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Sheffield and Rotherham Independent from Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England • 4

Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England
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xnjtf SHEFFIELD 4ND ROTHERHAM;" INDEPENDENT, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY, SUCCESS conscientious men, capable of forming their opinion, and free to resign when it was not accepted by bis Majesty to call dishonest administrators in the provinces (whom Mourad described as little better than brigands) to account and to open bis gates to all complainants who wished to come, as in ancient times, to lay their THE SCHOOL BOARD INSPECTORSHIP. The appointment of the new School Board Inspector for Sheffield was yesterday made a strictly party question, and so, of course, the chairman's nominee was carried. We do not sav that Mr. Quine would not have been elected if other teachers had had a chance but, as a matter of fact, other teachers had no chance. The members of the School Board were as much Coachbuilders might take a hint.

One wonderaj how many valuable 'bus horse lives might be saved annually in London if the companies! would only learn the use of swingle-trees. ru, t- 1 I One of our fair contemporaries has thrown open its coiumns to a discussion of the problem how husbands mav be improved, and tli results of the invitation "are decidedlv interesting and! even edifying to the nier maie person, whether i single or otherwise. There is one reassuring 1 point about all the contributions to this sympo-i sium. None of the writers give up tho husband! as hopeless. AH agree that he i capable of improvement, though the methods of ameiiora-1 inr Qinrtrosfffl nm nridrlv clifTprpnfc.

Soiw rf 1 system in Zansrihar and PerRbn. A ment of policy on this qaotton atav i yP Charles Uowar.i Vnvnt i tary reception in tun IUA I Gate, on Friday nvht. she 2au. r. tion i3y -to th brsfc Commit Sir rwik wi r31.

tioa UI employment of tm nnv and would tlu no tff5int rw ven whilst we fill our foreign "I "The Medical Press" says: The decision to substitute productive for the present unproductive labour in prisons will generally meet with approval. The Prisons Board will now provide work that will interest, and the knowledge of which will probably prove useful to prisoners on release and a commencement cf this new arrangement has been made at Wormwood Scrubbs Prison. For male convicted prisoners, handmills for grinding wheat wiil supersede the crank machines; while washing and needlework for Government departments will replace, to a large extent, the onkum-pick-ing by female prisoners. No doubt, in time, other methods of labour will be introduced which will be beneficial alike to the Government and the prisoners. Presumably, the treadmill is now doomed, and all such devices which did the prisoners' no good, and were otherwise quite useless.

Supply was greatly in need of sweeping reform. Do the new rules now before Parliament go far enough, or do they go too far? To each of the two main clauses of the scheme there is a weighty objection. The weak point of the arrangement limiting the duration of Supply to 20 days is that while it prevents the undue prolongation of Committee of Supply as a whole, it takes no measures to curtail the discussion of the parts. Time may thus be wasted on minor points during the early part of the 20 days, and discussion on more important matters may afterwards be pressed into a space far too small, or perhaps be crowded out altogether. This solitary final craslWf the guillotine, without any intermediary application of its edge, may decapitate a good many items in the Estimate which by no means deserve so abrupt an execution.

Mr. Balfour last night endeavoured excuse this fallacy by assuring the House that with the heroics of platform orators and the writings of journalists who have never shouldered a rifle or looked upon the carnage of a battlefield. Its horrors are known all too well in the peaceful homesteads, to the sorrowing parents robbed of stalwart sons, to tho widows and orphans of men who have fallen, and to the poor wrecks who have returned to their country sides with shattered constitutions, worn out by the ravages of famine and fatigue inseparable from campaigns and forced marches. This is no ultra-sentimental picture. The bravest soldier in the land will not deny its reality.

The best men of all nations deplore war, and we are daily told that the great object of being prepared for war is that we may thus ensure peace. If the fact of a nation being prepared for war is to be taken as a security for peace, how much greater would be that security if the moral force of the two most powerful nations in existence were brought to bear upon the affairs of the world. An offensive and defensive alliance between Great Britain and America is not the immediate object of the movement under notice, but the object aimed at is scarcely less far-reaching in its moral influence. There can bo no peace among men so long as two nations allied in language, in literature, and with a common basis of civilisation are kept asunder by the possibility of international strife. Allied as two Powers with a settled determination that arbitration shall supersede war for the settlement of disputes and differences, we shall set an example to the world which the wise and rational leaders of thought in other countries will yearn to emulate.

With the English-speaking races rests the responsibility of leading the way, and we trust that ministers of the Gospel, citizens of light and leading, and men of social or commercial standing will deem it a moral duty to organise meetings within the next few weeks, so that from public gathering? in England may go back to America a responsive note of brotherly peace, re-echoing all that is best and noblest in the resolutions which, are to be submitted to the citizens of the States on tho birthday of one of the greatest men that the world has ever produced. H6od'e SrsapaKlla h. never beea nHed by we and euros ntil it is now one rf the most Cff mediciixe? in Great Britain. This success awoeenwonby its positive merit and by the faot ffRUE BLOOD (PURIFIER. order to hane good health wc must hare pura DjOoO, and it Hood's Saraafarillapanfies ana enriches th blood that it cures bo many forms of disease.

JSUny people who hare offered with SALT RHEUM, ithwiTnatism, fymtmuiM nenralgU, catarrh and de- ewty nave lonp since learned tne ohmmp tteatSni? thee trouhlas with superficial remedies. The irno wtayisto remove the disease bydrlviuK from the hiiiod all the imparities that axe ladfred there, and piviwr richness and vitalit to this vital fluia. pj OOP'S ARS A ARIL A. Xs the One True Blood Purifier. Sold by Chemists or sent pAst paid, 2b.

9a. and 4s. 6d by C. X. Hood and 34, Snow hill, London.

E.C. HOOD'S PILLS are especially prepared to be taken with Hood's Sarsapari 11a. Is ljd. 3654 PARLIAMENTARY PRIVILEGED. f'Catching the Speaker's Eye." We hope this wiil CATCH THE READER'S MIND'S EYE, And Cause Decision to Boy in the I BENEFIT BOOT MONUMENT MAECHE, MOOEHEAD.

