Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana on December 29, 1957 · Page 4
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Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana · Page 4

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Logansport, Indiana
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Sunday, December 29, 1957
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PAGE FOUB THE PHAROS-TRIBUNE and LOGANSPORT PRESS, LOGANSPORT, INDIANA SUNDAY, DECEMBER 29, MST. Editorials... Public Interest In Mental Health There has been a great change in the public attitude toward mental patients in the past decade, a change which was reflected in the successful ward Christmas parties at the Logansport state hospital this week. Cass county showed a greater awareness this year than ever before of the needs of these unfortunate people who are unable to plead their own cause. The monetary value of the 1,083 gifts donated by Cass county citizens to assure that none of the patients would be forgotten, while sizeable, is negligible compared with the changed public attitude that they represent. Those gifts and the ward parties, the majority of which were sponsored by Cass county organizations, tell the patients more eloquently than could any words that someone is interested in their welfare; that someone wants them to get well. This realization may be just the spark that is needed to start some of the Longcliff patients back on the long road to recovery from their illness. At least this much is certain: the old "Snake Pit" days are gone forever from mental hospitals. A public which is sufficiently interested in the welfare of patients to buy gifts and stage parties or them certainly will be sufficiently interested to make certain that they receive proper care and treatment so they can return to their normal places in society. Is Education Soft? What should be one's reaction when a man says that the public schools must get back to the three Es and away from what he calls "the three Ts—• typewriting, tap dancing and torn-foolery?" A fair answer seems to be that one's reaction ought to depend somewhat on who is making such remarks. As it happens, the "typewriting, tap dancing and torn-foolery" charge was not made by some disgruntled parent speaking' with more emotion than information. If that were the case, one might shrug off the accusation as one more poorly grounded attack on the public school system. But the opinion mentioned above is that of a man distinguished in the fields of science and education. The man is Dr. Athelstan Spilhaus, dean of the University of Minnesota's Institute of Technology. His remarks were prompted by what he saw and heard during, a recent trip to speak with fellow scientists in Europe, Asia and the Antarctic. In his opinion, the Russians' Sputnik "is just a symbol of our soft education." Dr. Spilhaus called for "a very serious re-examination of American educational purposes—by new people." He believes that the present leaders of education have failed to develop a system adequate to modern needs. He finds our schools "primarily.con- cerned with social adjustment," and dislikes what he.finds. It seems to him that we should "go back to fundamentals — such as mathematics,, non-candy- coated history and science—and that we should even expect students to learn English." He also would "take a hard look at what- teachers know." We do not quote Dr. Spilhaus at such length because we believe that public schools are a failure. We focus this light on his remarks because it is important for Americans to think hard about what they want their educational system to be. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS Q—Was corn developed in the New or the Old World? A—It is not known when corn was found for the first time, but it is clear that corn was developed at least 2,000 years ago somewhere in the New World. No one in the Old World knew Bboiit cora before Columbus' voyage. * * * Q—How early d ; d the zero become a part of the Arabic system of numerals? A—The ancient system of numerals used by the Arabs and Hindus had only nine elements, the figures 1 to 9. It was not until the 800's that the Arabs came to use 0 or zero as a symbol for no thing or no number. * * * Q_Where is Daniel Boone buried? A—Boone died in Missouri, but his remains and those of his wife were moved to Frankfort, Ky.. in 1845. * * * Q—What is the state flower of Texas? A—The bluebonnet. * * * Q—What was the maiden name of Priscilla Alde.i? A—Mullens. CARNIVAL "You'd be a Jot more help, Mom, if you'd get back there and give Pop the commercial!" George E. SOKOLSKY These Days The "Population Bulletin" says that in four years, the human population of the earth has increased by about 172,000,000 which is equal to the population of the United States. That is a heap of folks, born all over and they all have to be housed and clothed and fed, each to his likes and his tastes. And each grows up thinking well of himself and his ancestry