The Ottawa Journal from Ottawa,  on August 19, 1964 · Page 7
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August 19, 1964

The Ottawa Journal from Ottawa, · Page 7

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Wednesday, August 19, 1964
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f f fT iP.? WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 19.19S4 THE OTTAWA JOURNAL Fifty in J30Yetws. Land of Many Revolts ' Stat UM ItM revolt w threw dictator Mares Peres Jim bun, VtiMitMla baa keen trying la make efeatev eratle gaveraaaaat war, la thia Mary, Latla America allaln expert Paul Kkld. traeaa UMrearaers af, lha aatiea's twa key By PAUL KIDD CARACAS (CP)-Cuni bristle around Mirafloras Palace In downtown Caracal and Ilia cre dentials of every person enter ing the building are meticulously checked, by steely-eyed security police. Inside. President Raul Leonl goes about his Job of running Venezuela. . After the five-year occupancy of the palace by his dynamic predecessor, Romulo Betancourt, the recently elected year-old president has yet to , make kn impact on either his fellow-Venezuelans or on other Latin Americans.. At almost the same time as Castro was seizing power In Cuba, stocky, ai - Communist Betancourt became President of Venezuela. But Don Romulo, who had ipent years in prison and exile fighting the Iron autocrats and army rule that had strangled the country, was made of tough political stuff. Ha coped with four military molts, an assasiination at- jtempt which left his bands scarred for life, economic de pression and the Castro supported Armed Forces of National Liberation. Finally, after the national elections last December, the legitimate transfer of - power from Betancourt. to Leonl took place. i, ' -:' FIFTY REBELLIONS Since Venezuela became a na tion in ISM, the Latin American nation has had II constitutions and more than M rebellions. Of its li presidents, three fifths have been military men. The political careers" of Bet- ncourt and Leonl. in many ways, parallel each other, As students at the National University In Caracas, both were leftists and conspired against the dictatorship of Juan Vicente Gomel. During this pe riod. Betancourt Joined the Communist Party, but left after two or three years. Both men were subsequently jailed, clapped in irons, and deported. During one period of exile, Leoni and Betancourt lived by selling fruit In the streets of Barranquilla, Colombia. Their fruit - vending partner ship developed into a political partnership and. In IMt, the pair launched the Democratic Action movement as a clandes tine party. men, la 1M, wild a group Another eiectulve declared that the letter was a "not too heavily veiled threat of retaliation on advertisers'' who did not comply with -the media - boycott request. His concern waa with the second paragraph, which read: "The NAACP IS -Inaugurating i careful check of media in Mississippi and will report to ha chapters and affiliated organizations on usage by na-' tional advertisers of media opposing law and order, the right to vote, elimination of second ' class citiienshikp. and efforts to assure the per- ; aonal safety of America citK Seek Ad Men's Help In U.S. Race Battle By SAL' NUCCIO IO wss am Y- visas Mm hma NEW YORK - The Na-tional Association for the Advancement of Colored People has solicited the aid of ad agencies In Its drive to replace Mississippiiim with Americanism.'' - In letters to the beads of 1M agencies, the association urged them to re-examine the "media being used for your . clients in the. state of Mia-' gisstppi. Twenty million Ne . gro Americans plus millions : of other civil-righu advocates . can only view utilization of un-American and- mllltantly segregationist media as support of Misaissippi lawlessness." The three paragraph let-. tar, signed by Roy Wllkins. executive secretary, ' closed with the request that "you ,t and your clients' support fundamental American principles and, accordingly, withhold ac-counts from media that do not uphold these principles." Ont agency executive, while sympathetic with the civil rights movement, expressed surprise that the association would make this request. He I; '- said: . - "Extremists, suck as the , far right conservatives, have urged advertisers to boycott certain periodicals, but it Is , not lactic I would expect of the NAACP. It is, or should . : be, s widely accepted princi- ..pie that advertisers do not , concern themselves with the , editorial policies of the publi- - cations they normally use. : "These publications do not, ,' tn turn, concern themselves .with the philosophies or p ; ; ljcies of companies that are : legally acceptable advertisers. ' . Thus It Is that a liberal newspaper will carry John Birch . Society a";., a ., -v-r" ii II Ida. ij (iixiiKiuiioimG Dominican Austerity Prog ram i n Trouble. et teas hm t Km nf ernment owes the social SANTO DOMINGO The security system 14,000,000 civilian Junta that rules the Dominican Republic b) facing the threat of a strike thai could have far-reaching ef fect. .:-v: ' In carrying out an aus- '. tertty program designed to ' permit the 10-month-old gov. ernment to meet its, balance-of -payments deficit and keep from devaluing the peso, the " government has run into op-poaltlon from businessmen " and workers. The peso is - daily valued at !.