This Popular and Fashionable Concern is the House cf Commons," Supplies all Communities. House of Lords, Supplies Highest Classes. JUSTICE IS DONE TO ALL BUYERS. I BEST POSSIBLE VALUE IK ALL SECTIOSS, Publicly Exhibited in J5iht Vast Windows. Pricedly Described in Eight Huge Windows, PREDOMINANT QUALITIES, iticdies' 8s.

lid. Boots, Kid, Button, and Lsee. Ladies' 10s. 3d. Boots, Glace Kid, Button and Lace.

Ladies' 12s. 63. Boots, Glace Kid, Button and Lace. Gentlemen's 10s. (id.

Boots, Lace, Button, Elastic. 'Gentlemen's 16a fid. Boots, Wide and Close Welts. Gentlemen's 21s. Od.


Moorhead, near Monument, PUBLIC BENEFIT. Wicker, Blonk Street Corner, PUBLIC BENEFIT. Infirmary Road, Anent Church, PCBLIC BENEFIT. Chesterfield, Fronting Memorial Hall. rPHE SHEFFIELD INDEPENDENT PRESS, FARGATE, SHEFFIELD.




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Lach capsule bears the name MTDY." Paris: 8, Bue Vivienne. Price 4s. of all Chemists; or post free from WILCOX and 239, Oxford street, London, W. 175 TOWLE'S GELOROD NE. Take no other.

ForCoughs.Bronohitis.Consumpiion TOWLE'S OHLORODYNB Take noother. For Coaghs, Bronchitis, Asthma. 93 EVENTS OF TO-DAY. (See Advertisements). Theatre Br-jal: "Bed Riding Hood." Alexandra Theatre: Beaut and the Beast' City Theatre: "The Serpent's CoiL" Empire Theatre Variety Entertainment Albert Hall Moore and Burcess Minstrel 7.

0 7. 0 7.30 7. f0 8. 0 7. 9.

0 Cutlers" Hall: Pictures Y.M.C.A Herr Cehen Wapnin Art Gallerv 10. 0 to 11. 0 to Citsed Closed Closed Weston Park Museum Suskin Museum finepenSenta SHEFFIELD, FRIDAY, Feb. 21, 1896. SUMMARY OF NEWS.

The meteorological forecast for this district to-day is: South-westerly to south-easterly winds, light; cool at first, milder later, some showers. In the House of Lords, the Earl of Pembroke brought up a message from the Queen in reply to the Address. The Evidence in Criminal Cases Bill, which is to enable the wife or husband of an accused person to give evidence, was read a second time. In the House of Commons, Mr. Balfour moved aperies of resolutions relating to procedure, and designed to restrict the time devoted to Supply.

He admitted that the resolutions closely affected- private members, but he believed then- effect, it adopted, would not he to diminish but to augment the opportunities of private members. After Mr Balfour's statement the debate was adjourned. The President of the Board of Trade introduced the Light Railways Bill, which was received with general favour. The bill will provide for the formation of a Commission to rendeT assistance to any properly recommended local scheme which does not come into competition with established lines. The Government fropose to supply one million sterling, partly use in grants in aid of poor districts and partly to be lent out on loans at 3 per cent, interest.

Bills relating to diseases of animals, Boyne navigation, military manoeuvres, and conciliation in trade disputes wer? read a first time. Before the Examiners of Bills at the Standing Orders stage of the House of Commons, the Sheffield District and Rotherham Tramways Bill has been reported dead. In the case of the Derby and Ashbourne Tramways Bill a noncompliance with Standing Orders is reported. Three hundred persons in the Mansfield dis trict are said to have suffered ill effects of a more or less serious nature through partaking of a prepared tooa. Miners numbering about 1000 hands have ceased work at the AHerton Bywater, Silkstone, and Haigh Moor Collieries.

The outlook is gloomy. It is stated that the Great Northern Railwav Company directors have offered to the vicar of St. James's, Doncaster, the sum of 5000 towards rebuilding the schools which were des troyed by fare. While engaged at the lhne works, Burbage, Buxton, a man named Samuel Norton Was crushed to death and buried by a block of stone weighing three tons, which fell upon him. Arbitration proceedings respecting the Chesterfield gas and water undertakings have been resumed.

Eight miners were killed at Leigh, Lancashire, by the overwinding of a cage at a local olliery. The strike in the German ready-made cfoth-ing trade is at an end, the masters having greed to give a 19 per cent, rise in wages. A Turkish mineowner has been robbed of bonds worth 500, 000 francs at a Brussels hotel. A special edition of the "Tribuna publishes details at three days' fighting between the fri1" and the disaffected chiefs, Ras Sebat and Ras Agofrfa whjA ttoft ftny tfctorkms. -v ifTV grievances before their Sovereign.

The Sultan aaw this tartniui counsellor, anu lor a moment a new era seemed about to dawn in Turkey. The Daily News gives his own account of his interview, which he afterwards published in Paris. The Saltan, said Mourad Bey, gave me an audience, and in a tete-a-tete of more than two hours' duration the most complete agreement seemed to be established between us as wc exchanged ideas. When I quitted the Palace I was authorised to present to him a draft Constitution, moderate yet liberal. I was filled with joy for the future of my country.

Alas my happiness was of brief duration. A few days later Kiamil Pasha was dismissed, and the honest element in the Ministry bad to give place to corrupt men who had long been denounced by public opinion. The day after Lord Salisbury's Guildhall speech I presented myself at the Palace. The Sultan, instead of receiving me, contented himself by sending me a smooth message by his First Chamberlain. I was convinced from that moment that there was no hope of doing any good with a Sovereign who was a hypocrite above everything.

1 decided to quit my country and make my appeal in its favour to the civilised world. Mourad Bey kept his word. He consulted first with five leading spirits of the Young 'fur-key party, who joined him on the Bosphorus and the means of combating the nefarious policy of the Sultan, "that perturber of the public peace," was discussed. A revolution was feasible. Some patriots offered to sacrifice their lives to achieve their country's liberty but it was deemed the wisest course to make a farther appeal to the public opinion of Europe.

