The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania on February 25, 1918 · Page 7
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February 25, 1918

The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania · Page 7

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Connellsville, Pennsylvania
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Monday, February 25, 1918
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MONDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1918 THE DAILY COURIER CONNEIJLSVJLLJJS f 1 PAGE SEVJST. BELGIANS FORCED TO AID GERMANS Kaiser's Officers Showed Opm Disregard of International Law. it wu uieiialta, k* consented to become the "ttnU** advocate" and defended the »y«lem in public Xkp*- WORKMEN SEIZED AS SLAVES Cardinal Mirctar Itoved to Mtt*r Condemnation of Aeti of Gorman A» thoritlM Which Arouaed D*U» tatlon of Chriattndom. Contrary to nda laid dovn ty the Hague convention, and aS pn»- aples of cvotltzed warfare, German authorities forctd Belgians to ud them m the prosecution of iht war. The committee en puttie information fines thf facts concerning these atrocious cleedt in a prmpKM frsntly mode public, from which vn take the follamng October 12,1915 the German author- It «5 took » long step In the development of their pollcv at forties the Bel- flans to* aid them in prosecuting the war The decree of that date reveal* the mutter and openly discloses a contempt 'or international lav 'Article 1. Whocrer, Without reaaon, refuses to undertake or to cooti KM work suitable to ill occupation, and t» the execution of -which the military administration Is Interested, such work being ordered bj one or more of tte military commanders, win be liable to Imprisonment not exceeding one year. He ma; also be transported to Ger- aany "In roklnt Belgian laws or even In- ternittional conventions to the contrary, can. In no case, Jnstlfy the re- fufaL to work "Article 2 Any person who by force threats persuasion or other means attempts to influence another to refuse work as pointed ont In Article 1, Is liable to the punishment of Imprisonment not exceeding fire years. "Article S. Whoerer knowingly by means of aid siren or in any other way abets a punishable refusal to weak, will b* liable to a maximum fine of 10,000 marks, and in addition may be condemned to a year's Imprisonment. If communes or associations hare rendered themselves guilty of aach an offense the heads of the communes will be panlsbed "Article 4. In addition to the penalties stated In Articles 1 and 3 the German authorities nay, i» case of need, fanposa on communes, where without reason, work has been refused, a fine ·r other coerdTe police measures. "This present decree conies Into force immediately "Der Ktappelnspektenr, ·TON TJNGBR, ·"GwwrallentiMnt. "Ghent, October 12,3M5-" "·lavary," Said Cardinal Mercitr. Cardinal Herder's brief comment Is as follows "The Injustice ana arbitrariness of this decree exceed all that conld be imagined Forced labor, collective penalties and arbitrary punishments, all are there. It is slaTcry, neither more nor less." Cardinal Mercier -was In error, for the German authorities were able to Imagine · much more terrible measure. In October 1916, when the need for *n additional labor supply io Qermany had become nrgent the German fov- ernment established the system of forced labor and deportation which has aroused the detestation of Christendom The reader will not be misled by the clumsy effort of the German a«- thoritles to mask the real purpose «f the decree "I People able to work may be compelled to work even outside the place where they live in case they have to apply to the chartty of others for the support of themselves or their dependents on account of gambling; drunkenness, loafing unemployment or Idleness; "II Every Inhabitant of the country 1*. bound to render assistance in case of accident or general danger, and al*o to gUe help In case of public calamities n« far as he can even outside the place where he lives; in case of reta- sal he roav be compelled by force. "HI Anyone- called upon to work, under Articles I or H, who shall refuse the work or to continue at the work assigned him, will incur the pen- altv of imprisonment up to three years and of a floe up to 10,000 marks, or one or other of these penalties, unless a severer penalty is provided for by the laws in force. "If the refusal to -work has been made in concert or in agreement with several persons each accomplice wijl be sentenced, as 11 he were a ring- lender to at least a weeks imprisonment. "IV The German military authorities and military court* will enforce the proper execution of this decree. THE QUARTERMASTER GEX- ERAL. SATJBERZflTEIG "Great Headquarters 3d O*obsr. 1816 Military Ruler. Responsible The responsibility for this atrodc-ns luogram rests upon the military rulers of Germany, who had labored so ret 1- tusly to Infect the army and t)i» ; rople with the principles 1 ruthlww ness. It Is significant that the derra* of October 3, 1916. followed hard upon the elevation of Hlndenburg to the ro- preme command it ith Lndendorf r.