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Historical Sooiety Bismarck, N. Dak. 11-11-52 TEEE MARCK TKIBUNE rhoughto lor Today imK tor much Wt wut he "hm 00,1 hi Jit" hind much to Thi Wvcrthtr Pouibk Showera Low Tonight 58 North Dakota' Oldest Newspaper Established 1873 VOLUME 79 NUMBER 156 BISMARCK, N. WEDNESDAY, JULY 2. 1952 PRICE FIVE CENTS i BIS Browsing WODK klUUJU UUU LUU it it it Stalin Spies Made History's Biggest Steal (It was the biggest challenge in the history of espionage to steal atomic secrets from the United States.
And it succeeded, thanks to the efficiency of Stalin's secret army and the help of dupes in the West. How it did the job is related in this story, second of a series on Russian espionage.) ys' i 55 By WILLIAM L. RYAN AP Foreign News Analyst Col. Nikolai Zabotin leaned back in his swivel chair and beamed at the message on the desk before him. "Well, Vasily," he purred to Lt.
Col. Rogov, his aide, "I have nothing to be afraid of now, when I go back to Moscow." Zabotin was military attache of the Soviet mission in Ottawa. On hist desk was a message from "the director," chief of Soviet Russia's military intelligence. Dated late in 1945, it was full of congratulations, and the director had added "I wish you further success in your honorable work." It informed Zabotin he had been awarded the Order of the Red Star and the Order of the Red Banner, Moscow's gifts to men who do exceptional organization work. Zabotin had indeed done an exceptional job.
The organization set up and directed by him, under cover of diplomatic status in a nation which even then was fighting on Russia's side in the war, revealed the pattern of a vast international spy ring which may yet be regarded as the most suc 1 Around jTUh ALLAN EASTMAN The question for today Where io you plan to spend the Fourth of July? The answers- Mrs. Archie McGregor, Selfndge. '-At Rawleigh." Mrs Elmer Kettcrling, Hed. -1 think it will be at home." Mrs. John Schon, 323 Thirteenth gt Lake." Mrs.
George Wanner, Antelope. "At home." Ann Doll, 714 W. Rosser Ave. "1 am going to stay at home." SWITCH A young fellow in Chicago is the toy business and he got there because he once had a great desire to manufacture a sturdy, unsink-ible row boat. He believed such boat was needed by resort owners who are constantly explaining Ihey can't buy a boat that will stand the gaff of the tourist trade.
After a couple of seasons, with paying guests at the oars, the average rouboat is ready for drydock or the dump heap. So the Chicagoan went Into the boat business and was doing very well until the Korean police action came along and forced him to operate at half production because of shortages. About then, i friend, the owner of a pet shop, came along and asked if he would make toys for parrots. It seems that in between lessons on how to talk the mother tongue, a parrot must have time out for play. But thousands of parrots all over the country were unhappy at playtime iccording to the petshop owner, be cause there was not a single fac tory in the land devoted to the manufacture of toys for parrots.
This was shocking news to the boat maker and he agreed to swing into production to clear up the shortage. Now, he has a thriving toys for parrots business, netting some i year, twice what he expected 'o clear from the rowboat business. SHORT-SNORTER A story in a Butte, newspaper gives credit to a onetime Bis-narck man for originating the "Short-Snorter" dollar hill which was so popular during World War II. The story: Joe Hare, a former Bismarck resident who holds the office of president of "The Short-Snorters of America" says the Short-snorter organization which lirmen carried around the world In the last war, was originated in Butte. Hare said, "Back in 1915 when I was working for a lumber company a group of fellows used to meet at the Orpheum bar.
Whenever we saw a newcomer we incited him to become a member of cur group. We would make him an admiral of the Swiss navy and the chance was one dollar, which, s'ith the dollars collected from each member of the erouD was used tn Ouv dnnks. One riav fnltnu- in ana we made him a member. Then he informed us that lie did not drink very much, so I Hid to him, in that case we will make you just a short-snorter. The name somehow caught on right 'hen and there and we used it around Butte ever after.
