The Billings Gazette from Billings, Montana on March 31, 1941 · 2
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The Billings Gazette from Billings, Montana · 2

Billings, Montana
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Monday, March 31, 1941
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THE BILLINGS GAZETTE Monday, March 31, 1941 Page Two 7 U. S. Seizes More Than 60 Italian, Nazi, Danish Ships (Continued From Page 1J der a World war statute which pro vides that a vessel sabotaged by Its own crew In an American port may be declared forfeited by this coun try. The first word that some of the Italian ships had been sabotaged was delivered to the treasury Batur day afternoon by tjie navy's intelli - eence division. The Information was laid before President Roosevelt at Port Ever- clades. and with his approval coast guardsmen were sent to take over the ships late Saturday night and early Sunday. Gaston said "wholesale sabotage1 was found. At least 20 of the Italian ships had been damaged, he said, adding that apparently the sabotage had been concerted and simultaneous. Details were lacking on the number of crew members taken Into custody but Gaston estimated that each ship was manned by 25 to 50 men. The crews, he said, would be turned over to immigration authorities, but until this could be done they would be in the custody of the captains of the ports where they were seized. . Reciting instances of damage Gaston said that the machinery of one vessel at Norfolk, Va., had been torn down. One crew in Norfolk was caught starting a fire under a dry boiler. Details of the damage done to five Italian vessels were supplied by Harry Sommers, acting deputy chief of the Newark, N. J., fire department, who accompanied coast guard officers on an Inspection. "They must have spent at least a week smashing machinery," he said. "Acetylene torches were used to cut pistons. Generators were chopped and hacked with axes. Bearings were unbolted and chisels used to put them beyond repair." From other cities where the vessels are tied up came similar accounts." One of the vessels was the 22,000-ton Italian liner Conte Biancamano, tied up at Cristobal, but most were small freighters. ' Itfflo E. Verrando, general manager for the Italian line in the United States, estimated at New York that the Italian ships aggregated approximately 175,000 tons. He said the average was about 6,000 tons. In calling the step "purely protective," Gaston said It was "designed to prevent the further wreaking of damage which would constitute a menace to American ships and traffic being carried on in the harbors of the United States." For the most part, the Italians complied readily with the coast guard's orders. Officials said there was a "little resistance," however, from the crew of the Confldenza, docked at Jacksonville, Fla. Although the way apparently was open for the United States to assert a- claim to ownership or at least some of the ships if It desired to invoke the forfeiture clause of the World war law Chairman George, Democrat, Georgia, of the senate foreign relations committee said he believed this would not be done. George declared that if sailors ort vessels from Holland, Norway, Sweden or any other country attempted sabotage the coast guard would follow the same course used in the case of Italy. Senator Wheeler, Democrat, Montana, leading foe of the administration's British aid program, declared: "We have no right under law to seize tnose ships. This la another act of war." Secretary of the Treasury Mor-genthau the coast guard Is a unit of the treasury has broad powers under the World war statute and a presidential proclamation to take protective custody of a foreign vessel in an American port. . In addition, he can declare a vessel forfeited to the United States If Its master has wilfully permitted it Announcements Dr. Roy V. Morledge will be out of his office Wednesday, April 2. Advertisement. CARD OF THANKS We wish to express our sincere thanks and appreciation to our friends and neighbors for their kindness and sympathy during -our recent bereavement. Mr. and Mrs. John Senty and daughters, Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Senty. Advertisement. SMITH'S FUNERAL HOME LAIKD The funeral service for Mrs. Helen Laird, wife of Joseph Laird, will be held Monday afternoon at 2 o'clock at Smith's funeral chapel. Interment In Mountvlew cemetery. NOFSINGER The funeral service for Miss Jane Nofslnger, daughter of Mrs. R. E, Nofslnger, will be held Monday afternoon at 3 o'clock at Smith's funeral chapel. Interment In Mountvlew cemetery. Please omit flowers. McCOLLEY FUNERAL HOME COLUMBUS BOKMA Funeral services for Fred F. Bokma will be held at 2 p. m. Monday from the Columbus Congregational church, with burial In the Columbus cemetery. sfofl mrno' FUNKIIAL HOME ESTABLISHED IN ISM to be damaged. The owners and master my be fined $10,000 or imprisoned for two years. . News dispatches from Baltimore, Wilmington, N. C, and Newark said crews on Italian ships in