Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana on December 29, 1957 · Page 28
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Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana · Page 28

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Sunday, December 29, 1957
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PAGE FOUR THE PHAROS-TRIBUNE and LOGANSPORT PRESS, LOGANSPORT, INDIANA SUNDAY, DECEMBER 29, Editorials... Public Interest In Mental Health There has been a great change in the public attitude toward mental patients in the past decade, a change which was reflected in the successful ward Christmas parties at the Logansport state hospital this week. Cass county showed a greater awareness this year than ever before of the needs of these unfortunate people who are unable to plead their own cause. The monetary value of the 1,083 gifts donated by Cass county citizens to assure that none of the patients would be forgotten, while sizeable, is negligible compared with the changed public attitude that they represent. Those gifts and the ward parties, the majority of which were sponsored by Cass county organizations, tell the patients more eloquently than could any words that someone is interested in their welfare; that someone wants them to get well. This realization may' be just the spark that is needed to start some of the Longcliff patients back Cn the long road to recovery from their illness. At least this much is certain: the old "Snake Pit" days are gone forever from mental hospitals. A public which is sufficiently interested in the welfare of patients to buy gifts and stage parties or them certainly will be sufficiently interested to make certain that they receive proper care and treatment so they can return to their normal places in society. Is Education Soft? What should be one's reaction when a man says that the public schools must get back to the three Rs and away from what he calls "the three Ts— typewriting, tap dancing and torn-foolery?" A fair answer seems to be that one's reaction ought to depend somewhat on who is making such remarks. As it happens, the "typewriting, tap dancing and torn-foolery" charge was not made by some disgruntled parent speaking with more emotion than information. If that were the case, one might shrug off the accusation as one more poorly grounded attack on the public school system. But the opinion mentioned above is that of a man distinguished in the fields of science and education. The man is Dr. Athelstan Spilhaus, dean of the University of Minnesota's Institute of Technology. His remarks were prompted by what he saw and heard during a recent trip to speak with fellow scientists in Europe, Asia and the Antarctic. In his opinion, the Russians' Sputnik "is just a symbol of our soft education." Dr. Spilhaus called for "a very serious re-examination of American educational purposes—by new people." He believes that the present leaders of education have failed to develop a system adequate to modern needs. He finds our schools "primarily concerned with social adjustment," and dislikes what he finds. It seems to him that we should "go back to fundamentals — such as mathematics, non-candy- coated history and science—and that we should even .expect students to learn English." He also would "take a hard look at what teachers know." We do not quote Dr. Spilhaus at such length because we believe that public schools are a failure. We focus this light on his remarks because it is important for Americans to think hard about what they want their educational system to be. George E. SOKOLSKY These Days The "(Population Bulletin" says that in four years, -the human population of the earth has increased by about 172,000,000 which is equal to the population of the United States: That is a heap of folks, born all over and they all have to be housed and clothed and fed, each to his likes and his tastes. And. each grows up thinking well of himself and his ancestry and his country as close t o perfect and looking down his nose at the rest of the human race for not being like him. Man grew slowly until the 17th century. Then he got all excited and between 1850 and 1950, the rate of increase became so rapid that it.doubled itself. The reason for the increase is the drop in the death rate. Medicine has overcome the killing effects of disease and even old age now comes later than it used to. A man in his 60's is today in his late middle age; two generations ago, he was a very old man. Even war, which takes more lives in this century than ever before, cannot overcome the life-saving efforts of medicine, public health, biochemistry and chemistry. We may not know how to live contentedly, at peace with ourselves, but we have learned how to postpone death. THERE CAN