The Billings Gazette from Billings, Montana on November 4, 1933 · 2
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The Billings Gazette from Billings, Montana · 2

Billings, Montana
Issue Date:
Saturday, November 4, 1933
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THE BILLINGS GAZETTE Page Two- Saturday, Nov. 4, 1933. AMERICAN FLEET TO CONCENTRA TE IN A TLANTIC IN SPRING 111 WEST IH FALL Have Been Stationed in Pacific Since Spring of '32. Washington, Nov. 3. UP) The United States fleet will be concen trated in th Atlantic next spring for the first time in almost four years. President Roosevelt Friday autho rized the first line of defense to start ' steaming from the Pacific to the east coast after the winter months. It " will return to the Pacific in the fall. The fleet, comprising the battle and scouting forces the latter formerly known as the Atlantic fleet have been stationed, in the Pacific sine the spring of 1932. A year before they were together off the Panama canal. The last time the two forces were to gether in the Atlantic was in May, 1930, when former President Hoover "reviewed them off the Virginia capes. During the last 18 months the navy has explained that the scouting forces were kept in the Pacific for reasons of 'operating economy. The situation in the far east was understood, however, to have played a considerable part in the retention of the full fleet in the Pacific. ' . Japanese officials several times , have asserted that the Pacific con centration contributed to tenseness in American-Japanese relations. The reason given for the order to return, not only of the scouting " force, but the full United States fleet was explained by Henry L. Roosevelt, assistant secretary of the navy, as a t return to the fleet's normal operating ' policy. ' Under this policy the fleet makes long cruises in either ocean, he said, in order that the personnel may become experienced in tactics, maneuvers and knowledge of navigation and piloting off both coasts. (Continued From Page 1.) M. Hart, George F. Shea and Darwin Harbicht to present the project to Senator Wheeler. As explained by A. T. Peterson, president of the association, only lands containing fossil remains would be included In the petition for a grant. Of little value except for grazing purposes, such acreage . nevertheless would produce sufficient Income to assure the completion and main tenance of a. natural history museum in tms city, Mr. Peterson said. . The lands would come from the 6,000,000 acres of public domain to he turned back by the federal government to various western states. "When the application is made for the grant, we shall also ask the right of licensing all 'bone hunters' who desire to prospect for fossils," Mr. Peterson went on. "Other states New Mexico, for example use this system of keeping track of all fossils removed from their boundaries and Montana would do well to follow suit." He emphasized the association's willingness to cooperate with research parties but thought that It would be wise to keep track of the activities of such groups. The memorial museum was broached soon after the death of Senator Walsh and it has gained widespread support, officers of the association said. Located in the center of a vast territory rich In fossil specimens, Billings Is the logical center of such a museum, the officers maintain. Following the session, Mr. Peterson invited all persons interested in prehistoric life to Join the association. Enrollment may be made through Mr. Peterson or Secretary R. M. Tone. Board members at the meeting, besides Mr. Peterson and Mr. Tone, were Charles A. Stroup, treasurer; Mr. Shea, Earl E. Tiffany and Eugene C. O'Keefe, directors. Mr. Harbicht and Dr. J. c. Gieg-friedt of Red ledge, ftrst and second vice president, respectively, were un-ble to attend. Set Horkan Rites. Bozeman, Nov. 3. iff) Funeral services for George A. Horkan, Bozeman attorney and former state commander of the American Legion, who died Thursday at Sheridan, wvn will be held at the Catholic church in Bozeman Monday morning at 9:30 o'clock. The body will arrive here Saturday morning and will be met by a guard of honor of the American Legion. - Announcements SMITH'S FUNERAL HOME. GORDON November 1, Frank L. Gordon, aged 77 years. SMITH November 2, Samuel T. Smith, husband of Mrs. Lissle R. Smith. Services will be held Saturday afternoon at 2 o'clock at Smith's funeral chapel. Interment In Mountview. HOLMES Services for the late George waiier iioimes, husband of Mrs. Ferol G. Holmes, will be held Sun day afternoon at 2 o'clock at the Congregational church at Broad' -view. interment in Broadview cemetery. OSNESS Services for the late Hans Larson Osness, husband of Mrs. Minnie S. Osness, will be held Sunday afternoon at 2 o'clock at the Methodist church at Huntley. In terment In the Huntley cemetery. NEELY November 3, Mrs. Julia LI1 lian Neely. Services Sunday after noon at 2:30 o'clock at Smith's fu neral chapel. Interment in Mount- view cemetery. GELOK November 3, at farm home . 