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The New York Age from New York, New York • Page 10

The New York Agei
New York, New York
Issue Date:
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New York Am Defender New York As Defender Is published waekly by New York Age Publishini Corp. at W. 125th St, New York 27, N. Y. Telephont ENright W100 for departmento.

Copyright 1952 by New York Age Publishing Corp. Established 1000 wnttrttf Mttni clan att March la, Ifll at Dm PmI Ofrka Maw Ttric, N. enaar Me Art if Mirck I Il7f. JOHN R. SENGSTACKE, Publisher LOUIS E.

MARTIN, Editor JULIUS J. ADAMS, Generu Manarer Mail Subscriptiob Rates Prepaid: One Year, $0.00, Six Months $3.90 National Advertising Representative 11 Wnt Mtrt St Um Xrk City N. V. SIS NdlywMd live. Lm Art Calif.

WEST Our Opinions Mrs. Mary McLeod Bethune Death has at last sealed the lips of one of the most eloquent advocates of first class citizenship and one of the wisest interpreters of American democracy. It came suddenly and unexpectedly. Mrs. Mary McLeod Bethune, however, had been prepared all her life to meet her maker.

She was a living symbol of the Christian the epitome of righteousness. From poor and humble beginnings to national esteem, the career of Mrs. Bethune is one of the most remarkable in the history of our great country. An enumeration of her high positions, of the organizations she founded and headed and of the national leaders who knew and loved her, would require more( space than these columns will permit. She was an educator, a statesman, and a counselor to Presidents of the United States.

Perhaps her greatest monument is the Bethune Cookman college at Daytona Remember Reverend Lee The shocking lynching of the Reverend George Lee in Belonzi, Miss, two weeks ago has stirred resentment among Negroes and liberal whites all over the nation. This black mark against America was the handiwork of race crazed thugs who murdered the Baptist minister in gangland fashion out of fear, fear that Negroes would win their voting rights In Humphrey COunty. Our anger at this outrage will serve no purpose, however, unless it leads us to action that is constructive, if is not to call upon the agencies of government, national and state, to bring the lynchers to the bar of justice. It is not enough to denounce the hate mongers who keep racism alive in the backward hinterlands of our country. We must do more.

No greater tribute can be paid the memory of Reverend Lee than to carry forward successfully the registration and vote campaign which he died fighting to get started. The right to vote is guaranteed by the Con What The People Say The Pot And The Kettle Dear Editor: As a Roman Catholic layman, the writer did not feel too happy over the treatment which Moscow has accorded to Rev. Georges Bissonnette, late chaplain to the members of the Roman Catholic families and person resident diplomatically in Moscow. 1 However, on the record, it appears that Ft. Bissonnette roamed Moscow and environs freely and at will, conducted divine services daily and Sundays unmolested, got around, even played golf it the British embassy and bean ed the U.

S. ambassador with a golf club. Nevertheless, the newspapers appear to be making considerable capital of Fr. Bissonnette's rather cavalier dismissal, so lest the news stories be taken at too much value let us try and fit the above news to Uncle Sammy'? other foot. There is at present resident in New York City on a "Umited" visa such as is given to suspicious characters, a reputable Anglican clergyman, here in this country as representative at the Unit ed Nations for the Hereros, ji Negro South African tribe.

Because the racist white supre Bep. Diggs fights Standard Oil iiasq M1. WASHINGTON (ANP) Con gressman Charles C. Diggs, fresh from his dramatic appearance at Mound 'Bayou, where he lashed out at Southern facists before 13,000 in the largest mass meeting in the state's history, vowed last week to open a fight on Standard Oil if the com pany continues to sanction the activities of its Southern stations and outlets. In a letter to the president of Standard Oil, Diggs asked that the franchise of a Mississippi Standard On station be revoked because of the owner's cruel treatment of a Negro school teacher who used his toilet facilities.

