The Standard from London, Greater London, England on July 5, 1898 · 7
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The Standard from London, Greater London, England · 7

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Tuesday, July 5, 1898
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sught to pay less. But it does not at all follow that they are less liberally treated. The contrary is the case. Their net contribution to the Imperial expenditure i.e., the outlay for common purposes of the three Kingdoms is very much less than abstract equity would require. Their privilege or good fortune in this respect is increasing. By the policy of High Death Duties, by the reduction of the Tobacco Duty, and by the Agricultural Grant to be provided by the Local Government Bill, they benefit more than Englishmen or Scotchmen. The superficial disparity does not affect individuals at all. No individual Irishman has to pay more: many pay less than their fellow-subjects elsewhere. But just so far as pressure of taxation is on the poor rather than the rich, Ireland (being a country of many poor) pays in the aggregate somewhat out of proportion. The tendency of recent fiscal legislation is, as every one knows, to throw the burden more and more on the most prosperous classes, and thus the apparent vuevenness is being automatically adjusted. A point of considerable importance to Hoard School teachers was decided in the Court of Appeal yesterday, in the cases of " Phim ip.s and Cockekton v. The London School Board.' Miss Phillips, the Plaintiff in thf former instance, had acted both as assistant find as head mistress on the staff of the Defendants from 1884 to 18!7. After her appointment Hie Board proposed to deduct two per cent, annually from the salaries of teachers, with their consent, paying the proceeds into a Superannuation Fund, to provide against sickness or old age. Miss Phillips assented, in writing, to this arrangement, which was to take effect in the first instance for only two years, but was afterwards to continue for five years, till tlio sanction of Parliament had been obtained fur the creation of a special Statutory Superannuation Fund. This condition not having been fulfilled in 1893, the School Board gave SJiss Phillips the option of being paid off all tiio deductions, with interest, or of coming upon the Superannuation Fund on a now basis. She exercised her option in favour of the latter alternative. Having resigned her post, she now claimed to recover the annual deductions, on the ground that the School Board had acted ultra i-ircs in making them. Mrs. Cockerton's case was substantially the same, except that she was not appointed till after the new Superannuation Fund had come into existence. The Court of Appeal, aiiirming the decisions of Justices Wrioht and Klnxkdy and of Judge Lumlly Smith, gave judgment for the School Board in both actions. This result appears to be the natural and proper one. The deductions were made from the Plaintiffs' salaries with their own formal sonsent. The Superannuation Fund was really mutual insurance system organised by the teachers themselves, and the only ground on which it could be contended that the School Board had acted beyond their powers was that some charge might be made on the money collected from the rates for the management of the Fund. Even if such a charge would he illegal, it was obviously not a matter of which the Plaintiffs had, under the circumstances, any ritrht to complain. It may be added that it would be a very unfortunate thing if the formation of such Funds were in any way discouraged bv Courts of Law. BRITISH ENTERPRISE IN TURKEY. (TROM OUR C0BUE8P0XDENT. CONSTANTINOPLE, Mokday. The Question of prolonging the concession of the Metropolitan Railway of Constantinople, which had been in abeyance, is now again to the fore. In the treatment of this Company, and of the Beyrout Water Works Company, we have a sinking illustration of the attitude of the Ottoman Government towards Britisli enterprise in Turkey, which is little short m persecution. Tiio concession of the Metropolitan Railway expires eighteen years hence, and some months ago Nedjib Effcndi fuelhame, Counsellor of the Turkish Embassy in Paris, succeeded in obtaining an Irade granting Mm its reversion for a term of sixty years, the Government sharing in the gross receipts to the extent of six per cent. While the new Convention was being prepared the present concessionaries, aided by several influential officials, dissuaded the Sidtan from favouring the scheme, and when it was sent up for sanction the Sovereign Decree was withheld. Nedjib Effendi Melhame", however, and his brother, Selim Pacha, Minister of Agriculture, Mines, and Forests, who has extraordinary influence at the Palace, continued the struggle, out of which they issue triumphant. The Convention is now ready at the Ministry of Public Works. The terms are slightly modi-tied, inasmuch as the term of the concession is fifty years instead of sixty, land the share of the Government in the receipts is twelve, instead of six per cent. This Convention is kept secret. 