The Gazette from Montreal, Quebec, Canada on December 11, 1930 · 13
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The Gazette from Montreal, Quebec, Canada · 13

Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Issue Date:
Thursday, December 11, 1930
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VOL. CLE. No. 296 THE GAZKTTK. 3IOXTKKAL: THURSDAY. DECEMBER 11. 1930. 13 FRANK B. KELLOGG IS PRESENTED WITH NOBEL PEACE PRIZE Former U.S. Secretary of State Finds No Indication of War in World WARNING GIVEN Oslo Gathering Told Western Civilization Could Not ' Withstand Another Conflict (Associated Press Cable.) Oslo, Norway. December -10. Sounding a confident note on world peace, but at the same time warning that western civilization could not withstand a new war, Frank B. Kellogg, whose efforts toward world peace resulted in the Kellogg-Brland pact, today received the Nobel Peace Prize for 1929. The former United States Secretary of State, fifth of his countrymen to win the award, received the diploma and medal from Professor , Frederick Stang, president ot the No- ' bel committee. mng naaKnn wna yrcaeui. Crown Prince Olav and a distinguished gathering of Cabinet members and other Norwegian notables. In an address preceding the presentation, Premier Johan Nowlnckel described Mr. Kellogg as "the man f practical politics," contrasting him with Dr. Nathan Soederblom, winner oi the 1930 award, whom the Premier termed "a man of the Church and a spiritual warrior." - 'I npm i i . 1 1 ' . i ; i .ri.i 1 1 j 1 1 ui w&i u clared in acknowledging the award. "General unrest," he said, "is a vervwhpri but there has been no war and we should be thankful to take it as a good omen that peace prevails today on the earth." Should there be a war, however, he warned, western civilization could 21QL Wllli&iaJHl 1U "For ten years the European nations have patiently worked on a solution of the difficult problems that in former days would have pro-. moted international conflicts," he said. "I know of no nobler work for humanity than promoting peace. Men must adopt higher and greater goals than that of settling International quarrels by arms. "Leading statesmen have taken steps to prevent a new catastrophe, and while, these measures are no absolute guaranty of peace, they are the most secure arrangements hitherto adopted by the nations." Mr. Kellogg said he regarded the award not only as an honor to himself but to his country as well, and as a recognition of the United States efforts toward peace and a higher civilization. The playing of the Swedish national anthem was the signal for Dr. Soederblom to receive the , 1930 Peace Award. Dr. Soederblom has long been active in the cause of world peace. .Sinclair Lewis Gets Award Stockholm, December 10. Sinclair Lewis, who told Americans about themselves bringing out some details they hadn't thought about be- , fore, today received the coveted Nobel prize for literature. With him in the auditorium of Stockholm's concert hall, bright with flowers and bedecked with flags and banging rugs, three other leaders in their fields received Nobel awards Dr. Karl Landsteiner, of the Roske- feller Institute, New Tork; Sir Chan-drasekhara Venkata Raman, of In dia, for physics and Professor Hans Fischer, of Germany, for chemistry- The prizes, including cheques, were handed them by King Gustav V. Facing the stage where sat the winners were the most notable men and women in the Swedish national life, and on the left was a crescent- shaped group formed by members of the Swedish Nobel Institute. Raman, who came first, was introduced by President Pleijil of the Nobel physics committee, and after an address the famous Indian stepped down from the stage, glided rather than walked to the King, bow ed his turbaned head to the floor and was given his prize. The ceremony was repeated with Herr Fischer and Dr. Landsteiner, both of whom, however, stood erect before the King and shook hands J with him to the accompaniment of ' frantic applause. Finally it was Lewis' turn. Dr. A. E. Karlfeldt permanent secretary " of the Swedish academy, who introduced the author, began by descrlbr lng the characteristics of three of . his works "Main Street," "Babbitt" and "Elmer Gantry." Dr. Karlfeldt said the United States was still a melting pot, and hadn't yet settled down. American literature, he said, was being created, and it was a promising Indication for the future that this literature was characterized by self-criticism. " Lewis listened to the speech with his arms folded, then walked from the stage, stood before the King and received the prize. MRS. M. L MORRIS BURIED Funeral Service Attended by Many Mourners Many prominent members of . the Jewish community of this city paid last tribute to Mrs. M. L. Morris, at the funeral service conducted at the residence, 14S Cote St. Antoine road. by Rev. Dr. H. Abramowltz, yes- leruay aiternoon. . Chief mourners were A. A. Morris, Buni rorey xitsrmunt una u. ueioer, of Toronto, A. J. Alexandor and E. Kert, of Montreal, sons-in-law; Dr. David Ballon, Bernard and Felix Alexandor, grandsons. ' Among others present were! L Ballon, K.C., S. Ballon, Dr Alton Goldbloom, Dr. D. Tannenbaum, D, Chorlton, M. J. Heilllg, H. Levy, I. Mlchlin, J. Feinbrook, Lyon Cohen, A. M. Vineberg, B. J. Hayes, H. I. Kert, Harris Vineberg, Louis