The Ottawa Journal from Ottawa,  on August 15, 1964 · Page 35
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August 15, 1964

The Ottawa Journal from Ottawa, · Page 35

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Ottawa, Canada
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Saturday, August 15, 1964
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By A. V. Stanton Thrt It no doubt that lawn are of much belter quality today than aver before. This Is most likely due to the increased um of good mowing equipment, more liberal um of high analysis fertiliier and the in-creaied uk of herbicides and insecticide. However, a problem more frequently encountered today than in previous yeart it a problem known ai "thatch." Dr. Robert Sohery. Director of the Lawn Institute and world authority on lawns, has this to say about thatch which should he of interest to all - readers. . "Thatch, in simple definition, la undecomposed vegetation that accumulates in sod at the toilturfact. ' "Higher plants produce "new leaves continuously, which eventually die and drop to the solL If conditions are favor- ' able for decay, the old leaves soon become one with the soil, and highly regarded hu-enus. "One reason for increased thatch in lawn may be the-, modern demand for dense grass. Varieties are chosen which produce a lot of leaf age, and are forced to reaujr icai proouaion oy gen- Cmiii rout fertilization. Decay does - not keep pace, and may even br Interfered with because antiseptic chemicals are used. "There are said to be dire consequences resulting from thatch, ranging from mechanical smothering to the harboring of disease and paste. "la this the price the mod-era home owner must pay for luxuriance? Perhaps it la, for II out lawn buffs. ., "But It U worth poiritlng out . that among the better lawn , grasses, old favor tt Kentucky bluegrasaes. and fine fescues auca as Chewing. Illabee and Pannlnwn, have made many lawns sparkle before thatch became so 'recognized.' "Both Kentucky bluegrait . and the fine fescue spread by underground runners, grow gracefully erect above ground. ' When the lowermost leave - t .1 f SMOOTH SAILING AHEAD Types of Sailing ; Boats ' ' 'Threughout the world may ' ; ' be found aa almost Infinite V variety at ships end boats which rely upon the wind tor a ' their propulsion. From the point of view of the would-be yachumaa today, . however. , there are, broadly speaking, three different forms of hull design employed la the con- ' structioa of a sailing vessel. Obviously, a a boat la to ' " be propelled by the wind, tts '' bull most be designed to pro-'' vide forces which will both bold the boat upright and prevent It front being blown - sideways through the water. ' ' The various solutions to this problem result m the three types referred to above. Tbeae ' are: i l.Tba keel boat. t S. The shallow draft vessel ;: with a centre-board or drop i . keel (which can be raised or ' lowered as required). 1 The multi-hull, suck as . .. the catemaran or trimaran. - ;. The deep keel design, nor- . malty found In larger yachts . " audi as the 11-meter class T which compete for the '-. America Cup obtain most ; of their subilfty or "righting movement" from a heavily ballasted deep keel which Is , moulded into tne unaerwaier shane of tne vessel. In the centre-board fletlgn, , on the ether hand, the greater , pert of the .tabllity js .pro- - r09 V JT V," ' Beam, m a nun wmtn many also of shalbw draft. A relatively light centre-board , or plate, of lerge area it extended below the hull to are- ' vent the boat from moving sideways through the water. Obviously since small boat of this latter design do not " possess the "righting s e v e-tent" resulting from ballast or . weight dowa low tn the boat, the movement of the. , crew tt the windward tide . become Important If the beat It W ho held upright egalnst the pressure of the wind. This is why w see. In email boat racing, the crew hiking or loaning well out to wind- , ward, as illustrated. . In the catamaran, stability Is achieved by having two bull placed ' some distance apart, and vessels of this design will alwsys all upright . or nearly so. They too posses centre-board to res train their movement sWewsy through 'the 'water. are exhausted, there is scant chance of their not crumbling to the soil where humidity conditions are conducive to decay. "In contrast, trailing grasses that spread by ground runners such as southern lawn specie a a d creeping bentgfasa weave mat of