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THE •HAROS-TRIBUNI PKOOIAM IFOR tOQ ANSPORT 1. An Adequate Civic Center 2. An Adequate Sewage Ditpotal SyittM 3. Suff;inn» Partial Facilitl.i The Idle Farms Plan Secretary of Agriculture Benson has undertaken a rather 'dramatic new approach to the problem of holding back farm production to keep it more in line with consumer demand. In four states— • Nebraska," Illinois, Tennessee and Maine —farmers will be invited to take whole farms out of production for 5 to 10 years at federal expense. The experiment may be applied nationally if results are encouraging. The new plan is in reality a broaden- 1 Ing of the soil bank conservation reserve authorized by Congress last year. The fact that it is being trjed reflects the administration's desire to put more and more emphasis on long-range efforts to take farm land out of production. Removing entire farms from the picture has one outstanding advantage over • the earlier method of permitting farmers to retire part of'their cropland. Under that system, farmers'very often simply produced more on the remaining acreage and thus defeated the program's main objective. Whether the whole-farm removal program should be applied nationally is a question' that calls for careful thought. Some' of its consequences might not be desirable. In any case, reaction to the plan will be closely watched by Congress and by all concerned with hewing out a new and workable farm program. Presidential Record A good idea, strangely overlooked hitherto, • is advanced by former President Truman. He notes that a congressman's most trivial observation, even a poem which may have no special bearing on any public question, is printed in the Congressional Record. Truman asks: What about the president's speeches and messages? A few newspapers print them in their entirety. The great majority only'sum- marize them, with quotations of passages considered important. The result may or may not give an accurate idea of the president's thought. Trurnan suggests; an official publication which would print in full all the president's public utterances, as well as his messages. This would present the administrative record correctly and without abridgment. It would also establish a publication whose files would be well worth keeping. The Tax Foundation reports that hidden taxes take half the price of a package of cigarets, approximately 90 cents on a quart of liquor and $800 on a medium-priced automobile. That come:; out of what is left after paying unhidden taxes. Some animal'lovers disturbed by the cruelty of putting a dog in a satellite have expressed their views whila out hunting for sport. IN THE PAST One Year Ago The Chamber of Commerce planned a clean-up and beautification program for the city in the spring. Testimony at a coroner's inquest indicated that a loose board had caused the fatal fall of i Everett England from the new Municipal light plant. A son was born at St. Joseph's hospital to Mr. and Mrs, Elvin Angle, 316 Twenty-first street. Mrs. Ella M. Smyser, 86, o£ 1631 East Broadway, died at Memorial hospital after a long illness. Ten Years Ago John Master, 23, and Wilrr.a Jean Winter, 18, were killed instantly near Winamac when their car struck a tree. About 900 persons attended the Fulton county 4-H Achievement Day parade at Rochester. Grade school pupils planned to sing carols in the downtown shopping area during the Christmas season. A son was born to Mr. and Mrs. Eufus Moore, 811 Wilkinson street, at Memorial hospital. Samuel H. Shaffer. 84, of 1617 East Broadway, died at St. Joseph's hospital. Drew Pearson's MERRY-CO-ROUND HAD GUN/WILL TRAVEL Monday Evening, December. 16, 1957. Drew Pearson Says: President Eisenhower's greatest gamble; Hazards of 1957 invasion -more difficult than Ike's 1944 invasion; Ike is ready to die -with boots on. WASHINGTON—President Eisenhower today begins the' greatest gamble of his life. 1 Thirteen years ago he took another great gamble , when he . ordered lAlliedforces 1 across the channel I into exactly the 1 same area he is ] invading today. That was con- jsidered one of the 1 greatest invasions I at all time. But :he gamble Ihis veek is more clan- jerous. When he invad- 1 ed France, June 6, 1944, General Eisenhower had spent months buildini; up a massive attack force. It had been planned by the best men in the American Army and Navy. Furthermore, it was not his decision. So if he failed, those in the high command, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill, would take the blame. 