The Billings Gazette from Billings, Montana on December 23, 1945 · 1
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The Billings Gazette from Billings, Montana · 1

Billings, Montana
Issue Date:
Sunday, December 23, 1945
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tf ft tttt They finished their job lei's finish ours BUY BONDS! They finished their job let's finish ours BUY BONDS! 60TH YEAR NO. 235 ASSOCIATED PRESS BILLINGS, MONTANA, SUNDAY, DECEMBER 23, 1945 UNITED PRESS PRICE FIVE CENTS mi TOM0 Former Panama President Is Arrested Following Attempt at Revolution By LUIS C. NOLI Panama City, Dec. 22. o?5) For mer President Arnulfo Arias wu ,,c t,,. , , , arrested Saturday by government! If n Vwrh ! seven persons were killed and seven wounded. The arrest of Arias and a nationwide roundup of his followers was ordered after a meeting of the cabinet called by President Enrique Jimenez. Police reinforcements from Panama City were hurried to Colon, at the Atlantic end of the Panama canal, and an official statement the door to the arsenal room, and said the situation was "perfectly two unexploded hand grenades were under control." I found later inside the station, ad- District Attorney Lionel Urrlola I vices said. Valdes, who with secret police andj Minister of Government Carlos plain clothesmen arrested Arias at; Sucre said all other principal cities his home, said the former president i remained calm, and that at least denied responsibility for any revo-25 Arias supporters had been ar-lutionary attempt. rested. United States army headquarters) Police confiscated an edition of declared Colon out of bounds fori "El Panamanista," the Arias party American troops. weekly, and said It apparently was Arias, president In 1940-41, re- prepared for big news, since two turned from exile two months ago j and Immediately launched a political campaign in which he criticized United States policy toward Panama and reiterated his nationalist beliefs. He made claims also to The Political Scene By David Lawrence Washington, Dec. 22. President Truman has presented to the country the Democratic administration's alibi for the Pearl Harbor attack failure to have a single department of defense. This makes Pearl Harbor a campaign Issue, along with the proposal for a military dictatorship through a single chief of staff. Truman has Ignored the fact that it was the army's primary responsibility to defend Pearl Harbor, yet he proposes a single department of defense which puts two army organizations in the preponderant position and relegates the United States navy to a subordinate posi tion by depriving it altogether of the voice It had at the cabinet table. The president reverses the age old saying that "two heads are better than one" by Insisting now that one head is better than two. With an arbitrary form of expres-' sion that doesn't sound like Truman at all but more like the war department folks who presumably helped him write the message, the president disposes of the Idea of further discussion by the men best able to Inform the public. He promptly follows this up by allowing an order to be Issued to all navy officers to suppress their views and not speak or write unless called before a congressional committee. This is one of the most hlgh- (Continued on Page 2, Column 5.) The Weather FORECASTS BILLINGS Cloudy with occasional light snow In the morning, clearing In the afternoon. High temperature, 30 degrees. EAST OF DIVIDE Mostly cloudy Bun-day with occasional light snow. Warmer In northeast portion with high of 15 to 25 degrees. High In southwest portion, 35 degrees WYOMING Partly cloudy In east por tion and cloudy west of the divide. Occasional snow flurries west of the divide and in mountains Sunday. Warmer north portion and east of divide. High temperatures, 25 degrees in northwest, 25 to 35 degrees in west portion and 35 to 45 degrees in southeast portion. AIRPORT WEATHER DATA From United States weather bureau for 24 hours ending at 5:30 p. m. yesterday: Maximum 9 Sunrise 7:54 a.m. Minimum -1 Sunset 4:32 p. m. Precipitation: Trace; so far this month, .61: total for same period of December a year ago, .99; total since January 1, 10.87: total for same period a year ago. 15.26; normal for December, .47; normal for January 1 to January 1, 13.44. MONTANA AND OUT-OF-STATE DATA Max. Mill.1 Max. Min. Broadus 7 Butte 40 Glasgow 2 Great Falls 5 Havre 8 Helena . 