Page 4 article text (OCR)
Friday Evening, November 22, W9T. THE PHAROS-TRIBUNE PROGRAM FOR LOGANSPORT ' An Adtqual. Civic CsntM 2. An Adequate Sewago Disposal System 3. Suffucent Parking Facilitiei FROM OTHER PAPERS— No Base for Pessimism Except possibly where the fuel is concerned, the second earth satellite doesn't seem to imply that the Soviets have a discouraging lead over the United States. 'The fuel question has been raised by the size of Sputnik II, which is much larger than the first one. This time they have put a satellite •weighing about half a ton into an outer space orbit. But our scientists and technicians may not be far behind where rocket fuel development is concerned, either. It is settled that in rocket development the United States could have left the Soviet Union trailing. It seems that while the Soviets were straining to put up the first earth satellites United State initiative was in another channel. Martin Caidin, a professional analyst of our program, stated this week through International News Service that "three years ago the United States Army could •have 1 launched, with rockets then in exis- ' tence, a 20-pound satellite into an orbit around the earth." In 1955 "the United States Air Force could have sent a 150-pound payload at 29 thousand miles per hour away from the earth crash on the moon five days later." So the Soviet - United States distinc- • tion is one of purpose rather than ability. The official planners were content to . project a relatively small earth satellite ; in observance of the 1957-58 International Geophysical Year. Now that the military possibilities of the Soviets' achievements are becoming -.plainer there is extra incentive to match . their space feats and try to go ahead of • -them. A sharply accelerated United • States program is indicated. ;: So far the United States program has •.not involved great civilian or military 1 sacrifices. It appears that the Soviets ; concentrated on ICBM-earth satellite • production in a "let the chips fall where • they may" soirit. : " (South Bend Tribune) •'. The 14-year-old boy who rode his bicycle across country 3,300 miles in 33 '. days can justifiably be considered as a ' young fellow likely to get somewhere. A full-scale filibuster is almost as difficult to break up as a phone conversation between two teen-agers who have not seen each other for a day. There's no use bemoaning the fact that the United States is not universally popular. We might as well face it: The world doesn't owe us a loving, A Teamsters group voted Hoffa unlimited authority tff spend union money. Those fellows just haven't been reading the papers lately. To Anxious Inquirer, the answer is that a liberal in government is not necessarily one who favors draining the treasury with giveaways. IN THE PAST One Year Ago Miss. Grace Downs, Grass Creek postmistress, retired from her job after 50 years of service. Carl Calloway, 1816 Smead street, was in critical condition at Memorial .hospital after being injured in an auto accident. Logansport high school was handed its first loss of the basketball season by Wabash, 53-47. The local Red Cross announced it would accept contributions for Hungarian relief. Ten Years Ago The National Guard formed an anti-tank unit at Logansport, as part of the 293rd Infantry Regiment. A coal shortage threatened the city as cold weather set in. Mr. and Mrs. Charles Coder celebrated their B2nd wedding anniversary here. A twelfth son. was born at St. Joseph's hospital to Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Bowman, route 4. They also had one girl. Logansport high school beat Royal Center 64-23 in the first basketball game of the season. Mrs. Viola Bell Hawkins, 70, of 426% South Sixth street, died. Twenty Years Ago Harry Heiny, 50, of Bethlehem township, was killed instantly when his truck was hit by a train during a snowstorm. Fire destroyed the home of Mr. and Mrs. Herman Crumbo, of Monon. A daughter was born to the Rev. and Mrs. Wilbur Day, of Delphi. Dorothy Sehiele won first prize to a spelling bee at Lincoln junior high school. Fifty Years Ago An unidentified woman escaped injury when she was struck by a horse-drawn wagon on,the Third street bridge. A. J. Lindley, a local railroad brakeman suffered a crushed foot when he was struck by a freight train. Fire damaged the home of Mrs. I. Hosmer, •Mr the Clcott street bridge. Jessie Blanch Wilson, 20, died at her home near Galveston. Drew Pearson's MERRY-GO-ROUND I'M WILD ABOUT ADLAI! Drew Pearson Says: Ike rewarded chief fomenters of Inter-Service rivalry; Armed Service bickering reached white heat over missiles; Ike's policy of wanting unanimous decisions contributes to friction. WASHING-TON. — Bickering