'J he profits of the Metropolitan Railway are so insignificant that it is self-evident that in accepting such terms as these the Melhamd clique has no other object in view than to extort tlie largest possible sum from the present Company for transferring to it the concession. It is a feature characteristic of the present system that the private informers of the Sultan should be remunerated at the cost of a British undertaking which has been singularly beneficial in its effects, and with which the Government has never had the smallest misunderstanding. THE RISING IN YEMEN. CONSTANTINOPLE, July 3. According to the latest intelligence received here from the Yemen, affairs in that district have become more tranquil, the chief, Hamid-ed-din, who has been taking a leading part in the insurrectionary movement, having received assurances from the Government that his grievances will be taken into consideration. Hamid-ed-din is now waiting the result of the measures promised by the Government, but expresses little confidence in their efficacy. CANADA AND THE UNITED STATES. OTTAWA, July 4. The Princess Louise Dragoons and the 4-'d Rifles, stationed in this city, are to-day in Burlington, Vermont, United States, assisting n the celebration of the Fourth of July. This incident is unique in the history of Canada and the United States. Teletrrams received here state that the Stars and Stripes and the Union Jack are everywhere floating together in the city, and that the utmost enthusiasm prevails. kf-uter. MEDICAL CONGRESS IN POLAND. nn POSEN, Jclt 4. J no Governor of Prussian Poland has in-Mfed tbe President of the proposed Polish Medical Congress that the presence of foreign 'legates cannot be permitted on general political grounds, and that any foreigner who, n; 6leSS' enaeavurs to attend the Congress will be regarded as an intruder and be expelled ii t'ountry by summary police measure. Already over eight hundred medical men have signified their intention of attending the Congress. Reuter. The Prime Minister has issued summonses for a Cabinet Council at the Foreign Office this afternoon. The Qneen has been pleased to approve of the promotion 0f Lieut. Colonel Henry Edward M Galium R.E.,C.M.G.,Governor of Lagos, to be nnig h Commander of the Most Distinguished rfw Saint Michael and Saint George, and m the appointment of Lieut. Colonel Henry J-onting Northcott to be a Companion of the raost Honourable Order of the Bath (Military division i in recognition of services in the Pro-Ki0"? the Colonies of Lagos and toe Gold Coast respectively. A'jTiUJTl'lU,am 1UikGS' Q-C- has been Appointed Judge of Countv Courts (Circuit Ao. 16) in succession to Judce Bedwell, deceased. SIEGE OF SANTIAGO. THE SPANISH FLEET. TOTAL DESTRUCTION. ADMIRAL CERVERA TAKEN PRISONER. THE ATTACK ON THE CITY. DEMAND FOR SURRENDER. IMPENDING BOMBARDMENT. ENTHUSIASM IN AMERICA. A complete change has taken place in the situation at Santiago, owing to the total destruction, on Sunday morning, of the Squadron commanded by Admiral Cervera. At half-past nine the vessels steamed out of tho harbour, and made a dash for the open sea, but were forced by the American Fleet to hug the shore, and destroyed in detail. Several hundred sailors are reported to have been killed, and thirteen hundred prisoners were taken, including Admiral Cervera himself. The American Iosb was one killed and two wounded. President M'Kinley, in reply to Admiral Sampson's despatch, cabled hia congratulations to the Fleet, and the utmost enthusiasm prevailed yesterday in Washington and the other principal cities of the States. Simultaneously with the destruction of the Spanish Squadron. General Shafter, on Sunday morning, forwarded to General Toral, commanding in Santiago, a formal demand for the surrender of the city. The reply was a direct refusal, and the American Commander at once notified that he would bombard the city at noon to-day. The interval was to be observed as a truce, in order to facilitate the departure of foreign residents and of non-combatants. The news of the crushing disaster to tho Spanish Fleet, and the critical position of Santiago, has been received on the Continent with the keenest interest. The opinion generally prevails that the Spanish Government will now be compelled to sue for peace, and urgent recommendations are made to it to that effect. Sehor Sagasta, however, in the course of an interview, has stated that the fall of Santiago would not ali'ect the determination of the Ministry to persist in the war, since tho resources of Spain were by no means exhausted. The first detachment of tho American Military Expedition to the Philippines arrived at Manila on June 30. On the way it seized the Ladronos Islands, taking prisoners the Governor General and Staff and the entire garrison. It was expected that a combined attack on Manila, by land and sea, would be delivered yesterday. DESTRUCTION OF THE SPANISH FLEET. (Through Reutehs Aqexcv.) WASHINGTON, Jm.Y 4. Admiral Sampson has 6ent the following Despatch to the Government : " Siboket, July 3. " The Fleet under my command offers the Nation as a Fourth of July present the destruction of the whole of Admiral Cervera's Fleet. No one escaped. It attempted to escape at half-past nine in the forenoon, and at two in tho afternoon, the last, the Cristobal Colon, had run ashore sixty miles west of Santiago, and has let down her colours. The Infanta Maria Teresa, Oquendo, and Vizcaya, were forced ashore, burned, and blown up within twenty miles of Santiago. The Furor and Piuton were destroyed within four miles of the port. Our loss was one killed and two wounded. The enemy's loss was probably several hundred from gun-fire, explosions, and drowning. We have about thirteen hundred prisoners, including Cervera. The man killed was the chief yeoman of the Brooklyn. " (Signed) Sampson." Another telegram posted by the War Department runs as follows : " Playa Del Este, July 4. " 9.30 a.m. When the news of the disaster to tho Spanish Fleet reached tho front, which was during a truce, a regimental band that had managed to keep its instruments on the line played "The Star-spangled Banner" and "There'll be a Hot Time in the Old Town To-night," the men cheering from one end of the line to tho other. " Both officers and men, who are without shelter tents, have been soaking for five days in the afternoon rains, but all are happy. Signed, SH AFTER." President M'Kinley has cabled to Admiral Sampson as follows : " You have the gratitude and congratulations of the whole American people. Convey to your noble officers and crew, through whose valour new honours have been added to the Americans, the grateful thanks and appreciation of the nation." In the Senate which sat to-day to consider the Hawaiian Annexation Resolutions, the clerk read Admiral Sampson's Despatch, which was greeted by the Senators and the occupiers of