15 Lewistown 12 Livingston 12 Miles City 7 0 Missoula 33 17 Cheyenne 48 -6 Chicago 17 -3 Kansas City 19 -1 New Orleans 68 4 New Yorlc 25 -5 San Fr'cisco 62 2 Spokane 36 1 St. Louis 18 Precipitation Great Falis .03, Havre .01, Missoula .01. Vifal Statistics BIRTHS Girli Mrs. Harold K. Johnston, 715 North Broadway. Mrs. Phillip D. Matovlch, M2 North Twenty-seventh street. By Mrs. John Ketterlin, 1011 South Twenty-seventh street. Mrs.- Philip Johannes, Ballantine. Mrs. Louis Kuher, 921 Howard avenue. Mrs. Clarence Porter, Absarokee. MARRIAGE LICENSES Ross Hill and Lorraine Moulton. Blllinirs. Edward Pox, 33. Laurel, and Marguerite Cecil Eubank, so. Fvapebe, and Evangeline prink, is. Billings. olf:ei"lcL: ?P- ;lrt"- nd Meivir .Arthur Baty, 25, .nd FoniaHoden,! Clarence M. Scott, 35, and Evelyn Aamoth. so Rmin. 30, Billings. Vernon Alton Jensen. 21. Laramie. Wrn. r.d Dorothy Mae Shaker. 21, Worland. , towns. Wro Calvin Dial. 38. Evening Shade, Ark., and' AUce Anderson, 25. Hardin. jStOrm CqUSCS Death Mariorie jean Berry trom Oayton Dale' Berry. DIVORCES GRANTED Grace Taylor from Waiter L. Taylor. Edna D. K:pp Ircm Earry A. K:pp. FIRE CALL Fire ea3 at 10:05 p. m. Saturday to 323 dint was on fir- .t th. hr.m. nf Mr. L. K. McCIean. Litiie damage. the presidential office from which he was ousted in 1941. Five attackers and two police of- wiVi T fice were killed In the shooting, which began at the Colon police automobiles for an hour. Four po- licemen and three civilians were wounded, with three reported se riously hurt. Reports said seven men, taken to the station on charges of disturbing the peace, began shooting when they entered the building. Other men reportedly fired into the station from the outside. One man was shot as he reached inside pages carried inconsequential news and the two outside pages still were blank. Unofficial reports said an attack was attempted also against the tele phone exchange in Colon. The mayor of Colon and a strong police guard were reported to be in the exchange building with the situation under control. A brief flurry of excitement, including some shooting, occurred In Panama City when police headquarters in Panama rushed an armed detachment to the presidential palace as a safety measure after hearing of the attempted coup In Colon. The presidential guard opened fire when they saw the armed men jumping from a car, but as soon as the reinforcements identified themselves the shooting ended. Panama City was quiet, and apparently news of the Colon attempt was not generally known for several hours after it had occurred. Arias, who was ousted as president of Panama in October 1941, returned from exile in Argentina to Panama last October. Group Elects Worland Man Directors of the Yellowstone Basin association elected Earl Bower of Worland, Wyo as president Satur day following the association's see' ond annual meeting in the Billings Commercial club. Bower was formerly vice president of the association. F. J. Fllnn, publisher of the Miles City Daily Star, was named vice president, and H. L. Buck of Billings was reelected secretary-treasurer. Named to serve with the new president and vice president on the executive committee were D. M. Manning of Hysham, E. A. Blenkner of Columbus, E. J. Goppert of Cody, Wyo., L. F. Thornton of Thermopo-lis, Wyo.,' and Eugene Fisher of Lame Deer. W. G. Sloan, assistant regional director of the reclamation bureau, spoke on "Development Plans for the Yellowstone Basin" at Saturday afternoon's session of the all-day meet. He described the status of pro-(Continued on Page 2, Column 4.) Giant Planes Carry Veterans moth i C-97 ranspTrt Tpneded with 201 overseas veterans home - n .m t- rifi i m ward bound for Christmas, were eniueiore nexc reroute to Municipal airport in Chi- Hawaii, with a present popula wu wiuiu., iuuL, uuuiig off on a special ferry flight from; uciiig nciu. The first of the Boeing super- transports took off at 2:12 p. m. 19 carvinp 100 Mir.hipan snlriiprs. 