The Standard from London, Greater London, England on March 29, 1883 · 5
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The Standard from London, Greater London, England · 5

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Thursday, March 29, 1883
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cable to an unaccustomed eye, and there "" poaJ reason why the brown belts sbould noi !S n" KlUCh handsomer than the old white and be won: as the ordinary dress oi" peace "!' csas well a at manoeuvres. The Committee y appear to have investigated one subject importance to tile Army, ar perpetuate that extraordinary and sense- i !a that there is something admirable and railed "Milan in iigni cioiiung, wnicti . ua "l 1 r. . rtil OV Jill V iimiiiuuoi .iLieiumillL' uI'K UlllCoa UK "VIC 1 UOUJUIUM .- tit- him .' V e are to give up a iinie- 1 uuJtrtir because common sense must ti'iiiient m military affairs. Do not -;r.:!n at a gnat and swallow a camel. iliag if our common sense if we dress 'j Hi i n -lighting garments, which are r BiHtauie lur the inarch, the encounter, piVOUi. T-e stfcesssi8 triumphs of Electrical Science ne another almost from day to day. nouncement was from our Corre- "'"' " v ... v.--i- i, j 1 .. - iitiit at v 5pcred alone the wire from that city a aisi-iice oi a ui.jusanu. nines, . nctly 1-uiifd at the further end. The .-.n! ill liiis jnaiaiiee js siu LO ue is said to be .... -. - .' ..kl' ... T , a no uisciiiciK j.ne urciiiiary ir ;,..rrc!i,. and tin- Telephone is so delicate 1 . ' , . , Lhat even at very short distances ! is -Jius seriously impaired. In the , trie experimenters adopted a "'"" - o , 1 coated with conner. anA nire oners u'ucmv..v iVQ.ouLi; wv """''..-tenth the resistance ex- : oue-tenih the resistance e.- - . . . rront ilirn n:R)iK thrniwli ' ... . , , ! - : i ; . ;.-.;iic art is thus advancing ''by ; iuds," and modifications, seemingly .. . . hairnet , are producing results '" "jcxr'tcu'i importance. The progress of this .. :. has been singularly rapid, ppars ,,r little more, liave elapsed since : Gjan IS) BFAiLS articulat , t i ak ! mr leiepnone efforts tl ki announced, rrevious k lim had excited curiosity, but failed . a iiractical shape. Considering the brief baa dapse since then, the degree of . :, u.rvdi.y attained is very remarkable. , the ah . lc il may be said that few great inven- us have ever sprung mto life in so complet e a as tills laic accession tu Electric mechanism, i: j-ct ii Kviuld seem that the Old World i ., to apreciato the gift at its full A'm. must iuok across the Atlantic if we ,.; Ht tu-'St rapid developments of this ; n. Even then, however, after in oaf review every place where ".. jn c 'lnniunicatiun is adopted, it is not ::. ittmjpt. that the world at large should be tn .i .tiling itself oi one of the most . tfal and space-annihilating inventions of .. . Thi Efctf.c Telegraph, dating from the f! of the , resent century, grew slowly, ytirs elapsed before it assumed a practical it it cicited, from the iirst, far moro sent than has been manitested with : ; ..n the Telephone. Like Maouetu, people la " sttRj'ed full oi " scientific wonders, and it ..: . say what new discovery would . such enthusiasm as was forth-. .:. former days whenever any strange . v.a proclaimed. And with most .,. i Liwuti.-tis hesitation is justifiable. bli ctric Li,rht is an instance. A report . Eiijstix had invented some evident . i '..snouting the Electric current, so . i uipeic with gas in the illumination of streets, sulhced to set a host of ;ii :.- a! wuik to do the same thing, or tiling better. It then appeared that !ud 1 y no means finished his task, but aid Ityfajg to accomplish that which he was ;.. .-.e already achieved. The Telephone i . ::.vi-d more tractable than the Electric uid has already been treated as a formid- ' :. ti tn the Electric Telegraph, though -ii be little uoubt the latter will hold . bile the TeiejJione will create a field j , . f fi . t l v, i . . i i r i '- independent of tha presence rr,, vi m , , ipcsator. I he Electric 1 eiegraph . i , , T , - forked by any but a trained hand. . , , teaching mil sufiice for the use Tt-I, ; h'jne. In fact, it is almost as --.... a " speaking tube1 The cur-tric y being set in action, the impact - oa a disc at one end of the instru-luces uLraiioiis which are faitiifullv - - a:.-:, therefore, cause precisely, or at .....a'.tJy, the same sounds at the other It is ctillicult to conceive of . . y for such a purpose, and the i!lo matveliuus achievement of - ' - human voice audible at a - - i... my miles. There is perfect : tile wife itself, and yet it transmits -e. The distance which can be - Oda ;:.ere.ued with a m&tto perfect ! the principles involved in is. jrroiii London to Norwich was a ' iiicii from America came intelli- " aitictfiaie sound had travelled five -..:y miles. IVow we hear of the r'-: d a thousand miles, aud we anticipate the time when : iv-.-.hy possible to "waft a Indus U the Pole," for sighs have i- .v.-yed by the Telephonic wire. '' ';- ibua these have travelled on their Sectric current, and the day may - a..ii the uiu ol battle in distant rid v.iii become audible in City m.r very like this was accom---: fm leceiu bombardment of the - .audria, and v.e may be tolerably ' as well as commerce will know : ' MtC tlie achievements of Science. ' 0 ys u: the Telephone, Mr. ' he .'i.uuld in -t be surprised, if 'ate he should be informed : Tho.mjvon had talked with ''''am Bell across the Atlantic " - . ;-t leccived from New Yolk 'nig of that event, lc is to ' : th invention of the Telephone, discoveries, has been hedged : in this respect, it may be . ' ' ; t is now over. Litigation will u- but there remains in England, 1 m. i.i of Government control, ; too much reason to fe;ir, acts ui 11 the wheels of enterprise. : 1 dispute the wisdom winch i ::!. a c of the Telegraphs by " .vmi.eiu included the yet uu-' But it would beem its if, by a the Post i filce might have - T.;h'iaph itself in years ' "i trammittiug messages : '(;V! letters. - - '-.c-su.go have their drawback, M nj exception to the rule. ' lyint the wires which stretch " ' ' murasiug numbers ; and ex-' ' shown that these lines are a ' : the imbue. On the other ' ' '-"e burjed in the street, theie v ' ' the disturbance of the wires ..re sal er than those . a .,..-.e -oumi, and they are . u- UJt'bky client, of a conllagra- -'"t to conceive what amount of tim&kw might be createa should a "iie.- ue orougut down upon t.rr.,.,... -IJUli. .Sil.-h uri ,..o "ouiu seriously em-;':h "f B Brigade. London W other large towns. W thia kmd of danger; and ; n.at tlie over-house system '-' J- Apart from this detail, 1 in,ii...hii..uab:y, m pos.-es-ftljj frill continue to grow m . ' " it seems destined to niter-, 7 ' " oiily w.y, eOiniBrcial life, . '''Ui our ' '.'limit -in5 u i . uomeBiic arrangements. Bfoikes it particularly avail- tae latt 'r.ir... , 1 Uiw , he stimulus which it afford fclfied industries. There i& one industry which, of course, is especially active in connection with this, as with other inventions, and that is the organisation of Public Companies. Within reasonable and honest limits this may be accepted as desirable ; but in addition we have to consider the innumerable hands engaged in constructing the apparatus and forming the lines requisite for the use of the Telephone. Every industrial invention may be said to produce bread for those who are willing to work, and the various applications of electricity are obviously creating a large demand for labour. Speaking of the Telephone alone, we witness an enterprise which is spreading over the whole civilised world. The use of the Telephone is being promoted by the various improvements which are being effected in its mechanism almost daily. One of its defects has consisted in its liability to be disturbed by neigh bouring currents connected with lelegrapuic lines. A method of suppressing these inductive effects, without employing double wires, has been devised by Y.o.' Rv.snelberohe. Another achievement cousists in the simultaneous transmission of a Teletnanhic despatch in Morse signals and a Telephonic message bv one and tne same wire. w e shall be tlianktul to electricians for every improvement they may effect in this department of science. J i"ir"u"1' """S" tt,u ,.nn..t Ui o.iW, u.. , e i, sand, j - xi wouia seem as it everybody was bciuS tacked on to the clldof a wire. Whether tlus JS ilkel3' to become a species of slavery akin to "dragging at each remove a lengthening chain " remains to be seen. The Telephone is a fresh power in civilisation, and comes to our