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The Ottawa JouRiua PuklUlM by ' ' . ' The Journal PuMttMm Ca of Ottawa 144. SJT Cjuaan (t iM rk St, Cmw. Onurw , : : : : , WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 12. 1964 The Commons and Cyprus . The House of Commons did fair justice to the Importance of the Cyprus-crisis In its emergency debate on Monday. v Four party leaders or their spokesmen urged that Canadian troops remain In Cyprus despite the difficulties of the task. The fifth, Mr. Gregoire, added the cry that if they can't be given the "required means" they should be withdrawn. Mr. Paul Martin must have breathed . easier. A country so prominent in the principle of providing , international forces for peace-keeping would look curious if H were to withdraw its own troops upon the advent of difficulties. Indeed, Mr. Martin had a further reason to breathe more easily. Hit opening statement was a laborious recital of how many people he had talked to in international circles during the last crucial days a fact we may. surely take for granted. But as the , debate proceeded his answers to questions were more factual and he showed a sure-footed skill in satisfying the House that Canada's role, military and diplomatic, is about as good as could be expected in so weird a situation two NATO allies fighting over a Commonwealth country under the vigil-of I The core of opposition questions and, criticisms was that UN forces might' have done better, might even have averted the latest crisis,-had they been given more precise' orders and more authority. " ," J s Mr.' Martin and Mr. Pearson met j these criticisms frankly. In effect they 'agreed with, the criticism, but they i variously and repeatedly pointed out' ; that UN cannot send a peace-watching l i force to Cyprus without that country s approval of the orders to be given the forces The international "idea" is not j yet so mature or sophisticated, nor its; ; policeman so strong or so wealthy. A i UN fore must do the best it can. i' But Mr. Pearson and Mr.- M a r 1 1 n ,' wisely fell short of making any derogatory remarks about UN's J inade-f quacy. That the Government has resisted hurting UN's position at this i time is to it credit. : VI UVVttvei B e Viviviiwwnvi . ejaaaw ,'Knowles i was Pope Paul's Encyclical x It will be all much (or too encyclical, and retreat from John be that a closer describes as men saying the same things and seeking the same ends in their different, ways. John was the great-hearted Pontiff who "put his arms around all mankind," with a touch of diplomacy as well, the pope who could greet a Jewish Rabbi with the words, "I am Joseph, your brother." Paul is the theologian, the subtle, complex intellect who weighs his every word and who (like Newman writing his Apologia) strives desperately ' not to be misunderstood. Thus white he does not reject the great goal of Christian unity, he spells out with clarity the obstacles to it, adding with realism and integrity that ' it is "not in our power to compromise with the integrity of our faith." That John would have gone farther than this, only the naive can believe. In. truth, the great ideal of Christian unity, for the time being at any. rate, has sensibly not envisaged the Idea that the various branches of the Christian church should abandon1 their respective Interpretations of basic common beliefs. Whatever the future may bring, realists must know that this is impracticable now. But what has come in our time, what John XXIII made a living present thing, and what Paul has done nothing , to diminish, is an end among Christians of the ancient bitter feuds which disfigured His Church. "Let us," says this encyclical "let us stress what we have in common rather than what divides us." Nor is there a word In this pronouncement (which is not a doctrinal pronouncement, but only a candid look at the Roman Catholic church's posi tion in. the modern world) to discour Viet Nam, Cyprus and UN " debt In days past they would have more understanding of aoday's anxious .world developments. ??'