Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia on May 23, 1976 · Page 151
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Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia · Page 151

Charleston, West Virginia
Issue Date:
Sunday, May 23, 1976
Page 151
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Page 151 article text (OCR)

SMttMEMIROf - . MOStMYMPO*IX*T SOCKS AND CM End misery of Problem Itching · Dry Shin Itching · P*rtonal Hching · InMCt MtM · Chafing ft Rash** Now ftt tut *U kinds of itching with UNACANE Crtme Medication. Doctors know. UKACANI'I prove* fotmulatioa Drips (top itckint fast Then LANACANI ·ootbei irritation and Hi antibacterial mo* checks infection, help, cpeed healing. LAKACAWE-UK medication for SSTLANACANE' DUNE SAFELY No paste or powder InUsdonhiK comfortably tight Not a man P»«e, po**r. ocan iorw« an uvuiac aoft ptabc adhoiw loose, t f W « 8 to Toother with matf I ,, tidft 24 all d tidft and firm fot i comfort. At Te/ford Tay/or, chief US. prosecutor of Nazi war crimina/s at Nuremberg, with ·a copy of his new book, "Courts of Terror/' written after his visit to the Soviet Union in an effort to-win freedom for yewish "po/itica/" prisoners. IdMMrt kttlfimilSnieiJEttt byLH.Whittemore NEW YORK CITY. E ver since the Nuremberg trials after World War II, the man who was chief U.S. prosecutor has continued to examine human conduct in the light of law and his own conscience. Now, at 68, Tdford Taylor is still at it. The issue this time involves Russia, not Germany, but among the participants are--once again--Nazis and Jews. Taylor, a professor at Columbia University Law School, has taken up the current cause of a number of Soviet Jews who, as he puts it, "fell afoul" of the Russian judicial system after trying to emigrate to.Israel in the early 1970's. They were arrested as "political" prisoners and, Taylor says, their trials amounted to "the prostitution of Soviet justice to serve state ends." But the most "surprising and deeply shocking" aspect, he says, concerns the Jews' confinement in Russian labor camps: the majority of their fellow prisoners are men serving life sentences for having collaborated with the Nazis during the war. Some of these "virulent anti-Semites," Taylor goes on, have be-. . come "trusties" at the camps with control over the Jewish prisoners, who are subjected to extreme physical and psychological abuse. His latest book. Courts of Terror, recounts efforts by him and other American lawyers to obtain clemency for 19 prisoners. Royalties will be used to further those efforts. ' Taylor's long career has been varied and quite often controversial; but seldom, if ever, -has he compromised his personal views. It began in Washington, D.C., in 1933, after his graduation from Williams College and Harvard Law School. The young man from Schenectady, N.Y., became a New Deal lawyer, fired with the social and intellectual ideas of the time. It almost goes without saying that he ' chose government service. He was assistant solicitor for the U.S. Interior Department, associate counsel in the investigation by Sens. Burton Wheeler and Harry Truman into the nation's railroads, arid general counsel to the Federal Communications Commission. In the Army now In October, 1942, Attorney Taylor became Major Taylor. When he was assigned as aide to the Chief Counsel of the Nuremberg trials in June of 1945, he began working in the joint, four- power prosecution of top Nazi officials. The following year, he was catapulted into the limelight as the American prosecutor in trials held by tbe.U.S. Military Government By the fall of 1946, Telford.Taylor, by then a brigadier general, had .won his first indictments, charging 23. German doctors, scientists and medical admin- '' istrators with the killing of "hundreds of thousands of human beings by brutal medical experiments." Those trials have become history and, of course, Taylor was an international figure. Out of the Army in ,1949, he .found himself "in a whirlwind for the first few years," but the notoriety brought little personal satisfaction: "f took a small fling at politics, getting, my feet wet with the Reform Democrats in New .York, managing a Congressional campaign, But I decided soon that I didn't like making the same speeches over and over again. It just wasn't my bag to go traipsing around and. doing all the chores required by the political process." Meanwhile, his law practice was rather thin. "Everybody thought I was^ a general, riot an attorney," he says. In the absence of a large influx of clients, he began writing Sword and Swastika, published in 1952. It was the first of three volumes, including The March of Conquest (1958) and The Breaking Wave (1967), which comprise a military history of the Nazis through the sum- merof1940. · Bout with McCarthy When that first book was published, Taylor moved to New-York Gty from Washington, D.C., where he had served as head of the Small befense Plants Administration during the last two years of President Truman's Fair Deal. By late 1953, Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy of Wisconsin was looking for -Communist spies at Ft. Monmouth, N.J., and Taylor spoke up. . "I was invited tojpeak at West Point," he recalls, "so it seemed like a good

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