Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia on May 23, 1976 · Page 59
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May 23, 1976

Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia · Page 59

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Charleston, West Virginia
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Sunday, May 23, 1976
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NealR.Peirce Daley Defies Washington, Risks Aid CHICAGO - Mayor Richard J,Daley and his city of the Big Shoulders are engaged in a daring, multi-front defiance of the federal government - thus risking hundreds of millions of dollars of federal aid and the creditworthiness of a city hitherto famed for its sound fiscal management. Daley says he wants to preserve local autonomy against the weight of meddlesome federal authority - an objective shared by mayors from coast to coast. But opponents say the 73-year-old mayor's real goal is to save the power base of America's last big city political machine. Three major cases highlight the fight of "Citadel Chicago" - alleged racial discrimination in the police department, triggering the nation's only major cutoff of federal revenue sharing money; federal charges of racial imbalance in school teaching staffs; and litigation challenging Chicago's location of federally subsidized housing for the poor. Sunday Gazeltt'-Muil CkarleslM, W.Ya. May 8,117* PigtlE Smoldering Remains of DC10 Jetliner like on a Kennedy Airport Runway After Striking a Flock of Birds Pilots Complain of a Variety of Conditions at Various Airports Around the Country Airport Safety Pilots' Worry By Jay Perkins - WASHINGTON (AP)-The airport at St. Thomas in the Virgin Islands, where an American Airlines jet crashed last month, is one of several U.S. airports that some airline pilots contend are not as safe as they should .be. Because'of the pilots' complaints, the Airline Pilots Assn., the trade union of commercial pilots, is surveying its members on the issue of airport safety. A spokesman says the association can't comment publicly about what the pilots say until the survey is completed. The pilots complain mostly about Kennedy Airport in New York, Washington's National Airport, Boston's Logan International, Los Angeles International, and the airports in San Diego, Calif., and Anchorage, Alaska. THEIR CRITICISM, stated in formal complaints to the Pilots Assn., involves flights of birds top near runways and the ·use of some runways and flight paths under certain conditions. No pilot has charged that an American airport's entire operation is unsafe or not as safe as it should be. . - The Virgin Islands crash, on April 27 involved a controversial runway at the Harry S. Truman airport serving Charlotte -Amalie, the capital of St. Thomas. A Boeing 727-100 landed long on the 4,550-foot ;runway, hit an embankment and slammed into a gasoline station and rum factory. Thirty-seven of the 88 persons aboard were killed. Many were tourists. The runway has been criticized by pilots and by Virgin Islands politicians as too short for big jets. The American crash was the second airline accident at the airport in six years. The airport is surrounded by mountains on three sides and aircraft must approach from the sea. The 727-100 is the largest jet the Federal Aviation Administration allows to land at the airport. A half dozen larger jets aren't allowed to land there. The FAA, which has set the operational requirements to which some pjlots object, contends that the procedures it mandates are safe. The National Transportation Safety Board, which investigates aircraft accidents, says it has never found that the operational requirements criticized by the pilots have caused an accident. However, it has found that one situation criticized-birds near airport runways--has caused accidents. Much of the pilots' criticism concerns landing and takeoff flight paths they are . required to follow to minimize noise on the ground or to skirt tall buildings. They also criticize restrictions that sometimes keep them from using all of an airport runway . during landings. * ' ONE AIRPORT always mentioned by pilots when discussing airport safety is National Airport in Alexandria, Va., just across the Potomac River from Washington. Aircraft are not allowed to fly over certain restricted areas such as the White House or the Capitol-and are required to follow the curving Potomac as a noise control measure when approaching the airport from the north. This forces pilots to make a low level turn just before landing in order to line up with airport Runway 18. The pilots say this turn, which can be as much as 30 degrees, is made at an altitude of 200 to 300 feet. They contend a straighten