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4 THE NOTTINGHAMSHIRE GUARDIAN, THURSDAY EVENING, APRIL 25, 1850. MARKETS. (For the remainder of the Markets lee Vd mt.) CORN. Mask Lass, Monday, Apnl a. TWe of -beat bv Und-carrage ple And "th 4 quantity of barley, bean.
from all the near counties, verv moderate fnah oats from our own coart, and lew from Scotland. The of foreign wheat, barley, and oat have been rge iiay seamght of ail foreign grain and wed they SI, 154 qr. in the past week, with poj ack nd ij. of flour. Heavy showers fall nearly every day, with U1'1 mediate steams of sunshine.
Owsng -to the-iiwtannt' supply of Kngluh wheat, the factors exhibited more 5rmn this morning than of late, and line samples of white rali fully aa much money, with a fair steady sale for dry lualiti eenerally at last weeks currency. There was moderao! demand for the better description of foreign wheat, uui change took place in the value of such. Town made lour somewhat unsettled, and tb top quotation is only nominal good ship marks and French were not offered lower. Main barley was quite as dear, and the flnest samples fair reouL? and heavy foreign commanded a good sale at lull price. was held on former term.
Good dry English beans nipnom-s price with a fair steady sue. hut Egyptians heme abundant were easier to purchase. Pea ot all sorta irouaht nearly as much monev. Oats were told sumewaat more 'reel both to the consumers and dealers, and for really choice and sweet corn rather higher rates were established than this day en night. 0 Current Prices of Grain, per Imperial Quarter BRITISH.
Wheat, Essex, Kent, St Suffolk red, New Ditto, ditto ditto white do. Norfolk and Lincoln red ditto Cambridgeshire ditto ditto Irish red Rye, old New Barley, grinding Id ip Malt, 43 iff Pale Beans, tick new old 31 3fl Harrow Long-pod 3d 40 Windsors Peas, grey 33 24 Maple Gats. Lincolnshire St Yorkshire, feed Scotch (AngusJ Irish, white Per 2SO tb 1 Town-made Flour l6 38 Essex and Kent 20 to FOREIGN. Wheat, Dantsic, Konigsburgh, Stc. Marks, Mecklenburg Danish, Holstein St Friesland red Russian, hard 34 35 Sort 35 38 Old 4t 45 Do 34 37 Do 34 33 Do 32 34 White 23 3 ran a 20 21 Maitg.
23 5 48 31 Ware sa 54 2d 34 Pigeon 3d 18 3d 3a Green id 25 28 White 34 37 14 15 Poland Id 15 18 Potato 18 in 13 17 leek 13 14 Per 280th Norfolk and Stockton id 17 Irish Free In Bond ia 16 39 41 30 ia 33 37 39 41 40 ia 28 29 19 2U 22 23 18 21 23 24 Id 17 14 15 14 15 20 23 28 31 Brabant, red French, red Indian corn, yellow Rye, Baltic, dried. Barley, gri tiding Beans, ticks Peas, white Oats, Dutch, brew and thick Russian, Danish, Friesland, feed Flour, per barrel French, per sack 39 40 White 40 41 Ditto 27 28 White 1 9 20 ndried 15 17 Malting 20 22 Egyptian 20 24 Maple Comparative Prices and Quantities of Corn. WEEKLY AVERAGES by AVERAGES from the Hgprulturt, feortuulturf, Sir E. Knatchbull has closed, for three years, his immense and magnificent mansion- at Meersham Hatch, in Kent, his diminished rent-roll not allowing him to keep it up. Swindon.
The Earl of Ducie has announced to his numerous tenantry in the neighbourhood of Wotton-under-edge that he has made a reduction of 5s. per acre in the rest his arable farms, as well to the tenants holding under lease as to the tenants at will. Rents for Land. The Free-trade times are fast bringing down rents in all directions. The corporation of Lincoln have just let two fields for 27, which formerly were let for 40per annum this is a reduction to no small amount.
The two fields in question are situated on the Asylum Road, and have been let to Mr. T. Cooper, former. Lincolnshire Chronicle. Foreign Hops.
The importation of foreign hops continues to take place to a considerable extent from the United States of America, and also to a lesser extent from Belgium, the produce of these countries, which is of importance, as evincing the practicability of a continuance in the supply of this novel article of foreign merchandise throughout the year, the present being the first of such importations from abroad taking place. The American ship Independence, from New York, has brought 110 bales, consigned to Older the Nautilus from Antwerp, 5 bales; the Soho, from Antweip, 10 bales and the Sir Edward Banks, from the same place, 15 bales of the article. Guano. An account of all guano imported into the united kingdom in each of the years from 1841 to 1849 inclusive has just been published. The return called for included the years 1838 to 1849, but as guano was specifically charged with duty until 1841 no account of the importations for those years could be rendered.
The largest quantity imported in any year during the period to which the account refers was 283.300 tons in 1845, and the smallest, 2.881 tons in 1841. The quantity imported in 1849 was 83,438 tons. The countries furnishing the greater portion of the imports are Peru and Bolivia, Chili, the western coast of Africa, and the colonial territory of the Cape of Good Hope. From Peru and Bolivia the imports have gradually risen from 1,000 and 2,000 tons to 73,567 tons in 1849 from Chili the largest importation of guano was 11,656 tons, in 1845, since which the importation has decreased to 4,31 1 tons in 1849. From Africa the first importation of guano was in 1843, when 175 tons were brought in in 1845 the imports rose to 207,679 tons in 1848 they were 950, and in 1849 they were 2.545 tons.
From the Cape of Good Hope the first importations were in 1844, and amounted to 253 tons the next year 46,848 tons were imported from this place, and in 1849, 767 tons. Prospect for Farmers. There were certain ingenious calculators, and profound theorists, who informed us that below a certain price (a higher one than the present) foreign corn could not and would not be imported into this country. We are now in the month of April, 1850, and yet, though an unusually early season, we never have experienced such aa inundation of foreign corn. The profound theorists will surely now have the grace and candour to confess that they have been in error.
The truth ia, these gentlemen have never considered com as a currency, or a financial medium. The Americans, to a considerable extent, use it for this purpose, in order to furnish them with the means, no matter at what immediate sacrifice, to carry on their lucrative trade with India and China. Those who have ears to hear let them hear. It is their business to endeavour to understand the problem, which if not they, at least their corn friends, will be ble to solve, and that soon, at their cost. The imports of foreign corn into the port of Liverpool alone, for the two weeks ended the ldth instant are as follows: 245,119 bushels wheat, 627 bags ditto; 2.993 barrels flour.
4,917 3acks ditto; 275,661 bushels Indian com, 60,053 bags ditto 64,132 bushels beaus, 129 bags ditto 248 bags peas, 2,797 bushels ditto 11,600 oushels barley, 168 bags ditto 1640 boxes cheese, 709 casks ditto, 131 cases ditto, 730 loose ditto. Liverpool Mail. In the report from the commissioners of the Times on the state of Essex, Suffolk, and the adjoining counties, there appears the following statement, famished, we are informed, by a labourer himself, of the present cost of articles of weekly consumption, and their former coat, when wages were higher and corn dearer. The prices were as follow masters and have confessed themselves mtable even to tee their merit! without the assistance of the picture scourer, and have been convicted, more than once, of inability to discover them, unless preceded by the academic flourish of capital letters with which their own wretched performances are dexterously heralded before their advent into the presence of an admiring public. Those Evening Bells.
The remarkably fine bells of Limerick Cathedral were originally brought from Italy. They had been manufactured by a young native (whose name tradition has not rkVe and finished after the toil of many years and he prided himself upon his work. They were subsequently purchased by a prior of a neighbouring convent, and, with the profits of this sale, the young Italian procured a little villa, where he had the pleasure of hearing the tolling of his bells from the convent cliff, and of growing old in the bosom of domestic happiness. This, however, was not to continue. In some of those broils, whether civil or foreign, which are the undying worm in the peace of a fallen land, the good Italian was a sufferer amongst many.
He lost his all and, after the passing of the storm, he found himself preserved alone, amid the wreck of fortune, friends, family, and home. The convent in which the bells, the chef-d'oeuvre of his skill, were hung, was razed to the earth, and these last carried away to another land. The unfortunate owner, haunted by his memories and deserted by his hopes, became a wanderer over Europe. His hair grew grey, and his heart withered, before he again found a home and a friend. In this desolation of spirit he formed the resolution of seeking the place to which those treasures of his memory had been finally borne.
He sailed for Ireland, proceeded up the Shannon the vessel anchored in the pool near Limerick, and he hired a small boat for the purpose of landing. The city was now before him and he beheld St. Man steeple lifting its turreted head above the smoke and mist of the old town. He sat in the stern, and looked fondly towards it. It was an evening so calm and beautiful as to remind him of his own native haven in the sweetest time of the year the death of the spring.
The broad stream appeared like one smooth mirror, and the little vessel glided through it with almost a noiseless expedition. On a sudden, amid the general stillness, the bells tolled from the Cathedral the rowers rested on their oars, and the vessel went forward with tbe impulse it had received. The old Italian looked towards the city, crossed his arms on his breast and lay back on his seat home, happiness, early recollections, friends, family all were in the sound, and went with it to his heart. When the rowers looked round, they beheld him with his face still turned towards the Cathedral, but his eyes were closed, and when they landed they found him cold in death The Irishman. Beauties of Orthography.
A Par" for the Spelling Reformers. Mr. Reid, said a Mr. Turner one day to a friend with whom he had been convers-ing, I have just been thinking your name is about as changeable as any I know. Why, how many ways of spelling it are there Reed, Rede, Reid, Read, Wrede, Wread and I dont know how many more ha Well, I am glad my name is not Reid.
Not quite so fast, said Mr. Reid, you have little to boast of in your name. I am inclined to think ou will find it undergoes as many vagaries as my own, if not more. Impossible, ejaculated Mr. Turner.
T-u-r-n-e-r how otherwise, pray, would you spell it? We shall see, said Mr. Reid. In the first place you may spell it thus Thurner. But on what ground do you use the Tb For the same reason you have these letters in Thames, Thomas, If Th represent the sound of in Thomas, why not in Turner, or rather Thurner Well, that is but one change. What others can you show me Oh, several.
You are not perhaps aware that the sound of a as in Tur, and that of as that of ner, are each represented by various vowels in our alphabet, as well as by several combinations. Thus the in Tar, by attorney, car, journey, motion, Ac. and in ner, by miliar, her, earth, stir, soldier, answer, Thus we may legitimately spell your name Thoraar, Thomer, Thor-near, Thomir, Thornier, Thornwer, Thurnar, Thurner, Thurnear, Thurnir, Thumier, Thurnwer, Thour-nar, Th Hold, said Mr. Turner, in astonish ment, I see you are never going to end. How many more changes are you going to ring To tell you the truth, replied Mr.
Reid, I scarcely know how to end, for I have not shown you a twentieth part of the changes your name might undergo. But how would you like it spelt thus Tholognvrrh That is far too much like Dutch for my liking, said Mr. Turner; but by what process do you arrive at such an outlandish combination of letters to represent Turner? By a very simple one, continued Mr. Reid. In the word colonel, the combination colo is made to represent cur; and, by a parity of reasoning, To to or Tholo will represent Tur.