Solomon, M. .. Llverman, L. Hoffman, Joseph Hoffman, J. Levlnion, sr., N. Klein berg, A. Poyaner, M. Slabosky, A. Miller, M. .Tannenbaum, Eli Jacobs. A. Cohen. PhT.ij Weckle libera, David Friedman. Aishie Vine-berg. L M. Konwitz and V. H. Kolo-meir. Interment took place in Shaar Hashomayim Synagogue. HARBOR EMPLOYEES MET Four Officers Elected and Others Nominated Officers of the Independent Association of Harbor Employees were elected last night at a largely-attended meeting in the organization's hall at 1331 St. Catherine street east. Ernest Mockridge was reelected as president, Joseph Joly as secretary. J. T. Corcoran as financial secretary, and H. A. Thomas as treasurer. Eli Lalonde and A. Daoust were nominated for the post of vice-president, one of whom will be elected on January 14. A. Joly, R. Girouard and A. E. Walsh were nominated for the position of trustee and auditor, one of whom Is to be elected also on January 14. The association will hold a dance this evening at the Palais d'Or, Stanley street, at which it is expected J. H. Rainville, K.C president of the Montreal Harbor Commission, will be present. The proceeds will be used to provide a Christmas tree for children of the association's members. HOOVER URGES WORLD COURT PARTICIPATION (Continued from Page One) lng that the subject should be disposed of at the present short session of Congress. The hope expressed Dy me president that the protocols would be arteH cm h soon as nossible after the supply and unemployment relief bills have been passed meets me wishes of the ardent supporters of the nrotocols. but does not remove the existing doubt tiiat there will be time enough for Congress to tane action. Senator Borah, who Is opposed to membership of the United States in the tribunal, showed" that he did not intend to be hasty in getting the protocols out of the foreign relations committee. Less than two months of the current session will remain when, in his opinion, that committee will authorize him to submit the protocols for the Senate's consideration. It was evident from what he said that he does know what the attitude of the Senate will be toward taking them up at this session. Another member of the foreign relations committee, Senator Reed of Pennsylvania, expressed what appears to be a view to which a good many senators subscribe In saying that he was opposed to consideration of the protocols at the present session, but he had not determined what his attitude toward them would be until he had opportunity to study the Root formula. Several, and perhaps a considerable number of Democratic senators, take the same position, and it appears likely that when the protocols emerge from the committee there will be much opposition to taking them up before all necessary legislation has been disposed of. Senators favoring ratification, but who are apprehensive of the effect of taking up the protocols at an early date, fear that if they are brought up, the way will be laid for a prolonged debate, designed to prevent action on the appropriation measures'and force the President to call the next Congress into extra session. ' The Root formula-is the only controversial feature of the protocols. This is a rewriting of the reservation with respect to advisory opinions of the Court, adopted by the Senate when it ratified the original protocols in January, 1926. That original reservation rejected the right of the Court to render an advisory opinion on any matter in which the United States has or claims an interest. This proved unacceptable to other nations and it was redrafted, by Elihu Root in collaboration with Sir Cecil Hirst. The Root formula provides, in effect, that whenever an advisory opinion of the Court is requested the United States shall be notified and have an opportunity to voice objections. Should there be objections time would be afforded for discussion with the United States and if the arguments advanced by this Government were not considered convincing then it could withdraw from membership "without reproach or ill-will," as President Hoover expressed it in his message. Of the five reservations made by the Senate to the original protocols, four have been accepted by the Court's members. If the Senate ratifies the fifth or advlsary reservation, the way for the entrance of the United States into full membership in the Court will be cleared. Senator Hiram W. Johnson, of California, a long-standing opponent of the Court, made this statement: "The President presents the so-called World Court. What kind of a court Is this, thus characterized by the President?" "We cannot be summoned before this court. We can from time to time seek its services by agreement with other nations. These protocols permit our withdrawal from the Court at any time without reproach or ill-will." APARTMENT DAMAGED Stubborn Blaze in Premises on Tupper Street A Are, which was caused by a lighted candle which had been carried into the clothes cupboard In one of the apartments, threatened the Cambria Apartments at 2116 Tupper street with destruction at 8.22 o'clock last night. The firemen were on the scene for nearly three hours before the fire was extinguished. Although considerable damage was done, no one was Injured. , The fire started In apartment IB, occupied by Saul Simon. Simon, District Chief Ruddy learned, said he had entered the clothes cupboard with a lighted