- . In an hour-long televised ' ' speech to the nation, Dr. Donald Raid Cabral, president f of the 'three-men Junta, an--, n minced the first of series of austerity measures. These Included 13 per cent in-creaae in taxea- on Imports other than , essential food- atnffa. a 8 per cent increase on gasoline end sn Increase In . both employers' and em-; ployees social security psy-"' ments. . Wide criticism of higher ' social security dues results ' ' from the poor services pro-. Wlded and the fact that , the -r v . ' i government ha not paw J own contributions. Th iw -1 ' 1 It? M)lV Compromise The business of International peace-keeping can fairly be described nowadays as growth aector. A year or two ago'lt was. widely argued that the strains imposed on the United Na-' lions by its Congo operation, showed that the use of international forces had had its day. . . - But by the time the UN force In the Congo Jinally withdrew six weeks ago, the new UN force tat Cyprus was already in being; meanwhile, the . UN force on the Egyp- . Uan-Uraeli border is in its 'pesos.. - v,v ' Twenty-alx , unions !1 of Christian affiliation gave the government it noura to repeal the law callinf for the additional taxes on gasoline. These unions also demanded that the government replace a recently appointed chief of the social security system with a director selected by the board that administers the system. Political observers consider -this week crucial for-Dr. Raid Cabral, who took control of the ruling council last December. - While he has virtually no popular support or party backing, he haa managed to balance the Dominican military factions snd clamp down on the extreme left. , ' ft is questionable, however. whether he will be able to carry out the austerity pro-grsm. Msny observers doubt thai there is ' an alternative at present to Dr. Reid Cabral, but they aay that his government will be faced with a serious threat If negotiation vfail to head off the strike. of young military officers, they overthrew the dictatorship. ' Betancourt became president during the three-year period of provisional government; and whan, in IMt, the Democratic Action party won national elec tions, Leoni became minlslenof labor, ! , .. BACKINTO EXILE ;;V ' A few months later, however, Democratic Action was thrown out of office by Its former military allies. Leoni went back to" jail while Betancourt went into exile. Finally, in IKS. after students and navy officers overthrew the military-backed Perez" Jimenez dictatorship, Betancourt w a s r Not All Complaining By GORDON DEW AS of The Journal THE COMPLAINTS of Rear Admiral i. J. Brock on his enforced .retirement from the Navy as a result of the Armed Forces integration program are not shsred by another senior naval officer retired recently. Commodore A. B. Fraser-' Harris, former assistant chief of the Naval Staff (air and warfare), is presently undergoing his discharge medical at the Tri-Service Hospital prior to embarking upon retirement leave. - - "I have no complaints at all," he says. "I have been in for 39 years and I've always obeyed orders." ,. , At the age of" 47. his 33 years of naval service reveal the fact be joined the Royal Navy as cadet at the age of 13. He has seen much distinguished service as a sailor and naval pilot since. V Although his retirement came at his own request, it was as direct result of the integration program and forewarned reduction in personnel at all rank levels. . His job waa one of those being Unsighted eighth year of life, and UN "presences' - in the ' more modest . form of observer ', groups now exist in Yemen . as well as in Kashmir and on Israel's other frontiers. - v-The Cyprus conflict has quickened the general discussion of . the peace-keeping ' problem: and It might be rash . to assume that the Congo has no more relevance to that dis-' cussion. f All these operations, however varied their degrees of- success, have in common the fact that they coat money. Since 1961, the United Nations ha been in financial difficulty because of the refusal of Russia, France and other members to pay their aasesaed share of the Congo coats. '. ' - - Russia" and. others liav also refused to contribute to .: the costs of the Gaza force." The Cyprus and Yemen operations had to be financed by the intereated governt.' ments, not by a levy on the . whole UN membership.