During World War II, some airmen heard our club and picked up the idea, pat is how it gained world-wide lame." GREATER I have heard it, you have heard time after time, that the atom wmb is so terrible, so destructive it might be looked upon as a eajvm of peace and not war. And Mt is exactly what the French Bidet Levondini thought nen he invented the flintlock rifle "hich he called "La C'haumette." f-evondini had great hopes for his mention. It was such a terrible apnn, he maintainpH thnt if mild prove to be a blessine tn all cessful espionage operation in history. THE CANADIAN OPERATION was not isolated. It was closely linked with operations in the United States, in Britain, and even in Sweden, where its activities are still coming to light.
Its discovery when the Soviet embassy code clerk, Igor Gouzenko defected in Ottawa showed that Stalin's secret army abroad was directed from a building at Znamen-sky 19 in Moscow headquarters of the Soviet army's general intelligence. TVk 1346 Canadian disclosures provide the thread which can be followed to the operations of atom scientist Klaus Fuchs in Britain, to the ring operating in the United States and even to the one operating in What Gouzenko disclosed sent 30 persons to prison. Among them was Dr. Alan Nunn May, British atom scientist captured in London jn 1946 and -tried there for his activities SPLINTERED BOARDS ARE all that remain of the farm home 11 miles southwest of Wing where Louis Olson lost his life in a tornado Tuesday evening. Olson was killed when the twister lifted his home and carried it 200 feet through the air.
The other members of his family had found shelter in the basement. Two automobiles, the barn and chicken coop were also destroyed. Scores of dead chickens littered the farmyard after the storm had wreaked it havoc. (Tribune Photo by Leo LaLonde) Family Watches Farm Disappear it screaming and crying and we were all huddled together in one corner of the basement, trying to protect on another Besides Mrs. Olson and her son were her husband and the Melvin Errrkson family of six.
including four children, who live nearby. After destroying a granary, self-described ''regular" delega tion, which has been representing solidly pro-Taft delegation seated in its stead. The "regular" delegation num-l bered 14 Eisenhower supporters, two Taft men and one uncommit- led delegate. THIS MEANT a net gain of at least 15 convention votes for Taft, figuring he already had two in the (For more politict, tee Page delegation thrown out and now gets 17 from the successful delegation. In the Associated Press tabulationbased on avowed and conceded delegate votes the victory put Taft ahead of Eisenhower, 49 to 410, with 604 votes needed to win the presidential nomination.
There was no doubt the angered Eisenhower backers would appeal Wednesday's Committee action to the Convention Credentials Committee and fight it out on the convention floor, if neces- (Continued on Page 3) in the Canadian ring. He drew 10 years. Hey, Mommie, Look! A Fire Child Shouts As Tornado Approaches Farm THE ACTIVITIES of Nunn and the others were organized in the special sections of the Soviet embassy mission, but the royal commission's investigators said Ambassador Georgi Zarubin was not directly involved. But in 1946, when Canada put the heat on the Soviet spies, Zarubin was withdrawn and assigned to London. Now, as he is leaving London to become Stalin's ambassador in Washington, a new spy story has broken, involving the contacts of a young foreign office radio operator with an attache of the London Soviet embassy.
Ft. was not until four vpars after the Canadian rinc was By FRED MO EN WING i "Hey, Mommie, look! a fire," eleven-year-old Dclbert Olson snouted excitedly. "It's black and it's smoking." Mrs. Edwin Olson took one look. saw a black, funnel-shaped cloud swooping down on the farm, heard a roar, then with eight others Buildings Leveled At luflle The worst storm to hit in the Bimarck area in years left one person dead and scores of buildings destroyed and damaged in its wake.
The twister-type storm struck about sirppertime Tuesday, hitting an area beginning about 12 miles southwest of Wing and traveling northeast beyond Tuttle in Kidder County. Dead Is Louis Olson, 70, who lived 11 miles southwest of Wing. He was killed when the twister destroyed his home as he was heading for shelter with the rest of his family. He was the last to enter the basement. Other members of the family escaped.
