THE PHAROS-TRIBUNE PROGRAM FOR LOGANSPOR1 1. An AdtquatB Civic C«nttr J. An Adaquati S«wage Disposal Syitfim 3. Sulfiiccnt Parking FaciliHo FROM OTHER PAPERS— Pedestrians Must Be Cautious Luckily, there have been only two fatalities in the more than 20 traffic accidents involving pedestrians in South . Bend since Nov. 1. This type of accident can occur in any season of the year, but • beginning Nov. I,, when the period of daylight becomes remarkably shorter, • hazards for pedestrians tend to increase. '" This year the shift back to Central ' Standard Time in this area apparently has been a factor. This time change be• came effective on the last Sunday in October, and there has been an epidemic of traffic accidents involving pedestrians since then. But no matter when official time changes come, everybody should be familiar 'with the increased hazard and exercise more caution. This applies to driv- . ers and pedestrians alike. In fact, there is mounting evidence of pedestrian carelessness in South Bend this season. It is highly significant that relatively f ew drivers have been cited by the police in these accidents since Nov. 1. Drivers, of course, have heavy responsibility. They should be on the lookout for careless pedestrians at all times. But a combination of conditions every autumn makes it imperative that pedestrians do everything possible to protect themselves. They can't be sure they are seen by all drivers. In this season every year, drivers are • plagued by reduced visibility. They have not had time to readjust themselves fully to this. Darkness, haze and fogged windshields are major factors. The twilight period, especially on a cloudy day, is bad. Pedestrians wearing all-dark clothing owe it to themselves to be extra careful when crossing streets at times when the general visibility is low. Actually, drivers may not see them in time to prevent accidents. The police record indicates that more pedestrians than drivers were careless in the accident cases that have accumulated since Nov. 1. The admonitions "watch while you walk" and "be alert—walk and drive safely" displayed in the current South Bend pedestrian safety education campaign have grim pertinence. (South Bend Tribune) The Russians sent a dog up with their latest satellite. This surprised those who =xpected that the first passenger would be Zhukov. Life is a series of frustrations. The fellow who moved to Florida to escape shoveling snow learned that he merely exchanged the shovel for a lawn mower. These are times when it is difficult, though necessary, for nations to keep feet firmly on the ground and eyes stead-- ily on the sky. IN THE PAST One Year Ago Earl Jamas, assistant county agricultural agent, was elected vice president of the Indiana Extension Workers Association. Logansport high school's basketball team lost to Frankfort, 57-55. A son was born at Memorial hospital to Mr. and Mrs. Lowell Goltry, Royal Center. William W. Reeder, 74, a former Logansport baker, died in Kokomo. Ten Years Ago Henry Preiser won the 5-acre corn contest •with an average yield of 121-.5 bushels per acre. The city'coal supply was getting back to normal after a shortage had been threatened for a month. Miss Edna Avery, school nurse, reported 115 cases of ringworm in the city schools. A daughter was born to Mr. and Mrs. Lee Morris, 1247 College' street, at Memorial hospital. Mrs. Ella B. Coffman, 85, died at her home at 1722 Spear street after a long illness. Twenty Years Ago Holland Chamness Jr., was selected as an al- . ternate appointee to the U. S. Military Academy at West Point. Charles Fergus was elected worshipful master of the Orient Lodge No. 272, F. & A. M. Frankfort high school beat Logansport's basketball team, 29-25. •Mrs. L. A. Shafer, 71, of Royal Center, died at Cass county hospital. Fifty Years Ago Clyde Giffin, Lake Cicott farmer, suffered a •broken arm when he was run over by a wagon , loaded with hogs. Two local poolroom operators were fined for allowing minors to enter their buildings. Mrs. Phoebe Jane McDonald, 55, wife of Martin V. McDonald, died. Nellie S. Starkey, of Oamden, was married t* Dan Shaffer, o;: Clymers. Drew Pearson's MERRY-GO-ROUND HIGH PRESSURE STUFF Friday Evening, December 13, 1957. Drew Pearson says: Pentagon appoints censor to check on Senate missile probe; Administration knew two years ago Russia •was ahead of us on missiles; Russia concentrates on reaching moon. WASHINGTON — Senators probing our "Smiigniks in Sputniks" may not know it, but a secret •censor has been appointed