10 miles north of Billings, Adrian ueioK, ageo 67 years. SMITH'S Funeral Home ESTABLISHED W ISM WISH FUI PLAN OFFERED DEATH CLAIMS WYOMING SENIOR SENATOR FRIDAY (Continued From Page 1.) publican newspapers and Republican party leaders alike talked of the possibility that no Republican candidate would be nominated against him for the senatorial election next fall. When he returned only recently from Washington where he had remained through the long, hot summer fighling for the Casper-Alcova project, the senator said he regarded that achievement as the pinnacle of his career but there was no reiteration cf his pronouncement last winter that he was tired, growing older and was "ready to claim the privilege of retirement from public life." The oldest man in the senate, Senator Kendrick observed his seventy-sixth birthday last September 6. He had been in public life in Wyoming since 1910 when he was elected to the state senate and served two terms. Gathering political prestige, he was elected governor in 1913 and filled that position until 1917 when he went to the senate where he served continuously since. In his last joust at the polls, in 1928, he was reelected by a huge majority to serve until January, 1935. A cowboy prototype of Abraham Lincoln, who studied by lantern light in the ranch bunkhouse while his fellow cowpunchers were "whooping it up" In saloons and dance halls of near-by towns, characterized the rise of John Benjamin Kendrick to one of the wealthiest livestock ranchers of northern Wyoming and a seat in the United States senate. Senator Kendrick had completed only seven grades of the grammar school at Florence, Texas, when at the age of 16 he became a cowboy. Feeling the need of an education eight years later, while on a Wyoming ranch he started to grind away nightly on grammar, arithmetic and history in the bunkhouse. The habit evidently became life-long, for later when he became a cattle owner he always carried a book, either arithmetic, litera ture, history or grammar, wherever he went, whether on the round-up or In the cattle train taking the animals to one of the great middle western livestock markets. Man of West. Bronzed by the sun and wind of the prairies, even after years of service at Washington, Senator Kendrick was a man of the west. He was six feet tall and of a powerful, muscular frame and body. The cattleman, who acquired a small empire of 200,000 acres for his herds in northern Wyoming and southern Montana, did not become interested In politics until 1910, when he was elected for two successive terms to the Wyoming state senate. In 1914 re was elected gov ernor of the state and in 1917 resigned as governor to be elected to the United States senate, where he served for two terms. Senator Kendrick was born on Sept. 6, 1857, in Cherokee county, Texas, where his parents were cattle ranchers. Transported Cattle. ; After young Kendrick left school, he became well-known as a cowboy and was assigned to the difficult task of "riding trail" on thousands of head of cattle in transporting them on foot over the vast expanses of uninhabited prairies and mountains. In this capacity, he came to Wyoming in 1879, riding trail on a herd of cattle from Matagordo bay on the Gulf of Mexico in Texas to the Running Water river In northeastern Wyoming, a distance of 1,500 miles, the journey taking five months. He was employed on this Journey by Charles W. Wulfjen, a Texas rancher, who was moving his herds to Wyoming, and later not only became Wulfjen 's foreman on his northern Wyoming ranch, but married his daughter, Eula, then a school teacher at Greeley, Colo. Returning to Texas in 1883, Kendrick invested his savings of about $115 in a small herd of cattle and again trailed them to Wyoming, where he established his own ranch. Senator Kendrick's early denial of himself from the . pleasures of the cowboy, such as gambling, later brought out his desire to prevent gambling on his ranches. Once he apprehended a group of his cowboys, engaged in a poker game. Instead of discharging them, he "sat in" himself and, before It was finished, he had "cleaned" the entire group. During his service at Washington, the senator directed his ranch from the capital, but he never failed to ride the round-up and eat from the chuck wagon in ihe summer. WAS WIDELY RESPECTED. Cheyenne, Wyo.. Nov. 2. m No other man In public or private life core tne universal respect and admiration of Wyoming as did United States Senator John B. Kendrick. fartisan politics where he was con cerned and from all over the state his constituents. ReDubliran anri Democrat alike, supported him in his labors at Washington. He had endeared himself to ail Wyomingites through his continued efforts for the welfare of the state et Washington. No project was too small to merit his attention. All Wyoming knew that in him it had a champion. Worked for Project. During his later years in the sen ate ne worked tirelessly for the Cas per-Alcova project, huge reclamation undertaking which was finally approved this summer by the public works administration. The project is under way now, it will cost $23,000,-000, and Wyoming looks on that as tne crowning achievement of Ken. drick's career in the senate. So great was his following in Wyoming that . there was talk in recent months of putting him in the senate Dy acclamation for his next term. Re publican newspapers and ReDUblican party leaders alike talked openly of the possibility that no Republican candidate would be nominated aealnst him for the senatorial election next fall. When he returned only recently from Washington where he had remained through the lone hot sum mer fighting for the Casper-Alcova project, tne senator made no secret of tne fact that he regarded that achievement as the pinnacle of his career but there was no reiteration of