The Gazette from Montreal, Quebec, Canada on March 4, 1915 · 1
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The Gazette from Montreal, Quebec, Canada · 1

Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Issue Date:
Thursday, March 4, 1915
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WEATHER FORECAST: FINE AND COLD TEMPERATURE YESTERDAY Max. 23 above; Min. 3 above VOL. CXLIV. " NbJ 54 MONTREAL, THURSDAY, MA11CII 4, 19 15. -SIXTEEN PACES PRICE TWO CENTS. SMASHING UP FORTS IN THE DARDANELLES Anglo - French Fleet Renews Operations and Admiralties Report Great Progress CASUALTIES VERY SLIGHT French Division, Operating in Gulf of Saros, Throws Shells Near Kavak, at Head of Gallipoli Peninsula London, March 4. The Admiralty late last night issued the following report regarding the bombardment of tho Turkish forts by the Anglo-French fleet: "The operations in the Dardanelles were resumed 11 o'clock Monday morning, when the Triumph, Ocean and Albion entered the straits and attacked Fort Number 8 and the batteries at Whit C'.iff. The fire was returned by the forts and also by field-guns and howitzers. "An air rcconnaisance made by several seaplanes in the evening brought the report that several new gun positions had been prepared by the enemy, but that no guns were erected in them. The seaplanes also, located surface . mines. ; ;" "During Monday night a ' force of mine-sweepers, covered by destroyers, swept within a mile and a half of Cape Kephez, and their work, which was carried out under Are, is reported ' to have been excellent. The casualties sustained during the day were slight, amounting to only S wounded. "Four of the French battleships op- erated off Bulair and bombarded the batteries and communications. 1 "The operations at the entrance to the straits, already reported, have re- suited In the destruction of nineteen guns, ranging from six to eleven inches, eleven guns below six Inches, four Nordenfelt guns and two searchlights. The magazines of forts Six and Three also have been demolished. "A further report received states that on Tuesday the Canopus, Swift-sure aind Cornwallis engaged Fort Js umber 8. A heavy fire was opened on them by Fort Number 9, together with field batteries and howitzers. Fort Number A : was damaged and ceased firing at 6.30 in the afternoon, and although three ships were hit; the only casualty was one man slightly wounded. . -. . . , "Seaplane reconnaissance , was Impossible owing to the weather; '.he mine-sweeping operations were continued throughout the day. The attack progresses. The Russian cruiser Askold has joined the Allied fleet off the Dardanelles. " . - FROM FRENCH ADMIRALTY. Paris, March 3, via London, March 4. The French Minister of Marae to-right issued the following communication. "The operations of the Anglo-French fleet against the Dardanelles continued yesterday. A French division under Rear-Admiral Guepratte operated in the Oulf of Saros against the forts and the Bulair lines. The French 'battleship Suffren effectively bom-barded the Sultan fort and the battleship Oaulols set fire to the barracks at Fort Napoleon. The garrisons evacuated the works. "The battleship Bouvet seriously damaged the-bridge over the Kavak River." From the report that the French warship Bouvet had damaged the bridge over the River Kavak, it would seem evident that the French r.eet has been operating far enough north In the Gulf of Saros to throw shells in the vicinity of the town of Kavak, which lies at the head of the Gallipoli Peninsula. DARDANELLES EVACUATED According to Destroyer Which Passed That Town London. March 4 A despatch to the Havas Agency from Athens says that mist, prevented the ascertainment of the extent of the damage done by the warships In their bombardment of the inner forts of the Dardanelles yesterday, a destroyer which passed before the town at Dardanelles, according to the correspondent, reported that it had been evacuated 52 SHIPsTnSTRAITS 100,000 Turks rn Gallipoli Coast Under Issad Pasha London, March 4 "According to despatches received here from Myt-llene - and Tenedos Islands." says Reuter's Athens correspondent, "the allied fleet has destroyed the batteries of Kilid Bahr and Banakale and arrived near Dardanelles. There are over 100,000 .Turks on the Gallipoli coa-st under Issad Pasha, The village of Tenishahr is reported to have been destroyed by fire." A Reuter despatch from Athens dated March 2 says: "The bombardment was resumed this morning at ten o'clock, when 2 ships entered the straits. Four battleships bombarded th Turkish position on the (Centinued oti Page