the galleries with prolonged applause. Admiral Sampson's despatch announcing the utter destruction of the Spanish Squadron evoked the wildest enthusiasm here. Cheer after cheer was raised in the corridors of the State, War, and Navy Departments when the news became known. The tidings spread to the Fourth of July holiday makers in the streets, and soon the whole city was cheering in a frenzy of excitement. (Reutke's Special Service.) NEW YORK, Jcly 4. A message sent to the Evening Telegram from off Santiago on Sunday, reporting the destruction of the Spanish Fleet, says : " Before the first Spanish vessel was a dozen yards beyond the narrow entrance to the harbour in the effort to dash out, orders were signalled to the ships of the Blockading Squadron to close in round the mouth of the harbour. The American Fleet was moved within a dozen minutes, and in less than a quarter of an hour the ships were close to tho harbour, advancing firmly and steadily, the crews cheering. There was a tremendous fire from Admiral Cervera's vessels, but it did litllo damage. The heat was stifling, but the officers and men kept their places till three o'clock, and the Spaniards were soon utterly destroyed." A later despatch to the same journal says that, though the American Fleet had maintained a ceaseless watch, so little were they expecting the dash when it came, that the flagship New York was cruising to the eastward, and only returned in time to see the finish, and fire a shot or two at the shattered torpedo-boat destroyers, afterwards heading for the beach. Admiral Cervera himself headed the dash. The Iowa, Indiana, Oregon, Massachusetts, Texas, Brooklyn, and Corsair soon scurried into position, but the Americans did not open lire immediately, and the Spaniards were allowed to come outside the harbour and get well out of range of the guns of Morro Castle before the battle-ships began to close in. Admiral Cervera headed west, keeping close in shore, and firing every gun he could bring to bear on the Americans, with the Vizcaya and Oquendo at his heels, the destroyers following. Suddenly the battle-ships opened fire, and for the rest of the way the Spaniards literally sailed through a hurricane of shot and shell. Still the Cristobal Colon kept on, firing constantly, until about ten miles westward of Morro, when she turned shoreward in a sinking condition, and blazing in a score of places, but still firing. While at first a fearful fire was naturally poured on the flagship, the other vessels were not forgotten. In the terrible din and the clouds of smoke, nothing could be noted save the main results, but from time to time the THE , Pinal o .fiv My - , S f J: Gamacho0 Wmra Uro)5 fuan oLsi MSevitla IVigar NadreVieja Josa Ro )oJicaoos y Mazamora LaSocdW y'satioSalalT'ySdono oValverde oMaldorado Jfg -X) JduLgua SCALE of MILES. Sr Carl ftENrscHSt-Jc . 1 1 ' '' 1 i ' j ) moke clearod, affording momentary glimpses of the swift tragedy in progress. Close on the heels of the Colon's destruction, and, indeed, almost simultaneously, came the doom of the Oquendo and Vizcaya. While apparently all the Americans had been pounding away at the Colon, the Vizcaya aud Oquenda had had to face the Texas, Indiana, and Iowa, and under their ponderous fire they went to swift destruction. They had not made half the distance reached by the Colon, before they, too, turned towards tho shore. Their crews fought with desperate bravery. When the battered Oquendo and Vizcaya Swung for the shore both were on firo, tho Vizcaya from fore to amidships. They ware beached not more than a quarter of a mile apart. Meanwhile tho two destroyers had come out, and the Gloucester swung out to block them Sho opened on them with her six-pounders, and they returned the fire, but ran past her. In face of the terrific fire from tho big ships, both destroyers turned back and attacked the Gloucester. A battle royal followed. The Gloucester was struck again and again, and she is the only American vessel reported to have been damaged. Both destroyers were set on fire and had to be beached. As they struck one exploded with a terrific crash, and a groat flame shot up. Those of the crow who were able to do so had flung themselves into tho surf, and were struggling ashore when the crash came. It was just before this that the Now York came up and opened upon them, before the white flag had been shown. By this time two white flags were flaunting over the Oquendo and the Vizcaya, though further down the shore the Cristobal Colon was still occasionally firing. As the flame.s swept the beached cruisers, their crows could be seen huddling away from the flames, being evidently stili afraid to leap into the water. Finally explosion after explosion came from the beached vessels. The Gloucester is Mr. J. P. Morgan's yacht Corsair, which was renamed the Gloucester when the Government secured it. NEW YORK, July 4. The Evening World states that when Admiral Cervera was taken as a prisoner on board an American warship, he said, in explanation of his dash out of Santiago : I would rather take my chance on the open sea, and go down fighting, than die like a rat in a trap." lleuler. (FJiOM OUR SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT.) MADRID, Monday Night. An official telegram, dated Santiago, July 4, eight a.m., says : " On Sunday, at half-past nine in the morning, Admiral Cervera's Squadron sallied from the Harbour, opening fire on the enemy's Squadron, and keeping up the fight for one hour without losing the order of battle and its orderly formation for a single moment, until it disappeared to the westward, followed by the American Squadron, composed of the Iowa, Massachusetts, Indiana, Brooklyn, New York, and several yachts. "The Commander at Castle Morro states that we have to lament the loss of two destroyers in this glorious day for our Navy. (Signed) " General Toral." (FROM OUR SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT.) WASHINGTON, Monday Night. At midnight, yesterday, a