his pronouncement last winter that he was tired, growing older and was "ready to claim the privilege of retirement from public life." Oldest In Senate. The oldest man in the senate, Senator Kendrick observed his seventy-sixth birthday last September 6. Called a cowboy prototype of Abra- ham Lincoln, he had been In public life in Wyoming since 1910 when he was elected to the state senate and served two terms. Gathering political prestige, he was elected governor in 1913 and filled that position until 1917. when he went to the senate where he served continuously ever since. In his last Joust at the polls, in 1928, he was reelected by a huge majority to serve until January, 1935. In the senate he was known to his colleagues as a valuable if unostentatious member of the body who con tinually interested himself In matters affecting his home state. Athough a Democrat, he favored tariff protection for the products of the cattle indus try. He was known as the friend of the livestock man at Washington and sponsored successfully numerous measures for the benefit of the stock grower. Popular In Senate, As in Wyoming, Senator Kendrick was popular in the senate. It was said of him that no senator was more generally well liked. One of Kendrick's strongest friends was the late Senator Francis E. Warren, his Republican colleague for years. Some years ago Frank Mondell, Republican leader in the national house of representatives, determined to make the race for the senate against Kendrick. Pressed to aid Mondell's campaign. Warren wrote a letter to party leaders in Wyoming expressing admiration for Mondell but added the highest honor Mondell could receive was to run against a man of the high character and caliber of Kendrick. In state politics the letter was considered more of a boost for Kendrick than Mondell and Kendrick was reelected with his usual big majority. Backed by G. O. P. Editor. The recent editorial agitation for the naming of the senator to another term by acclamation is perhaps best Illustrated by the editorial expression of Jim Griffith, long known as one of the most rampant Republicans In the state. He wrote: "Senator Kendrick's term will soon expire. Why not both parties elect him for another term unanimously? The Republicans can't beat him if they tried and most of us don't want to try. The Democrats haven't anybody to run for the place. So why not both parties nominate John B. Kendrick at the next election and elect him unanimously? No greater tribute could be paid and no finer testimonial be uttered than a unanimous election to the United States senate. It would be a fitting close to a wonderful career for a great and lovable man." MUST CALL ELECTION. Cheyenne, Wyo., Nov. 3. UP) Un der the terms of a law passed by a special legislature in 1929, Gov. Leslie A. Miller must call a special election to fill the vacancy caused by the death of United States Senator John B. Kendrick, grand old man of Wyo ming politics. The 1929 law specified that if the death of a Wyoming United States senator occurs within a year of the date of the next general state elec tion, tne governor must appoint a man to fill his place. ir, however, the vacancy occurs when the next state election is more than a year away, a special election must be called to fill the vacancy. Since Senator Kendrick's death oc-cured more than a year from the date of the next Wyoming state election, Nov. 6, 1934, a special election must be called by the governor. The present Wyoming law was evolved in 1929 when a special ses. sion of the legislature was called on to clarify the law governing the ap pointment or election of senators to fill a vacancy caused by death. At the time of the death of Senator Francis E. Warren, the late Gov. Frank Emerson was so perplexed by the vagaries of the Wyoming law that he called the legislature to aid him by clarifying the law. After the new law was passed, Emerson appointed Patrick J. Sullivan of Casper, to fill out Warren's unexpired term In the short session of congress In 1929-30. COSTIGAN ADDS PRAISE. Denver, Colo., Nov. 3. (UJ!) Sena tor Edward P. Costigan, Democrat, Colorado, Friday night characterized Senator John B. Kendrick of Wyoming, who died at Sheridan late Friday as a man who "embodied the leadership and virtues of the old west." 'Colorado deeply mourns with Wyoming the loss of Senator Ken drick. Without exception his colleagues in the senate respected and admired his fine qualities of mind, heart and friendship. The sudden termination of his notable career will bring special grief to the sons and daughters of all western pioneers. To an extraordinary degree he embodied the leadership and virtues of the old west. Courage, straightforwardness, firmness of will and uprightness were as natural to him as the day. He leaves as his monument a record of long and distinguished public service ana a remarkable place In the abiding affections of his fellow men." MILLER IN STATEMENT. Cheyenne, Wyo., Nov. 3. 