candle. The flame ignited one of the coats and as a result the fire soon spread. Upon arrival of firemen under District Fire Chief Ruddy, the flames were threatening the entire building and immediately an alarm was sounded for additional men and apparatus. This brought Deputy Chief Carson and District Chief Bernier to the scene. The blase was finally checked after a stiff fight. Photographing the lnlde of the stomach is accomplished with a tiny camera, known as a "gaatropnotor." HONEY FROM GUM TO GO INTO WHEAT, WRIGLEY DECIDES Not an Advertising Stunt, President Explains in Announcing Policy PROFIT ANTICIPATED Plan Will Eelieve Strain on Pools and Price Per Bushel Likely to Go Up Toronto, December 10. William Wrlgley Jr.. Company, Limited, has decided all money owing it in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta from December 12, 1930, to May 1, 1931, shall be accumulated to purchase wheat for delivery in May, 1931, P. A. Ross, president of the company announced tonight. In other words, he said, the company proposes ! to take wheat in exchange for the firm s products. The purpose. Col. Ross said, was threefold: 1 The company does not take cash out of Western Canada, but on the contrary leaves its money in Western Canada, in Western Canada's own coin wheat. 2 The company believes wheat at 65 cents a bushel is cheap, and the company will make money by locking up some of the company's resources in wheat and holding it indefinitely if necessary. 3 The company believes the plan will relieve, to the extent of its ability, a carrying strain on farmers, pools, western business and banks, at this critical time in Western Canada's affairs. Announcing the formation of the "Wrigley wheat investment fund to buy and hold one million bushels of Canadian wheat," Mr. Ross said the offer was "in no sense a gamble, nor is it an advertising stunt." In a letter addressed to wholesalers of the firm in the Prairie Provinces, made public with his announcement, Mr. Ross says: "If wheat goes up, as we feel is ' probable, we will profit But, if it goes down, we become partners with the west, and as such, take our loss with them. Our real object is to let Western Canada pay us in kind pay in wheat for what the west owes us." In his statement, Mr. Ross announced that the Bank of Montreal and Dominion Bank would handle the company's investment fund, receiving moneys paid and purchasing the wheat. It was intimated that purchases would be made through the recognized channels. The statement stipulates that the fund will only buy wheat at or below the price of 65 cents a bushel, basis No. 1 northern in store at Port William, Port Arthur or Vancouver. If the price remains within this figure, the company's holdings would be increased from month to month, depending upon the amount collected for the fund by the wholesalers. Trading would be confined to the May future as the statement specifies that the money owing the company in the three prairie provinces "shall be accumulated to purchase wheat for delivery in May, 1931." Wheat for May delivery was quoted on the Winnipeg Grain Exchange today at 64 to 64 cents, but the company s plan does not go into effect until next Friday and the amount of money that will be avail able for immediate purchases on that day 4s unknown. If the price of wheat, however, becomes temporarily stabilized between 60 and 65 cents, the company, ac cording to its avowed intention of accumulating a maximum of a mil lion bushels, will have Invested more than $600,000. The wholesalers will receive from the company a bonus of one cent for each bushel bought by his remit tances, Mr. Ross announcement kertates. A certificate will be sent for each purchase. "We suggest," the announcement adds, "that this certificate be dis played in your office, showing as it will your confidence in taking wheat instead of cash." "Interesting;," Says Brownlee Edmonton, Alta., December 10. "It sounds interesting," said Premier J. E. Brownlee here tonight when queried regarding the Wrigley wheat purchasing plans, "but I do not care to make any comment at this time." LABOR PREMIER INTERVENES IN INDIAN PROBLEM (Continued from Page One) legislatures, in proportion, Just as Republicans would expect as a matter of course to control Pennsylvania or the Democrats Texas. The Hindus object. "WEIGHT AGE" AS SAFEGUARD In all other provinces of British India, the Mohammedans have only small minorities of the population, ranging as low as ten per cent.' In these regions they want assurance of minority representation, somewhat In excess of what the exact proportion to the number of their adherents would be. For example, if they have ten per cent population in any given province, they ask for representation on the basis of seventeen per cent, to give what they call "weightage" as a safeguard of their communal interests. The third demand of the Moslems Is for separate electorates, by means of which the Mohammedans would vote entirely by themselves for their own candidates. The Hindus, on the contrary, insist on Joint electorates, In which all voters of both religions would vote in common for the prescribed number of candidates in each community. The Hindu argument Is that the purpose of the round table conference Is to give a constitution to all of India, in which all religious differences must be submerged to make