In the word gnaw, gn is the representative of the sound of and why not use it for the same purpose in vour name. As in myrrh, the combination yrrh stands for er, so gnyrrh will of course be ner. Thus we get T-b-o-l-o-g-n-y-r-r-b Turner. Ha, ha 1 am glad my name is not Turner. Nottivgh ASi, Saturday, April 20.
A mail supply of The demaud for wheat was not extensive, but all tresh thrashed samples obtained last weeks prices. Fine sampl-a 0f barley were quite as dear, but inferior sorts were slow ale. i4t4 and beans were saleable at our quotation. Price are follows White wheat, 44. 47.
new, ditto, 3. id, wheat, 37s- new, ditto, ids, tls. foreign, 3d, per 3d stone. New malting barley, 228. 27-; Saale barley, 25.
per qr. grinding ditto, 18s. 20s. per Jo Oats, ia. new, ditto, id.
Ip, per 24 t. Bean, 32. 3d. ditto, new 24s. to 27s.
foreign, old, ditto, 30s. 33s. per 38 Sew superfine flour, 29. 31s; new fine, ditto, ifn. 28.
per 20 stone. Corn returns for the week ending Apnl 19, 1930 Wheat, qrs. 39. 1 1 id. Barley, 25.
Id. Oats, 351 qri. 15s. 10d. Beans, 1 41 25s.
3d. Peas, 28 24s. per qr! Lkicsstxb. Saturday, Apnl 20. A very short supply wheat at market.
Barley a shade lower. Beans no alteration. Corn inspectors return lor the week ending the I2tb ot April Wheat, 979 38s. (5d. Barley, 502 23.
3d. 442 Ida. 9d.Rye, 3 30a. Beans, 35 24. lod! per qr.
Lincoln, Friday, April 19. A very small quantity of wheat, still the trade was very dull, but without any quotable change in value. Scarcely anything passing in spring com, nui price of most articles were in favour of the purchaser. Red wheat, 34s. 3ds.
white, 39. 42s. Barley, 20s. 24s. Oau, 12.
Beans, 29s. 25s. per qr. MEAT. Monday, April 22.
Very few ir-rival have taken place at the imports. From Ireland 6 beasts. 42 sheep, and 41 calves have arrived for this market direct by sea. The number of foreign beasts and calves offer this morning was seasonably good that of sheep small. There was a slight improvement the demand, and prices had an upward tendency.
From our various grating divine is the arrivals of beast fresh up to-day were considerably on the increase, compared with those reported on Monday nevertheless the demand for that description of stock a tbe dead markets were well cleared of their last weeks supply, and the weather was more favourable for slaughtering ruled steady it last week's prices, the run est Scot selling at Is. fid. per sib. The number of beasts from Norfolk, Suffolk, Essex, and Cambridgeshire was 3120 from other parts of England we received about 700 Hereford, runts, Devons, dec. and from Scotland 320 horned and polled Scots.
Tbe remainder of the supply was chiefly derived from abroad. There wa a slight failing jff in the supply of sheep, the general quality of which was rood. On the whole the mutton trade was firm, and a good clearance was effected, at an advance in the quotations of 2d. per sib. the primest old Downs in tbe wool selling at 4.
those out of the wool 3s. lOd. per Stb. We were tolerably well, but not co say heavily, supplied with lambs, the demand tor which ruled firm, and, in some instances, the currencies had an upward tendency. In calves only a Limited business doing yet prices were well supported.
The pork trade as in a sluggish state at last weeks quotations. Comparative number prices of Cattle at Smithfieid. THIS OAY, a SI 22, 1850. AT THIS rkEIOO LAST TXax, THE ROOM OF THE HOUSEHOLD TVk1! roots I low dearly the sanctum of bliss, 7at contain! all the comfort I least like to miss, Where tike ants in a hillock we ran in and out. When sticks grace the corner, and bats lie about; Where no idler dare eosne to annoy or amuse With their morning -call budget of scandalous news Tis the room of tbehouaeboid the sacredly free Ta the room of the household thaf dearest to me.
The romp mar he fearlessly earned on there, tie bijouterie rabbiah solicit our ear XU thing are aa aaeet for the hand as the ere, And jwlili eh and scribbling unheeded may lie Black Tom may be ptreihiri on tbe sofa or chain He ma stretch bis sharp talons and scatter his hain Wet boots may anae m. and the ink-drop may foil For the room of the household is liberty hall. There it something unpleasant in company days. When Saloon are dressed out for When the graceful masourka and Weipperr-ied band Lost the plain country-dance-people all at a stand-Theres more mirth the jW and the amateurs stmm. When the pmehment-apreaJ battledore serve, drum.
When Apollo and Momus together unite Till foe Household-room rings with laugh, re delight. Other room, may bejy and gorgeously stored With your Titian, Salyaui, and Claude But tbe Moreland and Wilkie that hang on foe wail Of foe family parlour out-ealue them all. The gay ottomans, claiming such special regard, Are exceedingly Ant, but exceeding hardf nej TDMJ trvt ioT taU purpose but go, if you 7 c- Uc household- rootL cuihiooi for comfort cMMt. the dying child Mother, come nearer to thy child, and kiss me ere 1 die. Mother, my heart throbs loud and wild and dim, dim grows my eye Nay, dry those pearly tear of thine I mi wayward boy.
And oh much grief hare caused thee too, with little, little joy Mother. you Aid me hope in Heaven, and say it i land Where ever-blooming flower do grow, and grove of palm-trees stand You told me I should play a harp, and wear a crown of gold, And pleasure have without alloy, and happine untold. Then say sweet mother is it so there place called 'Heaven And shL 1 see that happy whence death and sin are driven 0 tell me shall I soar on wings bevond von starry sky If so, why shed those scalding tears 'why mourn because I die? Mother, weep not To die is gain, you told me yes ter -eve, Anri we shall meet again in Heaven then Mother do not grieve Alas, I scarce can see thee now and slow, slow, beau my bean Give me thy hand, come closer still, and kiss me ere we part Thy blessing with mv dving breath is all I ask of thee, Yet promise that when I am dead thou w.lt not mourn for me. Hark, Mother bark 1 they come, they cornel how beautifnl and bright See Mother, how they beckon, as they take their golden flight 1 come, bright angels lend vour wing, and let, let me fly. Sweet Jesus, take me to thyself! Mother, I die, I die Nottingham, April 20, 1850.
T- Campion. VARIETIES. Large minds are rareiv quick. The world is more apt to reward appearances than deaerta. In jealousy there is more love of self than of any one else.
Trials are moral ballast, that often prevent our capsizing. Poetry is to philosophy what the Sabbath is to the rest of the week. The merit of our actions consists not in doing extraordinary actions, but in doing ordinary actions extraordinarily well. The public character of a man is the tinsel worn at Court his private character is the service of gold kept at his bankers. An exquisite being asked why he married a second time, replied, Because I think it so wherry rt-unvtng A modern writer has discovered that the human brain is a vegetable.
It may be, says Short Six, but bow should it be cooked Ask Eliza Cook. A tailor was lately brought before Nottingham magistrate and fined five shillings for being drunk. He pleaded in mitigation that his was a hard case, it being the fourth time he had paid the same amount for the same thing. You are a coward. said a quarrelsome twisthand the other day to a swain in a smockfrock from Gotham, who would not fight No I beant, replied the countryman, Ive nought to do with cows, Im a shepherd.
There was some philosophy in the hen-pecked husband, who, being asked why he had placed himself so completely under the government of his wife, answered, To avoid the worse slavery of being under my own. A lady of refined feelings once remonstrating with Mr. Strellev, inquired, How can you be so barbarous as to put little innocent lambs to death Why not, madam, said the polite butcher, you surely would not eat them alive Jack seems quite afraid of work, said! one apprentice to another, speaking of an idle companion. Afraid of work, Bill said the other, bless you not at all he will often lie down and go to sleep by the side of it. One of the most distinguished medical practitioners used to say, that he considered a fee so necessary to give an opinion, that when he looked at his own tongue in the glass, he invariably slipped a sovereign from one pocket to the other.
Windsor Castle Anecdote IVhen the Princess Helena was bom, it is said that the Princess Royal on that she was now blessed with another little sister, exclaimed with the most charming simplicity, how delighted I am do let me go and tell mamma Family Joe Miller. Painters Toasts. The Press it er-presses troth re-presses error im -presses knowledge, and op-presses none. We thought this too good to be rap -pressed, and therefore publish it Woman, the fairest work of creation the edition being extensive, let no man be without a copy." Satisfaction. A ruined debtor having done every thing in his power to satisfy- his creditors, said to them, Gentlemen, 1 have been extremely perplexed, till now, how to satisfy you and having done my utmost to do so, I shall leave you to satisfy yourselves.
GRACE BEFORE DINNER, BY ROBERT BURNS. Som ha meat and canna eat, And som can eat that hant it Now we ha meat, and we can eat, For which the Lord be thanket. A writer in Notes and Queries gives the following wicked but witty epigram by La Monnoye The world of fools has such a store, That he who would not see an ass Must bide at borne, and bolt his door, And break bis looking glass. Ebenezer Elliott, writing to a gentleman who proposed to call and taste his home-brewed, said When I married, my wife agreed that we should have two bairns, a lad and a lass, and the best home-brewed ale in England. She more than kept her promise as to tbe bairns, for they came so fast that they stopped the brewing.
Antidote to Copper. According to the celebrated chemist, Orfild, there is no remedy for poisoning by copper at all comparable to sugar a discovery which we owe to Marcellin Duval therefore, when a person is known to be poisoned by copper, he should be made to swallow sugar and syrup in large quantities. In the briefest correspondence known, only two figures were used, the first containing a note of interrogation implying, Is there any news? The answer was a cipher (0), None. This wag clever but neighbour Shuttle worth, in Nottingham Market Place, beats it. He has on his chimney two large Ts, one painted black the other green, to intimate that he sells black and green tea.
At the establishment of volunteer corps, a certain corporation not a thousand miles from Sherwood Forest agreed to form a body, on condition that they should not be obliged to quit the country. The proposal was submitted to the then premier Pitt, who said he had no objection to the terms if they would permit him to add except in case of invasion. An Irishman having accidentally broken a pane of glass in a window of a house in Queen Street, was making the best of his way to get out of sight, as well as out of mind but, unfortunately for Pat, the proprietor stole a march on him, and, having seized him by the collar, exclaimed, You broke my window, fellow, did you not To be sure, I did, said Pat, and didnt you see me running home for money to pay for it A Jolly Life. Insects generally must lead a trulv jovial life. Think what it must be to lodge in a lily.
Imagine a palace of ivory or pearls, with pillars of silver and capitals of gold, all exhaling such a perfume as never arose from human censer. Fancy, again, the fun of tucking yourself up for the night in the folds of a rose, rocked to sleep in the gentle sighs of summer air, nothing to do when you awake but to wash yourself in a dew-drop, and fall to and eat your bed-clothes. A shoemaker, to eclipse an opponent, put over his door tbe well known -motto, Mens conscia recti. His opponent, determined not to be outbailed, placed a placard in his windows, Mens and womens conscia recti. This reminds us of a painter who had an order to finish a iiachment for a county family with the motto Sic transit gloria mundi, which was to be executed and sent home on the first day of the week being a day too late, he fixed it on the mansion with the following inscription, Sic trangit gloria Tuesday." If reason affects to be self-sufficient she is an impotent usurper but if she acts in a state of dependence she is a valuable servant.