approach would be safer because it would give them more time to stabilize their aircraft in level flight before landing, especially in bad weather requiring flight on instruments. The FAA contends the procedure is safe in both good and bad weather. "It's certainly safe enough," said J.A. Ferrarese, deputy director of the FAA's Blight Standards Service. "The visibility requirements and altitude requirements for the instrument approach are certainly high enough so there is plenty of time for the pilot to adjust his flight path accordingly." Asked if the procedure is as safe as a straight-in landing, Ferrarese said, "Well, when you phrase the question that way, it's just like saying is it safer to land on a 10,000 foot runway than a 5,000 foot runway, is it safer to land during the day than at night, is it safer to land on a dry runway than a wet runway. "It's hard to answer. It's all relative. If we thought it was unsafe we wouldn't al- low operations. We feel that the conditions under which we allow operations allow for an adequate margin of safety." The pilots' primary objection to Kennedy in New York involves birds which sometimes flock near the end of runways. Birds were cited in connection with the accident last November of a National Airways DC10 jetliner. The crew aborted takeoff when birds were sucked into one engine, causing it to disintegrate. No one was injured but the aircraft was damaged. The National Transportation Safety Board announced on April 1 that the General Electric engine used on the DC10 might be more likely to disintegrate when birds are ingested than other types of jet engines. It urged testing of the engine. Kennedy Airport officials now assign people to patrol runways and scare away birds. The FAA says it is looking at ways to better control birds at airports. Richard Lee Strout Melodrama Nothing New A reporter who occasionally covers the Senate can't help a sneaking hope that "Daniel Patrick Moynihan, erstwhile ambassador to the UN, erstwhile, envoy to India, erstwhile historian, urbanologist, sociologist, erstwhile everything else, might ,reach that body. It's stodgy and needs . flamboyance. It wasn't always this way. Before radio and television, when a mem- "ber in a string tie and swallow tails could reach a crowd of 10,000 without straining his tonsils or using amplifiers the Senate " always had a sprinkling of wonderful ec- . centrics, let alone some noble characters, sometimes combined in one man. They . are still there, perhaps, masquerading as .solid citizens, but electronics have flat- ned them out, and the disguise is deep. This isn't an endorsement of Pat Moyni- ,.han who, according to some reports, is , about to toss his leprechaun's hat into the 'senatorial race in New York; it is just a ^nostalgic thought about old times where ..he might have fitted in better. He's gregarious and controversy-prone, and the .fatherless, Irish, shoeshine boy turned counselor to presidents would liven the Senate up. I found myself turning to a red- bound Congressional Directory, 69th Con,, gress, 2nd Session, December 1926 ? Calvin Coolidge President, with the cover -·stamped "Cora Rigby." Half a century ." ago ... The Senate list is there, all 96 of .. them: 53 Republicans in roman type: 42 Democrats in italic type, and one Farmer- Labor in Roman caps--that was Henrik .Shipstead practicing dentist of Kandiyohi County. Minn., who could pass a law or take out a tooth. MY EYES move lovingly down the list starting with witty, courtly Henry F. ' Ashurst. D-Ariz.. who defined a happy life I as one that lasted 90 creative years and . ended with a shot from a jealous husband. There is Royal Copeland of New York", with his red carnation. There is girnlet- . eyed, austere. Tom Walsh. Teapot Dome ^jprosecotor, born in Two Rivers. Wis. but ^Montanan by chokx-the nemesis of Albert Fall. Aiding him in the inquiry was Barton R. Wheeler whose apartment, iiie Walsh's, was mysteriously rifled, office ransacked, telephone tapped, mail opened and past probed by government agents. Melodrama didn't begin here with "All the President's Men." Here is the clown from Alabama: "An empty taxi drove up and Heflin stepped out," somebody quipped: an amiable and likeable phony, "Tom- Tom" Heflin. What a contrast with humorless Reed Smoot, lugubrious as an undertaker, whose coming to Washington in 1903 occasioned a row because he was a Morman and did they still practice polygamy? He didn't; in 1926 he was in his fifth term and the author of the violently protectionist Smoot-Hawley tariff. He was immensely powerful under Coolidge as chairman of the Finance Committee. Poor chap, he was scandalized by.modern laxity and wanted to censor periodicals, provoking the alliterative headline, "Smite