and his country as close t o perfect and looking down his nose at the rest of the human race for not being like him. Man grew slowly until the 17th century. Then he got all excited and between 1850 and 1950, the rate of increase became so rapid that it doubled itself. The reason for the increase is the drop in the death rate. Medicine has overcome the killing'effects of disease and even old age now comes later than it used to. A man in his 60's is today in'his late.middle age; two generations ago, he was a very old man. Even war, which takes more lives in this century than ever before, cannot overcome the life-saving efforts of medicine, public health, biochemistry and •chemistry. We may not know how to live contentedly, at peace with ourselves, but we have learned how to postpone death. THERE CAN BE LITTLE question but that birth control, planned parenthood and late marriages are keeping the birth rate down . in many parts of the world. Japan, for instance, which suffers direly from overpopulation, now has a lower birth rate. That country now permits abortions and sterilization for economic and social reasons. It will make an enormous difference in Japan's politics when that country, with only 20 per cent of its land arable, is no longer forc- ' ed to import so much food and raw materials and to export people. The mosy competent people in Asia, the Japanese have faced the fact that their land is only 20 per cent arable. Puerto Rico's birth rate has declined, but that may be due to a most unusual phenomenon, namely that since 1946, huge numbers of Puerto Ricans, in their most reproductive years, have migrated to the United States where they settle principally in large cities like New York and are slowly becoming customed to the American pattern of life. This migration has been so large that nearly one-third of the population of the Borough of Marinatter. which is the heart of New York City is of Puerto Rican origin. Eventually, so large a Spanish cultured people must alter •the social and political patterns of this city. INCREASING POPULATIONS in poor countries are explosive. Poverty produces discontent and therefore political problems. In countries of limited opportunities, the larger the population, the fewer the opportunities and the more dangerous the political situation. This is now only too apparent in Asiatic areas, such as Indonesia, where so-called anti-colonialism, nurtured in the United States, is only serving Soviet imperialism. As nations continue to be in a state on antagonism, efven if not at war, there is a narrower distribution of surplus food supplies. The means of exchange and the methods of exchange being disturbed, there are areas, like the United States, where the surpluses are so large that they are stockpiled or destroyed and other areas which find no way of adequately feeding themselves. The only free exchange that ever functioned successfully over a period of years is a commercial exchange and this is becoming not easier but more difficult because of currency as well as political problems which now face all nations, including the United States. "Population Bulletin" quotes Dr. Kingsley Davis, Professor of sociology and social institutions at the University of California, to this effect: "THIS EXPLOSIVE human multiplication, unanticipated and unexampled in history, clearly cannot continue indefinitely. It would give us nearly 6,000,000,000 by the end of this century and nearly 1-3.000,000,000 by the year 2050. How this growth is eventually stopped, and when, will play a tremendous role in human destiny." But suppose it is not stopped at all? Suppose, in fact, his figures turn out to be minimal, what then? We may reach the point of being unable to feed the human race adequately anywhere, just as- in some parts of China and India, overpopulation means hunger in, apparently rich argicultural areas. THE SUNDAY PHAROS - TRIBUNE and LOGANSPORT PRESS Published eath Sunday by tho Pharos-Tribune and Press, 517 E. Broadway. Logansport, Indiana. Entered as second class mail a,t the Postoffico at Logansport, Indiana, under the act of March 8. 1S79. The Pharos-Tribune-est. 1S44 The Press-est; 1921, The Sunday Pharos-Tribune and Log-ansport Press, lOc per copy. The Pharos-Tribune, evening's and Sunday. 35c Der week bv carrier. The Logansport Press, mornlng-s and Sunday, 35c per week by carrier. The Pharos-Tribune, the Ix>- fansport Press, and the Sunday haros-Tribune and Losans-port Press, 65c per week by carrier. By mail on rural routes In Cass, Carroll, Pulton, Pulaslci, Miami and White counties,, each paper $10.00 per year. Outside trading area and within Indiana, $11.00 per year; outside Indiana, §18.00 per' year. All mall subscriptions payable In advance. No mail subscriptions sold where carrier service Is maintained. 