way for common citizenship. Inasmuch as there are 150,000,000 Hindus and only 70,000,000 Moslems, the latter are sceptical on this point Whether the controversy la settled or not, the conference will finish the Job of formulating some form of constitution to present to the British Parliament far approval. But it will be greatly to the interest of the Mohammedans to nave their claims allowed first, and incorporated in the constitution at the outset. Instead of having to, tight afterwards to get them from the dominant Hindu interests, in an India that is -more self-governing than it is now. Also it will be a trump card for Premier MacDonald is be can bring about pacification, and then go to the House of Commons with assurance that it is for really a united India that he asks an Increased measure of autonomy. The delegates with whom Premier MacDonald is personally negotiating are the Aga Khan, Sir Sayed Sultan Ahmed, M. A. Jinnah and Maulana Muhamad All for the Moslems, and Srinvasa Sastri. Tej Bahadur Sapru. M. It. Jayaker and B. S. Moonje for the Hindus. Except for the religious question, the conference is moving so rapidly toward the goal desired by all Indiana In London and the British Government delegation, that Lord Peel and bis associate delegates of the Conservative party to the round table conference, are becoming doubtful as to whether his party will be able to approve the proposed constitution when it reaches Parliament. For guidance in that matter he is now in consultation with Stanley Baldwin. Winston Churchill. Lord Lloyd and other Tory leaders, as to what course their delegation to the conference should take in future sessions. Winston Churchill and Lord Lloyd are among the leaders v. ho believe that India is not ready for any more self-government than she now has, and they denounce the MacDonald Government for being too lenient with the Indians as It la. They are starting tomorrow what it in tended to be a back Are against the round-table conference, by having a meeting under the auspices of the Indian Empire Society, at which Winston Churchill and Lord Lloyd themselves will speak. Similar meet ings throughout England are being arranged for the sake of creating advance public opinion, against the liberal course toward India which Premier MacDonald is undoubtedly planning to take. PURPORTED DETAILS OF PLOT PUBLISHED Daily Mail Says Anti-Stalin Conspiracy Failed at Last Moment London, December 10. The Daily Mail prints the purported details of a vast conspiracy by disgruntled Russians to overthrow Joseph Stalin. The Mail, presenting the story as the explanation of reports of mutinies and other mysterious happenings in Russia last month, said the plan was to unseat the head of the Communist party, and establish a directorate including Leon Trotzky, Chris tian Kakovsky and Gregory 8. Zlno- vieff. The two latter were exiled with Trotzky in 1928. Alex M. Rykoff, who at various times has been under suspicion by the Stalin faction of the Communist party, and at one time made a humble retraction of his "heretical" activities, was named as another conspirator. - The plans failed, said the Mall, at the zero hour, because of Stalin s superior spy system and hundreds were arrested. None of the leaders was mentioned as having been arrested .although the paper said "Ry-koffs fate is sealed." LECTURE ENJOYED Students of Westmount High Hear of B-100 Trip Dirigible development and the flight of H.M. Airship R-100 from Canada to Cardlngton last August was the subject of an address delivered last night by J. Fergus Grant to students of the Westmount High School, members of the Hl-Y Club, in the Westmount Y.M.C.A. The lecture was illustrated with slides prepared from photographs taken by Mr. Grant on the transatlantic trip, and indicated many of the scenic attractions enjoyed by the passengers. Malcolm Ransom, president of the club, acted as chairman. Yesterday's Fire CaHs Fire calls reported to headquarters during the last 24 hours from midnight Tuesday to midnight Wednesday were as follows: 12.40 a.m., box 275, Tork and Church; for fire in St. Paul Academy at 5525 Angers street. 1.50 a.m., still alarm to 4598 Messier street; for fire In sheds. 1.59 a,m., box 696, Cartler and Oau-tbler; for fire in cellar of dwelling. 2.05 a.m., box 3415, Charlevoix and St. Cunegonde; false alarm. 3.34 a.m., box 783, Visitation and Larlvlere; for fire in shed and gallery. 10.06 a.m.; telephone call to 6686 DeLanaudlere; for fire In clothes cupboard in dwelling. 2.03 p.m., box 563, St Catherine and St. Hubert; ' for fire in gasoline on street 2.20 p.m., telephone call to 6364 De-LaRoche; for fire In ironing board in dwelling at 6360 DeLaRoche street. 6.56 p.m., box 639, St. Catherine and Bleury, for fire in packing cases on stairway In dwelling at 1179 Bleury street. 7.63 p.m., box 94, DeBulllon and Elmire, for fire in shed in rear of 162 St Joseph boulevard east 8.22 p.m., telephone call to 2115 Tupper for fire in apartment house. 8.28 p.m., box 428, Tupper - and Fort, for same. 8.86 p.m., box 427, Tupper and Sussex, for same, . 8.41 p.m., automatlo box 162, Jacobs Building, 460 St. Catherine street west, for valve-kick caused by excess pressure. 