Seven) CANAD)ANSAT FRONT Artillery and First, Second and Third Brigades (Special to The Gazette.) Ottawa, March 3 The first, second and third brigades of the First Canadian Contingent and the artillery are on the firing line in Europe, according to a statement in the House today by Major-General the Hon. Sam. Hughes, replying to a question by Hon. Charles Marcil. Re-'Ports indicated, he said, that the contingent of the Canadian soldiers bad been Just what was expected. They had behaved in a maaner creditable to their country, and their fire had been accurate, deadly and woT. sustained. The Minister of Militia said that casualty lists received from England would be given to the newspapers immediately after rela-t'ves of the men mentioned bad been notified. Pierre Loti Would Rejoin Nary Pans, March 3. Pierre Loti, the author, who is a retired naval officer, has requested the Government to permit him to rejoin the service and to assign him to duty with the J'rench fleet now operating against the Turks. German General Killed Berlin, Maroh 3, via Amsterdam to London. March i M i,w-r'o,. ,i Ludwlg von Estorff has been killed in Kussia at the -head of his brigade. BUDGET RE VEALS INDIA'S STRENGTH Her Contribution to War During Coming Year Estimated at $237,500,000 London, March 3. (Via Reuter's Ot tawa Agency) A special despatch from Delhi, India, says Sir William S. Meyer, financial secretary, delivered his budget statement before a crowded attendance of the Indian Council today. He announced a deficit of 2,-750,000 for the current financial year, and estimated a similar deficit for the year commencing April 1, 1915. This shortage, he said, had been due to the effeot of the war on railway and cus-. toms receipts. He proposed no additional taxation to meet these deficits, as they were due to special causes. The financial secretary devoted much of his speech to setting forth how the excellent resources of the country had enabled India to come successfully through the supreme test to which its financial and economic system had been suhjected. He proposed, he said, to base the budget requirements upon the supposition that the war would last throughout the years 1815 and 1916, as a measure of caution. He declared that India's contribution to the war would be 2,000,000 for the current year and 47,500,000 during the coming year. India, he said, had been much buffeted, but her inherent strength, financially and economically, had been demonstrated at every turn. He pointed out that India's paper money and loans had been practically unimpaired", -and that the stability of the rupee had been successfully maintained. Naturally, at the outset of the war, he said, there had been some bewilderment and dislocation of both foreign and internal trade; but readjustment was taking place and, above all, India was steadily facing her obligations. There was. therefore, no need to resort to any extraordinary measure of help; the '.country could look forward to the future with sober confidence in its maternal prosperity, especially In view of the prospect of exceptionally bountiful crops. The budget was well received, being considered as showing India's remarkable financial strength. CANADIAN CASUALTY LIST Wounding of Major Hamilton Gault Officially Confirmed Ottawa, March 3. The casualty list Issued by the Militia Department tonight officially confirms the news that Major Hamilton Gault, of the Princess Patricias, has been wounded. One other officer in thi regiment is reported wounded and another as missing. Two deaths from wounds among other members of the contingent and one wounded are also reported. The list follows: PRINCESS PATRICIA'S L. I. Wounded. March i.r Major Andrew Hamilton Gault. Next of kin, Mrs. Hamilton Gault (wife), 595 Sherbrooke street west, Montreal. March 1. Lieut. Colville Eyre Crabbe. Next of kin. Miss E. Crabbe (relationship not known), 63 Grosvenor street west, London, Eng. Missing. Lieut. William Gourlay Colquhoun. Next of kin, Mrs. Colquhoun, Barton Lodge, Hamilton, Orrt. SECOND BATTALION. Wounded. Lance Corporal . Fred. Creckenton, gunshot wound in shoulder and neck. Next of kin, Alice Creckenton, 31 Tlbbatta Road, Bromley-By-Bow, London, Eng. THIRTEENTH BATTALION. Died of Wounds. February 24. Private George William Kadle. Next of kin, F. Mills, 84a Aylwin street, Montreal. DIVISIONAL CYCLIST COMPANY. Died of Wounds. February 24. Private A. P. Peattie (formerly Ninth Battalion).