Mourad himself accepted the mission of denouncing his Sovereign, a mission distasteful and even savouring of sacrilege to the Mussulman; but justifying hia conscience by tho requirements of the supreme interests of his country he went forth into exile. Le Palais de Yildiz et la Sublime Porte le veritable mal d'Orient par Mourad Bey, ancien Commissaire Imperial prea la dette publique Ottomans was published towards the end of last year, and now we have the Saltan's reprisals in the sentence of death pronounced against him for "conduct calculated to disturb public order in the Turkish Empire." Strange powers, says the "Chronicle," rest with the Prime Ministers in Nepaul, in that they succeed to the Throne on the death of their native ruler. This is the case with the Prime Minister of the late Jung Bahadur, who is now ruler of Nepaul. He recently wrote to England that he would like to pay a visit here, and he received answer that ho would be received with pleasure. Since then he has changed his mind, and we shall not uave him this year at least.

Apropos of Indian affairs', all the bills have been now presented to the Treasury for the Shah-zada's visit last year. House, servants, food, and special trains, amount to 20,000. Most people will be surprised at the cheapness. Mr. Frederic Harrison makes in the "Daily Chronicle" what our contemporary calls "a learned and brilliant plea for a national control of our cathedrals, on the plan of preservation rather than that of impossible restoration." I The following is a sample paragraph of Mr.

Har rison article: lhe Church cannot be safely entrusted witn tne sole care ot tne rrat rem- mints of mediaeval architecture. The clergy aro their most dangerous destroyers. And the example of France, where the Church has had a free hand, is really decisive. Not, of course, that clergymen are either indifferent to. the state or their churches, or nave any wish injure them.

Quite the contrary, it is that trop de zeie wmca is so mischievous in dioiomacy anu in archaeology. The clergy very naturally wish to Bee their churches look smart, new, zealously cared for, and handsomely furnished. To the clergy the church is a place for daily worship, preaching, and teaching, and it is as natural for the rector to like a "bright church as to like a bright rectory house and garden. But to the mass of the public these ancient churches are primarily public monuments, sacred relics, national glories; and it is of infinitely more moment to the great public to preserve their ancient sanctity in its original truth (even in decay) than it is to have them warm, comfortable, bright, and spic-and-span. The clergy, in their natural and almost excusable zeal to show the people that Anglicanism is very much alive, active, cultured, and up-to-date have really ruined and mauled almost every fine old church in this country with their contractors' machine mason work, thoir horrid Birmingham medievalisms, and all the intensely-pointed (and siEly) gimcrackery which is thought to bring down the peculiar blessing of Heaven." The value of the foreign trade of 1894 in Japan, according to the Consular report just published, far surpassed that of any previous year, and was more than three-and-a-half fold that of 1885.

In fact, the value of the trade iu the third quarter only of the year 1895, in silver, very nearly approaches that of the whole year 1885. British trade has done more than maintain its previous share in the whole, and has fully participated in the increase. Of the whole foreign trade over 35 per cent, was with the British Empire, and nearly 13 per cent, with Great Britain. Of the imports only, the value of those obtained from Great Britain was nearly 36 per cent, of the whole, from British India 11 per and from the British Empire over 55 per cent. Great Britain had an equally predominating share in the profit derived from the carrying trade.

The imports most worthy of note are those from Great Britain and British India, and from Germany, which is Great Britain's chief competitor in the supply of manufactured articles to Japan. The value cf the imports during the first nine months of 1895 is Great Britain, 33,748,891 dols. British India, 9,543,933 dols. Germany, dols. Hope for the immediate future of British trade lies principally in metals and machinery, and.

looking at the prospects of these trades in Japan, no fears need be entertained of any falling off in the aggregate value of British imports. What may bo and is yearly being more and more lost to Lancashire wiU be fully recouped by gains to Sheffield and Birmingham, and by large contributions to the shipbuilding industries oi the Thames, Tyne, and Clyde. Distracted dog owners, who object to the order of the muzzle, may perhaps find a word to the wise (remarks the ''Westminster in the following experience of a well-known Parisian society woman. This lady bought, the other day, from a perambulating dog dealer on the Champs Ely sees, a ravishingly beautiful little toy-poodle, whose feet especially attracted attention by their extremely delicate appearance. She took the treasure home into her salon and was horrified in seeing it run at once up the curtain.

The dog turned out to be a rat sewn into the skin of a baby poodle. This is an improvement on the story of the other Parisienne, who imported a mo3t rare and expensive little toy-dog from London, and found out, at home, that it was a joyful little mongrel sewn into the coat of a canine grandee. But why should not the distressed dog owner of to-day go and buy a rabbit skin to wrap the unmuzzled uoggie in? A small crowd gathered on Wednesday afte rnoon in Leadenhall street to examine a new and curious vehicle waiting outside the offices of the P. and O. Company.

Its general form, according to the Westminster Gazette," was that of a dog cart for four persons, but, not content with the usual pair of wheels, it rested itself partly upon a third, of the nature of a bicycle wheel, mpaurinr about 30 inches in diameter set behind the axle. This wheel was fixed to a steel rod, which passed under the body of the cart, and in front forked out in fashion. To the extremities of these forks the traces were fixed, passing over pulleys in order to reach them. By this contrivance the perpendicular jog usually experienced in doa carts ia avnirWl art A also the side-to-side ioc due to a horsa witb narh step pulling first against one trace, then against the other. The former is the greater advan tage do wo cam cue latter to tho horse.

outside the business as the teachers were. Messrs. Coombe and Warner settled the matter between them. They, and not the School Management Committee, or the Board, went over the list of teachers, and decided who should be promoted. When they had decided, their party some of whom disagreed with this method of selection, and one of whom believed that Mr.

Quine was not the most suitable man went solidly for them, and so this important appointment has been treated as a piece of patronage, a perquisite halved, apparently, between the positions of the chairman of the Board and the chairman of the School Management Committee. If public bodies, popularly elected, are to degenerate into mere delegaters of patronage to their chairmen, when important offices are to be filled up, we might just as well be back in the old days of favouritism and jobbery. We do not for a moment suppose that Mr. Coombe and Mr. Warner did not honestly believe that Mr.