10.47 p.m., telephone call to 6403 Drolet for fire in shed. ' Nobody'B Children Chas. Clarkson, honorary world's secretary of the P'nado Homes of London, England, will be the guest speaker at Sir I Walter Raleigh Lodge, R.A.O.B., tonight at their lodge rooms, 1363 Ontario street west His subjeot, which will be Illustrated, will be entitled "The Moses of Nobody's Children." The address deals with the life of Dr. Batnardo, founder of the homes, and the progress of the children from the home In Canada. Television pictures transmitted from an army observation plane were recently employed to looate and destroy theoretical enemy submarines Intent on reaching the Golden Gate and San Franclaoo. BURKE IS DEAD, BUT COMPANIONS BOTH RESCUED (Continued from Page One) River on October 11. When tbetrlo had been unreported a week, Frank Dorbandt famous Arctic flier, started search operations out of Atlin. Weather became - treacherous and Dorbandt called for assistance. Pilot Wasson flew down from White Horse and the two machines made a number of patrols in snowy weather over Burke's usual course. Then Dorbandt was forced to give up the hunt in order to take out a number of trappers who were awaiting him in Isolated parts of Alaska. Wasson carried on alone. In the meantime the Renahan tragedy occurred. A Vancouver search-machine piloted by R. L Van Der Byl started for Prince George B.C. Van Der Byl and Engineer T. H. Cressy were marooned at Thudada Lake while relief Pilot W. A. Joerss brought out the machine, able to get away only with a light load. Indian guides have gone to Thudada Lake with dog teams and sleds to rescue Van Der Byl and Cressy. TWO PLANES CRASHED. Two Pacific International Airway planes came to grief at Telegraph Creek, in North R T nn tha Join the search. One crashed and the other went through the ice, causing considerable injury to one of the pilots. Wasson meanwhile was carrying on. On November 24 he sighted the Burke plane frozen in the ice on Liard River. A week later he flew to a small lake about 15 miles from the plane and with Joe Walsh mushed through deep snow to the plane. They found a carved message on a tree reading: "October 17 leaving for Wolf Lake. Food supply low." Wasson and Walsh have made several flights since, resulting ultimately in the finding of the party as reported today. Emil Kadlng, youthful air engineer, has been a resident of VanCOUVer fnr mrtva Ko-. - vcmu o. year. His parents reside in Scapa, Alta. to.,, miuwn as tnree-fingered " was well known as a prospector in the far north Atlin area" av?aatnlaln, E- J- A- Burk9 waf a" aVlatnr nf man.. - ...,, j, jrcais experience having more than 9.000 flying hours icun. iie served during the war nHth v, r . u""s lnB and Royal Air Force ii..... uciore Deing posted to the -uuuaian irons where he flew bombme marhlno. c Cantain Rlirlra t - jt .. . .uw .cuiauicu in tne Royal Air Force for 12 years, acting as an Instructor after the war. About four years ago he came to Canada. cue. n, onori period or civil life in Vancouver ininaH r 1 . adian Air Force. With Flight-Lieut Al Morfee, he touuuciea tn nrnt oar aiThn,. . ...-j,,, IUJJ- ographical surveys In British Colum- uio. in liik aajmnn Arm avaa in inni Leaving the Royal Canadian Air ruiuo no joinea a Seattle Aviation wumpany as cnier pilot. This com-nanv had IntenrioH nno... t( ' wf..i..,iS di. 11 - way between SeattlA anrf AiaoVa .. it never materialized. Captain Burke, niier uoing some test ilylng for the xjueniB Aircran oi (janaaa. Joined the Air Land Manufacturing Company, by which company he was em-nloved at thn Hmn nf hfa Aaaty He flew north early last summer to mane nis Dase at Atlin and was ocminipd in f?arrvin& nrnmoMAra the more inaccessible parts of the norm country. Captain Burke is survived by his wife and two children, Peggy, 12, and Brian, 2, all of whom are now in a Li in . cessful in finding the lost Burke party, is only 24 years of age. He years ago and has since become a anaumn citizen. Wassnn haa Wn flvlnj in tno North during his three years in Can ada, nrst as assistant pilot and later eta fYit U n f fnr tna Tioa t-nroH- Yukon Exploration Company, White Horse. Wife Overjoyed Wrangell, Alaska, December 10. Mrs. Robert Marten was overjoyed here today to learn of the safety of her husband, brought back to civilization by Pilot E. L. Wasson from the wilds of the Llard River region, where he was lost with Emil Kadlng and Capt. E. J. A. Burke since Octo ber 11. She expressed deep sorrow at Burke's death from exposure. A message from her husband at White Horse, Y.T., says: "Dear Claire: Have two frosted toes, but otherwise in good condi tion. Love, Bob." TO WED AMERICAN GIRL' J. P. Saul, .Kingsford-Smith's Companion, Betrothed London, December 10. The Daily Mail learns from Dublin that J. P. Saul, who was navigator for Wing Commander Charles Klngsford-Smith in their famous flight from California to Australia, is engaged to marry Elizabeth, only daughter of Dr. Frederick Drake Pridham, of Baltimore and New York. The (marriage will take place next year, the paper adds. Dispatches from the Irish capital today said the marriage plans of Captain Saul and Miss Zenu Marchant,va Dublin girl, had been cancelled. Shortly after this, the Mall says, announcement was made of the Prldham-Saul en gagement CASE NEARING CLIMAX Witnesses Tell of Shepard's Gifts to Young Woman Kansas City. Kans.. December 10. Nearlng the climax of its case against Major Charles A. Shepard, the Gov ernment announced late today that