- Next of kin, Mrs. Peattie, 2 Ednam street, Annan, Scotland. King's Message to Jellicoe London, March 2. King George on his return from a visit to the fleet sent a message to Admiral Sir John R. Jellicoe, In which he said: "I have been on representative ships of all classes and am much impressed by the Btate of their efficiency and the splendid spirit which animates both officers and men. t have not the slightest doubt my navy will up-bold its great traditions." AT OSSOWETZ ALONE IS FOE HOLDING OUT By Monday Germans Had Fallen Back Twenty Miles From Niemcn and Grodno SUFFERING GREAT LOSSES Stanislau, in Galicia, Where Austrian Army Is Isolated, Is Reported to Have Been Re-Occupied by the Russians London, March 4. The Morning Pest's Bucharest, Rumania, correspon dent says the Russian forces have re- occupied Stanislau, in Galicia. (Special Cable to The Gazette.) Petrograd, aMrch 3. North and south the Russians have succeeded in converting the spectacular advances of the Germans and Austriaiis into definite retreats -and are themselves pressing forward from both the Nie- men and Dniester. The Germans on Monday had fallen back twenty miles from the Niemen and Grodno and everywhere else ex cept Ossowetz, where they are again spreading their forces for the defence of East Prussia. Their siege artillery to in consider able jeopardy facing Ossowetz. The streams draining the forest marsh into the Bohr are - thawing and the Germans have taken some heavy guns westward outside of the range to dry land around Radzilow. It is believed, however, that some of their heaviest gur.3 north of the fortress cannot now be moved. From the southern bend of the Bobr they are fighting fiercely in an attempt to relieve the German siege equipment. The Russian army of the western 1 line in North Poland conducts a vigorous advance toward the frontier. threatening the railways to Thorn. The Germans tried a desperate raid from Zorpetz, where ' they were immediately confronted by a Russian squadron of armored motor-cars- under Captain Pononaroff, which shot the German column off the main road. The Germans then tried a barricade by throwing tteir s own transports across the' road, but the men were all killed. The Russian tars towed the German waggons - into , a ditch and continued to beat the enemy until cavalry turned the rear, inflicting great losses on the Germans as they lied northward. Another German de tachment was entirely destroyed in attempting to reach Pollusk with an equipment of mines for the destruc tion of, the railways to Novo Gcor-1 cievsk. The Austro-German combination 1 has attempted a series of desperate attacks on the passes of the middle! Carpathians, especially at Lupkow and Wynizkow. They were driven southward with terrible losses. They are expected to renew tne attempt as the only means of brimjing relief to the Isolated Austrian army at Stanis lau. Among the last consignment of mirty-nve nunared prisoners to reach Kief are 'several hundred Heidelberg unNi:iKiauuaira. iney nave been Inj me neia two months. CAUSE OF GERMAN ROUT Admixture of Trained Men With Untrained Recruits London, March 3. The Daily Mail's correspondent at Pe.trne-r Now that we have seen the effect of mciuuing rresniy trained troops in the German armies. - -. - i.ivifJiii,; will! confidence the speedy end of the war man ai une nine seemed possible, j "The defeat of an srmv of tahaa - I Przasnysz was due to the skill of the Russian commanders and the bravery and steadiness of their men, but what turned tne reverse of the Germans Into a rout was elearly the admixture of the best of the Prussian troops with untrained recruits raised since the war oegan. "The wounded who Arrive tn large numbers yesterday said the behavior of the anemy In many parts of the field betrayed quite a new spirit vi nervousness ana a lacR or confidence in themselves and in their leadera "All Russian tronna whn am. fn : had the general feeling that the task of beating the Germans has become very muon easier ana iney nave no UnuM j that when the time comes the Allied forces in the west will discover the i same thing. ' "The capture of Przasnysz Is without I narnilel in anv nrpvinna .niu.amiini i with the Germans. Iaw nuanHtf. of store? were abandoned by men, wnose guns, motors-cars ana the like were left. Just how disorderly the fight became may be judged from the laoi mat. icii ihuubiui'j jjnsonera include men belonging to as many as fifteen regiments. Large numbers of them were exhausted and unable to move irom nuuger anu iaugue. Montreal Cadets in Parade (Special U The Gazette). New York, March 1. Among the organizations that will participate In the St. Patrick's Day narade. irrnnt. ling to an announcement made tonight by RoderlcK J. Kennedy, chairman of the