-. The International Court has, however, upheld the prln- ciple that the General Assembly has power to appor- . tion peace-keeping costs sm mis. members, snd he Assembly has endorsed lh court's ruling.-' , The Secretary . General visited both Moscow and Paris in late July, but found neither Mr. Khrushchev nor ; General de Gaulle ready to give any ground on the-finan-Ciat Issue. ; The American and British v government ; assert ; that suspension of voting rights I automatic, but they have sought 10 coax both Russia and France towards compromise. In. view of the obvious-difficulty of getting really solid support in the Assembly for a showdown that could virtually paralyze ' . the UN. . ' No compromise Is In sight, : but the postponement of the opening of ih Assembly until Nov. 10 has at least afforded a tittle more time. 1 , , r ; ; ""' . . ! . ' ' . ; m t elected President and Leoni president of the Senate. Both . Betancourt and Leonl are devoted family men but there the' resemblance ends. Betancourt, whom I met on an earlier visit to Venezuela, is hard-driving and almost arrogant. Leoni, on the other hand, is prudent and , friendly. Betancourt Is currently on a hard-earned informal tour of Europe: later, he plans to write a book. As a former chief executive, be is guaranteed a Senata seat by the constitution, but his future role in the Leoni administration is uncertain. I mm done away with and he asked to be retired. Now he ssys: "If there's a need to reduce manpower and there are younger men coming up who can do the job better than I can, then that's , all to the good. "Ifi s hard, hard thing to do for the minister and there will "be many casualties, but it should lead to a much more streamlined and effective force. ' 1 ' "I have been in the service all my life, but if there have to be cuts, they have to be. "If there's any fighting to be done, well all be back In , one hell of a hurry." - "-" PRIME MINISTER PEAK-SON'S hopea that Mrs. Jean Wadds (until Aug. 7 Mrs. Jean Casselman. and still Conservative member for Grenville Dundas) might cease to be an MP are hope-leas ones. Indeed. ... i Mrs. Wadds returned to the Commons Mondsy to the cheers of members on all ' sides and the comments of : Mr. Pearson on her possible domestic future. -" Later, however, aha staled that aha .is not only happy with her marriage, her children from her previous mar riage, and her lovely home on ' the SL Lawrence at Prescott, she Is happy with her life as an MP and intends to con- tinue it ss long aa nominal-. big conventiona will allow. V Robert Wadds. her hut- bnC . is a Toronto invest-, ment "broker and, aa auch, travels a good deal. Thus, he is content to take up resi-.' dence st the Prescott home, she said.. , ' . This means both will be able to continue their careers. without inconvenience while atill maintaining a marriage' ' and a home. ' -. '. A STICKY SITUATION ra the Conservative Opposition haa been solved by naming ' : Robert Simpson (CChurch-, ' ill) acting Whip of the party. Chief Opposition Whip Eric Winkler left Tuesdsy with a special delegation to the meeting of the Inter-Parliamentary Union in Copenhagen, Denmark. He will be gone for two and one-half weeks. . Deputy Whip of the party was Louis Joseph , Pigeon (C Joliette-L'Assomption-Montcalm), who would have taken Mr. Winkler's place. . Mr. Pigeon, not only is not available,' there was some feeling he would' have had trouble lining up speakers In the flag debate because of his opposition to his own party's stand and his own approval, of the maple leaf flag- - Mr, Simpson haa no doubts about his flag feelings he stands firmly with the party oa the Red Ensign. . And thus he saves the, day. f .' aawaaasaaie I I I a i mi ' i ) r nmM . ..i.)lt ini r "H .T"- TT7.?jJL7. T?7?T? TT? ? T ?.? UtlllftL rumiuuiit aaiaaw8t3a'S8Biisay , Our Market Sirs: Your editorial "A-Markeling"' of today has prompted me to write- a letter which I sincerely hope the wonderful market gardeners wilt read. My mother, Mrs. M. Mills whb will be years old on Aug. IS has been a faithful and ardent customer of the market since coming to Ottawa in 1928. Although she has been deaf for many years, until two years ago she did. her "shopping by herself, but . since then because of very poor eyesight I have accompanied ber. Although very frail in' body, she is fiercely independent and so I stand at a distance with a watchful eye and thereby have observed what remarkable