PAGE TWO THE PHAROS-TRIBUNE and LOGANSPORT PRESS, 10GANSPORT, INDIANA SUNDAY, DECEMBER 22,1931 Not Even A Start Toward Integration In Ole Miss _Editor's Note—In the Mississippi Delta, the struggle over integration stands out in bolder ou- line than anywhere else in the South. Here a veteran reporter translates that outline into a full- bodied report on the crucial problem of the Delta country. By RELMAN MORIN ISSAQUENA COUNTY, Miss. !fft—This is the Deep South. This is the Delta, flat and fertile, formed by the mighty Mississippi, draining a continent. This is the land of cotton and sharecroppers. Here in some counties, the Ne> jagged outlines, than else. Here you feel the full force of the words of a Southern educator, Prof. A. D. Albright of Kentucky: "Integration is more important to anywhere "First, there are those who feel this thing should be fought out, bitterly, right now. "A second group feels that movement, progress, is the, important thing. As long as the' ball the Negroes than the white man is rolling, f hey say, it should be realizes, and segregation is more j kept rolling, but they want to important to whites than the Ne-' make it as painless as possible, gro realizes." "Finally, there are those who Integration 'will be a long time coming to the Delta. People, white and Negro alike, guess 10 years, 30 years, 50 years. Some whites say "Never." They also agree on an important point — that the groping first efforts of interracial groups to find gro outnumbers the white man 3-1, [solutions to the many-sided school ' and even more. The rickety, weather-worn shacks lining sandy country roads often house Negro families of 10 and 12 in two rooms. Their children often pick cotton until December, then go to school and try to learn in six months what nine. the white child learns in So here, in the Delta, the great social struggle over integrating the schools stands out, stripped to the raw. The Supreme Court ruling . . . Little Rock . . . Nashville ... the bombings and beatings . .'. it all takes on a new and special meaning in tie Delta. Sharper There The immese complexity of the South's problem, so difficult for the. North to grasp, emerges here in sharper colors, with more AUTHORS WANTED BY N.Y. PUBLISHER New Yorlc, N. X. — Ono of tho nation's largest book publishers is Beelcing manuscripts of all types— fJction, non-fiction, poetry. Special attention to new u-riters. If your •work is ready for publication, send lor booklet N'P-Sl—it's free. Vantage Pros.'!, 220 S. Michigan Avo., Chirag-o 4. 111. (.Main Office; Now Tork). problem are now at a standstill. They say the Supreme Court ruling of 1954 first slowed these moves, and that the use of federal troops at Little Rock brought them to a total stop. Not Near Solution "There is less liaison now than at any time since I've lived in Mississippi—22 years," says Hodding Carter, publisher and historian who is widely known for his writings on the South. "Religious have not allowed themselves to think about it. They are concerned with keeping their jobs and maintaining peaceful relations with their employers." Need Better Relations His personal feeling, he said, is that the prime necessity is to reestablish good relations between the races. ' Whatever else the events of the past few years have done, there is a big movement in Mississippi today to equalize the school facilities of the whites and Negroes. Recently, Oliver Emmerich, editor of .the McComb Daily Enterprise wrote in his paper: "We must be honest with ourselves and admit to ourselves that good Negro schools have been post- at arm's length now." Father John LaBauve, Negro Catholic priest in the all-Negro community of Mound Bayou, said: "There was a growing disposition to meet on an equal basis, as American citizens, prior to 1954. This has been set back, temporarily, by the Supreme Court ruling." Since Little Rock, they say, sentiment has hardened as never before. You hear this everywhere in the South. What about the feeling of the Negro communities in the Delta? A Negro professional man in Louisiana, who asked not to be identified, said this: "A'ot even a Negro can say he knows what a Negro feels today. In my judgment, though, our people are split into three groups. have . contributed to our curret debacle. "When the time comes (for tegration) all fortifications built on negative thinking will grumble. Not with arms or threats nor vituperation nor emotional outbursts or economic pressures can Mississippi hope to find a satisfactory solution to the school integration problem." Southern editors have, been beaten, cursed, and harassed for much-less. Against Integration Yet Emmerich is not an integrationist. "I'm opposed to integration," he said "Where you have a history of 'racial friction, the answer is not to mix the races in the schools and thus provide more FLANEGINS OFFER YOU A COMPLETE SELECTION TO CHOOSE FROM. . . 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It may take a long time, however, before the Delta as a whole accepts desegregated schools. Why? The Southerner claims the Negro has a lower moral standard, a high rate of illegitimacy. "I don't want my kids sitting next to kids who come from such homes and talk openly, about sex." Color Only Incidental Father LaBauve replies: "I have found that wher people live under certain economic conditions—slum conditions—their moral condition |is practically the same, regardless of the color of their skins. The only reason it exists among Negroes is that more of our people than whiles have to live under such conditions." Hodding Carter linked this with "the emotional fear that integration at the public school level will lead to miscegenation (racial intermarriage)." He /eels that better economic conditions for the Delta Negro, full civil rights, voting privileges, etc., are more important than integrating the schools. "Once a Negro achieves true equality, he won't give a damn about the schools. He will have the right to send his child to an integrated school, or choose not to send Mm there," he said. A Negro told this reporter, candidly, "I'd rather have my son go to a segregated school, provided it had .equal faoilities. I feel he would leann more from a qualified Negro instructor and stand less chance of being igored." But another said, "Even if today, at this moment, there were really equal facilities in the schools, I still would not like being segregated." your ace and then you take the diamond finesse. If it loses you will take nine tricks made up of five diamonds, two clubs and the major suit aces. H it wins you will also take nine tricks because you will be too smart to return to your hand with the ace of spades in order to try the diamond finesse a second time. East might just have been cagy enough to hold off with the king and if you tried this play your whole hand would collapse. Therefore you should continue to play sate for your contract by leading a low diamond from dummy and conceding a trick to the king. Why did you take the ace of hearts at trick one? Look at all the hands and see what might have happened. East would take I'he king of hearts and shift to the queen of spades. Assuming that West remembered to unblock with the king you would lose three local Commandery To Install Officers St. John Commandery No. 24, Knights Templar will hold public installation of officers at 7:30 p.m. Monday at the Masonic Temple. spades, tnond. one heart and one dia- New Market, Tenn., was the childhood home of Frances Hodgson Burnett, author of "Little Lord Fauntleroy." Laurie ' Shan- Carl Miller, Two Area farmers Get Pilot Licenses Two area farmers now have comm3rcial pilot licenses from Williamsport airport. They are W. 0. 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