living stems that holds soil 'bugs.' On these grasses thatch can accumulate to troublesome proportions, and among beat grasses the more erect varieties such as Highland, develop thatch more slowly .than do fast-growing creepers." . , w . It is obvious then that a healthy well fertilized lawn will accumulate thatch more quickly. This situation is aggravated by Infrequent mowing and allowing the grass (6 become too long. Dense clippings should be removed either with a "clipping catcher," I a broom, take or a fawn sweeper- of some kind. d ." ' If thatch has already accumulated, one of the new vertical cutting mowers, which eHce turf and hook out the dry thatch material, should be employed. These machines may be available from most large ardea aouioment dealer and ju, some Instances they might ..... .. , Be ava:itie tor rem. u ir possible that If your lawn is, very bad, that some of the Ottawa lawn specialists might have such a machine and treat your lawa for you. . Thatch. If allowed to build up uncontrolled, caa injure your lawa in many ways, in addition to simply smothering the grass and preventing water from, penetrating - to the soil. It can, and will, harbor many disease organisms and also contribute to their more rapid spread. It my also form such an impervous crust that' it actually prevents emergence of new shoots. Fertilizer applied to the surface s prevented from filtering dowa to the soil. So-called "sod binding" or over-crowd- -ing and poor, air circulation ' are also serious results of' a heavy thatch build-up. For moat people buying a house la the ma)or mvestment of thetr-Hves. j,uf.. But some people have watched the value Of their home deteriorate, not be-' cause, the home itself wasn't property maintained, but because a changing neighbor- hoed has driven dowa prop-arty value, ' V"- . A year ago, the Glebe Bust- -nets and Development . Association was formed at a din- ' meeting in- St- Gilea church. This d timer netted aa a . .w. , privet homeowners.-. ; '"' The work of the association aver this pest year has changed the face of the Glebe. , " V vv.:r' ;:,, v.-V- v PART OP THE Glebe's problem cajne from noo-resi-dent landlords. . ' "Some landlords didn't care anything about the upkeep of their properties since they'd bought them in the hope that the toning would soma day be changed to commercial thereby tner easing- property value," say Major H. M. ou. v y. "But the'big danger wa that neglected rental property made the. resident homeowners hesitant to tpead money re decorating and maintaining their home." Men like Major Bell, Dr. Courtney Evan. Harold Mo-Keen. Cliff Taggart and ether Marled persuading Glebe homeowners that It wa Wottb- while to plant new lawn and floweri and to re-decorate their homes particularly to Glebe w&r1 lip m pts, ; 13-Mile Long Sau It Shuttle Vital Link in Ottawa River From 1860 to 1910 this squat wood-burning angina made railway history when it puffed -its way around the curvet of the Ottawa River shoreline, snorting disdain- , fully it the Long Siult Rapid at it led its two dumpy pjssengar cars over a ' 1 3-mile broad-gauge' strc:chx from Carillon to GrenvUlt, ', In its lush Confederation)' yeart, tt once took the Prince , of Wale and bit gay entour- ; age around the rapid oa'hit mission to lay the corner-stone of the Parliament Buildings at Ottawa;., (. . . , Later, in Itt coamopoliUn ' career during the boom period of . river i irtMportetton, II , hauled anyone and everyone .who. could afford the fart-f. from, our native "hsute znonde" to red-shirt ed riverw -menat a tpeed of 23 mite' ' aa hoar? :f ..' And art Its last daya ft received. tha homage and re-:; ' tpect that go with age and -dittingnwhed service when fsmout engine designers of . two continents came to watch it in action and take Its pressure at it panted up-grade. ; . Now all that it left of an , early railway system on our Ottawa at a length of funnel -and two pinch bars. ., , ; j .: . t THUS THE UFE span of this.pioaeer locomotive, named the "Ottawa"; which was or.ce the pride of the famous Carillon Crenville ' Railway, one of the oldest la Canada and the shortest in America ' 'Vigilantes To Preserve Area Property If everyone began doing to. . IN RE-PAINTING or Inv ' proving their homes. Glebe residents bad free professional ' advice to draw oa because one of the leading light of the Glebe association was Third Avenue homeowner John Leaning, a well known CMHC ",f 'M , Mr. Leaning who worked under M. Le Corbusier ht. Paris and alto bad a general architectural practice to Sweden before coming to Canada likes to gracioswnea ' the older home m the G'ebe. . Generally, he advises homeowners to use white paint for 'trim since It emphasize the ornamental scrolls , and brackets which are featured on many Glebe homes. 