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I-MAIL Charleston,. W. 1'a., J u l y 16, 1372 ECOND RONT Day of Baptism at Kingdom Hall Saturday tvas a day of baptism for Jehovah's Witnesses who are '-convened in Charleston. More than 100. persons ' were immersed at the Kingdom, Hall on Bigley Avenue. One of the youngest was nine-year-old. Donna Stalnaker, daughter of Mr. and Mr A. John Stalnaker 'of Columbus. Ohio. At -light, she, stand* in. line awaiting her tuYn. At lower right, the young lady is prepa,red bn Ed Bowling of Ironton, Ohio. The photo at lower left shown her a* she wax lifted out of the water. One of the oldest persons to be, baptized was Merit Cook, 73, of Parkenburfi (bottom photo). (Staff Photos by FerreU Friend) Meditations on Miami Made by a Somnolent Television-Watcher State Shows Lag in Both Strip and Deep Mining Production of stripmined coal In West Virginia in 1972 is lagging behind concurrent 1971 figures by more than two million tons, according to a report issued Sal- urday by the state Department of Mines. The report shows that through April of this year slightly more than seven million tons had been mined in surface operations, while the total stood at .9.2 million tons for the same period a year ago. The April monthly totals were also significant. Production for the month in 1972 was just above 50 per cent of what it had been in April 1971: 1.76 million tons to 3.05 million tons. Underground mining likewise declined in West Virginia during April, the report said. In 1971, more than 9.7 million tons of coal were brought from deep mines. This year, the month showed 8.7 million tons in underground production. For the year through April, West Virginia is nearly five million tons behind The Associated Press JH71'.Â« combined production total. The Department of Mines said two miners were killed in underground accidents during April. Their deaths raise the fatality toll for 1972 to 15 in both deep and strip mines. The department report said 500 injury accidents occurred In April, a rise from March and previous months this year. Surface mining accounts for about 19 per cent of the total coal production in West Virginia, according to the report- By Herb Little The Associated Press Meditations on Miami Beach, as seen by a somnolent television-watcher: Judging by what was displayed 1 on the tube, the new politics of 1972 is better-behaved than the old politics of 1988 or before . . . also less responsive to fights of old-fashioned oratory. Except during a ritual moment of silent prayer, the convention was never quieter than during House Majority Leader Hale Boggs' hopeful pauses for applause . . . . Sympathy for the feminist cause doesn't preclude a grimace at such language contortions as "Madam Chairperson. It's only a short semantic step to "National Commitleeperson," "Delegation Spokesperson," and "Leave A Note for the Milk-Person." . . , fr- EVERY HOUR brought proof of the winds of change . . . . a seconding speech for a former southern governor being made by s blnck southern mayor . . . . Shirley Chisholm getting votes in Deep South delegations . . . . Whatever the undeniable merits of the Democrats' new open-convention rules, they made a farce of the balloting for the vice presidential nomination . . . . no offense to Archie Bunker, Roger Mudd and John J. Houlihan, whoever he is. +Â· THE PROPOSED Better School Buildings Amendment offers West Virginia voters a chance to finance public school construction by a simple majority vote In the November election. Financing at the county level in bond issue or property lax levy elections requires flO-per-cent approval in each case. The demonstrated difficulty of obtaining 60-per-cent majorities is a big reason why the legislature voted overwhelmingly to go the constitutional amendment route. If a simple majority slatewidt approves the amendment in November, the legislature will have power to vote a $200 million bond Issue to provide state-level Statehouse LITTLE funds with which to help counties finance school construction and renovation. Citizens for Better Schools, a statewide group formed to promote ratification ot the amendment, is armed with an analysis by the state Department of Education which shows the Increasing difficulty of obtaining financing in county-level elections, especially on bond issues, The department report shows: -A.s to bond issues, fi7 per cent nT those proposed in county elections in the past JO years have failed. For the past three years, the record is 8.3 per cent failure. ^Â·Twenty-two counties have tried anywhere from one to four times in the past 10 years to pass bond issues and have failed every time. At the other extreme flfe 11 counties which have tried one or more times in the same period without a failure. *-Only three of the 55 counties have raised money by bond issues for capital improvements during the past three years. ^-The record in levy elections is beMer but "till high on failure?. In the past 10 years, 37 per cent of the levy proposals in the counties have failed. The failure percentage for the past three years is 43. NICE Hijacking Remedies Public Defenders System Foreseen As 'Practical Solution' for Poor People By Herb Little The Associated Press Creation of a public defender system in West Virginia, which past legislatures have found unacceptable, all of a sudden looks as if it may be on the way. The reason is that public defenders look like a practical solution--maybe the only practical one in West Virginia--to a problem created by a 7-2 decision the United States Supreme Court handed down last month. The decision greatly expanded the 1983 Gideon Rule on the right of poor people to free legal counsel when they are defendants in criminal cases. In the historic Gideon case, the Supreme Court said a defendant who can't afford a lawyer must be furnished one free unless he waives the right. But the Gideon case involved a felony. The court did not rule in that case whether i.he right, extended to all criminal cases, petty misdpmeanors as well a.i more serious crimes. Last month's decision extended indigent?' right to free counsel to all criminal cases involving a possible jai! term, no matter how short. Â»Â«- THE MAJORITY opinion by Justice William 0. Douglas said that, unless 'here is "a knowing and intelligent waiver" by the defendant of his right to a lawyer, "no person may be imprisoned for any offense, whether classified 8s petty, misdemeanor, or felony, unless he was represented by counsel at his trial." In West Virginia, the new rule will have its biggest impact in justice of the peace courts and municipil courts because they handle the biggest volume of misdemeanor cases. Charleston Municipal Court alone handles from 5,000 to 8.000 cases a year, according to Judge John N. Charnock Jr. A beneficial