010 Gov. Leslie A. Miller of Wyoming, private secretary to Senator John B. Kendrick in the latter's first campaign for the senate against Senator Francis E. Warren 22 years ago and for many years a close friend and associate. Issued the following statement Friday night when informed by The United Press of the statesman's death: 'The state of Wyoming has suffered a I06S of its most valuable citizen. And Senator Kendrick's family has suffered the loss of a very wonderful husband and father. I know that all Wyoming will grieve with me in tnis most unhappy time. Senator Kendrick's service to his state can. not be measured In words. As private citizen, as state legislator, as a eov ernor, and as United States senator he gave unstinting service every day of his life. To know him was to love him. And I believe I can speak for all the people of my state when I say that Senator Kendrick will be missed as had been no other character in all the history of the state." What Really Counts. Mrs. Fitzwell (socially inclined) "My dear, I've picked out a husband for you." Daughter "Very well, but I tell you emphatically that when it comes to buying the wedding dress I'll select . the material myself." Seaside Herald. CITY RESIDENTS LAUD1DH Passing of Wyoming Senator Is Blow to This Area. Billings residents Friday night Joined with citizens of Wyoming in common sorrow over the death of Senator John B. Kendrick at his home in Sheridan. Although his condition had been known to be critical, hope was held here for his recovery until his death was announced. His passing was regarded by leaders of local opinion as a severe blow to southeastern Montana. On many occasions the dean of Wyoming's senators had expressed hiB friendship for the section In solid deeds and he was working for the realization of the Big Horn canyon dam project when he was stricken. Word of his death evoked sympathetic comment on all sides. A few expressions follow: Former Senator H. L. Myers: "It was my pleasure to serve with Senator Kendrick from the time he entered the senate in 1917 until 1923. I had a very warm attachment for him. He was a loveable man In every respect and faithful to the confidence and trust reposed In him. His death is not only a blow to Wyoming, but a great loss to Montana and the nation at large." Sterling Wood: "Senator Kendrick was a man of great merit. He was a credit to the entire country and his loss will be greatly felt." Mayor F. L. Tilton: "Wyoming has lost a great man. He was almost as well known In Montana as in his adopted state and we here In Billings will share the universal sorrow over his death." Judge R. C. Stong: "Senator Kendrick had a very warm friendship toward Billings. We who knew him loved him. He was of great assistance to the city at the time of the flood control meetings here in 1930 and despite his acquisition of wealth and the many honors showered on him he never forgot the people in ordinary walks of life." Guy C. Derry, presidential elector from Montana and chairman of the Yellowstone Democratic central committee: "Although I had m-t Senator Kendrick only a few times, I entertained a warm respect for him. His death hit the Democratic party a hard blow, but not nearly so hard a one as sustained by the people of Wyoming." R. E. Cooke: "Montana will miss him. He was a friend of this state and proved it on many occasions when it needed a friend a court." Judge O. F. Goddard: "It is hard to measure the loss of such a man. His life was an epic and few attain the heights he reached yet remain In such close contact with the people." Eugene C. O'Keefe: "As president of the Billings Commercial club, I wish to extend my sympathy to the people of Wyoming. They have been deprived of a loyal and loving leader." Wyoming dude ranchers, here for their annual convention, were stricken when the news of the senator's death spread through their assembly. Montana ranchers, knowing of Senator Kendrick's unceasing fight for the preservation of the natural beauties of the west, reflected the sorrow of their colleagues. I. H. Larmon, Valley, Wyo., president of the Dude Ranchers association: "The dude ranchers have lost their strongest and staunchest supporter at Washington in the death of Senator Kendrick. Every member of the association, regardless of political affiliation, has looked on the senator as the foremost exponent of every principle this association has stood for In the development of the west." For himself, Mr. Larom, who Is a prominent political leader of Wyoming, said: "Rock-ribbed Republican though I am, I do not know when I have met a man with so strong a character and so winning a personality. His key to success, I believe, was his ability to remember faces and names of persons whom he had met only once and to place them instantly." During the senator's brief Illness, the dude ranchers, received hourly bulletins from Sheridan, wyo., on his condition. Paul Greever, Cody, Wyo., representing Gov. Leslie Miller at the Duoe Ranchers association's banquet Friday night: "He (Senator Kendrick) was a tre mendous Influence In Wyoming ever since he first entered politics in 1910. He was a typical old-time cattle man and never lost touch with the people of his state after his election to the senate. Every community whenever it wanted something, no matter how minor, called upon the senator and always received his sincere attention. He had his own ideas and spoke them frankly. His influence in the senate was far greater than that of many whose names appear constantly on the front pages. Through him Wyo ming got more recognition than most states of 6mall population could have hoped to have gotten." LAV OFF ill (Continued From Page 1.) until each employed will have reduced his working time by seven days. As soon as he completes his seven-day layoff, each workman will resume his Job as before, the officials said. "The