Diggs has a signed affidavit from the teacher who lays she was jerked off, the toilet seat, cursed and slugged. Tho fetter to the Standard Oil ASSOCIATED PUBLISHERS INC. COAST: WHALEY CAHILL macy South African government would not allow any Hereros to come as a delegate, the tribe chose Fr. Scott, a white man. Like a true pastor, he accepted the challenge.

Though aUowed to land, Fr. Scott is confined to a few blocks in mid Manhattan. He is not allowed to preach, conduct divine service or perform any of the other clerical duties and privileges of a person in Holy Orders, and the very bed he has through charity at Union Theological seminary, which took him in as a guest, is barely within the stern limits set by the most grave, potent and august authority of this country. Is this the United States, or is it Soviet Russia? Donald Terry, Chicago. Rudeness Increasing Dear Editor: I have witnessed many acts of rudeness in the Mowing places.

In the County hospital rudeness on the part of the doctors, interns and nurses is definitely on the increase. Ia the welfare station at Madison and Damen, rudeness is so bad on the part of the 'social. head also demands that Negroes be allowed to use rest rooms in all the firm's stations. Diggs asserted that if no attempt is made to halt the Jim Crowing of Negroes, he will initiate a nationwide boycott against the company which he will begin by cancelling the account of the House of Diggs Funeral liome. i While Diggs was demanding action by Standard Oil officials, it was revealed that the NAACP has filed a suit against the company for using discriminatory practices while holding a federal contract.

More than 60 million packs of playing cards have been manufactured and put on the market in the U. S. since the end of tyrld War II. 1M Wnt WtihinttM ChtCM lUimi COMPANY SI lids, laa PrancUca Calif. Beach which she founded.

She was, dear to the hearts of the women of America as the founder of the National Council of Negro Women. Hundreds of thousands remember her for her work as head of the Negro division of the National Youth Administration under President Roosevelt Still others knew her as a lecturer and inspiring public speaker, forever rallying the general citizenry in support of noble causes. Not long ago Mrs. Bethune was honored as the "Mother of the Century" and it is in that light that we like to think of her. She gave of herself to everyone, working tirelessly on behalf of others, holding all people close to her with bonds of affection, watching over, them, praying for them after the manner of a dedicated mother.

We all owe her, regardless of our race or color, a great debt of gratitude. She made America a better place, a nobler home for all of us. stitution and specifically sustained by edicts of the United States Supreme Court. The law is on our side. As long as Negroes in Mississippi or in any other areas of the nation are unable or unwilling to register and vote, there can be no true citizenship for them.

The leaders of Mississippi who rallied at the funeral of Reverend Lee can make sure that he did' not die in vain. All of us can make Reverend Lee's life meaningful. We can register ourselves, rally our friends and neighbors and see that the cause of first class citizenship receives a new birth at the polling booths. The serpents who sit in high offices and consider themselves statesmen must be kicked out into the streets by the mass outpouring of voters, black and white alike, who are determined to rid America of, lynchers. Th3 best way to remember the Reverend Lee, we is to register and vote.

workers1 that some of the unfortunate that apply for help actually cry. In many plants that are not properly organized by the union, many foremen have begun to curse at the help because there are so many people out of work that they can easily replace anyone that shows resentment. Almost all of these people that practice such acts of rudeness have a fairly good education but no courtesy, Fred Poindex ter, Chicago. Virginia And Schools Editor: I have been deeply impressed with the cogency of your argument in your editorial "Lunacy in Dixie," in the issue of a recent issue. Everyone reading it, both friend and foe, could see the flimsiness of the argument presented by Virginia, but who is so blind as ht that refuses to see? Your editorial stands out in such bold relief that I am persuaded to call it "The Epic of Virginia." May you continue to demonstrate that the pen is mightier than the iword.

