The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania on January 16, 1930 · Page 9
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January 16, 1930

The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania · Page 9

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Connellsville, Pennsylvania
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Thursday, January 16, 1930
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Second Part n j Pages 9 jto 16 --~ ·· " 1 VOL. 28, NO. 56, CONNBLLSVJILTjE,. PA., THURSDAY EVENING,.,JANUARY 16, 1930. SIXTEEN PAGES. =4= Prohibition--How It Is Tenth Birthday Anniversary New U. S. Minister , I to Czechoslovakia Part IY. By THOMAS L. STOKES Uultcd Press Staff Correspondent WASHINGTON, Jan. 16--National prohibition celebrated today Its tenth birthday. Tho anniversary found the fourth Prceldont to face '.hie problem -worried by a renewed controversy among drys over the effectiveness of enfoeement after 10 years--a controversy that has pushd" prohlbitioa before tho country again as a loading issue. President Hoover deplores "dramatics" In enforcement, but dcttplte all lio cs.n do enforcement Is made dramatic and sensational because of public Interest. Tho President aitd tho Law Enfforcc-moni ConrnT.lsslon are deviling new measures i.o improvo entorcoment. From the present lusty,- nature of ·tho ·prohibition chiM, It appears President Havding'e prediction it would bp a political Issue for 30 years was; well- founded. It is even more an Issue today than It was in tho Harding administration when the "Federal Gov- tor of research for tho Association Against the Prohibition Amendment, who contends tho cost of prohibition to Federal Crovcvninent and states, including tho lost of revenue, is about ?1,000,000,000 annually. Federal agents, aloue, have killed 1S4 citizens, according to Gebhart's figures, while he claims that tho tattl of all citizens killed, some innocent and some guilty through all phases of federal, state and local enforcement during' the 10 years totals 1,000. Accordng to flgurea secured by t'ne ernment undertook the experiment o f ] United Press from the Treasury Do- Ti'iplng out tho liquor traffic. Still An Experiment. It Is still .an experiment, but a ".noble" one, in the opinion of President Hoover. He used this phrase in accepting tho nomination for a Presidential contest in which tho wet and ·dry ieeue was predominant. The Presidont pledged himself io partition! 350 persons have been .killed incident to f ((derail activity, which includes enforcement 182 citizens ami GS government agents. (lost of Enforcement Federal prohibition enforcement ir.is coot" a grand total of $2(55,475,3St for the 10 years, according to estimates of their names and their addresses. They stand today on the samo. plane as the peddler of narcotic drugs, a proper position, isinco alcohol iis scientifically a narcotic habit-form Inj; drug. Demonstrate Approval Tho popular approval of the policy ot prohibition has been demonstrated, on a national acalu, whenever the people have an opportunity to ex-press their wills through the ballot box. While" the earlier presentations of the proposed amendment Co the Conatitu-1 tion failed In Congress because they could not achieve the Constitutional i majority required, from the time o t i the submission of t'ho amendment to! the prceent each eucceaslve Congress I has contained a larger number ot sup- I porters of the prohibition policy than Us predecessor. Not only is the pres- j ent Congress, In wt\ich the wet or dry ! records of the members and their pub! He pronouncements u p o n this question ' were submitted to the voters before j election, the driest wnlch hns ever met j in Was'hing-ton, hut the open arid avowed foes of prohibition are so few in number t h a t they are practically negligible. The violations of prohibition prove no moro than is proven by violators ot other laws. No law, naturally, )« the Treasury. The prohibition bure ui j universally observed. Tho vory fact enforcement, then appointed a com-1 doubled its forces in tho 10 years. It! that there is a law is jn-lma facie evi- mtesion to investigate enforcement of j started with about 2,000 clerks and |xjj nce that there exlais in the coni- pr-ohJWtion as well as all other laws, 1 agents. The total now is 4,664 e'n- munity, state or nation, a group who . move which it appeared might bury j ployes of all classes. the Issue, at least temporarily. B u t i Nearly 20,000 prohibition cases n»w drye -would not let it stay buried long.) are pending in Federal courts await- JlWeral -weeks igo they opened fire j ing trial as soon as they can be on the commission, and then .Senator reached on the crowded dockets. M - s t Borah oC Idaho, who calls himself a of these cases luivo been pend-ng "Constitutional Prohibitionist." stlrt'ed more than a year, up a vertablo storm which promises to continue for norne time. Borah's Charges Borah charged t h a t prohibition never could bo enforced wMi the present personnel "from top to hpt- itom." thon followed this up I". 