company is taking this mandatory step in compliance with the new prohibition against work In this country," a Ford company spokesman said. " NRA HEADS AMAZED. Washington, Nov. 3. UP) Recovery officials Friday night were amazed to hear that Henry Ford intended laying off all his men seven days to come within the 35-hour average work week permitted by the automobile code and indicated this action was regarded as a definite violation of the spirit of the industrial law if not of the letter of the code. Pending more complete information as to the Ford plans Administrator Hugh S. Johnson and his aides declined to comment. So far as is known in Washington r n a die mm HIE MEET (Continued From Page 1.) one of the most beneficial to the members of the two days' meetings. Open forum discussions were being held on park, forest service, Diologlcal survey, game and fish, and federal and state department subjects. Among the reports delivered were "Trail Riders of the National Forests," by R. F. Hammatt, assistant regional forester at Missoula, and "Fire Control Truck Trails and Game Management," by Evan W. Kelley, regional forester at Missoula. At the sessions on Saturday, members of the ranches will meet to discuss districts, dues, membership, magazines and the NRA. At 1:15 o'clock, the election of officers and directors will take place. The resignation of the executive-secretary, A. H. Croonquist, at the Thursday meeting was one of the outstanding features of the entire convention. Mr. Croonquist, who has held the position for the past two years, has decided to return to dude ranching and will be connected with Struthers Burt and Irving P. Corse at the Bar B. C. ranch at Jackson, Hole, Wyo., one of the oldest established organizations in that section. "I resigned in order to get back in the active ranch game," the executive-secretary stated, "but I intend to continue to work for the development of the association and the dude ranch industry In the west." Mr. Croonquist entered the dude ranch business In 1912, has been a member of the association since Its inception, and served as vice president of the organization for six years before becoming executive-secretary. The resignation of Mr. Croonquist came as a distinct surprise to officials of the association. Irving H. Larom, president of the organization, stated Thursday afternoon that a number of applications for the vacancy had been made and If a suitable man for the position is found before the meeting adjourns Saturday, the board of directors will undoubtedly make the appointment. Otherwise, a new executive-secretary will be named within two months. v At the afternoon session Thursday, a report submitted by the Wyoming dude ranch game and fish committee pronounced its work In working with the Wyoming commission and legislature in passing a bulky game bill which resulted In Wyoming becoming one of the most attractive states for the nonresident as well as the resident sportsmen vacationists and hunters, with a corresponding increase In revenues to the game and fish commission. Some of the high spots of the bill provide for the Issuance of 150 moose permits instead of 100; resident moose fee $25 Instead of $50; nonresident moose fee of $50 instead of $100; a $5 resident hunting license entitling the holder to kill one deer, one elk, one mountain sheep and game birds; a bag limit of 20 fish a day instead of 30; a tourist license good for five days of fishing at $1.50; and reduction from 16 to 14 In age limit required of purchasers of hunting and fishing licenses. Joe Hendricks, superintendent of the Montana bird farm, who is attending the meetings, told a Gazette reporter Friday that during the past few weeks, 10,178 pheasants had been liberated and distributed in 50 counties In the state. This is the largest liberation to ever take place. Last year, 5,000 were freed. After exhibiting a Lady Amherst pheasant, a silver and a black pheasant in the window of t.h Ruunm Hardware store for two Hivs urr Hendricks replaced them Friday morn ing witn a pair or Mongolians, a Reeves, and a golden. In discusslncr fire control PrMmr afternoon, Mr, Kelley emphasized the utxa 01 eliminating obstacles that hinder the firefighters from gaining access to the seat of the fire. "While man-caused fires are usually inexcusable, lightening is the chief offender causine 73 tier cent or the fires or 9,435 of the 13,494 during the tas, iu years," Mr. Kelley says In his report, "while 795 of 5.9 per cent are charged to campers and 1,508 or 11 per cent of the total to smokers. So after all, as reprehensible as human carelessness may be, the fact that lightening fires starting at points usually remote from control resources constitute the major risks to forests." To eliminate the obstacles to speed and adequacy of attack strength, Mr. Kelley recommends the elimination of hours and minutes In the discovery of the fires and preparation for speedy and successful attack of fires after discovery with an adequate supply of tools of appropriate selection always ready for immediate transportation. He also encourages that a force of fire guards trained in the art of fire suppression be maintained. Carl Lund, superintendent of the Wyoming fisheries, sent a letter of regret to the delegates that he could not attend the convention end stated, "Our planting is not quite complete but in round figures it will consist of about 10,300,000 fish that are reared