Lambert W. Browne, Chicago, m. JOHANNESBURG South Africa Nationalist representatives in ParUament here have Introduced a bill designed to "pack" the Senate and give the government the two thirds majority it needs to remove voters white registration rolls. The bill calk for dissolving the present Senate and forming a new, larger body under a different method of election. United Party opposition failed to halting introduction of the bill by a vote of tl to 53.

With the biU almost certain to be passed, their only hope remains in an appeal to the Supreme Court. The Court has already been en larged and packed by the Nationalists. Population of France is increasing about 300,000 in each of recent years. .1 1 fisiiiiim liiiiiiliiiiilliiiiiiliiiiiliiilliiiiittiuiliiiiiii Eli Whitney's Cotton Cm Stopped Negro Education For Fifty Years Invention of the Cotton Gin in seeds and could clean 50 pounds 1793, by Eli 'Whitney stale mated of lint a day. A patent on the de Negro education in the South and vice was granted in 1794, which South west, leaving it stagnant for later was mechanized and.

won at least 50 years, By a strange quirk of fate, had Eli Whitney not made a trip to Savannah, in 1792, he doubtless would not have invented the cotton gin, slavery would grad ually have been abolished, there would not have been a Civil War, a permanent institution in all cot no Emancipation Proclamation ton growing states, and the entire course of history td the years that followed, va would undoubtedly have been rjous Southern states adopted a changed. 1 legislative program aimed pri Here's what happened: Whit marily at keeping Negroei ignor ney who was born in Westboro, ant and servile. Virginia passed in 1765, entered Yale col a law prohibiting all meetings of lege about 1788, and while there slaves, free persons and mulat displayed such aptitude in the toes and penalized anyone caught handling and operation of me teaching them to read and write, chanical devices that his services Georgia passed a law forbidding were in great demand. As a re any of color from receiv suit he was able to defray most ing instruction from any" source, of his expenses at Yale, where A Mississippi statute went a he graduated in 1792. step further, prohibiting any Ne Eli went to Savannah at the in gro free or slave from preach vitation of Mrs.

Nathaniel Greene, tog the Gospel. Alabama, by law, widow of General Greene of the said in effect: "Don't teach Ne Revolutionary Army and it was groes free or slave anything but at the big Green plantation on the hw to Pick cotton." Savannah river, that Whitney first North Carolina abolished "all came in contact with King cot schools for free Negroes," which, ton. up to that time had been staffed At the time of Eli's visit, a group mostly by white teachers. And cf Georgia plantation owners, in now comes the 'straw that broke terested in speeding up cotton the camel's back' more than 120 production, met the young inven nd wnich was tor at Widow Greene's home and prophetic lament against the U.S. explained their problem to him.

Supreme Court's school ruling of Whitney 'got the pitch' on what May 17; 1954. was needed, and got busy. In less Here's the 'straw': North Caro than a month he had a working Una, in 1835, passed a law which model of a contrivance that was provided that "no descendants of the answer to a cotton grower's NEGRO PARENTS, to the dream. It was a hand operated FOURTH GENERATION shall en device that separated the short joy the benefits' of North Caro staple upland cotton from its Una's Public School System." fiiHiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiinniiiiiiiiiiiiiininiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiin if i.ii 1 THE LAW APPLIES HERE The ingenuity of persons wife discriminate against Negroes seems to have no limits. We who have made a casual study of the employed in practicing racial discrimination foolishly concluded that we were by bow, after several years, familiar with every possible dodgr.

However, a friend of ours who was admitted to the Illinois bar few years ago told us a story about a Springfield, bartender who has a genius for original ity if not for common sense. After passing the Illinois bar, candidates go to Springfield, the state to take oath of their profession. Usually after this ceremony the fledgling, lawyers go on a spree that last until the early morning hours or ntil their money or energy is expended. In almost every group that is sworn in there are one or two Negroes and this poses a problem in Springfield because of the general policy of bars and hotels to discriminate against Negroes in defiance of state laws. When my friend was sworn ia he was the only Negro in the group.