and backbiting in the Armed Forces, which contributed to our disastrous lag behind Russiag on missile - sa' lites, began under! Roosevelt whorl he gave the ad-J mirals and the! generals free rcinl to take their prob-l lems over the! heads of their ci-1 vilian Secretaries? of War and Navvi to the W h i t el House. Biekennpl continued to some extent under Truman, though at one time Truman cracked down hard. He and tfis forthright Secretary of the Navy, Francis P. Matthews, fired Adm. Louis Denfeld when he publicly knifed the Air Force in. the battle of the B-36 vs. the airplane carrier. Truman and Matthews also banished Adm. Arthur Badford to live mid-Pacific when he masterminded the attack on the Air Force:, and they sidetracked Adm. Arleigh Burke when he conducted the secret Navy Propaganda Bureau, Operation 23, against the Air Force. This had a very salutary effect. It became known around the Pentagon that the three Armed Services, now united under one Secretary of Defense, were supposed to work together for the nation's defense, not fig.it each other. Exiles Are Promoted Immediately after Eisenhower came into ofl'ice, however, he did two things: 1. "He" brought "Racford and. Burke back from exile and promoted them. He gave Radford the highest post any military man can have—Chairman- of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. And he gave Burke- the highest post any Naval officer can have—Chief of Naval Operations. This may have been a slap at . Truman. But, much more important, it v/as a signal to the three armed services that inter-service rivalry would be tolerated again. For the two men who had masterminded one of the most brazen, unfair, unjustified attacks on the Air Force r.ad been called back and promote! 2. Eisenhower also instructed the joint chiefs of staff at Quantico in the spring of 1953 that ?ie wanted unanimous dscisions from them. He didn't want a problem 'brought to him, he said, until the three armed services a/greed. Since the Army, Navy, and Air Force traditionally have difficulty agreeing on major policy, this had the effect of putting the Pentagon under a continuing state of indecision. For nine months there was no decision regarding the defense of Quernoy and Matsu because Gen. Matthew Ridgway opposed defending "hese offshores islands and the President would not step in and decide the matter -himself. For even longer there was no decision regarding the defense of French IndoChina because Admiral Radford and the Navy wanted to defend it and the Army didn't. The _ commander-in-chief, who is supposed t» make these over-all decision.5, would not do so, and Indo-China was two-thirds lost to the Communists. Frec-For-AU Rivalry On many other less spectacular problems, no decision was made. So each branch of the service proceeded to take its case to the court of public -opinion. It found that jf enough public opinion lined up en its side, the White House acted. This was why Col. John Nioker- son of Huiilsville, Ala., took the Army's guided missiles case to Congress and the public over the head of his chiefs in the Pentagon. Gradually the inter-service rivalry reached such a boiling point that it seriously jeopardized our rivalry with Soviet Russia. There bail been many other battles. Previously .there was the battle of the naval carrier vs. the Air Force's long-range bomber as to which -was best to carry the of- fensive to Moscow. There was the competition in Korea when the Navy sided with the Army against the Air Force in -wanting the right to,operate its own planes in tactical support of .ground troops. This, the Army said, was -merely the extension of artillery. There was the Army's claim that it needed to operate its own Air Force to carry airborne troops to the front. But none of these aroused as much emotionalism and -bitterness as the battle over missiles. Unquestionably it aided only one side — Russia. The Army claimed that the ballistic missile was an extension of the artillery; that the word ballistic, or ball, was even an Army word; that the Army had spent its entire career concentrating on ballistics. "Trie mi Force claimed that -the ballistic missile was another way of flying H-bombs to distant targets and that it, the Air Force, •had l.he target data, knew where to 'hit and how to hit a target. Admiral Radford, onetime enemy of the Air Force, this time as chairman of the joint chiefs of staff, sided with the Air Force. The Army was relegated to fire missiles, range of or.ly 200 mP.es. The Jupiter intermediate ballistic missile, which fired 3,300 miles and which was ahead of the Air Force's IR-BM, the Thor, was not to be fired any more. This is when Colonel Nickerson took the Army's