aid' le every other great invention or dis- COVfirv. at flip. iiin. u-hon iiovm;ci7 ilemnnila it The Raphael Centenary, remembered as it is in London and Berlin only less than in the country of the artist's birth where it was celebrated yesterday with popular and even Royal honours shows us something of the : ; , . , um(lue position which the great L rbinate has gradually assumed in tlie world tnat regards Art. His history of early triumph and early death evidences the rapidity with which he gained at home the distinctions now, after the passage of centuries, awarded to him abroad. It has been the fate of many men of genius, and, most of all, of the most gifted, that appreciation should come to them only when they have ceased to be able to enjoy it : but to this rule certain painters of the Italian Renaissance have been notable exceptions ; and no one wa moro notably an exception than Raphael. Raphael in his lifetime, and ever since his work was done, has been recognised as a master, but it is an interesting question how far the epoch in which he lived contributed to the sources of his renown. It was an epoch of change, and the changes were unspeakably favourable to the development of Art. The man of varied gifts, who was able not only to paint and to draw, but also to observe keenly and widely, to penetrate the spirit of his time and to 03 a little ahead of his fellows, was at that period pretty sure to make for himself a place in the estimation of men from which it would be riiliicult for any successor to dislodge him. Raphael, as all the world knows, had all these gifts as we take it, he had also the opportunity. H6 knew, too, how to profit by it. The flexibility of his genius served him as well as its strength. By it he was able to become a painter for the World, having begun by being a painter for the Church ; and thus there was ensured to tlie creations of his hand a widely-spreading fame, which might naturally have been denied, in the full measure of it, to the work of a man of more limited, though, it may be, of holier spirit. Raphael's later labour at Rome, whatever it may be accounted by modern English criticism, and his series of classical and mythological designs, which the burin of Marc Antonio lias to some extent popularised, have con- j tributed, we surmise, even more to the j width and durability of his fame than the lvely labour of bis youth in the hillside ! city, or the maturer tasks that fell to him by t ti -at - tlie Arno. In otner words, Xvafhael is remem ' , , . u- . , ' bered as we remember him to-day, not only a L , , . . c , , . . the last painter of the early religious world, th , . r Ii . , I IJ.1V 1U we..'. L 'Jiu.:, Aval UAwu lO HjUIVUJ- as e last of the pietists in Art, but as the first, or almost tho first, of the neo-classics, of the geniuses of the Renaissance. That this is so that it was possible for it to be so is due in some degree to the epoch upon which his spirit chanced. But whatever Raphael's fame has owed to the good fortune of the period during which his brief life was lived, no one would seek seriously to detract from his own share in his celebritj'. In Raphael to speak of technical matters alone painting made a step forward aud draughtsmanship became complete. We have only to compare the work of his master with his own work, as seen, say, in the cartoons, or, better still, in the few and selected lines of his more famous drawings, or of tho prints which Marc Antonio executed from them. That will prove the draughtsmanship. Again, as regards painting, the progress is most marked between the pictures of his youth by his own hand or by others, aud those of that early middle life which he was never destined to overpass. Still, great as was his progress in painting, and remarkable as is the difference between the earlier labour of Perugia and that, say, that was expended on the " Madonna del Gran' Duca," not to speak of the much later " Madonna di San Sisto," Raphael, as a coluurist, had equals and even superiors ; as a draughtsman he was without a rival. He was never excelled in the purely mental qualities by which he was enabled to understand the spirit of his time aud to widen with it. But, as a colourist, he was destined to be outdone. Colour has never been the special gift of the artists of Central Italy, of Florence, or of Rome. It has been the gift of the Dutchmen at Amsterdam and of the Venetians at Venice. M. Taine has propounded an ingenious theory to account for the facts, and in so much ingenuity it is hard if there may not be a little truth. Ho asserts that the atmosphere of the seaboard that of Holland or Venetia being one in which outline is more or less lost in humidity, the eye is directed to colour, to which, moreover, atmosphere so much contributes ; and that, on the other hand, the drier air of the mountain or of the hilly inland district, causes men to see outline more keenly, and so by preference to draw ratherthanto paint. Bethat as it may, the example of RAPHAEL sufficiently fits in with the theory. At no one of his three periods did he approach as a colourist even the men who would be accounted among only the second order of Venetian painters. Titian and Tintoret, of course, left him immeasurably behind. A writer possessed of only one half of M. Taine's ingenuity might some day propound for us the theory that colour aud the power of awaking emotion in Ait are inseparably associated. Certainly an emotional artist is generally a master of colour, and Raphael waa neither a great colourist nor a master of emotion in painting. The admiration that is bestowed upon him to-day, as in his own day, comes most freely fiom intellectual people, and from great critics of draughtsmanship. He, with all the depth and variety of his achievements, with all his power of absorbing the spirit of his time or of the elder world, and of expressing it in Art, moves rather to profound respect than to personal attachment He has been called a demi-god in Art. The inhabitants of even an artistic Olympus are feared, respected, and bowed down to ; the human nature of the Venetian, faulty though it may be, is that which v.o more readily love. If. L-hoN Say's speech at the Banquet of the Political Economy Society, at Lyons, deserves special attention just now, in view of the state into which the French finances have lapsed, and of the vague schemes of Colonial extension that nr normlar with our neighbours across the ChauneL Political Ecoftomy,.in spite of its threatened or actual banishment by Mr. Gladstone to remote planets, is still a living and active force, and although its laws may be lightly talked of when Ireland is the corpus rile to be experimented upon, we have not jTet reached the stage of attempting to ignore them in commercial affairs. If any Englishman still feels aggrieved at the old taunt of our being "a nation of shopkeepers," he may find consolation in M. Leon Say's plain-spoken address, the chief burden of which was that France must seek to restore her commercial prosperity by the use of every legitimate means for pushing her Foreign trade, and opening fresh outlets for the products of French industry. It is not, indeed, quite clear whether M. Say took sufficient care to warn his audience against the error of confounding mere aggression, and the removal of the landmarks of defenceless neighbours, with the legitimate extension of which we speak. Too many Frenchmen, we are afraid, will pass over the sound lesson of rigid obedience to economic law, and will dwell exclusively on that portion of the speech which might be taken to encourage impolitic and unjust action in Tunis, Tonquin, Madagascar, or the Congo district, than which, we are convinced, nothing was further from the intentions of the speaker. "Restricted consumption," he pointed out, was the true cause of the grave industrial distress now so prevalent in France, and the duty of the State was to assist in every way in the opening of fresh outlets, and then to leave things to find their own level. The policy of the Government, therefore, was rather one of abstention than of action ; interference at every turn in affairs that belong properly to the sphere of individual enterprise being, above all, to be avoided. " The State," added M. Leon Say, " has enough to do to balance its own Budget, and should leave the mercantile and industrial community to manage theirs." These words will appeal forcibly to M. Tirard, whose efforts to satisfy at once the advocates of retrenchment and the demands of those who would th.