those ports had broken up machinery and damaged boilers. The treasury said, however, that It had received no reports that sabotage charges had been preferred against any of the officers and crew. . They were In the custody of the coast guard, with their future not Immediately clear. Unofficially, it was said that the crewmen might be kept In custody similar to that of members of the scuttled German liner Columbus. They are being detained until and if a means of returning them to their homeland Is found. Five of the ships are docked in the New York-Newark area, four at Philadelphia, three at Norfolk, two each at New Orleans, Baltimore, Newport News, Va., and Jacksonville, Fla., and one each at Boston, Wilmington, N. C, Houston, Texas, Mo bile, Ala., Savannah, Ga., San Juan, Puerto Rico, Portland, Ore., and Cristobal, Canal Zone. The ship at Cristobal, the 22,000- ton liner Conte Biancamano, was taken in custody by military au thorities. The coast guard took over all the others. The Italian embassy declined any statement on the developments. There was much speculation as to the explanation for the reported sabotage. In some quarters it was believed the damage might have been committed to forestall any pos sible development under which the ships might go into the hands of the British. - British spokesmen openly had ex pressed the hope that the United States would seize these Italian ships and also two German and 41 Dan ish vessels tied up In United States ports. Coast guard sailors, to keep steam ud for trie pumps ana oinerwise maintain the ships, accompanied the armed guards aboard the ships. Treasury spokesmen explained that the Italian crews were removed from the ships because it was impossible to put enough guards aboard each craft to keen an eye on all portions of the ship and the whole Italian crew. At Portland, Ore., crewmen on the 5,127-ton motorship Leme seriously damaged her engines and naviga tion equipment before coast guards men took possession early Sunday morning. Coast guard officials declined comment but harbor police estimated damage at $185,000. They said every navigation instrument had been wrecked by hammer blows, the generators had been damaged, and apparently the engines had been turned over with air compressors while emery dust was poured Into the lubricating oil. When Lieutenant Commander M. P. Jensen and his guardsmen boarded the ship, the Italians were on deck, drinking wine and singing Italian songs, captain Giovanni Polonlo and 53 other officers and men were jailed and Jensen said they were being detained for the immigration service. CaDtaln Polonlo, a resident of Trieste, appeared in excellent spirits, he grinned when asked how badly the ship had been damaged and replied in good English: "I don't know much about that." An officer said he heard the cap tain remark that "if the government of the United States takes this ship it will be money ahead to Install all new engines." In New York City. Italo E. Verrando, general manager for the. Ital ian line in the United States, de clined to say whether a protest was planned or to discuss the reports of sabotage aboard the vessels. "We have no comment to make for the time being. We are studying the situation and awaiting further information." Coast guardsmen marched about 130 crew members from five Italian freighters at Port Newark aboard tugs and headed for euis island The crews had been living aboard the ships, brought to Newark last year from Hoboken. United States marines, armed witn bayonet rifles, and coast guardsmen with automatics strapped to their thighs, seized the four Italian ships anchored In the Delaware river. A squadron of a dozen coast guard boats, most of them bristling witn UKht cannon and machine guns, had been mobilized during the night and proceeded from points as far distant as Cape May, N. J. The Italian tanker Colorado which put in at San Juan, Puerto, Rico, last June when Italy entered the war, was taken over. At the time Captain Ettore Gulgnl said he was en route from Aruba Island off the South American coast for fuel oil. The ship lies moored alongside the bulkhead near headquarters of the Tenth naval district The ship has been under libel by an English oil company for a fuel bill for several months and has been in the custody of the United States marshal. A navy coast guard patrol boarded the craft at 2 a. m. SEE SMASHED ENGINES Baltimore, March 30. WV-Newspapermen and photographers saw smashed engines and machinery on one of two Italian freighters seized In Baltimore harbor Sunday by coast guardsmen, who refused comment on the possibility their crews may have planned to fire the vessels. During the tour - through the 6,140-ton Pletro Campanella, a coast guard officer picked up a small can stuffed with kerosene-soaked waste and threw It Into the bay. Similar pieces of waste were observed in other parts of the ship. Asked if it appeared the Italians had planned to set the vessel afire, the guardsman said, "I dont know, but you can try to figure out Just about