope that thes Woodcock get cracking back in th wilds before th hunting season comes on. Recent rains should have helped. At the Frog-' pond, lor the third time in II years, our spring (or drinking water dried up early in August not toward the end of that month as hitherto. j Tip for b i r dwatchera: George Findlay writes: "The new sewage disposal lagoons at Almonte should be g o o d watching territory for waders during the migration." Taking up recent remarks on the diet of Hummingbirds,-I D, H. Piper, of Manottck. re ports, that be gets excellent observations of Hummers feeding upon scarlet runner bean tlossomiwilhm II inches of his window. Ho has noticed that occssionfsHy- the birds will go to bit tirmias "but only to the ones similar in color to the bean blossom." Certainly Hummingb I r d t will feed at any brightly colored flower with a long neck containing nectar. They go for Solomon's seal and honey-suckle (white and yellowiih); delphinium (blue): bergs mot (purple or brick red): trumpet vine (orange); yellow nasturtiums, etc. They ar after nectar, or the tiny insects 'attracted by nectar or both, as .think. However, since they are attracted first by bright color, you . will often see them momentarily go to a flower such at Hollyhock, looking for nectar but finding only pollen, and to pest on. Mr, Piper believe his Hum-mar to be the Ruby-throated. He Is 4ead right. The o n I y Hummingbirds we get locally ar of this variety, though at thlt time tn the 'season we mostly .see only the, females which lack the brilliant red throat People - wishing to attract Hummer often put out sugar m V r A. a- ) ' . ' -' ' ) . ) - II a King! civil servants to their cottages on the Britannia Line. It ended its days when it was burned during the lire of the Rockcliffe car barn. Next week our picture flashback will tell of the remainder of that evi-ntful day on the river and at the Rockcliffe shantv. (Copyright) and water in small' ( e d r pots ringed with bright colors just about any color except green or brown. J. Arndt Loa. Island Park Drive, has been havmg nightly visits Irom three Owls at his bird-bath. Thinks they are Screech Owls, from the e a r tufts and the voice, "mns thing like screech." (More like graveyard quiver ol lost souls). He's probably right, but the site he mention 12 to 14 inches 1s toobig (or Screech and too small lor our other common tufted Owl, the Great Horned. The chance of his having Long-Eared Owls it negligible. Personally. I find 1 Screech Owls delightful. w sr -. ar. Last week I mentioned how little our birds and animals appear to be disturbed by our new gasoline pump which is run only about odce a week at the frogpond. But I would be less than truthful II I did not report the animals around the shack to have become shy. for the moment, lor a v e r y different reason, While 1 was out of circulation, workmen were around the place making necessary "Improvements." Chipmunks, which usually pay little attention to us. had become scared and look about two weeks to resume their former fearlessness. (The workmen naturally regarded the tin of peanuts on the porch as human pro-- vender, not to be wasted on chipmucks). - Victoria, the grandmother of all our local groundh o g s. was always shy and virtually disappeared for a time. Out of hiding now. again. Heraclltut. a monstrously large racoon, leaves hit footprints on our driveway and dock, uses the boat landing nightly to wash food and has established his own bathroom there. But he doe not frequent th clearing round the shack at night, as of yore. Doubtless if we left out a ripe melon he. would revisit us. And as Fall comes on I ex-pact him to become mere sociable. With a few week of quiet the place should return to normal. .." .- I hilv wit wiuiin. vism iv ol a Whippoorwill calling from a rock beside our shack and am familiar with the bird's ways. Yet it remained for me to have a new experience last week, I ' )r Most observers know the "wuck'', sound with which a Whippoorwill wiH warm up or clear its throat before calling. Just before I p.m. I taw a Whippoorwill fly down beneath the front verandah, then ttsrt wucking." Me "WhtppwsrwiU" calls ensued. Instead, to the sound of mors "wucks," two other Whlppoorwillt followed apparently young bird being called in by a parent . Ll I .All kuolll.t f Ull U. (Ill WWIUIUI Since thes fir-eaters feed upon the wing. I could not fully understand the nature of. ' the exercise. Unless the per-' eat wee signalling danger. ."