-ow on the State the burden of a host of fantastic schemes of industrial protection, are not likely to prove successful. The idea that there is no wrong, industrial or social, which the State ought not to right, is deeply engrained in the French mind, and has tended more than any other single cause to bring about the present unfortunate state of affairs. The vast sums of money squandered during the last twelve years on public works, and in bolstering up particular branches of trade, have seriously involved the national finances, while producing no good results to compensate for this loss ; and it will be well for France if she will resolutely take to heart and carry into practice the lesson taught by M. Leon Say. By the sudden death of her personal attendant, Mr. John Brown, the Queen has been deprived of a faithful servant of no ordinary merit and value one, too, who was associated with many happy memories of her past life. Fifteen years, ago Her Majesty gave the plain and simple history of the mam " He commenced as gillie in 1849, and was selected by Albert and me to go with my carriage. In 1851 he entered our service permanently, and began in that year leading my pony, and advanced step by step by his good conduct aud intelligence." It was natural that after the death of the Prince Consort the servant whom he had thus selected and appreciated should receive the advancement which was his due, aud in this way John Brown became an upper servant and permanent personal attendant on the Sovereign. At that time, although her subjects knew but little of it, the state of the Queen's health was such as to require the constant attendance of a thoroughly well-known and trustworthy person. Of John Brown she says: "He has all the independence and elevated feelings peculiar to the Highland race, and is singularly straightforward, simple-minded, kind-hearted, and disinterested ; always ready to oblige, and of a discretion rarely to be met with." Be his master King, noble, or commoner, the servant of whom such a character can be written deserves something more than the mere passing tribute of respect paid to those who simply do their duty. The social relation of a faithful and trusted servant to a master or mistress is, wherever found and it is not so often found now as it used to be when service was a matter of status rather than contract a very peculiar one, easily to bo understood and valued by those who have known it, but hard to be defined and described for those who have had no experience of it. Some of us are still fortunate enough to possess the ideal servant, too honest to be servile, too old a friend to be offensive, and with too accurate a sense of his position to be indiscreetly familiar : we need not even now go to the pages of novels to discover such men and women. Records of them may be found as far back as Abraham, and as recently as this week's obituary. And when those who have been gladdened by the service or, let us say at once, by the friendly and supporting society of such helpers are suddenly bereft of them, the loss is no light one, for, in the nature of thiugs, it cannot be repaired. Relations come by nature, close friendships may spring up in a year or two, but the confidential servant must, like the wine of which he is often the custodian, be matured by age. Life is not long enough for one master to enjoy a succession of them. For this reason we must ail of us sympathise with the Queen in the real loss she has sustained. Her household, in respect of the relations between servant and mistress, is very little different from those of other folk. But if the poet Gray's words be true, that " a favourite has no friend," it is, of course, doubly true that a Royal favourite must make enemies. There have been those who could not understand how a Highland gillie could rise to a high place in the esteem of a Royal mistress by such simple expedients as honesty and kindness of heart. Still, the fact remains that John Brown was a faithful servant who, placed in a difficult position, was never accused of abusing it, lived always faithful to the trust his master had bequeathed to him. possessed to the last the confidence of his Royal Mistress, and, at his death, was really mourned by his fellow-servants in the Royal Household. In an age of false pretences, that is no common tribute. The Queen has approved of Lieut. General Lord A. Kussull, C.B., beiii appointed to conitnaud tuc troops in Canada Irom tbe 'Aiih May next, vice General Sir I MacDougai, K.C.M.G., whose period of service in that capacity will end on tlie above date. Under instructions from the Horse Cuards, a Permanent Committee has been appointed lo consider and report upon such questions as uuy be laid before it iu connection with the dress, equipment, kc, of tbe army. It will be composed as follows : President, Colonel Hainson, C.B., Assiat.mt (juartei master General ; members, Colonel Vincent, 3d Hussars ; Lieut. Colonel Luck, 15th Hussars ; Lieut. Colonel Hale, Ut Scottish Hides ; Colonel Stevenson, C.L, 1st Koyal Irish Fusiliers; Lieut. Colonel Mageiiis, Royal Artillery ; Lieut, Colonel Jones, Royal Engineers ; Assistant Commissary General Reeves, C.B., Commissariat and Transport Corps ; and Deputy Assistant OommUs.iry General Jean, Ordnance Stoic Department. Mr. Butt, Q.C., SEP., has accepted, and the Queen has cuiitirmcd the appointment, to the vacaut Judgeship in the Admiralty Division of the High Court of Justice caused by the resignation of Sir Robert Phillimore. Mr. Charles Parker liutt. who is (he son of the Rev. P. J. Butt, of Bournemouth, was born in 1830, and was privately educated. Ho was called to the Bar at Lincolu's-ina in 1&54. and was made a Queen's Counsel in 1863. He was a member of the Northern Circuit, has been leader in the Admiralty Court for several years past, and has been engaged iu most of the leading mercantile cases heard at tho Guildhall. His appointment causes a vacancy in tho representation of Southampton, for which Mr. Alfred Giles will stand iu the Conservative interest. Our Dublin Correspondent telegraphs that it is understood in Dublin that, following the report of the recent Royal Irish Constabulary Commission, tbe force is to be remodelled into four districts, the existing county officers to be abolished, Mr. Jenkinsou to be the chief of the entire force, and Mr. Courtney Boyle-to be Mr. Jenkinsou 's successor. Mr. Trevelyan arrived in town last evening from StratforJ-oD Avon, whence he was unexpectedly summoned. Mrs. Trevelyan and family remain at Stratford-oa-Avou, THE STANDARD, THURSDAY, MARCH 29, 1883. THE COMMEMORATION OF EAFFAELLO. (FROM OUfi CORRESPONDENT. ROME, Wednesday Night. The presence of Royalty imparted greater interest to the ceremonial of the Raffaello Commemoration at the Capitol this afternoon than was attached to the procession this morning. The Hall was crowded to the utmost. A great number of ladies were present, I saw among the company Sir Augustus and Lady Paget, the German Ambassador, the Bavarian Minister, the Ministers of Foreign Affairs and Public Instruction, and many members of the Senate. A speech by Commendatore Leoni opened the proceedings. The speaker dwelt on the singularity of the phenomenon that genius of the highest order is very generally produced at times when nations are disturbed, unprosperous, and divided. A symphony, by Maestro Pinelli, was then performed by the pupils of the Academy of Saint Cecilia. Their Majesties, then rising, were conducted by the Syndic to the celebrated picture of Apollo flaying Marsyas, belonging to Mr. Morris Moore, who was presented to the Royal party, at their request. The Queen asked him many questions as to the history of the picture. He begged their Majesties to write their names in his album, which they condescendingly did, and the names appear after those of the Emperor and Empress of Austria. (Thhough Recter's Agenct.) ROME, March 28. The fourth centenary of the birth of Raphael is being celebrated here to-day A procession of delegates from the municipalities of Rome and Erbino, and from many Italian and foreign artistic associations, including the French Academy, left the Capitol at ten o'clock this morning for the Pantheou, where the remains of the jjreat painter are interred. After a wreath had been deposited upon the tomb of the late Kin; Victor Emmanuel, the Mayor of Rome unveiled a bronze bust crowned with laurel, which has been placed over the tomb of Raphael. Several splendid wreaths were-also laid upon the tomb. The Ministers of Public Instruction and Public Works were present. This afternoon, in the presence of the King and Queen, a further