case to the public. It is also when the Army's six satellites wore relegated to a warehouse and then bud-get bureau auditors were sent to Huntsville to keep them from being launched. The budget bureau -h-as denied this, but com-petent Army authorities who were on the scene in Huntsville state the contrary. The Army, chafing at the Pentagon ruling and -knowing that Russia was forging -ahead in the Satellite race, was planning to launch one of these satellites as a publicity stunt. But the budget bureau, learning of this, ruled otherwise .by shutting off funds. This was a case where inter-service rivalry might have accomplished a good result. Today, inter-service rivalry continues — this time concentrating on who shall operate the an-ti-mis- sile. More about the reasons for our missile-satellite failures in a future column. OPPOSES MASS X-RAYS INDIANAPOLIS (UP)—Indiana state health authorities indicated today they will be "more.firm in programs for spotting tuberculosis cases in the light of U.S. Surgeon General Leroy E. Burney's recommendation that such programs be abolished. HUBERT © 1937, King Fnturci Syndiote, he., WocW HgnU raecvrf. Angelo Potri Teach Child Acceptance of Differences May-belle, aged half-past eight, came home crying. "Nmv what's . the matter?" her much-tired -nether inquired, not too sympathetically, for this was becoming a habit. "I'm not going to play with them any more. They hurt my feelings ervery time I go out to play with them," this between choking sobs. "How did they hurt your feelings? Stop crying, MaybeUe, and tell us what is the matter this -time!". "They called me Fattie, and Fatso, and Plump-puppy. I don't care. I just won't play with 'them any more. They always liurt my feelings. Every time." "Listen, Maybelle. If you keep your feelings on your skin they are going to be hurt every time. So you are plump. You should oe at your age. If you will just say, 'Sure, I'm. plump, or fat, or whatever they call you, and grin at •them, smile instead of crying and running home, they won't bother calling you names. They have fun only when you cry and run home." Well, it takes quite a mature outlook to feel that way and children do carry their feeling pretty close to their skins. However they can be taught and encouraged to accept the facts of their personalities, their characteristics, with cheerfulness and so protect themselves from emotional pain. In public schools, especially those of the big cities, there are many different kinds and conditions of children. There are those of different races, different nationalities and languages, different religions. Some have defects o£ mind, some of body. A public school is a cross section of the people of the community and in our country it can be varied to extremes. This often makes for name calling, derision, hurt feelings and (Eights. The teachers have to take notice of this and teach the children that th,eir differences are healthy, that each brings his contribution to the .group and points out those contributions with the idea of "building up the pride of each one in bis racial and national inheritance. Finally they learn that every citizen. of this United States was once a foreigner or is now the descendent of a foreigner. On this basis they a-re all equal. Into the bargain they must learn that it is unwise to carry one's feelings 'on one's skin. It is wise to aceept cheerfully whatever difference one may-carry and make it an asset of character and personality by being a very nice Fatty, a fine member of whatever group one claims. * * * When a child says "no" to you, punishment will do little good. Bow to manage this behavior problem properly is included in Dr. Patrl's booklet No. 302, "Annoying Habits." To obtain a copy, send 25 cents in coin to him, in care of this paper, P. O. Box 99, Station G, New York 19, N. Y. ('Released by The Bell Syndicate, Inc.) Indonesia and Saudi Arabia Give Warning Swing to Soviet At Stake Over Territorial Demands UNITED NATIONS (LTP)-Unit- ed Nations delegates today weighed warnings that two important sectors ot the Eastern world may turn Communist unless their territorial demands are satisfied. Indonesian Fo r e i g n Minister Subandrio and Saudi Arabian Minister of State Alimad Shukairy delivered the warnings in two separate U. N. committee meetings Wednesday. Shukairy, speaking in the special Political Committee debate on Palestine refugees, said the West might lose not only Saudi Arabia but the entire Arab world to Russia if it maintains its present policy toward Israel. Will Drop Present Policy Subandrio, in th« main Political Committee's debate on West New Guinea, declared that Indonesia \rnight be forced to abandon its "active