PAGE FOUR BLYTHEVILL1 (ARK.) COURIER NEWS TUESDAY, JANUARY 11, 1955 THE BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS TH« COURIER NEWS CO. H. W. HAINES. Publisher BARRY A. HAINES, Editor, Assistant Publisher PAUL O. HUMAN, Advertising Manager Sole Nitiona) Advertising Representative!: Wall«c« Witmer Co., New York, Chicago, Detroit, Atlanta, Memphia. Entered M second class matter at the post- office at Blytheville, Arkansas, under act of Con- tnw, October 8, 1917. Member of The Associated Pro SUBSCRIPTION RATES: By carrier In the city of Blytheville or any suburban town where carrier service Is maintained, 2Sc per week. s . . . By mall, within a radius of SO miles, $5.00 per year, $2.50 for six months, $1.25 for three months; by mall outside 50 mile zone, $12.50 per year payable In advance. Meditations Hear me, O Lord, hear me, that thli people may know tbat thoii art the Lord God, and that tbon hast turned tbeir heart back again. — I. Kfaifs 18:J7. * * * Qod Is as great in minuteness as He Is in magnitude. — Colton. Barbs One of the disadvantages of being a recognized liar is that you may want to tell the truth some time. * * * The fellow who uses Howry language tan't Always handing out bouquets. * * * More men than women suffer from flat feet, according to a foot doctor. Lucky the dogs who have women to take care of them. * * # There's plenty of room at the top if you're willing to climb over the obstacles to get there. * # * Biologists devote a great deal of time to cell life, criminal courts too little. Ike's Foreign Trade Policy One of the items in President Eisenhower's program which he did not press in the 83rd Congress was his proposal for a liberalized foreign trade policy. He held off because of opposition within hia own party. The argument for delay seemed fairly reasonable, since the President already was assured of approval for a pretty good share of his program in his first two years. Now, however, according to reports from the capital, he has decided to make this test of strength. To put the issue off until late in the congressional year, or to embroil it in the presidential politics of 1956, obviously would place it under grave handicap. So Mr. Eisenhower is plunging ahead early. Yet this does not mean that GOP elements opposed to freer foreign trade have shrunk in size. Undoubtedly a loud and bitter fight impends. But circumstances suggest that the opposition is much less likely than before to block liberalizing action. In the 83rd Congress, opponents of the program were in commanding positions in the committees concerned with foreign trade policy. In the 84th, Demo. crats generally friendly to the program will control these committees. Furthermore, congressional Democrats as a whole are more receptive to the liberalizing plan. In combination with many Republicans, they give the President strong hopes for success with the proposal in 19S5. The program is not a radical one. He would extend the reciprocal trade act for three years instead of one, as has been the custom for a long time. Foreign traders want the stability that comes with a longer range plan. He would also simplify U. S. customs procedures, which are among the most complex in the world and a definite hindrance to trade. The President likewise favors tax reductions to encourage American business to invese capital abroad. The belief is that such investment would assist our free allies to become more self-sufficient economically. There are other features designed to permit or foster enlarged trade between this country and its foreign friends. The Prsident and other supporters of this plan feel that fujler trade is the only path by which the nations* of the free-world family may gain the strength »nd self reliance they need to survive and prosper in this tense age of the Communist struggle. The program's opponents, many of whom seem to favor neither trade nor »id, ought to be asked in the coming debate what reasonable and effective alternatives they o|fer. So far they have offered nothing, land the free world cannot survive on nothing, Good, But Let's Do Better Despite a splurge of careless driving in the last days of 1954, the United States managed to bring down its traffic toll about 5 per cent and 1800 lives under the 1953 loss. This is an estimate of the National Safety Council based on actual reports for 11 months. The estimated 1954 toll is the lowest since 1950. This, despite an increase of 20 percent in automobile mileage since that year.. The council and all other safety organizations should be congratulated on this evidence of progress in their relentless drive to lower the shocking arid sen- less slaughter on the highways. . VIEWS OF OTHERS Processing Pays Off The farmer gets more out of a dollar spent for eggs than for almost any other farm product, according to a U. S. Department of Agriculture report. His share is more than 70 percent. That