anything you want to." A sledgehammer lay on top of the still-warm engines of the Pietro Campanella. and cylinder heads had been unbolted and smashed, along with pistons. One cylinder block was filled with cinders and fire clay, a guardsman arid. The steam steering apparatus likewise was smashed, with another sledgehammer lying near by. Gears were broke, axle-rods bent, with the 243 Participate In Sales Meet Railway, Transport Employes Confer Two hundred forty-three employes, representing; all departments of the Nortnern racuic railway ana norm-em Pacific Transport company, attended the railroad's annual sales meeting for the Billings area Sunday at the Commercial club. J. w. over man, district freight and passenger agent, said the attendance was the highest in the 13 years the sessions have been conducted. Officials, who addressed the meet- but on various phases of traiiic re lations of the railway and the trans. port company, were L. R. Chaiioner, assistant freight traiiic manager; Charles W. Fee, Yellowstone divi sion assistant superintendent who Tuesdav will take over the superin tendent's position of the Northern Pacific Transport company; w. J. Flanagan of St. Paul, safety superintendent for the system; C. H. Goodhue of St. Paul, baggage, mall and express department manager, M. E. Harlan, assistant general pas senger agent; L. L. Perrin, advertising manager, and C. T. Sponsel, Yel lowstone division superintendent. Guest sneakers included O. H. P. Shelley and Acting Mayor Gus Foltz, both of Red Lodge. Open discussion of general problems, In both the operating and traffic departments, and advertising, was held following the talks. H. H. Ellsworth of Helena, assist- ant general freight and passenger agent, conducted the session, with Overman in charge of arrangements. The last in the series of four sales meetings is scheduled for Glen- dive Sunday. Previous meetings were conauciea at jvnaoouw uu lngston. Hope to Avert Coal Strike (Continued From Page 1.) Ttnv1 uM rpnrMntt.lvM of the Montana Coal Operators associa- tlon and the U. M. W. A. district reached an agreement to continue nnemHon of Montana ' mines at a conference here. The present wage rnntmrt exnlres Monday at mid- night, but agreement by operators and union officials forestalled walkout, the president said. Appalachian wage adopted in New York W. A. are the basis for Montana contracts, Boyle said. Mathias F. Correa. recently-ap nolnted United States district attor ney for the southern district of New York, is but 30 years old. steam intake pipe knocked loose from the machine. Evidence of the hurried departure of the Italian seamen was seen in cabins, bunk quarters and mess-rooms. Lieutenant W. C. Capron, acting port captain, led 45 heavily armed guardsmen when they swarmed aooara we neiro iuipiru the second vessel, me rooi-wn Euro, anchored slde-by-stde. "We had no trouDie. uapron saw. "because we made It plain we meant business. Crewmen hastily packed sea bags Wiui vciuuguiga auu " I ashore, after wnicn newsmen were permiiiea io iiwpcuv u.o u. raruy-uueu wura " coffee cups ' in the stave evidence or an lmerrupieo. meal. On the wall was a color picture of Premier Mussolini. In the seamens" mess pictures of both Mussolini and Adolf Hitler were tacked on the wall. On a table was a half-eaten dish of P- No damage was seen above deck, where winches and other loading mechanism was rusty from disuse since the freighters tied up here when Italy declared war on Eng land and France. LIST VESSELS New York. March 30. P The 28 Italian ships In American ports taken under custody bunoay oy United States coast guardsmen totaled 168,944 gross tons approxi- mately 5 per cent of tne prewar i Italian merchant marine.. The tonnage represented more than 50 per cent of Italian merchant ships lost inrougn capture ana sin- lng since the war began latest fig- ures snow uaiy naa lost o snips of 317.551 tons. Here are the ports, Italian ships and gross tonnage of each ship which the treasury In Washington announced Sunday had been taken into custody: Boston Dlno, 5,592. New York AiDena, o.iai; atsb, 5,441: Aussa, 5,441; Brennero, 4,- 946: San Leonardo. 4,657. Philadelphia Belevadere, 6,889; I Antonletta, 4,423; saniarosa, a,wi; Mar Glauco, 4,690. Baltimore Pletro Campanella, 6,140; Euro, 4,867. I Newport News. Va. Laconia, o,- 932: Vittorian. 3.349. Norfolk. Va. Ouidonla, 5.060; San Oulseppe. 5.074; Gluan, 5,473. Wilmington, N. o. vuiarperosa. 6.255. Savannah, Ga. Clara, b.isi. Jacksonvllle, Fla. Ircanla, 4,819; I Confldenza, 6,458. New Orleans Ada O., 5.334; won- flore. 5.498. Houston Monglola, 6,113. Mobile, Ala. Ida Z. O., 4.935. San Juan, Puerto Rico Colorado, 5,039. Portland, Ore. Leme, b.osb. Chrlstobal, Panama canal one Conte Biancamano, 23,255. ...... uu. TOTAL 00,00t TONS - New York. March 30. 