The Ottawa Journal from Ottawa,  on August 20, 1964 · Page 7
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The Ottawa Journal from Ottawa, · Page 7

Ottawa, Canada
Issue Date:
Thursday, August 20, 1964
Page 7
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t. 1- THURSDAY, AUOUST 20. 1064 THE OTTAWA JOURNAL Canada in Indochina s The Backbenchers Over fho nhvprnmonf rnnnic lumnc Bjr RICHARD JACKSON , . ' M The Journal ' To bear the angry echoes, 'nothing hss ever to riled up v Am' Government caucus at Clutenship Minister Tremb-. lay's surprise ennouncement la the Commons last Friday that the amnesty ior Illegal Chinese Inmigrants was to' and September 1. The Government Backbenchers, especially these from Montreal. Toronto and Vancouver, the cities with the big "China-Towns.' were stunned. Mr. Tremblay's second announcement, yesterday, that ' the amnesty la being prolonged, came as a direct result of the furious Backbench reaction, This was the second time.' to bear any number of Government backbenchers tell K. that they have laid down the law to. the Cabinet The first time the Backbench, la angry revolt, called the Cabinet to order. Health Minister LaMarsh because of her less-than-successful pension plan difficulties with On- - tario Premier Roberts, and Finance Minister Gordon be- ' cause of his Budget troubles, were the twin targets. . . At the time. Prime Minister , Pearson promised the private liberal MPs that from then on in, the party Caucus would kept more fully informed. In advenes, of Government plana and policies. a staff SMtltwIeM man and policies. . . ' . Centre quietly making wha: THM TIME, Mr, Tremblay he likes to term "snowbslls-e took everybody Cabinet sod for them to toe at Mr. Bacltbeocb-by surprise. Tremblay. . r 'i-iWyMwumi e . a ... . - I ''WHEN THE CAUCUS met rrCiCl Unsung 1 7 RYDE, Isle of Wight (DPI). ; ' A beggar who tang opera- ' i tie aria ta three languages joetslde a monastery at Ut ft i$ ta the' morning was - freed "after be told the Judge he wat i realy "singing far my break fast." . . r . Murray Walker. H was charged , with causing mallei- Bus damage after he woke up ' ' Benedictine Monks by singing the-arias and smashing at the door of Quart Abbey near here with his flats and a hoe. ' -At one time he opened a V window, stuck ta his head and. t shouted, "is anybody there?- ' . The aleeetng Monk scattered read called the police. "I only wanted a crust of bread and something to . , drink,'' Walker aald. A police-man testified . Walker waa "quite sober" at the time. . . S " . , ; "i ' '-I -it' r Vi ;. The Hamstrung UN Force rnwm batsi NICOSIA ' la the blaxinx - Ansmst beat af Cvnrus. when ' Creek Cypriote bombarded Turkish Cyprtot villages with 4 arullery. when Turkish Jet , planet raided Greek Cypriote, and when tt seemed that , the Cyprus civil war would at' any inometit explode Into t ,.futl war between Turkey and i .Greece, a , JJ-year-old Cana-.dlan lieutenant GUIet Cete ' ,2 from Quebec ' showed ma. a large signboard ta the cotn-v. ,tnand post of .the Canadian ' .UN troops ta the Turkish-unpaid mounUms of northern , Cyprus. Written ea R ta block , letters ta the prayer: ; i a r I "God give me the serenity I I to accept the things I cannot fchange; the courags to Changs - the things I can; and the wls-dom to know the difference." t ,,r Thai prayer ie the unofficial i snotto .of the Canadian UN I, troop and of all other UN t reops ta Cyprus. Most of alt t they need the serenity to ao -ctot whet they cannot change. . aince tneir amvai m vyprua, tbt UN troop ta their sky. . . blue caps beneath their large jjvky blue flags could change , nothing. . .'. , ' ,.-. ' ONLY OBSERVE i ' Tbey ODserv whenever i the Greeks or the Turke allow V thent to observe enythmg .'J-' and they' report Sometimes i' they tvxmst women and chlt- V dren, search for wounded ta f no man's land, and bring aeo-h crat ee n iinsn who get pinned I -down by cross fir to safety. . ....- '.