in the Pentagon to review, and if necessary suppress, information to be sent to the missile investigating committee. He is Robert Dechert, counsel for . the Defense Department, whose job it is to see that the Senators get no information too embarrassing to the administration. Despite this, the Senators have laid hands on onei dynamite - laderl document, labelec'l EM - 1760, dated I June M, 1956.1 which as far back! as a year and a I half ago gavel grim warning ofl Russia's missilcf might. The secret re-1 port was based on I Soviet technical tjournals which' have proved amazingly frank — when the administration could .spare the money to translate them. Quoting these technical journals, the secret RM-1760 report revealed 18 months ago that Russia was •combining military missiles into one powerful "launch vehicle" capable of hurling a one-ton satellite aloft. Later, it developed that the Russian satellite weighed only half a ton, which was about 1,000 pounds heavier than our "Ka-put- nik." 350,000,000 HP The se9ret report also revealed that Russia was building a mammoth moon rocket to be powered by 20 rocket motors, Despite this, the Eisenhower administration flatly ignored the warning, secretly slashed research funds and even slowed'down our missile production schedule. The budget-first boys, l«d by assistant President Sherman Adams and then Secretary of the Treasury George Humphrey, persuaded l:kp it was more important to give the voters a tax cut. They slapped a ceiling on defense spending that almost threw the missile program into a tailspin. Not until the Soviet Sputniks awakened the public to what the administration knew 18 months before were the research cutbacks restored and the missile program speeded up. Here's what RM-1760, a technical intelligence report prepared for the Air Force by the Rand Corporation, revealed two summers ago: 1. That Russia had already started construction of a moon rocket about 200 feet long and 40 feet in diameter. It would be driven to the moon by 20 rocket motors, capable of generating 350,000,000 horsepower. At take-off, 75 per cent of its gross weight would be fuel. 2. That the Soviets were building a lour-stage satellite launcher which could catapult a one-ton payload into an orbit 125 to 1,000 miles above the earth. Significantly, this was described as a "product of the T-3 (Intercontinental Ballistic Missile) program." 3. That the Russians were completing a 160-foot ICBM, weighing 250 tons, with a range of 5,000 miles, This is the terrible T-3 whose first stages, the report said, are T-l and T-2 intermediate missies. 4. That Russia "started production" in 1956 of the T-2, an 85-ton ballistic missile with an 1,800-mile range. Its Lox-kerosene motor produced 245,000 pounds thrust, almost twice what our best engine can do now. 5. That the Russians were also producing the T-4, a "supersonic glide missile," which could sail 1,000 miles on thin wings. Space-Ship Men 6. That they were developing a manned rocket bomber able to . soar over 100 miles into space for distances up to .10,000 miles. Already flight-tested, this is the nearest man has come to building a manned space ship. 7. That 18 months ago the Soviets SCIENTIST SAYS had already produced a rocket fuel that could get 40 per cent more thrust out of an engine without increasing its size or weight. 8. That they were producing at least two manned rocket planes, the YAK-21 and LA-17, comparable to our X-l and X-2 experimental planes-. 9. That Russia already had manned rocket interceptors, capable of shooting down jet bombers, stationed around her arms centers. 10. That the Soviet arsenal is bristling with lesser rockets and missiles, including several that can be launched from submarines under water for distances up to 750 miles. The shocking RM-1760 report dismissed the suggestion that Russia was relying on imported German scientists and stolen secrets for her rocket development. "Quick to realize the enormous military potential of the rocket," the report declares, "the Soviet government organized a government-sponsored rocket research program in 1934, eight years .be- lore similar systematic Army-sponsored research began in the United States." What the senators would like to know is why RM-1760 went unheeded and why the truth about Soviet missile power' has been withheld from the puWic. Note: Central Intelligence Chief Allen Dulles warned senators behind closed doors that Russia is ahead of us in every military field except atomic submarines. He claimed the Soviets are a "couple