Quine was as well qualified for the office as anybody else. Perhaps they believed he was better qualified. The point is What right had their particular belief to settle the whole matter Had not other members of the Board an equal right to bo consulted Had not other teachers an equal right to be considered with Mr. Quine Mr. Warner, who spoke at the meeting with a gracefil modesty (as far as his unfortunate position would allow) and the best of feeling, acknowUdgod that there are several Sheffield teachers well qualified for the appointment, and that he had found it difficult to make a choice.

Why, then, did he not ask his fellow-members to help him Why did he not give these teachers an open chance It is not enough to say, I considered everything and everybody before deciding." If that principle were allowable we might as well have a School Board consisting of a single member at once. Mr. Warner end Mr. Coombe both tried to raise an obscuring dust by insisting that the appointment ought to go to a Sheffield teacher. Nobody who was not on their side spoke to tite contrary.

Mr. Sandford and Mr. Richardson both would have preferred to have seen the appointment thrown open to all teachers every where for competition and yet, with an ex traordinary inconsistency, finding their plea for full competition set aside, they supported the opposite extreme the selection of one candi date only, by one Board member. We believe that the position taken up by the Liberal members of the Board was a sound one, namely, that the choice should be open to Sheffield teachers. It is right that the plums at the disposal cf the Board should be given to the Board's teachers, if there are suitable recipients and it is acknowledged that there were several, probably not a few, teachers in every way eligible for this office.

Mr. Coombe, who commented on our article of yesterday, a clipping of which he held in his hand, spoke as though we had advocated the advertising of tho post. We did nothing of the kind. Quite sufficient competition would have been brought out by an intimation to the bead teachers that the Board was prepared to consider applications. Then, if the School Management Committee had considered those applications on their merits, neither the members of that committee nor the teachers would have had the feeling of being overlooked and passed by, while one man on the committee arbitrarily picked out and promoted one man from among the teachers.

A good deal of the speech-making on the side of the majority on the Board was devoted to trying to find inconsistency in the action of the minority of tho School Management Committee, on the ground that they would have been satisfied if someone other than Mr. Quine had been appointed. As we said yesterday, the question is not a personal one, and ought not to be given a party complexion. Whoever had been picked out by Mr. Coombe or Mr.

Warner, and thrust upon the committee, without other teachers having a chance, or the Board having an opportunity of making a choice, the objectionableness of the method would not have been lessened. It is the one man government, the personal seizure of patronage, that we object to. The members of the majority of the Board who stuck together and voted for their chairman's nominee (for it is Mr. Coombe and not Mr. Warner who is really at the bottom of this transaction) know perfectly well in their hearts that the course they sanctioned, namely, the appointment to an important public office of one man, without competition, through the personal preference of another man, is most unsound and dangerous.

Such a method of appointment must be discouraging to teachers, by making favour the ground of promotion. It gives to individuals direct power over public concerns which ought to be shared round a whole publio body. It humiliates the School Board by treating its members as nonentities. We thought yeater-dav this appointment might perhaps be described as a slip." We do not wish to unduly press a point against the majority of the Board, but we cannot regard their action yesterday other than a determined persistence in a wrong course at their party's call. SAVING TIME IN PARLIAMENT.

The reform in Parliamentary procedure with regard to Committee of Supply, introduced yesterday bv Mr. Balfour, will certainly get the serious consideration which he bespoke for it. The resolution proposed, while in its essence a revival of that familiar Parliamentary weapon the guillotine, appUes the implement to a totally new use in an altogether unexpected fashion. Supply has hitherto, if curtailed at all, been curtailed piecemeal Mr. Balfour proposes to terminate it absolutely after 20 days' discussion, and if any arrears of the various Estimates are left at ten o'clock on the twentieth day, they are to be carried straight to the vote.

There is another main point in Mr. Balfour's resolution, of an importance hardly less than the limiting clause just mentioned. Instead of being taken as circumstances require, Supply will occupy each Friday formerly a day devoted to private members until the twenty days are completed. The fifth of August is to be the night of the grand closure. Such are the leading features of the important and comprehensive measure introduced last evening.

The proposal has the advantage of a sterling principle as its foundation. This principle is that tiie House of Commons should be made as prompt and efficient a business machine as pos sible. Nowhere nave breaches of the principle been more often perpetrated than during Committee of Supply. That has been the harvest season of obstructionists. Insignificant details have been the subject of useless and interminable debates of inconceivable dulness.

Lead pencil amendments, sealing wax amendments, amendments upon every minute triviality that could be dragged forward hare poured in by ifeagjs as exroses for wasting the.gpicEse's time. pro ail nurh-disfu 111 -e -mthorsbip itnow Mr hf. chjt iwttw'm( bUor the dtu-eioti oi th it reception ihU vtrueH rmi'- intre.t ani of aioof. Alter frM le-H-r the- r.q ff n-iih WiHiitrn -U and afterward lin I v. oi the omnihu rf Uition urdors.

tv'. fru-i i which took nii'c-e 11 ir 4 ib and a -n Baifour's urn ror.n Ar. no intentKii rn; relation. Hn own at n- ipiluenro Mr. fttbVtir't m.n.1 h- Ins fomhi'tive ins'ir.

iwfavourabic wto pwrfvbeH 1 party It amy to -tae private member, wfafe his mettK Tho nroncs.l to sacred and chcrubc' right to discuss Supj -v private uiemher ml made rtH fr-lr. -j-iri (sSftoiusts are agaiost also tu a b. mentations have oi their rank and fie. According jo a understood that 30 Minn cipated that a in somc rorm oi etm confess that I lo nt pation. Mr.

Balfot-r r. members behind bin jn way when he intim 1 draw the resolution if 113, -nn to tne noiwe; yiirj important warninrr, th.t it be altogether, and not deferenc? to tb? tv. and mueh-misund r. Sir William Hjwrein. ha- m.

that several important ivied upon, tiw i much strengthen thr ivhich took place this evening leaders. Certain am- be counted upon from thn bench, some whk-'i -r in. Mr. J. W.