complete revulsion of feeling was caused by the news that General Shatters telegrams were inspired only by his personal condition, and that Admiral Sampson, instead of deserving adverse criticism, had emulated the feat of Admiral Dewey. For four days General Shafter had been unable to eat, being prostrated by tho heat, besides suffering from varicose veins. He retained the command, although confined to lm cot with a surgeon beside him. Consequently, his despondency was hardly to be wondered at, though he showed no signs of it to the enemy, to whom he was sending a demand for surrender at the time that ho was asking Washington for reinforcements. MADRID, July 4. Great enthusiasm has been excited here by the publication of the official announcement that Admiral Cervera's Fleet has left Santiago. Everybody is exclaiming, " Ah, the contents of the bottle were too strong to remain corked." It is pointed out that it is oven preferable that Cervera's Squadron should be sunk by the superior forces of Admiral Sampson than that they should have remained in the harbour to be destroyed by General Shafter 's artillery. In official quarters no further details are procurable, and the anxiety of the public is strained to the point of nervousness. Telegraphic communication is being delayed by thunderstorms. Heuter's Special Service. MADRID, July 4. Advices from the semaphore station at Morro, near Santiago, say that the Spanish Squadron, after exchanging shots with the Americans, did not signal that it had suffered any damage. The news from the United States of the destruction of the Squadron is therefore discredited here. It is pointed out also that Admiral Cervera's squadron is faster than Admiral Sampson's. Reuter. SURRENDER OF SANTIAGO DEMANDED. A THREATENED BOMBARDMENT. WASHINGTON, Jclt 3. The following statement was issued at the White House to-night : " General Shafter telegraphs : Playa del Este, July 3. ' Early this morning I sent a demand for the immediate surrender of Santiago, threatening to bombard the city. I believe the place will be surrendered." July 4. Tho War Department has just given out the following Despatch from General Shafter : Headquarters of the Fifth Army Corps, near Santiago, July 3. " To-night my lines have completely surrounded the town, from the bay on the north of the city to a point on the San Juan River on the south. The enemv holds from the We THE STAKDABD, TUESDAY, JULY 5, 1898. FIGHTING AT SANTIAGO. Bond of the San J nan River at its mouth up the railroad to the city. General Pando, I find to-night, is some distance away, and will not get into Santiago. (Signed) Shafter." After conferring with a high official, a prominent Senator to-day said ho understood that the time limit fixed in General Shaftcr's demand for tho surrender of Santiago expired at ten o'clock this morning. Tho Spaniards had asked for 24 hours' delay, and this had boon granted with the understanding that no military operations should be undertaken in the meantime. Later. Genoral Shaftsr has now telegraphed that the Spaniards have declined to surrender Santiago, and that he has given them until noon to-morrow before bombarding the town and proceeding to final and most aggressive operations. Everything, he adds, is very favourable. General Shafter has notified Mr. Alger, Secretary for War, that tho bombardment of Santiago has been postponed until to-morrow, owing to the amount of suffering there. Mr Alger is conferring with President M'Kinley. Mr. Long, Secretary for the Navy, said this afternoon that Admiral Watson would proceed to Spain immediately. lleuter. WASHINGTON. Jew 4. The correspondence cabled to Mr. Alger shows that General Shafter, at half-past eight o'clock on Sunday morning, wroto to tho Spanish Commander in Santiago as follows : i; I shall be obliged, unless you surrender, to shell Santiago. Please inform the citizens of foreign countries, and all women and children, that they should leave tho city before to-morrow morning." The Spanish Commander, General Toral, at two o'clock in the afternoon, replied : " It is my duty to say to you that this city will not surrender, and that I will inform tho foreign Consuls and the inhabitants of tho contents oi your message." General Siiafter's Despatch to Mr. Alger continues : " The British, Portuguoso.Chineso, and Norwegian Consuls have como to my line with Colonel Dorst. They ask if the non-combatants can occupy the town of Caney and the railroad points, and ask until ten in the forenoon of tho 5th before the city is fired on. Thoy claim that there are between fifteen and twenty thousand people, many of them old, who will leave. They ask if I can supply them with food, which I cannot do for want of transportation to Caney, which is fifteen miles from my landing." General Shafter then wrote to General Toral : " In consideration of the request of tho Consular officors in your city for delay in carrying out my intention to liro on the city, and in the interest of the poor women and children, who snfi'or very greatly by their hasty enforced departure from tho city, I have the honour to announce that I will delay such action solely in their interest until noon on the 5th, providing that during tho interval your forces do not make any demonstration whatever upon my own." General Miles, Commander in Chief, has wired to General Shafter, saying, " I expect to be with you in a week with strong reinforcements." To this General Shafter replied, "I feel I am master of the situation, and can hold the enemy any length of time." The General added that he was delighted to hear the Commander in Chief was coming to the front, as he could then see for himself the obstacles which the Array of occupation had had to encounter. General Shafter also sent the following telegram to General Mile3 yesterday : " A Spanish General was killed in the affair at Caney, and a large number of officers and men are still un-buried. General Linares has an arm broken. General Pando has arrived near the