in our eight state hatcheries. In addition to this number, our department assisted in temrjorarllv holdimr and later distributing approximately x.ouu.uuu iisn oDtamed by the various sportsmen's organizations throughout the state from the United States bureau of fisheries." Report Large Sale Of Northwest Grain Portland, Nov. 3. UP) Government agents announced that since Monday nearly one million bushels of wheat has been sold to foreign buyers as the federal emergency export corporation movea to relieve the Pacific northwest of a 40-million bushel wheat surplus. The governmest takes a loss of about 20 cents a bushel on all grain thus moved, paying the exporter the difference between the domestic and the lower French quotations. no other automobile concern besides Ford has resorted to such a step. A distinct possibility emerged Friday night that if the statistics show Ford has been working his men at a steady higher average than provided by the code without a corresponding rush of production officials might study whether this did not constitute an actual violation of the code terms. Should they regard this to be the case it was expected that Johnson would follow his promise of last week and mm over tne iue on Ford to the de partment of Justice. FARM RELIEF E (Continued From Page 1.) of North Dakota, and Schmedeman of Wisconsin. The all-day conference of the executives with farm administration officials was interrupted from time to time as they received messages from home urging them to insist on price fixing and asserting that the farm strike movement was spreading. Reports were also received telling of violence in Wisconsin, Nebraska and Iowa as an outgrowth of unrest among farmers. At a previous meeting in Des Moines, the governors agreed to ask that prices be fixed at production costs plus a "reasonable profit" to farmers, that this be incorporated in an NRA code for agriculture, and that farmers be assigned quotas and licensed. Olson said that since opening discussions here, they had been informed parity prices were higher than production costs as determined by cost accounting methods, so he adopted a new goal. Parity is the price for a product sufficient to give its producers prewar purchasing power. He said they also found that an NRA code would not be possible because the industrial act specifically exempted farmers from Its licensing provisions under an amendment pressed by Senator Long, Democrat, Louisiana. The governors then turned to the provisions of the farm act that authorized Wallace to enter into marketing agreements, or to prescribe them and to control the marketing of commodities, and developed the new program which Olson said called for: Fixing prices of the six commodities by December 2 at parity which would be $1.03 a bushel for wheat; 75 cents a bushel for corn. $3.50 a hundred pounds for hogs; $8.70 for beef cattle; 30.6 cents a pound for butter fat and $2.08 a hundred pounds for milk. Licensing of handlers and processors of these commodities would require them to pay the fixed prices. This would mean licenses for packers, millers, manufacturers of corn products, creameries, cheese factories and plants distributing milk. Assigning quotas to each farmer representing the amount each would be allowed to produce and the amount each would be permitted to sell. Cards would be given each producer and at given intervals farmers would be authorized to sell a given percentage of their quota. The quotas would be based on past production and temporarily, until a complete check of production records was made, tentative quotas would be fixed based on claims of farmers supported by affidavits. The quantities farmers would be permitted to sell would be those which the department of agriculture ascertained could be absorbed by the processors. Olson said farm officials asserted It would be necessary' "to spend billions of dollars" to purchase products which the processors might be unable or unwilling to purchase and that this would amount to stabilization which the department desired to avoid. Olson said the governors offered to police the plan In their states and were confident it could be successfully employed not only there but in five other states, Nebraska, Kansas, Missouri, Indiana, Illinois and Wisconsin. , He added that the department said there might be a prospect of employing it in these 10 states but that it would be unworkable unless used on a national scale and that they believed farmers In other states would definitely oppose government compulsory Interference with their production. STRIKERS TIGHTEN GRIP. Des Moines, Nov. 3. UP) Farm strikers tightened their grip on farm-to-markct highways In five mldwest-ern states Friday night. While five governors sought to ef fect an Immediate price-lifting program through the federal administration, renewed bombings In Wisconsin, fisticuffs in Iowa, and violence in other states were reported. The intensified picketing brought from Congressman F. H. Shoemaker at Minneapolis the assertion that "it may be impossible to quell demonstrations" uness farm prices are raised immediately. In a telegram to President Roose velt he said farmers were organizing military units under ex-service men. Four companies already were train ing and arming themselves with tear gas bombs for protection in central Minnesota, he charged. Peace officers In the area, however. denied knowledge of the organization. Creameries