is because most of the work of producing the finished product is done by the farmer (actually, by his hens). Eggs usually are put in protective cartons, but there is little, else that can be done to them that would improve the product. In fact, most of the artificial processing that eggs sometimes receive, for preservation, are injurious to their taste. At the other extreme is white bread. By the time the farmer's wheat has been made into flour, blended win other ingredients, baked into "bread, sliced, wrapped and transported to the stores all by somebody else the farmer's part of the price of a loaf is less than 20 percent. These differences are noted by the Grocery Manufacturers of America, illustrating the point that the "spread" between the price paid to the farmer and the price paid by the consumer is a payment for added values." Oddly enough, fresh fruits and vegetables, which are ready for the consumer soon after they leave the orchards and fields, are way down the line, the farmer receiving only about one-third of the final selling price. However, these produces receive considerable handling, often are transported long distances, and are subject to damage and spoilage, all adding to their cost. Some of the other farm products listed, and the approximate percentage that the farmer receives out of the final price, are: butter,, 65 per cent, choice beef 63 percent, milk 45 percent, flour 35 percent, processed fruits and vegetables 15 percent. The more things are done to a product before it reaches the consumer the lower percentage the farmer gets out of the final price. But in the handling of some crops this discrepancy represents an opportunity. If value can be added to a farm product by processing or packing on the farm, or at stations operated by farmers, a higher price for that product can be obtained.—Lumber ton (N.C.) Robesonian. Court & Gambling Stamps The Florida Supreme Court has looked at the gambling stamp question twice The first time around the court upheld a new state law declaring the mere possession of a gambling stamp to be prima facie evidence. On another look, the court reversed that stand. We liked the first decision. It makes sense that anyone who had bought a gambling stamp to paste in his collection could easily show that fact and clear himself of suspicion. Prima facie, after all, does not mean sufficient evidence. It means only a showing of the face of things, which can be countered by contrary evidence. We are advised on good authority that the second decision may be even better Irom a law-enforcement standpoint. The new and final interpretation is that law enforcement officers must make a showing that there Is gambling in the community. Then they can use the prima facie law. That sounds all right. Under the first ruling the holder of tlie gamb- ' ling stamp could be charged only with the misdemeanor of being a common gambler. Under the final ruling more serious charges can be filed with but little more trouble in preparation. That sounds better. The quesion is what law enforcement officers are going to do about it. We agree with those who backed the law that it would provide officers with a useful new tool. We do not agree with anyone who argues that law enforcement officers will be seriously handicapped by the court's final decision. Where there is gambling there is evidence of gambling and where there is evidence, officers can get it, if they really try. So lets not hear excuses.—Talalhassee Democrat. SO THEY SAY They (scientists) have set a pattern and stride proper to giants and geniuses, but most frightening to ordinary mortals. They have left few obvious opportunities for easy attack and apparently cleared the fields of physics and chemistry, so little undiscovered remains.—AEC member Willftrd Libby, on why youths shy away from scientific careers. » * * The other half (of preventing war) is to have free trade between Japan and Russia and create a greater structure of prosperity based on peace. While cooperating with America, we must also strive for coexistence and copros- perlty with Russia. — Japan's Prime Minister Ichiro Hatoyama. , « * ' * I'm not burdened with sin, anyway. Being married, you can't do much. — Dr. Charles Laufjhead, who predicted world'! end, on why he waan't worried. End of the Road Peter Edson's Washington Column — French Toys Go Pacifist; WWIII; John L Lewis; the Old Army Game HOLLYWOOD — (NEA) — Guys and Dolls: Being a good actress doesn't mSan a thing in Hollywood unless, Angela Lansbury will argue it, "you get great stories and are stuffed down the public's throat by a.studio." Her slick acting as a "critic's actress" in MOM movies "made nice drawing room conversation," she says today, "but if I had remained at MOM I would have had no career at all. They saw me only as a character actress. Now I'm getting a chance to play everything, including leading ladies." As an English