« Ma chief of «tatt In his long report of Jonnnrv 10 1917 MlnistPi \VTi1»locie says (OB file In RtaU department.) "Then, in August, Ton Hlndenburx was appointed to the supreme com- Eiond. Be is said to have criticised ^ on Biasing's policy at too mild, there was a quarrel; Ton Busing went to Berlin to protest, threatened *o resign, b it did not. Be retimed, and a Qer- irnn official acre said that Belgrmn woold now b* subjected to a note ter- nhle regime would learn what war ·was The prophecy an* »·*· Tlaoleat- «d. Recently I was told taat tka dn*- U-- aaeamraa art really at iMtffdaff* inspiration; I do not know. Jtaay Oer- nnn oBcw* aay ao." If Tea laaaajit a*« aafaaMi aat act- Icy af lijiftiMiiL w*» Ma.* dally InitnetlTi is tba following con- Tenadon reported by- Mr. F a Walevtt: "I went to Belglmil to Investigate conditions, and while there I had opportunity . . . to talk one day with Governor General Ton TUiaing, who died three or foor weeka ago, a man ·eveaty-two or serenty-three yean old a man steeped in the ^system,' bora and brad tofyie hardening of the heart which that philosophy develops. There ought to be some new word coined for the process that a man's heart undergoes when tt becomes steeped In that system '1 said to him 'Governor, what are yon going to do If England and France stop giving these people money to purchase food}' V.n BlMlnf Relied on Starvation "He said, 'We hare got that all worked ont and have had it worked ont for weeks, because we have expected this system to break down at any time.' "He went on to say, 'Starvation will grip these people in thirty to sixty days. Starvation is a compelling force, and we would use that force to compel the Belgian worklngmen many of them very skilled, to go to Germanv to replace the Germans, so that they could go to the front and fight against the English and the French' "'As fast as our railway transpor tatiou could carry them, ve would transport thousands of others that would be fit for agricultural work, across Enrop" down loto southeastern Europe Into Mesopotamia, where we have hoge, splendid Irrigation works. AD that lanij needs is water and It will blossom like the rose. "The weal, remaining, the old and the young we would concentrate opposite the firing Slix-i, and put firing squads back'of them, and force them through that line, ao that the English and French could take care of their own people? It was a perfectly simple direct frank reasoning It meant that the German government would use any force In the destruction of any people not Its own to further Its own eads "-Frederick C Wai cott, in National Geographical Hagatlne. Hay, 1OT7 A brief general view of the character of the deportations can perhaps be gained best from the report of Minister Whltlock. "The deportations began in October In the Ktape at Ghent, and at Bruges, as my brief telegrams indicated. The policy spread t the rich industrial] districts of Balnanlt, the mines and steel works stoat Charlerol were next attacked, now they"are seizing men In Brabant, even In Brussels, despite some Indications and even predictions of the civil authorities that the policy was about to be abandoned. [The etapes were the parts of Bel glum under martial law and included the province of western Flanders, part of eaatem Flanders, and the region of Tonrnai The remainder of the occupied part of Belgium was under civil government 3 Pitiable and Distressing Scene "During the last fortnight men have been Impressed here in Brussels but their seizures here are made evidently with much greater care than In the provinces, with more regard for the appearances. There was no pnblic announcement of the intention to deport, but suddenly about ten days ago cer tain men in towns whose names ore on the list of chomenrs received sum mons notifying them