Does she pretend to be our light in matters of a spiritual and heavenly nature She is then a despicable dotard or ignis faturn. Does she kindle her torch at the fire of Revelation She may then be a discemer of doctrines, and we will call her the candle of the Lord. to her divine author, and learning at the feet of Omniscience, she is reason tn her senses. Presuming to be equal with the All -wise, undertaking to comprehend his works, or daring to dispute his word, she is reason run mad. In this quality we cashier and disclaim her in the other we cherish and employ her.
Lord Bacon. Cure for the Whoopincough. I know, said one of my parishioners, what would cure him, but appen you wouldnt believe me. What is it, Mary I asked. Why, I did every thing that every body teld me.
One teld me to get him breathed on by a piebald horse. I took him ever such a way, to a horse at and put him under the boree mouth; but he was no better. Then I was teld to dreg him backward through a bramble bush. I did so; but this didn cure him. Last of all I was teld to give him nine fried mice, fasting, in a morning, in this way the first morning then watt three mornings, and then give him thref more wait three mornings, and then give him three more.
When he kad eaten these nine fried mice he became qrnto well. This would be sure to cure your child. Sir. Notes and Queries. alce of the have learnt the Fine Arts softens men manners, nor suffers them to becooK brutal.
So runs the translation of the Latin proverb and true enough it is. Mr. Coningham, of Kemp Town, fully sensible of this, in addressing a letter on the subject to the editor of the Morning Pott, says Were the immense national importance as a means of instruction, of the fine arts, and the powerful social influence which such ennobling pursuits must exercise on the general tone ofsocietv in purifying it from the all-pervading flunkevism which the curse of the age were even the material advantages (in a mercantile point of view) to be derived from them duly appreciated, instead of grudgiLly estimating the Elgm Marbles by thousands we should measure their value by millions of pounds sterling they are, in fact, beyond price an article for which do demand will ensure a supply. It is for this reason that the condition and management of our public repositories of art demand the earnest and undivided attention of some enlightened statesman and it is the bounden duty of our national representatives to insist, firmly and energetically, upon the immediate removal of those who at present monopolise, and are upon all ocasions (royal commissions, for instance) most offensively thrust forward, although they have repeatedly proved themselves totally incompetent to fill an office requiring tbe high qualifications of know-and judgement. The ex-officio trusteeship of National Gallery, now held by academic presi-must cease.
The guardianship of the national i of art must be taken out of the hands of who, not content with speaking contemptuously master-pieces of the divine Raffaelle, have a guerre al cucbsUo' against the ancient LITERARY NOTICE. Evadne; or an Empire in its Fall, 3 vols. By G. Charles Rowcrofl. London: T.
and W. Boone. We have carefully read the work before us, and find in it inanv passages which unfold great wisdom, acumen, and judgment. The author has chosen the form of an historical romance in the which to develope his views of the similarity which he thinks exists betwixt the political and social condition of Rome previous to its fall, and the present condition of Great Britain but that romance is overdone. We are fully inclined to Mr.
Rowcrofts views on this deeply absorbing subject, more especially those which bear upon impending dangers, which, unless averted, threaten similar fatal consequences to our own country. He has evidently an intense interest in the welfare of our land, which interest is fully proved by the earnest manner in which the more serious chapters of the work are written. He is not satisfied with merely stringing facts together as matters of history, and clothing them in the garb of romance, but he, with great power and vigour, draws a parallel betwixt the two countries, which demands deep and solemn attention at the hands of every member of the community. It were needless to suggest that we live in times in the highest degree momentous. Well will it be for the nation if she recovers from the succession of troubles into which she has been of late ruthlessly plunged by our wild, theoretical, reckless, speculative senators.
Mr. Rowcroft has not suffered these troubles to pass unnoticed, but has dealt with them in a bold and masterly manner. Severely, yet justly, he censures bad government, tracing to it all the evils, moral, social, and political, of our country. From the lips of Roman orators and senators he gives us views and opinions which are precisely the views and opinions of the legislators of our own nation and times. These are the very valuable parts of the work, for they may be read and studied with decided profit and advantage.
In one of the earlier chapters of the work the author introduces us to a group of persons engaged in conversation on the all-engrossing subject the critical position of Rome at the time the enemy was at its gates, and the Senate deliberating upon the ransom which the king of the Visigoths demanded. How truly is the picture there drawn, tbe picture of our own times Amongst the group are a farmer, a cynic, and a cloth merchant, and the following is a portion of their interesting discussion Content! yes; there it is, said the Cynic so long as you are content, as you call it, the rich will also be content to tax you, and to fleece you no rational being ought to be content under such a state of things. I am sure, the Farmer here observed, that nobody can fling in my face that I am content but in truth who has more cause to be discontented than I have I labour from the rising to the setting of the sun I have to run the risk of wet, and drought, and blight of bad seasons and scanty crops and even in the best of times I get little by my labour for truly it may be said that I sow, but others reap. Of all the pursuits that men follow to earn a living, surely mine is the hardest and most precarious Yon mistake, replied the Cynic, on the contrary, if you understood the advantages of your state you would know that yours is the most dignified employment that man can pursue. It is you who are the real producers of the wealth of the earth those who manufacture what you produce do but change its form.
It is you who furnish to the state its first and greatest necessary the food of its inhabitants without your ministration the people would perish of hunger for it is impossible, as history teaches ns, that a population can be permanently fed by foreign supplies. That is natures law nations must draw their subsistence from the land they occupy. It is important therefore to uphold by every possible means the condition of the agricultural class, for on their prosperity depends the prosperity of the community and, the safety of the state. How true is this We have Italicised the latter lines, for they deserve especial distinction. That which was said by the Aristarchus of Rome can it not be said with unmitigated emphasis by all in our own times and country, who will take a fair and reasonable view of tbe present prospects and condition of agriculture and its classes Again, to pursue the Roman coversation As for any particular branch, said Gossipinus (tbe cloth merchant) All I can say is, I wish it was more flourishing.
But what with imports, and dues, and taxes, and contributions to the temples or the churches and tbe risk of bad debts, and the change in the value of money for we never can be sure what an aureus is really worth trade is no longer worth carrying on. And tbe worst of it is. that all trades are bad alike in these times every one loses and every one is complaining no one knows what he is worth or whether he is worth any thing no one knows whom to trust, and soon no man will trust another the ancient credit of a Roman merchant is gone and instead of a prosperous and united people we have become a nation of discontent and paupers. It is not you, said the Rustic, but we who have most cause to be discontented when we put our seed into the ground, first, we never know whether it will come up and second, we never know if it should come up, whether we shall be able to reap it for ourselves; and now things are worst of all for as we cant do any thing else we must go on ploughing and sowing, although we know all the time that we are ploughing and sowing at a loss, and that the more corn we raise the poorer we grow. And now am I not right when I say that we sow and others reap And have not the farmers a right to complain Quite right, indeed, friend Rusticus it can by no means be denied Not so much as the manufacturers, replied the cloth-merchant, the agriculturists have always been the privileged class, because the rich landlords who make the laws have always taken care of themselves.
And how would you expect the manufacturers to prosper, said Aristarchus, sharply, unless their best customers, the agriculturists, be in a good condition And how can yon expect that the agriculturists can be prosperous unless those who are the consumers of their produce be also in good plight The good condition of one class depends on the good condition of the other. Having taken so much of this discussion as seems to us to apply to these our days, we would now direct attention to chapters 9, 10, and 11, in which will be found a remarkably well-written and truthful survey of many of the more weighty laws passed by our legislators of later times such, for instance, as the property tax. We are vastly delighted, too, with the authors generous feelings towards, and his deep sympathy with, the sufferings of the poorer classes albeit the warm and high-souled, ay, elegant diction in which they are conveyed is presented to us as from the mouth of the elegant orator, Manlius Severus, in the Senate of Imperial Rome Again I implore you, concludes the Senator, to be wise in time now that there is a pause iu this devastating war, take advantage of the opportunity to conciliate the affections of the people, without whose support the empire must fall. Lend all your efforts to ameliorate the social condition of the poor let them feel that they are not supernumeraries and outcasts of society, hut that they are an integral portion of the community whose welfare is to be cared for in order that the property of the whole may be preserved. Show them, by your active solicitude for their welfare, that they possess the sympathy of the rich in their afflictions and then you may hope in the'time of peril, which will surely come again, that their country will not appeal in vain to their sympathy and assistance to repel our invaders.
Do this, and Rome may yet be saved At the close of the third volume, too, the parallel to which we have directed notice has been especially suggested, as the reader will see by the extracts below Unhappy Rome exclaimed Aristarchus, as he looked around from their elevation on the mocking monuments which seemed to have shrunk into smaller dimensions in the uncultivated condition of the city unhappy Rome this then is the end of your thousand years of domination! Your republic extinct your senate degraded your emperors effete your armies subdued your fleets rotting your colonies passed from you your agriculture destroyed your manufactures decayed; your soil invaded your inhabitants apathetic and now your glorious capital in the hands of the barbarians 1 Such is the fate of all empires, replied the priest, with whom Aristarchus was conversing, who neglect their duties and forfeit their high destinies. But her fall is a lesson to mankind. It is before them. In future ages men may ponder on the fate of Rome, and avoid the errors and the vices which caused her destruction. And what are the errors and vices, holy father, to which you attribute the downfall of the empire of Rome To her neglect of the education of the people, and to her irreligion.
I agree with you partly, father but to my mind the degraded condition of the people as evinced by their present apathy, under the subjection of the barbarians, and the ruin of the empire, are attributable to other and more direct causes. The downfall of Rome, in my opinion, is principally to be attributed to her selfishness that is, to the selfishness of those who possessed the ruling power and that mainly points to the selfishness of the rich, for in all countries and in all times wealth is power, who neglected the welfare of the great mass of the nation in their selfish endeavour to preserve their own exclusive enjoyments and domination. The great aim of the possession of wealth, for a series of years, has been to reduce the wages of labour, so that their accumulated wealth might produce more and more of the products of labour, whether of necessaries or luxuries. The effect has been, in the words of one of our writers, to make the rich richer, and the poor poorer and at last the poor have been made so very poor that they have ceased to take an interest in the welfare of the state, seeing that it was a welfare they did not share in so that in the end it came to pass that when their aid was required to repel the invader, the great mass of the people, having no interest in the soil, and the value of their only property, their labour, being so reduced that it could not be less, they were regardless of a change of domination which might make them better, and which could not make them worse and thus it is that Rome has fallen. Let us hope, concluded the priest, that the example of Rome will be a lesson and a warning to succeeding generations and that other nations, which in future ages may rise to the greatness of ancient Rome, will avoid the errors which have caused her fall.
Thus ends this interesting work. That the Great Disposer of all human events may avert the completion of this fearful parallel, by rousing from their apathy and supineness, their carelessness and indifference, the too numerous body of our rulers in whom these vices are too painfully apparent, is our humble, earnest prayer. We think Mr. Rowcroft has produced a work which, taking it all in all, may fairly be pronounced a boon to society. We cannot therefore do otherwise than recommend it for general and attentive perusal.