4fi nf i; them from Detroit, and the second. . j a r ' 6 wok to me air one nour ana tnree minutes later, bearing 101 Illinois 20 4. r- i trtdlr tf rVin nil" nnn hnim nnrf fhina mutt vi U1n uum uw 2 Chicago area. Bi jsemor rnem uiiicer uoionei ai- bert Boyd of Asheville, N. C, saidi the planes would stop briefly at Cheyenne Wyo., or Grand Island, Neb., to refuel and would arrive in rhi"! rrn. a Knit- 1 -' 9 a rvi CnnHin A 1 r-Mi- - , rvlr , - Colonel William Councill of Pitts - burgh. Pa., piloted the first plane j to take off. i Boyd was at the controls of the' second giant aircraft. j The huge planes, transport ver-j sions of the B-29 Superfortresses,' arrived from Great Falls, Mont-,1 Saturday after being delayed fori several hours en route from Wright field, their home base at Dayton, Ohio. The G. I. cargo on the two Christ - mas planes was selected from thou - sands of servicemen stranded on the i west coast over the holiday season because of a railroad traffic jam. Jhe 201 Illinois and Michigan sol - been delaved lnnpe:t en rout tn Kn y longest en route to separation centers near their home Los Angeles. Dec. 22. OPr-Or.e death was charged to a storm which continued into its second alr 80011 after returning to the North Carolina, a committee mem-, Moscow, Dec. 22. The Soviet day over southern California Sat- ted States, Just before the Pearl ber, said Saturday that he thought union will complete the restora-urday with heavy rains that brousht ', Harbor attack. estimates of lengthy hearings would tion of all war-damaged electric precipitation above normal, flooded : He is accused specifically of con- prove wrong. power stations by 1343, the news some streets and highways, blew spiring with German agents in Eu-' ciark; noted that Admiral Harold a??ncy Tass said Saturday. Before rJo'jrn trees, caused power failures s in Bel Air, in; : threatened houses ithe Santa Monica foothills. Withdraw U. S. Request To Defer War-End Agreement Wilh Siam Washington, Dec. 22. (Ph-The United States Saturday notified the British and Siamese governments . that it was withdrawing its recent request that they defer final conclusion of a war-end agreement. Government officials have said privately that the United States believed the original British terms were too harsh on the Siamese and might seriously cripple the Siamese economy. Billings, Laurel Projects Planned A $424,000 building program to enlarge Northern Pacific rail and motor transport facilities In Billings and Laurel, will be in full swing early next month, according to word received Saturday by W. J Overman, district freight and passenger agent, from W. W. Judson of St. Paul, general manager. Billings' share of the program Is a $49,000 addition to the Northern Pacific Transport company's office and garage building on South Thirty-third street along the North ern Pacific right of way. Construction of the building, a brick and steel structure, is under way and will be completed by March 1. The addition, necessitated by heavy increase In the transport company's operations, will be 54x110 feet with an ell of 40x50 feet, making additional floor space of 7,940 square feet, according to Judson. A paint shop, parts cleaning room and storage and repair department will be house in the addition. J. G. Link & Company, Billings architects, provided plans and specifications and the Halvorson Construction company of Billings and Salem, Ore., was awarded the contract. Construction of a plant at Laurel for the generation of steam power to operate machinery will run approximately $375,000, Including equipment, Judson said. The plant, expected to be completed by late summer, will replace the present main and auxiliary plants, which will be converted to other shop uses. The building will be situated Immediately west of the roundhouse and will be of reinforced concrete, steel and brick. Equipment will Include three 300-horsepower water tube boilers with spreader stokers and coal crusher and coal and ash-handling machinery. Contract for construction has been awarded the Cahill-Mooney Construction company of Billings and Butte, and mechanical equip ment has been purchased and is being stored awaiting installation, Overman said. The original plant was built in 1907, and In 1922 was equipped with three 100-horsepower boilers. An auxiliary, the car shop power plant, was constructed in 1931 and is equipped with two 75-horsepower locomotive boilers. Hawaii Sought As 49th