BE LITTLE question but that birth control, planned parenthood and late marriages are keeping the birth rate down in many parts of the world. Japan, for instance, which suffers direly from overpopulation, now has a lower birth rate. That country now permits abortions and sterilization for economic and social reasons. It will make an enormous difference in Japan's politics when that country, with only 20 per cent of its land arable, is no longer forced to import so much food and raw materials and to export people. The most competent people in Asia, the Japanese have faced the fact that their land is only 20 per cent arable. Puerto Rico's birth rate has declined, but that may be due to a most unusual phenomenon, namely that since 1946, huge numbers of Puerto' Ricans, in their most reproductive years, have migrated to the United States where they settle principally in large cities like New York and are slowly becoming customed to the American pattern of life. This migration has been so large that nearly one-third of the population of the Borough of Manhatten which is the heart of New York City is of Puerto Rican origin. Eventually, so large a Spanish cultured people must alter the social and political patterns of this city. INCREASING POPULATIONS in poor countries are explosive. Poverty produces discontent and therefore political problems. In countries of limited opportunities, the larger the population, the fewer the opportunities and the more WALTER WINCHELL On Broadway Th . now only too apparent areas, such as Indon- so-called anti^colonialism, nurtured in the United States, is only serving Soviet imperialism. As nations continue to be in a state on antagonism, even it not at war, there is a narrower dis- of surplus food of exchange of e _ " there are areas, States, where the lies, the dis- the Angelo PATRI Plan for Day When Child Leaves Home There comes a time in the lives of parents and children when they part company. The children are adults and must live as adults in homes of their own. The house that used to be so full of noise and ao tivity is very quiet. Nobody is singing in the bathroom; nobody is turning the knobs on the TV or the radio, and nobody is shouting, "When will dinner be ready? I'm starving." The place is filled with an empty silence. Tills is the time when parents reap the harvest of their days and ways with their children. If through the years they gradually withdrew their authority; if, as the children grew they let them know they loved and trusted them; if in time they slipped out of the heavy parent role and took over that of friend of the family; they will not be left desolate in their old age. To achieve such a relationship with children is not easy. In the beginning they are utterly dependent upon their parents for everything they need from food to guidance. Parents fall into the habit of thinking and doing for them so they do not notice that the children have grown to the place where they can help themselves a bit, think ahead a little and can be trusted to make a choice occasionally. This letting go of controls and stimulating children to be- as soon as pos- Drew PEARSON Washington Merry-Go-Round Drew Pearson Says: The world prepares lor war on anniversary of Him who preached peace; A- mcrican GI's are ready lor war, but work at peace; Is the Krem- finally ready for peace? ((Editor's Note: Drew Pearson, on a tour of U. S. bases in North Africa with the Harlem Globetrot- reports today on the dangers of pushbutton warfare.) NOUiASSEUlR. Morocco.--! have spent quite a few hours recently, flying over the dreary wastes of North Africa am the monotonou blue of the Atlan tic Ocean. There's! nothing to your attention the steady of airplane motors, and you have a chance to think. What you can't help thinking isi that the long trip President Eiser.-' hower book to Paris just before Christmas and this long trip to entertain American troops both would be unnecessary if the world were really working at the precepts and principles of Him whose birthday we have just celebrated. If we were, we wouldn't have to •bolster NATO, and 'American troops' could come You also can't help thinking that the folks back home are now sweeping up the tinsel, sorting out •the Christmas cards, and on the with a profusion of red and green The world has'bccn blessed with decoration., holly »«««". «J«the beautiful sounds of "Silent ial snow and tinsel. The eyebrow- Night" for over a century. The Wiiag aspect of the foregoing, classic chant was parcnted by Fa- Fewer than one-percent of Japan s ther Joseph Molir and a school- population celebrates Christaa* a* teacher name d flHQET?Hj a religious occasion. The priest and ^IVHr 1 The United States Post Office teacher, whoMf*t>>|^B believes in Santa. Article 140, dwelled in an Aus-Kjjtg ^21H Chapter VI, of the Post Office Man- trian village, * irst H^f|g!