Smut, Smoot!" It is a Senate to watch. Reporters loll in their chamber behind the press gallery as U;ey do today, but no longer does the gallery superintendent poke his head through the swing door to cry, "Borah's up!" The room empties in a minute; everybody piles out into the gallery to hear the great rumbling tones of ^ie leonine orator. What an accolade for a man 50 years later: just two words -- "Borah's up!'' DOWN THERE, too. is Carter Glass from Virginia, founder of the Federal Reserve Sytem. testy and emotional, with an odd twist to his niouth and an accent everybody tries to imitate. "Just think what Carter would say.'' Woodrow Wilson observed once in pretended awe. "if he used his whole mouth! " "Fighting Bob" LaFollette is gone but his Wisconsin seat is taken by his son. Just two years before in the three-way president race LaFollette Sr. got 5.000.000 votes. At that 1924 Democratic Madison Square Garden convention another Alabama senator was his state's favorite son. The convention was the first broadcast by radio fid ran to 103 ballots. As the battle swung'between Al Smith and William Gibbs McAdoo. roll call started with Ala- bama, delivered in a sentorian Southern accent--"Al-a-bam-ah casts twenty-fo' votes for (pause) Oscar W. UN-derwood!" What a list. Hiram Johnson, Pat Harrison, Jim Couzens, steely-eyed Jim Reed, that wonderful fraud, Jim Watson. Presiding over it is Gen. Charles G. (Hell-and- Maria) Dawes. They had crackling personalities (like Fiorello LaGuardia over in the. House) which somehow the TV-age tends to standardize, subdue, flatten. The present election is a media event. For the first time we have an actual Hollywood actor running for president, and inevitably this is a trend so long as we pick candidates by personality parade; television discards issues, parties and the supporting cast of congressmen and throws its spotlight on the Big Shot--the thespian type. THERE WAS one man in the 69th Congress who didn't fit the patteiu George Norris of Nebraska. He was simple, idealistic, rock-hard. In the House he overthrew Speaker Joe Cannon and in the Senate got through the 20th Amendment ending the notorious lame duck session. Then after a 15 year struggle, he won Muscle Shoals for the people. Public ownership shocked Coolidge and Hoover and for the sake of private enterprise Henry Ford offered $5 million to buy priceless nitrate plant. In his veto Hoover said that, public ownership would "break down the initiative and enterprise of the American people ... I hesitate to contemplate the future of our institutions, of our government, and of our country if the preoccupation of its officials is to be no longer the promotion of justice and equal opportunity but is to be devoted to barter in the markets. This is not liberalism, it is degeneration." Sounds like Mr. Ford vetoing the day-care bill. Norris had arched eyebrows that gave him a surprise look and he was a poor speaker but. as FDR called him on a special outdoor stop at McCook. Nebraska (Sept. 28.1932) as the sunset burned and throbbed above the prairie, "fie was the very perfect gentk knight of American progtessive ideals." Qijwe a crowd when yoa come to think about it. BOSTON'S LOGAN Airport is criticized because of bird problems (cited in a 1960 crash) and because pilots are forced to use less" than the full 10,000 feet of Runway 4 during instrument approaches. Pilots also complain that noise abatement procedures at Logan prevent them from flying ppti-. mum courses under certain conditions. ' The displaced threshold on Runway 4 is designed to keep airplanes from hitting ships in the nearby harbor during bad weather landings. Pilots say the instrument landing system on that runway places an aircraft 3,650 feet down the runway when the glidepath is followed. This means the plane has only 6,350 feet in which to stop instead of the 10,000 feet it has in good weather when visual landings are made. Although there have been several major accidents at Logan in past years, the displaced threshold and the noise abatement procedures never have been cited as factors. ' The FAA acknowledges that pilots do not like displaced threshholds "because they want as much runway as they can possibly get. But there is sufficient .runway for the plane to land so it is perfectly safe," said Ferrarese. He noted that several other airports around the country also have displaced thresholds. Birds are no longer a serious problem at Logan, he added. San Diego's Runway 27 requires pilots to fly over the city when making an east to west approach. Tall buildings in the area require airplanes to remain higher than normal, in some pilots' view, and then to make a sharper than normal descent into the airport. "You