Following custom, the group, or most of it, repaired Jo a bar after the ceremony to enjoy their first drinks as full fledged practicing attorneys. The men were vying with, each other to pay for the drinks, and my friend along with the others, trying to create an impression, tossed a $20 bill on the SO WHAT? "So you think the chains of hive to bt carried by three world wide fame as Eli Whitney's Cotton Gin. But the gin proved a boomer rang to Negro education free and slave as it made slave labor a valuable asset to the cot ton industry, and as such became iii: highly polished bar. As the party proceeded, the bartender would take money from one and then the other. But always he made a point of ignoring my friend's money.

This soon became apparent to the other revelers and my friend was very sensitive about the matter because it placed him in the position of taking "a free ride." "Bartender' he called up another round and take the money out or this bill." The bartender cooly Ignored him. Then one of the others in the asked the bartender if something were wrong with my friend's money. "Listen, the' bartender told him, "there's nothing I can do if you guys want to buy liquor for him, but I don't have to do business with him. It's against our policy here." This was an affront to the lone Negro, and the neophyte lawyers summoned their legal knowledge and retorted. "Listen, bartender, we are all lawyers and evidently you are not familiar with the laws of this state.

We can sue you for refusing to serve him." "Oh, yea," the bartender sneered. "Listen, I don't have to serve him and there's nothing you can do about it. He's been in here now hour and in my judgment he's drunk. Under the law, it's a violation for me to serve anyone I think has had enough." matrimony are to heavy they Huh?" Jt Fight Lynchers With Votes em em liiil Roy Wilkins, new executive secretary of the NAACP, is greatly encouraged by many of the developments in the public school picture, particularly in West Virginia and Missouri, since May 17, 1954. The first anniversary of the famous Supreme Court decision against Jim crowism in public education finds the NAACP still batUing, however, and the battle will go on.

Roy was put through the paces at a press conference in the Hotel Gotham in Detroit last week and I was delighted to see him perform. He is a tall, handsome, cafe au lait colored, middle aged gentlement with a tilt to his head that somehow gives him an academic look. The ladies always brighten up when he is around. In contradistinction to the effervescent, bubbling ver approach of the late Walter White, Roy is a cool, calm operator who measures his words. Both approaches can be effective and certainly, Roy knows what it is all about.

I had to smile as Roy explained to one daily newspaper reporter the program of "sweet reasonableness," that the NAACP prefers to employ whenever possible. Roy looked positively saintly and the only things missing were the halo and wings. He made it clear that great changes in the racial climate in America in the last 15 years have enabled the NAACP to modify its own protest methods and the explanation made sense. You don't have to call mass rallies, launch protest parades and great demonstrations now in order to get an appointment with a government official. You can get an appointment over the telephone today.

MIGHT BE NEEDED AGAIN Of course, as Roy would be the first to point out, the mass action methods once used may have to be resorted to again before first Special Tribute To Robert Abbott For 50 Years Of Public Service When we think of the pioneers in the field of journalism and newspaper development, we think always of Robert S. Abbott. Without apology, he stands in the front rank of those who gave voice to a set of basic principles, and championed their meanings with determination, consistent effort, integrity and skill. He worked at a platform which was projected toward meaningful citizenship for a group of Americans who were breaking away from the chains of slavery and deprivation. In the tarly days when Robert Abbott began to follow his dream, he found himself working and fighting almost single handed.

He did not swerve from his purpose, but With humble living, and im mearurable sacrifice, and the assurance of his convictions, he began to put into print the hopes, aspirations and strivings of his people. Living in a simple room proffered him by an understanding couple, he found a medium for getting his sheets printed and thereupon trudged the streets of south side Chicago, moving from door to door with his written advocate uf the Negro. While for a season Abbott endured hardships, the Chicago De By class citizenship becomes a reality in all sections of the country. Nevertheless, vast and sweeping changes have taken place and it is no longer so fashionable to be caught kicking a brother in the teeth. As Roy put it, the cruder forms of racial discrimination are on the way out.

