Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia on July 16, 1972 · Page 148
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July 16, 1972

Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia · Page 148

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Charleston, West Virginia
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Sunday, July 16, 1972
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Page 148
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Page 148 article text (OCR)

ICeeping Up ^ With Xouth Alcohol Hot Marijuana -' For years, parents, teachers, and the police have warned that marijuana smoking is a prelude to heroin addiction. Not true in many cases. Recent findings presented at the International Conference on Alcohol and Addiction in Dublin indicate that alcohol--not marijuana--is more often the stimulant first used by people who later become heroin .addicts. The data is based on a study of the cross-use of alcohol and drugs used by addicts. It was conducted by Drs. Harriet L Barr, Donald J. Oltenberg, and Alvin Rosen of the Eagleville Hospital and Rehabilitation Center in Eagleville, Pa. The study group consisted of 129 male patients diagnosed as alcoholics and 61 considered to be drug addicts. The study found that in a high percentage of cases of drug addiction the first drug used was alcohol. The addict would then graduate from alcohol to opiates, subsequently giving up liquor. "On the average," says the report, "the alcohol abuse begins about a year-and-a-half before the use of any illegal drug . . . in about half of our addicts had intervention occurred at an earlier age, the diagnosis probably would have been alcoholism or alcohol abuse instead of drug addiction." Alcohol, of course, is the single most dangerous and abused drug in the United States. There are an estimated 9 million alcoholics or alcohol abusers in this country, draining the economy of $15 billion annually. According to Elliot Richardson, Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare, "Alcoholism is one of the tragic, destructive and costly illnesses in the nation today. Directly or indirectly, alcohol-related problems affect the lives of 36 million of our men, women, and children." Parents and police who know relatively little about marijuana can decry its use by the young, but marijuana is by far a less dangerous drug than alcohol, which in so many cases they passively accept or encourage. 14 by (Pamela Swift Alcoholism can reduce the life- span of an imbiber by 10 to 12 years. But hardly ever does a parent tell his offspring that fact. * Educational Discrimination A college degree ranks in our society as a ticket of admission to the good life. But is it in fact? And should it be? Most businesses and industries base employment and promotion to a large extent on educational attainment. But witta college education make you a more effective salesman, secretary, manager, executive? Are we not discriminating against equally qualified people who lack degrees? Conversely, what about the many skilled and semi-skilled professions which require little or no educational preparation? Andrew C. Wallace, assistant professor of marketing at the Uni- WHEELING ALONG: TV ACTRESS SANDY DUNCAN. Bicyclists Beware Injuries and deaths among bicycle riders zoomed 34 percent in California last year. The California High- way Patrol declares that bicycle riders in the 15 to 34 age group were to blams in most of the cases. Apparently these young people either ignore or do not know the rules of the road which apply equally to motorists and bicyclists. The three most common violations which led to accidents in 1971 were riding on the wrong side of the road, turning improperly, and violating an automobile driver's right of way. Riding at night without proper lights was another contributing factor. California Highway Patrol Commissioner Harold W. Sullivan suggests that for safety's sake bicyclists should think like motorists. They should be well versed in their state vehicle codes and follow them carefully. In general, bicyclists, like motorists, should always signal before turning, always turn from the proper lane, obey all traffic signals and lights. They should ride as close to the right-hand edge of the road as practical. Other safety tips for bicyclists: · Don't carry a second passenger on the handlebars. · Don't carry anything that would prevent at least one hand from being on the handlebars at all times. · Have good strong night lights --a headlamp visible for 300 feet in front and a reflector visible for 300 feet to the rear. · Keep brakes in good condition --capable of causing at least one wheel to skid on dry, level pavement. versity of South Florida, believes that a great many Americans are either over-educated or under-educated for the jobs they hold. "Most large firms," Wallace wrote in a recent article entitled 'To Hell on a Mortarboard,' "require a college degree, even though there are very few jobs in industry that really need the knowledge acquired." Wallace cites a 1971 Department of Labor study of education and employment which concluded that, "In eight of ten occupations, there was no relationship between the workers' educational attainment and their degree of job success." Only the top 10 percent of college graduates get top-level jobs in industry, he reports. The other 90 percent suffer psychologicalhj in jobs which they feel are beneath them and for which academia provides little preparation anyway. As for non-B.A's, they are "2nd class citizens" in many job markets. Many skilled and semi-skilled laborers, on the other hand, earn more than college graduates but with even less in the way of real preparation for their professions. "It is my opinion," Wallace writes, "that the bulk of potentially good tradesmen are college students. This goes a long way towards explaining the poor quality of our goods and services. "Only one of every 14 dollars that is spent for academic higher education is spent on vocational education," he continues. "Remember that four times as many people will be required in jobs that will not benefit directly from a degree, byt we are spending 14 times as much money on degrees as we are on vocational education." To remedy the imbalance between education and employment, Wallace suggests that the high school curriculum might be extended by one year to include the first year of college and/or vocational training. Furthermore, industry should eliminate its degree requirements where they are irrelevant to the job. If we can pass a law outlawing discrimination by race and sex" he concludes, "then we certainly should pass a law outlawing educational discrimination." PARADE · IULY 16,1972

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