4V-The 60-odd ships Italian, German and Danish seized by the United State Sunday totaled approximately 300,- 000 tons. The 28 Italian and two Oerman vessels totaled 178,030 tons. The New York maritime register listed 35 Danish ships In United States ports, total tonnage for 33 of them was given by , Lloyds register as 110,550. M. S. U. Twins Are Enigma t I Wmmm CHARLES (left) Missoula, March 30 (Special)- Baffling to classmates and professors at Montana State university Is the "Riddle of the Riggs," which is ftn interesting feature, or double feature, on the campus. Charles and Peter Rlgg, twin brothers from Havre, both Junior students in the school of business administration, are definitely an enigma as their best friends cannot them apart. The fair-haired twui8i whether alone or together, go by the name of "wriggles" to stu- Atlm wVia Vnnw fhm hut. don't. T,ldlnir - tandem bicvcle to school offerg a 8trlklng example of their ldentical appearance and in wear ing the same kind of clothes each day, they make a rather unique sight. Students distinguish the pair only when they are close and those who are acquainted with them look at their glasses. The catch is that Peter has the low-rim style oi spectacles while Charles wears the newer type. This Is the only way almost all of their friends Judge them They are 21 years of age, are well-built lads standing 6 feet tall and weighing 175 pounds. They earn their board at school by work- lng in the Student Union building, Amusine Incident about the brothers occurred last year, an ac Britain Blasts Italian Navy (Continued From Page 1.) after much hesitation at last moved apparently, to stop the flow of goods to France which they suspect is reaching Germany, even at the cost of interfering with convoyed fleets If necessary, French shore batteries In Algeria, on the north African coast, opened fire on British warships which stopped a convoy of four merchant men carrying "important war ma terlftl for Germany the admiralty assCTtedi and bombing planes tetef BttacKed the British vessels. convoy wa8 cnased Dy ught British naval forces after it had ,, h nf oi wlthm Spanish territorial waters and had been called upon to stop to b(j searcned the admiralty said batterles In the vl- olnUy then opened flre on OUT Ships, nt,uh..ronrtin- that thev were merely engaged in the exercise of our legitimate belligerent ngnis, the admiralty contended "His majesty's ships were compelled to reply in their own defense and hits were observed on ine snore batteries. In view of the action taKen by tne pnch batteries, our warships would have been fully Justified In firing on the French merchant shlDS and their escort but in the Interest of humanity did not do so and the merchant ships succeeded In entering the near-by French port of Nemours, "During the return of our forces tn nihmltnr t.hpv were twice at- tacked bv French bomber forma Uons but without suffering damage - casualties. n informed British source said one or rour French ships was loaded with rubber from Bangkok, Thailand, for Germany and empha .i - ed that the navv's action was no departure from its usual policy of "yt and search" for au snips carrying war material to a British enemy. - "The British lost no time ex niaininir the incident to the French. a B. B. C. broadcast in the French lanuuaee. heard in New York by c., called the Incident proof that the Vichy government was will ing to collaborate with Germany not nlv economically but also mm tarilv." ia sham differing French version chanted that "a large British naval force" attacked the convoy, wnicn had only the "symbolic" protection 0f the 1.500-ton escort vessel Be moun, In French waters and that French fire was in defense against "aeffressors" The convoy, it de clared. was bound from Casablanca to Oran. both French colonial ports. hence Its cargo was not destined for Germany. (Admiral Jean Darlan. vice pre- mler and foreign minister of the Vichy government as weu as corn- mander of France's fleet, declared March 10 that If the British block ade "which I constder idiotic" continued ships would be convoyed. The encounter Sunday was tne first report of force since then. Three times before, however, ent tsh naval fire had been turned on France. At Oran, Algeria, on last July 3 ,d rtVM d.vl lat.. -t nkar. French West Africa, the British attacked units of the French fleet .to prevent them f.-om falling Into German hands. - Again at Dakar, the British helped General Charles de oauue, leaner of Free French forces still allied with Britain, in an unsuccessful landing attempt Diplomatic sources were concerned over the latest outbnk of hostility between the erstwhile allies but and PETER RIGG tual happening not hard to believe Charles, invited to a dance by a girl at one of the residence halls, fell 01 the night of the dance. He instructed brother Peter to call the girl and tell her he was In the hos pital. Fraternity brothers stepped in and urged Peter to "pinch hit." Peter complied and escorted the un suspecting coed. Next day, how ever, she was told the whole story and- everything turned out fine. Several university professors have stated the Riggs are the most baffling of many sets of twins they have had In their classes. The Riggs bring memories of