Miss urace Brandon, blonde stenographer with whom the 69-vear-old army, medical officer was infatuated, wpuld take the witness stand tomorrow in his trial for the alleged poison murder of his second wife. A parade of witnesses todav related how Shepard had showered (lowers and gifts on the San Antonio, Texas, girl, including a 11,600 motor car, a pet canary and jewellery and clothing. , Endearing messages, composed by Shepard to accompany flowers delivered almost weekly, were read in the reoord, . , Defence counsel sought without avail to prevent introduction of testimony concerning gifts and attentions paid to Miss Brandon after the death of Mrs. Shepard, on the ground that such actions on Shepard's part were perfectly proper. The objections were overruled. Late in the day. with the Jury excluded, counsel argued over the admission as evidence of a statement made in Denver. March IT. 1929. by i Shepard to Government agents in vestigating the death of Mrs. Shepard. Judge Hopkins asked the defense to submit further authority and announced he would give a ruling to morrow. BILL SENT TO SENATE Provides for 4 4 -Hour Week For U.S. Postal Employees Washington. December 10. The House of Representatives today pass ed a bill providing a 44-hour week for the 300,000 postal employees of the United States. The bill, sent to the Senate, grants a Saturday half-holiday to post office employees. Cost of the legisla tion is variously estimated at t: 000,000 a year upward. U.S. FARM BUREAU PROPOUNDS VIEWS Adopts Several Resolutions After Three Days of Preparatory Meeting Boston, December 10. The Ameri can Farm Bureau Federation, after three days of preparatory meeting, settled down to the business of propounding its views and adopted several important resolutions. , Among those adopted were the following: To seek operation of Muscle Shoals by a co-operative organiza tion of farmers; opposition to amending the Agrioultural Marketing Act at this time; recommendation for stricter regulation of the grain and cotton exchanges; recommendation that funds to be used as loans to farmers in the purchase of food for foundation animals, fertilizer and seeds in the drought-stricken area, to b tti&dt) available immediately; that the present session of Congress appropriate money to insure the immediate carrying out of the development projects authorized in the Rivers and Harbor Act of 1930; that a revolving fund be organized in the federal Treasury, to be used exclusively to stabilize federal land bank bonds. The Agricultural Marketing Act resolution, in addition to opposing any amendment of the act, approved the stabilization activities of the federal Farm Board in wheat and cotton, and asked that these activities be extended to other crops. The federation recommended that the grain and cotton exchanges be licensed by the. Secretary of Agriculture, and that he should have the power to close or suspend them if he deemed it necessary. MUST MEET DEMANDS Trouble Possible If Bank Be-' mains Adamant (Canadian Press Cable.) Canberra, Australia, December 10. An Australian political crisis may result if the Commonwealth Bank remains adamant to the demands of the Labor party caucus in connection with returns to Australian wheat growers. Hon. J. E. Fenton, acting Prime Minister, stated in the House of Representatives today that the caucus had asked the Government to introduce legislation for an initial payment to growers of half-a-crown a bushel, 60 cents, instead of 48 cents. It is necessary for the bank to guarantee this payment. If appropriation of the necessary funds is defeated in the Senate and the Commonwealth Banks stands firm, It is expected a crisis will be reached early In the new year; that both houses will be dissolved and Labor will fight a new general election on the issue as defined by the caucus of "The banks versus the people." ASSAILANT EXAMINED Hamaguchi Aggressor Was Political Fanatic Toklo, December 10. Police today made public the results of their examination of Tomeo Sagoya, supposedly misguided young patriot who shot and seriously wounded Premier Yuko Hamaguchi, November 14. The reports disclosed opposition to the London Naval Treaty figured largely in Sagoya's motives and that two accomplices had been held and indicted on charges of attempted murder. Authorities said the accomplices, Ainosuke Iwata, president of the Alkokusha or "Love of Country" As sociation, and Yosjikatsu Matsuki, a member of the organization, assisted Sagoya in the plot. 1 Iwata was described as a man of strong and narrowly patriotic ideas and was accused of having given Sago ya a desire to assassinate the Premier. Matsuki was asserted to have provided pistol target practice for Sagoya on the outskirts of Toklo. Officers stated they had not found any connection betwen the accused men and any responsible t political element or individual. RAN INTO BREAKWATER SS. Prince Leopold Made Port Safely No Passengers Hurt Dover, England, December 11. (Thursday) Passengers aboard the Belgian steamer Prince Leopold, arriving late last night from Ostend, received a rough Jolt through the ship crashing into the southern breakwater of the harbor during an extremely heavy fog, but no one was injured. The steamer backed off with a buckled stem and crept safely to her berth. The Prince Leopold, a vessel of 8,-275 tons, belongs to the Belgian