3ut occasionaHy, be hat advised white or yellow a the basic color, wtta a oiacx or dark grey trim. And ha hat often pi escribed a bright tad or turquoise at aa accent color In a door, ornamental panel or window box. ., Keen gardeners hi the association advised other homeowners on bow to plant new lawns using '' shade type grass to areas where Ib-year-aIH . trM kent nniinarv lawns span. Resident were encouraged ahrube eix to plant new hedge, replace .patio and concrete walk soyhat outdoor garden ' '' M ' . As for the railway itself, t short stretch of the ancient ; right-of-way caa. still be traced as it passes through a . part of the village of Carillon. This unique railway once was an important link In the Lower Ottawa transportation system. Up-river travellers from Montreal disembarked from i steamer, at Carillon, boarded this little train which carried them the 13 miles to ' Crenville, and then transferred to another tteemer to complete the Journey to Ot-tawa. This process was re- : versed on the down-river run. 1 ' ' ' - ,'-' According to one source, the "Orillon-Grenvtlle Rsil- way of Canada" was once' called the "Old Sykes Une after William Sykes, one of the Enajish. contractors who ' constructed it This railroad , was built aa pert of a projected1 Bytown railway route, connecting at Montreal with Quebec City. ; . '. The Carjllon-Grenville section bypassing , the Long Sault rapids was all , that . was ever completed. U. was eventually sold by the sheriff - to a company which included the Hon. John J. C Abbott (later Sir John J- C Abbott, the Brat Canadian-born prima ; minister). Judge Cross and Messrs. Courtland and Freer. , later, in 1864. tbn shares of - the railway were acquired by the newly organized Ottawa River Navigation Company, under the presidency of Captain R. W. Shepherd. Eventu- , ally the . railway lost . its Patrol Streets rooms 'became part of many . cast where id lot were left homes. . : untended end flourished with ' ' i ir ; it - dendelions. or where lawn ENCOURAGING co-opera- were used for the storage and two homeowners who want to accumulation of Junk. ,. ,. preserve their property value .W - , . .f v is ana thing. : ''''MANY PEOPLE will say : But what to do about ten- that police should not hav anu and ,abente landlord M be prodded Into noticing who don't care If the area ' tnlt bylaw are being broken, doe turn Into an urban lum gut the police have many . The Glebe association boned tasks to keep them occupied, up en the bylaws that era de- . and the usual reaction to stKned to . protect property'! such things at lawn parking. ' value from being depreciated I In residential area. Then they; ' began to Insist that the laws I be enforced. I' . One bylaw that wai -per- petually being flouted con-' cemed parking. Some land-. lord solved the difficulty of four or five families Nving In '; a alngl family home by al, '' lowing tenants to park on j lawn, tlnee tberb wa garage or driveway space for only' one: car. v. " ' Two, member of the Glebe association ' volunteered far "car vigilante" dutyThey petrolled -the Glebe In their own car.; When they saw cars parked on lawns or left overtime on the street or In no perking tones, they, phoned the police. They kept calling the police until a con-, table Called on the offending motorist and told him that he wa breaking the law , and must move his car.' - . Similar action was token la - r . . identity when tt became merged into a later railway system. And finally even its . roadbed was abandoned. ' , ' w ' FOR - YEARS, - however, with Its quaint puffing wood-t burning apparatus, the "Ottawa" was a feature of river. ' transport. . . 