the Hodges twins, Ted and Bill, now living in Great Falls. Peter and Charles are turning out for spring football and Coach Doug las Fessenden plans to print the names of each on the Jerseys. In Havre high school, one brother played left tackle on the football team, and the other played tne op- Dosite tackle. They are members of the Phi Sigma Kappa, social fraternity. The twin brothers are sons or reter Rlgg. lawyer in Havre. An older brother. Dick, who graduated In 1937. has been shortstop for the Missoula baseball club for the last four years. CCC Is Hailed as Aid to Defense (Continued From Page 1.) year learn to operate trucks, tractors, bulldozers, draglines and scrapers. The CCC operates 29 bakers and cook schools, 31 schools for Junior officers, 10 radio schools. One California camp is training aviation mechanics. These schools, McEntee said, could be expanded to any limit needed in the interest of defense. Many boys are engaged in direct preparedness projects. Two companies of huskies sailed last fall for Alaska, to break ground for an airfield. Altogether 4,600 men have been assigned to army areas for construction and clearance work. In his review McEntee said that the CCC has constructed more than 45,000 bridges, 118,492 miles of truck trails, and nearly 6,000,000 erosion check dams. It has strung 84,737 miles of telephone lines, erected 101 radio stations, built 24,969,767 rods of fences, prepared 68 airplane landing fields, planted 2,060,403,000 trees and spent over 6,273,000 man-days fighting forest fires. The average age of the enfollees is between 18 and 19. Holds Doctor Bill Campaign Hem Washington, March 30. W) Chairman Joseph W. Martin of the Republican national committee said Sunday that Wendell L. WUlkle had offered to pay a $l3,ooo bin submitted by a throat specialist who treated him during last fall's presi dential campaign, but that Martin believed the committee should pay it, In a statement, Martin said the bill was "a proper expense of the campaign." He added, however, that he "thought the bill was too high and I turned the matter over to the treasurer of the committee for ad Justment." The physician Is Dr. D. H. Barn' ard of Beverly, Cal. their Immediate reaction was that the Gibraltar encounter probably would not lead to "another Oran" and need not cause an open break with the Vichy government. In a third, separate sea action Sunday, the air ministry news serv Ice said one well-placed bomb from a British plane sank a German antl submarine vessel off the Loire river estuary on the French west coast A terrific explosion, it said, roi- lowed the bomb hit forward of the bridge and "the ship was soon on fire and seemed to be sinking rp idlr." British sources figured that tne latest sea blow to Italy leaves her navy with only two or four undam seed battleships depending on whether the two newest of the Llt-torlo class have been commissioned vet Italy started the war with eight battleships. Including four of the older and smaller Cavour class ana the four in the Uttorlo class, counting the two which had not then been completed. Loss of three mora cruisers, ac cording to these sources, cut Italy's prewar total of 19 to 13. The Ital ians also are saia 10 nave lost w of a total of 127 destroyers and toroedo boats and It Is said here that more than 20 of Italy t 105 submarines have been sunk. At Taranto. btg Italian naval case lntlde the heel of Italy, the British declared last November that their aerial torpedoes had disabled one Llttorlo-clasj ?tttleshlp and two of the Cavour class. Seek Deportation Of Australian San Francisco. March 30. UP) The assurance of Harry Bridges that "we will knock the government (deportation) case for a loop" will go to its test Monday amid the hushed decorum of a federal court room. All the chief figures were on hand Sunday the principal, counsel and Judge and at 10 a. m. Judge Charles B. Sears of Buffalo, N. Y, will call to order the United States second attempt to return "the alien. Harry Renton Bridges," to his native Aus tralia. Bridges' statement of confidence came during a testimonial dinner In the C. L O. labor leader's honor, at which he decried the "procedure" of the government In declining to make known the particulars of its case against him. The department of Justice ar rested Bridges here February 14 last, releasing him on $3,000 bail, on a warrant charging ne snouia De deported because he had been member of or affiliated with an organization advocating v i o 1 e n overthrow of the government. Major Lemuel B. Schofield, chief of the Immigration service, has said that by "organization" the govern ment meant the Communist party, and commented "I think well pre sent a case, yes," when he was asked whether the Justice depart ment "had the goods' on Bridges. Once before the government, through the . immigration service, sought to deport Bridges. That ef fort failed when the trial examiner, Dean James Landis of the Harvard law school, found Bridges "ener getlcally radical" but said evidence in the nine-week