committee of arrangements, will be two companies of cadets from Montreal, and ha'f a regiment of Irih- men in ancient Irish military costumes, from a western city, Official Statements FRANCE. Paris, March 3, via London, March 4 Th following official communication har been issued by the French War Office: "From the ea to the Aisne there has been cannonading of varying intensity. The Germans again began to bombard with incendiary shells. "In the Champagne region, on the front north of Souam, Mes-nit and Beausejour,, our progress continues. We are holding on the entire attacking front, that is today over a distance of over six kilometers (nearly four miles), a total of German lines representing a depth of one kilometer (to-thirds of a mile). "Our progress today has been particularly marked to the west of Perthes, where wa have captured trenches and extended our position in th woods. We also gained ground to the north of Mesnil. Finally, in the same region, we have repulsed several violent counter-attacks. The regiments of the Guards sustained enormous losses. "Since the last communication we have made about 100 prisoners and have captured a machine-gun. Several German attacks were repulsed n the wood of Consenvoye, north of Verdun, and in the forest of Ls Pretre, west of Pont-a-Mousson." Paris, March 4 The followinj supplementary official statement Was issued late last night by the French War Office: "It can be stated that in the Argonne, where ws had been constantly attacked sines December, the roles in the last three weak have been reversed. Today we have gained the indisputable ascendancy, The effect is salutary in these local actions, of which the Argonne is the theatre, to feel that mors and more the enemy is at our mercy and that our moral superiority is assured. "W have obtained this result by a series of limited operations energetically carried out, and although the German forces which "confront us are extremely courageous we feel that at a given point and moment we are masters and can do what mo wish." ' -' ' The statement fives the details of one of these engage nei't which, it says, occur daily and show the splendid ardor of the troops. , RUSSIA. Petrograd, Mareh 3 The War Office issued the following statement today: , "Between the Niemen and th Vistula (Northern Poland) the Germans delivered attacks only in the region of - Ossowetz.1 Many attempts of tho, enemy to approach the fortress ware repulsed. "In the region of Grodn rd in other sections of the whole front, our troops continued to make progress. . i i'Wi took by assault the village of Kerjen, on the left bank of the River Amouleff,, where we took prisoners ten officers and certain numbers of soldiers and captured two rapid-fir guns. "In the Carpathians, between Ondava and the San, we continue with complete success to repulse formidable attacks of the Austrian army. The Germans delivered fruitless attacks in the region of Ksx'ouwka and Rojanka. At the latter point we succeeded in enveloping and annihilating two German companies. "In East Galicia the Austrj. ans, who were defending the passages of the River Lomnitia, suffered a new and very serious check, our troops, while fightinq, crossing the river and occupving ths village of Kras-na. The following day we took 6,000 prisoners, with 64 officers and four cannon, seven rapid-fire guns and a large quantity of regiment and division trains. "Thers is no chang on ths left bank of the Vistula." AUSTRIA. Vienna, via London. March 3 The following official communication has been issued by the Wsr Office! "In the Carpathians, west of Uzsok Pats, fighting is proceeding which has developed to a large extent into engagements for the possession of important heights and lines. Several Russian counter-attacks have been repulsed with great loss to the enemy. "During the day several local succasies were gained along the battle-front. In an assault on a ridgs north of Cisna we took 400 prisoners. "Vigorous fighting is in pro-Qress along the whole battle- front in Southeast Galicia, On the Dunajec River and in Russian Poland nnthinq of importance has occurred." , GERMANY. Berlin, March 3 (By wirebia to Sayville) The report on tha progress of the fijhting given out by the German War Offie today is dated March 3, and reads as follows: "Near St. Eloi, to the, tout h f Ynres, the attack yesterday of two English companies upon our tines was repufted after vioient hand-to-hand fighting. "The French attacks in (ne Champagne district have been without any degree of auccess. The French troops havo been once again driven back into their positions, with