Lowiai-r r. amendment, and Mr. Ll- evening handed in tour n. i ho i already rauoic p- rt a Tr "Hi 1 a 0 tJv- Courtney leeis, i ki'w. subject, and I bcheto a will he sot dewn in bli Unionist party us a the strong undercurrent ct hov, ail hands, tut, of course, it re the party loyalty may bo of the resolution with im -indicated above.

A meeting wa held mittfQ nr i. ir IU 4 if iu -i favour of religious equii i iwm jraniamcntary LMnaucte i An lY44fHr i I cnosen as presKKnr. oi ti. codall as 4. I'm-and Carved Williams uud Business has gone through ja rate to-night.

Mr. iKaema Ug i BUI was doue witu bet ore member nad tpokieu. 3lr. measure to anu-nU tao Dt jm was through by cl-ivta. strictures bad been passed in the work done by hu pr -bury also obtained to 1 tating to the Bow.o oavigai u.i long before midnight ie ttvttse discussed Mr.

Urodnck i performance uuhUry wunnrtin 0 -J Mr. Henry J. Wiiau ha atvn n- to-morrow it he cuu sici') ayprvVlfc-popuiation ot the TnuttVaal tween natives, Boers, and Uur.j.- 1 I hear that it i Mr. Darn I tion, if he the opp.f. it call attention tr the UMpee i an tn and to move that tto it ia desirable to appoint tors from among tJw ik ii men to assist tue prei.

co mines iu the 'hachaxge ut in I understand that 8ir ini peses to call the attention jjareh 13th to the aenon those member oi tho Ihtbuc tjr inent of India who ent. red th- tou ing Codege at Cooper rJUi i 1874 by the non-fulfilment oi out in the prosneetua an I i st which they entered th aervwe ment of India, The ladies and gentleman wh the Cookery and Fool EahibitK 1 J-perial Institute hare been higbty obtaining such a magnificent ikt Jieven or t-ght member the I' head the list, aad, ot course, aro conspicuous. But 1 i i agreeably surprised to uotic- i uuiuiuit lutvrest hunfr. 'ltia ia L. 4mjctij, i inanuf.

aasit tBe promote au-kin ff QOhIe one in mm Lhee hi T' maaT be practicallv uuereffftn" to ok who are ot an SSmJ of mind. The aim jud t. draws, and tnerc wiil be alw i amining cooking apptaMM soriee. The suggestion of a conv-Mr question of the Liberal -4-i -o es novel. Who ie to arrange u- members of the Upccr Hen I 1 there to be unrestricted ibe a-tions I should have Fletcher handle Ovioro he be "New Age" leave hia baau btg aMttv has much to it.

necessary on th mum question, A 'f Liberal, however, ivgard Ihto i about who is to be vt energy. Sir John A. Picton Hps ler Ho4 Union, not because he ha ceased Ruler, but because he think raa' Rulers and Irish Home Kolers mint their own line now they are hf question, as education, tor P't he ha been somewhat hast in seeing that Mr. DiHon ani made it clear that they don their Ensriieb Nonconform present difficulty. The prospect of settlement ni sl(e Amere difficulty by arbitration of aom in every day.

The most smviiK wasie situation in t.hi wmammm i that u. 'W morning journals are claimm- brte the suggestion, and are fnvw in consequence. The rivalry th mark able the sucKeated pin ha rived a be edndi Mr. 1 1 the hints, for example, are little snort coun sels of perfection, as when it is suggested that, by trying to bear with her husbands particular! peculiarities, a wife mr.y bring him ronr.d see his own faults. Another writer is so okl- fashioned as to lay down tho proposition that the! first duty of wives is with husband and cluidren, 1 adding that if all women were good, men would) not require to be improved.

On the wliolo thej tone and temper displayed bv the various writers is most geniai auu nyHnnw. note is strncK oy one laciy, no rwwhwi adroit flattery as the means '-par excellence" by which tho better half may better her husband. Never let them think," so runs her advice. that there is any room for improvement." There an interesting interview in tb "Young Woman" with Mr. J.

BuckmastT, of cooking class fame. Here is a curious fact: "At my first lecture (says Mr. Bnek-master) Monsieur who had been chef to several families of distinction, came and brought with him a number of others in fact. I found myself, before the lecture began, receiving tho salutes of nearly all the chici cooks London. I explained that I did not pretend to be able to instruct gentlemen occupying such important positions in the profession as themselves, but that my object was to awaken public interest in the importance of cooking, and to teach people that livmg comfortably is not so much a mattsr of money as of knowledge.

They replied most kindly that they had come to show their approval of my efforts, but one of the chefs took me on one side and whispered in broken English, Monsieur, it is good of you to try, but you will never teach the Enslish to cook it is not in them." How do you account for it, Mr. Buckmaster, that women seem to have been ousted frcro the cooking profession in its most lucrative posts by men? One never hears of a woman occupying a position equivalent to that of a chef," asked the interviewer. "I think men because they have method and the abdity to control a large establishment. In fact, men are almost a necessity in large places; I if the waiters and men-servant3 could be controlled by a woman, however cicver she might be as a practical cook. Women are frilling fairly lucrative positions as teachers of cooking, and oi courso in moderate households they hold responsible positions as servant cook.1?; but when you come to great establishments, where a body of men waiters, footmen, and so forth have to be controlled, it seems to me that until women are trained to method and administrative skill, they are not competent for the position of chefs." OUR LONDON LETTER.

FROM OUR OWX CORRESPONDENT. HOUSE OF COiDlONS, Thursday Night. There was a very good attendance at St. Stephen's to-day, in view of Mr. Balfour's promised statement in regard to the prooosed alteration of the Standing Orders.

The subject could hardly have been one of engrossing interest to the outside public, yet the Strangers' Gallery was packed, as were also, though iu a lesser degree, the galleries allotted to peers and members. It was palpable from the first that the House was in an irritable rather than an expectant mood. Thoro was a puzzled expression on the faces of individual members as there would be on the face of a sedate, order-loving man who had received peremptory notice to alter his settled habits of life without quite knowing the reason why. This irritation displayed itself at the outset-. There wa3 a nervous disposition to hurry over questions and get to the main matter in hand, which at one time almost provoked a scene.

