Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia on July 20, 1975 · Page 5
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Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia · Page 5

Charleston, West Virginia
Issue Date:
Sunday, July 20, 1975
Page 5
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Page 5 article text (OCR)

SA Wj 20, WS A History Of State --By Mouth By Strat DMthat HUNTINGTON, W.Va. (AP) Dr. Michael Galgamo grew up in New Jersey but now spends his time hi the hills of West Virginia--trying to capture the flavor of mountain life as it was back in grandad's day. A history instructor at Marshall University, Galgano heads a project entitled, "Oral History of West Virginia." Basically, it involves talking to people about their lives. Because of the project, future historians and other interested parties will be able to get firsthand accounts of life in the mountains in the late 19th century and the early stages of the current century. "Mainly we're interested in autobiographies and in specific topics, such as mountain music, canning and farming techniques and coal mining, things like that," he said. "We presently have about 600 hours of tape in various stages. Galgano and Dr. Norman Simpkins, a Marshall anthropologist who specializes in Appalachia, initiated the project in' 1973, on a voluntary basis using Simpkins' students as interviewers. Last year, however, the university began funding the project, which this month formally entered its second year. "Our current budget is $14,000," Galgamo said. "During the winter terms 1 have a full-time secretary for transcribing the tapes and two student assistants who help with the interviewing. In the summer, there's just the secretary and me." In the past two years, the interviewers have talked with dozens of older West Virginians, including farmers, fiddlers and other mountain folk whose unique lives have been shaped by the hills and hollows around them. "Our first interview," he said, "was with Callie Barnett, a 101-year-old black woman in Huntington. So far, we haven't interviewed anyone under 65 but I'd like to branch out. I'd like to explore the black man's role in coal mining, for example, and I'm certain there will be people 50 years from now who will want to know what the children thought of the Kanawha County textbook issue...and how they felt about Buffalo Creek." Galgano said he hopes other colleges ar: ound the state-West Virginia University and Morris Harvey already have their own '. projects--will soon begin collecting the memoirs of their local citizenry. He's also encouraging county libraries to begin col- . lecting oral histories. 1 "Our tapes are kept in the Marshall li'. brary and are available to the public," he ' ; said. "They include interviews with people from all over the state. Right now, in ! fact, we're about to start interviewing in 1 the Beckley area. "You know," he added, "this really makes people come alive. These tapes are important, especially for people who have been taught they have no history worth recording." WVU Project Focuses on Land Cleared for Transmission Lines Plant Life Studied Along Transmission Line Paul Johnston (Left) and Kenneth Carvell Do Study Two Professors Tackle A Delicate Subject MORGANTOWN - Electrical transmission lines gird the nation flowing with the power for factories to operate, lights to burn, coffee pots to perk, and stereos to blare. To make all this possible, wide swaths of land must be cleared, a path between energy source and energy user. What happens to the land once it is cleared is the focus of a research project at West Virginia University. Kenneth L. Carvell, professor of forestry, and a team of WVU graduate assistants are studying the impact of repeated herbicide applications on the environment beneath transmission lines. The project is being funded by Power Research Institute. "Since our survey began, right-of-way sites in nine states have been studied," Dr. Carvell said. "We tried to pick sites to include the different types of vegetation, terrain, and climate that are typically present on electric transmission line rights-of way." In 1972, research plots were established in West Virginia, Georgia, and New Hampshire. During 1973, similar research was initiated in Minnesota, New Jersey and Oregon. And in 1974, studies were begun in California, Louisiana and Virginia. Research sites were selected on the basis of known spraying history. Detailed vegetation maps were drawn and periodic records of vegetational changes were made throughout the growing season. In addition, the sites were evaluated for aesthetic appeal and comparisons were made between right-of-way plant communities and those on adjacent, unsprayed fields. Some sites have been studied to determine their use by major game species. In 1974 songbird censuses were made in New Hampshire and West Virginia. "One key point in our study has been the absence of survey bias," Dr. Can-ell said. "We don't have any predetermined theory or idea we're trying to support. Our question is simply, "What is happening beneath transmission lines that are sprayed?' "That may sound strange since it is the electric companies who are sponsoring the study, but it's fact." he observed. "The companies are the ones to benefit through better management of right-of-way