people our market sellers are. I doubt whether anygof the original sellers of 3C years ago are stilt there, but their descendants are of the same calibre. For instance, they all know my mother, likes small potatoes, tomatoes, onions and cabbage and they will dig back in their bushel baskets for such produce., and often at a reduced price, . to" give her the quantity she wants, Alto. because of the fact that she can't hear or see very well, she will hand them her change purse, and as I watch from a discreet distance I have never seen an instance of these "business men and women" taking more than the price they ask. In thta sophisticated, competitive age in which we live.' I am delighted to pay tribute to our market. MRS. M. S. GRAHAM. -424 Laurier Avenue West,. ' Ottawa.' , ,.' ' Glebe's Vigilantes Sirs: I am very .pleased to, read in the Journal (Aug. 15) thai the Glebe has vigilantes . who patrol the streets. I have lived here many years, and . had no idea such organiza- tion existed. However, anyone who can help, the police - in their duties is to be com-i, mended. 1 can't help wonder-; Ing about one other situation' that could be easily remedied,! and would help to keep the area from becoming a slum. I refer to the football, baseball and hockey playing in the street by crowds of young-' sters all ages. It is against the law! and makes driving a car a nightmare. It results in constant honking by the motorist, the screech of brakes and , once in a while the injury of a child. Since thia is clearly forbid- . den by law, why cannot the policemen bv -the cruisers speak to these children aa they drive around our streets? I have seen them pass the , children up time and time again. Surely they don't have , to wait for a complaint to enforce he law. ' - o i I s v 1 OBSERVER. Fourth Avenue, '. ' Ottawa. ' , t 1 Retarded Children . Sirs: 1 recently spent Just over a month In Ottawa Civic Hospital. There a minister visited the lady next bed to mine as a friend Rev. Flpps. from the Smiths Falls home for retarded children. It was an inspiration just to listen to the wonderful work h Is doing. Bishop Reed of Ottawa had been up the pre- - vtous week to Confirm IS of them. Two boy Inmates ' served him and the Bishop and they had prepared the i unch for Madame Vanler. ' I think maybe if some of the people read this, especially those with retarded children, it would give some comfort also to the outside world where I'm alraid, lots never ' think of these things. f MR t") Itt MacLaren Street, Ottawa. i t-t aissstsiivtissss W rent chesterfield suites; bedroom suites; dining room suites; folding chairs; tables! televisions; refrigerators; cribs; office furniture; complete household furnishings.'"' ..... ., ,., , .. IT IHI DAT ' . t T THI MONTH IT THE WlH "I I I I I I IT THE TUI I II. I We deliver We pick up . . ! -W supply complete service to. the merchandise while oa !"';': ' -' . ' rentaL , . Raatal ptaa wiajr k eaavrVtee Ss swfrhaM alia. ' Vr tk rvwlal at tn famllor. I! at ga sa sat Baa auaas stare at tat BUtaa, aai SaaMraal, 111-1 tat. Par tk rental af traa-ta fnralta ra. lalraaaMa ar ta la r Marrajt Stmt state at Hi Marrar, aaat ualkmtia, tss-lt. I JOIIIISOIi'S FURIIITUnE LTD. j Don't Experiment Sirs: If the Prime Minister and present government of Canada seriously believe that a change of flag will unify the people of Canada, the next question "how wrong can one be?" pops up. Perhaps at the ouiset Mr. Pearson dd not realize what I he result of forecast polls on the subject would be. Now we know that an overwhelming majority of English speaking Canadians wish to retain the Red Ensign while French Canada Is nearly unanimous in a desire to get rid of it. Such a state of affairs must surely rekindle enmity between the two. founding races of Canada. An enmity which I sincerely believe was lessening and would be bound to end in the fullness of time. Over 200 years axo the Union Jack was forcefully raised oyer Quebec, but the language and customs of the settlers were respected and preserved. French Canada was not interested in supoortlng the revolution, for it had ac-qu red iustice and understand Raspberry Sirs: While working in the garden, over the weekend. I noticed that Mr. Pearson's' maple leavea look very much like wild raspberry leaves. You know what a raspberry is! ,' E.S. Carting Avenue. Ottawa. Destructive Word Sirs: ' Congratulations on your excellent editorial "Be Kind to Adjectives"' (Journal. Aug. 14). It should be a powerful lesson in the use of words, for politicians seeking personal or party power. ..'Why" should a political leader asaume personal responsibility for a particular matter which is not his alone to discharger For examp'e