The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on January 8, 1955 · Page 4
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 4

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Saturday, January 8, 1955
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PAGE POUR BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.)'COURIER NEWS SATURDAY, JANUARY 8, 1954 TH9 BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE COURIER NEWS CO. H. W. HAINES, Publisher, HARRY A. HAINES, Editor, Assistant Publisher PAUL D. HUMAN, Advertising Manager Bole National Advertising Representatives: Wallace Witmer Co., New York, Chicago, Detroit, Atlanta, Memphis. Entered as second class matter at the post- office at Blythevllle, Arkansas, under act of Con- trew, October », 1817. Member of Trie Associated Press SUBSCRIPTION RATES: By carrier in the city ol Blytheville or any suburban town where carrier service 15 maintained, 25c per week. ' • By mail, within a radius of 50 miles, »5.00 per year, $2.50 for six month's, S1.25 for three months; by mail outside 50 mile zone, $12.50 per year payable in advance. , Meditations They that come after him shall be astonied at hi! day, aa they that went before were af- frtjhted. — JobZ 18:20. * * * When the truth cannot be clearly made out, what is false is increased through fear. — Quintus C. Rufus. Barbs The old-fashioned family doctor has disappeared, says a writer. He probably dropped out at the same time a« the old fashioned family. ' # # * One of the easiest ways to go on a diet is to siop buying the tasty things you can't afford. * * * After a girl is married she discovers that candy can be bought by the small bag. * * * Th* food magician can get out of a locked ufe Jut about M quickly u a robber can got into on*. * * * We're always amused when we read about collector* of scarce coins. Aren't they all? The Jury System Trial by jury has been an accepted part of the legal fabric of the English- speaking peoples for many centuries. It probably should not be necessary to have to defend it. But occassionally it is. Perhaps inevitably, a highly publicized, mysterious affair like the Sheppard murder case stirs a good deal of emotion and argument. One cannot help but be a little suprised, however, that at the end this involved the worth of the jury system and the competence of this particular jury. The most astonishing agrument which turned up suggested that because a jury is a body of ordinary citizens and not a "panel of experts," it should trust its emotional judgements rather than try to weigh all the evidence in arriving at a verdict. Whether intended or not, this is an assault on the jury system, since it assumes that jurors cannot in fact do what in theory they are supposed to do. Yet is it really fair and proper to assume that? For one thing, the argument contains more than a hint of intellectual snobbery, with its suggestion that only lawyers, enforcement officers, criminologists and other such experts are competent to weigh evidence. Any sensible person would have to dismiss this notion as nonsense. A jury does not pass on points of law. And though it can consider evidence of motive as one element in a circumstantial chain, the jury does not have to find proof of motive in a murder case. Nor does it have to probe generally into the mind of a defendant. A jury's job is to try to ascertain facts. What happened? Did this man kill his wife as the prosecution says? Or did he not? What story does the evidence tell? In making this determination a jury of 12 ordinary individuals of normal education—let them be railroad foremen, grocery clerks, typists, housewives, salesmen, or whatnot—is every bit as competent as any "panel of experts." Neither Nature nor training gives the specialist superior ability to choose between conflicting testimony as to case. Basic intelligence is what counts, what, in fact, happened in a particular and jurors must be presumed to have that unless the process by which they were chosen has broken down completely. For the impaneling procedure is designed to eliminate not only prejudiced persous but mental incompetents. Not only ii a jury thoroughly qualified to weigh the evidence, but it has * positive duty to do so. Millions of words of testimony j and perhaps hundreds of physical exhibits are not presented mer«- ly for the benefit of appeals court judges who Mtw will try to d«cid« whether • jury "guessed right." That is a quaint distortion of our jury system which in fact subverts it. The whole theory at work in the courtroom during a long trial is that testimony is being offered for the jury to study, and that the jury is quite capable of analyzing it. The jury in the Sheppard case showed by its later remarks that it fully understood its responsibilities. The verdict