Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia on July 20, 1975 · Page 1
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July 20, 1975

Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia · Page 1

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Charleston, West Virginia
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Sunday, July 20, 1975
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GAZETTE-MAIL CITY EDITION WEATHER FORECAST - Rai» likely through today. Highs in the 30s and lows in the Ms. Details OB Page 4A. 35 CenU Charleston, We»t Virgi.it Suwby Monua* J«ly 20, 1975 President To Join Summit Trip to Helsinki Being Scheduled WASHINGTON UP) - President Ford will go to Helsinki, Finland, July 30-Aug. 1 to take part in the 35-nation summit meeting of the European Security Conference, it was announced Saturday. The President is expected to leave Washington by next Saturday, the trip is understood to include additional stops in Bonn, Warsaw, Bucharest and Belgrade. Mrs. Ford is expected to accompany the President on the 10-day trip. The Helsinki' trip was announced after the European Security Conference delegates finally reached an agreement Friday on the charter that the leaders of the member nations will adopt at their Helsinki meeting. The charter has been under negotiation for more than two years. The White House said in a statement issued by Press Secretary Ron Nessen that the President's presence in Helsinki "reflects our view that the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe final document, which includes declarations of political resolve and intent on a broad range of East-West issues, represents a positive step in our continuing efforts to build a more stable and productive East- West relationship." The White House has not yet issued an itinerary for Ford's trip, which will be his second visit to Europe. In late May and early June, he went to Brussels for a meeting of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, conferred in Salzburg, Austria, with Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and went on to visit Spain and,Italy. »?'. . PRESIDENT FORD, said at a meeting with his energy advisers Saturday morning that he would not be able to spend next weekend at Camp David as he will do this week, heading there later today after a round of golf. Ford may make a refueling stop in England and be met at the airport by British officials. An advance team is already in Europe making plans for the presidential trip, which has been tenatative for some weeks while the Security Conference delegates were overcoming last-minute conflicts in the charter negotiations. Ford plans to be back in Washington in time for a previously scheduled meeting there with Japanese Prime Minister Takeo Miki on Aug. 5-6. A detailed itinerary is expected to be announced by the White House as plans develop. Soviet Communist Party Chief Leonid Brezhnev us expected to be in.Helsinki, too, to join Ford and the leaders of the 33 other nations for what will be the final phase of the European Security Conference. the meeting will bring to a formal close the long negotiations and permit leaders to sign the final document that has come out of it covering a wide range of issues including troop maneuvers. Naval Plans Challenged By Pentagon By Fred S. Hoffman WASHINGTON - tf) - Challenging the admirals, Pentagon analysts contend the Navy must shift away from buying $2 billion aircraft carriers, costly escorts and sophisticated planes so it can afford a fleet big enough to protect U. S. global interests. The civilian analysts said this is in a secret report to Secretary of Defense James R. Schlesinger. He is preparing for preliminary decisions on next year's defense budget, which promises to set a new spending record of more than $100 billion. The issue arises because the Pentagon faces choices on how to start replacing the six 75,000-ton Forrestal-class supercar- riers which are well into middle age. »· "DECISIONS MADE NOW on the handling of the Forrestal bloc obsolescence It's haying time on the scablands of Washington's Columbia Plateau. The swathing, baling and hay ; hauling^^leayejuhique patterns on the landnear Max Kiner'sKII Stock Ranch mA^mira. (APWirephoto) could largely set the course for the Navy well into the next century," the analysts told Schlesinger. The Navy has about 490 warships and support vessels, its smallest fleet since before World War II. Many ships have been scrapped in recent years because they were old, inefficient and expensive to operate. The current Navy objective is to climb back to 600 ships. But the defense analysts indicated they feel the planned rate is too slow - it would reach only 508 ships by 1981 and 550 by 1984. The analysts linked the slow rate of growth to the Navy's penchant for costly, sophisticated new ships. In a memorandum to Schlesinger, Asst. Secretary of Defense Leonard Sullivan Jr. said the Navy's programs have been the "most severely affected by affordability problems" compared with the Army and Air Force. '. Sullivan acknowledged the Navy's cost problems have been intensified by a congressional requirement that all future ma'-, jor surface combatant ships must be nuclear-powered. ' However, Sullivan said the "affordability" problem stems largely "from heavy allocation of Navy resources to procurement and operation of very large carriers, sophisticated aircraft and highly capable escort ships -- all of which are considered necessary to conduct carrier operations in areas of high air threat to to carry out tactical air projection missions against strong air defenses." Sullivan's analysts agreed with the Navy that "it is clearly useful to maintain some highly capable carrier