break in the railroad with his advance guard. I think he can be stopped." Colonel Wagner, Assistant Adjutant General with General Shafter, has wired to General Miles, under date July 3 : " Pando is six miles to the north with five thousand men. Garcia opposes with threo thousand. Lawton can support Garcia to prevent a junction." Heuter's Special Service. (FKOU OUE SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT.) MADRID, Sunday Night. After the Cabinet Council to-night, Ministers showed much reserve concerning the news from Cuba. In military circles it transpired that the last incident of the battle of July 1 was the desperate resistance of four companies of the Talavera Regiment in the village of El Caney, against the attack by tho Americans and the Cuban Insurgents. The Spaniards were overwhelmed by superior forces. General Vara del Rey and all his Staff were killed, and Colonel Ordonez, who was wounded four weeks ago at the bombardment of Fort Morro, was again badly injured whila defending the positions near Santiago. When General Linares was wounded several of his Staff officers fell close to him. Nothing is known officially of the result of the stand made by General Rubin at Aguadores. It is rumoured that one relief column reached Santiago after the battle of Friday. Press and official telegrams report numerous casualties, including many well-known officers. Monday Night. In military circles it is believed that the reinforcements under Generals Escario and Pareja cannot now do more than furnish means for the garrison of Santiago to fall back upon Holguin or Puerto Principe, if the Generals decide to abandon the beleagured city. In that case they would take the Loyalist Volunteers and their families with them, to save them from the Cuban Insurgents. The fate of Admiral Cervera's Squadron and the forces defending the mouth of the Harbour excites intense interest among all classes, who are proud of the gallant resistance offered for three days against such overwhelming odds. PARIS, Jclt 4. The Ministry for Foreign Affairs has received from Washington official confirmation of the news that the French colonv at Santiago, led bv the Consul, has left the city, and is now in sholter beyond the lines of the Cuban troops under Garcia. Renter. A telegram was received early yesterday morning at the Foreign Office in London, from her Majesty's Consul at Santiago, stating that, on receiving news of the impending bombardment of Santiago, he and some of his colleagues visited tho American lines, and obtained a postponement for twenty-four hours, in order to enable the non-combatants, about 20,000 in number, to escape. The Consul added that the Spanish Fleet sailed out of the harbour on Sunday morning, and that a naval engagement was in progress. The British Admiral has detailed two ships to carry oft' her Majesty's Consul and the British residents in the city. THE FIGHTING ON SATURDAY. (Reutec's Special Seevice.) NEAR EL PASO, BEFORE SANTIAGO, Satchday, 5.0 p.m. Four batteries which were placed in position this morning began the day by bombarding the San Juan quarter of Santiago and the Spanish position in front of our right. After a quarter of an hour's shelling, General Lawton's troop3, which had meanwhile been reinforced, pressed forward on the enemy's left flank, pouring in an exceedingly hot fire, which continued the greater part of the afternoon. Admiral Sampson's heavy guns had been firing at intervals all through tho forenoon, and the shells from the American ships could be distinctly seen exploding with apparently tremendous force, while their loud detonations could also be clearly distinguished as they fell beyond the San Juan batteries, ovor which numerous Red Cross flags wero flying. Tho concentration of the American batteries on what is now dubbed " Grimes's Hill," near our left centre, was tho result of a blunder made last night in posting our guns so noar to tho Spanish Infantry entrenchments that they could not be properly supported. The idea of a cross artillery fire was perforce abandoned, but the position occupied by the batteries on our right; was not relinquished. Tho rifle firing at that point was at one tiino as heavy as anywhere along the whole lino yesterday. Tho Spaniards maintained volley firing for fully an hour, but the deliberate manner in which tho American shots wora spaced showed that the American trooDs wore cool and effective in their work. A little lator Admiral Cervera's Fleet succeeded in getting tho approximate range at an angle from tho American advanco on tho left, and sent heavy shells, which exploded close to the entrenchments. It was realised at a late hour yesterday that we might have hard fighting to-day in order to maintain this advanced position around tho large blockhouse, or so-called fort. Stronger entrenchments wore therefore thrown up there during tho night. Thus far to-day the Spanish infantry had let these works alon. .Near this position two hundred Spanish soldiers and sixty-two officers wre captured this morning. They, together with tho two thousand taken yesterday on the right, wero marched to tho rear this forenoon. The expression of all was extremely sullen. Many evidences are to be soon of the unfair methods of warfare adopted by the Spaniards yesterday. One of their batteries was masked by a blockhouse, over which the Red Cross flag was flying, and the road leading from General Shafter's quarters on the Rio Sevilla to the front for two days has been infested at various points by sharpshooters, who deliberately fired at our wounded. In the captured trenches, again, explosive cartridges were found. There appears to be good ground for the estimate that tho Spaniards have probably lost throo thousand killed and wounded. In some trenches the corpses lay in unbroken lines, occasionally two and three doep. It was not General Shaftcr's intention to attempt a general assault to-day unless the bombardment and General Lawton's oblique fire on the right developed an