Gov ernment. It probably will be able to return to Belgium under its own steam for repairs, but will not carry any passengers. Work Given to 12,465 Winnipeg, December 10, Since unemployment relief projects through Joint federal and provincial aid were started this fall, a total of 12.465 persons in Manitoba have benefited by receiving work and wages, Hon. W. R. Clubb. Minister of Puhllc Works and director of unemployment relief, announced today, This number includes 3,402 single men and 1.7 famUiss. ... -. - . EX-COUNCILLORS tjit i f nrm AIT Tl I TT Six Surrender to Police Five Warrants Still Unserved in York Probe (By The Canadian Press.) Toronto, December 10. Six former members of York Township Council, for whose arrest warrants were issued today, surrendered to police tonight and were released on $5,000 bail furnished in property bonds. In all eleven warrants were issued, but up to a late hour only one of the remaining five had been served, four being absent from home. The former members of the Council arrested were: Former Deputy Reeve I. C. Woolner, Former Reeve E. J. Westbury; Former Deputy Reeves J. J. Little, W. Glen Armstrong and A. E. Baker, and Councillor W. C. McQueen. I. C. Woolner and W. C. McQueen were charged with corruption. Charges of conspiracy have also been laid against Floyd Cross, of Godson Construction Company, and H. P. Jarvls, insurance agent, while Basil Holden of the Kelson River Construction Company, Peter Mohan, of Mohan Construction Company, and former township Engineer D. K. C. Strathearn are charged with corruption. Of these latter only H. P. Jarvls was found at home. He was taken Into custody and later released on $5,000 bail. The solicitor for Basil Holden informed police his client was in Montreal, but would return tomorrow when he would call at the police station. The arrests came about as the result of the report submitted to the council by Judge J. H. Denton on his inquiry into York Township affairs- County Crown Attorney Frank Moore issued the warrants after a conference with Magistrate William Keith and Chief Constable John Faulds. Of the six former members of the Council, Messrs. Woolner and Little were the only members of the 1930 council and they resigned after Judge Denton's report was made which stated all six were "of dull moral perception," or 'actually and consciously dishonest." APPROVES NAVAL TREATY Irish Free State Recommends Steps to Ratification Dublin Irish Free State, December 10. The Free State Senate tonigh; approved the three-power London naval treaty written last spring and recommended that the Government take immediate steps toward ratific ation. When the Free State ratification is deposited, the treaty will have been fully approved by all signatories. The powers which drew the agreement, Great Britain, the United States, and Japan, deposited their ratifications at a ceremony in Octo ber, and all the British Dominions also had approved the document with the exception of the Free State. Patrick Mcullligan, Minister of External Affairs, said that if the Free State refused to ratify it would hold up the treaty. He added that great pressure .had been put upon the Irish Government by Great Bri tain and the United States who were desirous of putting the treaty into operation that the scrapping of cer tain capital ships might begin. 500 JOBLESS IN FIGHT Unemployed Demonstrators in .London Clash With Police - (Special Cable to the New York Times and Montreal Gazette.) London, December 10. London ex perienced the first of its winter un employment troubles today, when a brisk fight between police and demonstrators took place at Hammersmith. A crowd of 500 Jobless, whose lead ers were interviewing officials at the Town Hall, took possession of a private automobile park. The police were ordered not to draw their batons, and in an hour's hand-to-hand struggle one constable had a leg broken. To impede the approach of the mounted police, many unemployed lay in the roadway. There were a number of arrests, and the district is heavily policed tonight to prevent a recurrence of the disturbances. TAKES SUIT FOR $5,000 Man Says Doctor Performed Unlawful Autopsy Calgary, December 10. Claiming $5,000 from the Armstrong Funeral Home and Dr. J. D. Stewart for mental anguish because on July 21, 1930, Dr. Stewart performed what is alleged to have been an unlawful au-topsy on the body of his dead wife, Are You Letting Securing $100 a There will always be people who will prefer to let the future take care of itself. They think they will get along somehow. True, they Bee people who have become dependent on friends or relatives for a living and havla!!" a very rough time of it. But they think such an unpleasant fate couldn't happen to them. Of course notl And yet, what are they doing to prevent it? Very few people can put by sufficient money for emergencies. Something they "want" always oomes along to wipe out their savings. Money that Is easily got at is almost never kept. i There must be some way bo that their savings can be protected, even from the saver, and there should be also a provision for financial help in case of an emergency. ' Just such a helpful and workable plan fpr providing you with a sate, THIS COUPON WILL BRING BOOKLET BY MAIL . CANADA LIFE ASSURANCE COMPANY, Toronto, Ont. I would like you to send by mall, without obligation on