vegetation." Carvell said a number of conclusions already have been reached. It has been found that right-of-way plant communities are generally less dense and poorer in number of perennial herbs, particularly showy summer and fall wild flowers. However, spring wild flowers are equally abundant on sprayed and unsprayed areas because most of those plants live their entire life cycle during a brief period before the spraying season. "There are two basic types of spraying - selective and blanket." Dr. Carvell explained. "Plant communities on blanket- sprayed line areas are largely composed of species somewhat herbicide resistant, while selective spraying results in line areas dominated bv shrubs." "-Beautiful NO: PAIN OR OPERATION NOT: TRANSPLANT HAIRWEAVE HAIRDRAFT GUARANTEED TO LOOK MORE NATURAL THAN ANY HAIR REPLACEMENT EVER! ·It CM ke CMhcdmtf iirttd m in; frectitn «c«rehr lithoutrtmmint ·Looks and feels fleshlike scalp ·He can tii» much hair as ;iu desire Mail Coupon (or ' I Information or Consultation fe/fi ,~ ' FREE AAICACO..INC. W . _ ' \ I 1M9LPLUSHTVHIEYIID f.\ ((A\ | SEVEN HILLS. OHKW131 jipMs* L (216)524-2590 ]/ ^-sS- """« ^:J"!j5t lAMreu I City Zip Work. Play of Swkn. It Won't Come Off! i phow BETHANY, W.Va. (AP) - Two Ohio Valley professors are studying a subject sure to cause an uproar in West Virginia public schools shaken by textbook disputes -- moral education. Dr. John U. Davis of Bethany College's education department and Dr. Robert T. Hall, a sociology teacher at the College of Steubenville in Ohio, have a $39,650 grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities. Their task is to design a public school curriculum in moral education. They will work together to produce moral education materials for classroom use, training about 30 volunteer junior high and high school teachers in how to teach the subject. ' They define moral education formally as education in decision-making processes and facilitation of development of values and principles that underlie human decisions. '.'We feel there's no harm in helping students to develop a system whereby they take a situation, survey all the alternative actions and their consequences, and then make a decision," Davis explains. "If the student can explain why 'I believe in this principle,' he'll rediscover the principles of American democracy in his own reasoning." The professors say the subject can be handled without moral indoctrination. "If you look at any high school social studies textbook, you'll see that its goals are to teach justice, equality -- in short, all the basic goals of American democracy," Davis said. "Then most social studies classes proceed to deal with the facts of the situation rather than the values. "A teacher can get into a tough spot when the class discusses the case of Abraham Lincoln and the emancipation of the slaves. A teacher might say to the students, 'Under the same conditions, would you have done the same thing' "But the teacher could easily get into trouble and be accused of indoctrinating the students with his own value system," he said. In the year-old Kanawha County textbook dispute, parents contended that books used in the schools were immoral, anti-Christian and un-American. They sought education that concentrated on basics and was free of moral values. Davis and Hall said they have received tentative approval from the state Department of Education to distribute their material once developed and they might conduct statewide workshops next year. Sessions have already been presented for teachers in several Northern Panhandle counties. "Whether all this will result in better citizens, fewer broken windows, etc., we don't know," Davis said. "But we think it's worth a try." J V~ Henson Kickernick annual PANTY SALE! Now is the time to buy three pairs of panties and save! A ... Style 2142 the famous classic brief made of nylon tricot with the formula fit. Ample seat room prevents pulling or riding up. Select from White or Bisque. Sizes 4-7 REG .2.25 _ _ 5.95 Promette makes the most of stripes in these fashionable ,,: double knit dresses . . . created fust for you . . .! SALE 3 for Sizes 8-9 REG. 2.50 SALE 3 for 6.65 B. . .Style 2 133 is the body molding brief made of Antron 111* nylon crepe. There are no side seams to show. Select from White or Bisque. Sizes 4-7 REG. 2.50 . SALE 3. or jr f H 0.05 C . . . Style 2033 is like the above but comes in bikini style. Select from White or Bisque. Sizes 4-7 REG. 2.25 SAL! 3 for, 5.95 D ... Style 2054 is the tiny bikini with youthful appeal. The lace and rosebud trim add a feminine touch. Select from White and assorted colors. Sizes 4-7 REG. 2.00 S Alt 3 for 5.35 LINGERIE-Fash/on Floor TOP ... long sleeve big top dress with multi color Roman stripes. You can belt it or let it hang loose and free ... whatever your mood might be, Sizes 10-20. 38.00 BOTTOM ... short sleeve jacket dress, this too has the multi color Roman stripes that are perfect for all year wear. These colors plus the jacket will be perfect right into fall, so come in and purchase this one while they last. Sizes 10-20 42.00 MISSES DRESSES-festoon Ffoor SHO? -V.O.VDAY 4NO FRIDAY 9.30 Til 9 00 OTH- c» WEEKDAYS c-jo "Tn 5.03... OS CA.U SHOP MONDAY AND FRIDAY 9:30 711 9:00 WEEKDAYS 7115:00... 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