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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND 8OCTHIA8T MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 244 Blythevllto Courier Blythevllle Dally Newi Mississippi Valley Leader Blythevllle Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, JAN'UARY 11, 1955 TEN PAGES Published Dally Except Sunday SINGLI COPY FIVE CENTS President Urges Pay, Rate Boosts Civil Service, Postal Workers Would Benefit WASHINGTON (AP)—President Eisenhower urged Congress today to boost the pay of government Civil Service and postal workers by about 5 per cent and at the same time raise postal rates. He also proposed a health insurance program for government workers. The President estimated the pay raise would cost $339;500,000 a year and that the cost to the government of the health program would be $55.000.000 a year, Eisenhower sent two separate messages to Congress—one dealing with a pay increase for Civil Service workers nnd the other with a pay rise for postal workers and with the proposed increases In postal rates. The tying together of postal rate and postal pay increases amounted to a repetition of the President's stand of last year that the two should go hand in hand. He vetoed a bill last year to boost federal pay because it did not include higher postage rates. Congressional comment since the new session began has indicated the lawmakers are receptive to the idea of a pay boost for government workers but. still reluctant to raise postal rates. Commission Urged In today's postal message, Elsen- hower recommended that: 1. Congress create a permanent, independent commission to adjust postal rates in future. Rates now are established by Congress. 2. In [the meantime, Congress should r^lse existing rates on the first three classes of mail. Eisenhower didn't specify by how much, but the administration's position has been that letter postage should go up from three to four cents and air mail postage from six to seven cents. The .President said second class rates which apply- on newspapers and magazines should be increased "until such matter makes a fair and reasonable contribution to postal revenues." Third class mail consists largely of advertising matter. Eisenhower aaid revenue from it has been 'substantially below" the cost of service and that the rate should be raised so that users of this service will pay a 'proportion;!tely fair share" of postal revenues, Half Million Affected As to pay raises, Eisenhower proposed: 1. The pay of classified Civil Service workers be raised by 202 million dollars, which would be about 5 per cent of present payrolls. About a million employ&s would be affected. They would get raises ranging from $125 a year in the lowest grade to S800 in the next to the top rating. There would be no increase in the present top pay of $14,800 a year. Percentagewise, • the individual increases would range from 2.9 per cent cot 7.4 per cent. The lower raise would be from $2,552 a year to 52,625 for certain crafts, watchmen, and cleaners. The biggest raise, percentagewise, would be in class 15 workers, lifting them from a minimum of $10,800 a year to $22,600. Rent and Income Survey Will Get Started Today Blylhevllle's family income and rent survey, requested by Blythe- vllle Housing Authority, will bcKin today. It wns announced by Gene Bremer of the u. S. Census Bureau's district office at Hot Springs. Mr. Bremer will supervise the census. A p p r o x i m P. t e 1 y 450 households will be covered in the survey. A "scientific sampling" process will be used to provide n representative sample of the city's income nnd rent picture. Only statistical totals, not personal information, will be released by the census bureau. Mi-. Bremer sinted. Inside Today's Courier News . . . Chicks Play Plgltott Here Tonight . . . BUS Noncommittal on Bl( Seven Issue; School Bo»rd, Coaches to Meet . . . Despite Loss, Kentucky Retains No. 1 Cage Ranking; . . . Sports . . . pnges 6 and 7 ... . . . Ike's Forelun Trade Policy . . . Editorial* . . . p»n:e 4, . , . Revolution in Architecture Hits American Home ... p««e 5... . . . rockets Are a Girl's Best Friend, Say Fashion Deslcners: Second In a Series on Fashion Previews . . . Society News... pa«« 2.... PLAN 4-H BANQUET — Getting their heads ert Earl Davis, president of the