celebration of the fourth centenary of Raphael's birth was held in the Hall of the Horatii and Curiatii in the Capitol Signor Leoni delivered a speech. Several splendid wreaths were laid upon the tomb in the Pantheon, conspicuous among which was one from the Royal Academy in London. A large crowd visited the Farnesina Gallery to-day. Fetes on a large scale have also been held at Urbino. URBINO, March 28. At the celebration of the Raffaello Centenary here to-day addresses were delivered by Signori Minghetti and Massarani, and by Count Wimpffen. The Municipality gave a grand banquet in the evening. EARTHQUAKE IN HUNGARY. (FROM OUR CORRESPONDENT.) PESTH, Wednesday Night. At ten o'clock last night an earthquake occurred in and around the town of Miskolcz. There were two separate shocks, and so distinctly were they felt that in the Theatre, where the performance was going on, a panic ensued, the entire audience rising and rushing in terror towards the outlets. Many persons were injured, but, happily, no lives were lost. We have reason to believe, in reference to the case of the Cuban Refugees, that active efforts have been made to obtain a favourable decision from the Spanish Government before Sir R. Cross repeats his question in the House of Commons this eveniug. The Madrid Government are not disposed to go beyond oblinns: Maceo to give his parole not to escape or to return to Cuba if he is granted liberty to reside under surveillance in some town in Spain. The Spanish Ministers know that if they set Maceo at liberty every section of the Opposition will unite in condemning their action. They are also aware that the Cuban Liberal members are only awaiting the final decision of the Cabinet before demanding an amnesty, and permission to return home, for all the Cuban exiles at present in the European or African possessions of Spain. We believe that these considerations have induced the Madrid authorities to ask her Majesty's Government to be content with the liberation of Maceo and his companions from the fortresses of Pamplona and Chaflarinas, and to remain in Spain like ordinary exiles, under police supervision. It may be worth while to bear in mind that in 1814 the British Government demanded and obtained from Spain the release of two fugitives who had been improperly surrendered by the authorities at Gibraltar on neutral ground. Mr. Arnold's Resolution regarding the County Franchise aud the Re-distribution of Seats is the first Amendment on the Motion to go into Supply to-morrow, but we believe that among the Opposition there is a strong feeling that one day is quite insufficient for the discussion of a subject of this importance. The adjournment of the debate will probably, therefore, be moved, and in the event of this Motion being ultimately carried some difficulty may arise? Tho Resolution is an Amendment on Supply, and if Supply should be put down as the first order on Monday, it is thought that, under the new Rules, the Speaker would at once leave the chair. If Supply were not made the first order, it Is not probable that it would be reached in time to allow the debate on Mr. Arnold's Amendment to be concluded. We hear that the first Bills which the Government intend to proceed with are the Criminal Procedure Bill and the Patents Bill, which now stand for second reading. We are requested to state that his Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury has kindly consented to become a patron of the Homes for Gentlewomen (situated at St. Anue's-park-terrace, Wandsworth, and at West Drayton), of which the late lamented Archbishop was also a patron. An influential meeting in support of the movement for completing the extension of Ediuburgh Uui-versity, now approaching its tercentenary, was held yesterday; when a Resolution recommending that lOO.GOOi. should be raised was supported by the Earl of Wemyss, Lord Moncreirf, the Lord Advocate, Dr. Lyon Playfair, M.P., Mr. Arthur Balfour, M.P., Mr. Buchanan, and other gentlemen. Lord Rosebery has contributed 2000i.;the Earls of Werayss, Hopetoun, and Moray. 1000. each ; the Earl of Stair, 600. ; Mr. Buchanan, M.P., 500i. ; aud the Edinburgh Town Couucil 1000 guineas. The death is announced of Mr. Matthew Fortescue, of Oak Park House, Daw lish, who has been County Court Judge iu Devonshire since 1857, as having tun place at Dawlisu. on Tuesday evening, after a prolonged illuess, at the age of 78. Called to the Bar by the Hon. Society of th Middle Temple in Trinity Term, 1839, he chose the Home Circuit. In October, 1857, ho was appoiuted Judge of County Court Circuit Mo. 58, holding courts at Churston, Ferress, Crediton, East Stonehouse, Exeter, Kingsbndge, Newtou Abbot, Okehiiinpton, Tavistock, Torquay, and Totnes. Lord John Manners, M.P., Sir Wm. Hart-Dyke, M.P., Mr. H. S. Northcote, MP., the Hon. Alau de lattou Egetton, M.P., Mr. Edward Clarke, Q.C., M.P., Mr. Ritchie, M.P., Sir Robert Garden, M.P., aud the Conservative members for the City of London, with other leading members of the Paity, have expressed their intention to be present at the dinner of the City of London Conservative Club on the 4th of April, at the City Carlton Club. Lord and Lady Mount-Temple have been entertaiuing company at Broadlands during the Easter holidays. The Earl of Shaftesbury and Lady Edith Ashley, Viscount Lymington, M.P., Sir Wm. V. Har-court, M.P., and Lady Harcourt. Hon. Evelyn Ashley, M.P., Hon. Lionel Ashley, Hon. Cecil Ashley, Mr. and Lady Catharine Gaskell, Mrs. Locke, Miss de Burgh, and Miss Ashley have been among the guests. Tho remains of Mr. Albeit Victor Arthur Weliesley, sou of the late Dean of Windsor aud the Hon. Mrs. Wellfsley, were yesterday interred in Clewer Churchyard, near Windsor. Princess Christian was present at the funeral. The coffin bore the inscrip-tion : " Albert Victor Wellesley, died Good Friday, 23d March, 1883, aged 17 years." The Earl and Countess of Malmesbury arrived home from a tour of several mouths in Italy at the end of last week. The noble Earl has since gone to Heron Couit, and the Countess has left to visit her relatives in Somersetshire. The Duke and Duchess of Edinburgh and suite honoured Toole's Theatre with their presence last night. , The Earl of STorthbrook and Lady Emma Baring are expected to return to the Admiralty from Sltatloii Park, near Winchester, on Tuesday next. Lord Aberdaie has notified his intention of subscribing 500. towards tlie fund for the establishment ot a University College for South Wales. Ihe House of Commons resumes its sittings to-day after the Easter holidays. Mr. Gladstone yesterday visited Loseley Park near Guildford, and lunched with Sir Joan Rose. ' Major General Burnaby, MP., was much better yesterday. Mr. Mundella continues to make satisfactory progress towards xecovery. THE CUBAN REFUGEES, (FROM OUR CORRESPONDENTS MADRID, Wednesday Night. Several Madrid papers state that the Council of Ministers last night again discussed the Maceo affair and the latest communications of the British Government, and that the Council, at the request of the Minister for Foreign Affairs, decided to avoid if possible any debate or interpellation in the Cortes on the subject so long as the negotiations continue with England. In Parliamentary circles I hear on good authority that the tenor of the final reply of Spain will be that although she cannot admit the validity of the arguments of the British Notes against the eonduct of her Consul, and against the perfect legality of the capture of political fugitives on her soil, the neutral ground on which the fugitives were expelled being considered Spanish territory, still, out of courtesy to the British appeal, Spain will liberate Rodriguez and Castilo. con sidering them inoffensive agitators ; but she will. aeenne to give up or liberate Maceo until his liberty can be considered of no danger for the tranquillity of Cuba. In the meanwhile it is likely that Maceo will be allowed to reside under police surveillance, with his family, in Pamplona or some other fortified town. (Thbough Recteb's Agknct.) . MADRID, March 28. ihe journal El Gtebo to-day states that the Cuban insurgent leaders, Castillo and Rodriguez, will be released ; and that with regard to Maoeo, the Government has decided to set him at liberty, under certain conditions, when it considers that this step can be taken with safety. It is reported that a strong detachment of troops will shortly be despatched to take possession of Santa Cruz del Mar Pequena. EGYPTIAN BEFORM. (By Easterx Company's Cable.) (FROM OUR COKRESPONDKNT.) CAIRO, Wednesday Night. Rogers Bey, the late Head of the