of guilty may be wrong or right.'The key point is that the jury arrived at it by time-honored method of carefully reviewing all the evidence in detail, and acting on the basis of what it believed were the clear indictaions of that evidence. Air Safety With inquiry into the ill-fater Italian airliner crash at Idlewild field far from complete, no one can fairly comment on specific causes. But one thing seems possible: There would have been less likelihood of this happening if this field, like many others, did not have to "stack" planes in tier upon tier of air space when the weather gets thick. Partly this is just a matter of heavy traffic. But mostly it seems to be a matter of insufficient or inadequate technical devices for either bringing planes through murky Weather or keeping them fanned out farther from crowded airports. • In this case, a plane piloted by a skilled Italian veteran of the airline had crossed the Atlantic,- a matter of at least 16 hours westbound, had set down at Boston to discharge passengers, and then had to circle Idlewild for two solid hours waiting its turn to come in. When that moment came for some reason the pilot had difficulty making a successful pass at the field. He tried three times without luck. On the fourth he came in too low, was advised to pull up, but struck a pier before he could. With the risks thus multiplied, we are fortunate this.sort of thing does not happen much more frequently. VIEWS OF OTHERS Air Force To 'Educate' Lt. Gen. Hubert R. Harmon, who ha& been given the assignment of superintendent of the New Air Force Academy, has made it clear that young men who go through the academy will get some real education. The academy, Gen. Harmon said in an interview, will he neither a trade school nor a "football factory." He said primary emphasis will be pu on the humanities, the social and the physical sciences. Each cadet will be required to take three years of English and three years of history. Flying will be a secondary, though essential, nart of the curriculum. As for football and other sports, the general said he wants no athletes at the Air Force Academy who lack the intellectual capacity for the academic courses. Gen. Harmon's ideas would be good policy for educational institution. Under his guidance, the Air Force Academy should get off to a fine start.—Chattanooga News-Free Press. Full Moon Over France What French Premier Mendes-France could expect from his 20-percent increase in liquor taxes might be guessed from this country's experience with similar measures. Instead of increasing revenue and discouraging tippling which is the avowed objective the higher tax probably is going to result mainly in more moonshining and more bootlegging. Certainly moonshining has increased in this coutry with every increase in the tax on legalized liquor. But sustained and habitual drinking hardly is the way of life here that it's always been in France. The" Frenchman probably will have his half gallon or so of wine a day regardless of where taxes go. But being a Frenchman he will be extremely reluctant to pay the tax. That means business for the moonshiners and the bootleggers. —Daily Oklahoman. SO THEY SAY n think we ought to be willing to trade with Iron Curtain countries, whether In butter or anything else, so long as the trade Is In our favor. — Agriculture Secretary Benson. * * * I regret that It (Dlxon-Yates power contract) It not being negotiated directly between the Tennessee Valley Authority and power companies. — AEC Chairman Strauss deplores AEV's Involvement in the controversial contract. * # * Peiping 1* confident. They believe the U. S. la afraid of war. And Judging from recent world events, they have grounds for their beliefs. — South Korea's President Rhee. * * * Even If 1955 should not top our very best year, long-run growth is In clcnr prospect. — Dr. Emerson Schmidt, U. S. Chamber o( Com- mtro* *conoml»i. V. The Fliers' Lives Are Not AH That's at Stake Veteran cowboy star Hoot Gibson, who's been a millionaire before, may be on his way to another fortune. Oil has been discovered on Texi land he's owned since 1928. Peter tdson's Washington Column Rough Battle Ahead Expected For Ikes Foreign Trade Plan WASHINGTON —(NBA)— Clarence B. Randall, chairman of the board of Inland steel has been having a tough time trying to put over President Eisenhower's foreign trade program. But at last he seems to be making progress. Since bringing out the report of the Randall Commission of 17 Congressmen and business leaders last January, Mr. Randall has "been working half-time as a White House consultant. He has reviewed the program to see if there were bugs in it. And he has listened and talked to anyone Interested in this subject of tariffs and foreign trade, seizing every opportunity to urge