1 The railway was of old Irish broad gauge of five feet -six inches (atandard gauge in most countries today It four feet 8'4 inches). The locomotive, built in Liverpool -in 1848, presented a remarkable ' appearance with its great breadth of beam and . two cow -catchers, one oh each V and. The tails were U-shaped ': and of iron...,:' . ,. ', ', ., ; While this railway served 'as a connecting link around the Long Sault rapids between Carillon and Crenville, . It was complemented by a fleet of river steamers. On the down-river run, ' the famous, steamer. "Empress" (which has nostalgic , memories for thousands of ,. Ottawa ' and Valley people) , took It Ottawa passenger destined for Montreal as far' as Granville where this train , took them to Carillon where . they boarded the steamer. "Sovereign" for Montreal , ' i , . ' . SOME YEARS AGO In a letter to this writer (enclos-Ing a snap of the train). Albert J. McLaurin, of Cornwall, described a trip be made on this route m the ' Uta 1890't: "The Empress left Ottawa 'and weed violation tt "well. 1 nobody minds, what does It matter. .; J " . J, The Glebe "vigilante" set out lb show that residents DID mind and that H did matter. , In cases of homes where broken windows, deltpidated verandahs, garbage on lawns Sc..' had ' roused the wrath ' nearby residents, complaints were mad to t h e Housing Standards Board. ,' ' . ',', . - . THE GLEBE ' "vigilante" admit that saving a residential community le a lot of work, tt Might have been easier to have moved out to a new district , ' , But members don't want to move. They like their substantial home. . the convenience . of centretown living, and the ' proximity to the Rl I d t a a Canal and Driveway. . w ) ' ' And because of the 'new; lawn end, 'new decor of so . many Glebe .homes, they say ? . ' vv. Service Travel at am. It had a salon and bar. - There was also a large, glass pitcher of . lemonade in the lounge-When it got low. an attendant added water.' It was pretty weak stuff at Granville. "At Granville the passenger were transferred to the railway. There were two trains consisting of locomotive, passenger car, and second car which was half passenger and half baggage. The locomotives had the names "Ottawa" and "Gren-Ville" in large brass letters under the cab window. The trains met at a . siding at - Stonefleld. half way between the terminals- There was no way of turning the engines so they made one trip run-Ing backwards. . ,.V . "The steamer Sovereign made the trip between Carillon and Montreal, , going through the lock at St Anne de Bellevue, running the 1 Lachine rapid, and arriving at Montreal at six o'clock. This was the set up in the 1690s when I mode the trip.". Some of the noted captains of the Empress and its sister ships were: Captain Alexander Bowie (forebear of Col. Tom Bowie), Captain Robertson, CapUin Fred Elliott snd Captain E. Percy Shepherd. But all these great river captain are sleeping - their long sleep and their stately ship have long since rotted at forgotten ports of call.,. .(Caerrlebti ' i v - - . , By Frances Baldwin .',. ' '' ;. that the trend has beea re-, "versed.. ' . ' r' ' Property values are oa the ' mcreaae. Co 1 pride of owe- . erthip- . . .. .( r. . ' Once again, the Glebe It becoming a highly sought-after ' residential community tn ' which to Itve. . :-v?k. L t Values . ' FROM THE FROGPOND -There may be bits about birds in this , column, but for once today's offering is mainly addressed to fellow campers, people who own or want to have cottages or shacks in the country. i All of us. and particularly those who like myself are .past W. face this problem: how much mechanization or "Improvement" can you Introduce Into a shack in the woods before it becomes utterly urbanized and therefore ruined? w At our shack here at the Frogpond, for If year we have cooked all meals on a 'wood stove, using our own wood, end have heated the place with a box stove having a li foot chimney pipe running through both bedrooms. We have carried water from the lake for cooking; no running water in the house; no plumbing, etc.: And we have"cherished a magnificent out door privy which double lor a birdwatch-ing blind and re to ices, for complicated historical reasons in the name of "HMCS Peregrine, Mark Two." For refrigeration, at first we had ke cut from our lake In Winter and stored . fca a square ice - bouse wtth sawdust. When M pound tumps became' hard to handle, and obstinately stuck together, we took tq transporting tt-pouad ones up from the. city. The Idea wa to .keep the' place at natural a possible, with no noisy pump to dis- turb birds and animal: and , to keep ourselves occupied with pleasant uncltified tasks such as drawing water, cutting .kindling etc. -Everyone agreed that "the place wa "unspoiled" that birds .and animals such a racoons, chipmunks, groundhogs etc., were at home there not so much "tame" as untuned by our presence.) -,.:. a. ' , It was evident all along that a time went on and wa grew Older wa would have to ub- mil to some ."urbanization" M we i were to go