heavy losses. "To jtht northwest of Villa-aur-Tjurbs German troops occupied 250 yards of trenches. French advance in tha Knrest of Consenvoy and near Ailly and Apremont have been easily repulsed. Attacks made by our troop to tha northeast of Barren Villsrs again rosulted in our getting possession of consider, abl territory. U.S. NOTE WON'T SOLVE VEXED SEA PROBLEM Englsnd Takes Yiew Germany Virtually Asks Britain to Forego Strength of Naval Power REPLY NOT YET PREPARED Order-in-Council, Putting Britain's Declaration Into Effect, Will Explain Details of Methods the Admiralty Is to Employ London. March 3. Great Britain has not vet prepared her answer to tVie American note, submitted to the British and German governments looking to the withdrawal of the submarine blockade and tho continuance of food movements to Germany for tho civil population. The publication of the text of the American note and Germany's reply in the London paper has attracted wide attention. Th English vjew, which will undoubtedly be embodied in the note to the American Government, is thai the suggestions propose that Great Britain shall virtually forego tha Ktrength of her position due to her superior navy. In other words. Great Britain feels that Germany is trying to have th neutral states perform duties for her which she could possibly carry out had she a superior navy. Furthermore, tho British Government, it ia asserted, will ask what assurance tha United States can give that Germany would not resume her submarine activities after she had obtained sufficient food undur the relaxed regulations to enable her M rrry on the war indefinitely. England' reply to this suggestion that the belligerents cease the us oi floating mines will be that she has never ueed them. ' The Engliah position a to the us pC neutral flags and tha arming of merchant ships la that no general or' der has been issued for the us of th flags of neutral state and that merchant ships wer armed only after Germany had declared a submarine blockade. The order-ln-counc!l putting th de claration against German commarc Into effect, it is stated authoritatively, will explain the details as to how th Admiralty will proceed in enforcing the sweeping order. The exact dat of the order has not yet been decided upon, but it will probably be publish ed in a few days. STILL FEEL CONFIDENT Washington Sees in Germany's Reply Partial Solution Washington. March J. The official text of Uormuny s reply to the sug gestion of the United Ktates Government with reference to the abandonment of submarine warfare on row-chant ships and the shipment of food stuffs to the civilian population of oeiiigLTent was received lata todav by the Stat- Department. Although the answer from Gernuuiv. transmuted by Ambassador Uorurd. left one or two points still to be ne gotiated, the fact that it promised that no attacks hy submarines would be made on any merchant vessels, If they were unarmed, provided thrre wa no fictitious use of flags, raised the hone oi nmciais tnai something tangible would result from the negotiation. Tt.ere was a fueling of confidence especially that some restrictions would be adopted concerning the use of mines. Some high officials grew optimistic concerning tircat Mrttaln a reply. They pointed out that the retaliatory mea sures just announced by Kmrland whereby Germany's commerce with the outside world wan to he stopped, were in reality dratted Immediately after the German Admiralty proclaimed the war zone around Great Britain and Ireland and were submitted by England to her Allies before the American suggestion,, tnr a solution were interposed. When all the Allies finally approved. Great Britain had no other course for the preient. some officials thought, than to announce h,r retaliatory measures. The Urt that. In announcing them th British Government stated that the steps did not constitute a reply to the American Government's proposals Is regarded as confirmatory of the Idea that the new declaration may yet be revoked If a modlus vlvendi In reached with Germany through the. United States Government concerning sub marine warfare. AS VIEWED IN LONDON American Opinion Much Com mented Upon in Press (Special fable to The Gazette i' London, Thursday, March 4 - While the British public fully realize the fact that the American AdiniiilKtrat;;m'n policy Is largely guided, and ran only be built solidly, upon American public opinion, press comment here Indicates the difficulty In determining exactly what Is American opinion. The Evening Standard yesterdtv suggested that the voice of America was a little mixed. At the