Department for the Sale of Crown Lands, an office now abolished, has been appointed Inspector of Prisons with power of general inquiry into justiciary abuses. The inspection of the prisons is part of the duty of the Gendarmerie officers, but this new appointment is most satisfactory, tbere having been urgent need of an experienced inspector with a knowledge of the language and of the people of the country. The first case to be investigated by Rogers Bey will probably be the alleged abuse of power by a newly-appointed Mudir at Behera. The Mudir had twice been dismissed from the province on account of the complaints of an influential family, some members of which have since been implicated in the rebellion. On his reappointment he declared that he was commissioned by the Khedive to crush this family, and he proceeded actively to carry out the alleged instructions, in defiance of all law. This morning the Ministry of the Interior was thronged with more than a hundred Sheiks whom he had beaten and threatened. A case so flagrant can scarcely escape notice, although probably the only result will be dismissal and speedy appointment to a new post. It is rumoured that Omar Pacha Louteni, the Minister for War, intends to resign. He ha3 again left Cairo to visit his property. A ROYAL WEDDING IN SPAIN. (FROM OUR CORRESPONDENT.) MADRID, Wednesday Night. Senor Sagasta has officially communicated to both Houses an intimation that on Monday, April 2d, the marriage of Dona Paz, the second sister of King Alfonso, with Prince Louis of Bavaria, wfll be celebrated in the Chapel of the Palace, with the usual religious and court ceremonial. I hear that besides a banquet of one hundred and twenty covers, a State ball, and a gala night at the opera, bull fights will take place on the three days following the weddin. The Princess has received the congratulations of the principal Courts, and a large number of splendid presents. (Thkocgh Recteb's Agency.) MADRID, March 28. The President of the Council this afternoon read to the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies an official communication, informing them that the marriage of the Infanta Marie della Paz with Prince Louis Ferdinand of Bavaria was fixed to take place on the 2nd of April. TURKEY. (FROM OUR CORRESPONDENT.) CONSTANTINOPLE, Wednesday Night. Said Pacha has twice within the last few days placed his resignation in the hands of the Sultan. His ostensible reason for wishing to retire from affairs of state is the condition of his health, which has been considerably affected by the loss of his brother. The Sultan, however, declined to accept the resignation of his Prime Minister. There is again considerable effervescence among the Catholic Albanians, who are endeavouring, so far without success, to induce the Mussulman element to join with them in their attacks upou their Montenegrin neighbours. Alarmed at the state of things in that quarter, the Porte has decided to send Dervish Pacha to the spot. This General, who has considerable experience of this unruly people, will, it is hoped, once again restore order there. BULGARIA. (FROM OUR CORRESPONDENT.) VIENNA, Wednesday Night. The new Bulgarian Cabinet, with the Russian Generals Soboleff and Kaulbars as Ministers, and five officials belonging to the Liberal Party, acting rather as temporary holders of portfolios than as Ministers, is regarded in Bulgaria with general dissatisfaction, both Conservatives and Liberals being opposed to it. The two parties appear for the time to have forgotten their differences, and to be uniting to break the power of the Russian Generals and officials, and if possible to drive all Muscovites out of the country. Prince Alexander does not seem anxious to discourage this coalition, but he still backs the Russians, aud will probably do so until the national dissatisfaction shall have increased sufficiently to render it impossible to support the Russians any longer. Affairs are tending towards a crisis which will have an importance for others ua well as the Bularians. PRUSSIA AND THE VATICAN. (FROM OUR CORRESPONDENT.) BERLIN, Wednesday Night. The answer of the Prussian Government to the memorandum of Cardinal Jacobini, besides mentioning the willingness of Prussia to continue the negotiations, grants to the Vatican certain concession on both the points in dispute, that is, the education ox the priests and the State supervision of the clergy, provided the Vatican makes concessions regarding the Aiizeigepjlicht. Even the Ultramontane (Jennania, which has hitherto tried to maintain the fiction of the irreconcil-ableness of the Prussian Government, is now forced to relinquish that position. The Mori Deutsche declares as a simple invention tho statement of the Germania that Prussia ever asked Italy for the extradition of Cardiual Ledo-chowski. THE BALKAN STATES. (FROM O UR CORRESPONDENT.) VIENNA, Wednesday Night. From Ismaiha, in Bessarabia, it is reported that Russia, instead of undertaking the works in the Otschakoff mouth of the Lilia arm, is inclined to return to tho old project uf the English engineer, Mr. Hartley that is, to construct a canal twenty kilometres east of the Kilia to Shibrieni, a place on the Black Sea, which affords all harbour facilities for the largest steamers. This caual would cost less, and not be subject to the supervision of the Danube Commission. MOUNT ETNA. (FROM OUR CORRESPONDENT.) ROME, Wednesday Night. Local experts at Catania feel far from certain that the present cessation of eruption of Mount Etna is a favourable sign for th? immediate future, THE MONASTERIO TRIAL. (FROM OUR CORRESPONDENT.) PARIS, Wednesday Night. A document published this morning has deprived this case of some of its sensational elements. From this it appears that the generally discredited statement o Madame do Monasterio, that her daughter was in England, is really true. This document is Ult! 'translation of a declaration dated the 24th of March, made by a Magistrate of the county of Kent, that affidavits had been made before him by Mr. William Hughes, guardian of the poor of the parish of Stone ; John Hewitt, of Stone Court, director of the Stone Brickworks ; M. Penon, gentleman, of Stone ; and Fidelia de Monasterio, now residing at Russell House, the residenceof thesaid Mr. William Hughes. Thesum and substance of these affidavits is that Mdlle. de Monasterio arrived at Russell House on the 12th of February last in order to avoid being forced to go to Buenos Avres ; that since she has been at Russell House she is absolutely mistress of her actions; that she enjoys full liberty, is- quite happy, and wishes to remain where she is. It is to be assumed from the statements of Madame de Monasterio that she and her illegitimate son, Carlos Lafit, one of the accused, took Fidelia to England, and that Carlos is still there with her. How all this is to be reconciled with Fidelia's flight for refuge from her persecuting relations to the house of Madame Chalenton, with her forcible removal thence to a lunatic asylum, and, finally, with her secret removal after but a week's stay at the asylum, is a mystery which it is to be hoped the trial commenced to-day will clear up. The Court opened at noon to-day. The accused Barbieux who was yesterday declared a defaulter, to-day put in an appearance. Of the six accused one only is now absent namely Carlo Lafit, the half-brother of Fidelia. The remainder were all interrogated to-day. Madame de Monasterio, despite the President urging that fifty empty brandy bottles had been found by the police in her bed-room, denied that she was intemperate, or that her habits were such as to render her house an unfit home for her daughter. She admitted that she had wished to get her away from Madame Chalenton's to a lunatic asylum, but this was to withdraw her from bad company. She was insane, or she would not have gone there. She had taken her daughter from the asylum to an honourable family in England. She had not done that because she was frightened of the police, but to prevent her being shipped for Buenos Ayres. Her daughter would never set foot in France again. The interrogations of Barbieux, journalist, and Roumigniere, electrician, who helped to carry off Fidelia from Madame Chalenton's to the asylum, offered little of interest. Their replies disclosed discreditable antecedents, and left no doubt that their part in the business had been simply that of hirelings. Both, however, protested that they had acted merely from the desire to aid a wronged mother, and to withdraw her daughter from the keeping of an immoral woman. The interrogation