hearing did not support the contention he was a communist. Speed Increases Cantonment Cost Reports Boost of $100,000,000 Washington, March 30. Congress heard Sunday that army cantonments had cost $100,000,000 more than expected because careful surveying, engineering and planning had to give way to speed in their erection. This was disclosed In testimony of Brigadier General B. B. Somer veil, army construction chief. The testimony was made public by the senate appropriations committee in approving a $4,389,000,000 supple mental national defense appropriation. The bill Is scheduled for senate action this week. In questioning Somervell, Senator Adams, Democrat, Colorado, brought out that congress had voted the army $328,000,000 more than the original appropriation to fimsn these camps. Somervell said $25,000,000 more would be needed, adding that in many cases the engineers' estimates of camp costs had been exceeded greatly. Beet Growers Are Released (Continued From Page 1.) of acreage planted with the expectation that any excess over and above their quotas will be used for livestock feeding," he said. A statement released by the mar- ketlne association directors regard ing the 1941 contract offered by the sugar company said, "This contract does not meet the approval of di rectors, because it does not comply with the fair price determination of the secretary of agriculture in regard to the elimination of the clause which provides for a reduction in payments to growers when net proceeds from the sale of sugar fall below $3.25 per nunoreoweigni,. (Directors referred to the so-called penalty clause, under which the growers' return would be reduced 1 per cent for each 5-cent fall below $3.25 per hundredweight in the net sugar return to the processor.) "After careful consideration of recent developments beyond our control, the directors feel Justified In taking this action," the announcement, signed by the board, said. Commenting on early planting. McMaster said "some acreage already has been planted during the last two or three days. It is expected several thousand acres will be planted this week, weather permitting. "This early planting is to be expected In view of the fact most growers realize the advantage In early planting for maximum yield. During the last five years beets planted during the first 15 days of April have yielded irom i w an tons per acre more than later-planted beets. The average Increased yield from early planting during this five-year period has been about two tons. It can be readily realized from these results the total Increased Income to growers that wljl result from early planting." Regarding plans of growers to plant more than their allotted acreage, the company manager said "This procedure Is being followed because many growers do not know the exact acreage of some of their fields and in many cases it would be necessary to split fields to comply with quota restrictions." In mid-March, association di rectors meeting with Great Western representatives refused to accept a contract offered by the company, i which included the so-called penalty clause. Larter. at a series of meetings conducted In the Billings factory district growers expressed support of the board's action. Unnoticed Nazi Plane Guns British Troops London.' March 31. (Monday) (JP) A lone German plane flew tin noticed above 40.000 British troops engaged In maneuvers In southern England, swooped down and machine-gunned some of them and then flew away, It was disclosed Monday. The British sham battle was car' lied out on a large scale, planes and parachute troops participating. The German evidently flew along with the British planes, unheeded until he opened fire. It was not indicated whether there were any casualties. A brief aid raid alert disturbed Londoners Sunday night Sirens Saturday night broke a string of eight successive nights without luftwaffe raid. Italians Claim Gains in War Report Blows Struck By Axis Plcnes Rome, March 30. W Strong and successful attacks by Italian and German planes on "enemy" naval forces In the eastern Mediterranean in the face of spirited resistance were announced Sunday night by the Italian high command. (Both the Italian and German communiques Sunday dovetailed In reports on the sea action Saturday which presumably was part of the big naval battle reported by the British. There was no other official indication from the axis capitals that such an engagement had been fought and Rome had no word on British claims that three Italian cruisers and two destroyers were sunk.) On land, the Italians announced their troops had withdrawn from Diredawa, Ethiopia, leaving that im portant point on the only railroad connecting Addis Ababa. Ethiopia's capital, and the sea undefended be fore the onrushing British soldiers. The high command said its soldiers were taking up positions west of Diredawa toward Addis Ababa. The fascist communique said Ital ian planes In the sea action hit i light enemy cruiser" with a tor pedo despite "strong aerial and antiaircraft reaction." The Germans, the Rome com munique continued, "hit one ah' craft carrier with heavy caliber bombs." (The German high command said in Berlin that nazl planes on Saturday afternoon "successfully attacked an English naval squadron west of Crete," scoring three direct hits on an airplane carrier.) In Africa, the high command .ac knowledged a British raid on Tripoli but said the fascist air force raided the British airfield at Jijiga. Ethiopia, and destroyed four planes on the ground. American Praises Quality of German Airplanes Pasadena, Cal., March 30. UP) Byron Kennedy,. 