Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia on July 6, 1975 · Page 15
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July 6, 1975

Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia · Page 15

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Charleston, West Virginia
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Sunday, July 6, 1975
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Page 15
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jui6,m5 FBI Agents 9 Deaths Expected To Split Indian Factions More 2nd M.H. Signup Going On RegistrattM f«r tie seewi sjuuaer sesswa at Slims Hanty Cdkge wiU he heM afwouily at the registrar's offk* through July It Passes will hep* My laaai re* inte through Aug. 14. A» iMMiTital class will be OK dassrww «· wteds, *tick uv«tvesa week- Ing bits tow tkrwtgh the easier* part «f tie state u eMjuetiw witfc hMkgy or geography credit. Tfce tow will rw My 14-11 By Thomas E. SlMgkter PINE RIDGE, S.D. - tfi - The killing of two FBI agents on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation is expected to further divide hostile factions on the nation's second largest reservation. FBI agents Jack Coler and Ronald Williams were shot near the village of Oglala .on June 26. The FBI has launched a massive search for the suspects, called by some law enforcement authorities as a paramilitary band of well-trained guerrillas. Reservation officials, tribal members and law enforcement officers say the shooting will further exacerbate relations , between the supporters of the American Indian Movement -- AIM -- and Oglala Sioux Tribal Chairman Richard Wilson, who generally shuns the goals of the sometimes militant AIM. The 3,150-square-mile reservation is a national stronghold of AIM activity. AIM leader Russell Means narrowly lost a 1974 tribal election against Wilson for control of the reservation. Opinion on the reservation is split as to whether the 16 persons suspected of shooting the agents were AIM members or sympathizers. FBI and tribal law enforcement authorities on the reservation say there is no evidence linking any AIM members to the shootings. * * * WILSON SAID he believes the persons who killed the agents are connected with AIM and will turn most reservation residents against the organization, signaling AIM'S death knell. "I think they were turned away long before this shooting," said Wilson, who has announced plans to seek a third term as tribal chairman. "If it doesn't turn them away, they are darn sick people." AIM leader Vernon Bellecourt denies Wilson's allegations. "Wilson's trying to cover up for his poor ' leadership," Bellecourt said. "It's been a policy of the BIA and Dick Wilson to blame such things on the American Indian Movement." Bellecourt said while the death of the agents is unfortunate, it may have some long-term benefit in awakening white Americans to the problems faced by Indians. , "It took the killing of two white men before we got the broad awareness and attention from white America that we've had since the shooting. Now that we've got : their attention, they may begin to recognize our problems." · '. . » * * BIA SPECIAL AGENT Kent Sayers said he has received no indication that AIM members were involved in the shooting, - but he said, "The shootings are going to affect everybody on the reservation." Factionalism on the reservation is "probably one ol the major causes of our Cape Verde Islands Get ence PRAIA Cape Verde (AP) - The Gape Verde islands, once a staging post in the slave trade between Africa and the United , States, became independent Saturday after 500.jyears of Portuguese rule. ^Portuguese delegation led by Premier Vaseo Goncalves handed over power at a session of the new 56-member national assembly: in the capital of Praia. Then the 300,000 islanders, a mixture of mulattos and blacks, turned to an evening of open- air singing, dancing and eating. , : ' * * * THE ASSEMBLY ected last week, met Friday and designated the nation's chief of state but did not immediately reveal his ; identity. . . The nine large and six small islands of the 1 archipelago, now Africa's smallest republic,,lie in the Atlantic almost 400 miles off the west coast of Africa. It is the third territory in Portugal's Af- ; rican empire to be granted independence since, the military toppled Lisbon's right- wing dictatorship in April 1974. Guinea- Bissau and Mozambique were freed pre- viouslyand Angola has been promised its ·, independence in November. Delegations from other African countries, including Senegal, Algeria, Mozam- ' bique and Mauritania, and international organizations such as the United Nations and the Organization of African Unity, flew into Praia to join the official celebration. Several hundred Cape Verdeans who live in the United States, France, Holland and West Africa also returned home for the occasion. Cape Verde, a poor volcanic cluster whose chief exports are canned fish and salt, has more emigres living abroad than the entire home population. INDEPENDENCE FOR Cape Verde is expected to be short-lived. The Party for Independence of Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde (PAIGC). which fought the guerrilla war against Portugal, picked up 95.67 per cent of the vote in the virtually uncontested assembly elections and plans to link the two former colonies into one state. Corsino Tolenttino, expected to be Cape Verde's first foreign minister, said the islands have been promised loans and aid worth about $40 million, including $5 million from the United States. The money is to be used to begin development of industry and restore agricultural production, virtually destroyed by seven years of drought. Tolenttino said the strategically situated islands would not provide military bas. es for either Eastern or Western powers ··£, and would be nofefligned. Analysis problems," Sayers said. . "I. personally, feel that it has carried on since Wounded Knee," he said. "I don't know if there's a solution because of the length of time it's gone on. These are the same people, the same tribe. They need to sit down and talk. Until that's done, we'll have problems." AIM's goals include a broad restructuring of what it says is a white-dominated BIA and U. S. recognition of treaties earlier abrogated by the government. However, Wilson and his followers generally support tribal and BIA administration of the reservation. Many reservation residents depend on the tribe and the BIA for a significant share of their income, coming from lease payments from white ranchers and government subsistence programs controlled by the tribe and the BIA. Reservation officials say there is no accurate estimate of how many of the reservation's 12,500 inhabitants hold allegiance to either AIM or Wilson's group. The officials say that while most of the reservation's population do not have close ties to either group, a significant number do sympathize with one of the loosely knit organizations. Sayers said part of the trouble is'that some AIM sympathizers believe the law officers on the reservation are aligned with Wilson's followers. "We are trying to shake that image," said Sayers. "As far as I'm concerned, everybody on this reservation is equal and entitled to the same protection under the law." FBI spokesman Clay Brady said the FBI wants to remain apart from reservation factionalism. * * * HOWEVER, COURT records released since the occupation of Wounded Knee indicate that the FBI has paid at least one person to infiltrate AIM. "We don't want to get involved in any type of political situation. We don't want anyone to think we're taking sides. If anything, we want to be in the middle," said Brady. Kendall Cumming, acting Pine Ridge BIA superintendent, said it is difficult to predict what effect the factionalism and the shootings will have on relationships on the reservation. "One thing it does effect is the mood of the reservation," he said. "It creates tension and insecurity. People on the reservation are waiting for things to happen." Cumming said the BIA will soon release a study on the problems facing the reservation, including its factionalism, that might help to solve some of the problems. The 1 1,500 tax break. I New from Empire Frdtral--a rrtirr- nirnt plan thai |£ivfn you a tax uVdurtion of up to S1,500 r wry yrar. Th* IISDIYIDl AL RETIRKMK.Vr AC- COIM (IKA) is a mirrnirnl plan for anyone (not just the self-employed) who presently is not covered by a qualified private or government plan. 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