. : . But an order raising the quorum to 50 would hot cure this. What might do good is a warning by leaders to backbenchers that they must not leave debate on any subjects to the front liion benefiu would sUrt a year tat lwBche wd the specialists, Qreater but.,MLd J01 refch,u,er participation.' not bigger" quorums, is t until 1976. There is also in fte white ,;needed. , V.A paper a warning to those vrno wait expectantly that the rate of contrlbu-jtion in certain categories will be higher , 1 than had been proposed earlier.' ( ' j , There Is not a word about the hopes on the pension raised ; and -then : jcast down. There Is no mention of what I the pugnacious Mist LaMarsh "did in j making Ontario co-operation in the plan mora difficult because she dragged It jinto the provincial election last year. ; ''' Notes and Comment , Did -they offer the tourist "GuesU of the Week": from Kalamazoo a trip to Kazsbaxua? . i . ' ' Cuban exiles took credit for an at-temDt to blow uo a shlo In Montreal CosU of the plan, on which many One of "the blessings of living In a .. . , . ... . 1 . j r ....t.. 1. ,u, ... t. . (questions have been raised,. , will be i examined In the course of the parliamentary committee study the Govern jment has . promised. If more problems 1 become evident then the Government, Jin light of its record on pensions in land of opportunity is that we hear less and less of those ''once in a lifev; time opportunities., ,.,;. v-:v.. i , too easy to find too lM.V, V T.V T " tJJrt VA ft J. VI'l little) in Pope Paul's YAiJr4JVw (, ' i7 k'Ifi ' 1 tSfeVl XV, . ' I some will see in it a fjk WWT L ' ' S'Vl t ! r'WL h I XXIII. Yet it may ?njJW , : X s V . rT?- K'Al i I study of what Paul ? f f 1-1 s 2- ' - ' , T'" ' ..' i,':''AlVIU "this simple ' conversa- j ? f ffr-, -.-- J . . -Os. ' T ? " t 1'-'Vli ft 1 I tional letter of ours" reveals only two ZW ft eMvm . eWalm, Vaan' cTT J"- - Milwaukee journal . -The chief coruubl breed togetheme, but R de .: " UON. J. L. JLSLEY. acting .. minister for Civil Service ' Affairs, said that temporary employees with sstiafactory record m the Clvii Service would be made permanent The ' rule calling for 80 per cent ruw caiung iot ov per ran THE LONG HOT SUMMER Vacuum of Power , WASHINGTON, , By WALTER UPPMANN whenever a new theatre of disorder appears, whenever there is a new revolutionary 'civil k UJ " piacaa " In Soutneatt Asia, in mre wm am m powarrui free to make Its decisions on such ques cvnmt. end la the Conto and suction pulling the United to economise the use of military force. . In applying these principles to Southeast Asia we -have to remember that (he only great M. W. Herrtdge (NDP Koote- question is completely out ef mom? the opportunity to make a thorVnot with Io.um the ward 25 YCarS AO t,'ment" " tetm 10 m w u,,er Vy ,0 anyone.' 1.1. V:"':ls Indians Need Belter Voice In Commons 'Ik BraaMM vV. IKklr Ml, n 1U. of ZJ.Z', :,Kar"" " P' ci population. an population. Anglican 1 wiir to address a their raviewa of Southend. Eniland. ha fl cured ,w ,zi.. , boa. member " ... M , i"wi w uiw miniiwr VI J IIT is aiklng lor a Tale Neu) Head:' '"Sandwiches for the Young' Besides Art ' By EklC NEWTON Mritwa tar TW MniUHn 'Oknw w4 TW (mil "AND what were they gotnt to do with the Holy Grail when they found it?" The questioner in a cartoon by Max Beerbohm was Dr. Jawett the queationee, Rossetti, painting Arthurian legends la the , Oxford Union and looking as ' though "Rfcvdidnl know . the answer. Mr. Norman Reid. the newly appointed director of the Tate Gallery, looked as though,' , during the last 48 hours, he had been -aiked ;a similar question "What are you going . to do with the Tate now you've got '.XT' by a hundred reporters, hungry for tenia tional news. He knows the 'answer he has been on the muaeum'i suit fof 18 years 4ut he also 1 knows that as far es policy n concerned It is not. and indeed, ought not to be, sensational. For the Tate lent ago - made up Its mind what it ought' to do and has only been wait ing for the kind of money and equipment that would enable it to 'do it The money has amvea ana wnai pornapa sensational is the unexpected fact that it is adequate. . . . '' Mr. Reid is a lucky man. He knows what has to be done ' and he has the means to do it. Nothing) could be. simpler, but nothing could keep him busier during tne next rive years, once he Jtas taken over from SEVERAL Conservative back- his predecessor, Sir Job a benchers favor setting aside Rothenstein, ' at the end of one or more Commons seats for September. - j , Indian MPs who would be eject- tions as religious liberty, the church's in different degrees the United Sutee to intervention and there military force Chine possesses d by Indian bands acattertd LIE DOESN'T look worried as position respecting Jews, and Other State is much involved mill w,u he powerful pressures at la her enormous army, and that serosa Canada. This propostu RoasetU did. The photog-matters of moment. "In the pursuit of of them. Its armed forces are home to push it to intervention. m a serious conflict she would would certainly ensure greater repher who hovered round