at Krakow and Zachow, Wis., were bombed Friday, the sixth such occurrence since the strike began 11 days ago. Despite the order of Arnold Gil berts, Wisconsin president of the Farmers' Holiday association, 600 Holiday and Wisconsin milk pool members voted unanimously to continue the strike at Madison Friday. Twenty miles from the Sioux City market, Vem McFarland and Ward Libby were beaten by farm pickets, fired upon with shotguns and forced to turn back to their home near Odebolt. Their cattle were unloaded and an attempt made to burn their truck. Picketing was reported also in South Dakota, the eastern border of Ne braska and Minnesota, members of the Alabama Dairy league at Birmingham Friday Joined the strike, voting to hold their milk until the price was increased 17 cents to $2.35 a hundredweight. Doubt was expressed at farm headquarters Friday night that a "parity price" program being considered in Washington by Secretary Wallace and the governors of Iowa, Minnesota, North and South Dakota and Wisconsin would affect the strike. The farm strike office pointed out unofficially that the strikers' demand was for cost of production prices, and that a parity level, on the basis of 1910-1914 price index, would not provide the desired production cost Fear was expressed, also, that the governors might be "talked out" of the program which they took to Washington after a conference here with farm representatives this week. Advised of press reports a "parity price" program for farm products was under consideration, John Chalmers, president of the Iowa Farmers Holiday association, warned: "If this is all Henry Wallace and his 'brain trust have to offer the farmer, I propose to send the call to members of the Iowa Farmers Holiday I association to strike with every weap- H SWOPE PLAN E (Continued From Page 1.) means of self-government, the president believes, and still has far to go in some lines before it can be entrusted with its own affairs. When a permanent organization Is worked out to replace the NRA, an emergency institution, a basis will be sought which will prevent dangerous economic swings, it was explained Thus further emphasizing the already accepted belief that Mr. Roosevelt is thinking In long range terms in modeling his recovery program and will not willingly allow the Industrial system to go back to rugged individualism or to model Itself Into a super-government independent of the established government. As the NRA found Itself strengthened by the White house expression of confidence, It also found back on its doorstep a problem which It had hoped was settled the Ford strike. Rejection by Ford strikers at Edge-water, N. J., of settlement terms offered by the Ford Motor company, seemed to make it probable that the national labor board would have to step into the situation sooner or later. The Ford company has recognized the principle of collective bargaining, but the workers charge the company insisted on retaining its "despotic methods of hiring and firing without notice and without ascertainable cause." The workers fear that as long as this power is held workers who join unions not approved by the company will be discharged without redress. Ford Is obeying the automobile code now, but whether he would consent to labor board arbitration of an employes' dispute remains unsettled. The labor board Friday night ordered R. G. Wagener to return to Edge-water to offer his aid as mediator. He was at Edgwater during previous conferences between the strikers and Ford official but was not called in to aid. (Continued From Page 1.) Sheriff Scott plans to take Lanier into federal court here Monday and expects an almost Immediate conviction. "The penalty, I believe. Is 20 years for such cases, the sheriff said. The arrest and confession came in less than 12 hours. Lanier was arrested at 6 a. m. Police kept the news secret until Friday afternoon. The first letter was sent on October 28, written on coarse, ruled paper. It did not specify a time for delivery of the money. The second letter, two days later, named Third street and Dunlelth avenue. Department of Justice agents at Charlotte prepared the brown paper package which Lanier picked up. This course of action was directed by J. Edgar Hoover, chief of the federal bureau of investigation, who was contacted by Shratton Coyner, Reynold's attorney, after the first letter had been received. Lanier strolled by the corner several times and was nabbed when he stepped 15 feet back from the curb and picked up the package. Coyner, counsel for Reynolds, said the letters did not alarm the Reynolds household. When all the facts were revealed, Reynolds asked that Lanier be dealt with leniently. Mrs. John L. Dillar, mother of Mrs Reynolds, said she knew nothing of the letters but hoped they would not excite Mrs. Reynolds due to the impending birth of a child. Reynolds and his wife, the former Miss Elizabeth McCaw Dillard, were married early this year. On July 6, 1932, Reynolds' younger brother, Smith, 20, died from a bullet wound under mysterious circumstances. His Broadway torch singer wife, Libby Holman Reynolds, and his life-long chum, Ab Walker, were charged with murder. Later the state dropped the charges. Hold Dinner. The third annual Montana Products dinner sponsored by the First Christian church of Billings proved successful Friday evening, 125 guests enjoying the repast. The menu was built around three meats