The Ottawa Journal from Ottawa,  on August 17, 1964 · Page 7
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August 17, 1964

The Ottawa Journal from Ottawa, · Page 7

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Monday, August 17, 1964
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MONDAY, AUOUSt 17, MM Ij (( (0)flj)l)lllllllKMI Trouble in By STEPHEN HUGH-JONES 7 f Th Economist : Trouble tometime pads In en ui unnoticed when it wcarr slippers. Quietly, without any of -the foot-tsinping excite-, went of the VitxNam and Cyprus crises, something al-moat ai disconcerting haa been hippening in the middle stretch of Ana that lies, be tween those two flash-poii The anti-Communist allian along Russia's southern which Britain and the United Stales have spent more than 10 years trying to construct Is coming apart at the seams. CENTO the Central Treaty Organization has lour members: Turkey. Persia, Pakistan and Britain. The United States, though not formally a full member, take! an active part in most of Its committees, and, as usual, puts up most of the cash. '.There used to be another member: Iraq, whose capital Baghdad was the headquarters of what we then knew ' as the Baghdad Pact. But In 19M a revolution pulled down King Feisal and his pro-British prima minister, Nuri es Said, and took Iraq out of the pact. There were a good many reasons why, but you could sum them up simply: British and American global purposes no longer 'coincided with the national interests of Iraq. PAKISTANI-LED The same reasoning is threatening to break up CENTO today. The man behind. Jt this time Is Pakistan's President Ayub Khan and if be does not do it, the Pakistani : opposition will certainly do It for blmif they aver get the . chance. ' . ' ' ... President Ayub la becoming mora and mora doubtful (and 1 think be la right) whether ' Pakistan's national ' interest are served by membership of Its western sponsored alliances. He believes there la no real danger of an attack 'from Russia' .or' China. He does have at real quarrel with India over the contested territory of Kashmir. ' Yet ha finds that bis country It part of two alliances against Russia and China SEATO to the east. CENTO " to the' west While his west, am allies not only refuse to twist India's arrn about Kashmir (and there I think we are right: we hav tried before end k does not work) they ar giving India military aid t twice the rate the United States gives It to Pakistan, uirnun rntramv. , I .MM. If .... So while SEATO to' his east denounces the Chinese Communists as menace to ' peace. President Ayub la busy making friends with them. To his west, while CENTO still claims to offef a bulwark ; against Russia, he is busy turning the bulwark inte as! empty shell. $ Lata last month there was : i grand summit meeting of Turkey, Persia and Pakistan, i It was held In Istanbul, Hi Turkey, but the iniative was Pakistan's. Out of tba meet-' tag came aa equally grand scheme (or economic and cultural co-operation, Tba three j countries arc setting up a re-... gional planning committee .' under council of ministers, i with .headquarters . for th ' time being in Toheran. They . .will be looking (or ways the ; three countries can work to- gether. in promoting trade ' and tourism, building road )" and rail links, setting up a ' common airline, and sharing . m Persia' petroleum Slippers, Indus-'and try. And so on excellent We which no on in th West ' could possibly object to, if It waa our business, which It is not But th point I that most of these schemes could Just as well hav been car- ' ried out inside CENTO. As the danger of a Russian in-, vaiton grows less imminently ! threatening. It la economic projects like thi that could make CENTO meaningful. But,, as th Pakistanis m- phasiz very strongly, th new set-up has nothing to do wlth ' CENTO whatever. REAL ADVANTAGES " ' It has eoma real economic advantaaea over CENTO. CENTO has already started r many projects, nut reawan and Persia in particular do ; not think they are enough, A nw organization will not j automatically- general more economic aid from Britain or i the United. State. But : 1 ! might look much more artrac 4 lve- to aid-giver - lik the i United Netions (not to My the Russians) than a cold-war. .