106 114 National Advertising Representatives: Inland Newspaper Representative* WALTER WINCHELL On Broadway Holiday Tinsel The world has been blessed with the beautiful sounds of "Silent Night" for over a century. The classic chant was parented by Father Joseph Mohr and a schoolteacher named! Franz Gruber. The priest and teacher, who dwelled in an Austrian village, first sang their carol| in church. Sinci the church organ] was out of order,] they employed thi only instruments! they had: Two! voices and a guitar. Franz Gruber later observed: "After all, the Lord can hear us without an organ." and shopping centers are brlglit with a profusion of red and green decoration., holly wreaths, artif- iat snow and tinsel. The eyebrow- lilting aspect of the foregoing: Fewer than one-percent of Japan's population celebrates Christmas u a religious occasion. The United States Post Office believes in Santa. Article 140, Chapter VI, of the Post Office Manual specifically authorizes postmasters to deal with the bear Santa correspondence. Dutch children believe St. Nicholas drives a white horse. Consequently they make their wooden shoes spik-and-span and fill them with oats and hay. In the morning, they wake to find their shoes brimming with toys and. goodies. Ordinary mortals undergo a 14- day course before they are transformed into Streetcorner Santas. Their classes include instruction in grooming, fit conversation for children of all ages and tactful ways to refuse to guard children while shoppers pick up last-minute gifts. Angelo PATRI Plan for Day When Child Leaves Home There comes a time in the lives of parents and children when they part company. The children are adults and' must live as adults in homes of their own. The house that used to be so full of noise and activity is very quiet. Nobody is singing in the bathroom; nobody is turning the knobs on the TV or the radio, and nobody is shouting, "When will dinner be ready? I'm starving," The place is filled with an empty silence. This is the time when parents reap the harvest of their days and ways with their children. If through the years they gradually withdrew their authority; jf, as the children grew they let them know they loved and trusted them; if in time they slipped out of the heavy parent role and took over that of friend of the family; they will not be left desolate in their old age. To achieve such a relationship with children is not easy. In the beginning they are utterly dependent upon their parents for everything they need from food to guidance. Parents fall into the habit o£ thinking and doing for them so they do not notice that the children have grown to the place where they can help themselves a bit, think ahead a little and can be trusted to make a choice occasionally. This letting go of controls and stimulating children to become independent as soon as possible in as many ways as possible lays the foundation for lasting cooperation 1 and friendship. There are unfortunate parents who cannot let go of their children. They want to live again in the skins of their children so they hold on to money that they-should use and let the children learn to use it by making them beg for it although they well know it is a necessity. They'insist upon treating an adolescent boy or girl, seniors in secondary school sometimes as they did when they were six and seven. This is the one best way to create strangers of their adult children. The best way to make friends of the children for all time is to understand that they are a loan that is called in early, ahd'be prepared for doing what their growth demands—losing them. While fathers and mothers are completely absorbed in the problems of daily living with a group AE. this is something to think about. But can we do anything about it? I doubt it very much. Here is another unsolvable problem. Drew PEARSON Washington Merry-Go-Round Drew Pearson Says: The world prepares for war on anniversary of Him who prfeached peace; American GI's are ready for war, but work at peace; Is the Kremlin finally ready for peace? (Editor's Note: Drew Pearson, on a tour of U. S. bases in North Africa with the Harlem Globetrotters, reports today on the dangers of pushbutton warfare.) NOUASSEUH. Morocco.—-I have spent quite a few hours recently, flying over the dreary wastes of North Africa and the monotonous blue of the Atlantic Ocean. There's nothing to divert your attention but the steady dronej of airplane ino-| tors, and you •have a chance to think. What you can't help thinking is that the long trip! President Eisenhower took to Paris just before Christmas and this long trip to entertain American troops both would be unnecessary if the world were really working at the precepts and principles of Him whose birthday we have just celebrated. If we were, we wouldn't have to bolster NATO, and American troops could come home. You also can't help thinking that the folks back home are now sweeping up the tinsel, sorting out the Christmas cards, and on the whole not worrying too much about the man who gives us the excuse for the greatest shopping spree of the year, but whose whole life was dedicated not to luxury, but simplicity; not to hate, but love; not to war, but peace. Yet today