The Tuttle area apparently caught the full brunt of the storm. Mayor Clifford Riskedahl said it was the worst storm that ever hit the village of 360 persons. Tuttle it 65 miles northeast of Bismarck and 15 miles east of Wing. Clinton Denison, state Red Cross relations officer, reported that three homes in Tuttle were destroyed and 21 more badly damaged. He said a Farmers Union feed warehouse was destroyed along with a bulk oil station.
He listed eight other business places as badly damaged. AT WING the damage was less severe and confined to strong winds and hall. J. O. Lein, a Wing merchant, reports that virtually every window facing south wa broken.
The storm traveled from the southwest to northeast, striking just about supper time. Mrs. Boyal Benson, the telephone operator at Tuttle, said residents there had about 15 minutes warning before the storm struck. Sh was the one who tailed th Bed Cross in Bismarck. She said she stood In rh donrwaf and watched the storm, Power and telephone Koe war torn down and there was no accurate count of the rural home and buildings destroyed.
Tuttle still was without power today. Lumber yards in both Tuttl and lumber for building repaira. business Wednesday in shinglef and lumber for building reapirs. LEIN ESTIMATED that eight farms in the Wing area and four near Arena were badly hit. He said that even the fences were torn up on the Edwin Olson farm and that a hayrack was thrown into the; living room.
The Ltu! Olson house Wo thrown about 200 yards horn its foundation, Lein said. The Dave Hill family near the Olsons escaped death or serious injury by chance. They were in Bismarck when the storm hit. The force of the wind demolished their home dumping most of the debris into the basement where they probably would have been had they been home. i First reports from Tuttie listed at least four sets of farm buildings destroyed or badly damaged.
IN THE ARENA area damage apparently was lighter. Chris Wetzel, manager of the grain elevator there, reports that the twister missed the village, passing about a mile south and sucking water out of a lake near there. Other damaged buildings at Tuttle included the Lutheran Church which lost its steeple and suffered other damages, the Veterans of Foreign Wars clubhouse, which lost its roof, and a box-car blown completely off the track and turned upside down. Frank Holmes and Willard Olson, farmers near Wing, reported their buildings blown down but all members of their families were safe. FRED SPAH, living in Tuttle, was congratulating himself on the loss there of only his garage.
Then he learned minutes later that the (Continued on Page 3) Today's Baseball NATIONAL LEAGUE New York 000 000 100 1 Botton 000 000 20x 1 Kennedy and Yvart. Spahn and Cooper. HR: Dittmer, Bo, 7, 1 (lit of year). WP: Spahn (78). LP: Ktnnedy (2-2) (1st Game) Pba JOO 101 0004 II 1 Kim 000 0 1061 a 2 Robert and Locate Van Cuyk, Kins (1), Bleet; (7), Schmiti (I) Lebine and Hr: Robinton, 4th, 1 an 4 year! Wp: Robert (11-5) Lp: Van Cuyk (5-5) North Dakota'i Greatest Summer Show.
Don Miss It u.i GOP Committee Hands Taft called the deadliest spy in history. Fuchs, a cog in the vast international Soviet spy machine, supplies a link between the Canadian ring and those in the U. S. and Sweden. Fuchs was a naturalized Briton who had been a member of the Communist Party in his native Germany before he left there in 1932.
Britain in 3940 sent him to Canada for safekeeping as an enemy alien. He was released in 1942, returned to London, and got his British citizenship. But authorities believe he had become a Soviet agent in 1939, instructed to work his way up in the British atomic energy program. Ike's 14 Georgia Delegates ,) tk. t-.
i. i Rumian for thp snv to expose him. 2 brooder house, barn, chicken house hog house, windmill and water pump, and blowing the roof off another granary, the tornado moved eastward to the farm of Clifford Olson, a brother of Edwin, about one fourth of a mile away. It picked up an old automobile en route, depositing it bent and battered about 600 yards distant. Clifford Olson spotted the torna- do as it was wrecking his brother's farm.