( But Pakistan - at least- 4 f looking b y n d conomica, President Ayub It dreaming 5 of a new Moslem block.Th ' Istanbul summit meeting talks- ad a lot of the "common herU tage" of the three countries (to which Pakistan would Ilka .to add a fourth, non-aligned, 7r7r.V -ir -Mv Moslem aatioa Afghanistan). -' This may only be dream. As we Europeans have often proved, countries are easily divided by religion but not easily united by it. Pakistsn and Persia certainly have a lot In common; but Turkey has lor two generations deliberately looked away Irora Asia and toward Europe. Islam is no longer ha state religion. " The answer could I ia. Cyprus. If Turkey's western lends cannot ensure that the there is at least toler, bl to the Turks, lb Turk ight decide that they too would serve their national interest beat by drifting away from the West. Turkey's leading pro government newspaper has hinted as much. It may be bluffing. It may not. ' Into Lull By PAUL KIDD CARACAS (CP) Th day I arrived in Caracas, the white skyscraper studded caital of. Venezuela, two municipal police agents war assassinated on of bustling downtown Andres Bello Avenue. Two days after th gunning, . terrorists blew up highway bridge 7 mile from Caracaa. : In another part of Venezuela. 1 one person was Injured when a hand grenade was hurled at National Guard checkpoint. . Th three incident were prominently reported oa' the front pages of Caracas newspa- nine maitni ago, however. they would have been treated as routine sjw.--i-,- r. ' For such pets of violence by the Communist, ' pro - Castro Armed Force of National Liberation known as the FALN were that everyday occur; rences. --- v".. . : (: 1 Today they are not NO LONGER AFRAID " ' , After fir years of terrorism, a hill bas settled over the country. And IU tlW.tOt citizens are begi""i"f adjuat to living without fear. i' v .-. Caracas, framed In a valley of mist bathed mountain, is peaceful, Police mea no. longer hut th walls but atand unhol- meted in the middle of the streets. Ever-vigilant armored cart nd tank ar tacked' away, silent and out of bight. In their depot. - " ' - Only ia the Bachiller moun-, tains. 75 miles from Caracas. I the war between the government and terrorists going on. - The terrorists, reported by the government to have been partly financed, trained and equipped by Fidel Castro' Cuba, make sporadic raids oa small towns and village. FLEE INTO HILLS During Vuch raids, they attack police stations and political party headquarters, seizing guns and scrawling Communist slogans oa walla. Then, aa government forces advance, the terrorists flee back Into the hnis. .- '""y. With virtually no support from peasanta In th i Bachiller re gion, the FALN guerrinas are ing increasingly . isoiateo hard-pressed. ,. ' V i FALN force destroyed more than tit M Mt worth of prop- trty. mostly U.S. -owned. Creole Petroleum COrporatto pipelines ware blown up and Scare Roebuck warehouses were set aflame. . i ; tt POLICE KILLED - t For weeks, terrorists kept their pledge to "kill a cop a day." Sixty policemen; at least lost, their lives. And almost every day. bullets screamed Into crowded plazas, tometimM injuring or killing women and children. ! The FALN vowed that President Romulo Betancourt would never finish hi five-year term, and warned Venezuelan voters that they would be killed tf they went to the polls I chose a successor to netancoun, by U, could act succeed himself. . . . I Betencourt replied by ordering the military to go all out against the FALN. r- f By the time the elections took place on scheaulo Bet-ancourt had woa bis batU with th FALN. f j . Kissing , BUiieia, ..venrawm - am,, mhmI tha tamrista . ' threats. Standing In line for ap to three hours, a record 1 par cent of Ik electorate went to the poll. And Betancourt completed hit full term as president. . ;''.- A Today, there to little doubt, democracy ia winning m Veae tuela.' - . . . j i' ' Ma THE OTTAWA JOURNAL 7 karios C Jose to ' 'v.- ..3. & V.i tk 'i ' Hearts of Peo ' NICOSIA (AP) In (ha eyes of the . average Greck-Cyprlot. j Archbishop Makarios, bearded president of Cyprus, Is the most maligned a a d misunderstood public figure in the world. , Gutfcoa derides, president of the Cyprus House of Represent Backlash May Muddle U.S. atives, said: ."Though Makarios may be unpopular among car-tain foreign' circles,' he never has been closer to the hearts of hi people -.than during these critical 'days." ."'