all our emphasis is aimed at just the opposite of what of growing youngsters it is not to be wondered at that they live in the moment and have no thought of years ahead. Yet that thought is essential because it guides the ways of a parent with a child. On the way that thought is activated in daily association with children the friendships of years ahead, in the days when the grasshopper is a burden, depends. An easy way to learn multiplication tables lias been devised by Dr. Patri. If your child needs help fn this direction, Dr. Patri's leaflet P-5, "Trouble With Number Tables," will help him. To obtain a copy, send 10 cents in coin to him, c/o this paper, P. O. Box 99, Station G, New York 19, N. Y. (Released by The Bell Syndicate, Inc.) LAFF-A-DAY & 1M7. KIKO FIAIUBES SYNDICATE; Jr*. WORLD RIGHTS RCSEXV1IX "Mom, I'm bringing & girl home for dinne*" He taught. At Paris our leaders talked about weapons for making •war. They didn't agree to talk about negotiations for making peace until forced into it by our Allies. In Washington, our leaders talk about more money for missiles, plus education to develop scientists to develop more missiles; nothing for education for peace. GI's Work At Peace About the only people I have met recently who are working for peace are here in North Africa, where men drafted and trained to fight war are sincerely working among North Africans for peace. They are ready to fight if war comes, but they are working hard to prevent war. Back in Washington, meanwhile, the defense department has advertised for a death ray to kill foot soldiers at 500 yards. The Atomic Energy Commission is experimenting with -a fertilizer to nullify the poisoning of the earth by H-bombs. The weather control advisory committee warns that Russiia may be able to put us out of commission by controlling the weather. The chemical warfare service has a nerve gas, odorless and invisible, that can paralyze the nervous system and turn its victim into a stark, raving maniac. The armed services have bacteriological warfare germs stockpiled-which could wipe out the cattle population of most of the world and destroy most of its crops. Russia, it must be assumed, has similar weapons. The Gaither committee warns that to protect us from atomic warfare we must spend half our national budget digging bombproof, Wastproof shelters. To: do the job adequately we would have to spend much of our time just digging, become human moles, prepare in time of war to live completely underground. The Gaither report also hints that because he who strikes first in the next war would win, we should consider a preventive war. Meanwhile, ' Gen. Tom Powers, commander of the Strategic Air Command, states that l.COO SAC bombers are loaded with H-bombs ready to take the offensive in 15 minutes, some of them constantly cruising in the air, loaded with H-bombs. Thus we concentrate on the exact opposite of the teachings of Him to whom we pay such glamorous, sometimes gaudy lip- service on His birthday this week. The Wrong Button Suppose someone pushes the wrong button? Suppose some trig- gerhappy upstart gives the wrong command? Who can" ever undo that first 15 minutes of holocaust unleashed on the world? How can it ever be explained that it was all a mistake? The other day at Cape Canaveral a missile expert pushed the wrong button in firing the Snark. The other day, also, two wires got crossed on the Thor. It appeared to be going toward Orlando, Fla.; was destroyed. Suppose someone less responsible in a future Soviet missile base in Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, or on one of our to-be-built missile bases in West Europe accidentally pushes the wrong button, or deliberately pushes the right button? Where is the world after that? Visiting these North American bases, our most advanced positions against Moscow, you get the impression that the world has reached a military deadlock out of which, at long last, may come peace. You feel that the weapons of war have become so awesome that the only alternative is peace. When Charles Bohlen, our ablest envoy to Russia, was in Moscow, he reported that in his opinion the Kremlin wanted no war, realized that modern war would leave no side the winner, might mean the end of civilization. Other American observers have reported likewise. William Randolph Hearst, Jr., vigorous battler against Communism, reports that the Russian people do want peace. Our problem therefore is to get some kind og guarantee of peace. Treaties with the Kremlin can become scraps of paper. But a Christmas in Spain has a fiesta quality. During Yuletide Week, little work is done. And here's some- tiling unique: In Spanish cities during the holiday, motorists leave food, fruits and wine at traffic posts for the police to share. Martin Luther is supposed to have first'ignited a Christmas tree about 1530. He was anxious to memorialize forever the stark and haunting beauty of winter starlight. It has been said that mistleto* was invented merely to please