Newspaper Stamps. An estimate of the annual expense of collecting tbe stamp duty on newspapers at Somerset-ho use, Manchester, and Edinburgh, has been published and is a follows At Somerset-house 41 persons are employed, to whom 3,991 is paid for wages, the other expenses are rated at 489, making a total of 4,480 at Edinburgh six persons are employed, and receive 399 for wages, which, together with 32 15s. for additional expenses, make a total of 431 15s. at Manchester six personages are employed, whose wages amount to 620, the other expenses are set down at 637 7s. making a total of 1,257 7s.
3d. The total annual expenses for the collection of newspaper stamps amount Urns to 6,169 2s. 3d. for other expenses. Machinery is not employed in the stamping of newspapers, nor are any clerks exclusively employed to receive the money for tbe stamps.
Robert Houdin. For years M. Houdin, the celebrated conjuror, employed a man, named Legrand, to manufacture instruments required in his conjuring exhibitions. Recently this man left his service, to enter on business as a watchmaker. A short time ago a rival conjuror announced several of his tricks, for which Houdin8 instruments were necessary.
He suspected Legrand of having communicated his secrets, and had him arrested. In Legrands lodgings instruments made from Houdins models were found. A correspondence, proving that he bad received large sums of money from an Englishman named Liston for copies of Houdins instruments, was also discovered. Liston had, after spending a large fortune, resolved to take to conjuring. He had been on terms of friendship with M.
Houdin. Galignani. A blind English composer, named Mitchell, has produced an opera at Brunswick, which has met with great success. The name of the work is The Faithful Brothers, and it is principally remarkable for its simple melodies, its effective choruses, and its brilliant instrumentation. IMPORTANT PROTECTION MEETING AT DONCASTER.
On Satuiday afternoon the most numerous meeting ever held in Doncaster took place at the Guildhall, the large room of which was completely crowded. The meeting was convened by the secretary of the Doncaster Farmers Society, who issued a notice inviting the members and their friend to assemble the Guildhall on the day above mentioned, for the purpose of taking into consideration the seriously depressed state of agriculture. A requisition, very numerously signed by the tradesmen of Doncaster and the farmers of the neighbourhood, inviting Mr. W. B.
Ferrand to be present at the meeting, was forwarded to that gentleman, who with his characteristic zeal and promptitude at once complied with the request. The proceedings were appointed to commence at three oclock, at which hour Mr. Ferrand, accompanied by several gentlemen of the town and neighbourhood, eutered the hall, and was loudly cheered. On the motion of the Rev. S.
Cator, Mr. Short, of Martin, a tenant farmer, was called to the chair. Having briefly opened the proceedings, he called upon Mr. Sheardown ta move the first resolution, which was as follows That the system of Free Trade is injuring the trade of Doncaster, as it is deeply injuring the agricultural community, and if persevered in will involve them both in common rain. Mr.
T. F. Robinson, draper, seconded the resolution, which on being put by the chairaan was carried unanimously, with the exception of one hand. The Chairman then called upon Mr. Ferrand to move the next resolution.
Mr. Ferrand, on rising, was received with enthusiastic and repeated cheering. He said Mr. Chairman, farmers, and tradesmen of Doncaster, I have to thank you for the kind invitation you have sent me to appear before you to-day, and for the manner is which you appealed to me for the services I have rendered to the cause of native industry. Farmers, I hare been actuated by honest and conscientious convictions, and I should feel myself a traitor to the best interests of my country were I to stand aloof in the hour of danger.
I tell yon, and I tell the rulers of this country, and I tell the people of Great Britain and Ireland, that when I attended the meeting at Pontefract the other day, I unfurled a flag which shall not be lowered till protection to native industry is restored. (Loud cheers.) Yes, 1 have invoked, humble as my abilities may be, a spirit in our native land which shall rise higher and higher until it achieves a glorious victory. (Cheers.) What do I see to-day? TYis vast room crowded in every part by men not imbued with party feelings, but deeply impressed with the conviction that the existence of our com mon country is in danger and that unless the friends of every interest unite in one firm and united phalanx, we must rail into inevitable ruin. Y'es, mark me, we are going to proceed calmly, coolly, and resolutely. No ridicule shall thwart us no efforts of opposition shall impede us.
Onward we will go, and woe be to them tkat shall attempt to oppose us. (Cheers.) Why, it vas but yesterday that 1 received a letter from the fanners of Beverley, informing me that at a large meeting on Tuesday last it was agreed to postpone the proceedings until Saturday next, in order to enable them to assemble with such a demonstration as never before appeared in that district, and to take measures which shall not effervesce with the close of the meeting, but enable them to unite with the whole body of farmers to demand that Protection which they have a right to insist upon. Why, we live in strange time The people of Great Britain have been accustomed to look with respect, with honour, and with esteem on the descendants of that noble race of farmers who hive converted Great Britain from a desert land to a fruitful isle. Now it has become the fashion to abvse the landed interest, and men who ought to know better have subscribed their money for the purpose of sending foulmouthed libellers throughout the kingdom with Cobden at their head. (Hear.) The opponents of the farmers have designated them horseshoe idiots, noodles, and clodpoles.
It was but the other day that Sir Robert Peel said he had a deep sympathy with you (Hisses) but the Right Honourable Baronet said he hoped he should never live to see the day when Protection should be restored thus adding ireult to injury. The Morning Chronicle, which is written under his sanction, and gives utterance to the opinions of his mind, declared that the farmers who assembled at Pontefract to listen to my remarks were a brutalised conclave. There you had the cloven foot.and in the House of Commons the political sneak. (Cheers and laughter.) At that meeting I declared tlat for the last five and twenty years the Government of this country had been possessed by the cotton lords, and it was curious that on the same day the Times newspaper gave that speech to the world it also announced that Lord John Russell intended spending three days at Manchester, to make himself acquainted with the cotton district and its extensive manufactures We have no objection to Lord John Russells visiting Manchester, to be smothered with smoke, instead of enjoying the fresh and balmy breezes of Richmond Park but as a Minister of the entire country he shoiid remember that, when he goes to Manchester, he ought to speak as the Prime Minister, and not as a tool of the Lancashire cotton lords. (Hear, hear.) Let me tell yon that the whole of this visit was a got-up affair between the Manchester cotton lords and the Ministers of the day.
It was done to stifle the rising indignation of the agricultural interest, to cow them, to put them down, and keep them down but they little know our spirit. (Cheers.) When he arrived at Manchester the Chamber of Commerce addressed him privately he durst not appear in public. Ther said, We have learnt with great satisfaction that your lord-ship has arrived upon a short visit to this important seat of manufactures and commerce, and beg to offer to your lordship our warmest greetings. The changes which have been effected during the last few years in the fiscal policy of this country call especially for the approbation of this chamber. These changes have already placed the labouring classes of the district in the possession of comfort and enjoyment rarely experienced by them.
Now when they made that statement they knew that they were uttering a deliberate falsehood. This Chamber of Commerce has a newspaper, called tbe Manchester Guardian, which represents the political views and opinions of this body and the Free-traders of the town in which the paper circulates. Only a fornight before Lord John Russell arrived at Manchester, this newspaper contained a paragraph, stating, We are closing another dull week, so far as yarns are concerned. Many spinners refuse to accept the offers they receive, showing more and more of a determination to reduce their prodiction rather than go on in an indefinite course of riinous concession; as regards the lower and medium numbers for home consumption, the difficulty of selling continues much the same as last week. We are informed by an eminent spinner and manufacturer at Rochdale, that there are twenty-two mills of various extent within the limits of that borough which have entirely ceased working, besides a number of others which are restricted to short time.
Let me tell you that this running of short time has not occurred at Rochdale alone The statement I have quoted will apply to other places in Lancashire besides; but yet, in the face of these facts, the Manchester Chamber of Commerce had the audacity to make the declaration which they had done to Lord John Russell. And this very week the Manchester Guardian states that the manufacturers are in such a state of stagnation and depression that the whole of them will shortly be compelled to run short time unless they enter into some arrangement with each other. What can you think of men drawing up such false statements as those made by the Chamber of Commerce, and of the Prime Minister of England receiving them at their hands Lord John Russell, in reply to their address, said. I cordially thank the directors of the Chamber of Commerce and manufactures at Manchester for their address. I rejoice to learn that the labouring classes of this district are in the possession of comfort and enjoyment rarely experienced by them.
The removal of restrictions on the importation of many articles of necessity, but more especially the repeal of the heavy duties on com, have, I am persuaded, very materially contribute! to this gratifying result. Believing that the policy of which Mr. Huskisson laid the foundation, and of which Sir Robert reel has of late years raised the extensive superstructure, is highly beneficial to the country, I have given it my best support, and I have no fear that it will be overthrown. Now this is the declaration of Lord John Russell, the Prime Minister of England. I have no objection to that noble lord and Sir Robert Peels washing their innocent legislation in the muddy puddle of Mr.
Cobdens unadorned eloquence (Laughter) but, as an honest man, I do protest against their stamping it with the authority and approbatioa of Mr. Huskisson. He. was a great and eminent statesman, a sincere and true patriot, and, sooner than have truckled to a man like Cobden, he would have hired his breast and bid them do their worst. (Loud cheers.) Mr.
Huskisson in favour of a repeal of the Corn Laws! His prophetic eye foresaw the ruinous and fearful effects that would result from such a measure. Listen, farmers of Doncaster, to the opinio of the man whom Lord John Russell quotes as an authority on Free Trade. In April, 1826, in a debate on the Corn Laws, when Mr. Whitmore moved a resolution against them, Mr. Huskisson said, Sir, I say this advisedly I say that the present average price of wheat (wheat was then 58s.
8d. per quarter) is one whh coula not, in my opinion, be lowered, without producing more of suffering than of relief to all classes of the community. If the house could suddenly and materially reduce the price of all the necessaries of life, so far from relieving, it would aggravate the general distress, and postpone the hope of its termination. In 1827, when Mr. Huskisson represented the great city of Liverpool, he addressed a letter to a constituent, which letter was afterwards published to the world, in which he said, There is no effectual security, either in peace or war, against the frequent return of scarcity, and approaching starvation, but in maintaining ourselves habitually independent of foreign supply.
The habitually importing country, which even in a good season depends upon the aid of foreign corn, deprived of that aid in a year of scarcity, is driven to distress bardering upon famine. Now then, tradesmen of Doncaster, listen to this: The home consumption and brisk demand for all the various articles of a retail trader, which has so much contributed to the prosperity of our rapidly decline, and farming servants and all the trades which depend upon agriculture for employment would be thrown out of work. Now, then, I ask yon, as honest men, was Lord John Russell justi-ned in quoting Mr. as an authority in fa-vour of a repeal of the Corn Laws (N, no.) It was a dishonest trick on his part or, to use. Mr.