-. ; Take the Cabinet ........... v....r Nobody, not even the Prime Minister, bad any dues as to the politically explosive content of his Friday Immigration statement The Impression 'had been that K would deal with routine administrative questions rather than policy. Instead, it shocked and frightened . the Chinese community ait across the country, and set the Italian. Greek and other ethnic groups to worrying If this could happen to one nationality, ' might not something equally unpleasant happen to others. The hour-long speech astonished the Cabinet for none of its members had been given an advance peek at It And U astonished the Cau cus committee on Immlgra- tion because it flew directly in the face of a resort even then being prepared by Ks chairman. Milton Klein, Liberal MP for Montreal-CarUer. , . . THE BACKBENCH attack was on two fronts: against Mr. Tretnblay for setting-off his immigration bomb-shell and against the Cabi- . net for not blowing and preventing the explosion. With Mr. Klein la the attack were7 Liberal MPs Joseph Macaluso of Hamilton West Ian Whan of , Toronto St Paul's. ..Perry Ryan of Toronto-Spadina, Stanley Basford of Vancou ver-Burrard and John Turner of Montreal St Lawrence- Cf ffmnralai aatllls BaaMartata www.a- viiui wvMiiewsvt .NiehoN on of Vancouver- missed the assault by the Mcsuencn oa tne tab met because he waa chairing that conclave of the party leaders seeking the elusive negotiated peace ta the Flag War. And Mr.' Tremblay was off on a short 'holiday.' as his office chose to can tt . Catching the brunt of the Backbench attack vu Juliet Minister Favreaa who has ' more or less been "sponsoring" Mr.' Tretnblay as a bright young Cabinet -protege.- But to hear the stffl-tndlg nant Private MPs report it they played nq favorites, but went right on "up and down the line.! giving each Cabinet Minister, in turn, hit tumps. ' The new statement of the extended amnesty for illegal immigrants kt the first result of the Backbench revolt The second, they expect In an confidence, win be a renewal by the Prime Minister of hie pledge for snore frequent and careful advance briefing by the Cabinet at caucus, of the Backbench. la the Canadian command post beside the TurkJsb-occu-ied Nicosia-Kyrenia highway the only mala highway oa the Island stiU held by the Turks and Immediately be-t aeath the Turkish occupied. ; much fought over St Hilatv x ton Castle, there are radios, ; telephones, typewtitera, .and . hundreds of typewritten, re- But really significant ts only' the prayer on the waft be- . cause all UN soldiers are . 1 powerlesti W' -T'r- - .. They 'are forbidden to shoot .unless they tbamselvts era' ?'ahot at first .; " ... They cannot disarm anybody any wiser. ,t'. ' ? . They cannot give 'arrybody any esders. : v ; And any tsenaged Greek -Cy-priot or Turkish Cyprlot Msps del. policeman" can tell them get oat of sny area, be- ' cause they ere ta his country. , PRECARIOUS POSITION - . Not the United Nations created the precarious, hate- packed cease fire after the Turkish air raids, but only these air. raids plus the fact that neither Turkey nor Greece warn war against each' other, or a third world war. The orders to cease fire came not from UN headquarters In ' the Ledra Palace ' Hotel, around which Greek . and Turkish Cypriote bias '.away with .machine gun at at each ether, after the UN Security Council had held emergency sessions, end after President Lyndon Johnson bad ' exerted heavy pressure. ' ' AJl the UN official In the A Cursed and Thankless Umpire ,:..... :A ".: i s dave Mcintosh (By The CP) After rru,tmin tJuu, BOoniimii c m r S 1 4 umpire In Indochina. Canada is getting a little fed up with iU at It has .offered to stay ea if the' 14 nations that created the truce commissions hi IsM (eel useful purpose can be served. But, as External Affairs Minister Paul' Martin told the Commons external affairs 'committee July a, -we are net anxious to carry on aa undertaking if it is thought that the operation la not useful one. And early in August he re jected a British effort to widen the responsibilities of the truce supervisory powers Canada. Indiaand Poland by having them