princess with Danny Kaye on her mind in "The Court Jester," Angela's chuckling: "She's the wildest princess who ever lived." Jack Webb's passion for "just the facts, ma'am" as TV's Sergeant Friday has turned him into a mighty suspicious character, iven about his fan and pan mail. Recently he received a letter of protest about something on "Dragnet." The letter was signed by 11 names. On a Sergeant Friday hunch, Jack sent the pan note to the Los Angeles police department's handwriting division. In a couple of days the report came back. Nine of the names were forgeries, written by the same person. BETTY HUTTON'S announced retirement "has been explained and re-explained by Betty—"I want to lead a normal life with my children. I've been in show business for 30 years and I've had li." But Hollywood still doesn't believe her. The reaction of Dolores Gray, the Broadway star recently imported to movies, is typical of what Betty's cousins-in-make-up are saying about her desire for WASHINGTON — (NEA) — A French trade letter reports that nearly all the toys on sale in Paris and metropolitan stores this year were "pacifist" in nature. Toy- makers abroad came to the conclusion that French children are now less eager to have soldiers, tanks and junior-size military equipment for playthings. One exception was an "atomic machine .gun." But it was advertised as "absolutely inoffensive. ' This was put down as influenced by President Eisenhower's atomic peace plan. In an exactly opposite corner, Major Alexander P. de Seversky, the aviation pioneer, is out with a prediction that "World War m is inevitable." The Russian-born s c 1 e n 11 s.t somewhat overstated the case in World War II when he preached that airpower alone could conquer the Nazis. But he did influence a build-up of air strength. Now, in a magazine article he predicts that the permanent coexistence of communism and democracy is impossible. Unless one side collapses internally, WW m cannot be avoided. Veterans' Administration got a hot letter the other day from a I World War I vet who complained j that he had taken Nov. 18 off from his job and had been fired. He said he understood that that date, Veterans' Day. was a national holiday and any vet had a right to take that day off. With a straight face, a VA official wrote that Veterans' Day was indeed a national holiday by proclamation of the President, but that no one, whether veteran or not, could, take the day off without getting his employer's permission. Then as a kind of an afterthought, the letter pointed out that Nov. 11, not Nov. 18, was the official Veterans' Day. John L. Lewis' United Mine Workers Journal has made the discovery that there will be five political parties in the 84th Congress which convenes Jan. 5. Says the Journal: "On the left would be the so- called Northern liberal wing of the Democratic party which we might call the "ADAcrats." Next would be the left wing of the Republican party which we' might call the "Republicrats." .Then would come the right wing of the Democratic party which we could call the "Dixiegops." And way over on the right would be the Republican "McCarthyeans." No. Five, Sen. Wayne Morse of Oregon is. smart. He's got his own one-man party." Atomic Energy Commission Chairman Lewis L. Strauss has been the cause of nearly breaking up or at least waking up three cabinet meetings and a White i House press conference in recent weeks. It all began at a National Security Council meeting. In the middle of the session an alarm watch which Admiral Strauss carries, went off with a buzz that startled everyone present, including Ike. Strauss apologetically turned it off but showed it to the group in doing so. Ike expressed an interest and a couple of days later, Strauss presented one to the President. He started carrying the thing regularly, and it has interrupted at least the four confabs mentioned above, maybe more. The "old army game" played so., skillfully by the unofficial "West Point Protective Association" was never in better form than in handling the Margarethe Schmidt spy case out of Berlin. Pentagon officials tried in vain to get American military authorities in Germany to release the names of the two US officers who had allegedly given the order of battle plans to Fraulein Schmidt, for relay to the Russians. The Pentagon wasn't even informed whether it was Army, Air Force, Navy, or even civilian officials who had betrayed US and Allied secrets to the 24-year-old lady spy. It took only a n hour to try her, t find her guilty and sentence her j to five years in prison for prac- I ticing the oldest crime in the world. But even after the trial was over, American military authorities in Germany were protecting the identities of the two officials whose crime was even worse than the spy's. Substitute schoolteachers, who were supposed to disappear from the American scene like the cigarette and nylon shortages after