of Dr. Pinel is so instructive as to the ways of mad doctors that I give a short passage verbatim. He said : "I presented myself at the house of the woman Chalenton in company with M. Riviere. We entered without difficulty. Madame Chalenton admitted that Mdlle. Fidelia was tbere, but begged us to call another day. I then insisted on seeing her, and Madame Chalenton went in search of two neighbours, and asked them to go for the police. The President : Under what conditions did you examine Mdlle. Fidelia ? Dr. Pinel : I conversed with her for a few minutes. She said, with a scared look and in an angry tone, "Go back to those that sent you here." The President : Is that all she said ? Dr. Pinel: Yes. President : And that was enojgh for you to establish your diagnosis? Dr. Pinel : Yes. I had previous certificates of six years ago. No one ever gets cured of insanity (indignant protest from the audience). President : What were your fees? Dr. Pinel : None as yet. I do a great deal for the poor. President: But you were promised payment later on? Dr. Pinel : That is possible. President : With the money coming from Chili, with tbe money of this unfortunate young woman? Dr. Pinel : I know nothing about that. The other medical man, Dr. Riviere, stated that he had written out the certificate and Dr. Pinel had signed it. He was in the habit of as sisting Dr. Pinel in his scientific studies. M. Mercier, a solicitor, deposed that he had managed various matters for Mdlie. de Monasterio, who had always seemed perfectty sane. She had repeatedly told him that she was persecuted by her mother, aud had insisted upon having the disposal of rents, the payment of which to her had been opposed bvher mother. She had always spoken in the highest terms of her friend, Madame Chalenton. A neighbour of Madame Chalenton's then gave evidence as to the apparent sanity of Mdlle. de Monasterio, and also as to the force used by Carlos Lafit and his assistants in carrying her off. He swore that he distinctly heard Carlos Lafit say to the excited bystanders, " Never you mind. We are taking my sister away, and two hundred thousand francs are involved in it." Madame Chalenton was then called. The theory which, in several of his interrogatories to-day, the President seemed inclined to adopt, is that she and Carlos Lafit had, at first, conspired to get Fidelia into their hands, with her fortune, but that they afterwards quarrelled. Certain it is that Carlos was in possession of a key of Madame Chalenton's house, with which he gained admittance when he carried off his sister. In her evidence to-day Madame Chalenton detailed the miseries endured by Fidelia when at home. She was fed upon stale eggs, putrid meat, and refuse cabbage leaves. Madame Chalenton denied the allegation of an improper intimacy having existed between her and Carlos. She then recounted the circumstance of the doctor's visit and abduction, and concluded by declaring that Mdlle. de Monasterio was not only sane, but an anel and a saint. Dr. Goujon, the proprietor of the asylum to which Fidelia was taken, deposed that on her arrival she was in a state of great mental en-feeblement, not remembering even her age. This witness was severely reprimanded by the President for having permitted Madame de Monasterio to remove her daughter, when he had been requested by the police to keep her until her father's friends in Chili had arranged for her departure. Dr. Legrand du Saulle, who had been appointed by the authorities to visit the asylum and report on Fidelia's condition, deposed that ho had always found her calm, but considered her of weak mind, but not insane. He had no doubt that she detested her mother. A number of less important witnesses were then heard, and at seven o'clock the Court adjourned till to-morrow. THE DISTliESS IN THE SCOTLAND. WEST OF TO THE EDITOR OF THE STANDARD. Sill, From reports which reach me on all bands, I am satisfied that the great distress existing in the Western Isles and Highlands of Scotland is by no means realised by the general public, or the response to the appeal which, by your courtesy, I was permitted to make in behalf of the sufferers last week, would have been infinitely larger than it is at present. Among many other letters, I beg to quote an extract from one relating to Skye alone, the writer being the Rev. D. Mackiunon, Minister of Strath, iu that Island. He says : ' There is hardly a crofter in the Island who has either torn or potatoes ; but many of them could ultimately pay if we had, in the meantime, the money even to lend them. Looking to the averting a famine next year again, I do not think we could do with less thau eight thousand to ten thousand pounds, but for the mere averting present starvation, we could do with about half that sum." Lord Dunmore, who has come down from South Harris especially to see me cu the subject of the destitution in tiie Western Isles, assures me that it is assuming a very serious complexion. The poor people bal their corn blown into tbe sea in the great October gale, and had, consequently , nosced for tlie spring. This w.nter, too, has been so stormy that the people have not been able to pursue the lobster fishery, and the potatoe disease following a bad herring fishing has completed the faminp. Potatoe seed is the first aa l greatest requirement, aud several hundred tons will be needed to meet the exigencies of the case. The seed, moreover, should be forwarded by the middle of April. In these circumstances, and with a lively recollection of the liberality of the public in many similar emergencies, I cannot make too urgent an appeal for adequate and prompt aid to avert a famine among these distressed aud heart-broken people. I, therefore, very earnestly commend the Mansion House Relief Fund to the sympathy of the benevolent and charitable community, ami I shall be very happy to receive and publicly acknowledge all sums which may reach me for the succour of the destitute population to whom I have referred. Messrs. Barclay, Bevan, and Co., bankers. Lombard-street, will also receive donations towards the Fund, in tbe distribution of which I fcuail be assisted by an' influential Committee. I am, Sir, your obedient servant, HENRY E. KNIGHT, Lord Mayor, nansion House, London, March 28, THE BECHUANA TROUBLE. (PROM OUR CORRESPONDENT.! CAPE TOWN, Mabch 6. Indignation and dismay will, no doubt, fill the minds of different sections of British taxpayers when they learn that, in spite of retrocession and abandonment, they have still a direct responsibility in South African native affairs. It might have been hoped that if the National humiliation in the matter of the Transvaal was complete, it would also be final. If the exigencies of the situation were so tremendous as to require that the Transvaal should be given up after Sir Garnet Wolseley and Mr. Gladstone had declared it should not be given up, and if the authority of England had to be withdrawn after the Queen had been advised to tell Parliament that it should be vindicated, it might have been expected that the country would not be asked to make so great a sacrifice in vain, and that when the bitter pill was swallowed there would be an end of the matter. It is now seen, however, beyond the possibility of doubt, that this expectation is doomed to disappointment. A state of things has arisen on the borders of the Cape Colony, the Orange Free State, and the Transvaal, so unforeseen that no provision could have been made to meet it ; so full of danger and difficulty that its continuance cannot be tolerated ; and so ftaught with the most monstrous injustice and iniquity that the English Government, which alone is responsible for its existence, and alone can cope with it, must find some means of abating it. When the Dutch-speaking Republics north of the Orange River came into existence, they did not define with too great strictness their western boundaries. There were no great rivers or mountain chains such as bounded them on the north and east, and if theGriquas and Barolongs and Bechuanas, who were their western neighbours, were feeble folk whose territories might nne day be fit for annexation, it would be found convenient to have an elastic borderline. As a matter of fact, the Burghers of the Republic, scarcely less nomadic than tho natives, began forthwith to trespass on their neighbours' lands ; and so little doubt was there as to the ultimate result that Waterboer, then Chief of the Western Griquas, voluntarily offered to give all his territory east of the Vaal River to Ensrlish settlers, in order, as he said, to put " a wall of