to report at one of the railway stations on a given day, penalties were fixed for -failure: to respond to the summons and there was printed on the card an offer of employ ment by the German government, either In Germany or Belgium On the nrat day ont of about 1 500 men or dered to present themselves at the Cart rdn Midi about 750 responded. These -were examined by German physicians and 300 were taken There was no disorder, a large force of mounted Uhlans kropLi; back the crowds and barring Access to the stn tion to all but those who had been summoned to appear The commis sion for relief in Belgium had secured permission t* give to each deported man a loaf of bread, and some of the communes provided warm clothing for those who had none and in addition n small financial allowance Aa by one of the ironies of life the winter has been more excessively cold than Bel glum has ever known It, and nhlle many of tboce who presented themselves were adequately protected against the cold, many of them were without overcoats The men *hU ering from cold and fer, the parting from weeping wives and children, the barriers' of brutal Uhlans all this made the scene a pitiable and dls Crossing one , "It was understood that the seizures would continue nere in Brussels, but on Thursday last, a bitter cold day, those that had been convoked were sent home without examination It is supposed that the severe iveathcr has moved tbe Germans to postpone the deportation " REORGANIZED RUSSIAN LEGION IN FRANCE ADOPTS THE GLORIOUS STARS AND STRIPES Couldnt Help It Editor--Tour poem contained many sparkling gems Poet--Indeed' Editor--les, thev flashed when th« flames caught them FICKLE _ "Da yon think yon cm(l«i be true ta OM nun for 1 lifetime'" "I WHir enattU tat not to the aju~ GERMAN HONOR DRAGGED IN BUST Solemn Promises Made to Belgians Proved to Be Worse Than Worthless. ALL APPEALS WERE FLOUTED PRINCETON PLAYER SCORES A VICTORY 1 Hobey" Baker, former Princeton football star and hnckey plaver recently scored a victors for the American aviation corps in Prance when he sent a German airplane crashing to the (rround 'somewhere' on the west ern front The photograph shows Baker In mtU Itary garb Somewhere in Trance Eddy a First Lieutenant. John Eddy, former Princeton ath lete has been promoted from second lieutenant to first llenten int on rec ommendatlon. of Brigadier General Keonon. FOOTBALLS SENT TO FRANCE More Than 1,000 Ball*, Purchased by Harvard Graduates, Sent to American Soldiers. Fred W Moore Harvard unJverslty I ffradrfftte treasurer, ha« sent more than ! 1 000 footballs to American soldiers In i France. They ivere purchased with funds supplied br Harvard graduates [ and were sent to France tiirough the Eed Cross Fully four-fiftlis ot the ( consignment were soccer footballs the chief reason for the ^election btingi that neither the equipment nor the fields were qualified ro meet the demands ot the gridiron sport ^hUe soccer like baseball may be pHyed almost anywhere and without extensive equipment JACK WILCE ENLISTS IN MEDICAL RESERVE CORPS GIVES MEDALS TO COLLEGE Lieutenant R !cb»rda, Fo rmer Star ^ Athlete, Makes Precentitlon to University of Utah First 1 ieutpnanf Alma W "Richards, Cornell unhersitj s former star nth lete has presented to Brlghara To ing nnlvenltv at Prvo TJ'ah hit, large and vaJua*]e collection of medals trophy cnps statuettes etc wh ch he*' won in various competitions in the lnst [ fe^\ years This Is the Institution where Richards performed in *he early pirt of his field career Club for Motorcyclists The Jxett To-k Motoicvclc club v\I!l build a clubhouse and LStnUUsh per manent quarters at Amit\Ille Long Island Men und women motorcjcli"ts ulll be eligible to membership Practice in Tournaments, In future amateur balkline bllliird tournevs contestants will be allowed five mmntes preliminary nractlce 113 advance of a championship match Coach Jack Wilce \vho piloted Ohio 'ftn.tL to footlmH Uiniaplonfehips in 3010 und 1937 has enlisted in the medi cal enlisted rcsme corps He will fln Jsh his Bourse in medicine at Ohio state before being caJIed for active service. JIMMY BRETON AERO PILOT Guilford Will Fly. Jesse Guilford "n ho hab been acting as i golf partner for Frincifl Quimet, has passed his e-oiminatlon for v trance Into the array avi ition service Former White Sox Player Accepted as Aviator by Government--Graduate of Illinois Jimmy Breton former Wbite Sox third bascmun, has been accepted as an