adoption of (he program by Congress in 1955. One of his prize speeches on this subject was made before the big and powerful National Manufacturers Assn., in New York. This group, as conservative as any business organization in the country, Ls split right down the middle on whether the reciprocal trade j agreements program should be ex-1 tended. Companies with a big export business are for it. Companies who have to compete with imports from abroad are dead against it. NAM is so divided on this subject lhat it refuses to take any policy stand of its own on the question. In spite of this, Mr. Randall bearded the lions in their Waldorf- Astoria banquet room den, and tried to tell them the facts of foreign economic life, according to modern gospel. As he was coming down in the elevator next morning, a couple whom he didn't know recognized him and smiled. The man spoke to Mr. Randall and said: "Come here, brother, and shake hands. Gad, how I loathed every word you said last night. But you converted my wife." This simple statement revealed one of the most striking developments in this perennial, national debate. The women's organizations seem to be all for expanding foreign trade. It's the men who are divided. The major farm groups—Grange and Farm Bureau — are for It. Farmers' Union, made up of smaller farmers, is opposed. The national labor union organizations are for it—American Federation of Labor and CIO. David J. McDonald, head of the steelworkers union, who has battled Mr. Randall on many a labor contract, was a public member of the Randall Commission and voted right along with the chairman on practically every issue. But many local unions of ceramics, textile and otto industries which must compete with imports, will line up with their bosse: against the program when Senate Finance and House Ways and Means Committees begin hearings on legislation to carry out the Randall Commission program. The chances for passage of a three-year extension of the trade program with supplementary legislation look a lot better than they did a year ago. In the last Congress, a one-year extension was the most that could be secured. Assurances have been given that there will be no "end-run" by Secretary of Commerce Sinclair Weeks, carrying the ball, behind high-tariff business interference. Nevertheless, the battle over passage will be bitter. Just how bitter it will be is perhaps best indicated by the experience of Mr. Randall's own Inland Steel Co. One of its customers recently cancelled a $20,000 order because of the prominent part the chairman has played in this work. A boycott was then organized in an attempt to make its supplier, take Inland off their trade list. That shows how high the stakes are, and how the game is being played for the prize in this most controversial issue. . / T~\ . P Written for NEA Service tbC IJOCtOr jayS— By EDWIN P. JWDAN, M.D. Apparently many people are not aware that they are color blind until they are tested for it. This can be dangerous for anyone who drives a car—and for the rest of us—but today many states require this 1st before issuing an operator's license. A typical example comes from E. C., who writes: "I recently had to take a physical examination for work and was told I am color blind. Please tell me what color blindness is and whether anything can be done about it?" It is remarkable that ordinarily tho human eye and brain possess the power to distinguish different colors. If this did not exist none of us could appreciate the enormous variety of color in nature, we should have few artists and those engaged in certain occupations would be severely handicapped. Color sense Is a quality of that portion of the eye known as the retina, which records impressions of light rays and transmits these impressions through the optic nerve to the brain. Some color rays are not consciously appreciated, and some people are more aware of differences in shades of color than others. Color blindness is considered to be partial or total. There are three varieties of partial color blindness: in one there Is a lack of ability to "see" red; this Is known as red blindness; in another green is not distinguished, and In the third there is a deficiency in see- Ing yellow and blue, though red and 'green can be readily Identified. The latter Is rather rare. The totally color blind are those who cannot tell any color from anolher but only variation in the brightness of the object. To such persons the world Is all black, white and gray. Color blindness Is of extreme Importance, particularly the red- green variety, in certain occupation such as those in railway, air or marine service, because the ability to discriminate between red nnrt green signals la of vital significance. Keen ability (o discriminate colors is also of Importance to many workers in chemicals, lithographers, painters, »nd at course artists. Color blindness is usually considered inborn.