him SDiritual and moral perfection the ' mrecuy involved in aoutneaat as tne unnaa state comes oe oouno to use it oy attacking parliamentary jepresentaU on- aa h talked rapidly and church cannot remain unaffected by or indifferent to the chaneet that take place in the world around." And Paul goes on to use the word "reform." , To conclude: What this . encyclical reveals above all and far more im-, portant than an offer of the Vatican's help in mediation of world disputes is the Pope's reverence for the earnest gropinys of men everywhere towards the Absolute: his bow In respect before all those Who believe, worship, and Rememberine a sorrowful oast, with MnWeJK't'Vrlw ,or forgiveness from all 01.." Llfl. -.that surely i. something for,hope sta. Showed perhaps overestimates not ; Mr. Diefenbaker ( what a better - authorized UN force could do. "Give them the tools and they . will do It,"' he said. A better-armed ;UN force or one with more vigorous orders would not necessarily have l averted this crisis. The present force ,' did, however, mean that the Security Council wa able to debate with knowl-edge and authority a crisis that Its ! Influence was therefore, able to abate. ; That 1 a measure of the UN force In J Cyprus even though all might wish the i force could be still better. Will-o'-trie-Wisp Pension On April 1, 196), Liberal Leader J Pearson promised that if his p ar ly I elected a government it would act 'within the "60 Days of Decision" to establish a contributory pension plan.. On August 10, 1964, having been in f office tine April 22, 1963, the Pearson Government' produced a white paper 'on its pension plan. One positive state-'ment in the white paper. Is that the plaq will not be effective until January) 1966, at the earliest. Then the collec- i tkm of contributions would begin. Pen- ''' No Cure in Quorums '.When Mr. . Stanley Knowles was moving in the House -that the quorum of 20 be raised to 50 he had, Ironically enoughonly 22 other members In their seats at one stage. Most members will; be little embarrassed by this, The aver age MP argues that it is far better for j him td be answering bis mail or even visiting his constituency than attempting to make a virtue of being constantly in i the chamber listening toj debates to which he makes no contribution. ; ;. ",.Y- :-. ' : Members worry less a b o u t the 1 quorum than spectators fat the lallery,. who , hate to see t members fie cussions of foreign affairs. If more members had waited to hear Mr. Green and Mr, 'Martin in the Eastern Mediterranean, and the Belgian system in central Africa. Without even intending" it, indeed while wishing it had happened, the United fill without foreign aid. The cold wsr is In Urge pert a conflict about whether the vacuum hall be filled by Moscow or Peking or Washington." important debates, such as the dls-s Uobeuw m Asia. In Cyprus lu diplomacy near to having a monopoly or adjacent countries which the for Canada's Indian population, smoothly about his plana con-Is deeply Involved. In the the disposable military power United. State, ha promised to but It raises eonstituUonal and hMd to me that her heart Congo It I much concerned In the western world, it can- defend. It would be wishful other problems. ; ,. ,sank at the fust sight of a though, fortunately. It 1r not not afford to become totally thinking to suppose that China, .?TY" . i man so unperturbed in his now involved at first hand. , . engaged in eny one theatre or though it Can be hurt fearfully, . " ,re,,v ,IH,1,n-Bum' mturee and with a face so .The common factor In aU commit all iu reserves m one Is entirely helpleas. And here bering fewer than 200.000, are nu oy hil vitiona 'of three situadbns is that they sre g F" that re United home American, nuat not grouped Into 562 bands living , uneerUlB futurt n the aftermath of the breakdown f' imeremtion. when It Omelor, a.k Aimrtcan soldiers on M17 reaervee situated In didB f , to the face of a .I STilTJ., fnnot be avoided, must be to right an imponibla war. They every province and territory but man with CI 10 000 to (send on lrit 'TrJI Lti me"Uff' ,'nd ,tw,y "," "ln to Newfoundland. The, eogiiphi. X TS art. tKuSES the French system m Indo- directed to a no tical solution nesotiat an accommodatian aa i .7... , T, I TITfJr China, the Wtish sysumt in rather than to a rnUIUry victory rredible a. they make T their ' 12T A "iJTTJSTlX British been sucked Into sll situations. ...... ? The end of the empires has snd uncondltiol surrender. "H r-dinejo reullau uiToZ Z toZ to geS 1' . ! i ; formidable. No member elected needed, an expeeution