Cobdens classic language, it was a Manchester dodge. (Cheers and laughter.) Now, as I was passing through Leeds to-day, I met a gentleman connected with the press, the proprietor and editor of the Leeds Intelligencer, to whom I remarked that I thought Lord John Russell was adding deliberate insult to the sufferings of the farmers by telling them that their difficulties would be transient. Oh, no, nothing of the kind, said he, you never were more mistaken in your life the evil will be quite transient, for it will be all over with them very soon. (Hear, hear.) There is no doubt it will be over with them very soon but let me tell you, farmers, the language which Lord John Russell has been using at Manchester is the language of a Minister with a cotton soul. (Laughter.) He has gone down there to bind himself over hand and foot to the Lancashire cotton lords, and to tell them in so many wordi that he who reads may understand it.
that agriculture must be ruined, and that they must rely upon them only for the prosperity of the country. (Hear, hear, hear.) vV hat said Lord Palmerston at the dinner given by the Lord Mayor to the Ministers this week He said that henceforth we must be bound together by the links of gold and silver, and even of fragile cotton, which were stronger than all the obligations of treaties. What was the language of Lord John Russell, the Prime Minister of England as he ought to be, but only the Prime Minister of Lancashire? Listen, farmers, to what should have been his language if he had been an honest, upright, and just Minister, and had remembered the oath administered to him to legislate with justice and impartiality I am inclined to think, if foreign corn were admitted, even if you had scarcely any taxes to pay, it would not be easy for the farmers of England, who require to live in a certain degree of respectability and comfort, to compete with the lords of Poland and Russia, whose vassal peasantry are unacquainted with the wants of a civilised state. There is a party amongst us however, distinguished in what is called the science of political economy, who wish to substitute the corn of Poland and Russia for our own. Their principle is that you ought always to buy where you can buy the cheapest.
They repeat with emphasis that the nation pays a tax of twenty-five millions yearly to the growers of corn. They count as nothing the value to the country of a hardy race of farmers and labourers. They care not for the difference between an agricultural and manufacturing population in all that concerns morals, order, national strength, and national tranquillity. Wealth is the only object of their speculation nor do they much consider the two or three millions of people who may be reduced to beggary iu the course of their operations. This they call diverting capital into another channel.
Now, whose language do you believe that is? It is Lord John Russells. (Loud cries of Hear, hear.) Yes, the language of Lord John Russell, and which he ought to have used at Manchester. He ought to have said to them, How can as a faithful Minister of my Sovereign, consent to rain a great portion of England in order that yon may grow more inordinately rich thn you are For shame of yourselves you are sufficiently wealthy. Adopt the motto of the landed interest, 1 Live and let live. I will not stay another hour amongst you.
(Loud cheers.) Yes, formers, that is the language he ought to have used, and that is the language which we will make the Prime Minister of England use (Much cheering) and, mark my words, before this day two years. When the landed interest is united, it is irresistible. We are going to unite it. Can you believe that such a meeting as this would ever have been witnessed in the town of Doncaster, without some serious occasion for it a meeting which will create alarm in the minds of her Majestys Ministers, for we are too near to Hickieton not to be heard of by them. (Laughter.) Now the cotton lords have been attempting, for several years, to make the people of Great Britain and Ireland believe that they must be the grand prop on which the stability of our native land must rest.
I am going to bring under your notice a subject that will make them tremble when they read it in the public press, and will make England blush from one end of the land to the other, if one particle of shame be left in the breasts of the people. It was the last time I addressed my generous-hearted constituents at Knaresborough that I said the people of this country were rapidly becoming a nation of humbugs. Some said that language was rather hard. I will go further to-day, and say we are become a nation of hypocrites. That is a harder word.
Listen to me and I will justify it. (Hear, hear.) About fifty years ago, WTilberforce, Clarkson, Granville Sharp, and several other philanthropists, appeared to advocate the emancipation of negro slaves. Their language was soul-stirring and heart-thrilling, and they created a generous response in the minds of Englishmen in favour of their objects. They formed a party which rapidly attracted the attention of the world at large, and made his Majestys Government of that day take into consideration the state of the negro slaves. In 1807 the Whig Government made the slave trade illegal by British subjects.
In 1811 Lord Brougham succeeded in making the slave trade felony, with 14 years transportation. In 1824 the offence was made capital, and remained so until 1837, when the punishment was mitigated to transportation for life. When Mr. Brougham was elected to Parliament by the county of York, he declared on the hustings that Yorkshire had wooed him and he was wed to Yorkshire, and that no honours which his Majestys Government could heap upon him should induce him to accept office. No sooner had he arrived in London than the Whig Government got round him, and implored him to be Lord Chancellor, and, Sighing he would neer consent, consented.
(Laughter.) But I must do Lord Brougham the justice to say he did not forget tbe manner in which he had pledged himself to advocate the cause of slavery. In 1833 twenty millions were granted by Parliament to obtain the emancipation of slaves. In 1838 Lord Brougham, then in the House of Lords, presented a petition from the inhabitants of Leeds, signed by 17,000 or 18,000 inhabitants, against the seven years apprenticeship clause they could not bear to wait until 1840, the period fixed for the actual liberation of the negroes, but insisted that in 1838 they should be free. It may be wearisome to you to listen to these details, but I have told you I mean to proceed coolly, calmly, and resolutely in this agitation. I will just read to you a short extract from a speech of Lord Broughams, delivered in 1838: But what would have been said by the English people in what accents would they have appealed to this house, if, instead of finding that the goal we aimed at was not reached that the chains we had hoped to see loosened still galled the limbs that the burden we bad desired to lighten still pressed the slave to the earth it had been found that the curse and the crime of hnman bondage had extended to regions which it never before had blighted that the fetters galled the victims limbs more cruelly than ever what, 1 ask, would have been the language of your petitioners What the cry of rage echoing from every corner of its extent to charge us with mingled hypocrisy and cruelty, should we allow an hour to pass without rooting out the monstrous evil Now that was the language of Lord Brougham in presenting the petition from Leeds, in 1838 and let me ask this vast assemblage, are not the Lancashire cotton lords spinning millions of bales of cotton, cultivated under the foulest and most infamous system of slavery that ever existed on the face of the civilized earth (Loud cheers.) Yes, they are lacerated, tortured, flogged to death and murdered by wholesale, that cotton may be raised for the aggrandisementoftheLancasb ire cotton lords.
(Cheers.) But, farmers of England, it is well they have roused you to exertion, it is well that we have been compelled to look into their proceedings. We might have viewed at a distance the whitened sepulchres with tall chimneys, but never inquired into the system of slavery practised there, nor into the number of children annually immolated at the altar of their cotton god. (Cheers.) But here, to-day, I bring them to the ordeal of public trial and I shall be much surprised if such a sensation is not aroused throughout the length and breadth of this country as will cause them to hide their heads in ignominy and disgrace. (Cheers.) This I know after to-day Cobden will never call you horseshoe idiots. This is but the second meeting of the farmers wool -league movement.
Yes, men, women, and children of England, it is but too true that every cotton shirt and shift you wear is dyed with the blood and steeped with the tears of the negro slave. (Hear, hear.) Ah. I hold in my hand a newspaper it is not Eddowess Shrewsbury Journal, containing the sales of the farming stock of seventy farmers, driven from their native land but it is something more infamous and still more disgraceful. It is a Charlestown newspaper, containing advertisements of the sale by auction of 569 human beings, to be used in cultivating cotton for the Lancashire cotton lords. (A voice Shame, shame.) Oh, yon shall hear one or two of these advertisements thev are horrible they make ones blood turn cold.
Mr. Ferrand here read several of the advertisements alluded to. They announced for sale: Three likely families, prime gang of 92 negroes, accustomed to the cultivation of cotton terms, cash Billy, 30 years of age, a very prime, stout, able negro; likely wench, prime girl, Rewards are here offered for the recovery of negroes who have fled to the woods to live amongst wild beasts rather than remain with such monsters in human shape as their owners. Listen to me. and I will read you how they treat their slaves.
Mr. Ferrand then read a long catalogue of almost incredible cruelties, as detailed in the authenticated report of the British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society. Now, then, that is the kind of treatment the wretched negro slaves undergo, who are employed almost entirely in raising cotton for the use of the cotton-spinners of Lancashire, who gave Cobden 78,000 for abusing us. I say, formers, the tables are turned. We are prepared to meet them to-morrow.
Will they dare to meet us and attempt to justify what I have just read This is but the second meeting of this glorious agitation, in which we have drawn the mask from their hideous faces. Now, listen to one or two more details. Mr. Ferrand here read accounts of cruelties inflicted on negroes, and then continued. In the name of the God of the rich and the poor, were there ever such monstrous cruelties inflicted on human beings inflicted, it is true, in America, but what for To grow cotton.
For whom For the Lancashire cotton lords, to weave into garments for the men, women, and children of England to wear. (Hear, hear.) The day will soon come when cotton will be extinct. But let me repeat one thing we are a nation of hypocrites. When anti-slavery meetings were taking place and the people of this country were paying twenty millions for the abolition of slavery, there were certain Quakers who pulled long faces and shed crocodile tears over the West Indian slaves but at this very moment there are Quakers in Lancashire who are spinning this blood-stained cotton, and making money out of the blood, bones, and sinews of the negroes. I here brand them as hypocrites.
Who will justify them (Hear, hear, hear.) I say that any man who buys cotton from those slave-owners is a participator in their crimes. He is an accomplice after the fact, and in England the law would hang him, the same as a murderer himself. Why, the Quaker who ordered his lad to close the shutters, sand the sugar, water the tobacco, and come to prayers, was a saint to these cotton, spinniug Quakers. (Much laughter.) What said Lord John Russell at Manchester (A voice Question, question.) Sir, I have come here to discuss the question and you shall have enough of it before I have done. (Laughter.) es, The flesh will quiver when the pincers tear.
(Hear, hear.) I have seared them with a red hot iron, and, depend upon it, it is not the last dose they shall have. (Cheers.) Lord John Russell said at Manchester, the prosperity of England materially depended upon the cotton trade. Heaven forbid. I will not believe that the people of England will any longer submit to be the easy tools of the Lancashire cotton lords, or encourage the bloodstained existence of these men. The day is coming when England will rise up as one man, and say, Thank God, these hands are clean.
What do I advise you to do To form a Farmers Wool League throughout the length and breadth of the land. Yes, we will go onward go to obliterate this charge of hypocrisy, to save ourselves from this horrible shame, and to sweep away every vestige of slavery in whatever garb it may lurk or whatever disguise it may assume. Slavery lurks under Free Trade, and the garb it assumes is hypocrisy. Yes, the farmers wool league is a lever which shall overturn the enemies of the institutions of the country. In the farmers brawny arm we will hoist the banner of the Farmers Wool League, and woe be to them that shall attempt to impede our progress.
(Cheers.) Our opponents are checkmated. What did they say when my speech at Pontefract appeared in the public papers? They said, The affair assumes a serious aspect and so it does. The Farmers Wool League is already a great fact. As sure as I address you this day, the Lancashire cotton lords will be glad to spin wool. Another party ridiculed the proposition, and said I was no statesman.