1 }' declaring that ealoone were r u n n i n g 'wide open Iu m a n y places and that Uhe diversion of i n d u s t r i a l alcohol ivaa a "national scandal." Tho tenth anniversary found President Hoover, government officials and th-e Law Enforcement Commission working fevortehly to meet the clamor with nieasuroH to improve enforcement. Drye apparently were in the ·saddle more strongly than ev-j-r. A statement of policy from t h e Law Enforcement Commission that it -would not KO into the-'merits of the 18th Amendment, con fining itaelf only to measures to improvo enforcement, Merited the Jiopen of wels who wero encouraged last July, soon a f t e r the commission began its work, by a suggestion from Chairman Georpo "VVlck- ersham, In a letter to Governor Koose- velt of New York, that somo jnodiflcn- \ tlon might Ijo necessary to solve tho problem. Chances of modification ot the law appear lees now than evo-r. The famous Senate "wot bloc" has disintegrated entirely with the disappearance of its former leaders, the f o u r won who wore ·designated by tho Anti- Saloon League as the "B-E-E-U Quartet"--Bruce, Democrat, Mary Hind, Ed- ·warda, Democrat, New Jersey, Kdge, "v Republican, Now Jersey, and Heed, Democrat, Missouri. Tho House "wet bloc" is handicapped by differences ovor procedure. There are- fewer autl- prohlbitlonlElH in Congress now than since tho amendment was adopted. "H'els Still Vociferous But the "wota" are just as vociferous as ovor, and tho drye answer back in kind. The wota claim the Jaw never "The Federal Court system," according to Prohibition Commissioner Doran "1ms carried an exceptionally heavy burden those yeara and tho wisdom of f u r t h e r enlarging it i« a de-bala policy and involves questions of policy | dealing with fundamental concepts oi i our form ot government. Wo f a c e ; those problems with a feeling t l i a l j they w i l l be solved by painstaking hi- j quirles, cool analysis, and horostl thinking." j Doraii closed t h e door absolutely j upon change of law to penult eal of liriuor again as iu the old days. TJift c o n c l u s i o n oC t l i f . ^ .sorif-x g p r o v i d e d by t h p f l t t l c m c n t n of t l c heads of t w o l e a d i n g o r j j i i u l / . i i t l o t s tin; p r o h i b i t i o n c o n t r o v ( - r M . v . r.y F. SCOTT i l p H R H i K . !. {. N u t i t i n a l S t i p r t ' i n t c n d c n t , A n ti-b'-alf on Lcoaffue of A m e r i c a . ( W r i t t e n ror U n i t e d I ' r c f s ) That National Trohiljition Iu a aic- cess can be demonstrated by rcfon nco to business conditions, health stutis- ties, or any other dl«po«Bionatc and j exact figures compiled, not by pr.pa-| gandial« but by unbiased authorltki in j these fields which so intimately aiTcct j and so clearly reveal existing c o n t l i - j tlons in our national life. Even v 1th- j mt reference to such data, howwer, j the violent assaults mado upon this | National policy by those who )avo| constituted themeolvee public upc.kos- j men for the brewers, vlntors and the- licitior trade in general, will be considered good evldenco that while the completencaa of enforcement of prohi- doe«i riot satisfy it« friends, the c o n t i n u i n g succe-ss o£ prohibition ha« greatly aggravated that d w i n d l i n g group who, for liquor, would throw u monkey-wrench into our natonal machinery. The fact that the brand of outlawry nre opposed to the thine which the law sets forth. If there were none die- posed to theft, there would be pa logical reason for laws against t'ieft. If none were disposed to kill, there would ho no lawe aijalnst murders. If none were dieposed to use .narcotic JL C. Rathesky. Boston banker, haft been named American Minister tw Czechoslovakia by President Hoover. It i« believed h« will »«· cept Mr. Ratheaky is now prcai- dent of the United States True* Company', as well a* a trustee oi Beaton