of plus, U Is a vital American wk t wtdely-soread and int 1 finished in five intereat to safegsurd its VERYONE realizes that If, divergently . opinionated ran, years, and a clear image of strategic mobility., The United notwithstanding NATO and hlcould hope T WDreW wh he muat buy in hia mind. SUtea could lose Us mobility the UN and AmericanXdipic- hI lTJ12 .i- .k - If ttlomhug-nmitud ncy. Orossnd IoIJST!!.! m one tneatre, ana lets itself to war, tne western .Alliance i-j;.. k. ..m "M"wbto-iimii ZL. ..." Z?'" v"' Ai.uan Indian support he would have. Z 1 7T left s vacuum of power which mtmt i -i v-. to luui nr, u uvapij lunn, iM uie , .. . w-uipiure, mwen foreign v lM Jh MX on a long Und frontier In United Sutes has the only , Indians, whose problems vary mti ln4 Britilh KSTuZyiSlZ South Ashu If ever, em for mobile r-ervforc. in the -"'. STl u , - th. nnhi Mjw1uii Eaitum. Mirimu, miRni irai care o pe loooea on " it lets .Itself be entrapped in can responsibUity for mainuio- wlth ,hif package-type rep re- that contains the most serious sucfl s wsr. Its position in the ng s balance of power in "uUDn- ln P"1 aysiem gaps and the moat expensive world as protector-of the m- Europe wlU be Increased. . h h lvantate that Individ- t0 for veterane of the teresu of the West would be t Since the United Sutes is tt.' Mp with Indiana ta the. Ecc4 de Paris m the first 30 gravely ahaken. The United carrrins . virtuallv the whoia naing have, or should have, veara of thla eentuiv. the picm. StMtta la venr nowerrul ni u I. kunU. .t ...1...1.: . .... specuuizea anowiedae or their j - iTHERE ta B0 ruinty that not so powerful that k can ance of power in Aaia,tt cannot f('u,remnu- " thy rnvmx of hav( Utely enriched lhVXi ' t lher wi" "of oer commit an iu reserves. The afford lavishly to overcommit 1" ? minor,,y rooms at Sotheby's and de- : theatres of disorder in Asia, role which It ha to play In this ItieJf by signing blank cheques Evtn " th """her of Indians pieted the savin of collect ar Africa. vand The Americas. In- period of history cannot be sue- on It. miliUr power, a has wlthin "din "" to udscu? exteL T iitmA ibri.iiikriili it . , . . . . " . n..k i w en uncxpeciea extent. .... .am m. m n wv mn n lixnea 100 ETMnV Of tnem " ..w. wimi will be others. Wherever and shrewd and prudent diplomacy already.' r . i :. - Side Lights! : Short Bits From , Hansard "j " t 9 tary representative has a duty XHE niodern British are easier to make their views known In 1 and cheaper but, for a gal-the Common. Parliament. that displays the whole through the committee system, history of British painting, far anould also seek Indian views "ore numerous. Mr. Reld on legislation affecting the In- would like, he says, a little regretruiiy, : an," arrangement The precedent of creating thereby the Tate could buy out now 10 aeai witn -moat- ,ice en behalf of one of the lel opinion, whicB he should MPs at large to and rocker, tne young hood- nthrr hmliM el m,iim u not da at thl Mm. Samwl. .r-i.i ....n t .u. rsirktjksiatw nrMssr mnA anaek. repreient a iL.r ,n Jlli- 71. interesu him most him. whofjock Jo the eejulde , ef'th. f. that Is not within the turUdicUon of & MM te T. dehr .711 But what .... ,,, n ri.ii d a .'" miw ,iin vi miw in- hwmmi. 10 umu um mrm oc -" " . 7- v dividual McConnach. "The thing to k , . dividual .1.1. .t .1.- 1 TaltA mmm men f at RH - - - - to equality before the petitions has been prescribed What part would specially, ed and during the next four J to deal with them oa the " " " .,n" nwmoers piay in years will become bnpoaslbiy - l-w AM MMM mM llltfM, faMMMMMi Tkii lk M .limul . .. . II. ... r ' .... . .. . uttir . . " u.uuim ' svuvraiir eo. Ana not . only space but spot, .we use away, tneir lntilm ptch y hij wrooti Would thev form merely an- what are kncWa "amvnitie.- .We take away, their As a retult, Southend la ao " " "J rLTL 7 l.,.ir T' pl. ! Z. ,aam , M ooms to eat quiring a collection of bell, and "" 10 Prmi murt con- "prayer," to my way of thinking, the confusion? They would sandwiches m. rooms to listen a repuution aa S trouble free "la a prayer, would the minis- has no particular religious slg. scarcely warrant MP sutus un- l0 nurea in. to see slides of town. Young hoodlum who ur ta'n" ,h hu", f- ltm "powered to pictures not in the collection, have ,to worry about hoMmg R;'lwi"'t jon,l form of mage and Is In speak on all teues and not Just and room to ulk in. For the their Irotuer up are Mo busy 0Uey ' d a form of cour- on Indian affairs. Alaska and kind of visitor one finds in the to do inuch feuding with each " l7er can present leay, ;T .. , f , , v Hswsil had non-voting detegato TaU today is very different e. uftleijbBS eih elmsk U.. .