State Washington, Dec. 22. The admission of Hawaii "In the Im mediate future" as the forty-ninth state in the Union was recommended Saturday by Secretary of the Interior Ickes. The people of the Pacific ocean outpost already have voted in the ratio of 2 to 1 in favor of statehood. The final decision on admittance will be up to congress which will check up on the territory's qualifications through a committee visit next month. Ickes announcement was unex uculku. mil inns acn np sain rnar pected. Not long ago he said that he doubted whether he would make!"0118. f the! an7 recommendation on the taue ; MJ vy- . . " " TTrc taker over 'by the 'United State" i aojo auu iu many uc u.m i cu a j territory In 1900. it is represented in congress by a riolooato TncnnV, o r.rrnnin : wt-.igu vt., v )J 11 I . oiiiiigWii, Renublican. who said Ickes' buk - I i 111.1 .1 ...! ' gestion is "the most significant contribution" to the Hawaiian state- . .... nooa movement since tne people anDroved the idea in a 1940 nleb - iscite. tv,o torrtf'c 1 r,m. I pineapple and sugar and most of jHawaii.s manufactured Imports' r .come from the United States. , Sergeant Is Held On Spy Charges San Rafael, CaL, Dec. 22. GT") j A good-looking army air corps staff j sergeant is held in solitary con- 1 finement at near-by Hamilton field, , the army stated Saturday, charged ! with spying against his country and dealing with German espionage 'agents 1 A publlc relations department; 1 ' T . J V. j v, ,n - partment, identified him as 30-year- ShSftiW Y rii ISSi, JrF more recently of Petaluma, Cal. , Sergeant Hirt, native of the United States, lived with his grand - parents in Germany for many years, He enlisted in tne united biases rope and Brazil to obtain and to send to Germany information about United States military airplanes, Chilean Tot r" ( , I i i JaV- A'll- Av : III - J I i f r i 5 . . - v LSI fci 1 lint ij vrTiiiMfiArinivnTniirm''WiiMiMrt iWirW', nf -n- -- Six-year-old polio victim Allan Stevenson bubbled over with Joy because he will be home in Santiago, Chile, for Christmas, and he can walk again. Allan could not walk a step when he arrived at Warm Springs, Ga., last summer for treatment, nor could he speak English. Now he walks, and he talks English fluently. He is shown (center) with Flight Stewardess Bettie Read (left) and Kay Putman (right) as he boarded a plane in Atlanta, Ga for Miami, Fla. Billings Churches Will Conduct Christmas Services and Programs Many Billings churches will hold special Christmas services Sunday, including church school programs and parties, and the theme of all regularly scheduled Sunday morn ing and evening worship services will be the birth of the Saviour. Some churches will also hold Christmas eve and Christmas day services observing the first peace time yuletide in four years. In the American Lutheran church a choral service will be held at 11 a. m. Sunday, and at 7:30 p. m. the intermediate department of the Sunday school will present a program. Monday at 11 p. m. candles will be lighted In the traditional Christmas eve service. A Christ- mas morning festival is scheduled at 11 o'clock. The Sunday school Christmas j program in the Trinity Church of! the Nazarene is scheduled for 7:15, p. m. Sunday. A pageant, "Unto Us Is Born A Saviour," will be presented at 7:30 p. m. Sunday at the First Baptist church. The Billings Gospel Tabernacle Sunday school will have a Christ- mas program at 7:30 p. m. Sun - day. Christmas day services will bejtivity service at 10:30 a. m. held at 8 p. m. Toys and candy will be dls- The Sunday school of the First tributed to children from the Sal-Evangelical church will hold its pro-jvation Army Christmas tree at 7:45 gram at 7:45 p. m. Sunday. A Christ- p. m. Sunday, mas music festival will be held at i The Calvary Baptist Christmas 7:45 o'clock on Christmas eve. Iprogram Is scheduled for 7:30 p.m. The choir of the Church of the Sunday. Air will present a cantata, "The A Christmas program at the First Gift Supreme," Sunday at 7:45 Church of the Nazarene at 7:30 p. m. Christmas day vesper serv - Ices will be held at 5 p. m. Young people of the German Asserts Probe Proves Valuable Washington, Dec. tt.