..'' ' .'-. ' - Some London newspapers this past week, especially The Dally Sketch and Daily Express, have expressed ''strong , hostility , to Makarios. They have demanded that he go as a necessary step towards a Cyprus solution. Tha : By JOHN D. POMFRET ,. ci tsst ntw y wa Tmn ism switM MILWAUKEE Th beefy man' vole rose. "They ought to send the Niggers back to Africa," he roared. . . ' ' He was sitting on a bench m Kosciuszko Park in the . eart of tha Polish neghbor- on this industrial city' Side. . , .'I:- yil right," chimed in a frtend.VThey mean throwing DFFP IKl IIINGI F Find Is - By ALBERTO J. LIMA. Peru (UPI) American, explorer tlain discovery of tbe legendary Inca city of Vilcabamba La Grande says he to planning a second expedition to the 400-year-old -aita. t'"V,. .r,'f Gene Savoy, J7, of Bel-: Ingham, Wash., describes his discovery' of - extensive Inca ruin tn the Jungles ISO mile ' northeast of Cuzoo a th richest archeological find of all time hi th America. , H My there 1 no doubt In hi, mind that th lost , Jungle city was the test hold out of the Inca when they , were being pursued by the Spaniard more than four centuries ago. Ita discdvery, be Mid. may well supply Peru with the hitherto "mining link" to its civilization. A STUMBLED ON CITY. ', 'V, Aa American .explorer,-' : Hiram - Bmgham,-. tnade th first rich Incav find of tha century in Peru ia 1911 when looking for Vilcabamba La Grande, he stumbled onto the legendary sock- city oKMa- chu Ficchu.' The city to now a mecca for tourists from all over the world. fr M v ' Bingham in finding Machii Picchu believed he had found the last Inca redoubt But II . waa subsequently established the test Inca emperor, Mnro Inca Yupanqui,' or Manco IL had fled even further Into the Jungle to bury Inca treat-urea. -',.:. - ';. ,i: When Spanish conqueror reached Peru ia ISM, the Inca empire extended from what is now Ecuador to the ' north to half of Chile m the south, and reached as far as Tucuman ia Argentina,, tnv .bracing part of Bolivia, a well a all of Peru, , , , ; , ,Tb- capital of thi rich ; mpire was ia Cuxco, om 750 mile south of Lima.. . - It was from. Cuzco last month that Savoy, together ', with a Canadian auunant Douglas Sharon, 23, and a Peruvian, Antonio Santander Caselll, S3, of Cuzco, set out to . look . for , VUcabamb . Grande. .-..' , " , x. FOLLOWED ROUTE C : They followed the rout . traced by Bingham, checking hi record and - thoot of . historian of . Spanish conquistador time. , , They pierced the Jungle Interior by train for a day and then rode mule for a week, through craggy .. foot- 1 "hill to descend into the thick Jungle country nestling in th western Andes dopes. . By now, 330 .mile from Cuzco the trio retorted to machete to , hack through dense underbrush m t ravine formed at the Junction of the Chowubambe and Umbamba i' rfvert where they discovered distiibutad over a huge area Lo ' t Inca -V:;. ARCHBISHOP MAKARIOS . Cyprus government bas . pro tested these stories. The Turkish - Cypriot leader. bricks and stealing television sets. .:. - How ar they planning to vote In November? "Ph," aaid tha beefy man In a ton that indicated that he wondered why hjjs tloner even-bothered to ask, "we're all Democrats around her. We'll vot for Johnson." '.- ' . Except possibly for - (h vehemence of expression of th anti-Negro sentiment, this waa typical of th reaction elicited in a random survey of voter Sentiment in City Claimed and seemingly the remain of a city built perhaps a many as five centuries ago. .. Savoy aaid be waa aur it ' waa Vileibamba LaGrande where Emperor Menco II met death at the hands of th .panlards In 1544, " voy said h nlitd th aid of some 60 native of the region In hacking away at the den bush to bring th ruin inor Into. th open, despite Wlr fears of the unknown. V - The explorer remained at' the spot for three weeks, drawing mips and sketches and taking c-irtures whenever heavy seasonal rain lot up long enough, for them to do so. Savoy said they found highway flanked by rock wall which apparently led into the city, which had bean partially washed away by a river which k bisected. H Mid a great atone bridge stlU stood at th scene which even todav waa