He picked up his 3 vear-old son, 'iiffo-d, and headed for bi basement, followed by his wife and their daughter, Lorraine, 14, and his father, Louis, about 70. Before they reached the bottom of the stairs the storm's full fury struck. The father was reaching for the basement door when the one-story frame house was lifted off ils na ne was carnexi rt- Kc was kllled the house was blown about 200 feet and deposited llPslf1e down- more than kind lin? The four others all tumbled the few remaining steps down into the basement, landing in a pile of coal, with little Clifford, on the bot- 'torn of the heap. Mr. and Mrs, William Wanttaja, abou, tw0 mile, MSti saw approaching.
They jumped 'into their car and drove about half a mue away and parked, then watched the furious wind destroy virtually all of their farm buildings. IT SWEPT UP the Datus Hill farm as it continued its destructive path northeastward, and swirled down on the village of Tuttle. "I can't remember exactly what happened," said Mrs. Anna King, 60, rubbing a bruised back. "I had gone out.
to get my chickens but hurried back in and was standing in my living room. "Then all of a sudden everything (Continued on Page 3) Tne (j Sia! (hp firt nai10n to act on the West German pact. The admmis'ration hopes that the lopsided Senan vote, taken after shout seven hours of debate Tuesday, will speed ratjfi- ration of the whole network of treaties in Europe. FUCHS SPENT 30 fruitful months in the United States, as a trusted member of Britain's official A-bomb mission, picking up the most secret of information at Los Alamos, N. M.
and Oak Ridge, Tenn. In the U. Fuchs made contact with Soviet agent.s to turn over information he had received. It was channeled back through Britain and through the Swedish ring of spy-couriers to Moscow. One of the errand boys in the United States was Harry Gold, born Golndnitsky of Russian parentage.
He was a chemical researcher from Philadelphia and had been in the courier service of the Communists since 1933. Gold was ViIj tact h' an Qtronf frnm tVio Pnnjirlian rintr. who scrambled for the basement. A couple of minutes later the heavy wheels of a hayrack came crashing into the living room in which the nine persons had been sitting. "It was such a terrible racket we couldn't think straight," Mrs.
'Olson said. "The children werp zation of next week's national con vention. It established beyond any doubt that Taft at the moment is running the show with five more disputes between Taft and Eisenhower delegates to come. By a vote of 62 to 39, the Republican National Committee tossed out of the convention Georgia's And Who Probes The Committee? WASHINGTON i Th Houit voted Tuaiday to havt th Burnu of Indian Affairs invti-tigate tht American Indian, and than decided to have one of ill own committee! inveitigate the bureau. In separate actioni approved by voice vote it ordered the bureau to investigate and find out how toon the Indiant will be able to manage their own affaira without government control, and directed the Interior AHairi Committee to probe the bureau.
Specifically, the Interior Committee will try to find out what the bureau it doing to provide elf-management tor the Indiinl, how it hat handled itt guardianship of the Indiani, and how it hat taken care of the property of Indian wardt. Russ Hold Three Priests, Girl BERLIN 'IF. Communist police arrested three American clergymen and a German girl Wednesday and forced them into the So viet zone of Germany at gunpoint The U. S. Army demanded their immediate reae, but thev were still in custody at trghifiU." U.
S. Armv liaison officers said the three men are Ca'holic p'ie from the Frankfurt of're of Cath- Germany (CRALOG). Show Io Start AT i np Human race, hv rpnWin "in tlio nut" tho sen'ice bv repeated threats One day in 1944, even as Americans were dying as allies of the Russians in Europe, Gold was called in by a Soviet agent and told he had a big job to do. He was to deliver the atom secrets obtained in the U. S.
by Fuchs. Gold delivered six packets, meeting Fuchs at various rendezvous. AFTER THE ARREST of Fuchs now serving 14 years in Britain Gold was seized in Philadelphia. He confessed and got 30 years. The trail led to David Greenglans, U.