-WV-Ther" '" nv Pearl Harbor Investigation was1 viewed by Senator Ferguson, Re- publican, Michigan, Saturday as turning up a lot of valuable in- fnrmatirm fnr rmtro:ia cirfo niios. ui v w. 4, Mo- thing members of congress will find j of interest in passing on that Issue," e told reporters. "It will also bear , exaintaaUn when consideratlon ta given to creating a central intelli gence service. Ferguson emphasized that he was a i . . , , , Im ? ZTi?ZZZJZ V, , ' ' on the evidence received thus far. The committee, which recessed Friday for a Christmas holiday, has ! - cn heard only a dozen of some 60 j scheduled witnesses. r,ro.c.ri u,rw rM no intelligence chiefs. Major General Sherman Miles and Vice Admiral . Theodore S. Wilkinson. Thev testl- DreaK 01 insurgency witnin two fled a joint army-navy intelligence weeks wa predicted Friday by Scyld committee did not begin to function ,zia- Iranian parliament member, actively until after Japan's Dec. 7,! The new Azerbaijan government, 1941, attack on the United States meanwhile, claiming autonomy wlth-fleet at Hawaii. In the Iranian state, has announced In a discussion of intelligence it is willing to cooperate with the needs, Ferguson said it was obvious . central government, but that it that the atomic bomb made it im-'would insist upon conducting Its perative for the United States to own provincial affairs with Its own have prompt Information on what cabinet. The insurgent government Is going on in other countries. ,was willing to leave only such af-"I don't mean spying," he said, fairs as would be handled by a I mean information on resources capabiiities of other nations.' Unification of the army and navy; been! tAJlL??tr? J : and looms as one of the major controversies iur wiiKr ncu n, return next month. The senate-house group will re- "um hearings December 31. In the meantime. Chairman Barkley. Dem- ocrat, Kentucky, has the task of ' findinz someone willing to take over the counsels Job in midstream. : Representative Clark. Democrat,; S:ark 1341 cnief 0j naval oper- j ' i tconunuea cn page z, ciumn Walks Again i Congregational church will have Christmas fjarty at 7:30 p. m. Sunday, and a Sunday -school program Is scheduled Monday at 7:15 p. m. Christmas day services and holy communion will be held at 10:30 a. m. Vesper services at 5 p. m. In the First Congregational church Sunday will feature a Christmas tableaux and music. Candlelight communion service will be held Christmas morning at 8 o'clock. "The Shepherd's Vision," a Christmas pageant, will be given at the Church of God at 7 p. m. Sunday. A Christmas day service Is scheduled for 7:30 p. m. A candlelight vesper service of i Christmas music is scheduled at 4:30 p. m. Sunday in the. First Presbyterian church. At 7:30 p. m. the Westminster fellowship will meet for a Christmas party at the home of Carl and Robert Fraser 106 Clark avenue. The First English Lutheran church will have a Christmas service, conducted by the Sunday school members, Sunday at 5 p. m., a mid night candlelight service at 11 p. m. 1 Monday and a Christmas day Na ip. m. Sunday will include plays 'Seeking the Heart of Christmas and "The Star-Lighted Path." A service of carols and candle-lighting will be held In the First Christian church Sunday at 7:30 p. m. On Monday St. Patrick's Catholic church will have solemn high mass at midnight. Christmas day masses will be at 7. 8, 9:15, 10:30 and 11:30 a. m. with the children's "'K" mass witn procession win held at the Church of the Little (Continued on Page 5, Column 3.) Claims Soviet Forces Massed TVtnron TV 99 tBA A rrfnorgl staf, omr ot the Iranian gov- oiatt uiiiwT-i ui Ataman m.iw- lament army asserted Saturday that army intelligence reported the 'presence of armed civilians and an unusual concentration of Rus- T.v. . r .t r.r' bi&n tanks and troops at Garmsar, rail Junction 75 miles southeast of Teheran. The rail line runs north of Shahl and the Caspian sea coast in Maz- ' anderan province where "an out -. 