If, like Churchill, our parliamentary leaders recognized that the House of Commons is the supreme authority in orderly control of society and in the making of rules which curb the freedom of the individual would we not stem the wear ..of . destructive words which is so greatly disturbing everyone. ' " A.E.M. The Driveway, ' Oitawa. Sport Sirs: We have started on the sports merry-go-round on CBOT with the televising of the lootbsll game on Saturday last. Every year this seems to get earlier and earlier, and later and., later, taking up moat of the program time for that evening. When foot ball ends for the year, hockey takes over at the same time ' each week and goes on practically into Summer. If the Peter Sellers film last Saturday was intended as ' a sop to the not so enthusiastic sports, fans. 1 can't imagine where the programmers dug it up from talk about antiquated type of comedy, if it even deserves the name it was the worst! v'iri'i.ir Wnw fifaik;vim - j ing for all Us people under the benevolent shadow u! ine L'n;on- Jack. Don't let us exper ment now by handing down what was hoisted over the Heights of Abraham. B. O. BRKION. Ottawa. Earned Its Place Sirs: In Canada's War of Independence, the War of 1812-14, native Canadian and British lorces. all fighting desperately under the Union Jack, though always outnumbered, threw back the V.S. invader. If the British forces and the Union Jack had not been fighting lor Canada, "tq would have been overwhelmed in spite of ail-out Canadian resistance. The Canadian nation would not exist today. Remember the Canadian hero, British Gen. Brock who, leading the assault on Queeiu-ton His., died in action unaer the Union .lack. This victory won by native-Canadian and British forces forged the nation of Canada today. Canada and the Union Jack are bound together by the blood, of heroes who fought for Canada's freedom. The Union Jack, with its Christian crosses hich we dare not !os. has earned its masthead place on Canada's flat. BENNETT- MACAULAY.- 14 Hillside Crescent, Sussex. NB. ..-.,. Menacing Motorists S'rs: Thanks for vour editorial of Aug. IS "The Men-aclna- Motorfs'.V This art'ele ' would be good to pin up in homes and all roib"r n'acev Everyone adm ts the grtat menace today of bad high-wav drlv'n. Yet there is so lirt'e done shout 't. The casua't'es are grea'er in number than that of war Why does not some leader arise who will organise the movement for sa'e driv'ng? -' There is flag waving and paradei for so many 'utile objects. Why not put the traffic problem to its true perspective? -. . - ; TRAFFIC CONSCIOUS. Branson Avenue, Ottawa. Again It would be interesting to know the rat a of Denote in ' Canada, all of whom -pay. taxes to supoort the CBC. who object to -thia monopoly of sports for Saturday even pt. ELIZABETH FARLEY. 12$ Wilbrod Street, Ouawa. "but mm m mmn FttGRtTJK smttjis :- twa - 8815022 Savings this week i i These SPECIAL PRICES Effective Til LISTERINE ANTISEPTIC 7 c value ORIIAL CAPSULES BUFFERIII TABLETS ) PEPSODEIIT TOOTH PASTE COI.FIDETS !!V DA17II Hair Color Appeal Sirs: The 224th Canadian Infantry Battalion (later .forestry). CtF of Ottawa' was commanded by Lt. Col. A. MrDougall, -who later became a major general. IB, and director of timber operations for the Canadian forestry Corps in Great Britain and France. "t -1 should like to kmaVun appeal to any former members of the 224th Battalion, and their surviving relatives (or one' of . the large panoramic photographs of the bat- talion. and also for a picture of the pipe band of this unit. The pipers wore the Mac-Dmigall Tartan. These pictures are required for illustration purposes for a new book on the pipes and drums of the CEF. LESLIE WHITFORD. 77 Birchcliff Avenue, Scarborough, Ont. S.H If- : at I.D.A. August 22 ( W Rcj;. 1.39 36', StiRg. LUt 79c 1.09 Value 51c' Value Rf R. 1.09 66c 69c 37c 1.99 4 o, . Reg. 33c Rc. 89c 27c 77c T3S - JSJ4M g3S-744 - 131 171T v 72 37X4 S - 7M-7MT asaitrs 728I1 ... 3J-4377 7a 4o asa fast a as -gea aaa-fie WW FACIAL TISSUES "Snow White" 2 w 53c itOIISOIIOL LIGHTER FLUID RIGHT GUARD Deodorant ' .. v , t. .';,..'. ... J ,' " ALT VleT. rnawACt ltl Alia Vl.la . i.f'ABTl.gt'9 I.IMITSD Laarlfr aS Ntlaaa KKKSI.V'S liaio STORB St llaah SU ,i......i ' hbonsom rntRNAcv tit nraa Ava. . . ...... 1 rava s naio aroaa ui wriiiactm at clameaa . caavaa aaa ao lto. . it awaaaaae tul ............. V DAWSON'S IUO STOBB II Kllla SL i .... . om nia rnaMAFV weniastoa at. Nowsa hat o sTmtR tt auk .at. at Barms ... - ISI-AMO fARH rHABMAfV LTII WelUastm St. ,i NORMAN'S liaieis SS RMma SI. . RnSKKM OMARMtrV. SS HaataaiV Are. v eTsvsMsoN'e nauo aroaa ssa aiia st. i x

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