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"Yeah, Tom-Sure-Uh Huh- 99 FANNY SElLER-Affairs of State Not All Veil Records Nobody faults Gov. Moore for wanting to know what is going on in state government, but others in his political party kept up with the press' snooping in pubb'c records w i t h o u t keeping reporters from the records. Former Charleston Mayor Elmer Dodson initially suggested to a reporter who wanted to see who hadn't paid the city its various fees that the records on liens were on file in the courthouse. Liens are placed against the property of delinquent customers. But Dodson didn't refuse to make the city's records available when the reporter insisted. The mayor knew which records the reporter was looking at from day to day. Â» IN EXPLAINING his policy in state government, Gov. Moore said last week there's never been any direct purpose to keep the press from public records. It's just that the Governor wanted to know what was going on and for that reason the department head is essentially going to say "I'll present it to my boss." When Mines Director John Ashcraft refused to make available public records on coal mine safety, Ashcraft presented the request to the Governor's office. Then he offered to have the information worked up by his staff. But the information was given to Moore wh then made a gen- - MAIL Charlsteon, West Virginia, July 30, 1972 Page 2D Vol. 15 No. 29 It Must Not Happen Again The United States long has prided itself upon being the most civilized, most humane nation on earth. Such claims suffered a serious blow last week with the disclosure that for 40 years the U. S. Public Health Service has conducted a study in which human beings with syphilis, induced to serve as guinea pigs, have gone without medical treatment for the disease--an experiment designed to determine from autopsies what syphilis does to the human body. Even worse, when penicillin was found to be a cure for syphilis and became widely available, the drug was denied the experiment subjects at a time when its use could have helped or saved many of them. Who did the Public Health Service persuade to join in such a Dr. Strangelove experiment in medi- cine? The answer, we're afraid, can be anticipated: 600 black men, mostly poor and uneducated--400 of them with syphilis and a control group of 200 who had no syphilis and did not receive any specific therapy. And what reward did the Public Health Service offer these men as an incentive for making their sacrifice? It simply promised them free transportation to and from hospitals, free hot lunches, free medicine for any disease other than syphilis, and free burial after autopsies were performed. This is incredible in a nation that is supposed to be enlightened, and in a profession that is supposed to be dedicated to saving lives rather than destroying them. The experiment, which began in 1932, was called the Tuskegee Stress Grade, Not Muscle Joe Paterno of Penn State not only is one of the nation's foremost head football coaches but also believes that institutions of higher learning exist for purposes other than their athletic squads playing in post-season bowls. Scholarship is important to Paterno perhaps because he holds a Ph.D. in English Literature. Whatever the reason, Paterno doesn't think academic achievement is being stressed sufficiently by those universities known as the Big Four: West Virginia, Pittsburgh, Syracuse and Penn State. Recently these schools renewed and expanded their compact. But in Paterno's view the agreement leaves much tt be desired. To compel coaches to concern themselves about their athletes' study habits and scholastic pro- f Addendum, Robert Ripley! In 1807, when Robert Fulton's steamship was ferrying passengers up the Hudson to Poughkeepsie from New York City, the one-way fare was $4. Today, a round trip ticket between the two cities costs only $5. This is a believe-it-or-nct conjunct- lire and it's too bad Robert Ripley didn't live long enough to include it in his chronicle of incredible Hems. gress, Paterno advances two sensible proposals: *-Any athlete completing his athletic eligibility who didn't graduate within one extra term beyond the time he normally should graduate would cost his coach one athletic scholarship the next year. Â»*The number of football athletic scholarships allowed each Big Four university should be reduced from 100 to 95, with one additional scholarship permitted a coach for any player under his charge earning a grade average of :] point or better. Paterno's twin recommendations ought to encourage coaches to recruit athlete students instead of vice versa. They also might influence high school athletes to spend more time on their studies, Mice it became generally known that ability to throw a football or shake off a tackier wasn't the sole requirement necessary to win an athletic scholarship to a Big Four institution. What is astonishing about these suggestions is that they were promulgated by a coach, not by a university president. Is Paterno more intent upon promoting scholarship than are President James G. Harlow of West Virginia University, President Melvin A. Eggers of Syracuse University, Dr. Wesley W. Posvar of the University of Pittsburgh, and President!John W - Oswald of Paterno's own university? Study because the human guinea pigs came from Tuskegee, Ala., an