1 i 1 i ul. 1 & foreign ministry to the central gov ernment in Teheran. Azerbaijan nrovince has been oc- JD?ljaI? Provinc nas oeen oc- .Soviet troops since 1941. jxt now designated L the T surgent's capital, quoted the Azer- uytR 0 , tnat the insm. ?ent movement wag alded by sovlet Iorcs KeStO re KOWer Plants "e war- ussja ransea uura omunx ithe nations In electric power out- ipuw Truman Directs Entry of War Refugees Into United States Funeral Rites For General Will Be Sunday Burial Scheduled In Luxembourg Military Cemetery By RICHARD A. O'REGAN Heidelberg, Germany. Dec. 22. WD Past sorrowing lines of his comrades In arms, the body of General George Smith Patton, Jr., was borne Saturday ninht to ancient Villa Reiner, where the warrior wilh lie in state until funeral services Sunday, Patton, one of the most vivid figures in American military history, will be laid to rest Christmas eve in a United States military cemetery at Hamm, Luxembourg, in soil hallowed by the blood of his fellow fighting men in the gallant United States Third army. The steel casket, draped with the banners of the United States Third, Seventh and Fifteenth armies, was placed In the oak-paneled drawing room of the Villa. The spacious room was filled with fresh roses and carnations flown In from France. The somber tones of an organ, played in an upstairs room by Sergeant Joseph Crosby of Corvallls, Ore., broke the solemn silence. Fifty military policemen, commanded by Lieutenant William Hlg-genbotham of Fairmont, W. V., stood guard in relays of 10. As dusk descended over this old university city, a regulation army ambulance bearing the body moved out of the yard of the 130th station hospital, where Patton died late Friday. Silent American soldiers stood stiffly at attention, their arms raised in salute, as the procession wound through the twisting cobblestone streets. Stolid Germans watched unemotionally. The Third and Seventh armies, both of which Patton had commanded with brilliant mi'ttary suc cess, will share responsibility for the services. Messages of tribute and sorrow poured In from all parts of the world. In the European theater, American soldiers lowered all flnRS to half staff, and closed all soldier clubs and Installations in mourning. Patton's comrades will conduct Episcopalian services at 3 p. m. (Continued on Page 2, Column 2.) Review Strikes Since V-J Day Washington, Dee. 22. (P) The labor department counted up the strikes since V-J day Saturday and concluded that most of the nation's Industrial plants "are proceeding with production without work stoppage or significant labor-management controversies." From the end of hostilities In the Pacific through December 21, the department estimated that about 1,650 work stoppages occurred. The conciliation service was Instrumental In settling 1 .256 of the 1,450 which were terminated, the labor denartment said. Strikes or lockouts since V-J day Involved about 1,550.000 workers who lost about 24.000,000 man days of work 84100 per cent of the total available working time of the nation's wage earners. The figures do not include plants shut down or crippled because of : the lack of materials or parts from plants closed by strikes The department said In a stat ment awompanvlng Its routine November strike figures, that: "Labor-m anagement disputes which result in strikes often overshadow the fact that most of the nation's Industrial plant are proceeding with production without work stoppages or significant labor-m?nngemcnt controversies." The dfpartment. Fald that more . " - than half of the total Idleness In No- ivember resulted from four strikes. 'These they listed as the C. I. O.-i " ,e' , , J guidance available to newsmen, it Auto Workers strike over a 30 per! 'he I'rs' da-vs 01 ?rgan ,?u 8C, was learned that Byrnes feels that cent wage increase at General . fnded ,atuay nluWIt.nou' a! the revival of a cwperative spirit Motors which bfgan November 21. tr,ace of th "'"l0, huntei:wh0; among the "big three" in solving the t.rike of A. F. L. machinists In ! disappeared at about 10 a. m, Thurs-, common proDiems is a major ac-ithe San Francisco bay area which l"8? fr a P"1?. nu" ' n ellJ- f complishment. j began late in October, the strike of! J- A- McDonal a, district forest BeWn wag reported not 80 op 'glass workers In 10 plants of thej nef' f d Wllloughby trail had . Umtette over the eventual results Libby-Owens-Ford and Pittsburgh ; bf" ,n snow whipped by high !, tne conIerences as the Americans. Plate Glass companies since Oc- wlnf e 8now rugged terrain i WM nQ indication of Molotov's tober 22. and the strike of A. F. L.!"18 11 necessary for the hunters , vlews lumber workers In the Pacific t0 wear snowshoes and even horses; and Saturday the mln- ; northwest which started Sep-i wp? unpractical, ne wia. , tember 24. j Je 'arching party, ed by Sher - . . . . . ... Ill Swan Olson of Park county. In ! Th?.fi"-.i"5w?i the Yellowstone National park vl - I ? forest ranger of Yellowstone,!" 