try to get the three in ternal parties m Laos to outside the country to their differences. . How did Canada get involved In -this' situation? The associated states of Indo china Viet Nam. Cambodia and Laos were part of the old French colonial empire which began to disintegrate after the second World War, la 15 the Communist Viet- minh opened a civil war which reached tta cUatat ta the dis astrous French defeat la the battle for the fortress of Dsea- blenphu.. The Geneva conference . of MM put aa end to the war. The J4 nations Including Communist China agreed to the parUttea- mg m the area into four units: Communist North Viet Nam. non communist So at a Viet Nam, neutral Cambodia. tral Indian y FELIX BELAJR JR. to I WASHINGTON The United States Ambassador to India, Chester Bowies, says that "there Is no etarvattoa' m India and that India's current ecofsomic arobseaw are mainly symptoms of growing pains from a decade of devtt- Ia a letter to Sol VL Lino- witz. chairman of Xerox Corporatloa and bead of the National Committee for b-teruUoaat Development . Bowles commented oa re-, porta of food riots aad "starvation" oa the Asia subcontinent as well a aoar big food price and threat- cotlaps of the Indian . government -"The shortages experienced by the cities are certainly due . in part to the fact that termers are now better eft economically and caa afford to withhold more of their crop for personal use. la any cast, India 1 dealing with shortages ta certaia areas. There ta a tion,' sensational reports not withstanding." - ' . Aa for India's sjetseral economic 'situation, the ambassador said that "India is Led ra Palace Hotel were their sweating btue capped soldiers ta the battle ' For many weeks, soldiers and war atatertal from Greece and Soviet war material seat ta the Greek Cypriot ports : and taken to the Trodos trtoua tain. UN soldiers were sot "allowed to observe this. '.. The Turk landed soldiers and war material from Turkey ta north west Cyss-aa areas controlled by the Turks. But : Turkish help tor the Turkish Cyprtot was very ntucts leta thaa Greek. Egyptian aad Soviet . help for, the , Greek Cypriot. - ; -: . . The two stsat tataea-taat ; snea ta this situatioa ware and are Greek genual George Grtvas, who freat DSS antU im led the Greek Cy-prtots ' armed fight agaatet British txtionial rale, aad hi r former adjutant Pyvarpoa Gorghadjis. who saved kias-setf from the British gaUow by escaping from a British prison hospital, aad Is aew the Greek Cypriot Interior-Minister. Each at thee snea fat Infinitely more important and powerful than tahMshop Ma-karioa. ,.'- . . j TURK LEADER ' "" '" The Turkish yprkts real : leader Is tt year eld beJd-heeded, dynamic hteyw-putlrJ-daa Itaouf Denktasa, whoea the British paid very welt for his special eervice to the British Empire. Denktasa baa been hi Turkey atace laarch. Cvpnss t ssaca, Ion smart tor ' -.-., u Canada had'takaa part la the i phase of the Geneva coadeaaj dealing with Korea, and Lester) otiotnal affairs! set at be fastens Una country was willing to help .i ... N Oa Jury U. MM. the aovera- esettt received a five paragraph letter signed "Anthony Edea, V. Motets,- It was aa invitation treat the that British and Britain ass cbairnaea of the a aartkittau with Iav Poland ea the three for Viet Nam. It took the Liberal govera- of Lavas St. Leases a to make aat Its asked whether to accept, b data, i luctaatry. Jury la. bat tats often the feeling that at fetes red the trace to have been a up under the United Nations. Seventy Canadian: Array of ficers and asea are still a tag ea Insnorttna teams fa Viet Nam. Laos and Cambodia aad J taaasbert of the tarsal affairs as naiimi at at the civilian control of the The cost to tt.KO.TlS aa far. htJUJON REFUGEES Froas the start the chief prob-ieat was Viet Nam. The first main task af the there waa to oversee the far of about LSSMSt refugees nova isnrta (There was aha a refugee movemsam from Soath to North but R was small, about SJN peraoaa.) la Decesaber. ISM. in a mi nority statamint attached to the Starvation