As to that the public must decide (Hear) but at present I go forward with a shepherds sling and pebble stone to slay the bloodstained Goliath of Lancashire. (Cheers.) And you will encourage the faithful shepherd rather than the slave driver; the shepherds watch-dog rather than the wolf; the bleatings of the sheep rather than the shrieks of the slave the golden fleece rather than the bloodstained cotton and, whilst the shrieks of the lacerated slaves of America are ascending to Heaven and crying for vengeance upon their oppressors, the sheep on a thousand hills in this our sea-girt isle shall prove the blessings of our God and the infiniteness of his mercy. (Cheers.) Now I have taken a high, a moral, and an ennobling position on this question. Is there any one here to answer me If there be any Free-traders present I will condescend to degrade myself for a few minutes to the level of the Manchester school (Much cheering) to argue upon it on the grovelling principle of all for ourselves in this world. Laughter.) First of we are told that tbe Farmers Wool League will certainly ruin the cotton trade (A Voice, I hope it will) and if it does, what is it but Free Trade Is it not competition They tell us that competition is good for formers, why should it not be good for cotton manufacturers They say it is beneficial, therefore they shall have a dose of it.
Ay, but they say it is only competition iu corn we want we dont mean competition in cotton. You will ruin us, and the Government will have to interfere. They tell the farmers they are in a state of transition, and we tell them we are in a state of transition from cotton to wool. But they say you are creating a war of classes. What is Free Trade but a war of all classes And, because I have taken a lesson from their book, I have been charged by the Morning Chronicle with committing an act of atrocity.
The Times said I was going to ruin Manchester; but they see that the same principle that ruins the farmers will ruin the cotton-spinners. (Hear, hear.) You have done your best to min us, but you cant do it but we will ruin you. Yes, farmers, as sure as I stand here, the days of the cotton lords are drawing to a close. I wish to show no deadly hatred to the Manchester cotton-spinners themselves (Hear, hear) we are brethren of one country but we have been provoked into this course. We never thought the Prime Minister of England would amalgamate with the cotton spinners and it was only when we were betrayed and deserted by that political sneak, Sir Robert Peel, that we felt the necessity of combining amongst ourselves, as one body, peacefully, legally, and consitutionally, to address our Sovereign and the Parliament on the subject of our grievances.
But Cobden, iu his blustering, bullying, and vulgar speech at Leeds, declared that, if we dared to exercise the privilege of Englishmen, he would make us compound for our existence. If we take an arrow from your own quiver, you find fault with us. I will now advert to a subject nearer home the Chancellor of the Exchequer. Well, he is a good sort of a country gentleman a first-rate magistrate, a capital shot, and flies across the country like a pigeon when riding after the Badsworth hounds. (Laughter.) But the instant he became a Free-trader his heart was hardened, and he became a second Pharoah.
Pharoah told his bondsmen to make bricks without straw, but the Chancellor of the Exchequer tells you to make bricks without money. (Cheers and laughter.) Sir Charles Wood made a bamboozling speech in the House of Commons the other night. He confessed that the price of grain was lower than he expected but he said, the only remedy that he could see was, that prices would be higher. (Laughter.) Now, when doctors differ, who shall decide Sir Robert Peel, on the ground that prices were likely to rule low, said, I will return my tenants twenty-five per cent, on the full rents to improve my land the Chancellor of the Exchequer and Sir Robert Peel thus giving each other the flattest contradiction. The foct stated by the Chancellor of the Exchequer, that tfcon.W been large importations of corn from co on trie iwtjanerally exporting countries, shows that the mariniAfwthis country moat be so inundated with com that the promts of grow ing it here must fall tremendously.
The Chancellor of the Excheqner said be did not deny that in the struggle many might foil of success but I say no Minister has a right to introduce quack measures into this country by which large numbers may foil of success. He is bound to protect the various interests of this country. Lord John Russell, who is an historian as well as a statesman, must know that in every civilised country the loyalty of tbe people can only be purchased bv protection (Hear) and that it the duty of the governors to protect the governed? 1 would say more on this tremendous question. I am prepared to do so at the proper time but, mark me, the day is coming when we will show those who have attempted to destroy us that we are too strong for them. (Loud cheers.) Ministers dare not shew the spirit which their forefathers did in the days of Pitt, Fox, and Sheridan and that vulgar, blustering Cobden would not have been allowed to sit at the same table with the Prince Consort.
(Hear, hear.) We will endeavour to restore a little of the old English blood. (Cheers.) Mr. Ferrand then proceeded, in conclusion, to express his thanks to the tradesmen of Doncaster for the great compliment they had paid him in signing in such large numbers the requisition inviting him to attend here this day. He stated, as a significant fact, that, in his magisterial capacity a case had been brought before him the other day, in which it was sought to inflict a penalty on an English cloth merchant, whose goods having been superseded in his own town by those of a Belgian manufacturer, be had sought to dispose of them by carrying them about the country. This was the effect of Free Trade- Mr.
Ferrand, in urging them to join the Farmers Wool League, pointed out the great advantages which woollen fabrics possessed over those of cotton, and finished his address as follows Now, formers, in saying good day to you, let me warn you particularly to be upon your guard. Watch, I say I say, mind you watch. Have you any landed gentry among you whom you can trust If they are standing aloof, to their shame, let them do so you have strength enough amongst yourselves. Do not despair. The power of the formers of England is mighty enough to confront any other interest on the face of the globe.
Y'ou may be staggered but, when you are collected and united, thtre is something in your breasts which cheers you on. You have honest hearts, a giants strength, and a good cause, though you have been deserted and betrayed. Your blood boils with indignation if there is a coward amongst you. Our opponents are far different. As 1 have said before, I have torn the mask from their faces.
Dont let the cotton interest, stained with the blood of millions of lacerated slaves, be the predominant interest of England. Do you think that God will punish the growers of cotton and not those who spin and wear it Yes, the judgment of Heaven will follow the oppressors of the slaves from America to Lancashire, if you dare to wear the blood-stained cotton. Oh, I know you too well. Your honest hearts must have bled at the recital of the sufferings of the negroes. Unite then amongst yourselves unite with the landed interest and other classes and here I say, before this day two years, you will be enabled to proclaim to the Lancashire cotton lords, Cotton, light as the air you breathe, has made you wool, lasting as the Grampian Hills, shall destroy you! (Mr.
Ferrand resumed his seat amidst much cheering.) Mr. T. S. Newsome, of Barnby Dunn, seconded the resolution, which was as follows That, in the opinion of this meeting, these unparalleled evils can only be remedied by the legislative protection of native industry. Mr.
Frederick Cayi.ey Worsley, who attended as a deputation from the National Protection Association, supported the resolution, which, on being put from the chair, was carried unanimously. A vote of thanks to the chairman concluded the proceedings at about five oclock. Foreign anU Colonial. FRANCE. NEARLY THREE HUNDRED LIVES LOST.
Falling of the Suspension Bridge at Angers. The following details of this sad accident are given in the Journal de Maine et Loire of the 16th instant: At 11 oclock this morning a squadron of Hussars, coming from Nantes, had crossed over the suspension bridge of the Basse Maine, without any accident, although the wind blew very heavily from the west and the river wa3 much agitated. The last of the horses had scarcely crossed the bridge when the head of the column of the 3d battalion of the 11th Light Infantry appeared on the other side. Reiterated warnings were given to the troops to break into sections, as is usually done, but the rain falling heavily at the time the warning was disregarded, and the battalion advanced in close column. The head of the battalion had reached the opposite side the pioneers, the drummers, and a part of the band were off the bridge, when a horrible crash was heard the cast iron columns of the right bank suddenly gave way, crushing beneath them the rear of the 4th company, which, with the flank company, had not entered on the bridge.
To describe the frightful spectacle and the cries of despair which were raised is impossible. The whole town rushed to the spot to give assistance. In spite of the storm which was raging, all the boats that could be got at were launched to pick up the soldiers in the river, and a great number who were clinging to the parapets of the bridge, or who were kept afloat by their knapsacks, were immediately got out. The greater number of them were however found to be wounded by the bayonets or by tbe fragments of tbe bridge falling on them. Every one on the spot vied with each other in rendering assistance, and as the soldiers were got out they were led into the houses adjoining, and every assistance given.
Those who were too much injured to walk were placed on litters. All the authorities of the town, the troops in the garrison, and the officers and soldiers who had escaped injury, had only one idea that of rendering all the assistance in their power. A young lieutenant of the 11th (M. Loup) rendered himself conspicuous for bis heroic exertions, and a young workwoman, at the imminent danger of her life, jumped into the water, and saved the life of an officer who was just sinking. A journeyman hatter named Turgis, who had acquired some notoriety in the late political trials, stripped and jumped into the river, and by his strength ar.d skill in swimming saved a great many lives.
One of the soldiers, who had reached the shore unhurt, immediately stripped and swam to the assistance of his comrades. The Precurseur of Angers says The suspension bridge was built 12 years ago, but a year since underwent repairs which cost the town about The suspending chains at first gave way on one side only, when the soldiers on the bridge, feeling the movement of the floor of the bridge, naturally rushed to the other side, when the chains there also gave way, and the whole floor of the bridge fell. From one bank to the other the river was completely blocked up with the soldiers struggling to reach the shore. If the weather had been calm, the greater number of them would in all probability have been saved. The wind however blew a perfect hurricane, and the waves were very rough.
Masses of men might be seen clinging to each other, the waves every moment washing away some of them until only one remained. Beams of wood, planks, and every article that could be laid hold of, were launched to enable the men to keep themselves afloat until further assistance could arrive. Of the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd companies there only remain 14, 16, and 19 men respectively. The number deficient amounts to 219, to which must be added 33 dead, and 30 wounded in the hospital, making the total loss to the battalion 282. There is reason however to hope that there may be yet some in private houses who may not be included in the number of those whose fate has been known.
The Lieutenant-Colonel slipped ofl his horse as he was falling, and escaped with a wound in the face. The number of bodies picked up amounts to 123. The names of the officers killed or drowned, as yet ascertained, are Captain Dore, Lieutenant Cottez, Sub-Lieutenant Porte-drapeau Carette, and Snb-Lieuteuants Forgues and Lebrick. It appears that some people belonging to the town were walking on the bridge at the time of the accident, for among the bodies found are those of a servant and two children. The bodies of two of the employe's of the octroi have also been found.
A subscription has been opened in the arrondissement by the National Guard for the benefit of tbe widows and orphans of the soldiers who have perished. The 11th regiment was on its way to Africa, not for punishment, but in its regular routine of duty. The Democrat, a journal of Angers, is prosecuted for stating that the breaking down of the bridge was not accident. The Journal de Maine-et-Loire of the 18th contains the following, under date of 5 oclock in the evening: We have just been present at the interment of 180 of the victims of the frightful catastrophe of the 16th. Never have we witnessed such a heartrending scene never have we experienced such poignant grief as in seeing the 23 waggons laden with the dead bodies which were being slowly conveyed to their last home.
Each of them was accompanied by tbe officers and soldiers who had escaped. Who is there that could have been unmoved at the sight of those unfortunate men, the great majority of them wounded, some of them scarcely able to walk, and all deeply affected, and striving, but in vain, to restrain their tears at the fate of their unfortunate comrades Almost all the shops are closed the deepest gloom prevails in our town. A I N. The Consejo Real (Royal Council) has decided that if the Queen gives birth to a female child it shall receive the usual oath of allegiance as heir apparent to the throne, under the title of Princess of Asturias. The dignity of Prince of Asturias was instituted iu 1388, by Juan King of Castile, at Palencia, in favour of his son, Don Enrique, then about to espouse the Princess Constance, John of Gaunts daughter, who requested the Spanish monarch to create that title in imitation of our Prince of Wales.