independent policy" if the Netherlands does not surrender the disputed territory. Shukairy proposed the return of 900,000 Arab refugees to their Palestine homes, prohibition of Jewish immigration to Palestine, outlawing of Zionism, prohibition of Zionist fund-raising campaigns and creation of a U.N. agency to send Israel's Jews back to their original homelands. Noted Red Action He noted that Russia and its European satellites already have outlawed Zionism, halted its fundraising campaigns and banned Jewish emigration to Israel. Subandrio hinted that Indonesia would line up with the Communists if it is unable to obtain satisfaction in its eight-year-old dispute with the Dutch. Dutch Ambassador C. W. A. Schurmann replied that the Netherlands will never relinquish its portion of the war-famed Pacific Island except through the will of its inhabitants. A REAL SURPRISE HOLLYWOOD (UP)—Actor Rex Ingram, bearded for 22 years, let his hair go untrimmed for 14 weeks while working in a TV series. His wife, not knowing that his next role was an unbearded dining car waiter, suggested he get his hair trimmed. "She was horrified when I came home," he said. "She'd just asked me to get my hair trimmed, and I came home without a beard for the first time in 22 years. I guess she thought I went all out." MOUNTAIN CLIMB SLATED LONDON ('UP— A group of British military officers has asked Pakistan's permission to climb 25,868-foot Diseghil Sar, one o£ the world's highest unclimbed mountains, it was announced today. The royal navy, marine and air force officers hope to leave for Pakistan next May and carry out a scientific survey ' in the Himalayan area, it was reported. PHAROS-TRIBUNE Pally (except Stttnrilfir*, Sunilnyn nnil Holiday*) 35c tier Treck dnlly find Snnilny by cnri-iem, 918.20 per yenr. By mnll on rnriil route* In Cn*«, Ctirroll. White, Pulniki, Pulton and Miami conmlen. $10.00 per yenri oiitMlde trading Rren and within Imllnltn, 4U1.00 per yonrl outside Indiana, nS.OO per yenr. AH mnll mil>*crlptioii» pnynblu IB HdvMc*. N« mull cubucriptlonji void -nher* currier Hcrrlce I* maintained. Reporter e»tnbll»hcd 1889 Tribune eltnbltahed 1007 114 'I got; your mother a swell job .in my office building, starting tonightl" Phnron e«tttbll«lied 1S44 Journal e«tal>ll«he* 184> . Pohllnhed (Inlly except Saturday and holiday* by PhuroM-Tiibnne Co., Inc., 517 Eaut Broadivny, Lonvanxport, Indiana. Entered n« Mccond clnxa mutter at th* font oMJce at I/offannport. Ind., under th« net at March 4, 1870. UEMBEn AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS AND UNITED FltESS PHAROS-TRIBUNE National Advertlnlng: Rtpr.lKtiitntlve. Inland NeiMBavel Aeyruentatlven U.S. Nuclear Weapons Program Rushing Ahead The week's good and bad news on the international balance sheet: Plans to speed American development oC nuclear weapons were ' -put on what appeared to approach a crash-program basis this week. Reports of projects for ballistic missiles, anti-ballistic missiles, an earth satellite and an atom-powered plane came in a s'.eady stream from Washington. Linked up with this program were plans to strengthen the defenses o£ the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and to tighten the unity of its 1.5 member nations. Secretary of Slate John Foster Dulles announced that the United States will seek to establish nuclear missile bases in those countries in Western Europe which want them. Responding to an invitation by President Eisenhower, Acilai E. Stevenson, his Democratic opponent in the 1852 and 1956 presidential campaigns, set up an office in the State Department ot aid Dulles in promoting' NATO unity. French Foreign Minister Christian Pineau came to the United States to confet with Dulles on the near-crisis in relations which resulted from the sending of American and British weapons to Algeria. In Washington and New York. Pineau also sought the support of the United States and other countries in the debate which the United Nations Assembly is to hold next week on Algeria. President Habib Bourguiba of Tunisia flew to Morocco to confer with King Mohanmmed V on a possible plan to end the long revolt of the Algerian Nationalists against France by compromise. Mohammed is due in the United er in Washington and to address the U.N. Assembly in New York. Felix Gaillard. France's now premier, was given a confidence vole of 256 to 182 in the National Assembly, the controlling house of parliament, on his plan to meet a treasury shortage by raising taxes. Unfortunately, the vote emphasized '.he weakness rather than (he strength of Gaillard's government. Of (he total of 59G members. 158 either were absent or deliberately abstained, including many members of parlies which arc represented in Vhe cabinet. Ru.