have towering buildings on your left and right and you feel like you're landing on main street," one pilot said. NO OTBEX American city MM dared such broad-ranging resistance to Washing ton. But Chicago is a unique city. It is UK American metropolis where Ike eserene of local power - raw, unfettered power, in every field from bourn to crime to architecture, and most vividly in politics and government-- has been brovf it to ill apex. Chicago boasts it's the only old city tint "works." But can it work without federal aid? The city's real choice -- Dtley's tabled "clout" notwithstanding - is capitulation to federal directives, or some form of "voluntary bankruptcy" by year's end. When I asked Daley why Chicago was having so many feuds with Washington, he charged political motivation in the moves against the city. He said he's told his fellow majors for years that revenue sharing -- despite all assurances of no-strings-attached federal aid was like the Trojan horse. "In government, with money comes authority," he said. "If you don't watch yourself, the (federal) government will be coming in and telling you how to run your city." Daley said he isn't opposed to federal "handouts" because "we're entitled to a part of the taxes." But federal authorities, he charged, rarely sit down for early consultations with a city to prevent conflicts, and seem to forget that city leaders "have as much interest in our problems as they have." Daley said he abhorred going "hat in.Kahd" to Washington "begging for something that belongs to you." There are many thoughtful local officials across the nation who share those sentiments. They might think twice, however, before applauding Chicago as the test city on federal interference. The reason: Daley is asserting the right principles for the wrong reasons. lion in 1975-76 federal revenue sharing. With lost interest, the shortfall will reach f 1M million by December. Yet that money is already figured into the current $1.1 billion city budget. Without it, according to reform Alderman Dick Simpson, the city won't be able to pay bills by late autumn. THERE HAS NEVER been a major accident on this runway, the National Transportation Safety Board says. The FAA says the descent angle is a "little bit unusual," but contends it is not a safety problem. Los Angeles draws pilot criticism for the over water approaches required at night as a noise abatement procedure for planes that do not meet federal noise standards. This requires pilots using those planes to make their night approaches and takeoffs over the Pacific Ocean, unless wind conditions make those approaches unsafe. It also results in what pilots call head to head traffic-incoming and outgoing traffic on the same general heading. The FAA says there is nothing unsafe about the airport. "We've evaluated that airport thoroughly." said Ferrarese. "We've sent people from Washington out there, looked at it under all kinds of conditions. "The particular runway used (during night operations) has more equipment than other runways of similar configuration. Plus, the minimums (altitudes during landing) are higher than normal." he said. "Let me put it this way. The concern that has been expressed has been exaggerated." Anchorage is cited because strong crosswinds sometimes make landings on the existing, runways tricky. Construction of another runway is planned to reduce this problem. tain segregation? ALL THREE major showdowns between Chicago and the federal government are based on the Daley machine's deliberate subjugation of racial minorities to maintain the white ethnic neighborhood base that underpins its power. Chicago, according to the Council on Municipal Performance, is America's most racially segregated city. The housing case against the city, which it recently lost in the U.S. Supreme Court, had its origin in the notorious "alderman's agreement" rule that let any city councilman veto public housing in his district. One result: of the 54 federally'funded public housing projects built in Chicago by the late '60s, all but four were in black neighborhoods and had black tenant rates of up to 99 per cent. The housing decision will force any future public housing into the suburbs -- an idea Daley can live with. The revenue sharing case is far more serious. In it, a federal court found the Chicago Police Department guilty of gross and intentional employment discrimination against blacks, Hispanic-Americans and women. Under a reform police commissioner, Orlando Wilson, the department's black personnel grew to 25 per cent between 1960 and 1967. Then'Wilson left, "normalcy" returned, and through discriminatory tests administered by the Irish-dominated, Daley-controlled force, the black share of police slots