World War II. are still around and getting more numerous, says Dr. Frank W. Hubbard, research director for National Education Association. With over 30 million youngsters in U. S. schools this year—a jump of c\er a million above last year —school administrators had to hire 80,000 emergency teachers (his fall This is 2000 more than last year, for a teacher total of 1,126,000. the Doctor Says— Written for NEA Service By EDWIN P. JORDAN, M.D. A difficult problem Is presented by a mother who writes about her two-year-old son. The boy was born 2' /2 months prematurely, she says, and his weight was 2 pounds $ ounces. When he was a year old he weighed 8 pounds 3 ounces, and now 17 pounds and 12 ounces. He sits alone and crawls all over the place but his legs are very thin. He says a few simple words and seems to undertand everything that Is said to him. He does not stand, however, and the mother has been told thnt the little boy is badly retarded. The question is whether this little boy is normal considering his premature birth and , whether or not the parents can expect a normal development from now on. This one cannot say without making certain special tests but it does appear that he is underweight for his age and he probably should begin standing and walking before long if he is going to develop normally. The prematurity of this little boy .should not have much to do with his development by the time he is two years old. Premature babies do have a greater risk at first but once they have passed the early danger period they are ns likely to be healthy and develop to normal size and weight ns other children. In fact their rate of growth Is usually more rapid than full size infants so that they tend to catch up with the others by the time they are ft year or two, old. Certainly one of the great medical triumphs of modern times Is the increased possibility for life of biibfes who arc born prematurely. Only A few years ago the majority "of premature babies were doomed to almost immediate death. Now premature infants who can get hospital care have an excellent chance of survival. A baby is considered premature if its weight is less than 5 !/2 pounds; the smallest infant which is known to have survived into childhood weighed just one pound at birth. In between these figures, a large number of babies are born each year who require care in order to live. Today many modern hospitals have air-conditioned cubicles with temperatures ranging from about 75 to 100 degrees, which are kept at the proper humidity. This is much safer for the premature infant than any kind of wrappings. This system permits regulating the heat of the infant and has brought about a revolution in the care and chances for life of these tiny tots. The little boy discussed at the beginning of this column should be taken again for full medical and mental examination so that the mother's mind will either be relieved that he is doing normally or she will know what should be done to bring _about the best possible development. LEGIONNAIRE at the national convention was arrested for hitting n hotel maid accidentally with a water pitcher. This, however, is still mild compared to the old days when the boys used to dangle maids out of hotel windows in sheets. — Arkansas Gazette. CALENDARS for the next five years are now available, indicating that someon* has f«J!h In the immediate future, — Mattoon (111.) Journal-Gazelle. • JACOBY ON BRIDGE Anything Goes in Tourney Bridge BY OSWALD JACOBY Written for NEA~~lScrvlce The weird bidding of today's hand coudn't possibly take place in a sane rubber bridge game. In tournament bridge' however, it Isn't quite as crazy as it seems. When the bid of one heart came around to him, South was WEST 48754 VKJ 1086 4>2 4853 NORTH * AKJ W 972 » 104 " + AKQ74 EAST South Pass Double !*(!) 3 » 4« Pass V A43 « KJI5J 4J6 SOUTH (D) 4Q>o» VQ5 • AQ976 41092 Neither side vul, Wnt North East Pass 1 4 Pass 1 Pass Pass Pass Pass 3* •I* 1 » Pas* Pass P.isi Pass Opening lead—* 2 strapped for a bid. He didn't like to bid no-trump with no stopper In the enemy's suit, and there didn't seem to bq much future in anything else. He tried one spade us a way of marking time. As.the bidding developed, It become evident thnt North hud » very good hand thnt included very Ehkine Johnson IN HOLLYWOOD strong three-card spade support. With foul- spades and his evident strength, North would have raised spades at his first opportunlr. My friend and associate, Allrcd Sheinwold. held the South hand at one table and decided to stay in four spades even though he knew that his partner could furnish only three trumps to add to his own three trumps. The score for four spades would be 420 points, or 20 points more than the score for live clubs. This small difference, unimportant at rubber bridge, is vital, in tournaments, as Sheinwold points out in his new boot "How to Bid and Play in Duplicate