7" mrVZ, n Korr nrl reau o nor mihiki o;!ind Henry Thole and John Burke, Approximately 230 stoppages which -,pr),.tv ' . wardpn. began In preceding months con- , 'tinned Info Novembor for a total 'Tit l?LtJ;T VZJ. Xlf.1 " ;, ing the month effecting 600,000, workprs Idleness In plants directly effr-cted was estimated at about 6.100,000 man days or 1.06 per cent of thej available working time in all In-; dustry. as compared with 7.800 000 j. trudglng through deep man days or 1.27 per cent of thesnow ln the mounUtal near Gardl. available working time lost in n. nti t OCtODer. i In comparison, there were 345 4 v,,orr,KDr. iQii hiit they involved half the number or MUtot who did not know that his workers, 201,000, and the man days ! gon-in-law had become separated of idleness totalled only 739.000 or;Irom other members of a group of 11 per cent of available working time. I (Continued on Page 5, Column 3.) Immigration Will Be Held Within Established Quotas Washington, Dec. 22. (President Truman Saturday directed the entry Into the United States within established Immigration quotas ol European war refugees at the rate I of about 39,000 a year. Most of them will come from central and eastern Europe and the Balkans where approximately 2,000,000 persons are said to be homeless. The effect of the order Is to require thnt the regular immigration quotas from those countries be filled with persons whom the war drove away from their homes and who, for one reason or another, are not returning. There will be little room left for other , nationals of those countries who may want to come here. "Tills is the opportunity for America to set an example for the rest of the world in cooperation towards alleviating human misery," the president said In a statement. Along with the statement the White House made public an of flclal directive to six federal agen cles to put the plan into effect. The president said the war has brought "an appalling " dislocation of populations" and added that it is "common decency" to provide homes for thousands of these displaced persons. Several months ago he asked Britain to allow 100.000 homeless Jews to enter Palestine, but Britain refused to agree to the figure and the two countries now have a Joint commission studying the whole problem. The president not only directed normal resumption of quota immigration to take care of displaced persons desiring to come to this country, but spoke out . vigorously against any legislation at this time which would either prohibit or severely reduce further Immigration and commented: "Tills period of unspeakable human distress is not the time for us to close or to narrow our gates. I (Continued on Page 2, Column 6.) Congress Faces Many Problems Washington, Dec. 22. -(P) No congress In recent years hua faced an election-year docket as laden with controversy as that which confronts the seyenty-nlnth when it reconvenes next month. Between January 14 when they come back from vacation, and next summer when they hope to get away for political campaigning, the legislators must grapple with more than a dozen major subjects, each primed with political dynamite. There are many Items on President Truman's legislative program that haven't been acted on, and there are many others, not on the chief executive's priority list, that are likely to become bitter Issues, The senate In particular faces a prospect of diving Immediately Into a row, with Senators Ball, Republican, Minnesota, and Chavez, Democrat, New Mexico, planning to bring up the bill for a permanent fair employment practices committee. That plan has started trouble every time It has come up, Senator Bilbo, Democrat, Mississippi, already has let It be known he will filibuster. Some time before May 15, congress must decide what it wants to do about the draft law. It expires then, and many members of con- (Contlnued on Page 7, Column 5.) Conduct Search For Worden Man vaiuim-i, kJKi, a. ruiCSt service workeri sheriff')! off