-sia announced it would grant economic credits of up to 200 million dollars to Egypt. Tlu: aid was given, it was announced, in response lo an appeal by Egyptian President Gamal Abde! Nasser. There was some speculation whether Nasser also had asked— and obtained — additional Russian military aid. William S. Girard, the (22-year- old American soldier tried by a Japanese court for killing a woman on an Army firing range, was the .sentence was suspended. The court put Girard on four years' probation. However, as he is to return lo the United Stales in a couple of weeks, Hie probationary period is purely technical. Electricians Union Conducts Special 'How to Think' Class SOUTHAMPTON. N.Y. (UP) — A school designed to repair possible short circuits i;i the thinking process has developed a magnetic appeal for electricians. Local 3 of the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers, the largest building trades local in the nation with 33,000 members, conducts a special "how to think" course for its class A craftsmen. Each week, 30 electricians torn the New York area arrive at nearby Bayberry Land, to study, read and spark their brain cells amid the splendor of a 312-acre estate. 500 Take Think Course Since the opening semester last June, 500 electricians have taken the one-week course. They pay nothing for tuition, room or board. In fact, the joint board of New York, electrical industry pays the pupils a week's wages, $140, while they are out here .learning how to think. The school campus was once the summer home of Dwight F. Davis, donor of the famous Davis Cup in tennis and a former secretary of war in the Coolidge administration. The chauffeur's cottage alone has eight rooms. The main building is so large it has 36 bathrooms-with-fireplacps. It's a setting that would make our wealthiest colleges ivy-green with envy. Local 3 picked up this property in 1950 for a reported price of "'$l<iO,000. It was used as a convalescent home far ailing union members and when this need tapered off, business manager Har- 'ry Van Arsdale cast about for a new use. Concerned About Leisure The "how to think" school was set up because Van Arsdale was concerned about the problem of leisure time and how to get the most out of it. The electrician students, ranging in age from 25 to 70, study under the direction of Donn T. Coffee, a young instructor out of Columbia College who guides them through introductions to psychology, semantics, logic, history and economics. A basic book is "How To Develop Your Thinking Ability" by Kenneth S. Keyes Jr. Students, most of whom never, went beyond grade school and did not read much beyond pulp magazines or comic books, leave the course carrying small libraries of non-fiction books. Switch Reading Matter Those who ordinarily read the tabloid newspapers are given the .New York Times to read at the school. Times readers !ry the the tabloids. Another feature is the "rumor scene," in which a verbal account of an event is passed along by four men who were not eye witnesses. The final version then is contrasted with the actual story. "This teaches the men the pitfalls of using vague, abstract and imprecise language," said Coffee. "The course," said Coffee, "deals with how little we know rather than how much we know; how to think rather than what to think and how to improve our ideas rather than merely prove them. 'The school aims to gel the men to sit back and take a long look at Ihe process of thinking." [QUOTES IN NEWS (Reg. U.S. Pat. Off.) By UNITED PRESS SEATTLE—Dave Beck Sr., testifying in the grand larceny trial of his son, Dave Jr.: "If anyone has done anythinjj it's me." WASHINGTON - Labor Secretary James P. Mitchell, in saying he thinks the 13-month rise in living costs to a record peak has come to an end: "There may be seasonal fluctuation, but all signs point to an end to the persistent rise in the cost of living." NEW YORK —Former President Hoover, in blaming the American high school system for the shortage of engineers and scientists: "In my view there is fundamental weakness from the too prevalent high school system of allowing a 13 or 14-year-old kid to youngster's first reaction in school is lo seek soft classes, not the hard work of science and mathematics." HOUSTON, Tex. - Dr. Ernest 0. Lawrence, noted nuclear physi- ,cist, in saying it was "heartwarming" how quickly Americans are responding to the Soviet space challenge: "We are taking the necessary measures not only to insure our survival, but to maintain peace in the world for the benefit of mankind." LAFF-A-DAY C I»T, Ko| Tertiw Sp«IiaK. frc, Wdfcf rijfco mmd "Are you the patient who's been complaininr about the hospital food?"