|s!.B ual specifically authorizes post- sang their cnrol »C*^W^I masters to deal with the Dear in church. since M|||lp/a| Santa correspondence. was out of order.BH M^fl^H n has been said that mistletoe they employed ihc ^mmjj^fM was invented merely to please only instruments^WJ^H^^Q elderly female relatives. That is they had: TwoHUBBBBi t) )e humorist's view—this is the voices and a guitar. Franz Grubcr historical origin: Mistletoe was later observed: "After all, ttie orgininally a symbol of good for- Lord can hear us without an or- tunc before it was esteemed as a «an." token of affection. The Druid priests of ancient Britain cut Dutch children believe St. Nich- branches of mistletoe from their olas drives a white horse. Conse- sacred trees with a golden knife quently they make their wooden and circulated them as good luck shoes spik-and-span and fill them charms, with oats and hay. In thc morning, What's luckier than a kiss? they wake to find their shoes Novelist Jan Strulhcr once brimming with toys and goodies, wrote: "There arc three way» of • , choosing Christmas presents for Ordinary mortals undergo a 14- others. The first is to choose day course before they are trans- something you think they would formed into Streetcorner Santas. like; (he second, something you Their classes include instruction would like yourself; the third, in grooming, fit conversation for something you think they ought children of all ages and tactful to have." ways to refuse to guard children Kris Kringle's chimney entrance while shoppers pick up last-minute and loading stockings with gifts gifts. are throwbacks to the fable that St. Nicholas once threw a purse Christmas in Spain has a fiesta down a chimney to save the virtue quality. During Tuletidc Week, lit- of two young ladies—whose father tie work is done. And here's some- planned to sell them to a leering He taught. At Paris our leadens thing un i que : In Spanish cities villain. (Hisssss!) talked about weapons for making a ur j n g the holiday, motorists leave jj 0 one knows exactly thc day or war. They didn't agree to talk a- foodj f ru jt s alu j w ; nc a l traffic the year of Christ's birth. It was bout negotiations for making peace posts {or u, e police to share. no t celebrated until four centuries •until forced into it by our Allies. ^^ ^ e ^^ In Washington, our leaders talk Martin Luther is supposed to about more money for missiles, j,ave ft rs |. j gn jt e d a Christmas tree Woodrow Wilson's logic: "The plus education to develop scien- about Il530i jje was anxious to best way to pr*. e the greatness of to develop more missiles; memor [ a iizc forever the stark and best way to prove the greatness of haunting beauty of winter star- Christianity is to try it." light. t' sts nothing for education for peace, GI's Work At Peace About the only people. I have met recently who are working for - Evergreens are used for Chrlst- Thc Dear Santa letters written rnas decorations because legend r are here in North Africa, by tots—and sent to the Post Of- has it that having evergreen in the where men drafted and trained fice—are answered in New York house destroys evil spirits and into fight war are sincerely work- by the Young Men's Philanthropic vites visits from good fairies. ing among North Africans for League, a midtown group of bus^ peace. They are ready to fight if inessmen. Last year, Santa's help- Ironically, a war 'helped Intro- comes, but they are working ers answered over 3,000 letters. duce the Christmas tree in this to prevent war. ' country. During the Revolutionary Back in Washington, meanwhile, Andre Maurois' holiday prayer: War, a Hessian brigade celebrated the defense department has adver- "Dear Lord, give mo good health, Christmas in the wilderness with tised for a death ray to kill foot an( j j w m take care of all the lighted trees—a relic of their home- soldiers at 500 yards. The Atomic rcs t." land. Energy Commission is experimenting with a fertilizer to nullify the The ultimate in the do-it-your- in Scandinavia, candles were poisoning of the earth by H-bombs. so if piienonmenon has been reach- placed on the family Yule cake The weather control advisory com- e( j There are now do-it-yourself and blown out for good luck — mittee warns that Russiia may j^ts f or children—with instructions hence our lighted birthday cakes. be able to put us out of commis- on j low ^ repair their broken toys. sion by controlling the weather. The advent of the holiday is pro- The chemical warfare service English schoolboys created the claimed in England with bells has a nerve gas, odorless and in- fil . st . Christmas cards. Before the ding-donging throughout thc land. visible, that can paralyze the^ ner- holidays, the students wrote ex- vous system and turn its victim p ress j ons o f good will to their St. Nicholas was not jnly the jo- into a stark, raving maniac. The t eac ) iers to demonstrate their pen- vial patron saint of children, he armed services have bacteriologi- mans i,;p. The cards were decor- rlro befriended b.