Somebody brought up the question of intermarriage which Roy ridiculed and one daily newspaper reporter volunteered the information that if his sister wanted to marry a brother that the matter was her business. Roy told about having to face this question before an audience of white college students in North Carolina. As he prepared to answer someone who was asking the old question about his sister, a youngster up in the balcony bellowed out another question "Can't she say no?" We are always commenting on how the white folks have changed but, I think' Roy will bear me out since his Detroit visit," the brothers have done a lot of changing recently too. For one thing, the brothers have wangled stacks' of blue chips and a great many have so many fine homes, cars, furs and jewelry, about the only thing left to buy is an NAACP life membership. PICKED UP LIFE MEMBERS With the assistance of Dr.

Mc Clendon, a veteran NAACP worker in Detroit, Roy picked up quite a few life memberships before he left town. Once they make life memberships fashionable, they will sell like mink coats. The relationship between the NAACP activities over which Roy presides and the Legal Defense Fund over which Thurgood Marshall presides, seems to bother some people unnecessarily. The objectives are the same, of course, fender became the fighting weapon of the faith and determination of a growing group of believers who were readers and subscribers to the platform that motivated this weekly advocate. PUBLICIZED INJUSTICES Abbott realized that the injustices must be laid bare, the false impressions removed and the needs of the people now so underprivileged and oppressed explored, in order that they might realize educational advancement, economic status and ultimately first class citizenship.

This light, so effectively kindled by Robert Abbott, 50 years ago was an inspiration to many who worked with him and followed after him. Among these was his nephew and understudy, John Sengstacke. John had spiritually been prepared for following in his uncle's footsteps: Sengstacke had come into his own natural inheritance. He was the inspired publisher and owner. Since coming into his own, he has kept the Defender growing and ne himself stands in the front lines of civic, economic, social and political progress throughout the nation.

Whatever President comes into the office, he finds in John Seng stake a worthy consultant and ad mm LOUIS E. MARTIN and save for our tax laws, I suppose, the separation of activities would tat make too. much sense. The Legal Defense operation has a tax exempt status and your tnbutions to it are deductible on your income tax schedule. This, privilege is not jranted to the NAACP regular operation because the tax laws do not give an exempt privilege to organira tions that engage in lobbying for legislation and the kind of work we normally associate with tha NAACP community programs.

Whatever the differences, tha big point is that Roy and Thuiv good work together closely and the teamwork should bring about' freedom in 1963 which is the goal, of the On the 100th birthday of Emancipation, the brothers ought to be enjoying first class citizenship in Mississippi and, if Roy and Thurgood havt their way, they will. Milford Elects Prejudiced School Board MILFORD, Del. A new four, man school board has been swept into office here on the strength of a platform which promises con tinued racial segregation. The winning ticket was backed by Bryant Bowles, president of the National Association for tht Advancement of White People. Three of the four losers in the race said they were for segrega.

tion but added that they would follow any subsequent directive handed down by the Supreme Court. The common cold is limited te humans and monkeys. visor. Without compromise he defending the American phjlosophy and ideal by fighting to destroy race prejudice, helping to open up all trade unions to blacks as well as whites, seeking represen. tation for Negroes in the President's cabinet, striving for place, ment of competent Negroes in every significant post of service, railroads, police services, bus transportation, government schools and herever other citizens serve by reason of their abilities and skills.

It is gratifying to see this 50th year marked with this feeling of assurance and the forward look. We congratulate the publisher and editor, our friend and co worker, John Sengstacke, for carrying high the torch passed on to him by a distinguished sire. As we look forward to the years of integration and the times when people will blend their faiths and activities for the a of One nation, we are encouraged to see that after 50 years of building a foundation, the Chicago Defender is ready to build upon the new frontiers of newspaper services in which the reporting of tews about people will be dedicated to the blending of human interest and.

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