Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia on July 9, 1972 · Page 112
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July 9, 1972

Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia · Page 112

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Location:
Charleston, West Virginia
Issue Date:
Sunday, July 9, 1972
Page:
Page 112
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Page 112 article text (OCR)

eeping Up... c With by ^Pamela Swift THEY GAVE UP CAREERS FOR MARRIAGE: GRACE KELLY, JUNE HAVER. W0MCJI Few Svccesi American women shun success. They fear it will lead to loss of femininity and thus social rejection. Such is the conclusion of a University of Michigan research study entitled "Femininity and Successful Achievement: a Basic Inconsistency," by Matina Homer. Ms. Homer tested a group of undergraduates at a Midwestern i university on their attitudes towards success and achievement. Ninety percent of the men responded favorably to the image of a successful male, but 65 percent of the women expressed anxiety over success figures of their own sex, unconsciously equating success with loss of femininity. In another study at a top women's college, students were given the following exercise: "Anne is at the top of her medical school class. Describe her." Over 70 percent pictured the hypothetical Anne as unattractive. The second most frequent theme was her difficulty in obtaining dates. America's is an achievement- oriented society, Ms. Homer explains, but only for men. "Our society," she writes, "has been unable to reconcile personal ambition, accomplishment, and success with femininity. The more successful or independent a woman becomes, the more afraid society is that she has lost her femininity and therefore must be a failure as a wife and mother. "On the other hand, the more successful a man is in his work, the more attractive he becomes as a spouse and father. Whereas men are unsexed by failures, women seem to be unsexed by success." Many professional women, Ms. Homer points out, "are constantly trying to establish or prove their femininity, often going to great efforts and sometimes to extremes to display in dress and speech the obvious popular standards of femininity. Most American women, however, faced with the conflict between maintaining their feminine image and developing their ability, compromise by disguising that abit- ity and abdicating from competition. "Even when legal and educational barriers to achievement are removed",'"' she concludes, "the motive to avoid success will continue to inhibit women from doing 'too well' --thereby risking the possibility of being socially rejected as 'unfeminine' or 'castrating.'" Mtjtrity Dr+p Out The majority of American college students either drop out or transfer from the schools they entered as freshmen So reports Dr. Alexander W. Astin, director of research for the American Council on Education, basing his conclusion on a study of the college and junior college graduating classes oi 1970 and 1971. In 1966, Dr. Astin reports, when they started out as freshmen. 95 percent of the class of '70 expected to graduate in four years with their class. But by graduation day. 53.3 percent had dropped out; only half applied to other colleges. Junior college students drop out at an even higher rate, the study revealed. Although 90 percent of entering junior college students expect to get their degree in two years, one-third drop out within a year, and another third fail to complete the second year. Again, only half of the dropouts even apply to another school. Clearly. Dr. Astin concludes, among American college students "unfulfilled expectations are the rule rather than the exception." Long Hair Tale Long Iwir may lead to unplanned pregnancy, especially in England. It sounds like an old wices tale, but it vin't. The fact is throughout Great Britain, barbershops tratli- tionaUy provide young men with tip,s and reminders concerning contraceptives. Young men who no longer frequent barbershops, a re- search organization discovered, may have no other source or reminder about taking precautionary measures. The research organization. Political and Economic Planning, interviewed. 50 young women un- dergoingabortwns and found them woefully ignorant on the subject of sex and contraception. WITH HAIR THIS LONG IN STYLE. BRITISH YOUTHS MISS BARBER'S ADVICE PARAIJI: · JUIV 'I. 1072

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