now fa a period of adjatt- after aeot-e thaa a' of solid -ocoaoardc -xrgTeaa to trbidk Um United Sutaa has conrjiouted aub- -ataatiaDy," tedta'a foot attaattoa and the recent rise kt tu food price index could he evaluated oaty ta hanortc perspective, the aaabeasador said. From 1 893 to J fHS. ho . said, food graia produclioa had tcrrsatid onty per cent while snpulstion jumped 34 per cent . , He said this sitaatioa aad been rtverasd aiace I9S1 with food grata rotjujhty 23 Saautarty. were graia had s(adi)y a- cliaed prior to astioasj la- eMisrej. tne saat rw ERRATIC WEATHER Althasght food grakt pro- ad static 1MI Issfia-s best the TWStUt of "er ratic weather" aad the tact the toaauy he-i raw out of aew acreage that could be .atiMgtrt into caltivatioa through srriaatioa, Tb offset a ataa at bat great political tales, aad Diaktssh fa now hat ha always to ha a fcg-tiaae TsTkish aohticiaa aaside Turkey- ' -. - Far Turkey. Cypres Prtat Mta- aa WOsaavtl sMst eaVCtt-ftjoty ffspfpeWt taatt) besieged Tarfctsh Cypriot.. ntaktaih ts aaar a eera ta Turkey aa start tar the Mare Turtbsh political career of this very The Twrktah ear nuaa wwre .the hsBva?aMe t-esstlt af that waa hara ta Cyswwt but task Greek sHisilny to lutnti a areseasaestal Gre-k elf er. to vary astgry aecswse the Greek Cyt-prie aat aa saat-Bart treat the Greek ear force. at aa Tartash Cryartata are that the Ttatfah ataty ;mm at tat tavadktg Cywnss. . Both pi asea that Greek Pre- avakf war wtth Turkey aa war with Greece. sTk fa the ' tregedy of she taraa aad a taw Tarksstt CywHota. or Grtvea aad Cyatlats aR a stuck swtiowal smseion. that Disal Isih could beceeae a groat eaasger to the r-aaate later ttatet twawa at taaaa Tarkey. winch veaM Iwta the 1 wort take ran awas-er at i thsrtt warkt war. - y" . commission's fourth report the Canadian delegation told bow the Communists obstructed the coat mlsaioat mobile inspection teams as they "Tried to help refugees get to South Viet Nam. Communist soldiers had been stationed in the nouses of Roman Catholics to prevent them from getting in with the commission Would - be evacuees were grouped la village churches aad the Communists tried to keep the teams from entering church grounds on the excuse that services were fat pro gress. la many cases the local clergy had beta intimidated -and. la some cases, subjected to' forced residence and im- la at stances, people .wanting to leave were physically molested by hostile crowds and sometimes dragged away be fore they had aa opportunity of meeting the team. ELECTION NEVER HELD Under the Geneva accord. North and South Viet Nam were to be reunified through general slectami ta IK. The Commo-nists obviously believed they could take over the entire country this way. and President Ngo Dinfa Dieaa of Sooth Viet Nam blocked any election. The situation hi Cambodia remained quiet during this time and there wasat serious trouble until the last year when border euarrels broke out be tween Cambodia and South Viet Nam. v By USA the situation in Laos appeared fairly stable and the commission there adjourned in definitely, at Canada'! tasist- Denied this, the country was adopting more intensive methods of cidtrvation, Bowles wrote. There was no ooubt that the present food shortage ta rciatioa ta demand and the price rises were connected. and that together they posed a major hurdle for the Indian government the ambassador suggested. . "This hurdle is not. bow-ever, wholly a product of failure but fa large degree one of success." he added. It ts aa indication that India has done as much as it caa. with its present policies, that tt has la fact reoriented aad atimulated its economy significantly, and that the time for aew departures Is at hand." ' FOSSIL PACHYDERMS AVELEY. England (CP)-Tbe fossil re at a i a s of two mam- have been found em-ht the ground hereln Essex. Experts excavating the site said they must have been there . for . at least t.K,M years. - r i. , . j B 1" R K s tnttRA-IUTIC , btawsrirt : t t 101 Visa JT22I '- r I ,. -BIRKSA ETDtMAMATlcXX Saawsfltaa'r'' j .v w4 ."V '' V '' - . v ence, on the grounds that the Communist P a t h a t Lao had ta assimilated into the na tional government as set out in the Geneva agreement But no sooner had the. com mission packed up than trouble began again. The United States, which did not sln' the Geneva agreement tried to install a rightist premier in Laos. The move backfired. The upshot was a new Geneva conference on Laos which dragged on through most of 1M1 and 1N2. Finally a new agreement was reached which- wai little, if at all, better than the ISM one. UTTLE AUTHORITY Despite the efforts of Howard Green, then Canadian external affairs minister, the revived truce commission was given little authority to arrange and oversee ceasefires among the right-wing, neutralist and Communist factions In. the state. Fighting goes on in Laos and there have been new calls, par ticularly from China and France, lor a new 14-oatton Geneva conference. Canada is no point In it but will go one is arranged. Mr. Martin i said aa agreement exists and that the main thing is for the parties to live up to it Canada regards Viet Nam as the key to the Southeast Asia situation. It feels there can be no peace in Laos as long as the North Vietnamese use Communist-conquered eastern Laos as a military supply route to South Viet Nam. After an election failed to materialize in ISM the Communist guerrillas opened a civil war In South Viet Nam and this war has gradually mounted in fury. The U.S. military buildup in South Viet Nam began in De cember, 1M1. Id 1962 the com mission criticized both the U.S. and North Viet Nam, Washing ton Tor Its arms buildup, and the Communists for directing Viet Cong subversion In the south. t - DELEGATES BICKER There was frequent bickering' among the Canadian, Indian and Polish delegates. Mr. Mar tin told the Commons commit AT 195 DOWN and '55 PER MONTH... tee July I that '"lack of collaboration from time to lime" by India and Poland had made an already difficult assignment more difficult Constant Polish t siding with the Communists made unani mous findings by the commis sion all but impouible. And by and large, the Canadians haven't had much use for the sometimes tortured attempts by the Indians to steer a middle course, although time attempts-tended to decrease after China's invasion of northern India. By May this year the Canadian government was ' talking more and more bluntly about the situation. After France sug- east Asia. Mr. Martin told the NATO 'council meeting in The Hague 'that such talk seemed likely to weaken South Viet Nam's resistance to total Com-niunjst takeover. A Communist victory In South Viet Nam, he said, would Jeop-srdize the stsbillty of Thailand and Malaysia and undermine the neutrality of Laos and Cam-' bodi.L , , THE CUSTOM MODEL FULLY EQUIPPED READY TO CO INCLUDING UNDERCOATINC . ALL FOR $195 DOWN AND $55 PER MONTH A LIMITED NUMBER ON HAND See then today aw; 2 Michael SL ; at the Queenswsy - , 745-6886 740 Bank SL 233-5673 P92 Bissline Rd. 729-6106 4S5 Tacfce Blvd. HULL. P.Q. 771-0397 SPECIAL... ElUilBITION BUS SERVICE ' 'THtrln' the peTiod ot the OTTAWA EXHIBITION, August 21st to 1 Aucust 29th, special bos service win operate direct to the Exhibition ', ' Grounds from the following locations commencing at 10.00 a.m, each day. '-''.',. .': ' " 1 1 HULL (Montcdim Park) ' ; ' -, Via regular No. S Hull-Riverdale route to Pretoria Avenue, O'Connor Street to ? ' ' Exhibition Grounds. ..' -WST OFFICE (Elgin and Sparks Streets) ; - ---'-:nL " xVla Elsin, Pretoria, O'Connor to Exhibition Grounds.' . . V ' . J .'''. " . ; HOLLAND AND WELLINGTON " . , . Via Holland, Carting. O'Connor to Exhibition Grounds. BILLINGS BRIDCE PLAZA SHOPPING CENTRE (6 pm. to Miight)'; , Via Bank Street to front entrance of Exhibition Grounds. ; i NO PUBLIC PARKING IN EXEIIBITION GROUNDS . - - ; For your own comfort, convenience and safety... TRAVEL BY BUS x ' Regular Fare) With Transfer Privileges - 24-hour Information Serric ;N 236-361 1 OTTAWA TRANSPORTATION COMMISSION

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