Page 76 article text (OCR)
I6F--July 23, 1972 Suntloy Gasette-Mail ~ * : Charleston, West Vlrslnu *Â®3^^ I i I About the Cover 8 n ,P ur model for the cover photographs by Jack Â« liernan is Karen Wilson, an employe of the Asso- Â£: aated Press. tfttS::*:::::*::^^ Her gown, veil, flowers and accessories were furnished by The Diamond, Stone and Thomas xoung's Garden Center and Winter Floral vxmxm^ Catholic Couples Reducing Sizes Of Families Faster Than Others ByJackRosenthal W A S H I N G T O N - The completed report of the prestigious 1970 National Fertility Study shows that Roman Catholic couples have reduced dramatically the number of children they are having and intend to have. The change is so marked that, despite a tradition of large families, their birth expectations are rapidly approaching those of non- Catholics. There was a downward shift in the birth expectations of all groups between 1965 and 1970, according to the report. But a far faster drop was found among Catholic parents. For example, the decline reported by Catholic women between the ages of 20 and 24 was more than twice that of t h e i r n o n - C a t h o l i c counterparts. Over-all, the impact of the birth expectation changes is so striking that the authors abandoned their otherwise dry, technical language to conclude: "American couples have changed their reproductive behavior radically over the course of the past five years, adjusting their fertility goals sharply downward and increasing substantially their ability to stop childbearing at the wanted level." In fact, the report suggested, the once-Utopian goal of stabilizing the size of the American population is at least within reach. The National Fertility Study is a federally-financed undertaking conducted in 1965 and again in 1970 by two Princeton demographers, Norman B. Ryder and Charles F. Westoff. The report submitted to the Presidential Commission on Population Growth and the American Future, is their first formal analysis of the 1970 study. IT USED a national sampling of married women under 45 to measure the number of children women want and the number they have borne but did not want. Such birth expectation measures are not accurate when applied to individual women. But when applied to all women, the findings are regarded by experts as reliable indicators. The finding that Catholic birth expectations are falling faster than those of non- Catholics was true for all age groups. It was most striking for women aged 20 to 24. In 1970, non-Catholic women of these ages reported that they wanted an average of 9 per cent fewer children than in 1965. The figure fell from 2.57 to 2.35 children. But y o u n g C a t h o l i c w o m e n reported they wanted 20 per cent fewer children. Their figure fell from 3.45 to 2.75 children. This rapid closing of the gap b e t w e e n t h e b i r t h e x - pectations of the two groups led the authors of the report to speak of a "convergence of wanted fertility for Catholics and non-Catholics." The findings were paralleled by those for unwanted births t h a t h a v e already occurred. Between 1965 and 1970, the rate of unwanted births among non- Catholics dropped by about one-third. Among Catholics, the rate dropped almost by one-half. The change was even more pronounced among Catholic women who had been to c o l l e g e . T h e i r r a t e plummeted by 57 per cent. Meanwhile, the already low rate among their non-Catholic counterparts barely changed. The implication of these f i n d i n g s is t h a t , despite church strictures against birth control, Catholic women increasingly are using un- a p p r o v e d f o r m s o f contraception. "We are now developing data that confirm this," Westoff said in an interview, "that show Catholics are becoming more and more like other parents in their use of t h e p i l l a n d o t h e r contraceptive devices." t * * THE FIGURES for children wanted represent a much ATTENTION: Brides To Be Dyeing Shoes to the exact shade* you want for your wedding is another service of Classic Shoe Store 99 Dyed FREE! \\ f.^3. w Narrow and Medium widths Also matching, dyeable, bags available. American Girl and other famous name brand shoes in gold, silver, black peau de soie, etc. Priced at savings up to 50% OPEN EVERY NIGHT 'TIL 9 (Closed Sunday) CLASSIC SHOE STORE 31615th St., Dunbqr lower total fertility rate figure, since the study dealt only with married women. When single women are taken into account, the 2.35 child average for young non- Catholics would drop to about 2.19. This seemingly technical distinction has great symbolic importance. A total fertility rate of 2.110 per family is what some authorities have styled "The Magic Number." At this rate, the population would reach the replacement level--when there would be just enough new babies to replace their parents and children who die before maturity. If this level were reached and then maintained for about 70 years, the United States would have achieved the goal of the Zero Population Growth movement. The National Fertility rate has never fallen as low as 2.110 children per family. But the birthrate reported for March, 1972, translates into a total fertility figure of about 2.136, the lowest ever. "Given current trends, I think there's a very good chance we will not only drop to the replacement level but even go below it," Westoff said. WE PAY MAXIMUM RATES ALLOWABLE ON SAVINGS Â· Regular Savings 4'/2% Â· City Savings 5% Now_NO CHARGE FOP CHECKING ACCOUNt SERVICE! City National Bank I'liFi* 4000 McicCorkle Ave., S. I., Chat OPEN SATURDAY 9 'til 12 OPEN FRIDAYS 9 A.M. .'til 7 P.M. Make it summer wedding G R E M L I N you and GREMLIN You Can Tie The Knot With a New 1972 Model for as low as * 1999. plus Freight Service TAG GALYEAN AMERICAN MOTORS Virginia at Truslow St. 344-2521 . . . . , . , . _ . _ _ . _ _ _ FolKsbpugnt /ewe/ry 70 Years Ago At Charleston's and West Virginia's OLDEST and LARGEST HOME-OWNED KREDIT JEWELERS 5 GENERATIONS from the same family boast about buying their Diamond Engagement and Wedding Rings from Berman's! Charleston store manager, Mr. Joe Staler shows a 'bride-to-be' an unmounted , brilliant cut diamond! Enormous Selection of Various Shape Diamonds CHARGE YOUR PURCHASE LAYAWAY NOW FOR CHRISTMAS Visit Charleston's store-4 Showrooms of Gift ware! 'BERMAN'S Headquarters for Nationally Known and Advertised Merchandise--At Reasonable Prices--Convenient Credit! West Virginia's Largest Selection of DIAMOND WATCHES S 50 s 1,000 Â·Hamilton Â·Bulova Â·Longine Â·Elgin Â·Waltham Â·Kord WEDDING GIFT HEADQUARTERS FOR OVER 70 YEARS! ROGERS SILVERWARE We Carry Our Own Charge Accounts Â· NO BANKS Â· NO FINANCE COMPANIES West Virginia's Oldest and Largest Home-Owned Kredit Jewelers DERMflW 7 CONVENIENT STORES 7 1. CHARLESTON STORE, 128 Capitol Street JOE STOLER, Manager 2. ST. ALBANS STORE, 64 Main Street DENNIS MASON, Manager 3. BECKLEY STORE, Neville Street OSCAR HALE, Manager. 4. MONTGOMERY STORE, Ferry Strttt DAPRELL CUMMINGS, Manager. 5. LOGAN STORE, Straiten Street. BERNARD FIGGATT, Manager. 6. PARK!RSIURC STORE, Market Street TOM SHIPMAN, Manager. 7. OAK HILL STORE, Main Street V. SCARBRO, Manager.