capable of withstanding th weight of a freight truck. Ha also rouna tracM of a primitiv irrigation system through,, which water still flowed." : ' Savov Mid hit archaeo logical finds also included two temple and th remains of what could hav been -I . palatial . residence w 1 1 n dozen of door and rooms. WROUGHT STONE ,1 ,i Ht Mid th temple wer ,of wrought ttont tmfdid not f have th architectural beauty of those found at Machu Picchu, but Jhat they were far mor extensive. Savoy M they alto found roof tile of Spanish design but with Inca carting and horseshoe which -Indicated, the Spaniards had been on the seen since horses wer . not known to th Inca. r. There were great, deposit , of ceramics in the area and , Savoy brought torn back to , Lima with him and turned . them over to srchaeologlitt for ttudy. At th Mm tim. ' he asked th government to , eiubliah a guard over th : area to prevent th region' archaeological treasures from t being looted.'.. ,,. f . . ' , '.. Savoy told newsmen the . city wu four to 10 times tt . large Machu Picchu, hitherto considered th largest of its kind in South America. . , , BOURNEMOUTH (UPI) -A trolley bus driver tied tad traffic here by trying pas another trolley using the Mm overhead wire. ' "' "I wa Just watching-th traffic," the embarrassed driver explained. -'I Just forgot 1 coaldnt pass."" Or, Faiil Kuchuk, has sent a titter to United Nstitns Secretary-General U Than! reiterating a charge that Makarios is attempting; to present.' the, UN with a solution by "the mas sacre in cold blood of one-fifth of the population of his own country (the Turkish . Cypri ot)." . FEARED WAR Even before the recent Turkish air raids ' on the island. Cyprus was gripped by war psychosis. This knitted the Creek Cypriot people closer around their revolutionary leader than at any rim sine they elected him archbishop in its, accepting him at he same time as the "ethnarch" or political leader, of the people in surviving Byzantine tradition. Fourteen years ago when Cyprus was a British colony, the two Milwaukee neighborhood ever thre day. .. ', STUDY BACKLASH ' ' The survey, which mad no pretence of being acian-tiflc, was mad to gain an Impression of th extent to ; wrjich white backlash setuii. ment in normally Democratic whit workers' - neighborhood might shift vote from President Johnson to his Republican challenger. Senator Barry Goldwater. ' Wisconsin ha riot giv ' its electoral votes to Demo I era tie presidential candidal) -sine IMA. To lake th stat. -a Democrat must run well in MilwaukM county. John t. K5?!U!ly C7.'!li.h c!0"'5' 237.707 to U7.067 in I MO. but Richard M. Nixon carried the stat by B80,17S to 130,-S05.v, ' Local labor leaders and Democratic politician r 7rl peopl and the new ethnarcb, demanded self-determination as. a ,roaa m union wita ureece. Their demand is tha same now, Makarios has popular support because for the last . eight months he has resisted the Im position of any other solution to the Cyprus problem, despite great pressure at claims been exerted upon; him by the leaders of the Atlantic alliance j to- accept cdmerwaslse that would satisfy the Turkish partner. V- Makarios has an Immense capacity (or work. During the first days of Turkish air attacks be stayed up five days and nights attending .marathon cabinet ecasiea t watch developments aa a Turkish invasion appeared CRIED IN PUBLIC He emerged from the cabinet meeting twice, looking concerned about possibl backlaah-v LEADERS AWARE They are acutMy swsr of strong anti-Negro feeling among th whit workers, but they doubt that this will be' translated into votea fori Goldwater on Nov. 3. . One . industrial u a 1 o a leader reported that th' belief was widespread in th plant- that th Civil Right. Act of 1S44 would require lot of white worker to be laid off to make room for Negro.' ' ( . - . ",-.".:-. "in Wisconsin," he said, "W hav really don a poor Job off getting to our peopl to tU them what this law i -reaUy aU about Th truth Is that Stat Civil Righu lawa are stricter than the federal We've had everything that It in th Federal law, including fair employment ' practices, " for a long tun. ' Vote Trends "W could correct th impression of the workers ' If w'd atand up and talk about -- it, but we prefer to duck it" Then b added morosely! . ' "Everybody