exceptional opportunity. The morning's orders were to confine our principal operations to a defence of tho positions already taken, and two thousand men wero sent forward to reinforce the whole line early in the forenoon. The formation of the line to-day was thus : General Lawton on the right, General Kent on the right centre, General Wheeler on the left centre, and General Bates cn the left. Garcia's main Insurgent force was thrown out on the right. In the course of the afternoon General Lawton notified General Shafter that he was in possession of several fine positions for planting batteries to dominate the city and the outer fortifications of the port. As the messenger is about to leave for the sea coast with this despatch, heavy fighting is being resumed on tho right, and tho sharp cracking of the Spanish volleys alternates with the steady discharges of our Infantry. It is understood that we have there gained a substantial advantage, commanding the Spanish flank. A German newspaper Correspondent named Ring was arrested last night, by order of General Shafter, on the charge of acting aa a spy- The estimated American I033 in killed and wounded yesterday is still placed at nearly one thousand. Fourteen died in the hospitals last night and this morning. SIBONEY, July 2. The fighting on the right of the American line this afternoon developed almost as severe a fusillade as on Friday. When General Lawton led his men to the assault of El Caney, the Spanish attacked the American position in force, pouring in volley after volley in quick succession with remarkable regularity. The return fire of the American troops was certainly effective, and continued strong after the Spanish volleys became rarer and lighter. Meanwhile, the batteries on the hill occupied by Captain Grimes's artillery kept up a heavy cannonade upon the middle of the Spanish fine, materially aiding the flanking movements. The shelling from the Spanish Fleet was less active, and apparently gave little concern. At the moment of the desnatch of this mes sage, reports have reached hore that General Lawton, aided by fresh regiments sent to him early in the afternoon, turned the Spanish left, and that he has troops already in the city, where fighting is proceeding in the streets. The situation, when I left the front, was such that it would not surprise me if the city were captured on Saturday night, although General Shafter, three hours ago, did not expect it. The General, however, sent word this afternoon to General Garcia that the surrender of the city could not be long delayed. An unofficial but moderate estimate of the American casualties on Friday puts them at nearly a thousand, about 15 per cent, of that number having been killed. The casualties on the American side to-day are much fewer. General Shafter is still more or less ailing, and, therefore, the headquarters have not been moved so far forward as would have been most convenient. The General, however, has continued to direct the movements of the Army, though lying most of the time in his cot or hammock, attended by a surgeon. There havo been many prostrations from the heat among tho 9th Massachusetts and the 33d and 34th Michigan Volunteers, which have just been landed. MADRID, Jess 4. General Escario, before reaching Santiago with his column of reinforcomeuts, engaged tho erivmy noar Palma, losing twenty killed and seventy wounded. Renter. THE SITUATION AT MANILA. ARRIVAL OF AMERICAN TROOPS. (RsuTE&'s Special Sehvice.) MANILA, Juiy 1. The first detachment of the military Expedition to the Philippines, consisting of the transports Australia, City of Pekin, and City of Sydney, convoyed by the cruiser Charleston, arrived here at five o'clock yesterday afternoon, after an eventful voyage of thirty-five days from San Francisco. On the way tho Charleston called at Guam, the principal Island of tho Ladrones, took possession of tho whole group, captured the Governor General, Lieut. Colonel Marina, and his staff, and made prisoners of the entire military force. The American flag was then hoisted over tho ruins of Santa Cruz Fort in the harbour of San Luis Dapra. The troops are in good condition, tho only death which has occurred being that of Private Hutchinson, of Company M of the 1st Oregon Volunteers, who died on board the Sydney on J nne i'O, and was buried at sea on the following day. The disembarkation commenced to-day, the troops going into camp on the Isthmus of Cavite. The Insurgents surround Manila, and are ready to act in conjunction with the Americans. HONG-KONG, Jclt 4. The Zafiro, which has como in here from Manila, reports that the delay in tho arrival of the American troops was occasioned by the capture of Guam and the Ladrones. Both places are now garrisoned by Americans, and the Governor of the Ladrones and fifty soldiers have been brought to Cavite as prisoners. The disembarkation of the troops was proceeding when the despatch boat left on the 1st inat. Manila is to be attacked on the Fourth by tho combined naval and military forces. The Spanish gunboat Leyte was captured by the McCulIoch. Admiral Dewey offered to release tho crew on parole, but they declined, giving as their reason that they feared they would be court-martialled and shot. Captain Concher, late commander of tho Ulloa, now commands the Malato Fort, with three hundred sailors. One thousand mixed troops are encamped half a mile to tho south. The rebels apparently fear to leave their cover. On June 27 the rebels fired on four French officers near Malato by mistake. The rebels state that Ortachio will be shot shortly, as Aquinaldo fears a conspiracy. Reuter Special Service. WASHINGTON, Jclt 4. A despatch has been received from Admiral Dewey, reporting the arrival of the first section of the transports from San Francisco. He states that the troops aro in oxcellent health, and that the situation at Manila is satisfactory. The despatch adds that when tho Spanish gunboat Leyte surrendered to the Americans she had on board