* It is believed to be truly hereditary and transmitted through the mother to the male children. This is probably responsible for the fact that color blindness Is ten times as common among the male population as among the female; one man in 25 Is said to be affected to some de- Tee by color blindness. Can color blindness be treated? True color blindness cannot be overcome or improved by treatment or exercise, though during che last war some young men who had this difficulty made fewer color mistakes after a period of training. The most Important feature about color blindess is that those who are afflicted should know it and govern their lives accordingly. >JACOBY ON BRIDGE Bridge Sleuths Can Have Fun Here By OSWALD ACOBY Written for NEA Service A bridge crime took place in the hand shown today. It wasn't really a horrible crime, so you may have trouble • spotting It. See how good you are u a bridge detective. Just In case you're ausplcloui of LITTLl LIZ— A fellow never realizes how smart you ore until you begin to tell him how good he Is, tnu* bidding, let me steer you away from a false clue. South's jump to four spades was a rather good shutout bid. East could have made five dalmonds but only because the clubs blocked so that the opponents couldn't take three club tricks. It was quite reasonable for West to double four spades. West opened the king of diamonds and continued with the queen of diamonds. East dropped the nine of diamonds on the second trick, intending this as a signal that his side strength was in a NORTH 8 + 76 V 109543 » 10842 4 AK EAST (D) A None VAK7 4 AJ3653 4-8742 SOIJTH AKQJ98432 WEST A A 105 V Q J 86 « KQ * 10963 East-West vul Easl South Wert North 1» 4 * Double Pan Pass Pass Opening lead— •• K high suit^hearts rather than clubs The signal wasn't really necessary, of course, since dummy's ace and king of clubs were In plain sight. South rutted the queen of dia- ...onds and led the queen of spades. West played low, and South contin ued with the king of »padei. This time, of course, West took the ace of spnde« and led « heart. Enst took the king of heart* and led the ace of diamonds through clarer. Now West was sure to win n trick with the ten of spade«. If South ruffed low, West would over- ruff; and If South ruffed with the jack, West's ten would become the high trump. South therefore went down *1 hl» game contract. It shouldn't t* h«id to spot the criminal. Decide for yourself before you read on. South was one of the criminal!, but not the only one. He should have dUcorded hl» heart on the queen of diamonds. Then Efuit would never be able to gain the load In order to lead a diamond through declarer's trurnp«. Couth •twul4c't htv« betm frs/cme Johnson IN HOLLYWOOD HOLLYWOOD — (NBA) —, Exclusively, Yours: Don.Taylor and Phyllis Avery, who couldn't arrive at the lefs-patch-it-up decision in all their past meetings, are now days away from the big reconciliation. Don wiH fly to Hollywood from New York, where his stage show, "The Fragile Fox," recently closed, to write the happy ending for the Taylor tribe. That doll who danced in and out for a quick flash on a recent Liberace TV show was Joanse Rio. The film was made months ago 'hen all was sweetness and light —and publicity. Concern is being felt for C. B. DeMille's grandson, a muscular dystrophy victim. The youngster, aged 9, has been in a wheel chair for over a. year. Hollywoodese for a Mr. and Mrs. •ho spend all their time watching TV: "Console Mates." DOROTHY DANDR1DOE commented to her maid that the Metropolitan Opera was scheduling a performance of Bizet's "Carmen." 'Gosh," said the maid, "they sure didn't lose any time turning your movie into an opera." Nothing that's ever been front- paged about Hollywood divorces can match Tita Phillips' wordage in candor in the second installment of her llfe-with-Edmund Purdom story in a London newspaper. She charges a Hollywood movie queen "stole my husband," and gives the doll's name along with "all the facts." If Dorothy Arnold passes a Pox screen test, there will be two ex- Mrs. Joe DiMaggjos on the lot. Joyce Bryant, clicking at the Cocoanut Grove, is in the running for "St. Louis Woman" at MGM. . . . Leslie Caron's new heart-throb is Air Force Lieutenant John Lobe. If British actress Susan Shentall wins an Oscar bid for "Romeo and Juliet," wealthy hubby Phil Worth- Ington will reverse his anticareer stand and permit her to accept other film offers. Overheard at a movie queen's birthday party: 'It's a delightful party — what did your husband give you?" Star: "A dozen beautiful arguments." HOLLYWOOD Confucius' say: "They never come back after playing Tarzan." But Lex Barker's broken the jinx with