'Furthermore, he did not sail hi the vanguard of the attacking fleet. He remained in supreme headquarters in England until it was known 1 that the invasion would be successful. This time, however, Dwight D. Eisenhower must take full respon. sibility for failure. This time he sails in the vanguard. This time he is on hand to struggle with the initial holding forces. This time preparations have been almost nil, no great body of experts prepared the preliminary plans. Only one cabinet officer went in advance to scout hostile territory. Eisenhower himself was ill, did. not prepare to head this invasion until the very end. Nevertheless, he invades in order to hold secure that which he conquered 13 years ago. It is a heroic gamble taken with the courage of an old soldier. Old Soldier's Fatalism As an old soldier, Dwight D. Eisenhower has decided to die with his boots on. There is no question of his courage. Some diplomats do question his wisdom. They have* learned of a remark made to his doctors and associates: "I -am ready to do whatever the fellows want rne to do;" However, it's .the job of a President not to be ordered into battle but to order others;. It's the job of a President not to do what the fellows want him to do, but to tell the fellows what they should do. What Dwight D. Eisenhower plans to use as his chief weapon is his charm, his ability to persuade, his contagious smile, his knack of winning friends, his persuasive power to make people do what he wants them to do. This is what he will throw in the battle against the trained diplomats, the politicians, and the prejudices of Europe. He looks upon the NATO conference as a sort of political revival meeting with himself as a Statesmanlike Billy Graham. He will use these spiritual, though somewhat old-fashioned weapons ,at a time when Khrushchev and Bul- ganin have scored their, greatest scientific victories and offered some very real concessions to the West. The Hedgerows of 1957 The odds against Dwight D. Eisenhower in this, his second invasion of Europe, are terrific. They are worse than the Hedgerows of Normandy which protected Nazi troops in 1944. Here are some of them: L.Thc Continental Natios are increasingly suspicious of the Anglo-American Alliance. West Germany, France, Belguim feel that they are the tail of the American- British dog; that they will merely be i!he targets if Russia attacks Missile Bases, with no control over when the missiles shall be fired. 2. There's increasing difficulty between England and Germany, Britian wants payments from Germany for the cost of her troops in Germany. Germany considers " these' payments much too high. Basically, the trouble runs even deeper. Germany Is now the most prosperous country . in Europe. Its people worry about the possibility of Russian Missile Bases just a few miles away in Poland. They also want -the unification of Germany. They figure they can't get it unless they stay out of the battle between (lie U.S.A. and the USSR. Germany is becoming increasingly neutralist. 3. The Dutch want to discuss Indonesia. They want to link Seato, the Asiatic NATO, with the European NATO. Why should they help defend the West, they argue, when their whole economic security is being undermined in the East? Secretary Dulles, however, is opposed. Bulgaria's Astute Offers 4. Who will get the missile bases? It's been decided in advance that England will get four missile squadrons and France two. But Eisenhower tlso hopes to put bases in Norway. Denmark, Germany, other 'countries. They are skeptical—so skeptical that there will be no decision, "he buck will be passed to a committee. 5. Will we talk to Russia? This will be perhaps the biggest problem of all. Russia is playing her cards with great skill. The Bui- ganin letter placed on the doorstep of each Cation, just before the Paris Conference, was a master,piece. It offered great inducements to a war-wiary Europe—possibly a real chance for peace. Most of the European nations want to sit down and talk with Bussia, Secretary Dulles doesn't. Eisenhower will have to decide between the leaders of'Europe and his Secretaiy of State. These are the problems faced by the old soldier as he reinvades for peace the country which he occupied in war 13 years ago. Note—Before John Foster Dulles left for Paris the final pronouncement to be issued at 'Paris had already been written. In other words, the conference was to be cut-and-driiid. It was to be the way John Foster Dulles wanted it to be. There was to be litfie deviation from his agenda. This has been changed somewhat-by Eisenhower's presence, but it has not been changed much. : -Tree Cleanup NIAGAEA FALLS, N. Y. — There will be no unsightly old Christmas trees left behind on sales lots here this year. A new city ordinance provides for a $50 deposit by each vendor to insure