fifty-two army and navy officers and ninety-four men. Jleiiter. WASHINGTON, Jctly 4. The Commander of the first Expedition to Manila has cabled to the Government that Cavalry, Artillery, and riding horses are still needed, only a limited number of draught animals being procurable in the Philippines. Admiral Dewey reporta that tho Charleston encountered no resistance in effecting the capture oi Guam. Tho six officers and fifty-four men comprising the garrison wero brought away by the Americans. Reuters Special Serviv. SHANGHAI. Jclt 4. It is reported here, on good authority, that Germany h;n arranged tho concession to her by Spain of a port in the Philippines, the cession antedating tiio present situation. licttter. (FKO& OUR COR RESPONDENT.) BERLIN, Monday Niuht. Tho telegram to a New York Press Agency stating that, after the war, Germany, France, and Russia will summon a Congress with a view to prevent the annexation of the Philippines by the United States is offioially denied here with all emphasis, and the semiofficial Press vehemently denounces it as "a fresh and signal proof of tho attempts to circulate absolutely false views of Germany's policy in tho United Sfcatea, and thr.3 to sov.-discord botween thoso two Powers.'' The Putt even hints that the originator of the falsehood in question may expect to share tho fate of former offenders of the same stamp, and be expelled from Germany. ADMIRAL CAMARA'S FLEET. (FROM OUR SPECIAL COURESPONDEM.) MADRID, Monday Night. The delay in the departure of Admiral Camara's Fleet from Port Said has created some surprise and a good deal of criticism of tho Ministor of Marine. The papers, as usual, are charging tho British Government with inspiring the conduct of the Egyptian authorities- It is supposed that the Fleet will pass the Canal on Tuesday, unless recalled in consequence of tho events in Cuba. PORT SAID, July 4. The Spanish Fleet has returned into the harbour. The Spanish collier San Augustin has arrived. Reuter. THE POSITION IB SPAIN. (FROM OUR SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT.) MADRID. Monday NlfiHT. Neither the Admiralty nor the War i Hfice furnishes tho furohor details awaited with so much anxiety. The Press, therefore, continues to draw ita information from abroad, bnt is daily showing an increasing animus against the Government. To-day its comments are very bitter. The Iwparcial asks for new men, capable of inspiring the nation and the Army with confidence. El Liberal tells the Cabinet that the last and beat service it could render the country would be to make way for men more in touch with public opinion, and seek a solution of a crisis in which the present and future of Spain are staked, and the ileraldo declares that the time for the liquidation of responsibilities is fast approaching. The Carlist and Republican papers are equally violent, and cast the entiro blame upon the Liberal Cabinet, without showing much desire to undertake the unenviable task of succeeding Sehor Sagasta. Tho Minister of War has distributed three and a-haif millions of pesetas between Cadiz, Carthagena, Ferrol, Palma, Mahon, Teneriil'o, Las Paimas, Ceuta, and Melilla for the completion of the fortifications. The Minister of Marine has forwarded to the same ports a considerable amount of war stores and materials necessary for submarino defences. The arms manufactory at Tmbia is working night and day on heavy guns for the coa3t defences. Four Krupps and four mortars were sent this week to Santander, and six to Barcelona, whore some important batteries have recently been erected in several of the bays. Tho ports of Galicia and Asturias will be fortified, including Vigo, Marin, Villafirarcia and Arosa. The works ara con ducted by Artillery and Engineers detached from garrisons in the interior oi Spain. (FROM OUR CORRE.SPO:n)ENT.) VIENNA. Monday Night. It is greatly apprehended here that the catastrophe to the Spanish Fleet at Santiago may have disastrous consequences in Spain, considering the effect which the defeat at Cavite had on the Spanish populace. The olow which Spanish power hasTiow received ia so very much severer than that dealt it in the Philippines that a revolution in Soain is reallv J to be feared. The Spanish soldiers cm this occa sion navo again, it is recognised here, displayed the great, personal bravery which has so often distinguished the Spaniards but the ! Spanish Generals aro blamed forfaiting in good tune to send reinforcements to th assistance ot tho garrison of Santiago. Here it is an ticipated that tiio capitulation ' of that town is only a question of hours, for under the Dresent -circumstances all further bloodshed is perfectly useless. GIBRALTAR, Jclt 3. According to intelligence received here, the Spanish cruisers Lepanto, Cardinal Cisneros, Alfonso XilL, and Vittovia- havo been ordered to cruise in the Straits and of the Spanish coast in tho vicinity oi Cadiz.--Reuter. WBM PliOSPECTS OF PEACE. U.tOAI OI R SPECIAL COUj'; PON DENT.) MADRID, Moroav Ninoir. Tu reply to a question a1? to whether tho fall of Santiago and tho destruction of Admiral Cervera a Squadron would improve the prospects of peace, Scnor Sagasta said, By no means.. Santiago is not tho whole of Cuba, nor is the. Fleet the solo means of defence of tho national territory. One hundred thousand soldiers and Volunteers aro ready to die for their country in Cuba, and it will not be so easy to destroy thorn as the defences of Santiago." (FROM OUR CO-RESPONDENT.) PARIS. Monday Night. After tho gallant stand mado by her troop? at Santiago, Spain must now bo convinced that her honour has been fully vindicated, and that the continuance of tho war is impossible. The Tewps says : " Once more the sea has turned against Spain, a.ud befriended that Anglo-Saxon race which, whether it tights under tho Stars and Stripes or under the Union Jack, seems to monopolise the favours of that element. Tho conaequencos of the description of tho naval power of Spain and t'. o fall of Santiago aro