time the standard's article was written the cabled extracts of New York paper editorials on the new policy had not reacnen tendon. Brlt!ih comment so far upon tne re ported American reception of the Franco-British maritime programme Is (Continued pn I'ae Six) GERMANS ADMIT RETREAT But Claim Russian Success Does Not Compare With Their Victory Berlin, March 3. via Amsterdam to London, March 4 The following despatch from tho German chif head-quarters was made public this evening: "After tho marvellous capture of tne strongly fortified town of PrzaariyMS. North Poland, by one of our corps, which had advanced from an easiurn direction, the situation became critical for one day by the advance of three Russian army Corps which attacked the German wing from the east, southeast and south and forced the victorious German corps by a backward movement to make a front against these suiierlor forces. "Parts of the corps were sharply pressed and great numbers of wounded in the neighboring villages could not be removed in time; but tho Russians wero unable to disturb tho orderly backward movement and lost touch with the German corps. "Meanwhile German reinforcements came and the situation was restored. "It wa quite an insignificant Russian success and cannot be compared with the previous German storming of Przasnysji, In which we took ton thousand prisoners and a great quantity of war booty." BEAT SUBMARINE AFTER 40-MILE RUN British Captain Frustrates First Attack and Succeeds in Making Safety London, March 3. A despatch to the Va'.ly Mall from Rotcrdam tells of the dramatic escaie of the British steamship Wrexham from Harwich to Rotterdam from a German submarine. The W'rexam, which ordinarily makes thirteen knots, espied the periscope of a submarine when Hearing the coast of Holland, and straightway began to manoeuvre to escape the torpedo, although she has but a single screw. When the first attack was frustrated the captain of tho ship determined ot make a run for it. Every man of tho crew and every other person not actually needed in navigation was sent below to work In the stokehold. Those who could not shovel coal were utilized as oilers, tinder this pressure flames shot out of the funnels of the ship and ha attained a Bpeed of sixteen knot. The submarine, however, kept steadily after her. for, forty mile the pursuit continued,' the German undor-water terror trying to get herself In a position to administer the death blow. She failed, the Wrexham kept straight ahead although it was known she was tra versing a stretch of water thick with mines. Six of them were counted by deck officers. Just uff the Mass Lightship the German submarine abandoned the chase. INDEX TO THE NEWS Pag Two. I and personal. Reception at Government House- Will of late Captain Newton, of th Patricias, rued for probate. Pag Thr. : City and district news. Pag Four. Bylaw will be Introduced permitting motoring on mountain, King's Bench Grand Jury complete work by returning i'l Indictments. Serbian Legation in London makes appeal for Quebec doctors. What Canadian railways pay In direct taxation. Pag Fiv, First detachment of Old Highlanders goe into barracks. Mr. William Houtham presents military song books to all men for active service. Chambre de Commerce committee reports on prospects of lumber trade. Board of Trade council discuss Empire Trade Congress. Pag Six. Tells of attack on U-21. More power given to U.S. President to ideal with ships suipected of neutrality violation. P8 Savsn. New C.P.R. liner makes trial trip London Times editorial on American press opinion on reprisals. Major Gault and Lieut. Crabb of Princess Patricias wounded. , Pag Eight. Editorial. PC Nine. Five millions more for good roads in Quebec. Defence near close In Empress-Stor-stad case. News of railways. Pag Eleven. Honesty and law not Incompatible, shown In can in appeal.. Pge Twelv. Wanderers scored lucky victory over Torontos. Ottawa won from Quebec In over time. Montreal defeated Thistle curlers in match for M. A. A. A. Trophy. Pag Thirtn. Four favorites! beaten at Juarez. Bedwell stable scored triple victory at Havana. Good scores made in Class "C" tenpin matches last night. Pag Fourteen. C. G. Electric earned dividend bv small margin. New York market waa active and strong. New York funds. Pag Fifteen. Wheat price advanced at Chicago and Winnipeg. ' Pag Sixteen. Commons baa a laugh at Mr. Pug.i-ley's "bull." T.ff enlivens boot enquiry at Ottawa. Dr. Robinson tells how Blanche Yorke met death. ' Col. Robertson was re!leve4 of command of Nova Scotl-a regiment. BALKANS KEEP KEEN WATCH ON DARDANELLES