32, flight commander for the royal air force's Eagle squadron, which is composed entirely of Americans, said Sunday that German planes have "proved equal to anything thrown against them." Kennedy was granted a four- month furlough to give his ear drums. Injured in a 500-mile-per- hour dive, time to heal. The Messerschmitt 109 will dive you into the sea," he said in an interview. Its stabilizers quickly bring it out of a dive. As for American aircraft In Britain, the fighters are not as good as the British Hurricanes that were built five years ago. However, the American bombers are excellent, many of the Lockheed Hudsons being used in the coastal command." 9 N 0 T -I C E TO BEET GROWERS Notice is hereby given that Association directors have released members to contract with The Great Western Sugar Company for the growing of the 1941 beet crop. This contract does not meet the approval of directors because it does not comply with the fair price determination of the secretary of agriculture in regard to the elimination of the clause which provides for a reduction in payments to growers when net proceeds from the sale of sugar fall below $3.25 per hundred weight After careful consideration of recent developments beyond our control directors feel justified in taking this action. Mountain States Beet Growers Marketing ' Association BY THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS Wallace Asks For Unity Makes Appeal to Latin America Chicago, March 30. MP Vice President Wallace declared Sunday night that "we of the Americas, North and South and Central, must band together to maintain the sacred essence of democracy and religion." "We must not allow a 'gestapo or 'cheka to get a foothold anywhere in this hemisphere," he asserted in a written address at the national triennial convention of Bnal B'rith, Jewish service and fraternal organization. The speech was broad-east in Spanish to republics of the Americas. ' - ' "We must remember that if England loses, the nazl scheme of things wilL unless, proper safeguards are taken, come Into control within less than a year In certain of the Latin-American republics," he said, adding: - "It must be remembered that when nazl control takes place no one at any time or any place is safe against imprisonment, degradation, torture and death." The vice president declared that the minorities are always needed either as a ferment or for other purposes. "To those nations which best learn the art of reconciling minority differences will belong the future of the world." The nazis, he said, used "un speakable" methods in their efforts to eliminate the Jews completely In all Europe." all of us In the new world believe so strongly in hemispheric solidarity for defense purposes is because we know the nazis look on most of us as belonging to what they call an Inferior race. i "Naziism is partly religion, part- ' ly biology, and partly a doctrine of militaristic imperialism combined with precise economic warfare. With fanatical drive, naziism is endeavor ing to dominate the world." Hitler, he asserted, has said "that one of the main objects of his policy was to conquer America," Dog Is Churchgoer Ashtabula, Ohio, March 30. (U.K Bucky, a large dog, half German shepherd and half collie, has attended every service at Mount Car-mel Catholic church for the last three years. Sometimes he accom panies his owner, Mrs. Josephine Carlo, but more often attends mass alone. Science Enters Your Life Every Day! Science is remaking the world. Never before have so many men been actively engaged In research and experiment, and never before have their discoveries contributed so greatly to the ordinary affairs of life. Everyday Science is a booklet which tells you In a clear and straightforward manner how many of our modern' conveniences work and explains the scientific principles on which they are based. It answers hundreds of Interesting questions relating to plants and animals, the stars, weather, chemistry, physics, geography, and psychology. Fully Indexed for quick reference. Order your copy today. Ten cents postpaid. USE THIS COUPON 1 The I Infoi Billlnn Duett Information Bureau, Frederic J. Haskln, Director, Washington, D. O. I I enclose herewith TEN CENTS In I coin (carefullT wrapped In paper) for a copy of the booklet, EVERT- , J DAT SCIENCE. I Nam I Street or I Rural Rout City Stat (Mall to Washlntton, D. C.) t i

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