aviator by tie government Breton v as signed by the Sen: as a result of h E -ste'lar work for the University of Illinois nine He is a graduate of the pnglnrwlng ilepiitment of the school and had no dlfilcaltv passing either the phjsicil or the technical examinations rou'VE ten ro FIGHT TOR so3iE,ONEi" THE MANDATE of* THE NEW DRAFT AGREEMENT WITH BRITAIN AND CANADA "Yoo've £ot to fight for someone 1 " riiafa practically what the new in- ieratianal draft arrangement between the United States and Great Britain says to every one of the 200,000 Britishers and Canadians re- tiding in the United States. The idea that qnly British subjects of the Ajnencan draft a^e--21 to 81---will be liable to conscription, ia entirely erroneous, becxnae the new agreement with Great Britain ·ad Otrnda prondei that the sttb- .TeetR o/ the bcro countries between aces of rwesty and forty ream e ihall be liable for military a priznineat officer of the and Canadian Beenntzng Munon declared today Kvtrj day the fmnBar British "Carry cm!** Kama n«rw«r and m^oiunfE. So far as Graai iad Canada are concerned, A«7 are determined to ngrtt OB nntil beaten. Major Donald Guthne of the Canadian Army, who spent two and one- half years at the front m France, told bis young son that if wounded, he most get back to the casualty clearing station at the earliest possible moment to avoid the consequences of gaa gangrene. The boy wa3 woondcd, hut continued to fight for five boors. When reproved later by the major, he maid. "Why, father, what conld I do * Our major and I were the only officers left, and a» ne lay on the CTonnd before me, he called oat, 'Carry or I' and died and I stayed ratal the attack was repelled." That is the spmt behind, the words "Carry on 1 " Major Gothnc's son enlisted as a private and is now a cap- tara rn the Canadian ErpsditionaTy Force* Jtwt before dawn i« s favoriU tbne for troops in France to move up to the front line trenchu and pre- pare for the day's work Silhouetted against th e s | J y i tjjey ate no t on ]y determined but picturesque as weli as they "Carry on " Moving up the guns ID Wance is an interesting bat difficult maneuver o-wmg to the soft character of th« ground and the great weicht of the enns. Despite the labor involved, the men are always cheeri-1 fcecausa the £t"is are moving toward the enemv When the biu British puns *r» shelling the German trenched, the noise of the cannonading is often heard on the south coast of Kent. England, and ever as far as the outskirts of London "Can the Germans break throuch on the Western frort?" Major Gnth- ne wal asked "Two and a half yoarn leo they conld not do It, and they might a well try to pnll the sun from th» heavens n» to break througn now,*! ·yra* the spirited ivply Pathetic and Dignified Supplications of Municipal Governments Answered by Rebuke and Heavy Fine Imposed by General Hopfer. Oier the earnest protest of Cardinal Zlercicr heroic h-cad of the church in Belgmm the terrible plans of the /..aisero Jujfc officers roncermng the deportation of the people v,cre earned out 3he iol- e nnly pledged word of the German governor general of Belgium counted j nothing in iht. malignant haic iAonn- by the laisers creatures Cardinal Mercier attempted to per sundG the German authoritiPS to abac' don tliwr terrible plans for tfao sei/ure o£ Belgians to assist In the proaecu tion of the \\ai reminding them of their soli inn promises in the p\bt Maliues lOtii October, 1910 "Mr Governor General ' The day after the surrender of Antwerp the frightened population aslied itself what would become of the Bel glinfi of age to bea* arms or who would rejch that age before the end of the occupation The entreaties of the fa thers and mothers of families deter mined me to Question the governor of Antwerp Baron von Huene, -who had the kindness to reassure me and to authorize me In Ms name to reassure the agonized parents The rumor h«d spread at Antwerp nevertheless, that at Llpge, J»araur am] Cnarleroi young men had been seized end taXeii by force to Germany I therefore begged Governor von Huene to be good enough to confirm to me in writing the guarantee which he had given to me orally to the effect that nothing sim liar -would happen at Antwerp He said to me Immedlatelv that the ru mors concerning deportations were without basis, and unhesitatingly he sent me in writing among other statements, the following Toung men have no reason to fear tnnt they will be ta ken to Germany either