area that had the highest syphilis rate in the nation at the time. Syphilis is a highly contagious infection spread by sexual contact. Ii untreated, it can cause bone and dental deformations, deafness, blindness, heart disease and deterioration of the central nervous system. It also can cause death. A 1969 study of 276 untreated syphilitics who participated in the Tuskegee Study showed that seven had died as a direct result of syphilis. Officials said they could not determine at this late date how many additional deaths had been caused by syphilis. However, of the 400 men in the original syphilitic group, 154 died of heart disease that officials said was not specifically related to syphilis--and this rate was de- cribed as identical with the rate of cardio-vascular deaths in the control, or non-syphilis group. Officials seemed to take some consolation in the fact that the Tuskegee Study contributed some knowledge about syphilis, particularly that the morbidity and mortality rate among untreated syphilitics was not so high as previously believed. But this is precious little to show for the suffering of those induced to submit to the experiment--especially those who were denied penicillin when it became available as a cure for syphilis. Most of those who initiated the experiment have long since retired. Dr. ,T. D. Millar, current chief of the venereal disease branch of the Public Health Service's Center for Disease Control in Atlanta, says he has serious doubts about the program, especially in the "serious moral problem" that arose with denial of penicillin therapy. "The study began when altitudes were much different on treatment and experimentation," said Dr. Millar. "At this point in time, with our current knowledge of treatment of the disease and the revolu- (ionary change in approach to human experimentation, I don't believe f h e program wouid be under- Uken." We would hope not. And the very least that can be done now is to foiiow the suggestion of Sen. William Proxmire in compensating the families of those men who were deluded into joining in an inhuman, almost sadistic, experiment that (contributed very little to mescal knowledge. eral release of it first to the reporter's competition newspaper. In Dodson's administration, the people who worked for him kept the mayor informed. The difference was that Dodson said to the press, there are the records. In the city's case, delinquent customers started paying as a result of the publicity. *Â· SHORTS-John E. Amos, former Democratic National committeeman, has a son-in- law who has been working on Vice President Agnew's staff for more than a year. . . An employe of a state agency quit his job, partly because he couldn't regain the confidence of Gubernatorial Assistant Norman Yost following an incident which our source said happened this way: The em- ploye was attending a meeting of the West Virginia Truck Assn. in the Civic Center the same night the Democratic party was having a party function in a separate part of the center. The Moore administration had someone check all the license numbers on the vehicles in the Civic Center parking lot and this employe was parked there. He got called- in for a meeting with Yost who accused him of leaking information to a reporter because his car was on the lot. . . Deputy Mines Director Paul Riley returned to work last week from a vacation with the first order of business being the Blacksville mine disaster. . . Gov. Moore has been wearing very colorful sports jackets to news conferences recently. . . Dr. Mildred Bateman was conspicuously absent from the news conference at which Gov. Moore announced a drug program that involved the Department of Mental Health. Others from the department were there. . . Gov. Moore turned to Kanawha County Commissioner Hoppy Shores at a news conference last week and commented that he didn't know how Hoppy came out ahead in the Gazette poll which showed Shores slightly ahead. Shores pulled out the newspaper clip from his pocket and Moore said: "I read that same newspaper. You're not safe by any means". . . Tom Winner, Democratic nominee for secretary of state, reportedly is campaigning hard day after day. He and Jay Rockefeller, the Democratic gubernatorial nominee, appear to be the only two who are campaigning hard this early in the campaign. . .Del. Charles E. "Tate" Lohr, D-Mercer, noted last week at a legislative interim committee that "accountability" is a word being heard all around the country. It means the taxpayers are demanding to know how their money is being spent. Lohr is reported to be demanding his own accountability in higher educa- ton and has the top brass sitting on the edge of their chairs. . .