en using the " shack.. ,. . . This Summer, a "crisis" or . "watershed" - was reach e d when I was packed off to hoa-pital for an operation. Fearing that I would be unable to tote Ice blocks or carry water, etc, for a time. Miss Ann Francis quickly had the place mint-mumly mechanized while I wes but of circulation. -' lea is now taken care of, ' with a propane gas refrigerator. -Water Is now pumped e frost the lake with a gasoline . pump into a large tank which provides running water. For : good measure, wa have a propane gas stove, with oven, for as when It is too hot to use a wood stove conveniently and ,. to provide quick meal or a 4MttrkMr bird and animala? Hardly at all. since H ha to be run only about II minute a week r and It not a noisy, one.' i And the wood stove? Wa still cook on it with the great-eat Joy. for many dishes, and us tt to keep the place agree- ,. ably warm when ft le not cold : enough for the big box stove. ' And In fact I still carry t some water from the lake because wa like H fresh for . cooking, though the tank water does for washing dishes, etc. - A typical large home iri the Olebe that has recently been where an Individuals eflorts refurbished-! ine ennanc ment of case the Whole area. By JOHN BIRD 3 Saturday Section THE OTTAWA JOURNAL 35 ... SATURDAY. AUGUST 15, 19M Ottawa in Confederation Era Pkotostoryby ' Harry J.Walker' mm : ew- ifK r v w m aa ns, . t. In Short.' the place Is not noticeably "ruined." so far, by mechanization. Miss Fran-' cis was brilliantly wise to make the adjustment now, when there was the good excuse. Far better than waiting a few years until sheer old- . age compelled the change. That wpuld have meant only admission of defeat. Effected now. the Improvements represented a victory-making it possible for us to use the place as soon as I got out of hospital: Mis' Francis is a psychologist, not ft) call her a captive psycbieiriat But clearly, there Is a polos' u'""l"uun ,n wouviami anacs can ruin n. i This lies partly in the place I itself, partly in the miad of the owner. . , ' As neighbor Qrtne Dier put It to us: "There are people who use a country place mere- , ly as a picture window on 1 pleasant scenery. They want : only to look at it occasionally, , not to be part of it. Not for ! them s cutting wood or clear- I ing brush." i Not for them, indeed, are I concern for. participation in ! and understanding of the lives I and way of animals, birds. trees. Rowers. Such people change their scenery but not t 1 their minds and hearts by ; coming from city so country. Of this, more anon perhaps. ' - Now briefly about birds. Grand letter from Mrs. J. v. R. Fauteux. Laaark, with mack information and asking numerous question! How to get rid of "BUck-birds?" Meaaiag Bronzed Gracklet. 1 fudge. Why U rt necessary, since she has a fine- list of other birds coexisting with them, snywayT ' How to (eed lost or ebsa-doned aettlingt? Mrs. Fauteux doe a well as, most people by using aa eye-dropper. However, ahe might read "The Bird That Made Good." by Mrs. Lucius Bee be. about a Purple Finch raised by eye- dropper and other methods. It had fallen front the nest as aa unfledged "foundling," - She asks what Is the bird i with . a song like "scissors , grinding musically." Blowed, if I know. Can any reader make a guess? I wonder If she means the wiry "downward" song of the Veery. like a Jew's barp. Surely not the "rusty gate", noise of Grackles? F. A. Wale, of Smiths Falls, writes asking the name of the ' M bird guide recently mentioned a this column. Answer: Roger Tory Petersen's pocket guide to "The Birds of Eastern North America." This it inditpenaeble for working In the field, but it for brd-we cYnt addicts. Expensive. For beginner 1 recommend either of the two ot-cent "Pocket Guide." and Peterson's "How- to Know the Birds." Next year we wil afl be getting end rejolc ng la the definitive - Canadian work, a , 9. "V-de of Canada" by ' Earl Godfrey, Illustrated by .'-1 frety". It will replace the .beloved but now outdated "Trf o? Canada" by Tavem-ar. The Queen's Publisher s'.wuld have it ready early la IMS I hope. v - r PJ. Surprising visitor: ' Mist Ruth A. Walker reports ': a Woodcock spending ell day , "a her. large garden, situated , 'n the cen're of town at Perth, Ont. Observed at leisure by herself and neighbors, Mrv-and Mrs. Home. : --.. have contributed to . 1:4 -i 1 'ill t fr-aaV aW4k taV .-tV ska.aA tJuuM - - - - - - - - - UAiM,l.l A 4-J

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