Mr. Willie Redmond had drawn attention to the religious demonstrations which have lately occurred in Hyde Park, and wherein it was alleged that wantonly gross insults had been offered against the Catholic religion by the exhibition of a rosary and some wafers. As Sir Matthew Ridley had not the power to put a stop to proceedings of this kind, Mr. Redmond endeavoured in a string of supplementary questions to get him to express public disapproval of tho acts complained of. The House, however, began to murmur, and after the intervention of the! Speaker Mr.

Redmond had to sit down unsatisfied. It was very evident that Mr. Balfour was in close touch with the feelings as the House. It was his endeavour to inculcate a spirit of sweet reasonableness among both followers and Oppo sition. Considerable time lost in (1 ismak ing tho procedure to be adopted in debating the resolution.

The leader of the House bemm hv congratulating himself upon his perspicacity in allowing three days to elapse between his ex planatory statement and the final settlement of the question. He thought that the better tho proposals were understood the better they would be liked. The present system of dealing with the Estimates had every fault that a system could have. The object of the discussion of Supply nowadays was not to ensure the economical administration of public money. That was an exploded fallacy, said Mr.

Balfour, but the House of Commons did not by anv means look convinced. The leader of the House called attention to tho large amount of time mvariamy wasted over "trivial architectural folates, and nointed mit t.Vvn. 4-. uic uiua WnStfttI alwnrfl rafill 1-knrl in r. J.l.., 4i lu.iwf.juuiv tie Date of more important matters.

He contended that by curtailing discussion of the Estimates within 20 days, and by pruning down the time a a 7 uue devoted to the smaller votes, the session would be made shorter, the provision for private mem bers would be augmented, and an increase oi dignity and importance would accrue to the debates generally. Wheu Mr. Balfour sat down the House rapidly emptied, and Mr. Ritchie, who then brought forward his Light Railways Bill, had a meagre audience. Reduced to a skeleton, Mr.

Ritchie's proposal is to form a light railways commission to render assistance to a ly properly recommended local scheme which does not come into competition with established fines. The Government propose to supply 1.000,000, which is partly to ha used in grants in aid to very poor districts, and partly to be lent out 3f per crnt. interest. The subsequent ci itirm of the mea3uie was in the main very friendly Mr. Bryce deprecated any interference to private enterprise, and also out that if the bill was to apply to every district which suffered from agricultural depression the sum set aside by the Government would not suffice by a lone way Sir William Hart Dvke appeared to be delighted with tho measure, and characterised it as the best series of suggestions yet put fos-ward.

It will be romembered that Mr. Chamberlain and others were somewhat angry a year ago that the Liberal Government would not undertake to find tho money for the immediate abolishment ot slavery in Zanzibar and Pcmba. It was onlv a question of money, because the existing slaves would have to be purchased from their masters. 1 am now able to announce, from an authoritative source, that after giving the whole question lull consideration, the Government is about to uuw stuns to put an absolute sui to fcfec i ii I i toi We are glad to see that the "Daily News" is continuing its admirable descriptions of Irish leaders. Yesterday it "did" Mr.

Dillon, the writer being "one who knows him." Here is the personal sketch: The tall, slender figure, the sallow complexion the deep, dark eyes, dark as those of an Italian or a Spaniaru, and the hair that once was like what Milton calls the raven down of darkness," now somewhat streaked with the set tpression of face all these personal characteristics would undoubtedly suggest to an ordinary spectator the idea of a melancholy man. But Mr. Dillon is in private life, or, indeed, for that matter, in public life as well, anything but melancholy. He is genial, ho is pleasant in talk, he enjoys a good joke, and can tell an amusing story. He has a hopefni nature and a temper which nothing can rufilo.

He is a very sociable man, enjoys London life and London society, dines out a great deal, and is a very welcome guest at English dinner tables, and, on vne whole, contrives to knock a good deal of enjoyment out of life, despite the intense, incessant political worries and cares and troubles to which his peculiar public position subjects him. Mr. Dillon is, above all things, a fair-minded man, an equal minded man he would not consciously auow an injustice to bo done even to Mr. Healy. I have never met a man (says the Daily News writer) more thoroughly single-minded.

have never met one of whom I could more fully believe that his actions and his words were invariably dictated by a sense of public duty. Mr. Dillon was educated for the medical profession, and still preserves a very good knowledge of its business, but he has, of course, for nearly 20 years been wholly absorbed in the Irish national cause. His patriotic feeling is, as Sir Walter Scott said of hia own Jacobite mclinings, in his blood. Mr.

Dillon's father was one of the rebels of 1848. Mr. Dillon is a very well-read man, but he never talks of his reading unless you directly draw him out upon tho subject. He has also been a great traveller, but he never talks of his travels unless you ask him for information about some far off region with which he is personally acquainted. He knows the United States from east to west, and from north to south- He lived for a considerable time on a ranch in Colorado.

He is well acquainted with Canada, and has a thorough knowledge of all the Australasian Colonies. He has been in the island where Robert Louis Stevenson lived and died. He has a keen retentive memory, and can tell you how to go from this part to that part of New Zealand or Queensland as readily and accurately as if he were a Murray's guide book. Of course, he is familiar with all the ordinary regions of travel in Europe and Egypt and the nearer East generally. As to his reading, it is ery varied both in science and in literature.

His taste inclines him to admire the greatest in every style, whatever the form may be. Ho is an enthusiast about Goethe, and an enthusiast about Burns. He finds great delight in the frequent reading of Herodotus. His qualifications for political life are a complete knowledge of all the subjects that concern the welfare of Ireland, and in acquaintance with the conditions of many other countries which enables him to compare aad contact and draw conclusions a great natnml dity well trained by long experience a rcjwiy gift of speech, and an indomitable courage. He is not an orator, and does not attempt to be, although he can always impress a great public meeting in Ireland or in Great Britain, and he has often made a deep impression on the House of Commons, more perhaps by bis earnestness, his sincerity, and his knowledge of facts than by bis eloquence.