(When this reporter wrote the first story last year on the 1971 mine safety law being bogged do yn with problems, the top official in the United Mine Workers District 17 was questioned about it. His cooperation was no more than one per cent. . .Rockefeller people are getting reports that someone is going aound the statehouse saying certain people will be fired if Jay Rockefeller is elected. His staff thinks there's a plant. A spokesman said it's not Rockefeller or his people doing it.. The State Department of Health has had the help of celebrities in promoting 'its vaccination program. Robert Young made tape spot announcements encouraging parents to have their children immunized against rubella. As a guest columnist, Young said "One of the most valued gifts of his professional career is a plaque recently given me by the state of West Virginia." Other celebrities were Elliot Gould, Bob Newhart, Carroll O'Connor, Joanie Sommers, and Barbra Streisand who collectively produced 18 thirty-second spot announcements as a public service. Vaccination Program Coordinator Arthur Schultz said previously Arte Johnson, Don Knotts and Jerry West helped too. Health Director N. H. Dyer is pleased so many celebrities are willing to assist, Schultz said. .. A statewide organization has asked all political candidates in a questionnaire to comment in 35 words or less on what they think the number one problem is in West Virginia and what can be done to resolve it . . Some division chiefs in a large department believe telephone conversations they have with reporters are being monitored one way or another. . .Daniel "Steve" Dasovich, the vice president at Buffalo Mining Co. who suffered an emotional breakdown after the Buffalo Creek tragedy, testified in public at the Governor's Ad Hoc Commission while still under a doctor's care. . . Insiders say Jay Rockefeller listens to his staff, opponents and others and then makes his decisions. They say the misconception that he depended too much on his staff grew out of a habit to give the staff public credit for their work. The staff can now expect less public credit. . .Calvin Heck, unsuccessful candidate for the Republican nomination to the State Senate in the First District can blame the post office for being turned in to the prosecutor as a violator of election laws. On April 29, Heck mailed his pre-primary financial statement to the secretary of state's office by registered mail. The letter never arrived and Elections Division Chief Ralph Bean turned Heck over to the prosecutor. Heck sent in a second statement and a Xerox copy of the registered receipt. . .Mines Diector John Ashcraft was due to go on vacation the week of the Blacksville mine tragedy. He spent the week helping with rescue work and postponed his vacation. MARY McGRORY McGovern In a Dog's World Â©Washington Star News ing; the answer is no. WASHINGTON-Just about the only good thing that has happened to George McGovern since he won the nomination was that he got his dog to go along with him. Usually when a politician's best friend follows him, it doesn't mean a great deal. But in this dubious venture, with so many creatures refusing to budge, the fact that McGovern's Newfoundland, against his better judgment, changed his mind and boarded the campaign plane is pretty significant. The scene at the National Airport a week ago was fraught with potential mortification for a candidate who wishes to convey the impression that he is about to sweep the country. At the foot of the ramp sat Atticus, bulky, furry, black and not about to move. Frantic aides are pleading and coaxing, Atticus has taken a dislike to the conveyance. The presence of his loved one already aboard, the observation of a huge press contingent, poised to record another defection, mean noth- HIS MASTER appears at the door. A long look is exchanged. Nothing happens. Then McGovern does his thing, he comes down, he kneels beside the dissenting beast, throws an arm over his shoulder and whispers in his ear. Then he rises, turns and without a backward glance starts up the ramp. Miraculously, Atticus pads up the steps behind him. It's the biggest, and really the only victory that McGovern has won since he got the California delegation back. It was accomplished within the McGovern guidelines. No coercion, no threats, no commands. Dog-lovers noted with approval that McGovern didn't treat Atticus like a dog, which they have long known is the only way. They remember how Lyndon Johnson handled his beagles and they know Richard Nixon would have dispatched Henry Kissinger to negotiate. Anyone who ever tried to lure a cocker spaniel into a car that doesn't smell right appreciates the dimensions of the problem and McGovern's skill in reasoning with the animal. Naturally, they will want to know what McGovern said the Atticus. They will hope for full disclosure, which is the distinguishing mark of the campaign. Â»Â· IT CAN BE ASSUMED that McGovern did not give his usual rap about tax loopholes and change. Maybe he used an approach that, with a few substitutions of o p e r a t i v e words, could be adapted for use with the two-legged holdouts, who are figuratively sitting at the foot of the ramp all over the country. "Look, Atticus, we're going all the way. You better come now, because if you wait, you may be too late. You'll be all by yourself and you'll feel pretty silly. I happen to know there's a bone up there for uou. And a tennis ball, a new one, and it's all yours. When we get to South Dakota, you can chase rabbits all day. I'll take you out for a walk every night, I promise you. Have I ever lied to you?" Or maybe he just leaned close and kept whispering over and over, "Agnew, Atticus, Agnew, Agnew"--until Atticus got the message and got up. Maybe it wasn't what he said, but what he did: The personal appearance, the arm over the shoulder, the reassurance. His people like to think it showed the direction of the whole campaign. They look at A t t i c u s and see George Meany, the South, the old guard. If he