my part.' your booklet "Getting the Income You Want." ' NAMH (Mr., Mrs., Miss) ADDRESS """" mii Mr. Isabella Edmonds, and removed ' a piece of liver which was nsed for scientific purposes. S. E. Edmonds 1 Pnted notice of claim to the ap- today. A. McLeod Sinclair. K.C, appeared for Dr. Stewart. A. H. GoodaU and Eric Stuart represented the Funeral Home. , B.C. Pioneer Is Dead ChUiiwack. December 10. Henry Kipp. 8. native of .Woodstock. OnL. and British Columbia pioneer, died at his home today. Mr. Kipp came west via the Panama Canal, taking part via the Panama isthmus, taking part in the California gold rush of 12. and then in the Cariboo rush in, British Columbia. Eight Chinese Beds Executed Hankow. China. December 10. Eight Communists, including one woman, were executed by shooting here today. They had been convicted of distributing Red propaganda. The executions were carried out in a downtown street the authorities seeking to make their cases an obi ject lesson. DEFENCE IS OPENED IN BANK NOTE SUIT- Banco de Portugal Takes Action for $5,000,000 Against Waterlow Sons (Special Cable to The New York' Times and Montreal Gazette.) London, December 10. Waterlow Sons, famous London firm of banknote printers, opened their defence today in an amazing $5,000,000 claim by the Banco de Portugal, bankers to the Portuguese Government, who assert that Waterlow's issued notes made to the bank's specification to an unauthorized person, a Dutchman named Marang. Mara'ng's associates, according to the indictment, formed the Bank de Angola E. Met-ropole in Portugal to put these notes into circulation. The notes, ach valued at about $25, bore the portrait of Vasco Da Gama, circumnavigator of the globe, and the bank alleges they were forced to withdraw from circulation all the notes Waterlow's had printed to this pat- tern, and honor ail of them which' were presented, thus suffering considerable loss. Waterlow's deny any breach of contract or duty, or that they were guilty of negligence and declare If the bank suffered any loss it was due to the bank's own negligence. Norman Birkett, one of the leading British attorneys, appearing for Waterlow's, today said in 1924 nobody in the world could have conceived for a single moment when. Marang entered Waterlow's office that he was the innocent tool of a gang of swindlers or principal of the gang. Marang, said counsel, bore as an introduction from a Dutch firm well-known to Waterlow's, a sealed contract in Portuguese whereby a man named Reis (one of the alleged conspirators) was entitled to get notes printed for the Banco Anglo E. Metropole, also a Portuguese diplomatic passport plus a certificate by the Portuguese Minister at The Hague, vouching that the power of attorney executed by Reis, which Marang had, was valid. Counsel admitted that Sir William Waterlow had been warned by his Lisbon agent that the Bank of Portugal had nothing to do with the issue of notes for Angola, but Waterlow was aware that his agent did not know what Marang told him in confidence about Portuguese finances and the unsatisfactory condition of the finances of the Government of Angola. Both , contracts wihich Marang produced, said counsel, looked official the one between : Reis and the Government of'Angola, the other between the Bank of j Portugal and the Government of Angola and these were left with Waterlow's and shown to the com- j pany's solicitor. "The company's solicitor." con-1 tlnued counsel "thought it better to draft a confidential letter to the Governor of the Bank of Portugal, and it has been suggested that it was negligence for Sir William Waterlow to have handed this letter to Marang for conveyance to the Governor, instead of sending it through the post. But Marang had been vouched for. by trusted persons, and it is, only now since fraud has been revealed that anyone had reason to suspect him." The satisfactory answer to the let ter was received through the Portuguese Minister at The Hague, and "how was Sir William to kr.ow that the Minister was dealing wholesale In forged documents?" The notes, according to counsel. went Into Portugal 'in Marang" baggage under the protection of a Portuguese diplomatic passport granted by Antonio Bandelra, Min ister at The Hague, and were in ! circulation a year before suspicion: was aroused. Meantime Marang ordered a isecond consignment from Waterlow's. The case was adjourned. the Chance of Month Slip By? sure Income has been devised by thi Canada Life. It will create an im-1 mediate income for your dependent should you die before the timal comes when you plan to retire. But the real thought is to make you independent of friends or relatives, oi the whim of an employer, when youj get on In years and your earning power begins to lessen. ! It means an effort of course fop the person who undertakes to be Independent, but it is better to real ize the facts about this vital matters now before It is too late. Our plan is already helping thousands of others along the road to safety and comfort in later life. If you are a thrifty, forward-look-,' lng Canadian citizen, determined to I look to no one but yourself for yow support, we suggest you fill out and mall the coupon below. It will bring! information by mail without anyi obligation on your part. t i 1 iiiiiiniiiiiiiiiti ' , Jud '

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