County 4-H Coun- logether for the annual North Mississippi County ell; Mrs. Gertrude Holiman, home demonstration 4-H winners' bnnquet which will be held at Hotel Noble Saturday at 6 p.m. nre Charley Brogdon, secretary-treasurer of county Farm Bureau; Rob- agent, and H. H. Carter, assistant county agent. Farm Burenu sponsors the annual affair honoring top 4-H members. (Courier News Photo) Notes Powder Keg Conditions American Freed from Soviet Prison Tells of 195 3 Rebellion BERLIN (AP) — An American released from a Soviet slave labor camp at Vorkuta said today a rebellion flared there in July, 1953, in which guards mowed down 110 prisoners on the spot and wounded 500 more. John H. Noble, 31, of Detroit, who was released by the Russians on Saturday after 9-1/2 years imprisonment, told a news conference the vast network of prisons in Russia "needs only a spark" to explode into open revolt. • + Noble said the revolt at Vorkuta, in Arctic Russia northeast of Mos- Hammarskjold " ~""" " "•"" Mum on Mission Cables Thanks To Premier Chou HONG KONG MT—U.N. Secretary General Dag H.ammarskjold, arriving in Hong Kong from Peiping tonight, disclosed he had cabled warm thanks to Red China's Premier Chou En-laf for hfs hospitality. The U. N. chief remained mum tin the insults of his mission seeking the release of 11 American airmen held by Red China as spies and other U. N. personnel imprisoned by the Chinese. Hammarskjold told 50 waiting newsmen at Kowloon, Hong Kong's mainland station, lie would make no statement on his mission until he made his 'report to the U.N. General Assembly which sent him. As the Hammarskjold party crossed into the British crown colony at the frontier station of Lowu, hn sent a cable back to Chou saying: "On leaving your country, I wish to convey to you on behalf of my colleagues and myself our warm appreciation of the welcome given us. Your courtesies and hospitality and the unfailing assistance of everyone with whom we came in contact have rendered this a most memorable experience, for which all of us stand in gratitude." The secretary general told news- mnn. smiling, that: "This isn't a press conference." But he read out the sentences from his cable to Chou. Hammarskjold is scheduled to spend the night at Government House In Hong Kong before flying on to Tokyo and thence to the United States. He is due back at U.N. headquarters in New York Saturday. He is to leave for Tokyo at 8 a. m. tomorrow (6 p.m. CST) tonight aboard a Scandinavian Airwnys System plane. Ex-Governor Dies ATLANTA (7P) — Former Gov John Marshall Slaton, whose pub lie career began more thtin half n century ago, died of a cerebral bloodclot early today. He was 88. by followers of the executed Soviet Secret Police Chief L. P .Bria, who was then under arrest. From 50 to 60 persons were executed later, he said, as a result of the revolt. Noble said the slave labor camp at Vorkuta contained more than a half million inmates, of whom 95 per cent were dedicated to opposing the Soviet regime. Noble said the inmates got the impression that Beria's men were trying to foment revolu tion throughout the Soviet Union to j overthrow Premier Georgi Malen- j kov's regime. Noble described how he and his father, a camera manufacturer, wore trapped in Dresden by World War II and were compelled to remain there under local internment. Both were arrested in 1945 by trm Russians. The father was released seven years later. Young Noble was taken from a German prison to Vorkuta in 1950. Never Tried Ht? said he was sentenced to la years, although he was never tried. and added: "All they ever told me was that we were guilty of having received American officers and soldiers in our home in 1945 and that we had American food in our possession." Even when he was released, the Russians declined any explanation. Life in the Siberian labor camp he said, is "horrible and hopeless." "None of us ever expected to return," he said. "The worst thing was to fall into Soviet hands, because once there you hardly have a chance." Noble was put to coal mining. He said the temperature sometimes reached as low as 40 degrees below zero, and on one occasion it fell to 72 blow. . In the camps where he worked, he estimated there were several thousand Germans and "quite a lot of Poles.'' He saw only two other Americans, one Pvt. William