University, and founder of ttoe Jlatheskjr Charity .Foundation. UntM-tiatlonBl Nownmei) habit-forming drugs, there would be no need for the Harrison Narcotic Act or tho National Prohibition Act, It is because there always exists in every human society an anti-«oclai than tho violations of the licensed liquor lav. a In tlje period before National Pr ihihitioh. Theve is nothing new aboi t tho liquor lawlessness, except the act that we are today arresting end punishing the liquor lawbreaker. The fact that such cases get oa the i -ont pages of newspapers, even iu ' h e tenth year of prohibition, is export testimony to tho startling charade of tho news in this. I y PIERRE S. DuPONT C h a t r m a i , E x e c u t i v e Committal A-BBO- ' c t t l l l r n Ag-alnst tin) Prohibition A m e n d m e n t ("VI r l t t a n for.United Press) Those who supported tho ratification of 1 IQ 18th Amendment undoubtedly ho/ ed they would succeed in stopping the use of intoxicating- bev- wagea, ut after ten years experience overybo( y doncodea that the effort lias met vcith disappointment. Rarely if ever y wo find a person, who formerly usi d liquor, now refraining le- xiuse o! respoct for t'ho law. Failure 1.o cban re tho habits of (laarly that the our people who needed guidance., and restraint compared to the great body of temperate and Belt controlled Americans. The continued rigM to use strong d r i n k met with the approval ot our people, therefore general dissatisfaction has resulted from trying to prohibit thia use by drying up all source of supply, with/out sufficient, bravery and honesty to directly prohibit purchase, possession or use of intoxl- ·cants. We' must reach the conclusion that tho people should now b given opportunity to express themselves by voting directly on tho question of liquor control. If. this is done in a. manner to make the question National, resulting laws can not suit all parts ot our very mixed population. On the other hand return of State control would permit choice of method heat suited to State conditions and perhaps to local re- ulrements within the, states. Seeks .Return of RIg-hts Tho Constitution of the United States remained for 1-10 years barren of any word of restriction upon the H may havo been ratified, meet and never did meet tho of a very large majority ot we find that the subject of ntale-wid-o prohibition hae been m bmitteri to tbo people of a)3 but tw of the states in different forms ji sd on many occasions. In the amendment, i liberties of the people. JSvery named Jiowevoi does no approve Americt on. On e: amlnation restraint woe upo'nxthe Federa! Gove r n m e n t aiming to prevent encroachment upon the righto of the stales and of tho people, ment la the first The 18th A mend- constitutional in- The -i. e, tho ·elimination of all supply of intoxicating heverages In an effort to stop tr'uaton upon individual liberty, ohief object of the amendment- year 1117 ail but nine o! the states I their use--had already been frowned and SO ,ier cent ot the population had voted f,-r law« under which intoxicating licj tor waa readily obtainable, though restriction of manufacture and sale n--t with popular approval in many, mt far from all etatoa. (jftles Dissatisfaction HcKt: ictions wero generally aimed at tho .aloon whose patrons hava always 1 aou iinder tho self-assumed group who put their own appetites or j guard!: nstiin of prohibitionists, not- greed above the common welfare'-that i wlthsti iidlng the fnct that those who It iw necessary to enact restraining! uned t? ealoone were n. great part of legislation to protect the common i tho poj illation and were quite capable ·weal. The violations of the National, of pov ^rning themselves* and their Prohibition Act are leas ' important! own aj petltos. Pew Indeed were those upon by the ptatswido vote of 1)0 per cent of tha population of the states. Nation wide dissatisfaction has resulted. In thi.M national crisis we should return to the principles ot the Declaration of Independence, of our Constitution and of tho republican form of Government guaranteed to us. Reason dictates that the people should decide whether we shall continue in a v a i n attempt to force the entire population of the United States to discontinue the consumption ot alcoholic drinks by the Indirect meana of eliminating all source of supply. -will bo enforced, the drys contend! ha^ been placed upon tho bevorage that tho 10-year Uwt has shown prohi- { Hciuor traffic is, in itself, tremondou-s