of years" ahead in satellites and intercontinental missiles. Asked why his warnings weren't heeded, Dulles replied with a shrug that it wasn't his responsibility. AUSSIES BID FOB REFUGEES VIENNA CUP) - The Australian government has offered to grant entry visas to .,300 Hungarian refugees still in Austria, informed sources said today. Argentina, Venezuela and Brazil also have informed the Austrian government they are ^repared to take more Hungarians, but few of the refugees have applied for visas. More than 20,000 Hungarians who fled their country after the 1956 revolution still are in Austria. SEEKS CONGRESS SEAT SALEM (UP)- — Edward C. Rhetts, a Salem attorney, announced Wednesday he will be a candidate at the primary next May for the Democratic nomination for Congress from the 9th District. Rhetts was a special assistant in the Department of Justice during the Truman administration. LAFF-A-DAY Angelo Patri Encourage Teenagers To'Read More Our adolescent boys and girls are not reading enough books apart from their school texte. They need to read for pleasure. These young people are very busy with school, outside activities, their dates and the like. They are not likely to form the habit of reading for pleasure if tills is not encouraged at home. I!, is surprising to find that there iire many homes •without books. AH the modern machines are there but no books. There are times in the lives of . adults, be they professionals or laborers or soldiers, or whatnot, when there is a feeling of aloneness and a longing for communication with someone, anyone, and there is nobody near who can fill the gap. Then it is that a prayer, a verse, a hymn, a poem, a story rises in memory to meet the occasion. If that lifesaving memory had not been stored, the difficult friour would have been worse, much worse. That is why we insist that adolescent boys and girls read. Reading for pleasure, memorizing beautiful thoughts, lovely words, is like putting money in the bank against the time of need. Young people have no knowledge of such times so their 'teachers and parents, knowing well the need, keep putting books before them and encouraging them to use' them. Adolescent boys and girls are not likely to read the classics since they are not ready for them •as yet. That is not to be expected. They like, and will read if they have a chance, books about themselves. At this stage of their development they are selfcentered. They are most important personages in all the world to themselves. They like to re&d books about boys and girls their own age, groups who are faced by problems like 'their own. They will read a book like Treasure Island for fun. . But as pirates and treasure are far removed from their experience they will prefer an up-to-the- minute book that deals with their special problems. Recently I read a book written for adolescents, written with an understanding of their special difficulties, things that their elders have long forgotten as difficulties but which are real and present to the boys and .girls. This little book, easily and quickly read, deals with such matters •as making friends, being popular, • oaldng dates, managing dates, getting along in school and at home, all the things which grownup boys and girls in secondary school have to deal with. It is entitled "Getting Along in the Teenage ' World" and is written by Westervelt. It would make a good birthday or Christmas gift. * * * Proper eating is very Important to keep your child well and happy. Dr. Pair! explains the importance of good eating habits in his booklet No. 303, "Feeding Children." To obtain a copy, send 25 cents in coin to him, c-o this paper, P. 0. Bo? 99, Station G, New York 19, N. Y. (Released by The Bell Syndicate, Inc.) QUOTES FROM NEWS By UNITED PRESS HOLLYWOOD — Actress Anna Kashfi, wife of Marlon Brando on reports that the newlyweds have separated: "Marlon and I are not separated. I'm waiting to have my baby in July. I can't understand how such reports get' started." LONDON — A close friend of Ingrid Bergman on reports the Swedish actress will spend the Christmas holiday with her estranged husband, Roberto Rossel- lini, in Rome: "Miss Bergman plans to leave for Rome the day before Christmas. . .The whole family will be together to give the children a real old fashioned Christmas. But there is no question of a reconciliation." NEW YORK — Secretary of Labor James P. Mitchell on. his claim that U.S. submarines, jet bombers and aircraft carrier.; are ready to fire nuclear weapons against any enemy attacker: "In other words, we can at this or any given moment, decimate any attacker, no matter what weapons he might use againsl us." •SPOKANE, Wash. — Col. W, B. Atwell on the crash of a B-52 jet bomber that took the lives of eight crewmembers: "It was an abnoral takeoff. The plane climbed almost straight up, winged over and cartwheeled when it crahed in a muddy, plowed wheat field." Jobless Pay Up in State WASHINGTON CUP) — IJnem- ployment in November ro:;e by 700,000 persons to a total of 3,200,000—the highest Novembei figure since 1949—the government reported today. Total civilian employment fell by 1,100,000 from the October mark to 64,900,000 — more than 300,000 bebw the November, 1956, level, A joint report by the Commerce and Labor departments said most oE the drop in employment came in agriculture, where unusually bad weather accentuated the normal seasonal decline. The number of workers in factories -fell by 230,000 over the month—also more than the usual November loss—trimming the total to 16,600,000, about 625,000 below the level of a year ago. The report said the average work weel: of factory production workers decreased .3 of an hour to a November average of 39.2 hours, the lowest November level since 1949, But average weekly earnings dipped only slightly to $B£.32 as average hourly earnings rose by 1 cent to $2.10. Russ Began Working on Satellites 7 Years Ago WASHINGTON (UP)-iAn American scientist reports that the Russians began "active study and research" on earth satellites more than seven years ago. This country did not launch an artificial moon project until July, 1955. The scientists, Dr. Lloyd V. Berkner, .said he learned at about the time Sputnik I was born "that the Soviets have had the instrumented satellite under active study and research since 1950." Berkner, president of the Associated Universities. Inc., of Now York, is vice chairman or the World International Geophysical Year (IGY) Committee. He spoke Wednesday at the University of Maryland. Early Studies Made In 1945, he said, the U.S. Navy made "preliminary studies of an earth satellite... to determine whether such a satellite could be launched at thai tim and whether it was likely to have a military effect on World War II." The conclusion was that rocketry "had not advanced suffi- ALERT YOUNGSTERS DU QUOIN, 111., (UP)-The Du Quoin kindergarten class got swift action when they complained that an outside Christmas .crib exhibit showed the figure of the child Jesus clad only in diapers. Their teacher contacted the proper authorities and when the kids left school they saw that baby Jesus had been wrapped in swaddling clothes. better suited to the 10 above zero weather. 17-13 • WO, KINO FCATUIIS SYNDICATE. In,, WOHU) BIGHTS RESERVED. "Now, what seems to be the trouble T" PHAROS-TRWUNE I>nlly (except Satmdayi. Sunday* and Holiday*) 35c per iveek dally •ltd Sunday by carrier*, *18.£O per year. By mall on rural route* Im Cn«», Cnrroll. White, Piilaikl. Pulton and Mlninl cuiintlei, llO.Ofl per yenri oiilnldr trailing area ami within Indlnna, 111.0O per yenri outside In- (HiiTin, JIJ8.0O per year. All mall «ii»iicr!|>t!oni! paynble In advance. No mnll ffubHcrlptlowi *old wliere carrier •errlce !• maintained. Reporter entablllfeed , 1»6 tl4 Phtiron entobllnlied Tribune CMtabllMaed <E^^^^^£> ^?BS9§fflR^ Journal cfttnbllahed PaMUhed dally except Saturday and holiday* by Pharon-Trlbune Co., Inc., KIT En»t Broad-nay, Lo«an«pi>rt. Indiana. Entered n» necond cln.HN mutter at the po>t office at Loft-anaport. Ind.. under th« act of Hnrch i, 1S79. HEMIJEH AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCUI,ATIO?i> AND UNITED PHAROS-TBIBTJNm National AdTertl«lm« ReprnentatiTea Imland Hew«»ap«r Re»re»entatlTe« ciently to conceive such a project at the moment and that the project would be so long in coming to fruiiion that it could have little or no influence on the war." In 1954 the world committee preparing for IGY proposed launching of artificial moons as » tool of science. U.S. Announced First This country announced July 29. J955, that it would make the attempt, and Russia formally made a similar announcement Sept. I'l. 1356. ]t was at an IGY rockets and satellites conference here last Sept. 30 - Oct. 5 that Berkner learned, in a talk with Soviet scientist A. A. Blagonravov, that the Russians actually had been doing satellite research since 1930. It was on Oct. 4 that the USSR announced successful launching of Spulr.ik I. The Sputniks, he said, demonstrate that the United States "is in a race for intellectual