He is not a Parliamentiry debater in the sense that Mr. Sexton was or that Mr. Healy is. He does not profess to much of a tactician, although he quite appreciates the value of tactics in Parliamentary, as in other warfare. His commanding position in politics is due to force of character rather than to what might be called mere cleverness or artifice of any kind.

The new Poet Laureate was, it seems, born in May, and thus, in his lyric, "A Birthday'' (to be found in "English Mr. Austin puts into verse his pride in the month of his birth: I love to think, when I first woks Into this wondroas world, The leaves were fresh on elm and oak, And hawthorns laced and pearled. And thus it must have been I gained The vernal need to sing. And, while a suckling, blindly drained The instinct of the Spring. That in my song you catch at times Note sweeter far than mine, And in the tangle of my rhymes Can scent tho eglantine.

Mr. Quiller Couch (says the is up in arms at "the taunts that have been levelled at his brother Comishmen who objected to fight the battles of the Ecksteins and the Baraatos against the Boers. Mr. Couch can understand men fighting for a king, or for a democracy, or an aristocracy, or even a plutocracy, but he cannot understand why the English people should be called upon to rise in their millions whenever a stock-jobber shakes the Union Jack before them. That the miners should be branded as cowards because they refused to march under the orders of the commanders of Johannesburg is not the least astounding incident in the whole fandango of opera-bouu'e.

One of the results of the new photographic discovery by Dr. Roentgen is that a letter can be photographed through its envelope and the contents read with as much ease as though the seal had been broken. The experiment (says tho has been successfully made by several members of tho staff of the "Gau-lois." In the course of experiments conducted with the assistance of M. Denis Lance, Docteur-es-Sciences, and M. de Bouillane, a skilled photographer, our contemporary claims to have made a new discovery, of which more will be said later.

These experiments were explained to M. Alexandre Hepp, of the "Gaulois," who exclaimed, "Why, then, you will be able to photograph letters through their envelopes?" "Just so!" was the reply, though at that time it was nnknown whether such a thing was possible. The result of the conversation was that M. Hepp handed over one of several letters which he had just written, and in less than half an hour received a negative which distinctly showed his handwriting. This is not possible, however, with all kinds of paper and all kinds of ink, says the "Gaulois." But only 15 seconds are necessary to photograph the contents of a letter written upon the paper of the Chamber of Deputies, or of the Senate, and enclosed in an envelope of the same paper.

However, several sheets of paper wrftpped round the letter would make photography very difficult, If not impossible. It has been found that a letter wrapped in tinfoil cannot be photographed. Mourad Bey, who in his absence from Constantinople has been sentenced to death by default, is the bold official who last October made a personal appeal to the Sultan to rid himself of his evil counsellors at the Imperial Palace, to govern by a responsible Cabinet of honest, the Government would be careful to give prece dence to the more essential questions. But what questions are the more essential is largely a matter of opinion, and a matter on which a considerable portion of the House may hold views different from those of the Government. The new measure, in brief, fails to secure that each portion of the Estimates will obtain just so much attention as it requires, and no more.

Here it may be said that the new rules do not go far enough. With regard to their other central point the devoting of every Friday to Committee of Supply they perhaps go too far. Tuesdays and Fridays have been the recognised private members' days; but Tuesday has often been annexed by the Government, and Friday alone has remained in unofficial hands. According to the proposed regulations, Friday is lost to the private members, while Tuesday is as in-secure as ever. Mr.

Balfour has promised that due regard will be given to the interests of private members. But such promises have been given galore in former years, and have almost inevitably proved an inconvertible currency. It may be feared that the last state of the private members will be worse than the first. They have not always used the time bestowed upon them to the best advantage but that is no argument for further intrusion upon their extremely narrow preserves. In dealing with the first objection that has been raised, the Government might take a valuable hint from their predecessors.

There was no limit during the last Parliament to the time devoted to Supply as a whole but, in compensation for this, the Liberal Government had little hesitation in cutting short the discussion of the various parts. The want of Mr. Balfour's plan is a system of compartments. A certain number of days might be devoted to each branch of the Estimates, enough to ensure thorough criticism, and too little to permit of peddling and irrelevant disputations. Such a method could be carried out without exceeding the 20 days' limit, and would provide more acpurate guidance in the manner of spending the period within that limit.

This system of compartments, it may be noted, is now advocated by Conservative organs, who, during Lord Rosebery's Ministry, fiercely disputed both its wisdom and its justice. The suppression of trivialities can be effected ly no rules of procedure; but a definite understanding between the leaders on both sides, to discountenance all useless amendments, paltry amendments, and frivolous amendments, might have a wholesome result in preventing the time of the House being wasted by obstructionists or busybodies of either party. Coupled with some such arrangements as these, the 20 days' limit would greatly aid in making the House of Commons a far less cumbrous and far more workmanlike body. As regards the private members, they can hardly be expected to content themselves with less than a definite agreement with the government that certain fixed days should be left undisturbed in their hands. Their grievance is a very old and a very awkward one, and Mr.

Balfour might take this opportunity to set them opon a clearer and more certain footing. ANGLO-AMERICAN ARBITRATION. To-morrow is George Washington's birthday, and it has been selected by the International Bureau of Peace Associations as the day on which all affiliated associations throughout the world should pass simultaneously resolutions in favour of international arbitration. The Anglo-American crisis through which we have been passing has brought home to the minds of many thousands of people who are not connected with the Peace Association the necessity for a better understanding between this country and the great English-speaking people on the other side of the Atlantic. We have been accustomed to regard the idea of war between England and America as so utterly absurd that common interests and commonsense have been relied on as the safeguards against hostilities of a warlike character.

But during the past few months we have been brought face to face with the disquieting fact that there is more than a remote possibility that the peace of the world may be so disturbed that even apart from actual fighting untold danger to the prosperity of both nations may arise from a mere misunderstanding. A war between Great Britain and America would be worse than a disaster. It would be a crime a hideous, fratricidal slaughter of friends and kindred. Even were war only declared, and it became necessary that all men should return to their respective countries, thousands of people would bo commercially ruined without a shot being fired. And yet we have seen that there is at present no assurance that such eventualities may not arise.