to be there enrolled la the army or employed for forced labor' "This declaration, written and signed, was jpublidy transmitted to the clergy and to those of the faith of the province of Antwerp, as your excellency can see from the document enclosed herewith, dated October 16th, 1014 which was read In nil the chnrch- es Solemn German PromlBcc Broken ' Dpon the arrival of your predecessor, the late Baron von der Goltz at Biussels I had the honor of presenting myself at his house and requested him to be good enough to ratify for the entire country without time limit, the guarantees which General von Huene" had given me for the province of Ant werp The governor general retained this request In his possession In order to examine it at his leisure The following day he was good enough to come In person to Malines to bring me his approval and confi-med to me, in the presence of two aides-de-camp and of my private secretary, the promise that the liberty of Belgian citizens would be respected "To doubt the authority of such un dertaUngs would have been to reflect upon the person* wbo had made them, and I therefore took steps to allay, by all the means of persuasion la my power, the anxieties which persisted in the Interested families "Notwithstanding all this, your government cow tears from their homes workmen, refinced in spite of theii efforts to a state of unemployment, eep- jrntes them by force from their wives and children and deports them to enemy territory Numerous workmen have already undergone this unhappy lot, more numerous are those who are threatened with the same acts of violence Mercler 1 * Moving Appeal "In the name of the liberty of domicile and the liberty of work of Belgian citizens, in the name of the inviola- b Ilty of families; In the name of mor al Interests which the measures of deportation would gravely compromise. In the name of the word given by the governor of the Province of 4jitwerp and by' the governor general, the immediate representative of the highest authority of the German empire, I respectfully beg yonr excellency to be good enough to withdrew the measures of forced labor and of deportation an nounced to the Belgian workmen, and to be good enough to reinstate in their homes those who have already been deported "Tour excellency will appreciate how painful for me v, ould be the weight of the responsibility that I would have to bear as regards these families, if the confidence which they have given vou through my agency and at my request were lamentablv deceived ' I persist In believing that this will not be the case Accept, Mr Governor General tlie assurance of ojy very high considera tion. "D J CABDQf AL MBRCIER "Arch of Malines " Municipal governments in Belduin appealed to the German authorities to diiserve iheir promises The t« o documents which follow Illustrate Belgian appeals and German unsv ere "In tho matters of the ^requisition made bv the, German authorities on Oc- »ober 20 1010 (requisition of a list of workmen to be drawn up bj the. mu nlcipalitv) 1 Tho municipal council rsohcs to maintain Its attitude of refusal "It further foels It lt duty to place on record the following "The city of Tonrnol IB prnparpd to submit unreserved!} to all the exigencies authorized by the laws and cus torns of \\ftr Xlfe sintoUO uuiiiot be question* d For more than tn o -\ cars tt ha;, uubiultted to ihe German occu jiatlon duitnc whiO iiu 0 u hat longed and lived at close quarters with the German troops, yet It has displayed perfect composure and has refrained from nu act of hostility, proving therebj that it Is animated by no idle spirit of bravado "In his declaration dated September 2 1914, the German go%ernoc general of Belg'um declared I ask none to renounce lus patriotic sentiments * "The citj of Inurnjl reposes confidence 'n tins dec iratlon, which It is bound to consider a the sentiment of tlie German eniperor in whose name tLe governor ^ener il vfls speaking In iccc prin^ UK inspiration of honor and IHlriotiaui the cits is loval to a fundamental do*j the loftiness of which m bt lie apparent to anj German office'* The citv Is confident that the st-nfniiuoiw irclness and clearness of thib attitude ^111 prevent any misun- ilcr-itjndlni,' atis'nj; between itself and the G"rmm armv Answer Is Lecture and Fine. ' Tonrnai 23id Octobci 191P "In permitting itself through the i n c d i i r u of municipal resolutions to oppofic the orders of the German mill- ran authorities in the