task forces which can threaten attacks on the Soviet horned land." o, By Paul Becer SPACE CENTER, Houston (AP)American and Soviet voyagers separated their space cruisers Saturday and drifted apart--ending a two-day orbital union of friendship and cooperation. "Mission accomplished!" shouted Alexei Leonov, Soyuz commander, as the American Apollo sprang free 140 miles above the Atlantic Ocean. "Good show," answered Thomas P. Stafford, the American commander. After a final partnership effort for science, the Apollo gave a short rocket burst and began a final, slow, separating drift. "THIS WAS A very good job," said one of the cosmonauts as the American craft moved away. "I see your spacecraft," said Stafford. "It is beautiful. . . very, very silver." Astronaut Vance Brand watched as the Soyuz faded and told mission control: "He's got a beacon flashing and you can see the lights very well. He's gone ahead of us and with the dark earth in the background it's just as if an airliner is going underneath us." The space linkup lasted for 47 hours and 17 minutes of high-flying friendship. The final undocking came at 11:26 a.m. and the separation rocket burst at 2:42 p.m. Stafford, Brand and Donald K. Slayton lingered near the Soyuz for a time after the last undocking, delicately guiding their Apollo craft through maneuvers for a series of experiments. Leonov and Valeri Kubasov watched as Tough Energy Policy Pushed Before Young Democrats By Skip Johnson The formation of a national energy policy which has as its hallmark "conservation the likes of which this nation has never seen before" was urged Saturday night by Sen. Gary Hart, D-Colo. Hart was the principal speaker at the state convention of the West Virginia Young Democrats, which is being held at the Daniel Boone Hotel. The policy should include, and quickly, Hart contended, the development of new sources of energy, including coal gasification, solar energy and geothermal energy. ' · »· "WE MUST NOT mortgage the future of our children and their children, however," Hart added, "by sacrificing pollution standards." He proposed that the United States not retreat from national goals to clean up its air and water. Hart, at age 37 the third youngest member of the Senate, said the nation has wallowed "for 30 years in a wilderness of endless production and unlimited use of our natural resources." See Picture on Page 9E MenpUs CbarfeftN 4 1 He said that "subdividers, developers and polluters of air and water have led an orgy of waste that has included destruction, consumption and selfishness," and that government has come to be seen as "an instrument of special interests." Anti-Inflation Plan Endorsed (C) flew York Time* Service LONDON - Without much fanfare, Prime Minister Harold Wilson's new plan to bring down the rate of inflation by restraining wages received two important endorsements last.week. Perhaps the.most sipif icant was the decision by the executive committee of the National Union of Mirieworkers to ask its 260,000 members to accept.Wilson's proposal for a limit of six pounds 6 - $13.20 a week for new wage increases negotiated after Aug. 1. The expectation in government circles was that rank-and-fite miners, who will be asked to vote by individual ballot next month, would follow the committee's advice. If they do, the prospects of a miners' strike in defiance of the new policy would appear to be greatly diminished. A second endorsement came from the leaders of the 173,000-member National Union of Jlailwaymen, who agreed at their Hart added that "in the human battle against waste and pollution, the giant multinational corporations must be made responsible to this nation'whose flag they fly." The Colorado senator called for "a new economic order of free enterprise and (Turn to Page 4A, Col. 1) the larger American craft fired beams of light at the Soviet spaceship in a study of the rarified atmosphere in space. The spaceships will gradually move further apart during the day today. Then, the Soviets will fire retrorockets to settle their craft into the embrace of earth's atmosphere. The Soyuz will parachute to a flat south central Russian plan early Monday morning. Apollo will continue its flight until Thursday. · LIKE TWO FRIENDS reluctant to part, the spaceships separated once and then came together again in a test of the docking system jointly designed by the two countries. Both undocking exercises were televised to earth from the Apollo craft. As the American ship first backed away, the Soyuz slowly receded, its solar power panels giving it the appearance of a perfectly gliding bird. Precisely firing control rocket thrusters, the men of Apollo turned their craft into a miniature eclipsing moon for the watching Soviets. The Apollo eased outward, toward the sun, casting its shadow on the Soyuz below. Leonov and Kabasov aimed a camera at the sun, using Apollo's shadow to capture photographs of the solar corona, an envelope of gases usually blocked from view by the fiery brilliance of the sun. When the craft were separated by 160 feet, the Apollo swung back to reunion. The redocking was to retest the tulip- shaped docking collar jointly designed by the two countries. This time, the Soyuz docking device was the "active" half of the system. It was cocked and ready to grasp and seal itself to the Apollo's retracted collar. The docking test, reuniting the craft after 32 minutes apart, was successful. Apollo and Soyuz were together again for about three hours--then it was time for the final parting. The Soviets unlatched the docking collar and the ships swung free. The five space voyagers, perhaps a little saddened, said little as they parted. Operating as separate ships in orbits of their own, the two space crews