Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia on July 23, 1972 · Page 13
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July 23, 1972

Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia · Page 13

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Charleston, West Virginia
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Sunday, July 23, 1972
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Page 13
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l3A "" Jnly ** Cooling Anyplace you sit these days is a hot seat, but these two found a cool place to sit during Friday's 94-degree heat wave. Frank Curry of Dunbar and his eight-year-old son, Wesley perched on a 300- pound cake of ice at the North Pole Ice Co. The heat wave, described by a National Weather Service spokesman as "a little on the high side," will continue until Tuesday. (Staff Photo by Leo Chabot) S.S. Representatives List Visits Representatives of the Social Port Security Administration will vis- each it MX Southern W«et Virginia towns during Augwt. Repfeuotatiyeu will visit, the I-orents BuikSug in Clay from a.m. to 1 p.m. Aug. 14 and ; the Boone County Courthouse in Madison, each Thurs-Courthouse day from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m.; the Office In Montgomery Tuesday from 10 a.m. to 2:30 p.m.; the City Hall in Richwood, Aug. 2, 9 and 23 from f a.m, until noon; the Fadera Building in Sumnmsville, U:30 a.m. until 1:30 p.m. Aug. 1, 8 and 22; and the Putnam County Courthouse in Winfiekl, 10 a.m until noon Aug. y and 21. NTED Man wanting, a job starting at $100.00 week, and going up from there. Must have car in good condition and be able to work with teen-agers. No part-time people accepted. If interested, telephone. MR. STEPHENS (1 p.m. to 6 p.m.) 348-4873 SHORTAGE · DOWNTOWN (Next to The Diamond) · KANAWHA CITY (3716 MocCorUi Aw., S.E.) Use Gazette-Mail Want Ads Where Are Black Men? Dying Early., Says Doctoi By Hollie I. West The Washington Post Black women have been com plaining for years that black men are hard to find. This refers neither to a game of hide-and-seek nor to the idea prevalent in the 1950s that blacks were becoming invisible in the national consciousness. Rather, it means that the number of black men is dwindling in proportion to the number of black women. From 1850 to 1970, the ratio of black men to black women has declined by almost 10 per cent. In'lSSO, there were 99.1 men for every 100 women. In 1970, there men for every 100 were 90.8 women. What is happening to black men? They are dying earlier than black women from heart and lung diseases, chronic alcoholism, automobile and industrial accidents, homicides and suicides, says Dr. Jacquelyne J. Jackson, associate professor of medical sociology at Duke University Medical Center. This has meant that the number of marriageable men has declined, a chief complaint ol many black women. In an article entitled "Where Are the Black Men?" written for a spring issue of Ebony magazine, Dr. Jackson says the shortage of black men has had a damaging effect on black women. She says: "Black women have the highest unemployment rate in the country. My article is not about black men--it's about black women. It is urgent that significant improvements be made hi education, occupation, employment and income for black women. We should not rest until those levels are the equivalent of white males." In her Ebony article, Dr Jackson offered three suggestions to black women looking for husbands: Migrate to states such as Hawaii where men outnumber women, try interracial marriage or explore alternative family forms, including polygamy, and make general improvements in the social system (prison reform, expanded medk cal care and higher employment quotas). THE ARTICLE - and her suggestions in particular- voked a flurry of letters to the magazine applauding and condemning her position. Dr. Jackson says she and her secretary anc her weeks reading letters sent to spent 3Vz answering office. Some of the most caustic letters came from readers who, out of race pride, deplored interracial marriage for blacks Others criticized her for nol recommending the reduction o! sickle cell anemia, increased medical and health care (including psychiatric), and unproved drug and alcoholic treatment as ways to make more black men available. Dr. Jackson answers her critics by saying that her recommendations are more sugges- ions than solid solutions. She also says her suggestions were made stronger in print by ~!bony. The important thing, she says, s that blacks have suffered because of this m apportionment. Jsing' 1970 census figures, Dr. Jackson says there were about as many black males as females through the age of 14. But after age 15, females outnumbered males to the point of 10 black women for every nine black men. In short about 1.07 million black women were without black mates. National figures for 1970 show that 29 per cent of black families had female heads. In 1939, when no government survey was taken, sociologist E. Franklin Frazier estimated that about 25 per cent of black families were headed by women. The masters on the plantations headed households. Also, the majority of slaves brought into this country were male." She also scoffs at the idea of the black matriarch, saying, "Most black families in America are headed by black men who bring home a check every week." Census figures show that 54 per for 1970 also cent of black families with female heads were below the low-income level-!3,968 annual income for a family of four, $2,500 for a family of two. Dr. these Jackson statistics explains that are a natural outgrowth of the man shortage. 'It's a mistake," she said, "to relieve that slavery is the cause of female-headed households. DR. JACKSON ACKNOWLEDGES that blacks are not the only men declining in ratio to women. White men are in comparable decline. For the same period, 1850 to 1970, there was a similar decline among whites as among blacks. In 1850, there were 105.2 white men for every 100 white women, but in 1970 there were 95.3 white men for every 100 white women. But Dr. Jackson sees no need :o study whites for a comprehensive picture of what is happening to men nationally. She says: "If we want to learn about female blacks heading households, we study female blacks heading households. The wrong assumption is made that black families should be like white families. "My point is that when one is interested in noting differences in education, employment, occu pation and income, and the pri mary purpose is to investigate the prevalence or absence o racial discrimination, then '. think it is very useful to make racial comparisons. But when the primary purpose is to reduce the gaps in our knowledge about blacks then I think it is very important to make in- group comparisons first so that we can actually learn more about blacks." Dr. Jackson says she sees her article and thesis as an attack on the social conditions thai oppress blacks. "We have to recognize we have strengths hat can be transferred to other situations," she said. "We waste lot of our energy by having to deal with white racism when we could be dreaming up poems or nventing things. And most of all black women would be permitted to reach their full poten- $88Xm8^^ MR. HOUSE OF COMFORT H u m i d i f i r a l i n n , Healing, Air Why Live in the Whole House All Winter and Just One Room in the Summer? :* RAY W. DARNOLDJR. : When hot w e a t h e r arrives, · some people depend on one. two or three window units to cool their home. This means some rooms are "closed off," and they live in only part of the house u n t i l K a i l . It. doesn't make sense when a Williamson Central Air Conditioning sys- tern cart cooi the whole house at less cost tnan is required to satisfactorily cool a home with window units. Williamson system does the work of several window unite, with less operating cost. Win- rtows r e m a i n closed to keep dust, and dirt out. Rooms don't have to he "rinsed off hecause every room is kept tool. Noise is practically eliminated too, he- cause the W i l l i a m s o n system operates as q u i e t l y as your heating system. You enjoy constant comfort with constant riehumiditication . . . more accurate temperature control--plus more economical operation. Why huy on« w i n d o w u n i t after another when our experts can install an entire Williamson central system w i t h i n a week . . . with ip to S years to pay? Y o u ' l l sleep het'ter. eat hetter and he free of irritating pollen in r x c r y room. So, why not live it up in the whole house all year round? 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