flesh " between the Boers and his people. The discovery of diamonds in his country, and its annexation by England, settled the question of his boundary line, and incidentally settled him and his people too. We took them and their diamonds under our Bpecial protection, and the resources of civilisation were lavished upon them. Indeed, what with shot and shell, and prisons and public-houses, there are not many Griquas left. North of the Western Griquas lay the Batlapin branch of the Bechuanas, together with the Barolongs, and some Korannas ; and into their territories th Transvaal Burghers penetrated as freely as did those cf the Free State into the lands of the Griquas. The presence of great numbers of Europeans searching for diamonds raised questions of jurisdiction whichtfnade asettlement of boundaries imperative, and the parties having formally submitted their claimsto arbitration, Mr. Keate, then Lieutenant Governor of Natal, gave his final award on the 17th of October, 1871, in favour of the natives, thus creating a sort of No-mau's-Iand on the western side of the Vaal River, in which tbe Dutch Burghers occupied farms without title, and lived as much or as little under the Government of the Transvaal as they pleased. They had, however, established something of a prescriptive right, for they had founded two villages, called Christiania and Bloemhof, and had built houses, and planted gardens and orchards, and better than all, they knew that neither the Transvaal Government nor the natives could turn them out. It would be useless here to go at length into th genealogies of Kaffir Chiefs. Suffice it to say that rival claimants to the supreme power were easily set up in each of the native territories affected. Indeed, Boer policy lias seldom failed to adopt tho principle of Divide ti impn-a in its dealings with native neighbours. There w3 thus in each tribe one Chief who was always wanting to be taken over as a British subject, and another who was anxious to bestow on his people the blessings of the paternal Government of the Transvaal. A3 usual, we meddled, and I then muddled. We supported our friends to the extent of encouraging them to resist the encroachment of the Boers, and in 1374 Sir Henry Barkly, then Governor of the Cape and Hih Commissioner, sent the President of tho Transvaal something like an ultimatum insisting on his compelling his people to obey the Keate Award. Mr. Burgers knew it was safer for him to quarrel with us than with his own people, and fl.stiy refused to do anything of the sort. The matter was referred to the Colonial Office, and no moro was heard of it. We did not, however, lose sight of our friends, or at least of one of them. In the Batlapin country our Chief wa3 Monkoroane, while his half-brother who bears tho sounding name of Gasibone Botlasitae. was the prottje of the Transvaal ; and once in troublesome time3 we showed our conii-deuce in Maukoroano by ordering him to catch his brother for us, and when he seemed dilatory about the job, which, in truth, was rather too big for him, seeing that half his people were Ga3ibone's adherents, we smartened his movements by fining him a thousand head of cattle for his services. A time came at last when, though the lion had not done much for the mouse, the mouse mitrht help the lion. The Burghers of the Transvaal were in arms against England ; English garrisons were shut up in the towns of Pretoria and Potchefstroom, and the lives and property of English subjects in the western part of the Transvaal were in jeopardy. The Keate Award couutry offered a safe asylum, and our friends the Chiefs were urged and implored to earn the undying gratitude of Great Britain by protecting British subjects in an hour of need. Mankoroaneand Montsoia, Chief of the Barolongs, responded to the call ; next came the series of defeats of the English forces, the death of Colley, and the abandonment of the country ; and then came a Royal Commission, which, in defiance of the Keate Award, gave " a huge cautle " of their land to the new Transvaal Republic ; and finally Gasibone was released from Kimberley gaol, and forthwith he and the other claimants to the Chieftainship of the Batlapins and the Barolongs, who were supported by the Transvaal, set to work to pay off old scores. The military operations that followed were nominally native quarrels, in which certain white meu took part from sheer love of fair play. They were, in reality, well-organised schemes for stealing the tribal lands and establishing in them new Republics, whose white inhabitants shall not be vexed by even such feeble vestiges of law and order as are to be found in tho Tran.ivaal. For many months the whole country of the unhappy Batlai ins and Barolongs has been ravaged by guerilla forces composed of the scum of the Dutch Republics and the dregs of the English Colonists, consisting of deserters and runaways. The Boers are strong enough to disregard both their native and English allies, and two new Republics have been formed called " Stille-land " the quiet land and " Goshen," and already some ten millions of acres have been given out in farms. Now, this is wholly and entirely an Imperial matter. The Imperial Government, when it seized the Transvaal, took over with it all the complications arising from tlie unauthorised occupation of native territories by Transvaal subjects. It made no effort during its tenure of the country to rectify the injustice thus dune to the natives. It placed those natives in a still worse position, by urging them to assume an attitude of hostility to ;he Transvaal, and it then deserted them without making the slightest provision for their safety. As might have been expected, the matter was not so easily disposed of, and the original difficulties of the Keate Award Territory were as nothing in comparison with the insufierable evils of these Republics of brigands and freebooters which will form a vast Alsatia for tne whole of South Africa. Mr. Gladstone's Government so far recognised their responsibility in the matter last year as to suggest that the country should be cleared and r,T w iorce, to be furnished by the Transvaal, the Free State, and the Cane Colony acting for and on account of the HmSe fntXeeUandbUt VhS UePUbUca declined to interfere, and nothing waa done. Stronger Roomson should be empowered to cleanse this Aupeaa atatye without delay. DEATH OF MR. JOHN BROWN. More than ordinary interest attaches to .the announcement of the unexpected death of Mr. John Brown, the personal attendant of her Majesty. The high position he occupied in the Royal Household a position justly earned by faithful service made him widely known throughout the country. The Court Circular refers to the event in the following terms : We have to record the death of Mr. John Brown, the Queens personal attendant, wLicb took piace at Windsor Castle at a quarter-past eleven o'clock on Tuesday evening, the 27th instant, of erysipelas. Thu melancholy event has caused the deepest regret to tbe Queen, tbe Royal Family, and all the members of tua Royal Household. To hn Majesty the loss is irreparable, and the death of this truly faithful ..ndde voted servant has been a grievous shock to tlie gueen. In 124(J Mr. John Brown entered the Queen's service as one of tho Balmoral gillies, and by his careful attention, steadiness, and in-.Mlligence he roso in 1853 to the position of tbe Queen's personal servant in Scotland, which in 1364 was extended to that of coustans personal attendant on her Majesty on all occasions. During the last eighteen years :nd a half he served her Majesty constantly, aud never once absented himself from his duty for a single day. He has accompanied the Queen in her daily walks and drives, and all her journeys and expeditions, aa well as personally waiting on her at banqnots, &c. An honest, faithful, and devoted follower, a trustworthy, discreet, and straightforward man, and possessed of strong sense, ho filled v position of great aud ansious responsibility, the duties of which be performed with such constant and unceasing care as to secure for himseif the real friendship of the Queen. Our Windsor Correspondent write3 : Her Majesty' personal servant, Mr. John Brown, died at Windsor Castle ou Tuesday night, after an extremely shot t and painful illness. His decease was entirely unexpected by the residents of the Royal borough, very few of whom were aware that he ba l been indisposed. For nearly nineteen years Mr. John Brown has been in closa attendance upon her Majesty. During her walks in tbe private grounds of Windsor Castle, Osborne, or Balmoral, her