bltlon fiucceseful, thouRh tlu-y admit i achievement. Long recognized t\u u there fl.ro some "weak" spots. Ernest II. Chorrington, g'onej'ai secretary of tbo World League Againat Alcoholism, claims that prohibition is contributing not less than $15,000,000,000 a year to national wealth. Deaths, he said, have been reduced 200,000 a y-ear, time saving 2,000,000 lives in ten years. Opposed to this view is that oi' John C. Gobhart, vlco-prosident and direc- evil, tho liquor traffic has boon a dominant force iu American life. "We have changed all that. Once aggressive liquor is now furtive; onco do- fUtut it is now apologetic; once iicta- torlal it Is now suppliant. The purveyors of beverage intoxicant-: no longer occupy the best cornera in our principal cities. Instead away in cellars and in They no longer aelvertlso, but hide they hide alloy- This Man Puzzled--Lost 19 Founds of Fat in 22 Wants to Know IVhero Tho Fat Went to. This man was fat--CO p o u n d s ovor- ·wcight--wanted to s(ay homo every night and nurse t!ie old arm chair-Ketting in and out of his auco was ail tho exercise ho cared for--- his desire lor any form ot activity had died yours ago. night, dear,"--hor Joy wsis uiibo'uudcd. That virile Kruschcn reeling that mcana rnoro energy--inoro vi^or-- moro ambition took poss-essum oi' liini --he look long walks t-vury day --and enjoyed tlicin. He got on the scales one n'?n!iu p , and came home with sprightly stc-ii --"eleven pounds ot tat gone" He almost hollered--he danced, a few steps with the activeiiess o£ youth--and his RISING RIVERS REGION D e v a s t a t i o n Centers About ·function of Ohio -With the Mississippi. COLD WAVE MAY CHECK TORRENTS 1HINK of having ytrar ear eerviced in one JL place! Maybe you've dreamed of gelling gas and oil, washing nnd greasing, tires and tubes, batteries and brakes attended to without wasting a lot of lime--imsaiisfactory running from one place to another. f ITieu your drea:inB have come true! 3f For we've installed Firestone One - Stop Service. And we don't hesitate to say it's the greatest forward stride ever undertaken by Hmy tire service station. We provide everything your car needs except mechanical repairs-- d« iit'better tium it*0 ever Xjieen^one before. ^e have the latent, most efficient Firestone ex uipment, tend our men areepecially trained. § Our costs are moderate. You coeldn't find h* ^tter service if yon searched tho town or paid doable. These are aitrong statements--«s sl.-ong as we know how to make them, but' di ive your car in and see for yourself how true tt ey are. . ^ And when you need tire®, i-emember we sell tl e greatest of them all --- Firestone -- the Bt ardy, reliable tires that hold all world rec- 01 ds for safety, speed, endurance and mileage. Iheii on,, n i g h t as ho rend tho eyo- w l f e dam;ed w i t h hitT1| nlng paper cheering news broke for I n 22 fl 1B u n d s Qf lllinoed , him-ho read tho story of Krnschen and u n w a n t e d f a t hfld 1ri h l m a u r t baits--what It was do.ng tor tho lat, he nlarve i cd _ alll i hla f r l c n d s Jllar . folks o£ America--tous ot thousands o f . them--'.hoy wero losing fat-~aml plenty of H. The next morahiK Mte started--ouo generous half teaspoon o£ Krusohun In a glass of hot water before breakfast--every m o r n i n g ttisj sv.nc--in a ·week he w a n t e d to walk to business --he dldn'l know why---bu:. the urg for netlvUy secraod to flood hia \vhole lining and 1m f o l l o w e d t h o nrgp. veled with him. "Where did it all go to?" he asked and no one could answer. I Kruschcn Salts drives pots-'onous j waste from tho system--it acis on 1 liver, kidneys and stomach and keeps : them id tip-top condition--It keeps ; you feeling lit and line all time. | 1,'nion Drug Co.; Scottdale iigont, j i Hottmau's Drug Store, Broadwn \-, and ' '. loadinc; druegisis America over sell His wife was. astonished' ..... delighted : K] . lls ,. llell S n l t a fo) . sf , p a b o t t l o w , ) i p i l -aud when ouo ..vesilns lu said w i t h «agcnioss ...... "Lei's fo to a show , l a s l g 4 weeks-.-AdverUseme-ut H. C, ( u Ze 2 ke 9 0 Haddock Prop. 122 West Apple Street Phone 21 By U n i t e d Press. CHICAGO, Jan. 16.