that lots in which Christmas trees are sold shall be cleaned up and debris removed after the Yuletide. In past years unsold' trees created eyesores and • fire hazards. LAFF-A-DAY Twenty Years Ago John Buntain was named high priest of Logansport Chapter 2 Royal Arch Masons. Dr. W. G. Spencer, president of Franklin college, addressed local high school students on "The Value of an Education." v Contributions to the county Christmas Seal campaign totaled $1.017, Mrs. Minnie L. Thompson, 77, of 321 Ninth, street, died after a long illness. Fifty Years Ago Otto Shaffer, proprietor of the Shaffer Brothers Cigarmakers Company, was held up near his home and robbed of $68. John M. Cox and James McDonald opened a barber shop at 418 Third street. Dean Clinger, city, and D. W. Shigley, Flora, joined the Marines. Charles E. Felker 224 Colfax struct, died at MM age of 71. John Swisher, M, died after a long illness. Angelo Patri Even Child Needs Time For Himself Children can stand a lot of letting alone. They need it. Sometimes grownup people interfere with children unknowingly and 'cause.outbreaks of temper ar;d rebellion that astonishes them. The adult only asked a question, or made a helpful suggestion, or offered them a pleasant time on a short trip,, or maybe they asked them to do an. errand. All innocent enough from the grownup's side but just uncalled for interruption in the child's opinion. Everybody needs privacy at one time • or another during the day and children are no exception. They need all they want of it and their attitudes should be the adult's ' guide. A small boy or girl sitting on the floor cutting figures from- the old magazine looks to the adult as if he were doing nothing, and so he calls, "Simmie, bring 1 me the book that is on my table, will • you?" Now Simmie, absorbed in creating some cherished idea is interrupted whsn one is absorbed iu an undertalcing as a grownup and then think what this could mean to a child whose self-control is light. Is it any wonder he either fails to hear or is not, to say the ]east, co-operative? Older children feel these inconsiderate demands and interruptions keenly. They want to dwell in the mood that meets their need at the moment. Maybe it is absorbing work, study or just thinking. Along comes an adult who, disregarding any feeling the child might have, aays something like, "Run down the street and get me a pack of cigarettes. I'm all out." Or maybe it is Mother who says, "Oh me. I am out of cinnamon. I never thought to look. Marie, where are you? Go over to Grannie's and ask her to let me have her box of cinnamon. I'll get her one tomorrow. Hurry, that's a good girl. I am waiting for it." The good girl may have been deep in her homework and this sudden demand disrupts her thinking and her studious mood and that hurts. She is likely to grumble audibly and her mother in her haste and annoyance is likely to answer sharply and then there is a situation. The child who sits idly dreaming often annoys the active adult but that dreaming could be productive if not interrupted. A lot of good- to humanity has come out of that sort of dreaming. Consider the quality of this before breaking it up. Children from the babies on up can stand a lot of letting alone and will be grateful for it in tirn« to come. Consider this in dealing •with him. QUOTES FROM NEWS By UNITED PRESS NEW YORK — Vice President Richard M. Nixon, saying American parents must assume responsibility for improving public education: "Whether it takes more classrooms, better teaching, salaries, fewer frills, more algebra and less square dancing, this responsibility cannot be passed by the people to Washington." PARIS — News dealer Emi!e Cordy, 48, when asked what he thought about NATO: "I can't tell you exactly what it is. I don't have time to read the papers, mister." WASHINGTON — Sen. Mike Mansfield (D-MonU, calling for a "shakeup at the Pentagon" to get rid of military politics and improve the efficiency of the missiles program: "There is duplication,, waste and overlapping and the result is... where we are now, we were two months ago." WASHINGTON - Rep. Kenneth B. Keating (R-N.Y.), urging a new wiretap law to permit tapping by authorized FBI and state agents and use of wiretap evidence in federal courts in national security cases: "It is time we brought out wiretap laws up to date so that our law enforcement officials can effectively combat criminals and subversives now operating under the shield of the present statute." Walter Winchell Broadway and Elsewhere Notes of a Newspaperman A newspaperman gets paid for one thing. To report the facts, He really earns his living, how«ver, by taking the abuse that goes with it. A