effect of the Supreme Court decision in West Virginia, Charnock said, "is that it will probably result in creation of public defenders." Forest J. Bowman, executive director of the West Virginia Stale Bar, said, "one of the answers, of course, is a public defender system." Rf.fnrp i)v? June decision, a State Bar committee headed by Charleston lawyer Forrest H. Roles already had drafted a public defender bill for submission to the legislature. It called for appointment of a full-time public defender in every judicial circuit. However, the bil) as drafted limited his function to defense of indigents charged with crimes punishable by imprisonment for six months or more. ROLES SAID that in view of the court decision, the bill is now being reworked to remove the six-month restriction and provide for defender services in JP and municipal courts as well. Plans call for submission of the bill to the 1973 Legislature. The six-month provision in the bill as originally drafted paralled a rule promulgated by the U.S. Supreme Court --recently before the June decision--to be followed by U.S. magistrates. Roles said. The rule required the magistrates to furnish counsel for poor defendants facing possible sentences of six months or more. Judge Charnock said a troublesome aspect of the decision "is that you're going to have to pre-try cases." What he meant was that in indigent cases where law provides a choice between fine and jail sentence, the judge will have to decide whether to rule out jail in advance. If he decides the case is too serious to preclude jail, he will then have to appoint defense counsel. He also foresaw problems in instances where law doea not provide the alternatives of a fine instead of jail--such as the mandatory sentence of at least 24 hours in jail for drunken driving or at least two days In jail for driving with a revoked license. Most of you who have occasion to travel about by air can now let out that deep breath you've been holding. You can also uncross your fingers because I, Mr. Nice, have put some thought into the problem and have come up with not one, but several NICE plans designed to baffle plane hijackers. Starting with the most obvious and probably nicest of the bunch, the 4-Slar Extra Nice goes like this: Anyone going anywhere by plane checks into the airport and is directed to a preparation room. Once there, he or she disrobes to the skin and is offered sunglasses. The sunglasses will be very dark and also optional. Most prudent husbands will accept and use them. Passengers will then leave the various disrobing rooms and pass through windowless passageways directly to their planes. Flights will be in total nudity--no movies, especially x-rated ones--and passengers will be met at their destinations by their clothing. This takes care of the two major sexes--minority sexual groups will just have to go by bus or train. Anyone managing to smuggle a machine- gun or other infernal device aboard unrlpr these conditions will deserve whatever he gets. *Â· THE NEXT NICE plan is sort of designed for the white-knucke trade. Having left complete, and permanent, deep handprints in several airplane armrests myself, I kind of lean toward this one: Upon arriving at the airport, passengers will be met by teams of trained anesthetists and remdered mercifully unconscious. They will then be placed care- fuily Inside padded, well-ventilated, bomb-proof containers. The containers will b* moved to the airplane? on baggage carts and then loaded and stacked Always.- 1 on Sunday ByB.S.Palausky inside the pianos. The airlines will love this plan because you can get about four times as many stacked passengers as sitting passengers in each plane. It should also cut down on the baggage problem. Each passenger's baggage will be stuffed into the container with him. This will help hold down not only with the volume but also with the lost-suitcase woes. It will also cut down on the number of rowdy drunkards in the sky. Being asleep, passengers will also not be needing to eat or look al movies. Each pascsnger's dosage would be timed to wear off about 10 minutes after he lands and he should be able to go about his business well-rested and wonderfully calm. Another plan, which I have named the Nice Who-the-Hell-Cares Super, is for adults only and consists of having every passenger being met at his airplane seat by five double martinis. He or she must chug-a-lug the lot within three minutes. Shortly after this, the seats can be folded away into the floor and the passengers stacked as in the preceding plan. At the destination the passengers will be met by stretchers and preselected favorite hangover remedies. Another plan I have on the drawing board consists of erecting a series of gigantic, coast-lo-coast slingshots. But, there's no use going into all the details of that one and several other Jim-dandy solutions to this deadly serious problem of airplane hijacking. Anyone who is sincerely interested In trying to put an end to it is welcome to drop around by my house and talk it over. My hearing will be super-keen if the visitor is carrying either a large bundle of folding money or better yet--a juicy job contract for somewhere sunny and warm all year. i* FRANKLY THOUGH, despite all the expense and time I've put into this problem of safer air travel, I'd like to see the whole country go back to horse and buggy days. Proper feeding of the horses would eliminate any possibility of air pollution and the whole country would be a lot safer, saner and greener. Picture some jerko jumping up on Old Dobbin waving a couple of pistols, a plastic bomb and seven hand grendades while screaming, "Take me to Havana!" The whole scene would give new depth of meaning to the term "horse laugh." INCIDENTALLY, I'd like to try to gel in what 1 hope will be my last word in on the situation at the Kanawha County Library. I never advocated coddling young jerks and jerkesses. They should be dealt with just like the old ones. We have laws to cover disorderly conduct, use of obscenity in public, etc., etc. Offenders could and should be arrested and dealt with under the law. And that goes for the bunch on the corner opposite (diagonally) the library. My major protest against the action at the library was that no one has a right to simply rule out peaceful assembly and things like that. I think some "basic constitutional rights are being lost in this shuffle. On the other hand, if our policemen were patrolling the library area several weeks ago they might have been able to observe the sale out front, ir. midafter- noon of several hundred dollars worth of drutls in an half-hour. . . We really all ought to try to leave each other the hell alone while behaving in a civilized manner. If the civilized part is too tough for you. maybe you could at. least maybe fake i t . . .