ITALY. The return of Pius IX. to the Papal States, and the re-establishment of his authority in the ancient forms of his temporal and spiritual power, are events chiefly remarkable for the absence of those conditions which ought to attend a political triumph and a joyful restoration. The Catholic Powers, to whose intervention this result is attributable, have achieved an imperfect and precarious work. France more especially, which took the lead in the Roman expedition, and sought to appropriate to herself the merit and the success of the Papal restoration, has earned nothing but a larger share of odium, expense, and disappointment.
The siege of Rome was an enterprise which could reflect no credit on her arms, and she has entirely foiled to obtain from the wily but unbending priests who formed the Cabinet of Portici any of those concessions or reforms which the President himself had laid down in his letter to Colonel Ney as the basis of French interference. Thus far it is the Papal Camarilla which can alone be said to have succeeded for though tbe French army has now for nearly a twelvemonth occupied the Papal dominions, and discharged the duties of the police iu Rome, the Pope returns unfettered by any engagements to his subjects or to his allies, and certainly by no means disposed to repeat the experiments which ended so fatally in the first years of his reign. But although this shortsighted policy may pass for success in the Pontifical councils, and the Monsignori have outwitted the French Generals, yet their triumph will probably be of short duration. No progress whatever has been made in conciliating the people or satisfying their just and natural demands. Even the reform of the administration of justice is neither begun nor promised.
The acts of the Commission of Cardinals charged with the government of Rome have been odious and impolitic, and the French Army has latterly stood in a position not unlike that we have sometimes occupied in relation to the native Courts of India bound to supply military force to a bad Government, and to defend what we could not control. No doubt Louis Napoleon and his Ministry are desirous of withdrawing the forces of the Republic from so false a position, but the report recently presented to the Assembly on the subject contemplates the maintenance of a French army of about 15,000 men in Italy for some indefinite period until the Pope is not only restored, but secured upon his throne. But the difficulties ot the Papal Government have not been diminished by the late convulsion and the foreign assistance which has terminated it. The clerical Government of Rome has more than ever demonstrated its singular incapacity of reform the finances of the State, though replenished by a temporary loan, are exceedingly encumbered the disposition to admit laymen to the secular offices of the Administration is more than ever doubtful the people are radically estranged from the Government under which they are doomed to live, and no effort seems to be contemplated to mitigate the effect of a restoration accomplished exclusively by foreign bayonets. Meanwhile the spirit of the revolution, though repressed, has not been quenched.
Rome is still the object of the menaces and the rhapsodies which unhappily form the staple of Italian patriotism, and that city, like the States and the nation in which it occupies the foremost rank, seems destined to shake off the despotism of the dark ages only to fall into the wildest excesses of a blasphemous democracy, or to be rescued from the spoliation and tyranny of a crew of madmen only to he yoked and degraded by a junta of priests. Times. Leaving the labourer, supposing this statement correct, 9d. a week less of disposable surplus. The account we have quoted, we doubt not, is perfectly genuine, and probably true but we imagine the labourer in question most have had easy access to a tow n- He would scarcely, we think, as far as we have been able to learn, have obtained the articles in question at so reduced a scale in out-of-the-way districts, where the village tommy-shop was his only resource.
In many parts of the country the formers have been compelled to enter into combinations to enforce reductions in the rate of remuneration payable to ail employed in operations necessary for the cultivation of the soil, and in many instances they have resorted to the often-condemned system of payment in kind. It is a fatal error in legislation to suppose that mere reduction in the cost of living is of itself sufficient to better the position of the working man. No-where is existence obtainable at so low a race as in Irelaad no-where is there so miserable and unenergetic a population. If Parliament is really anxious for the advancement of their social condition, let our legislators direct their attention to the removal of those obstacles which militate against the improvement of the dwellings of the poor, which restrict the former from offering the highest rate of remuneration for the highest amount of skill and knowledge, by imposing upon him the necessity of maintaining all the able-bodied labourers in his parish, either by furnishing the means of a useless existence in the workhouse, or factitious employment, at a low rate of pay, out of it. While writing this article we have been informed that a petition has been presented to the House of Commons, numerously and respectably signed, from Lincolnshire, representing that even in that rich and fertile district numbers of tbe population have been thrown out of employment, and are suffering from severe distress.
Of a truth we do not gather grapes from the tree of Free Trade. Morning Post. Horticultural Operations for the Week. During the last eight or ten days, a large amonnt of rain has fallen, and has for the time considerably impeded the progress of the out-of-door work, especially on heavy retentive soils, which require the lapse of some considerable time after heavy foils of rain to restore them to a proper working condition. It is for better on such soils to delay operations for a time than attempt to work them in a wet state.
In the meantime, we need hardly say that the recent rains have been in the highest degree seasonable and beneficial after the very lengthened period of dry weather which preceded them. We now only want warm genial summer weather to insure, by the blessing of the Most High, an abundance of every green thing. We do not remember a season when the general prospects were more cheering, so for as a most abundant supply is concerned. The early crops of potatoes, which are showing themselves above ground, look healthy and strong, but there ia no great dependence to be placed in the appearance of this crop at so early a stage. The Greenhouse.
The unpropitious state of the weather for out-of-door operations will of course have enabled the gardener to devote more time to this department than might otherwise have been the case at this busy period of the year. It is therefore presumed that the potting of the various hard-wooded plants has been completed, and that nothing further remains than the occasional shifting of the soft-wooded planta into larger pots, as they require it. All attention may therefore be devoted to staking and tying. After being potted, every plant should have a fresh stake, and be tied up afresh. Take care that the stakes are not inserted too near the stem of the plant, and be careful also that they are thrust down to the bottom of the pot The Flower- Garden.
Plant out annuals and the more hardy of the perrenial plants. Harden off the stock of young verbenas, petunias, fuchsias, geraniums, for planting out next month the lights may be left off day and night during fine weather. The Vinery. Continue the treatment recommended in our last paper. The Kitchen-garden.
Pink out celery into nursery beds of rich light mould. Make further sowings of dwarf French and scarlet runners. REVIEW OF THE CORN TRADE. From the Mark Lane Express We have to record another week of extreme depression the grain trade, and a further foil in prices quotations are now reduced to so low a point that many are disposed to believe that the downward movement cannot continue much longer, and those formers who are in a position to hold appear to have determined to wait for the chance of something turnimr up their favour. The deliveries from the growers have consequently not increased much, but the arrivals from abroad have been on a sufficiently liberal scale to counteract the effect which might otherwise, perhaps have been produced by the smallness of the home suu-plies.
As regards the probable future range of prices we can only repeat what we have stated on several previous occasions, that the whole matter must depend on the weather. Should the summer prove favourable, and the prospects for next harvest be promising, the value of grain would most likely be lower in June or July than at present for, whatever fnCrSaid t0 we feel perfectly satisfied that foreign supplies will continue to come forward however discouraging the tone of the trade may be i Thf mtnenf arrivals of last week have been followed by another large supply, and by the most recent advices from the contment we learn that shipments were still being made, notwithstanding the discre- mTrkete Wee ui most of the fofeign considerable quantity of rain has again fallen since our last, but we do not hear of any complaints of an excess of moisture indeed, the reports from all quarters speak very favourably of the appearance ot the country. The young wheat plant has improved materially since the beginning of the present month, and spring-sown corn has come up very regularly: The meadow lands, which were bare in March, owing to the extreme cold then experienced, now wear a promising aspect, and there a prospect of a good an7hi8tadinKuhe 7ery dul1 counts from Mark Lane of Monday there was a more numerous attend -ance at Liveiqjool on Tuesday than on that day week nat a declme 2d- Per 701bs- a fair extent of busi-ness was done. There was no improvement in the demand for Flour, though the article was offered Is. per sack cheaper Later in the week the disposition to buy subsided, and the transactions were on a very restricted scale on Friday.
i reports from Leeds of Tuesday's date state that less influence had been produced there by the flat d- LaDei tbian might have t11 expected, CaCely lower cha Yorkshire mar-d 6arly part of the week than at onN trfth PaSt Week' At ul the fal1 amounted at tnbK l3 Pr red being held at J4s. to 35s. per qr. on Tuesday. fn.h?repr? fr0m Birmnguim, Bristol, and other towns that quarter are however of a very despond mg character, aud, with small supplies of home beat, prices had receded fully Is.
to 2s. per or At the shipping ports on the east coast sellers an pear to have made a stand, preferring to hold rather than submit to any further reduction, and this may said to have been the case pretty zenerallv 7 tke agricultural districts, where the of the large foreign imports have not been felt as at the large consummg towns 90 dlfeCtJy The tone of the advices from Scotland same as last week the continued foil ithe wuto some increase in the supplies from soutb Wheat to recede Is. per qr at Edfr caQ3ed boll at Glasgow, on ednesdaf At theV4 a fair extent of business waa done at the at the latter the demand had not improved0' bUt In Ireland the farmers had. we ward supplies of grain very fr Wheat and Oats appear to have tended all the principal markets. Indian cTn standing fair arrivals been held firmlv it fora A correspondent in the Daily News, signing himself a Midland Farmer, says of Earl Fitzbardinge better known as Colonel Berkeley before he was pitch-forked by the Reformers into the Honae of Peers His lordship always insists on keeping the parish clock two hours faster than the real time, but nobody knows his lordship's reason for so doing.
Query Is it because he has through life been a fast Bmithmbld, Friday, April 19. Our market -day was very scantily supplied with beasts, the tune of year considered, both a to number and quality. As the attendance of buyer was small the beef trade ruled inactive, at prices barely equal to those realised on Monday, and a clearance was with liffl-culty effected. With sheep we were scantily supplied Ail breeds moved off steady, and late rates were well mpported. The primest old Downs, in the wool, sold at from 4.
id. to 4s. 4d. per 8lb. Lambs, the number of which waa but moderate, sold slowly, on somewhat easier terms.
From the Isle of Wight 200 head reached us. Tbe veal trade ruled heavy 11 our quotations. In pigs next to nothing doing. Milch rows sold at from A 1 4 to A 1 3 each, including their small calf. SEEDS.
London, Monday, April 12. In linseed md rapeseed no change occurred, there has not been much lone in eloverseed, a few parcels taken occasionally to finun iff patches yet unsown, and in this way good seed supports prices. 1 Turnip, white, new, per bush. lllllt Red and Green 10 0 11 0 Mustard, Brown 10 0 12 1 White 9 0 10 0 Tares, New Spring 5 0 58 Old ditto 4 0 5 0 Canary, per qr. 08 0 74 0 Cinque Foin 32 0 34 0 Rye Grass 24 0 32 0 Ditto Italian 30 0 Jfi 0 Rape Cakea.
A3 15s A 0s Rapeseed, last A VI 0s A. A Os Clover, Red, Eng. cwt. White Foreign Red White Trefoil Carraway Coriander Hempsced, per qr. Linseed Sowing Lina.
Eng. looOgTSDs A3 10a Cakea Foreign Ai 10s Ah ID jf HOPS. London, Monday, April 22. The price bops to-day were as follow Factors pnees, that ia, ready money.) Sew Pockets per cwt. New Bags cwt.