reporier oft-| en absorbs a nine round battering! before truth wins In the tenth. A: the bruises arc| painful even after a knockout victory ... In thcj following case, we derive no satisfac t i o n whatsoever from confounding our critics. And, in sense, this reporter YORK - Mayor Robert F. Wagner in a special radio and television broadcast on the subway strike: "It is the strike of a group which has submitted its case to an impartial board and now seeks to use economic force to compel the city and the Transit Authority to overrule" the board's decision. The city of New York cannot, and will not, permit itself to be blackmailed into such action." IPSWICH, England— Joan Fors- dike, 5, on being wakened by a burglar: "Santa»CIaus is early this year, mummy. I just saw him climbing in the back bedroom window." Proper eating is very important to keep your child well and happy. Dr. Patri explains the importance . of good eating habits in his booklet No. 303, "Feeding Children." To obtain a copy, send 25 cents in coin to him, c/o this paper, P. -O. Box 99, Station G, New York 19, N. Y. (Released by The Bell , Syndicate, Inc.) zer's paper and coupled his denial with an abusive attack against the publisher. Instructing his editor on the strategic method In responding to the attack, "PulllMr shrewdly counseled: . . ."Treat Uie attacker with exquisite politeness assuming he did not intentionally mislead his readers but was probably misled himself." As we have warned for ycarsi Never deny the other fellow's story. It might be true! a very real is dejected- even horrified—to learn the melancholy ramifications of the facts he made public. Rebels Seek to Call Meany in Washington Trial WASHINGTON (OT>-Attorneys for 13 "rebel" rank-and-file Teamsters said today they plan to call AFL-pIO President George Mea'ny as an "expert witness" in their Federal Court attempt to unseat Teamster President - elect JE .es B. Hoffa. Meany may testify later this week, they said. Meanwhile, the rank-and-file Teamsters' attorneys said they had changed their minds .about iSubpenaeing lame duck Teamsters President Dave Beck and Hoffa. They said defense attorneys will "have to call" Beck and Hoffa and they, don't want to lose any legal right to cross-examine the two Teamster leaders. Several years ago, on the advice and urging of medical authorities in Michigan, we reported that several batches of the new polio vaccine (submitted for testing at the United State Public Health Service) killed many, many monkeys. In addition, we stressed that the injected virus was live, when it should have been dead. We urged all concerned to take extreme precautions. Consequently, this reporter became the target for a torrent of vilification from editorialists. The denunciations were constant and vicious. It required one long year to confirm our story. And now tiiat confirmation has been made even more forceful, dramatic—and tragic. The following is for the record. And for any historians who might be interested. On December 6th, 1957, the Associated Press reported: "All of the six drug houses which were licensed to produce polio vaccine two years ago turned out batches containing live virus strains, a government official has reported. The statement was read yesterday from the sworn deposition of Dr. William G. Workman, former chief of the Laboratory of Biologies Central at Bcthesda, Maryland . . . 'All I knew at the time,' Dr. Workman testified, 'was that certain children had developed a paralysis is such a way as to indicate that injection of the vaccine was the cause'." The fact that youngsters developed paralysis as a result of tlic live virus polio shots is heartbreaking —and Inexcusable — since highly reputable medical leaders communicated their fears and warnings . through us before the test* began. It was our very unpopular duty at a newspaperman to echo their warnings. In retrospect, we can only conclude that it was well worth the ordeal we endured—if we helped save even one child from the dread affliction The polio vaccine is now safe and effective, of course. It ranks as one of history's great medical miracles. We trust the part we played in alerting the nation helped make the vaccine safe. Such knowledge gives us deeper satisfaction than the explanations or apologies of those who attacked. We neither desire nor expect apologies. Nevertheless, those editorialists owe an apology and ex-' planation to the American people. It is a private citizen's public duly tc> demand the truth. For a newspaperman to withhold the truth—is a crime. This reporter has frequently endured the frustrating experience of waiting and waiting and waiting to have- his stories confirmed after they