C. Marchuk, 30, of Norristown, Pa., who was released with him, and another soldier, Pvt. William Verdine, 28, of Starks, La. An American request for Verdine's re.'ease has been presented to the Russians. Oates Speaker At Burdette Club J. V. Oates, district manager of the Arkansas-Missouri Power Company, wa.s principal speaker at a meeting of the Burdette Agriculture Club last, night. Mr. Oates traced development of electric power and new innovations in the power industry. E. H. Crook, president /of the club, presided at last night's session. Russians May Use Atom Power To Blast Out Central Asian Sea LONDON I/TJ—There are good indications that the Russians are going to use nuclear explosioa 1 ;—on scale unmatched In history—to blrt.st out a Central Asian sea that may change the weather o f Europe. Western diplomats have brought back reports from Moscow that the Russians are planning to create such n sen as part of a long-term program to change the physical surface of Siberia, nnd the wastelands to the south. Last autumn the Soviet Council of Applied Sciencs in Moscow published an outline revealing pinna that an area In Siberia larger than North America would be iTlgaled and criss-crossed by a system of canals and dams. This, said the Soviet experts. would change the weather in Siberia, mnkjng t he winters and summers milder. Western meteorologists say this probably would have a profound effect on the weather throughout Europe, also making winters milder there. Returning diplomats also report Soviet plntis to divert two of Siberia's big rivers, the Ob and the Yenisei, both of which flow north to the Arctic Sen. They said Russian scientists have privately revealed they hope to be able to make these waterways ' flow southward, forming a Central Asian sen. The diplomats said nuclear explosions, In which the Soviet armed forces could test their atomic nnd hydrogen weapons, would be tisod to blast out tremendous land areas. Y Hears Report On '54 Activities Committees for '55 Are Named at Board Meeting Blytheville YMCA's board of directors yesterday heard committee appointments and studied a report of 1954 Y activities. Y President Gilbert Smythe released a full slate of 1955 committees and Y Secretary J. P. Garrott submitted his 1954 summary of activities. All records for attendance at the Y gamp room were broKen during (he Christmas hoiidaj's, he reported, with 1,500 being registered during the two-week holiday. Daily count of participation in all Y-sponsorcd activities during the year reached 54.000. This count includes children who participated in more than one activity. Nine Leagues During the year, the Y backed nine football, basketball, softball nnd baseball Leagues with 3B teams which played 241 contests, plus some 2C8 practice sessions. The three Indian Guide Tribes (father-son organizations) held 35 meetings during the year and there were 42 additional Y activities which included picnics, parties, hikes and the like. These figures, it was pointed out, do not certain any phase of Little League operation. The report pointed out that "there has been some question" a& to whether the Y should be credited with Little League activities. Committees Presidential electors for 1955 are H. A. Haines and C. W, Kapp. Here are conimitces, chairman being first named: Boys work — James Terry, Bill Williams, P. D. Foster, Roland Bishop, E. E. Wilson, A. O. Hallman. Girls work — Mrs. Jess Homer, Mrs. Glenn Lndd, Mrs. H. P Willingham, Mrs. Carl Lay, Mrs Walter Day. Finance— Jack Owen, John CflU- dill, Joe Evans. Bequests — John Caudill, James Terry. Membership— W. H. Wyatt, Mrs C. L. McWaters, C. W. Kapp, Oliver Richardson, Toler Bqchftnan, John Cnudill. Personnel — J. W. Adams, Ross Stevens, Ray Hall. Publicity — H. A. Haines, Fred Sanriefur. Religious emphasis— Rev. H. M. Snnford, C. M. Smart, Rev. H. O. Eggensperger, Mrs. Latkl. Negro work — Miss Winnie Turner, James Manly. Rev. James Rainwater, Jimmic Sanders. Building plans — Alvln Huffman, Jr., Jnmefi Terry, Kendall Berry, Russell Phillips, H. C. Bush, Mr, Adnms, Mr. Wyntt, Mr. McWaters. World Service — Harvey Morris Mrs. Day, Toler Buchanan. Young adults — Hurry Farr, Mr. Williams, A. S. Harrison. Schools Must Justify Request For More Funds, Faubus Says Senate Gefs Fast Start; House Covers Routine LITTLE ROCK (AP) — The! state Labor Department and re- ArL-ancas ^pnafo aM rtmvn lniP- ace ^ w ' th a three-man Labor Arkansas senate got cioun «>! authored by work quickly hut the House j sen> w . E . . Plc t c her of scott. is Contented itself With routine; delsgned to give business manage- task as the 60th General As-i mem a voice in the admintstra- sembly convened. Eight bills, including one to make; miuee during tnc 19a3 session. The it more difficult for public utilities to increase their rates, were into- duced in the Senate. In contrast, only one measure- to pay House expenses and salaries —was offered in the lower chamber. The House bill would appropriate 5274,925 for this purpose, an increase of about $8,000 from the amount spent by the 1953 House. A similar bill in the Senate appropriates $115,950, the same as two years ago. After getting the routine chores labor commissioner almost always is a union official. Among other things, the Labor Department operates the Employment Security Division, and can b called in to mediate labor disputes. Sens. Guy Jones of Conway and Roy Milum of Harrison offered a current Labor Department is op-1 bill to repeal the 1953 "family re- crated largely by union men. The I See ASSEMBLY on Page 10 A similar measure died in com- Ex-Teller Charged As Embezzler Here Edward Calvin Stiles, 27-year-old former Farmers Bank n.j.ici 5CLL1H5 uiii iuiiviut •-"«• ^^i *jtni«itivi*i»i"»-'i.*v-u, —•,/***»» of organizing out of the way, the' and Trust Co., teller, has been charged wtih embezzling senators began throwing bills into j 34,000, it was learned from Jonesboro today. the hopper. Sens. Max HoweJJ of Little Rock and Clifton Wade of Fayetteville offered the proposal to change the law governing rate increases for public utilities. Extends PSC Power Their bill would empower the state Public Service Commission to rule on temporary rate boosts as well as permanent increases. Under present law, a utility can raise its rates prior to PSC consideration simply by posting a bond. The bond guarantees refunds to customers in case the PSC eventually reduces or disallows the proposed increase. The Howell-Wade bill is designed to "stop these indiscriminate rate increases by public utilities," said It was in Jonesboro that Stiles appeared before U. S. Commissioner Homer E. McEwen this morning and waived preliminary examination. Bound Over He was ordered bound over to the r.exi terni of Federal Court in Jonesboro. The court convenes there in May. The charge stated that Stiles embezzled the money and caused falsification of records "on or about" July 1 of last year, Second in Year It. marked the second embezzle- j ment in the city in less than a I year. Last March, Virgil Shaneyfelt. ! confessed to embezzling over £9,000 Howell. It would force a utility to prove to the PSC an "immediate and impelling need" for higher rates before putting into effect an increase. The utility would have to petition for the temporary increase, and the PSC would have to rule on it within 120 days. The agency could either reject the request, or allow the utility to put the proposed increase into effect under bond. Another, public hearing to determine if the higher j rates were to be made permanent still would be required. If the PSC failed to act within 120 days, the utility then could put up the bond and raise its rates on a temporary basis. Sharp Criticism The present Arkansas increase- under-bond law has been sharply criticized for the past several years, and was an issue in last summer's gubernatorial race. Gov. elect Orval E. Faubus. who take? office today, is committed to spon- woring legislation to change the law. However, the Howell-Wade bill is not an administration measure. Another bill introduced i n the Senate yesterday would 'abolish the from First National Bank. Currently he is serving a three- year sentence at Seagoville. Tex. Stiles had worked .for the bank seven years prior to leaving there in November. Bank President B. A. Lynch said the loss was fully covered by insurance and the bank has been fully recompensed through this channel. He said Stiles was cooperative in aiding with the investigation and in helping straighten records. County Has 64 TB Patients Mississippi County now has some 64 of its citizens in the state tubr;-- culosis santitorium in Booneville. it was announced today by the County Tuberculosis Association. Of this number, seven are children ur^-r ten years of age. In connection with this. Mrs. Fi. -c., . ammitl, (he chapter's executive secretary pointed out, Arkansas' TB death rate is fifth highest in the nation. H is topped by Arizona. District of Columbia, Kentucky and Tennessee. Blytheville Truck Driver Succumbs Earl Ravellc Found Dead in Cab; Believed Victim of Fumes Earl Ravelle. 