A. Kent 8 0 Sussex 9 0 Yearlings 3 1 Old hops 9 A. 9 East Mid Kent 9 Weald of Kent 8 Sussex 5 1 A. s. 9 11 12 15 7 14 5 12 8 4 HAY.
London, Saturday. April 21. At Smithfieid: Fine upland meadow and rye grass hay, 7 is. 73. mfenor.
ss. 58. Superior clover, 88. 90s. inferior, 80.
0. Straw, 21. per load of 38 trusses. Regents Park Fine upland meadow and rye graas hay, 73. 75s.
inferior. 50. 80s. 8' S8 1 mrenor- I- 70s, Straw, 22s. 19.
per load ot 3o trusses. New Hungerford: Fine upland meadow snd rye grass hay, 71. inferior, 48. 58s. Superior clover, 88s.
90s. inferior. So. 70. Straw, 21 s.
28. per load of ifi trusses. Portman Old meadow hay, 85s. 7Ss. useful, 50a.
80s. Old clover, 75a. 84s. 80s. 70s.
Wheat tra. 20a. 30s. per load of 36 trusses. Whitechapel Meadow hay, 50s.
70s. Clover, 80s. 90s. per load. Straw, 4.
ios. per load ot So trusses. There waa a slightly increased supply at du market to-day, but no corresponding improvement in the demand. TALLOW. London, Monday, April 12.
A steady business bas been transacted in our market unce Monday last, snd pnees are fairly supported. To-day, Y.C. on tbe spot, selling at 37. and for delivery, during the last three month, 38s. 3d.
to 18s. 8d. per cwt. Town tallow, 35. fid.
to 36s. per cwt. net cash rough fat, 2s. per 81b. Letters from fit.
Peters-burg give the price laid down here a high a 39s. fid. cwt. Tbe following is the market letter of Friday last Town Tallow, per cwt Fat by ditto, per 8tt. Russia Yell.
Cand. cwt. Melted Stuff. Rough PROVISIONS. London were as under Iaisa Burnt.
$. Carlow, per cwt. 0 a Clonmel 0 0 Cork 70 Limerick 6g fig Waterford 0 0 Dublin 3 English Dorset 56 Fobbign Friesland, per cwt. 62 Holland 54 Holstein 73 HIDES. London, Monday, April 28.
prices ner to-day are as follow i Grave 9 Good Dregs fi 3 Mould Candles, per do. 9 4 Store 1) 3 3 Monday, April 22. Price Cnntnn. Cheshire Derby Double Wiltshire Thin ditto Berkeley Bacon Waterford 43 Limerick. 41 Haim.
York fio Cumberland So Irish 58 American 30 lb. Market Hides, 56 S4lbs ll ja Ditto, 84 721b ij Ditto, 72 fiolbs 2 ja Ditto, 30 881b jx 2 Ditto. 88 961bs 3 3 SKINS. London, Monday, Apnl a. Selling pnees; Polled 5 fi 1 Half-bred 4 fi 5 fi Downs Market Hides, 96 1 04 lbs 3 Ditto, 104 1 121 ha 3 4 Calf Skius each) 0.
3d fi. 3 Horse Hides each! Ss.fi Leather 0 9 9 rentfb d7, Apnl Pnees d. Crop Hides 30 40lbs Ditto 40 solba Ditto, 50 fiolbs Bull Hides Vitriol Butts English Butts. Foreign Butts Foreign Hide Dressing Hides Ditto shaved Beat Saddler1 English Horse ditto German Horae Hides 11 Spanish Horae Hides is Calf skins, 30 10 Ditto 40 501 13 Ditto SO 801b. is Ditto, 70 loolbs 13 Large Seal 3km 9 Ditto small a Kips Basils Be dies Shoulder 10 fi 9 7 fi Hides 11 9 8 5 7 fi a imperial 1 A 1 9 9 9 5 37 19 OILS London, Monday, 4- measure are as follow Puces A A Linseed, per cwt 1 13 Olive.d.p.Flor-4 lg Gallipoli, 252 gal.48 0 Palm, d.p.
per cwt 1 Hape d.p, per cwt 2 Seal, d.p. per tun 37 Sperm, ditto 82 Soutn Sea Whale JO I 2 0 9 1 13 ORMN blUhcd he Pn ofWvi Office. -Vo. 14. Lon NottmgLary' tbe TWn RAMBLES IN NOTTINGHAMSHIRE.
Part 5. The consecration and opening of the Priory of Len-ton in 1108 was attended not only with the solemn and splendid services of religion, but also with much feasting and enjoyment of a worldly kind. On such an occasion, when the Christian -heart was glad to see the best fruits of this world given back to God, not as a buried talent, but with liberality proportioned to Christian belief, then also was the time to make the heart merry with the well-tuned cymbals in the dance. A general holiday was kept, and the whole parish had the appearance of feasting the better sort of houses, the mill, and the inn had open house, and all seemed enjoyment. In the field sports were to be seen the great and noble mingling and enjoying themselves equally with the poor.
But soon the solemnities at the church and the festivities at the refectory, and in the parish generally, passed away, and the new monastery began its regular work. The church was as usual the most important feature in the group of buildings, and right above the roofs arose the wood tower in massive grandeur. The buildings consisted of the church, which was of noble proportions, and very similar to the church of Saint Man- at South-well, the cloisters, the chapter room, the library, the refectory, dormitories, kitchens, and many other buildings requisite in so large an establishment. To the south-east angle of the church was the cemetery. The west facade of the church was not unlike that of the cathedral of Rochester, and was noted for the extreme richness of its three entrances.
Here was nave, transepts, quire, and numerous small chapels, as well as a large crypt under the quire. The nave arcades were very massive, and surmounted by both tnforium gallery and a clerestory, as at Peterborough. The church being Anglo-Norman in style, had small windows, but all were filled with storied glass, those of the quire peing the most beautiful, and containing subjects relating to the later acts of our Lords life and teaching. The quire terminated by an apse, as at Saint Peters, estminster, and the glass of the windows was the gift of Avenellus, an ancestor of the noble family of Manners, and contained the passion and crucifixion of our Lord. The roofs were vaulted in stone, and the whole church was covered with lead.
In the rosa or lantern tower hung a set of 12 bells, being the gift of Hugo de Busron, and Hugh and Roger his two sons. The largest bell was S3 and noted for the extreme richness of its tone. Merrv was the peal which rung at day-break on the morning of the consecration, and many were the praises given to the bellfounder for his skill and success. The bells were cast within the church, immediately under tbe tower in which they were to be hung, and whilst the metal was yet hot in the furnace many a silver penny, and proa, and trinket was thrown into it, to assist in making the metal of a silverv and tunable note. "Hie entire floor of the church was laid in Mosaic tiles, and those round the east portion of the quire near to the altar contained an inscription concerning the founding and endowment of the church.
The furniture and decorations of the altar were of the most beautiful description. The altar slab was of porphyry from Rome, and contained a portion of the steps of one of the temples from which Saint Paul had preached. This was esteemed a worthy relique. The altar-plate was given by King Henry the First, and contained about 600 ounces of silver and 200 of gold, besides many precious stones. The tapestry and hangings for the altar and quire were the work and gift of Adeliza de Boney and her sisters, and contained amongst other subjects the lives and martyrdom of the Apostles.
The sacristry contained the presses and charts for the sarptices, copes, and other vestments of the priests and quire. It was a beautiful and heart-stirring sight to see this noble church decorated and hung with flowers and garlands on some of the higher festivals of the church. The open and spacious nave, and the highly adorned and solemn quire, were places not to be found now-a-days. Sign of the Times. Good household bread is selling at Rugby at Id.
per and prime Lincolnshire mutton, of excellent quality, is brought to our Saturdays market from Leicester, a distance of twenty miles, and sold at 31b. for a shilling. A vast quantity is thus weekly disposed of, to the injury of our resident butchers, the market being free to all the country. Northampton Herald. Sudden Death.
On Thursday last an awful visitation of God was experienced in the death of Miss Elizabeth Moore, aged twenty -six years, second daughter of Mr. Moore, of The Lodge, Messing, Essex. The young lady had partaken of an early dinner, and appeared full of life and spirits, when she complained of a difficulty in breathing, and, rising from the sofa, fell heavily upon the floor. In less than twenty minutes she was a corpse. The only words she uttered were, My God, I am dying.
Chinese Newspaper. There was yesterday exhibited in the Salle des Conferences of the Assembly a copy of a new journal, the Moniteur of Pekin. It is written in the Chinese language, and printed with great care on very fine paper. It appeared in the Chinese capital on the 1st of January, 1850, and arrived in Europe by the last India mail. This first number contains, among other imperial documents, an ordonnance of the Emperor Tao-Kouang, forbidding any of his subjects to emigrate to California or the state of Costa Rica.
Galignani of Tuesday. ALL FROM THE vxALLERY OF DRURY-Theatre. On Saturday evening a man in the of a baker, inebriated, paid for admission to the gallery of the Drury Lane Theatre, andran down to the front seats and when near the bottom he unable to stop himself, the consequence of which fell over the front. Fortunately the lower galler jects considerably uoder the one above it so that 1 fortunate man fill therein. Had it not been for must have fallen into the pit and been dashed to i He was carried to Kings College Hospital.
Ar fortunate circumstance was, that no one was in tha of tbe lower gallery where the man fell, so that was injured by his falling upon them. Great Northern Railway. Every strug being made to keep the capital expenditure withi estimate. VV understand the company have latel works constructed for full 30 per cent, lower tha engineer contract prices. In the London good temporary passengers station, for instance the tracts have been let, and the works are in com construction by responsible contractors for prices ing from 20 to 30 per cent, lower than the engii scheduled pnee and yet the engineer made his est: of the price at which the work should be done wb market price of materials was at about its lo Again, there are, as is well-known, a great many of railway of the towns portion of the line still let for the construction of works.
It is hoped there is good reason to believe, that these works volving an expenditure of some hundreds of thous will be let to respectable and responsible parti prices very much lower than hitherto estimated, tree which bears this wholesome and valuable fr public competition. To the principle of public peOdon shareholders will be indebted for conside and permanent savings in the capital expenditure, important object now in view is to keep the capita penditure within the capital authorized, so as to hr the neoeasity of raising new capital They may enabled to do this to the figure, but every 10 not spent, over and above the authorized capiti almost 200,000 saved, owing to the great sacrific curred in raising new capitaL Herepath 's Rat Journal agents. London, Messrs. Barker md White, Mr. Deacon, Walbrook; Messrs.
Newton a square; Mr. C. Barker, Birchm-lane Lombard-sweet Mr. Thomas, Cathenn. r.
oeynell. Chancery-lane and Mr. Mit court, Fleet-street. Glasgow. Har thill and Saimond, 1, Mi chanan- street.
Alton. Mr. Rowbottom. Bawtm. Mr.
W. L. Baines. Bingham. Mr.
Doncaster, Bookseller. Castl Downington. Mr. CowUsbaw, CasaTnriBLD. Mr.
Cooper. Dbbby. Mr. Rowbottom. Gainsbobough.
Mr J. Bowden and ba. nt ham. Mr Ridge. Ksgwobth.
Mr. Atkin. Lough obo ugh. Mr. Griffin Melton.
Mr. Day. Idtto a Mr hitl wiixiwoiTH. Mr. Deakin.
Thumoat, Amu, im. 3.
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