are denied and denied. The other colyum we noted thai a slory about Hitler required almost a quarter-century to confirm. In tilic competitive ferocity of rewB-hunling, the opposition may strive to force denials. Washing- ion correspondents who are scooped) have been known to call the source of the news and pressure him Into denying the story. In journalism, dog-eat-dog occasionally replaces man-bites dog . . .A rival editor once denied an exclusive story in Joseph Pulit- Editor T. S. Matthews 'in the current Atlantic magazine) offers a provocative observation: "The only big news, private and public, lhat human beings are really concerned about is news of life and death." Truth as a virtue Js pure and simple. Unfortunately, the hard facts of life very offer are neither. It is one thing to report the facts. It is quite another to have them acted upon with wisdom and alacrity . . .Several days alter the initial Sputnik was launched—and shocked official Washington—this reporter disclosed that Russian progress in the missile-rocket field was not news. All 'the facts about Russian progress in this area had been published—years ago—in books, newspapers and magazines. The Senate's current probe has confirmed the foregoing. Moreover, Allen W. Dulles (director of the Central Intelligence Agency) has testified that "the intelligence community had estimated .some time ago that the Soviets would have the capability of orbiting earth satellites during the year 1957" Now there are recriminations from the past. Such partisan differences, however, will not enable us to make our future more secure. This nation has endured defeats in the past. General Washington lost more battles than he won . . .The Soviet's Sputnick break-through has been compared to Pearl Harbor. Yes, the Pearl Harbor attack was a major defeat for the U. S. In the final analysis, however, it was just one battle in a war lost by Japan and her Axis partners. The only time you lose a fight is when you quit fighting. In the history of denials and confirmations, there has been one incredibly daffy Incident. It happened some years ago . . .A Presidential press secretary requested reporters lo deny a report that (he Chief Executive was attempting to censor reporters. Following publication of the denials, the press secretary onec again called in reporters and repc'ated his denial of the censorship — and then asked that they refrain from publishing hro original request of hie denial. Incidentally, the denials during World War H Inspired the quip about the Ministry of Information carrier-pigeon that was leisurely flying to Its destination when It was jostled hy a second pigeon which shouted: "Gel a move on. I've got the denial!" As W. R. Hearst once observed: "Truth is not only stranger ttian fiction. It is much more interesting." Mild, Moist Air Spreading Over Most of Nation By UNITED PRESS A waveof m ild, moisl air overspread most of the country today, shrouding the Ohio Valley in heavy fog and bringing rain to other sections. Thco v e r n i g h t fog blanket reached from e a s t e i n Kansas through Missouri, across the Ohio Valley and into lower Michigan. The fog, which is expected to last until mid-morning in some areas, made driving hazardous throughout the- region. A disturbance along the Pacific Coast dumped rain over much of the western third of the nation during the night and brought snow to the higher elevations o!: the Rockies. More than seven million barrels of 'crude oil are produced daily. HUBERT Some of the largest onion fields In the world are near Kenton, Ohio. !7, King Potuf« Syniiaw, Inc., World tigus reserved. J2-I6 •Td say it'would look better about six inches higher!" PHAROS-TWBUNE Dnlly (except Sntnrd»y». Sunday, and Holiday*) SBc per week dill? and Sunday by carrier*, *1S.ZO per rear. By mall on rural route* In Cam, Carroll, White, Poln.kl, Fulton and Miami countlu, UO.OO per rear) outside trading- area and within Indiana, fll.OO per rear) outside In- dlnna, S18.00 per rear. All mall subscription* payable In advance. No mall subscriptions sold where carrier service ia maintained. Reporter established 1*0 114 Pharos established 1880 ^flUfini*^ • 1844 Tribune established <IDfi8i(wn3Ifa> rr^aaBrjS*Ja*&i Journal . established 100T '. S*SaSB»-^ "3S5g5gB»K3 1849 Published daily except Saturday and holidays »y Pharos-Tribune Co., Inc., KIT Bast Broadway. TLo«an»port, Indiana. Entered a. tieeond elltwi matter at the post of tic. at Loganlport. In*., under the act of Hnrcli J. 1878. HEMBEn AUDIT BUREAU O F CIRCULATIONS AND UNITED PRESS PHAROS-TRIBUNE National Advertising Representatives Newspav*r Representative* "Oh, darn it—• you found your Christmas preeentl"