a chance at swashbuckling — in clothes — in Duel on the Mississippi." Producer Joe Pasternak's admitting MGM is taking dramatic license with singer Ruth Etting's in "Love Me Or Leave Me." Highlights hit by the plot are true with other things changed and Joe explaining: "Sometimes you have to fictionalize the truth to make it sound this chance to make the contract. East, another criminal, should have played the ace of diamonds at the second trick. If South ruffed. East would later get the lead with a heart to push a diamond through leclarer. If South discarded a heart Instead of ruffing. East would lead i third diamond at once. South rauld ruff with the king, of course, jut West would refuse to overruft md would therefore get two trump .ricks eventually. truthful enough for people •« b«- lieve It." , Mary Pickford is telling friends she'll consent to "The Mary Pickford Story" only if Hollywood comes up with her counterpart, approved by her. There's been only one Mary in 50 years so I guess the oddi are about 9,000,000 to 1. TRUDY AND DICK SHERIDAN —she was once Steve Cochran's big moment as starlet Trudy Williams—are expecting the stork in May. There's movie interest in Shecky Greene, the gifted comic at th Least Fronlir In Vegas, who describes a well-known movie crooner this way: "He's so relaxed that you can smell It on his breath." CLOSEUPS AND LONGSHOTS: Frank Sinatra's demands for 50 per cent of the profits lost him the Humphrey Bogart role in a remake of "High Sierra." . . . Bing Crosby has promised to show up __t the Hollywood premiere of "The Country Girl"—his first premiere as far as I can remember, ... Mario Lanza's agents are offering him around for a radio show—old tapes and records with narration by Lanza. A new pay-as-you-see television system is about to be unveiled. Lou Costello is one of the financial backers. . . . Marilyn Monroe's dates with New York photographer Milton Greene were hush-hush until I linked them in print. Now they don't care. They were in the crowd at Gene Kelly's birthday party for his wife, Betsy Blair. New Show But Same Old Red By WAYNE OLIVER NEW YORK Ifl—CBS television bills it as the-new Red Skelton show at a new time but Skelton is the same old rubber-face Red. There are these differences from his previous shows this season: He has incorporated a story line, however thin, and guest stars—George Raft as the first. And at least temporarily missing are some of his old standby characterizations, such as Willie Lump-Lump. Clem Kiddiddlehopper. Cauliflower Mc- Pugg, Freddie the Freeloader and San Fernando Red. Also new are the Redheads, attractive dancing girl troupe. Basically, though, it's the same Red Skelton. which is enough for Skelton fans. The changes in format may attract viewers who were in the lukewarm category, but the change likely to help his ratings most is the move out of the old time spot Tuesday nights, where he was in competition with Milton Berle. to the new one opposite Circle Theater an hour and a half later. Just when Mickey Rooney appears to be bogged down with his Hay Mulligan on NBC, he gets back on track and provides a diverting show, if not a great one. His latest, as a would-be reporter who locates a missing millionaire, was hardly true to life but was .not so completely unbelievable as many of his earlier efforts. With NBC-TV's Home Show moving to San Pranclsco after a week's stand in Chicago, the network's Today and Tonight shows hit the road for telecasts from Miami Beach next Monday through Friday. Swiss Yodel Answer to Previous Puzzle ACROSS 1 Capital of Switzerland 6 Average 7 Age 8 Handle 11 Oleic acid ester 1 H Kicker UAbT'ff , 16 Abstract being T R R A A G M E H t 1 C D E E D ppr A D C A B M A R 1 D * E M E f E R £ p E T A, L W 1 *J '•i A L O H A 5 0 H E 9 T I T L 1 N E 5 N O T E t C \ C L E /, 1 g- A N e M O O R $ A M 0 C A D E N N U 1 V A r-4 5 H • 1 » E W M: 0 1 3 E D A L U 1 X N C £ A C fc 6 o a <i 6 C A, G ft H T u 5 E C 5.1 P S A L SI 26 Sea eagle 29 Excavation 30 Mast 17Mountainon 21 ^ omology ^Manuscripts 19 Reply (ab.) 20 Wishes for 24 Fortification 27 Venerate! 31 Vljilant 32 Fall In drop* 33 Jargon 34 Food from the' heavent 35 Perfumt 39 Pilot 40Fr« 42 Blackbird 4; itf 1 m th* moft Imposing mountains in th* world 4C Fniicb pHmt •rticlt 4tKnp 52 Form • notion 95 Turni «iid« '(ab.) 22 And (ft.) 23 Unruffled 24 Contest of speed 25 Notts In Guido'! seal* 28 Low haunti (ab.) 36 Symbol for neon 37 Social groups 38 Long fish 41 Sacred bull of Egypt 42 Nomad 43 Russian river 44 Roman road 46 Narrow way 47 Eternity (ab.) 48 Weights of India 50 Scottish aldw tree 51 Posse«iv» pronoun 53 Immenw ' 54 Comp*H point HFarm . bulldln* U Equtli DOWN IPtrtonto atnthuttutfc ardor S Corrlert fabrics 4Shortr.!r»p

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