irreparable. Anyone can see at a glance to what a cruel necessity Spain is driven by this great disaster. Not an hour mu ;t bo lost m negotiating for peace."' There aro a number of rumours afloat which I regard at least as premature. Among ti.eni is one to the effect that tho new Minister for Foreign Affairs called on tho British Ambassador to-day to ascertain whether England would join Franco and other Powers to bring the war to an end. I believe that M. Delcasse did call at the British Embassy to-day, and visited also tho ot her Ambassadors : but I have some grounds for supposing that this was the usual formal call which a new Minister for Foreign Affairs invariably pays to the representatives of tiio Great Powers holding Am! a-s;idorial rank. It is no secret that before the lighting near Santhvo and the destruction of tiio Fioot, tho United States Government made it very plain that Spain must make dir. ct overture;? for peace. It is hardly likely that in the Hush of a victory so deariv purchased tho Cabinet of Washington and the American peopb will countenance any attempt at Diplomatic intervention. (f;;oai ocr cortaESPoxnxx.) VIENNA, Monday Night. The news of tho decisive victory gained by the American Fleet at Santiago has- produced a favourable e!l.:ct on to-day's Bourse iiere, a3 in connection with that news there wero rumours concerning an intervention of tiio Powers for tho purpose of hastening the conclusion of peace. Although it is admitted hero that the catastrophe or Santiago has probably brought the moment for tho comn of peace negotiations nearer, yet in informed circles tho fact is not disg t these negotiations will be the mor : Ie because tho Spaniards do not rightly perceive the utter hopelessness of their situation. There is, indeed, no prospect of a speedy termination or tho war as Jong as the Spaniards propose only such conditions of peace as thoa to-day telegraphed from Madrid to $ Vienna paper, which are, first, tho proclamation of thu Cuban Republic, with the obligation to pay tribute bo Spain for a certain number or years : secondly, Spain to maintain a small garrison in a minor port of tho Island, and the Great Powers to he allowed v keen a small number of troops in the Esland for the protection of their subjects ; thirdly, tho Philippines to receive their independence on similar conditions ; fourthly, Puerto iiieo to bo retained by America as a pledge for tho payment of a war indemnity, but given over to Spain again after tbe payment has been completed. Tho Brst object of tho war wis to deliver Cuba from Spain, and it is plain that tho United States will never accept su"h a basis for tho conclusion of peace, and will never rest satis-tied tiil it has been made clear to Spain that she has lost not only Cuba, but also tiie Philippines for ever. THE SPANISH NAVAL DISASTER. The Squadron under Admiral Cervera, which left Capo Verde on April 29, and entered the harbour of Santiago do C uba on May 19, has boon totally destroyed. On Sunday morning the Spanish ships made a bold but unavailing dash to escape into open water. Though taken somewhat by surprise, Admiral Sampson's Fleet speedily intercepted them, and a running fight took place along the coast, if that pan bo called a fight in which all the damage appears to havo been on one side. Tho armoured cruisers Maria Teresa, Oquendo, and Vizcaya, alter getting some miles to tho wost or Santiago, were driven ashore, where they burned and blow up. The Cristobal Colon wont as far as sixty miles, but ultimately hauled down her colours. The torpedo-boat destroyers Furor and Plutou Were also demolished. It was Manila repeated, the Spanish Squadron being practically annihilated, with tho additional triumph that the Admiral was himself made prisoner, as well as iv hundreds of Ins men and officers. On :.- American side the persona! injuries are otticijtrhr reported as one man killed and two wounded, tho Hot being even lighter than it was afc Manila. The une life lost was on board the Brooklyn, a vessel which was previously reported to have been blown up, with Admiral Schley killed. The Cristobal Colon, of 6840 tons, was bought by Spain from the Italian Government less than two years ago. Siie was pronounced an excellent addition to tho Spanish Navy, and a sister shin was ordered by tho Spanish Government to be constructed by tho same builders. On her full-power trial, tho Cristobal Colon developed a speed of nearly i'O knots. Her belt of Harreyed steel was six inches thick, and her larger guns had the same degree of protection. She carried two 10-inch guns, ten 6-inch i;i'.ick-'irers, si:c of 4.7-inch, and twenty of lesser calibre. She had a coal capacity of U00 tons, capable of being increased to 1000 tons, and was steel built, with a crew of -150. The Vizcaya, Oquendo, and Maria Teresa were sister ships, of 7IJO0 tons each, carrying two 11-inch guns, ten quick-firers of 5.5 inches, and fourteen smaller weapons. The recorded speed of these ships was 0 knots, or, in tho case of tho Vizcaya, m much as 21 knots. Their armour was 12 inches thiek on the belt, and 10 inches on tho barbettes. Tho crew for each ship numbered 500. The loss of thtise ships, added to the disaster at Manila, leaves the Spanish Navy in so reduced a state that it may be said to be powerless. Tho most formidable vessel of all remains, the Pelayo, forming one member of Admiral Camara's Squadron, and known as the only battle-ship of the Spanish Navy. Accompanying her are the Charles V., an armoured cruiser of 9200 tons, and three unprr tected cruisers. Among other ships avaiK for Spanish defence aro the Numaneia a? Vittoria, old broadside ironclads of ah' fc? . tons, and tho Alfonso XIII., a protec of 5000 tons. The . it ,yt , armour-clad of 7000 . us, i 1 : . aud i? of tho same cl as -i .; ! . ..,.. Vizcaya, and OquetK the : . . . C an armoured ship of r. W t , w ta hefted it Ferrol in 189:;, anc sh, , teasel, fMajuma. is buildirur :

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