decreased to 16 per cent in seven years. (Chicago's population was 33 per cent black in 1970.) Defying federal court orders to reddress the department's racial imbalance, the city has already lost more than $100 mil- AN INDEPENDENT expert, Dr. Donald Haider of Northwestern University. acmes Simpson of exaggeration and says Ckkafo win not "go belly-up tomorrow." Bit there may be cash-flow problems, Haider says- Despite the uty's low debt load, loaf-term fiscal problems may soon appear. One recent survey showed Chicago's per capita expenditures for basic services mining M per cent ahead of those in supposedly profligate New York. Chicago's third major faceoff with the "feds" involves teacher assignments and a potential cutoff of $150 million in aid this year, threatening inner-city schools, school lunch and bilingual education programs. Despite negotiations stretching back to 1969, the school board - technically independent, but tied closely to Daley -- has refused to assign more minority teachers to white students and while teachers to minority students. Richard Friedman, regional director ot the Department of Health, Education and Welfare says the federal government has been sensitive to Chicago's problems but that federal civil rights statutes must and will be enforced, as they were in the South in the '60s. Local government, he says, doesn't "have an untrammeled right to do with federal money as it pleases." Chicago, Friedman adds, doesn't lack sophistication or administrative expertise. It's a highly centralized, tightly run city, he says, which is defying Washington " as a matter of official social policy." Which raises the question: What com-. pels Daley to risk so much, just to main.- THE ONLY convincing answer 1 could find comes from a bitter Daley foe, former Alderman Leon Despres. "The machine," Despres said, "is in the business of making a living off politics. That requires total control. Control is what gives them their livelihood, their chance of office, of pillage." The white ethnic neighborhood base, Despres added, is the bedrock of the machine's power. To maintain that foundation, it must "support and practice segregation." Thus, if conditions of a federal grant "mean dissolving the pattern of segregation in housing and police and schools, the machine figures it might as well go out of business." Daley and his men, Simpson said, know that the precedent of cutting off revenue sharing because of racial discrimination could be applied to many other city departments. "So between the race issue, which is about to undo them anyway, and the patronage issue, which is always a concern, they're not sure the whole thing might not unravel." What should distub other cities is the fresh ammunition Mayor Daley is providing to those who would attach more and more strings to revenue sharing and other federal aid programs Daley is correct when he says that all "intelligence" doesn't live "along the Potomac." Local governments do suffer under irrational federal rules and regulations. But Daley, by his unconscionable choice of issues on' which to buck Washington, may end up,doing immense harm to the legitimate cause of local decision-making. Letter to the Editor Old Hacks Did Job Editor: There was an article in the State Magazine section on May 9 entitled "Grandpa's Hot Rod." 1 did not know Buttermilk John. Squirrel John or Lying John Cales. but I knew of them. I know more of the history of your so-called springboard. It isn't a springAj.d. it's a hack. It was built for the use of two horses with a pole. When these hacks were built roads were so bad that one horse couidn t pull them. There is supposed to be another seat with that hack IT the picture with the young man under the hack, one may see the steps going to the nonexistent rear seat. Most farmers wnen they had to carry any produce to town removed the rear seat and used the back a; a small pickup truck is used lc4y Also there is supposed to be a floor mat: also the dash-board had a pater,', ley'hfr cover. How do I know" 1 About 20 years .ij'.i I picked up my grandfather's ar.-i err;;!mother's hack from a fieia where ii "M been left for junk and I rtbaiit U The ?.le"- norjtes of the Shendr.dnah \Viiev rcb-ji'. 1 . the wheels for me. T'r.erv ·*« a sale?:: .an who went through flretnbr.er. Mon:-*. 1 Summers counties from j.bftf :v5 to :92 r "; selling these hacks A hai-'s cos- SI 25 without a lop and 5200 with .: top My grandparents Charles H andLj-.eie-r.e A" Baila-c Ijliy of Hir.ton bought ore . without thv top a? they didn't have the money i*.~ '.hi luxuries One of theM 1 "H hack- with a '··o Irdtan Creek :r. in excellent rebuilt covered b Monroe Countv. ^ Paul Rt f,

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