elderly female relatives. That is the humorist's view—this is the historical origin: Mistletoe was orgininally a symbol of good fortune before it was esteemed as a token of affection. The Druid priests of ancient Britain cut branches of mistletoe from then- sacred trees with a golden knife snd circulated them as good luck charms. What's luckier than a kiss? Novelist Jan Struther once wrote: "There are three ways of choosing Christmas presents for oihers. The first is to choose something you think they would like; the second, something you would like yourself; the third, something you think they ought to have." Kris Kringle's chimney entrance and loading stockings with gifts are throwbacks to the fable that St. Nicholas once threw a purse down a chimney to save the virtue of two young ladies—whose fattier planned to sell them to a leering v'lain. (Hisssss!) No one knows exactly the day or the year of Christ's birth. It was not celebrated until four centuries after he died. Woodrow Wilson's logic: "The best way to pr>. • e the greatness of best way to prove the greatness of Christianity is to try it." The Dear Santa letters written by tots—and sent to the Post Office—are answered in -'Xew York by the Young Men's Philanthropic League, a midtown group of businessmen. Last year, Santa's helpers answered over 3,000 letters. Evergreens are used for Christmas decorations because legend has it that having evergreen in the house destroys evil spirits and invites visits from good fairies. Andre Maurois" holiday prayer: "Dear Lord, give me good health, and I will take care of all the rest." Ironically, a war helped introduce the Christmas tree in this country. During the Revolutionary War, a Hessian brigade celebrated Christmas in the wilderness with lighted trees—a relic of their homeland. The ultimate in the do-it-yourself phenonmenon has been reached. There are now do-it-yourself kits for children—with instructions on how to repair their broken toys. English schoolboys created the first Christmas cards. Before the holidays, the students wrote expressions of good will to their teachers to demonstrate their penmanship. The cards were decorated lavishly with scrolls and drawn pictures. The Christmas card business is now a multi-million-dollar industry. In Scandinavia, candles were placed on the family Yule cake and blown out for good luck — hence our lighted birthday cakes. The advent of the holiday is proclaimed in England with bells ding-donging throughout the land. St. Nicholas was not snly the jovial patron saint of children, he rko befriended bao'jei'-r girls. Incidentally, the three golden balls of our pawnship represent the dowries he provided for poor but marriageable maidens. Christopher Morley jingled: The spirit of Christmas has been "Just for a few hours on Christmas eloquently expressed in Henry Tan Eve and Christmas Day the stupid, Dyke's "Six Days of the Week" harsh mechanism of the world runs tome: "Are you willing to forget down and we permit ourselves to what you have done for other peo- live according to untrammcled P'e, and Jo remember what other common sense, the unconquerable people have done for you; to ig- efficicncy of good will." nore ™ hat th e world owes you and _ to think what yon owe the world; The royalties from Sing's re- *° P«* your rights in the back- cording of "Silent Night" and ground, and your duties in the mid"Adeste Fidelis" all go to charities. dle distance, and your chances to _ do a little more than your duty in Children capsuled St. Nicholas' tlle foreground; to see that your name to "Ni Klaus" and. the Span- fell<w men a™ Jus' as real as ish switched "Saint" to "Santa." y° u are . an <l try to look behind _ their faces to their hearts, hungry for iw- io « wn ">»* probably the reas <"> *»r your exis- ..Christmas is as popular as suki- yeki in Japan. Tokyo's streets tence is not what you are going the management of the universe, and look around you lor a place where you can sow a fei Canadian people cannot be destroyed. This is not easy, but it can be . accomplished. Recently the Rus- ° f happiness-are you willing to sian embassy in Washington has do «'«e things even for a^day? shown itself much more amenable to people-to-people friendship than the State Department. We have talked big about the Iron Curtain, done little to take advantage of Then mas." can kee P chnst ' Liquor And Gasoline MONTPELIER, Vt. — William the fact that it has been lowered. McKee, highway safely coordina- If our leaders in Washington tor and secretary of the Emer- work at peace with haK the dedi- gency Highway Council, said cation of some of our military drinking was "directly involved" men in North Africa, the great in 36 per cent of the 90 fatal mo- goal of Him whose birthday we tor accidents' in the state 30 far commemorate can be achieved. this year. HUBERT '© 19J7, King Fahira Syndicate, Inc., Woild rigto ttxnci? \ "I see it, Son-in-law! The ski lift « 'about a quarter of » mi*

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