Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia on July 16, 1972 · Page 83
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July 16, 1972

Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia · Page 83

Charleston, West Virginia
Issue Date:
Sunday, July 16, 1972
Page 83
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Page 83 article text (OCR)

Crossword Puzzle CRYPTOQUIP Today's Cryptoquip clue: A equals R Z S O U A S Q S G V J . J S Z Y J B E S X K E S Y X B C G U Y - J C K E V U S C E B O V Q Z J Y A Answer for Sunday, July 9, Cryptoquip: PLEASANT MILKMAN HAKES EYES AT PRETTY DAIRYMAID. Presidents of Manifest Destiny By Patterson Patrick ACROSS 1. Famous Vcra 6. Lethal 11. Fictional uncle 16. A flake 1.7. Insect stage 18. Bok 20. White winter ermine 21. Actor- author 22. Obsequies 24. The yellow bugle 25. Classroom need 27. Subtract 29. Peruvian city 30. Seines 32. Harem rooms 33. Theater section 31. Of the ear 35. Fisherman's basket 37. Handle 39. Ireland «. Greek goddess Roumicu hollow ·piece on rear gun sight 43. legislative bodies 45. Rectories 487 41 46. Tamiro/T 48. Hindu guitar 49. Latvian capital 50. Frantic 54. Faucet 55. Reducing in rank 59. Famous stage name 60. Island off Venezuela 62. Oleoresin .64. Wife of Cuchu- lainn 65. Eskimo knife 66. Arabian garment 67. Turkish officer 68. Roman salutation 69. Marsh or fen 71. Deputy 73. Kind of rail bird 75. Chills and fever 76. Ancient hermits U. The turmeric- 80. Most calm 82. American inventor 83. Painful spots 85. Realtor's . sign 86. Chatters 89. Candies 91. The Dog Star 95. Optical maser 96. Custom 97. Folds 99. King of Persian rug 100. Vipers 101. Small bird 102. Editor's concern 104. Weep 105. Article 101J. Popcve 108. To conceive 110. Scientific org. 111. Time u n i t s 113. Rudely concise 115. Destructive insect 117. Perrv's Delia 11 8. Mr. Zola 119, Spartan serfs 120. Germs 121. Cupolas 122. Like a laminated rock DOWN 1. Sea cow 2. Wurttcm- bcrg measure 3. Dwell 4. Winter month, in Spain 5. A Kashmir alphabet 6. Executes a bridge stratagem 7. Mohammedan noble 8. Hebrew letter 9. Old 10. More lonesome 11. Haven 12. Evoke 13. Coin 14. Indian 15. Term in logic 16. Kind of uniform 19. Wisconsin cllv 20. Chop finely 23. Val and Alencon 26. Without (Fr.) 28. June bugs 31. Line that cuts another 34. Elaborately adorned 36. The Beloved Physician 38. Miss Loos 39. Public warehouse 40. Perfidious one 42. Agave liber 44. Indonesian of Mindanao 45. Opera heroine 47. Optical phenomena 49. Creates anejv 50. Gorge containing a stream 51, Classroom accessory 52. Habituate (var.) 53. Dices 55. French painter 56. Likeness 57. Birthmark 58, Accost 61. Proscribe 63. Malay gibbon 70. Overacts 71. Aconite 72. Fish 73. Erie, for one 74, Love god 75. Patron saint of Scotland 77. Roman roa'd 79. Work unit 81. Ancient country 83. Implied secondarily 84. Certain theater patrons . 86. Maps of town sites 87. Indications of disease 88. Phases 89. Christmas 90. German admiral 92. Frivolity 93. Eastern- rite Christians 94. Mud volcano 96. Body joints 98. Rows 101. Walked in water 103. Hard substance 106. Dirk 107. San 108. Wight, for one 109. One-time racehorse 112. Crude metal 114, Edge 116. Witty saying of solution; ftj mimitr* ·20m CHARLESTON, W.VA. When Andrew Johnson, federal military governor of Tennessee, was nominated as President Lincoln's running mate in 1864 at the National Convention--Union had replaced Republican for vote-getting and policy reasons--the United States had its fourth and last split presidential ticket. For Johnson was a lifelong Jacksonian Democrat and Lincoln was a dedicated Republican by any other name. The first of these "schizophrenic tickets" had foundered on Thomas Jeffer- · son's disloyalty to John Adams, as had the second one on John Calhoun's outright defiance of Andrew Jackson. The third one had resulted in the early death of President William Henry Harrison and the betrayal of the policies he presumably · would have followed by his successor John Tyler, and the Lincoln-Johnson pairing was to turn out about the same way. Unusual though, Johnson's selection was to round out what Lincoln hoped would be a coalition Administration. Even more unusual was the fact that an election was held at all. It is always t e m p t i n g for a beleaguered government to suspend elections in time of war.Yet, despite loose talk of a military dictatership, Union soilders were not only permitted, but also were encouraged to vote. T h e i r a p p r o v a l of the Lincoln-Johnson team was close to 80 per cent mark. Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Jackson were alike in many ways: strong earthy, conservative, incorruptible and dedicated to the Constitution and the Union. But when Lincoln died the vitally important t r a i t s o f f l e x i b i l i t y , diplomacy and compassion went with him, for Johnson was rigid, tactless and most of the compassion he felt was for himself--for his lack of support as President and for his lowly "poor white" origins. Taking the oath of office two hours and 38 minutes after Lincoln died, President Johnson moved quickly to carry out his concept of Lincoln's policy of amnesty and reconciliation. He kept Lincoln's Cabinet, recognized Lincoln's "ten per cent governments" in four states, appointed military governors in seven others and extended executive clemency to the rebel states except high civil and military officers and anyone worth more than $20,000. But the Civil War had begun in intolerance and freed, had been waged in brutality and blood and it was not to be settled in amity and unity. Thus when Congress convened in December, a Joint Committee of Fifteen was quickly set up to review Johnson's Reconstruction plan, and the bitter, relentless fight-was A ndrew Johnson (Administration: April 15,l«65-March 3,1869) joined between the President and a majority of vengeful congressmen and senators who were determined to make the South a "whipping boy" for their own guilty or self-righteous feelings over slavery and the murderous blood bath so recently ended. Radical Republicans, fired by the zeal of Rep. Thaddeus Stevens and Sens. Charles Sumner and Ben Wade, led the repeated attempts to punish the South. Harsh '"reconstruction" bills were enacted setting, up military districts I n t o w h i c h Nonfiern- "carpetbaggers" and Southern "scalawags" flocked to take over the functions of state officals When President Johnson repeatedly vetoed these punitive measures, congressional wrath was turned on Mm. He was stripped of his constitutional powers as Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces and was forbidden by the Tenure of Office Act to remove any federal official appointed by the consent of the Senate. Johnson promptly defied this unconstitutional law--it was so declared by the Supreme Court 60 years later--by · r e m o v i n g Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton from office for disobedience and disloyalty. Congress just as promptly passed a resolution to impeach the President for "high crimes and misdemeanors." After a two- month "solemn theatrical fiasco" in the Senate, Johnson was acquitted by a single vote. . Andrew Johnson thus served out Abraham Lincoln's unfinished presiden- tial term, but his sympathy for the South was out of step with the majority of leading politicians and his accomplishments were negligible. He was also rebuffed whun he s o u g h t the Democratic presidential nomination in 1868. Nevertheless, for a man born into crushing poverty from the u n i o n of a chambermaid and a porter, a man who never attended school a day in his life, a man who was bound out as a tailor's apprentice at 13, Andrew Johnson, tailor, had done very well for : himself and his nation. In the inevitable comparison w i t h the towering figure of Lincoln, Johnson fares better otrprin- ciple than personality, as would most of the other Presidents. Granted that Johnson did not want to give full citizenship' to the Negro, this is hardly surprising for a man of his background, a man whose home was confiscated by the Confederates during the war for even favoring the black m a n ' s freedom from bondage. The ofjen unreliable scales of justice were in perfect balance the March iJay in 1875 when Andrew Johnson took his seat in the U. S. Senate as Senator from Tennessee. If he felt vindictive in returning in triumph to the scene of tos greatest humiliation, he spoke no word of it. Instead, in his only speech-he died within four months--he sounded once again the principle so dear to him. "Let peace and unison be restored to the land!" he said. "May God bless this people and God save the Constitution!" Copyright 1172, Us Aagelei Timei :·· Sunday Gazette-Mail

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