ought to M educated, but no on is doing any planning." DIFFERENT VIEW i Another Industrial union leader had a different view of the source of anti-Negro sentiment. , "W hear 4 lot of talk . about Job." he aaid. "but t don't believe our people are worried about that. They know their contract better than that If they don't know anything lae about them, they are up on the wage and , seniority section. These ar their bread and butter. They know that seniority governs who get th Job. "If Just plain damn prejudice, that' all." The Mcond neighborhood surveyed, however, is under THIS-IS THE i - .V A GOOD MORTGAGE He KNOWS HIS MARKET. . ,. , AvsilabK, tnd ihs) mortg man who knows hit market knows exactly whert ; to flnd it, it the lowest potslble rtl for you. There art no complications; . without hedging he can quote you just what mortgage plans are available. ' HtKSdWS HIS CLIENT. . .'each individual may have a particular mortgage need. Your plans might encompass a new home, or a new mortgage for your present home, or mortgaging for home improvemenis. Jutt talk to a good . mortgage man; he has handled similar situation! before and hi can certainly ,' 'counsel you en the right procedure In your particular case. , , ;HE KNO WS HIS PROFESSION . ; until very recently a good mortgage man worked Btmost exclutively with big business. There were several good reasons f for his success in the Held of big business . . . he knew how to find a mortgage ! ; quickly ... he knew how to son out all thi details without bothering his client :' -. . . end what, big busineu liked most of all was the fact that the sefvices of v ( a geW mortgage man were FREE . ', . they stilt arc . ; . and the services that . big business like are now available to everyone. A good mortgage man knows where to find funds for you. He charges you nothing for his services . ; , hi ts paid by the company thai actually makes the ) loan., He can arrange a mortgage Jor you with an Insurance Company, a Trust Company, a Savings and Loan ' & . .1.-1. A. ft S fc . .I f-.i-' f'l jt ncy an ' the right choice. 'WW rvw.iaiv .'-.i.v"r 'I if IF YOU ...iv-' :.x- is OTTAWA'S Your Gtenview mn in nav money to icng, ana jt GtENVtEW . 'I-. ', T V t two hospitals. After comforting the dying and wounded, ha broke dowa and cried ia public. Makarios' popularity sank M IMI at the end of the four year anti-Brltlsh liberation struggle when he accepted the compro mise Zurich and London agreements. Under these, Cyprus gained Its conditional type of independence ruling out union with Greece. Though he was elected the first president of Cyprus by 7-per-cent vote, he was called a traitor by a staunch trout advocating union with Greece led by Gen, George Grivas,' military leader' of the Cypriot rev olution. Grivas recently re turned to the Island, still demanding union with Greece. Makariea says the solution U be pursued through ths UN should be for implementation ef the principle' of self-detenuin. Hon. - residential pressure. It It' hut wast of .Milwaukee' Negro section on the north '. aid and the - Negro ere moving steadily westward, u , well aa north. A whit worker' section, it it Demo-' critic in it voting habits, ' overwhelmingly a th south aid. . Here (gain th large ma-i Jority appeared to favor r Johnaon. -i. And thoa who favored Goldwater mentioned th J Civil Righu issue. Thi torn- ment from aa automohil worker painting hi fenc although1 by' no mean so j wss typical: "I think Johnson littl : easy. I mean thi racial business, h t gotta out ef hand." It win not tk a largt ' . number of voter with .audi sentiments to cause. the at- tional Democratic ticket ' ' trouble in November. .. AN lhre usually it .mpleVxmortgggc mAney Corporation, an Investment Company . ' MEASURE A GOOD MORTGAGE MAN IY HIS. SUCTP.SJ .."-J" call your Gtaview man because. - 1 V; GttteNVlEW IESl'MlSNTS LARGEST ARRANGERS OF MORTGAGE LOANS - mart is a gW mortgage man to know, In fact the WUwa,lndrus services are r ."1 gooa mortgage man win REE 1 " - k , r 1 1 -ill. - 'Tr:-"?. . OEN. GEORGES ORJVAS tired and thoughtful and considerably older than his II years, to visit air raid casualties m tnTj kit a (OTTAWA) LIMITED :V"r 77 Mtufift Strttt-':;: v counvci you on ff mortgagl . a..:,;...c; ' :y, ::

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