--The. vast-valley of v.he Mississippi, from the Ice-locked Minnesota lakes, where the river rtsofi, almost to whore its torrent pours into tho Gulf ot Mexico, was in thr clutch of blizzards, bittoi; cold, or mM-winter floods today. Devastation, suffering and petfl. of disaster centered. In the fertile region radiating from Cairo, 111., where the Ohio empties iuto, v the Mississippi. Along- the Ohio and its tributaries roared the crest of tho angriest flood in years. The Wabash was a, sullen giant, hissing at levee tops as it raced seaward at the highest level recorded. Among the flngerling streams of Minnesota, the wrath ot the seasen'.s most furious MizKurd was felt, with hlijhwaya choked to tha love! of fence posts, rail traffic disrupted and city as well as rural schools closed. Between the focal centers of snow ai)d flood intensity, a cold wave'swept southward, sending temperatures tumbling to zero levels. Powdery snow fell over the Chicago area and blasts were roaring out of the North- w.;st, armed with part of the sting- of ti;e 35 and 40 degrees below zero temperatures prevailing on. the American steppes. The ominous roar of swollen rivers increased apprehension m states lower down on the Mississippi. Arkansas, western Tennessee, and Mississippi, whore inundated lowlands already had sont hundreds of farmers scurrying to hiEher ground, felt the full'pressuro o-' the dclugo today. Highway traffic was paralyzed in B-mtbeasteru Missouri, where the Rlaok and St. Francis rivers hud joined in tho general rampage. Indiana continued to bear the brunt o;' fhe flood's attack, with the Wabash near Vincennes spreading terror as it s'opped waves over tho top of the -'i-foot leveea and threatened to brush tUcm aside ut any moment. National guardsmen patrolled tlw l.svccs near thr Hazleton bridge across t h e White- River, after threats of farmers to duyamitc a loophole for tho t i d e and relievo pressure on the llrovoorls dam w h i c h protects t h o u sands of acres of farm lands. Citizens at Vlncennes kept vigil ,-t tho gauges', ready to flee should the i isc continue. A break in. the levees i h o r e would put the- business section under four feet of water and do Im- Mcti.sp damage. Vinecimes and the re-st of soilthern I n d i a n a , remembering th^ ?50,000,000 t o l l of t h e 1913 Hood, toiled desperately w i t h sandbags and barricades. Tho Wabash was an inch higher than It ··vas in 1011!. Farmers were waging a desperate Hat.tlo to save the levees at Deelier, ·vhere an e n t i r e t o w n s h i p lies in a V formed by the junction of the Wnbash and W h i t e rivers. Every l a r m h o i i s e in the t o w n s h i p had been a b a n d o n e d . M a n y homes In Peru were sur- ·ounded by water anl lo^'nspeoplci went about in boats. Crawleyville was 'lesorted. Oriflin, recently damaged by a t o r n a d o , was isolated. Families were in exodus from their liomes at Clinton and coal mines ·leased operations when the flood poni'od i n t o their shafts. J. H. Armlngton, U. S. meteorologist at Indiana polls, predicted tho Wabash would rist! a n o t h e r foot between. Laf a y t t i e and Terre Haute. Breaks in the levees, which allowed tho yelJow t i d e to stretch for miles over the lowlands, would prevent an even, higher level, he said. Fea'r ot f u r t h e r rainfall was diminished us the weather turned cold. Force of the- cold wave was felt to the gulf. MimiesoU'is plight, whilo less hazardous to lift) and property, caused widespread suffering. More than. 4,000 men wero attempting to- clear -vvalst- iiigb drifts from stato highways. St. J/'aul's public schools wore closed. Hundreds of men aucl 50 auowplows wei/a toiling to clear tho city streets. No le.t-u) In IUB cold was promised before next week by weather fore- j casters in Middle Wesi..ni States, WHITSETT STORE EMPLOYES GUESTS ' AT ANNUAL DINNER Mr. and Mrs. Fi'anit P. ISbbert gav» . I heir a n n u a l ' dinner in honor of tliw Federal Supply Company at AVhitsett, of w h i c h Mr. Kbbert is manager Tuee- ] day ni^lit at their home in Uniontown, Oreen and white appointments, pro- dominaled. During tiie evening Mrr Ebbert was presented with a desk set, a combined gift from the entire group. Covers at the dinner were laid for the following guests: Mr. aiid Mrs. Charles Thompson, Steve Seekel, Robert Shaffer, W. U. Manna, Lilly Bell Ervln, Leora Forsythe, Adrla Johuaou, Helen Petrusky, Bel.f'y Peters, Rose Toth, Mary Hcrspold, Mr. and Mrs, Frank Kbbert, and tlieir son, Frauk, Jr, Mrs, Kbbert had as her aides her mother, Mrs. I d e t l a Walters and sister, Miss H a n n a h Walters. Homes} Everyday you wljl find home* and j home si.toj5 fl-dViCrtifiod in our claA-ni*.) j fl«d columns--read tbem

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