lrpr a nrt ' i , . ranchers prepared to set out a dawn Sunday to search for Albert Willoughby of Worden, missing l. T-V,, I , j "U""J I contry of Tom Miner basin, 15 ?lu?l . , '""""V "'"" - i"tn Party from which her hus- band strayed, was remaining at a rh ,nythL arM nf thp rrhl I jV j i LEFT WORDEN MONDAY Aibert Wllloughby, 5'J-year-old v,,,,,.,,- tnr tty,m tarin nartv hi, In Wnrrfpn TVinrsdav or ; ' . Friday, according to R. W. Mills, w!. i i ; , U. S. Recognizes New Government Of Yugoslavia Criticize Tactics In Elections Conducted Recently Washington, Dec. 22. &) The United States formally recognized the new government of Yugoslavia Saturday, but simultaneously criticized its tactics in the elections which it recently held. Britain also announced recognition. In recognizing the regime headed by Marshal Josip Broz-Tito, the United States and Britain thus gave their legal sanction to the liquidation of another of Europe's rapidly-vanishing monarchies. Tito's government rushed a law through Its constituent assembly November 29 which ousted 22-year-old King Peter from the throne and abolished the Karadjordjevlc dynasty. Peter thus was abandoned by the nation which served as headquarters lor his Yugoslav government-ln-ex-lle during much of the war. The young king has lived In England most of the time since his country was overrun by the German army In 1941. The American decision to recog nize Tito's regime In the form which it adopted following November elections was communicated by Acting Secretary of State Dean Achesorr to Yugoslav Ambassador Stanoje Slmlc In Washington. Acheson said the United States as sumed that the Yugoslav govern ment would accept responsibility for that nation's international obligations and would confirm existing treaties and agreements between the two countries. When assured of these actions, the United States will accredit Ambassador Richard C. Patterson, Jr., to the new Yugoslav regime in Belgrade, Acheson said. The outspoken American disapproval of Tito's tactics was contained in instructions sent by Acheson to Ambassador Patterson and made public by the state department. v ..- These instructions said the Yugoslav government had not made good Its pledges to extend the basic freedoms to Its people and asserted that the elections November 11 did not provide a free choice of representatives for the assembly. The instructions said the United States government wants it under-' stood that establishment of diplomatic relations with the Tito regime should not be interpreted as apprqv-at of its policies, "its methods of assuming control or its failure to implement the guarantees of personal freedom promised Its people." Patterson was told to emphasize that the American people and government have "only the friendliest sentiments" toward the Yugoslavs and expect developments which would make possible desirable (Continued on Page 2, Column 6.) Moscow Sessions Are Continued Moscow, Dec. 22. MV-Conversations of the "big three" foreign ministers have achieved a measure of success, including a reestab-lt.shment of the wartime cooperative spirit, informed Bources said Saturday. Secretary of State James F. Byrnes, Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevln, and Foreign Commissar V. M. Molotov held their seventh conference Saturday, But because the three ministers have agreed not to disclose any- rllcncclnn. thorn h " movo., been no off leal announcement on th are makl to , probl(fms contro, 0f an(1 thor vlra, K1)h. "'"6' - ' " Jects slated for consideration, 1 However through avenues oi istera held Informal sessions, dis- 1 j wlth r lar aromatic pro. ' !";, Rt9tA, Amhft,,fldor w. AvereifHarr. British Amba,- Z smiAFm' Commiar i . RutT , . L , 811 olm7ufar .from time to time, apparently m . , f consultants. whether thP -wm meet ?ether toe.15?.!?..imc" isunaay was noi announcea, out uie fact that it is Sunday will not bar any session if the rninisters decide one is needed, it was said. MnVplkf DiP j I1UCIII U1W f vV rtaM AfVtin C. Train, 70, lawyer, novelist and creator oi air. oiiraim juil a fictional -Jiaracter whose corporeal existence was taken for granted by countless Readers, died Saturday in Memorial hospital after a yeara 1 illness.

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