Tournaments." West opened the singleton diamond, dummy put up the ten, East played the king, and Shein- wold won with the ace. He entered dummy with a high club to lead another diamond, finessing the six from his own hand since it was clear that West had led a singleton. In actual play, West ruffed the second diamond. Regardless of the later defense, it was easy for declarer to regain the lead, draw all of the trumps in three rounds, and run the clubs. Tin- defenders could get their one ruffing trick and two hearts, but South easily made the rest. If West had refused to ruff the second diamond, Sheinwold tended to lead the queen of diamonds in order to discard a heart from dummy. If West still refused to ruff. South would lead to the high clubs. Any early ruff by West would allow declarer to draw trumps and run the clubs. If West waited until East could ruff the third club. South would then have five tricks in and could take five more tricks by crossruffing diamonds and clubs. It would be pleasant to relate that this daring contract and precise play won the board, but it wouldn't be true. At the other table, South played the hand at three no-trump and made this nor rible contract with two overtricks hen West, failed to open a heart the quiet _life. ICs a very smart move on Betty's part," says Dolores. "Nobody In his right mind in show businesa Is going to let all that great talent go io waste. Before this It's always been 'write me a Betty Hutton story.' Now they'll scramble and find her the greatest story ever." TONY MABTIN and Aim Miller were rehearsing a love scene In "Hit the Deck." While Tony warbled "More Than You Know," Ann cuddled closer. She was an eyebrow-lifting sight —wearing only a half-slip and a bra. Before the camera rolled, though, she donned a dress. Sometimes it's more fun than you know to watch movie dolls in rehearsal than It is to see them on the screen. A young actress dejectedly confided to Anne Baxter the other day that she hud been turned down for a role because the producer was looking for an "Anne Baxter type." Anne laughed and said: "Honey, don't feel badly about don't feel badly about it. I'm trying io avoid being cast as the Anne Baxter type myself." Anne's confession about getting into high gear as an actress on U-I's "Tacoy" set: "For a long time I suffered the misfortune of looking like someone else. If I didn't quite look like the actress the producer had in rnind. the make-up man would be told to finish the job. I was in the business of giving imitations. I wasn't able to project a single individual spark until I stopped Hollywood from making me a carbon copy of somebody e!.se." DONALD O'CONNOR, in rehearsing his telefilm show, frequently bounces around the stage, playing all the roles of three or four others in the cast. It's his way of getting the "feel" of the script. Reminds me of the time Donald was in the Army and was asked to writ£ and stage a musical comedy for a cast of 35. He labored over the book and music for weeks. Came the first call for talent and only three yawning privates showed up. Overnight, most of the camp's enlisted men had been transferred. "I need a cast of 35," complained Don to his commanding officer. "All I've got is three men. What should I do?" "Improvise," replied the C. O. Donald "Improvised" by cutting the number of parts In the show and playing 15 characters himself. WELL, the folks are a few minutes late already so I've got to sit here and work up a good mad. For a few minutes I get to be boss If they think I'm honest to goodness upset. But that doesn't last too long. If I act too mad, my wife gets mad. too. and then she does as she pleases. And if I don't act mad enough they don't pay any attention to me. — Summervlllo (Oa.) News. PEDESTRIANS may be wrong in the eyes of the law, but they hardly deserve the death sentence. — Elberton (Ga.) star. LITTLf LIZ— Sooner or later you'll find out that leading a double life costs more than twice as much. «NU« Award Winner Answer to Previous Puiil* ACROSS 7 Trimmed, at 1 Award winner, Dr. John F. tree branches 8 Malt drink 9 Ocean «ster 16 Sofa 16 Rang 17 City in The Netherlands 18 Mouth part 20 Before 21 W 23 Edge 35 Observe 45 Wcaponi 24 Looks fixedly 38 Subdue 47 Burden 25 Apple center 39 Health resort 48 Roman road 26 Sacred bull of 40 Troop (ab.) 48 Weights of 'Egypt 42 Roman India 27 Lease magistral* 51 Tear .......:.. 29 Heavy blow 43 Mlmlcker 52 Individual 25 Writer's mark 30 Narrow inlcts « Ancient Irish 54 Low haunt 28 Redactor* 31 Identical capital 55 Consume 32 Unclosed 35 Craze 34 Fruit skins 36 Measure of pap« J7 Venerataa 40 Succinct 41 Harvetteri a-Indomeian at Mindanao 4« Sorrowful 47 Fairy fort M Talking bird 5* Form a notion 56 Type at fur 57 Conductor 98 Grater 59 FenttratN DOWN 1 Gaelic 1 Require 3 Palm fruit 4Eait (Fr.) 5 Flih •«• < Short Oabfnf Un* m* w/M 5?
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