drives in the vicinity of those Koyal Palaces, or her occasional trips to Darmstadt, Coburg, orMentone, he was ever near the Queen, and his duties were discharged unremittingly until within a few hours of his seizure by the fatal malady erysipelas in the face, to which he has succumbed. He caught cold on Sunday the 18th inst., the day following the reported attack on Lady Florence Dixie. He drove over from the Castle to The Fishery in an open dog cart a present; from the Queen to make inquiries, at her Majesty's desire, respecting the health of Lady Florence Dixie, and into all the circumstances connected with the attack. Mr. Brown went all over the ground, and carefully examined the dog Hubert, He spent a considerable time in tiie open air making inquiries, thereby exposing himself to a bitterly cold wind, which gave him a cold Mr. Brown was able to take out'loor exercise on Saturday, but on Sunday he remained in his apartments, anil on Monday was much worse. He was attended by Dr. Reid, and subsequently seen by Sir William Jenner, but the disease continued to inako rapid progress, and death ensued at a quarter past eleven o'clock on Tuesday night, in the pxesenca of two of his brothers, Archibald and Don ild. Mr. Brown, who was nearly fifty-six years of age, had been about thirty-four years in tin; Royal service ; first; as a gillie to the Prince Consort, then in a similar capacity to the Queen at Balmoral, and lastly as personal servant to her Majesty. Born, it is believed, a& Crathi", in Aber leeushire, Mr. Brown possessed all tbe hard characteristics of the true Highlander. Holding so near a pusitton to the Sovereign, the deceased waa specially honoured with the esteem and conliilence of her Majesty. While living to serve bis Queen, ho retained his post not by any Courtly arts, for iiia speech, no matter to whom or of what degree, was as plain and to the purpose as any man who prides himself upon speaking his mind could well desire. The courago and faithfulness displayed by Mr. Brown have not, so far as honours are concerned, gone entirely unrewarded. For h s promptitude in defending the person of the Sovereign when attacked by the man Connor at Buckingham Palace ho was decorated wi:h a gold rnedal by the Queen. He likewise received the silver medal of the Royal Household for meritorious service, and a medal from the Iving of Ureece, as well as distinctions from other personages. He vmt, it will be remembered, seated in the rumble of the Queen's carrm 'o when Mackan fired at her Majesty at tho Windsor Station of thu Great Western Uailwav his' March, nd never quitted his duty till his iloyal in:stuss reached the Castle. This evening the remains were plaeel in a she!!, I under the superintendence of Mr. W. Cleave, of ; Windsor, who has charge of the ftutsrnl if rai g- ir. n.ta. The deceased will probably he bnried ;n Cratbio Kirk- yard, in Aberdeenshire. Our Aberdeen Correspondent telegraphs: Deep regret is felt on Deesnle, particularly in the Balmoral an I Braemnr districts, at the oeath of John Brow:,. Here he was widely known, isnd as wnh-ly . e-o I for those high qualities which sscfcft-d hinj 'he gracious favour of his Sovereign. Brown w.. born iu i the parish of Craithie, Abcrdet nsiiue, in 1 iiis j father was a farmer at Bush, on tne estate of Colonel : Farquharson, of Invercauld. lie was one of i a numerous family, and during his boyhood j he was employed in assisting hi3 father oa tho ; farm. About the year 1U3, Brown entered j the service of the Royal family toattem! t .e h.'.l Moi.ies. It was .vhile so employed that he attracted the attention of the late Prince Consort, by Ins surewdnesa and j sagacity as well as by his faith fulness as a servitor. The 1 Pi Mice's confidence iu him ultimately led to his being j placed in the position he h is long occupied as thn I Queen's personal attendant, A few years ago, iu token of her appreciation of his long and valuable servic s. ner majesty conterreil on him the title ot es juiiv. Her estimate of his worth finds a ready acknowk-ugmtr.S on Deeside, and esoecially about Balmoral. Brown was loved amongst his own people, and they regarded his good fortune as an honour rejected upon them. He moved as much amongst them when ha came to the Highlands as his assiduous attention ut hU Royal mistress would admit, and was devotedly attached to his eariy home ami associates. H s father died only a few years ago, at the nge of eighty-two. He had three brothers in the employment of the Queen, one of whom uied some time ago ; the two others are still in the service of her Majesty, and were by Mr. Brown bedside when he died. Dr. Profeit, her Majesty's Commissioner at Balmoral, left the Castle' early tins morning ou receiving intelligence of Mr. Brown's death, arrived 111 Aberdeen at 12.15, and left by the mail train for Windsor. It is expected that the. remains of the deceased will be brought to Balmoral, and interred in the churchyard of Crathie, where his father aud mother are buried. (fkom a correspondent.) The public will miss a familiar figure from the Royal carriage when the Queen pays her next visit to London. Immediately behind her Majesty, in the seat specially allotted to him, the presence of John Brown was never missed as the Sove reign drove through tho Park on her way between Paddingtou Station and Buckingham Palace. Arrayed iu Scotch costume ha sat with arms folded, impassive and apparently unobservant. In reality he was one of the most keeuiy vigilant of men. Nothing escaped the quick, piercm-eyes which, beneath the shelter of their shaggy brows" glanced now in this direction and now in that. When' rather more than a year ago, one of tho Oueeua horses became restless, as the Koyal equipage was proceeding westward from Piccadilly, it was John Brown who first perceived tbe possible danger, and who, by hia prompt action, averted any mischievous couse-quence. In the same way, when a crazy bystander fired a pistol at the Queen'a carriage as it was leaving Windsor Station, John Brown had a tight grasp on the criminal maniac before he was secured by the police. Thu devoted body-servant of tbe Sovereign died late on TueS. day night, if not in the actual performance of his duty yet in consequence of it. The Queen had despatched hun to investigate the scene of the attack upou Lady Florence Dixie. He conttact-d a severe cold, which was followed by erysipelas and fever, and in less than ten days, at the age of fifty-seven, he died. His loss will be much felt by the Queen, who in the treatineut of lier servants has always been a pattern to the mistresses of tne United Kingdom. There is no family in England, probably, which can boast so few changes in the permmntl of its household, or such a number of atteudauti bound to it by hereditary ties of service, as the family of which Queen Victoria is the head. It h not; many years ago tnat one of the principal Royal coach men was a man named Wagland. He had been with the Sovereign since 1857, having entered the Royal service in 1831 and r.dden as postilion for seventeen years. His father was for thirty-two Years norr ;1 tne tfoyai service m 1788, and his daughter waa for some time nursery maid to the Prince of Wales'" children. Snmp mnnnti.... . . Iu t t m V """"' tnereiore, had served in the Royal famdy. John Brown could not, it istrul how such antecedents; these. He had been with the Queen or more than a quarter of a century, and to 1 jrt, y r,ser,e3 Uf to a post of confidence aud dignity n t,J9 Royal Household He was or.o of Prince A.berf, gihies, and it was the Queen's husband who selected him as her Majesty's special attend,,, wi,. .1 , hor Highland pony and took her drives , the ne. 'h bourhood of her Highland homo. Ir. 1868 he w-w " Z nioso noted to be an upper servant, and my own Zr' sonalattendaut He has," her Majesty continues JZ pro- independence and elevaten t-KZ. 1 iues,"all the to the e- to oblige, and of a diser,ri., --i.. I(M,3 John Brown had m or very common order. No man in his pes "on eve" enjoyed so much, and with such iustic of S . . ot his superiors and ret ailed as completely as he did the . regard and the trust of hi. equals and inferior, Iw authority in the Royal Household was considerable, but it was used ,n a perfecly impartial manner. He never gave himself "airs," and never sought to push hima-l above th natural lovcl 0f his station. Titer are few who, submitting to a" ,u" process of elevation in a higher mxil ' dm. gratulate themselves on h leWt enmitie. ereuon, or m bonne SS ttu wttak In addition U w-

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