occupied tcr- il on^thP city is guiltv of an unexam- plpd ano^ance and of a complete rois- 1 idol-standing of the situation created b\ the fct tto of v a 1 " 'Hip di ir and sirnnle situation' is in reilav the following "liif m IiL-r* authorities order tne i U to obc-i Ulhu-wise UIL citr"mubt bpar the h L a \ y consequences as I li i\e pointed 011 in rnv previous explanations The general commanding the armv has infiictod on the cit\--on account of its ^efusal up to date tp furnish the lists drmanded--a punitne con trlbutlon of 200 000 m irks -nlnca must bo paid within the m-rt six elavs beginning -with todT. The general also adds that until such linn v all the lisis demanded are in his hands, for every day In arrears heKmulns «lth Decemt r 31 J81C n sum of 20,000 marks -«I11 be paid hj the rity "HOPFER, JIaJor General, j Etappen Kommandant" The Commission Syndlcale of Bel I gian workingmen also attempted to in| duce the German authorities to aban- ' don their terrible plans Recited Wrongs of Workmen. ' Commission Svndicale of Belgium "Brussels 30th Oct. 1916 [To the Governor General of Belgium ] "Excellencj The measures which, are being planned fy your administration to force the unemplojed to work for the invading power the deportation of our unhnppj comrades which has begun in the region of the etapes move most profoundly the entire working class in Belgium ' The undersigned, members und representatives of the great central socialist and independent syndicates of Belgium -nonld consider that they had | not fulfilled their duty did they not ex I press to you the painful sentiment wluch agitate the laborers and convey I to you the echo of their touching complaints They have seen re machinery taken from their factories the most diverse kind of raw materials requisitioned the accumulation of obstacles to prevent the resumption of regular work, thje disappearance one by one of e-, ery public liberty of n bleb, they were proud. For more than t^o years the laboring class more than anj other has been forced to undergo the most bitter trials, experiencing misery and often hunger v,hlle its children far away fight and die, and the parents of these children can never convey To them the affection with which their hearts are overflowing Pathetic Appeal Disregarded. "Our laboring class has endured everything with the utmost calm an3 the most impressive dignity repressing Its sufferings, its complaints and heavy trials sacrificing everything to Its ideal /of liberty and independence. But the measures which have been announced will make the population drain, the dregs (of the cup) of human Borrow , the proletariat, the poor upon whom unemployment has been forced, citizens of a moden^ state are to be| condemned to forced labor without I having disobeyed aay regulation or ,order "In the name of the families of workmen among which the most pain" ful anxiety reigns at present, whose* mothers whose fiancees, and whosa little children are destined to shed so many more tears, we beg your excel-i lency to prevent the accomplishment) of this painful act, contrary to International law, contrary to the dignity of the working classes, contrary] to everything which makes for worthl and greatness in human natrue. "We beg your excellency to pardoni our emotion and we otter you the horn | age of our distinguished consideration." 1 (Appended are signatures of mem-j bers of the national committee and] the Commission Svndicale ) Von Bissing in his reply, JTovemDerl S, practlcallv admitted the truth of the' complaint by attempting to justify the measures protested against. Grammar. Tou say a kiss must be a noun Fv« really no compunction To leH ou that jour parts of speech Are jnlxea-- Us a conjunction --Pitt Panth«r Doesn't Care Who Is Stuck. "Is he good to his wife' "Ven He lets hei have everything and am thing the stores will trust him for ' Not That District. He--They sa\ the woman's vote in ilils district is. ien light She--Nothing of the sort Nearlv eiory wonmn registered is-a brunette. Educated Holty--I'm told slip speiks several lanjrunges loin--les golf po!o nnd borse^-- Town Topics. Appropriate Remark NVLnt Old tilt Jiillcn jockey »ny nhui tln\ jHilliil blm from uader his pro^mile roouin' "13e Krid Taat is a horse on me!* n Quite So, Wife--The photographer yon sent out here simply mapped the children, and ihs nooM and then vent alt He--J «ML- A COM of nap u4 ft. , t

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