- - . . . . a renresanlaf Inn It tfc 11 e? Uua m . . - . other. Beltlesuiesa may not " . ear. nernaget 1 tnana you " " - rrom tne kmd 10 year ago. U: . mari Jailed In Aylesbury, England, permanent and 20 per cent for theft of a 1961 Rolls Royce limousine temporary employees wss be- .i.. i-.. ... .w v t. mm ho WantMl tn nine hla Inferinrlrv Ine cnanaea. . - 'rZ,ZZ . a.,T " V comoiex I i - r - ; Donald I8L CUI Gaines who . .postpone acUon again. . - ,, complex. .. .-, . ) -j,,.,. ,,, ,,. w beeAntMjltA to England f-The faith or ThOse whij Voted XlberaT" J es Consul General at Vienna at because they expected to retire In a' Social Credit Leader Thompson sees the request of the Naiia. was few years with a good pension to which . trend toward small-c conservat Ire appointed British Minister to i thev had contributed ia.beina sorelv ' thinking. It is reassuring to heal that ."Venezuela. .:,' ..-v , .m ' . . . . . . . MMAAnA Jt Imu VImIIMm U..II . b.lurlrln. . trend toward Hull .tried. As. time passes that pension .eomeone sees a .thinking seemg further away, a will-o'-the wisp, at all. v ; ; :.J f-J.'vf' ,; -'; , " r . I The Journal has never been in favor ; Jof rushing the pension scherrSe into force. There is too much uncertainty not only about its details but about here the -money wilt come from. But whereas we have pointed this out all 1 l i Kti Klux Ktansmen ; no ' doubt are concerned lest the arrest, of four mem-berg ln Georgia on a charge of slaying Negro should affect their public Image. :, "V ; ;;:t. .-, along me UDerais in tneir ooasung ano : ; promising pretended they knew all the ' They've discovered another vitamin (answers and that b1I would be ready in spinach which Is essential for blood 'in short order. This "Was the Govenwclotting and ' preventing hemorrhage. " ment that was going to bring, common Many youngsters will ask If it can be .sense back to Ottawa! .: . : ' .. : applied externally, i J - , "1. " " ,7, 150.000 program . of , public works to allevtat unemployment and 700 men cut off from ? ' direct relief In July were rein' SUted. - j i . Shirley Temple was starring In the film "Little Princess." ; England spent "thousands Of " pounds on a peace-time Mack- - OUt' .;-.) ? 'r ' The Smithsonian' ImtituU announced that the principle of the Dtesefengtne had been discovered centuries ago by Malay liland tribesmen., ' ' fhr w ni.ii.iin ThM. km. before they became states. This irhiMnm ... .wtuJ L. flate ego and keeps the peacej Speaker! Tela give m pie are of the opinion they do mtd mint b?u,,pfb, ,t0 unshepherded. in crowds. Moat MOPSY HOW L0N0 CEFOfE tDU CM 61VC HE, MY tlCOUO PRIYINeJ LESSON A " y important, art atudenu. The However, more vigorous rep. average ate U let than half reaenution. in the Indian of what It was. And they heve ! Interest by MPs with Indian inquiring minds. A well-constituenu seems a better way organized system of education of making this minority voice end a suff that caa make it heard. Canada has a treaty In- effective will certainly have to oian senator, rrrnaps tne aay se introduced. " will come when it hat an . . . , . ; .Indian MP representing not only his own people but sll other constituenu in his riding.' Other Views NATIONAL PAPER - London Free Prets V THE TaU's eontenu are ea- wiivmuj moovru ana wui ( tow mwi w. una pcrnape a rather more specific decision will.havei to be made with the National Gallery as to where .."modern"! baalaa. But mm the thought of making such a decision after anxious arguments With th rjirartA TmU'm, iiw w.., p. coneiaerapie v Square fails to add a wrinkle Md IM lh Australian lira . .. . to ai tace. - . - national hewipaper to that common, prob, tht of leev LTT.iil in PM-h kind of llihed la th national capital travelling exhibition, that af ' mtlit fKa iwrmu nf rmnrllna - . ... . - -1 nm irrrm autuaa r aa,aaa tannerra to tne nation, ana tne disturbance in the buildina and nation to Canberra. Rupert leave chao behind he wiV Murdoch, who with Maxwe'l atternbt to solve by keepirer. Naartna U alartina lha na van. im . . . T ... , - vviuiaiiuv aquarw mi Of wall ture, beers a name well known space easily available.'. But. in Australian newspaper Circles, after an hour's talk about the . Ha professes to see e trend future the phrase that sticks sway from parochialism to a In my memory is, thank good- national viewpoint, his enter- ness, a light hearted one nrisa Will 1 be a dramatic test "Sandwlrhaa far iKa of his Judgment. - '; . . ., and somewhere to set them."