baked ham, roast pork and roast beef all of which were grown in Montana. Other items on the menu, including canned corn, peas, potatoes, and sugar, were likewise grown in the state. The fare was provided by local wholesale establishments. on at their command Monday morning." "So-called parity prices," Chalmers asserted, "based on prewar levels, are an insult to any thinking farmer. Such prices have never taken into account the tremendously increased overhead of the farmers since that time."' L. W. Housel, a Democratic candidate for governor of Iowa in 1928, wired Governor Herring at Washington: "Why not come home to Iowa and join with the courageous Governor Langer (North Dakota) in declaring an embargo on agricultural shipments from Iowa? Grandstanding in Washington don't help our Iowa farmers." WINTER IS HERE For Solid Comfort See Us About an OIL HEATER BROWN OIL AND GAS CO. 101 South 29th St. Billings, Mont. FISTWEK FRUSTRATE TRY AT EXTORTION CITY RECEIVES IID1HI (Continued From Page 1.) grees above zero. Additional enow was forecast. TEMPERATURES SKID. (By The Associated Press.) King Winter laid claim to Montana Friday night and after having covered most of the state with snow launched an attack on the thermometer. Subfreezing temperatures prevailed, but the thermometer was not expected to give way to the zero mark. It was 16 above at Livingston and IS at Great Falls Friday night. The snow, which was preceded In, many places by rain and sleet, made travel difficult on some mountain roads. The Montana Automobile association was advised the rain and snow caused three rock slides west of Missoula on United States highway No. 10 Thursday night. Traffic was understood to have been interrupted only temporarily. The slides occurred between Al-berton and Cyr, between Ashmore and St. Regis and between Deborgla and Saltese. More than three inches of snow fell In Helena and larger amounts In the mountains near by. A plow kept MacDonald pass, west of the Capital city, open to travel. Other points east of the continental divide reported one or more inches of snow. Kalispell, west of the divide, received .84 of an inch of precipitation. In the Great Falls area temperatures dropped 25 to 30 degrees in 12 to 18 hours. Reports to the Montana Power company showed it was snowing Friday night from Neihart southeast to Billings and south to Helena. The storm moved eastward late Friday and caused the cancellation of at least two high school football games slated for Saturday. These were the Butte Central-Miles City and Big Timber-Livingston contests. . The cold weather is expected to continue through Saturday, with a further drop in temperature in the extreme eastern portion. The forecast said it will be generally fair Saturday and Sunday. At Bozeman four inches of hard, dry snow fell after the day had begun with rain. Temperatures were below freezing most of the day. Gallatin county hunters were delighted with the storm which they said would bring the first good elk hunting, of the season in the Gallatin canyon, usually one of the best elk hunting grounds in the region surrounding the Yellowstone park. Missoula and western Montana experienced a severe snowstorm shortly before noon Friday, although the weatr- -r was not cold. The storm continued for a couple hours and as evening approached the ground still was covered. It is estimated that better than an4nch of snow fell. The temperature at 6 o'clock was 34. Air mail pilots for the National Parks Airways found the going tough during the storm. F. S. Nelson made three forced landings in flying from Great Falls to Helena and required more than six hours for the trip. H. C. Hollenbeck was reported to have been forced down In Idaho. DE.VVER GETS SXOW. Deaver, Wyo., Oct. 3. (Special) Warm rain falling Friday morning in the section of Deaver and its surrounding vicinity, was followed by snow and wind which by noon had ushered in a blizzard of considerable intensity. The preceding weeks have been unusually warm. Stanley Pickett Last Rites Held Friday Afternoon " Funeral services for the late Stanley Pickett were held Friday afternoon at 2 o'clock at the Congregational church at Ballantine, with the Rev. Thomas McCamant in charge. Interment was in Valley View cemetery at Ballantine. Mrs. C. O. Stout and Mr. and Mrs. C. E. Matteson, accompanied by Miss Betty Stout, sang "Saved By Grace," "When My Soul Reaches Home" and "God Will Take Care of. You." Pallbearers were W. Farmer, Herman Mc-Kinney, Henry Pierce, Arthur Pierce, E. C. Blackman and Guy Wolf. Mr. Pickett is survived by his wid-. ow, five children, his parents, five brothers and four sisters. O. J. Lacy Here. O. J. Lacy of St. Paul, executive vice president of the Minnesota Mutual Life Insurance company, was in Billings Friday en route home after attending the funeral at Helena of the late Harry R. Cunningham, president of the Montana Life Insurance company. While here Mr. Lacy conferred with C. J. Carroll, general agent for the Minnesota Mutual. Oh, Promise Me and the Fans. "What now?" "The radio marriage." "A National hook-up, eh?" Louisville Courier-Journal. Runck's 122 North Broadway Showing a Group of NEW SILK AND WOOL DRESSES Street, Afternoon and Tea Model. They sparkle with newness. Every dress is an exceptional value. $7.75 -$10.50 HATS! 100 Turbins and Brims e lected from our fall stock. Special $1.00

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