Politicians and statesmen come and go, and the mistakes or the prejudices of statesmen on either side might at any moment bring about such bad feeling that national prosperity would be grievously injured before common sense came to the rescue; or, indeed, things might go so far that bloodshed could not be avoided. On the heads of those who sought the quarrel would be the guilt for we cannot, of course, submit to aggression or unreasonable demands bat on the people cf both countries would fall the misery and the suffering. The interests of all partiesto take no higher ground demand a more substantial security of peace than now exists. It is high time that the Governments of the United States and Great Britain by formal treaty established arbitration as the method of concluding all differences, which may fail of settlement by diplomacy, between the two Powers. It has been proposed that the people of all cities and towns in the United States should, at their meetings to celebrate the birth of Washington, or at special meetings called for the purpose, pass resolutions in favour of arbitration, and it has also been suggested that the people of Great Britain should also hold meetings with a similar object.

time could be more opportune for the appeal which has been issued by the advocates of peace. We have just had a national upheaval of feeling almost amounting to a war scare, but having demonstrated our readiness as a nation to sink party differences in defence of the welfare of the Empire, we may now be said to have calmed down to a reflective consideration of what has happened and of what may happen in the remote future. The sensible men and women of the nation know well that war is something more than a theme for patriotic songs and after-dinner speeches. It doss not begin sad end FROM NEAR AND FAR. Yesterday, in our leading article on the appointment of a School Board inspector for Sheffield, we referred to a letter as appearing in our columns.

That letter was in type but, by tile singular fatality which makes printers the despair of writers, it got itself crowded out at the last moment. Here it is a day after the event SCHOOL BOARD INSPECTOESHIP. To the Editor. On the ground that the above office is one of extreme importance in the elementary educational system of Sheffield, may I draw public attention to the appointment recommended hy the School Management Committee, and ask the frribving questions: (1) Were any other names brought before the. committee? (2) Were applications invited by the School Board? (3) Has it been ascertained whether t'to purgtried appointment is acceptable to the teachers; and since the board's inspector has to work with H.M.

inspect, rs have they been consulted, as on the former occaaior (4) What are the claims of the teacher recommended for this important office Are they superior to those of others of longer service, wider experience, and of far higher culture 1 hare no concern in the appointment save as one who takes a keen interest in education. I am informed after making many enquiries that grave dissatisfaction exists among the teachers and they as well as outsiders await with eager curiosity for the justification of this recommendation. We shall see if it is forthcoming at the Board meeting. The member responsible for the selection has a difficult task before him. Yours faithfully, EDUCATIONIST.

The debate in the School Board yesterday was very disappointing, if the party view be put aside and the aim be to do the right thing in the right way. Mr. Holmes gracefully and moderately introduced his objection to the method of selecting the School Board inspector. I Mr. Warner, tho chairman of the School Manage ment Committee, occupied a very unenviable position.

He had obviously been a pawn played by Mr. Coombe. We liked Mr. Warner's composure and fairness right in the midst of the fisticuffs. Mr.

Sandford and Mr. Richardson voted for Mr. Quine, although they objected to the method by which he had been chosen which was the very point in dispute and Father Burke voted for him, although he confessed he did not believe he was the best man for the Mr. Charles Hobson and Mr. Enowles took a firm and safe- stand on principle.

A striking thing was said by Mr. Henry Adams. Althougn he has been on four boards, he has never had any opportunity of taking part in making staff appointments, whereas Mr. Warner, as soon as he arrives on the board, can practically make an appointment of his own right off to one of the most important offices in the city. The crowded state of the Cutlers' Hall last evening, when the Literary and Philosophical Society held their annual conversazio i affords ample proof of the success and popularity of the society.

As in previous years, the gathering was a airly representative one, many of tho leading citizens of Sheffield being present. All the rooms were requisitioned for the occasion, and even then the large number of people made the recognition of friends a somewhat difficult matter, while locomotion at one par: of the proceedings was anything but easy. Down the centre of the large banqueting haU was a raised platform, prettily ornamented with palms and flowering plants, and from this point of vantage it was pleasant to watch the s'owly-movmg throng of promenaders and the pretty frocks of the ladies as they passed by. Some cf the gowns worn were exceptionally handsome both in material and colour, and added considerably to the effectiveness and brilliancy of the scene. Miss Lilian Hovey wns looking charming in heliotrope accord eon pleated chiffon, with a corsage of white satin Mrs.

Brit tain was in black and white Mrs. Robert Styriug had on fawn brocaded silk; and Mrs. Wyciffe Wilson, whose face and charming manners are always a welcome sight at our various public and private gatherings, was attired in black silk, with a dainty fichu of white chiffon and lace. One of the chief features in the evaaing'a programme were the exhibitions of the new photography. On a table in the corridor were to be seen, by those fortunate to get near, shadow photographs taken by Dr.

Hicks at Firth College, showing the practical application of this new photography to anatomy and surgery. One plate, which was much in request, showed a woman's hand in which a needle had been embedded since Christmas. By means of the new photography the needle had been localised, and was successfully extracted by Dr. Pye-Smith the day previous to the conversazione. In the old reception room at the top of the stairs, Dr.

Sorby gave two short lantern exhibitions on the same subject, remarking at the commencement that Firth College, Sheffield, was not one whit behind the great Metropolis. The concert in the new drawing room was of a high-class character. Miss Margaret Hoare's sympathetic voice was much appreciated, and she received considerable applause for her ren dering of an old Freneh air, "La Charm ante Marguerite." Mr. Kendal Ward has a fin-? presence, and, what is more to the point, an exceptionally powerful voice, which he well knows now to use. His singing of "A Hundred Fathoms Deep" gained for him a most enthusiastic encore.

The instrumental pa.t of the programme was rendered by Messrs. Hinehliffe, Harrison, and Sinclair, who played a trio of Reisseger's, arranged for violin, violoncello, and piano, in capital style. The harp solo, "Irish Airs," performed by Mr. J. Sinclair, was, however, one of the gems of the programme, and well deserved the outburst of applause which greeted it at the close..

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