can change his mind and move in the direction, so can they. George Meany, after all, doesn't think "getting there is half the fun," either. He took the train to Miami to growl about McGovern. Atticus was last week the best politician around McGovern. He may have gotten him a few votes and he kept his mouth shut, while the staff was squabbling over titles and status and the vice presidential candidate was saying some things he might have said before. Atticus may have faults. He may climb on the furniture and bark at strangers. But he came around in public when nobody else did, and if the campaign is in dog days, it certainly isn't his fault. RICHARD LEE STROUT Two-Term Nixon Forecast WASHINGTON-Suppose its Inaugural Day and President Nixon is starting his second term. What is in prospect for him, for the nation, and for the world? The inaugural address will be modest but eloquent. The lift of a driving dream will get a second burst. He will appeal for patriotic unity. Vice President Agnew, newly sworn, will be standing right behind Mr. Nixon, looking meek. When Mr. Nixon picked him to run again it was obvious the President had decided McGovern was a pushover and he didn't have to conciliate anybody. So now the struggle is won, the floats in the triumphal GOP inaugural parade are ready and the XXII Amendment forbids Mr. Nixon to run again. What will he do? First the economy. As a middle-road conservative, trying to forge a lasting coalition of the right (as Eisenhower failed to do), he must act vigorously. The budget is a mess. He will wait for his State of the Union and his economic messages. He will pledge sound finance. Mr. Nixon did that, too, in February, 1970: "I h a v e pledged to the American people that I would submit a balanced budget for 1971. This is particularly necessary because the cost of living has been rising rapidly for the past five years. The budget I send to you today. . .fulfills that pledge." That was the pledge. But Mr. Nixon had a $23 billion deficit in the fiscal year ending in June, 1971; $23 billion in fiscal 1972; an estimated $30 billion deficit next year; and maybe $40 billion in 1974. +Â· THIS RED INK just can't last. The President knows perfectly well that the demand for social services won't be halted. It could be halted, perhaps, if the poor got more money, but the gap between rich and poor in America has not diminished and, in absolute terms, has grown wider. There are 25 million below the official poverty line. Slashing welfare would bring a revolution, so there seems no alternative but higher taxes under the overall economic policies the administration has followed--big tax concessions to corporations, a reduction in the graduated income tax for the affluent, and a reluctance to close loopholes. Second term, Mr. Nixon must raise taxes. We assume this will come fairly promptly, will take the form of a nearly invisible value-added (sales') tax, and will go through a grudging Congress. The most explosive domestic problem in America is race. Mr. Nixon knows that he can't run again and wiS be tempted to do something mag- nanimous for blacks that will get into the history books. But what? His political problem is to forge a lasting coalition of blue collar ethnics, old guard conservatives, and white suburbs. Almost anything he does for the central ghettoes will alienate his allies. Besides, the big majority of the blacks voted for McGovern. We see danger in this situation. We assume Mr. Nixon will offer tax subsidies to industries that will build plants in central cities, some aid for black enterprises, and boasts about the number of blacks named to federal jobs. Also that he will stiffen the drive for "law and order." The drive for law and order may be furthered by new appointees to the Supreme Court. There are five Warren court judges left on the tribunal whose average age at the end of the President's second term will be 68. Justice Douglas is 75 this October. We think Mr. Nixon will make two more appointments. His transformation of the court is his single most important act. +Â· WE IMAGINE there will be labor trouble almost at once. Big trade union contreot; come up for negotiation ( in 1973. We think Mr. Nixon's political alliance with George Meany, the Teamsters, and others is too uneasy to last. He p a r d o n e d ex-president Jimmy Hoffa from jail and dropped his proposed anti-strike legislation which he had urgently pressed for 2% years. Once Mr. Nixon is reelected, however, there's not much that labor can do to him. That leaves foreign affairs. Here we see Mr. Nixon victorious. He will not go down in history as the first American president to lose a war. Bombing will proceed. Simultaneously America's upward productivity trend (2Va per cent a year) w i l l continue, and outlets must be aggressively sought abroad in lieu of selling the surplus goods to the poor and the blacks at home. We assume the present extraordinary concentration of industry will continue *nd will flow into multinational corporations, whose private foreign policies must be protected by a big US defense budget. Mr. Nixon's big victory will come, we assume, in Vietnam. With McGovern defeated, he will be able to save America's honor on the field of battle. It will be like the South Vietnamese recovery of Quang Tri last week. It was a great victory and Quang Tri was destroyed.