S. army sergeant stationed at Los Alamos and rated among the top secret Soviet agents in the U. S. He turned state's evidence to avoid (Continued on Page 3) CHICAGO WV-Taft forces knock ed 14 Georgia delegates from Gen. Dwight D.
Eisenhower's voting strength Wednesday and put 17 of their own men into nominating convention seats. This was by far the greatest victory for Sen. Robert A. Taft, and the biggest defeat for Eisenhower, in this week's battle over organi Larson Is New Penney Manager BismarcR's J. C.
Penney store got a new manager Tuesday as Frjncis A. Larson took over the post, succeeding B. O. Refvem, who has retired. Larson conies here from Devils Lake where he also managed a Penney store.
He has been with the Penney organization since 1940, working in Pierre, S. Fairmont, Ap-pleton, and Fargo before taking over as manager at Devils Lane. His first major sales promotion in his new job will be Penncy's Golden Jubilee July blanket event. He is married and has one daughter, Judy Lou. 10.
His family plans to join him here as soon as housing is available. In Bismarck he and his family will attend the Trinity Lutheran Church. He is a member of the United Commercial Travelers and the Kiwanis, serving as vice president of the latter at Devils Lake. STUDY RED RECORDS NEW YORK 'IF The Subversive Activities Control Board Wednesday under studv the rpcord of 14 months of hearings to dtermine nJ 1, and insuring peace. And so it is with atom bomb, man will come ng, perhaps in your lifetime, a new and greater war weapon Ld.wa.rt tne atom brnb as the -nas ovcrstiadowed the flint-ock rifle, HISTORY FimV11 Jul-V 2: first stationary steam engine in "erica.
President Garfield way, ism, shot by Gui- NORTH Maybe you knew it, maybe not, hU cd River of the the boundary line be-; and No-th Dakota, 'rVi river of an? Slze in r'-i, atps fl5 I th( at Wah-V River from and thp de siou 'ravers, the Red River north 3io miles to Lake Manitoba, Canada. river, hut 'n lencth, is the ra Rivor. npw rnr. "citon from I.aV-o i-rio rlvtf is th- dav have ued Senate Approves 2 German Pacts WASHINGTON The Senate same reciprocal security guaran-has overwhelmingly ratified two-teis now held by all the 14 North pacts designed to bring the poten-' Atlantic Treaty Organization partial military and industrial power ners. But it does not actually admit of Western Germany into the free the republic to NATO.
(Again w.yrld defensive alliance. 1 Young ard Langcr spilt Young for, One of the pacts, approved 77 Lancer against.) Radioman Pleads Innocent of Spying LONDON Iff William Martin formation "useful to an enemy" Marshall. 24-year-old Foreign Of-1 about the British diplomatic wire-fice radio operator, pleaded inno-Icss sen'ice to Favel Kuznetsov, cent Wednesridy to charges of slip-; second secretary of the Soviet Em-ping state secrets to a Ruian bassy in London, diplomat. His trial was set for! The fourth accused him of ob Ju'y9. Gaining such information and the The tall, sallow-fared Marshal i of recording similar state peered bis plpa at a brief hearing secrets.
in the Centra! Criminal Court Marshal was arrestpd June 13 in London's famous Old Bailey. company ib Kuffl'tsov. The So-He was acctied on five counts, viet ritp'omat was released on Three charged him with giving in- grounds of diplomatic immunity. "rls the occupation of the German, Kepunnc ana inroiy re'ores io the family of sovereien nations. 'N'onb Dakota's sons'ors st'M.
Mtlton Young voting for and Wd ibm Lan2Pr against.) The other, ratified bv a 72 5 vote, brings We5tern Germany under the whether the Communist partyiolic Belief Agencies Operation in i should register as a Soviet agency. SIIqw IrS. A livi 1) 11 1 (( I )) I1 ii 1) Reserved Seats Grandstand $2.50 Children $2.00 BLEACHERS Adult $1.50 Children 75 FIVE SHOWS July 3 Evening July 4 Afternoon and Evening July 5 Evening July 6-Aftemoan TOMORROW THURSDAY JULY 3 Vi V. n. i.
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