Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia on July 23, 1972 · Page 120
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July 23, 1972

Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia · Page 120

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Charleston, West Virginia
Issue Date:
Sunday, July 23, 1972
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Page 120
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Page 120 article text (OCR)

rFra EwK by George Michaelson "\U If: ? J ooks ? own °" agmupof ion, ft « mandatory that his photo as we// as his successor's, Sadat hang m government offices, but elsewhere, throughout Egypt, Nasser predominates CAIRO. le have lost three wars to [Israel, and if we fight them f again we will probably lose again. But how can we make peace with them? They sit on our land --the Sinai Peninsula--and they tell us straight to our faces that they will not move from it; they want to keep at least some pieces for themselves. So what can we do?. We can't make war now, and we can't make peace. And we are growing tired, damn tired, of seeing nothing happen." Thus did one Egyptian journalist sum up the current feelings of frustration and bitterness in Cairo. For, today, more than five years after the Six Day War--or the "June, '67 Aggression" as it is known here--the Israelis are still sitting comfortably across the Suez Canal. (See PARADE June 4, 1972 issue.) And Egypt, in spite of its estimated 600,000-man army, and the presence of some 15,000 Soviet military advisers, has proved unable to move them. The question on everyone's mind, of course, is whether some time in the future Egypt will try to move them. I/ one is to judge by official pronouncements, Egypt is preparing for a fourth round. Moreover, everywhere you look there are soldiers. And everywhere you go there are sandbag emplacements, brick walls built in front of doorways, and painted-over, taped windows--all to protect against bombing attacks. Three questions Still, the questions remain: · Can Egypt hope to win a war with Israel? · Will the Soviet Union help them fight it? · And, above all, do Egypt's 35 million people want a fourth round? For the moment, there are no definite answers, but what is sure is that people are growing increasingly frustrated by the present impasse. And, perhaps not surprisingly, they feel the United States is responsible for much of their agony. The Nixon Administration, Egyptians argue, has sided thoroughly with Israel ("I think some day it will become your 51st state," one prominent Egyptian remarked bitterly). It is pointed out in Cairo that Israel has been given all the war materials it wants, and the U.S. has refused to pressure the Israelis to withdraw from Sinai --which, barren though it is, represents 20 percent of Egyptian territory. Ask U.S. control "We know the Israelis are stubborn people," says Amany El Difrawy, a Cairo woman who works for the American Friends of the Middle East, a private education-service group. "But we simply cannot believe that America, with all its power and influence, is still unable to make Israel get out of our land. All you have to do is tell them no more Phantoms, no more Skyhawks, and they will have to listen." Moreover, Egyptians are bitter about what they call "America's diplomatic deception." Back in August, 1970, America convinced them to accept a cease-fire, thereby ending the "War of Attrition" which had been raging for 18 months along the Suez Canal. At the time, they claim, Secretary of State Rogers led Egypt to believe that Israel would withdraw from Sinai--willingly or not In turn, Egypt was willing to begin peace negotiations with Israel. "But America wasn't playing straight with us," asserts Mohammad Hakki, foreign editor of Al Ahram, Egypt's most important newspaper. "The U.S., in spite of what it said, refused to put pressure on Israel; and Israel will not budge unless it has to. As for Egypt, we continue to hope for a peaceful solution and we are still willing to make a peace agreement with Israel. Nasser said so, and when he died shortly after the cease-fire, Anwar Sadat--who took his place--said the same thing. But, as PARADE · 1ULY 23,1972

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