44 year old Blytheville truck driver. *.vsa found dead in the cab 01 his parked truck in Labelle, Mo., today. He had been employed by 0. W. Davis Produce Co., of here and was to take on a shipment of eggs from a Missouri produce company. It was in front of this produce company that his truck was found parked this morning-. It is believed he was overcome by carbon monoxide fumes while sitting in the closed cab of the truck'^A-ith motor and heater running. However, investigating officers pointed out, although the ignition was on in the cab, the motoi- was not running when his body was found. Mr. Ravelle made his home at Chickasaw Courts here and is survived by his wife and five children. New Governor Asks Fiscal Code Changes LITTLE ROCK (AP) — Incoming Gov. Orval Faubus today called on forces seeking an additional 12 million dollars yearly for public schools "to prove your point and justify with facts the request for this amount." And in the speech prepared for delivery at his inauguration, Faubus questioned whether everything possible had been done to reduce educational administrative expenses and warned thai no great part of the requested 12 millions could be raised without new or increased taxes. In his text, Faubus recommended "immediate" abandonment of Faubus Sworn In As 36th Governor LITTLE ROCK </?)— Orval Faubus became the 36th governor of Arkansas at 11:31 a. m. today. At that time, he was sworn in by Chief Justice Griffin Smith of the Arkansas supreme Court before a joint session of the Senate and House and packed galleries in the House chamber. Faubus wore a dark blue suit, white shirt, figured blue tie and a white carnation. He was accompanied by Mrs. Faubus, wearing a fitted charcoal gray suit, white satin hat and white accessories. the 1953 Fiscal Code, which outgoing Gov. Francis Cherry has regarded as an outstanding achievement of his administration. Faubus outlined a suggested revamping of fiscal and purchasing practices and said the Fiscal Code "has proved to be unwieldy, impractical and far too expensive." The new governor tentatively suggested removal of the provision for purchase of a poll tax as a requirement .for voting. No New Taxes Faubus didn't propose any new taxes. He suggested that "present tax levies be maintained" except It is expected (hat burial will be ! /or removal of the feed, seed and near Advance, Mo., where he has relatives. City Council Meeting Is Off There «'ifl be no meeting' of City Council tonight. City Clerk \V. I. .Malm stated today. Mayor E. R. Jackson has,, been confined to his home due to illness recently and thus this week's regularly scheduled session has been postponed until next Tuesday night, Mr. Malln said. HEAKT CHAIRMAN — Kenneth Su'cer of Joiner has been named chairman of the 1955 Mis- sippippi County Heart Fund, it was announced today by L>r. Dan Autry, president of the Arkansas Heart Association. The County Association will join similar associations over America in conducting a fund campaign this year. Cherry's Portrait Hung In Reception Room LITTL ROCEK M»j—Gov. Francis Cherry's portrait has been hun? in the governor's reception room at the state Capitol. Ken Francis, executive secretary to the governor, presided at an informal ceremony for the portrait hanging which wns attended by 60 Iriends. Quake Hits Japan Weather ARKANSAS — Partly cloudy and slightly warmer this afternoon, tonight and Wednesday, lowest 28 to 36 tonight. MISSOURI — Considerable cloudiness east and north; partly cloudy southwest this afternoon; occasional freezing drizzle or light snow changing to drizzle northwest this afternoon; mostly cloudy tonight and Wednesday. Minimum this morning — 31. Maximum yesterday — 38. Sunrise tomorrow — 7:07. Sunset today — 5:011. Mffdn temperature — 34.5. Precipitation last 24 bourn to 7 o. m. — .25. Precipitation Jon. 1 to date — 66 Thin Date Last Year Maximum yesterday — itO. Minimum this mornlnn — 18. Precipitation January l to date — 2.03. TOKYO i'/Pi — A rather siron^ earthquake was felt in the Tokyo- Yokohama area and parts of central Japan today, but no damage | tered and fiVe cases of cigarettes was reported. were taken. Burglaries investigated Sheriff's deputies today continued investigations of two burglaries at a Blytheville grade school and a wholesale grocery firm here last night and Sunday night. Deputy Sheriff. Charles Short said the Sudbury Grade School was entered last night and a quantity of ice crearn and milk was reported taken. Sunday night. Deputy Short said, the A. G. Shibley Wholesale Grocer Co. on North Highway 61 was en- fertilizer tax and possible abolition of the poll tax. He said he would ask the Legislature. which opened its GOth biennial session yesterday, "to provide adequate personnel to effectively collect all taxes to the end that a declining economy will not seriously affect state revenues." j The fiscal recommendations, the i proposed abolition of the poll lax i and the refusal to accept without i question the request for additional funds for schools constituted the ' mam new points in the Faubus i speech. j The address covered 'a wide va- j riety of subjects — highways, wel- I fare, utility rate increases and in- j dustry among others — but most of j the items had been discussed by | Faubus during last summer's cam- j pa 1211 in which he defeated Cherry I for a second term nomination or in public statements since then. Ffiubus recommended removal of the two per cent sales taxe on feed, seed and fertilizer — something to which he committed himself in the campaign. Vetoed by Cherry Cherry vetoed a bill to take the tax off these items in 1953 because no provision was made for replacement of the revenue which would be lost — estimated at anywhere from a million dollars a year on HP . Faubus said he felt that "diJi- See FAUBUS on Page 10 Cherry Strongly Defends Fiscal Code; Claims School, Road Gains LITTLE ROCK W) — Francis Cherry strongly defended his Fiscal Code and claimed big improvements in school and highway programs during his administration as he made his last speech as governor In inauguration ceremonies today. Cherry said that the Fiscal Code, instituted during his two-year administration, was the "basic reform.' He estimated savings under the plan at 15 per cent. The outgoing governor, said that the Highway Commission — appointed by him under the new Muck-Blncku'cll amendment — hod achieved a record that could not be equaled "anywhere in the annals of Arkansas highway construction." He said that the $80 million the new non-political Highway Com- -ilsslon has spent In Its first two years has been the best Investment of highway dollars .., this st»t« has ever known." "An obvious effort to tear down this highway set-up Is being made, and it will be presented to you In just a few days." Cherry claimed that political corruption had been evident in the highway, welfare and other departments when he took office. He said that welfare assistance to needy persons had been Increased. He said that the department previously had been used by "politicians hungry for personal power and longevity in office ..." Cherry said that approximately 8,000 people In 20 Arkansas counties are receiving federal surplus commodities as a form of drought relief old. He snld that, as a result of a meeting he had federal authorities last Thursday, the quantities of the commodities being distributed would be ioubicd. Cherry said that tie new financial-management structure hid en- abled his administration to give $6 million annually In additional funds to public schools. He said the 98 per cent of all white and Negro pupils in the state "enjoyed a full 9-month term of school for 1953-54 and will again this present school year." The former Jonesboro chancellor said that the average salary of teachers had been Increased by $287 annually. "Without requesting new or higher taxes," Cherry said, "the present quality and quantity of governmental services could be maintained." In his closing remarks. Cherry said that he had passed up "two tempting offers" of employment outside the state. ' "My faith In the future of Arkansas IB stcadfaot and undaunted," he slid, "and I.hive cast my lot for the future In the utata of Arkansas."