<k.'jel'r girls. In- cal warfare germs stockpiled which ated ] a ' v jshly with scrolls and cidentally, the three golden balls could wipe out the cattle popula- drawn p j c t ur es The Christmas of our pawnship represent the tion of most of the world and des- card business is now a multi-mil- dowries he provided for poor but troy most of its crops. Russia, it .. J ollar industry. • marriageable maidens, must be assumed, has similar wea- i « m - uuu « 11 *_ poris. ' Christopher Morley jingled: The spirit of Christmas has been The Gaither committee warns "'"*"»i" L ' ' ^ „ * ,„ „ that to protect warfare we must spend half our "7 "_•^"bm oftfte world rans" tome: "Are you willing to forget national budget digging bombproof, ^ ™ C ^^™"1;«. to what you have done for other mttee warns , Christmas eloquently expressed in Henry van 'T.J °™£ Eve and Christmas Day the stupid, Dyke's "Six Days of thc Week'; .Xmboroof harsh mechanism of the world runs tome: "Are you willi- f rfnrt£ wl down and we permit ourselves to what you have done f< «wascpr«K sneue™ 10 do the job accordin g to untrammeled P'e, and to remember adequately we would have to spend '»vc a** 0 ™' * HIIC onqucrable Pe»P>c Have done for much of our time just digging, ""'"™"" s ™/ c ' „/" ,p" q norc what the world o ViA/>/vma Tinman rnhlAC nrPJnfll*** in GlllCICncy Ul guuu »m. it.i-.t_ t._A become human moles, prepare m " * '"* ^ co- QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS Hindus had only nine elements, feeding themselves. The only the figures 1 to 9. It was not exchange that ever functioned suc- until the 800's that the Arabs cessfully over a period of-years is oame to use 0 or zero as a sym- a commercial exchange and this There are unfortunate parents spree of the year, but whose whole who cannot let go of their children, life was dedicated not to luxury, They want to live again in the but., simplicity; not to hate, but skins of their children so they love; not to war, but peace. peo- (o remember what other •r you; to ig- owes you »nd to think what you owe the world; Thc royalties from Bing's re- *o put your right, in the back- ording of "Silent Night" and g™un« ; =»"> y«« duties in the mid- Adeste Fidelis" all go to charities, die distance, and your chances to do a little more than your duty In Children capsuled St. Nicholas' «'« foreground; to see that your .wujiu^ a. ri*.,*.'..-•-. ..--. • • „ , ., c n _ n . fellow men are just M real as ile, Gen. Tom Powers, name to 1* Oaus and the Span J ider of the Strategic Air i* switched Saint to Santa. tllc!r faccs to thcJlr hcart , t huBgry in the next war should consider a Meanwhile, commander that •SAC New or the 01 A—It is not known when corn Q— A—Boone died in oped at least 2,000 years ago his remains and those of his somewhere in the. New World, wife were moved to Frankfort, No one in the Old World knew Ky.. in 1845. well as political problems which now face all natibns, including the United States. Bulletin" quotes Dr. Kingsley Davis, Professor of soc iology and social institutions at the University of California, to * * • Texas? Q—How early did the zero be- A—The bluebonnet, come a part of the Arabic sys- * * * tem of numerals? Q—What was the maiden name A—The ancient system of nu- »i Priscilla Alden? merals used by the Arabs and A—iMullens. CARNIVAL "You'd be a lot more help, Mom, if you'd get back ther* and givt Pop the oommtrotaU" mul- unanticipated and unexampled in history, clearly cannot continue indefinitely. It would give us nearly 6,000,000,000 by the end of this century and nearly 13,000,000,000 by the year 2050. How this growth is eventually stopped, and when, will play a tremendous role in human destiny." • . But suppose it is not stopped at all? Suppose, in fact, his figures turn out to be minimal, what then? We may reach the point of being unable to feed the human race adequately anywhere, just as in some parts of China and India, overpopulation means hunger in •apparently rich argieultural areas. THE SUNDAY PHAROS - TRIBUNE and LOGANSPORT PRESS Published each Sunday by th» Pharos-Tribuno ana Press, 617 E. Broadway, Losansport, Indiana, Entered as second class mall at the Postoffice at Logansport, Indiana, under tho act of March 8, 1S79. The Pharos-Trlbune-est. 1841 The Press-est. 1921 Tha Sunday Pharos-Tribune and Losansport Press, lOo per copy. The Pharos-Tribuno, evenings and Sunday. 