Result Of Action Likely To Haie Considerable Bearing On Iheir Future Attimde RUSSIA GOING GREAT GUNS Success Attending the French Army's Offensive in the Champagne Region Continues Feature of Western Campaign SUMMARY OF WAR NEWS. London, March 3. With the Allied fleet again bombarding the Dardan-slies, and the Russians pushing their offensive In the Caucasus, the Near" Kast is agaiu coming into the limelight. The Russians have scored a distinct success by the capture of the Turkish port of Khopa, on the Black Sea, from which the Turkish army in the Caucasus drew part of its supplies. Unofficial reports say that beside the ships which entered the Dardan-riles and are bombarding the Interior forts, some o the fleet are throwing shells overland Into the Uulf of Saros, so that the Turkish garrisons will l. subjucted to flro from two side. Th Turks are concentrating strong force for the defence of Constantinople, and the Balkan states are watching the operations with intense interest. The success or failure of the Allies' . attempt to open the straits mean? much to the Balkan nations, and will probably have considerable bearing on their future attitude. In their determination to relieve Przcmysl and drive tho Russians out of Galicia, the Aumro-German amies, which for some week's have been on the Galiclan side of the Carpathian mountains, have during the last few days mads repeated attempts to break through the Russian entrenchments, but without success. Sine Hunday last, when in mass-. ed formation they threw themselves against Russian; troops holding strong positions, the Austro-Germins have attacked again and again u spite of the heavy losses which tills kind of fighting entails. AUSTRIAN'S THROWN BACK. Yesterday, according to the Russian official account, the Autitrians delivered furious attack between the San and Ondawa rivers, only to be thrown back, as they were In their previous efforts, whlie the Germans made several fruitless attempts around Kozl-ouwka and Rojanka, at th latter point losing two companies, whlcn were surrounded and annihilated. No estimates havo been published of the losses sustained by the Gci-manlc armies In their efforts to break through the Hussian lines at these places, but they are beliwved to have been very large, as tho Rumian positions wore almost Impregnable. Regarding the AusirianM attempt to outflHnk the Kubsianx In itustein Galicia, twe Russian official reports in succession have reported that th Austrians sufrred a severe reverse, and that yesterday, they lost in prisoners alone more thsn 6WO men. The Russians captured also a number of guns and a large quantity of transport material . On the other extreme wing in North Poland tho Germans have either assumed the defensive or are retiring, except at Ossowetz. where they continue to bombard the fortress. Berlin reports unofficially that at this point the Germans have succeeded in silencing two of the forts. Their attempt to approach lhi city, however, has been repulsed by the Russians. The Germans, while claiming success near Augustowo. where they captured 1,500 prisoners from among the Russian forces who tried to cross the Bobr River, admit that they have withdrawn their advance guards south of Myszynlec and that the Russians have been feeling their way forward to the nnrth,west of Przasnysz. The fact seems to he that tho Russians are advancing along the whole northern line, hut very slowly he-cause of the mud which impedes the movement of guns and transport waggons. They have been able to rein force their armies at every threatened point and are now considered to be In as good a position a the Germans, who have left their railways behind them. CAMPAIGN IN THK WEST So far hs tlie west is concerned, the French offensive in the Champagne region continues f- be the outstanding featun of the campaign. The French troops hav now reached the highest points on the ground north of Perthes aid Bea ufc jour and must he drawing near positions from which thev will he able to shell th branch railway that rims to the rear of the German line and maintains communications between the German forces nefere Rheim and Verdun. There has been lighting at other points, but none to compare In importance with that in Champagne. Italy Buys a "nbmarine Rome, March .1 -The Government has purchased at a shipyard at t'pe- zla the famous submarine boat on which former Lieutenant Ball-one fieri List October w'fh the Intention of engaging Austrian wrshipji ii. th Adriatic. The submarine was incorporated today in the Italian flotilla.

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