will perform independent science experiments. The men of Apollo will conduct earth observations, study the faint radiation from ancient and distant stars and collect information on the speeding, invisible high energy particles of solar radiation that spray with unseen violence through their craft. The two days of Soyuz and Apollo union, the first linkup in space of mankinds's two spacefaring nations, was conducted in an exhilerating atmosphere of friendship. CBS Rejects Buying Of Nixon Memoir NEW YORK - W - The president of CBS News said Saturday the network had turned aside an attempt by former President Richard M. Nixon to sell a televised memoir of his presidential years that excluded any comment on Watergate. CBS News President Richard Salant said literary agent Irving Lazar, who was representing the former president, made the approach. It did not reach the stage of a formal offer and no financial terms were discussed for the proposed telecast, be said. Salant said that "without Watergate any memoir would be incomplete. Given the fact that Watergate remains hard news, the interview would remain ineligible since we do not pay for hard news." Salant has said previously that CBS probably made a mistake in paying H.R. Haldeman, Nixon's White House chief of staff, for two interviews broadcast last March. The network was assailed at that time for "checkbook journalism" for paying Haldeman what non- CBS sources said was $100,000. The network has never confirmed the £ figure. # THE SPACEMEN shuttled back and forth between the two ships, sharing meals, exchanging gifts and beaming to earth televised views of their space fellowship. Stafford said the exercise was the dawn "of a new era in the history of man," and Leonov said it was "only the beginning of a great human journey into outer space." The men talked of their vision of the future, a new age in which men of all nations would explore distant plants and build factories in space to make unique products for a better life on earth. Apollo mission control told the astronauts that their space adventure was already touching the lives of men on earth. In a news summary read to the crew, mission control quoted the Soviet news agency Tass as reporting that a Russian worker had named his newborn twins "Apollo" and "Soyuz." "Our congratulations to the gentleman," commented Stafford. They were also told a new drink, called "the Linkup" had been introduced in a London pub. It's made of American whisky and Russian vodka with a teaspoon of fresh lime and shaken well in ice. great," »»d Brand. Slayton "Can you send one up?" BUT THEY ATTACKED what they said is the Navy's assumption "in the world of the future a high air threat could be pre-; sent in virtually any ocean area where the U. S. might be required to operate." · They contended that smaller carriers and less sophisticated ships and aircraft would be adequate to deal with such proln lems as keeping open the shipping lanes and safeguarding U. S. interests in areas such as the Middle East and Asia. · "The Soviet naval challenge to the Unit* ed States has been rising steadily in terms of over-all capabilities and geographical scope," Sullivan said. "Moreover, as U. S alliances and overseas base structure her come less reliable, U. S. naval forces will become even more important in backing up U. S. interests in disputes with powers other than the USSR. (Turn to Page 4A, Col. 1) Postal Union Eyes Contract Extension WASHINGTON (AP) -Postal union leaders said Saturday they would be will? ing to extend the contract to avoid a mai strike if satisfactory progress was mad in negotiations before the midnight Sun day deadline. : Both sides were eager to avoid a walk' out and the union leaders urged postal workers to report to work as scheduled; Monday unless they received different in-; structions from the leadership. \", See Related Story on Page 10A ; "If certain things can be accomplished by Sunday, I think the unions will agree to; a short extension of the contract," said; President Francis Filbey, of the 250,000-member American Postal Workers. Union, the largest of four involved in the; talks. · And James Lapenta, chief negotiator for; the mail handlers division of the Labor In-; ternational Union, also said an extension; would "be sensible for a day or two" if an- agreement seemed near. "Nobody wants to strike," he added. ; W. J. Usery Jr., President Ford's top labor troubleshooter, said that serious dtt-; ferences separated the parties, requiring, "hard bargaining and some tough decision that will have to be made by both sides.'" He said if it was not possible to get a settlement tonight then he was hopeful, of a preliminary agreement on which inn. ion and management negotiators "could shake hands' ; "Both sides would like very much ta reach an agreement because a strike" would have a very, very serious effect on; the economy/' he said. ; TWO MAJOR issues remaining to be settled along with the final wage package (Twn to Page 4A, Col. 5) Spotlight Always on Sunday .............................. U* Building News ................................... *D Business News ................................... 8B Classified Ads ............................. 5D-11D Columnists ............................. IB. 1D-3D Current Affairs .................................. ID Editorials .......................................... 2D Home. Family ............................. 1C-12C Magazine. .................................. 1M-24M Obituaries ......................................... 9E Page Opposite ................................... 3D. Travel .................................... -^ Bridgework ................... .£ ........ 5*

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