35o per week bv carrier. The Loeransport Press, mornings and Sunday. 35o per week by carrier. The Pharos-Tribune, the IvO- sansport Press, and the Sunday Pharos-Tribune and Logansport Press. 65o"per week by carrier. By mall on rural routes In Cass, Carroll. Pulton, Pulaski, Miami and White counties, each paper $10.00 per year. Outsldo trading area and within Indiana, J1LOO ,per year: outside Indiana, JIB.DO per year. All mail subscriptions payable In advance. No mail subscriptions sold wh»re carrier service is maintained. . . 100 114 National Advertising Representatives: Inland Newspaper R»pre»«nt»tlv«» use it by making them beg for it: although they well know it is a necessity. They insist upon treat- adolescent boy iors in secondary school sometimes as they did when they were six and seven. This is the one best way to create adult children. The best way to make friends of the children for all time is to understand that they are a loan that is called in early, and be prepared for doing what 'their growth demands—losing them. While fathers and mothers are completely absorbed in the problems of daily living with a group All this is something to think about. But can we do anything about it? I doubt it very much. Here is another unsolvable problem. . H-bombs. icnce is not .what you are going to gel out of life, but what you are going to give to life; to close * 8 sympathetic understanding be i-oomos. tween. peoples such as that which complaints against Thus we concentrate on the exists between the American and ^ man cmcnt J the „„,* exact opposite of the teachings Canadian people cannot be des- an(J , o()h around for • JJC WU11UC1. 15U Ob win*i, HJ^J .in •- *" the moment and have no thought of years ahead. Yet that thought is essential because it guides the -, • . -- . . , , «»» .*™« AIVU*, U jw* *i» •> pim^ 2?L- «..^ ?*L°3 gLToui 0 ;Xe? g?y S e ^hfs is not easy, but it can be TS&ZXX 5WTt the friendships of years ahead, in the days when the grasshopper is a burden, depends. An easy way to learn multiplication tables has been devised by Dr. Patri. If your child needs help in this direction, Dr. Patri's leaflet P-5, "Trouble With Number Tables," will help him. To obtain a copy, send 10 cents in coin to him, c/o this paper, P, O. Box 99, Station G, New York 19, N. Y. (Released by The Bell. Syndicate, Inc.) service — The Wrong Button sian embassy in Washington nas Suppose someone pushes the shown itself much more amenable „ wrong button? Suppose some trig- to people-to-people friendship than • • . gerhappy upstart gives the wrong the State Department. We have command? Who 'can ever undo talked big about the Iron Curtain ^iquor And Gasoline that first 15 minutes of holocaust done little to take advantage of MONTPELIER, Vt. - William unleashed on the world? How can the fact that it has been lowered. McKee, highway safety coordina- it ever be explained that it was If our leaders .in Washington tor and secretary of the Emer- all a mistake? work at peace with half the dedi- gency Highway _ Council, said The other day at Cape Cana- cation of some of our military drinking was "directly involved" veral a missile expert pushed the men in North Africa, the great in 36 per cent of the 90 fatal mo- wrong button in firing the Snark. goal of Him whose birthday we tor accidents in the state so far The other day, also, two wires got commemorate can be achieved. this year. crossed on the Thor. It appeared LAFF-A-DAY 1 / / « 1MT, KINO rtATUREC SYNDICATE. "Mom, I'm bringing * girl horn* to be going toward Orlando, Fla.; was destroyed. Suppose someone less responsible in a future Soviet missile base in Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, or on one of our to-be-built missile bases in West Europe accidentally pushes the wrong button, or deliberately pushes the right button? Where is the world after that? Visiting these North American bases, our most advanced positions against Moscow, you get the impression that the world has reached a military .deadlock out of .which; at long last, may come peace. You feel that the weapons of war have become so awesome 'that the only alternative is peace. When Charles Bohlen, our ablest envoy to Russia, was in Moscow, he reported that in his opinion the Kremlin wanted no war, realized that modern war would leave no side the winner, might mean the end of civilization. Other American observers have .reported likewise. William Randolph. Hearst, Jr., vigorous battler against Communism, reports that the Russian people do want peace. Our problem therefore is to get gome kind og guarantee of peace. Treaties with the Kremlin can become icesft of paper. But a HUBERT '^, W7, King FMMMI Syndioti, tin., tl.vU ri "I see it, Soa-in-lew! The ski lift of tbout *«*•*»

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