leadership." Berkner said this should b» good for America and humanity at large. NATO May Tackle Issue Involving Indonesia By CHARLES M. MCCANN United Press Staff Correspondent The angry dispute between The Netherlands and Indonesia may cause trouble at the North Atlantic Treaty Organization "summit" meeting. The Netherlands has asked the support of its 14 fellow-members of the NATO alliance against Indonesia's attempt to force it to give up Western New Guinea. At the request of The Netherlands government an emergency meeting of the .N'ATO permanent council in Paris was held last Saturday. The Netherlands called for diplomatic support against Indonesia's seizure of its interests. Keller Issue To NATO The council decided to refer the issue to the NATO governments. But when the leaders of the NAO countries meet in Paris next Monday, The Netherlands demand is pretty sure to play a part in discussions. Especially, the United States will be asked to take an unequivocal stand on The . Netherlands side. If the United States agrees, it will mean a shift in American pot- icy. African and Asian countries introduced a resolution in the United Nations last month calling for negotiations between The Netherlands and Indonesia on Indonesia's demand that it be given Dutch New Guinea. The Netherlands opposed the resolution on the ground that a favorable vote would con- slitute support for Indonesia's claim. The U.N. vote was 41 in favor of the resolution and 29 against, with 11 countries abstaining. United States Abstains The resolution failed because a two-thirds • vote in its favor was required. In this vote, the United States was one of those countries which abstained. It did so because it did not want to "offend" Indonesia and possibly incline its "neutralist." government toward Soviet Russia. But The Netherlands takes the stand that it is entitled to the support of its allies on the issue, even though New Guinea is on the other side of the world from the specific area which NATO countries arc pledged to defend against Communist aggression. Adlai Finishes NATO Job; Got 'Cool' Ike Treatment WASHINGTON (-UP)—Adlai E. Stevenson headed back, to Illinois today feeling his treatment by President Eisenhower and his staff was casual to downright cool. Not so at the State Department, however, where Stevenson found a welcome mat out from Secretary of State John Foster Dulles. Stevenson took an office at the State Department Nov. 18 to help . administration planning' for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) "summit" conference. He was invited by Dulles with Eisenhower's blessing. Has Finished Job The two-time Democratic presidential nominee concluded his task Wednesday with a long conference with Dulles. He made no comment after the meeting but is known to "sense of urgency" in meeting the Soviet challenge. There is considerable evidence a Dec. 3 White House conference between Eisenhower and Stevenson, their first in four years, failed to heal 1952 and 1956 campaign wounds. Stevenson came away with mixed emotions. He said the President said he would be happy to have Stevneson go to the NATO meeting in Paris. Asked whether the President had "invited" him to go, however, Stevenson replied offhand: '" don't know whether I've been invited or not." The White House said later he had been invited. Still later the same day Stevenson said he would not go to Paris unless "compelling" reasons arose. As he donned his brown hat and gray coat to leave today, Stevenson was not 100 per cent opposed to administration policies. Generally however lie was far from happy about administration reaction to the twin challenges of Russia's Sputnik and economic warfare. His opinion, expressed to Dulles, is that the "Hottest war right now is the cold war." He believes there is lack of imagination, initiative and action in Washington today. Right now Stevenson is heading back to his law practice in Chicago. NEW TEETH REPLACE OLD MOBILE, Ala., (UP)—A dentist is fighting a losing battle with the teeth of 17-year - old housewife, Mrs. Katie Cordell. Two of Mrs. Cordell's permanent teeth were extracted and new teeth grew in to fill both vacancies. MORE FLU CASES INDIANAPOLIS (UP)—The Indl- ana State Board of Health added 580 cases of flu to its 1,957 total last week, an increase over the last preceding week when 418 cases were placed on the records. HUBERT © 19S7, King feinm Syr.diate, Inc., WorM rights icitrvtd "Isn't it terrific? I designed it, myself!'
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