The Morning Post from London, Greater London, England on February 13, 1900 · 7
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The Morning Post from London, Greater London, England · 7

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Tuesday, February 13, 1900
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THE WAR. TUG EL A RETIREMENT. OFFICIAL REPORT. RECENT CASUALTIES. We are absolutely without news from the seat of war referring to any later date than Saturday morning. Such telegrams as have come refer to earlier vents which they explain. Mr. Prevost Batterbby, in a letter written at Capetown on the 2Jrd of January states that Lord Huberts would allow of no movement until the transport organisation should be complete. The importance of the statement is the inference which must be made that, when Lord Roberts permitted movements last week, the transport was all ready. The arrival of the Commander-in-Chief at M odder River was expected to be the signal for &cuu. It is possible that before beginning his move Lord Huberts may wish to hear Loid Methuen's report on the course of the campaign in his part of tin. theatre of war, as well as to consider, after seeing for himself the nature of the country, the arrangements for his first steps. This would account for a pause of two or three days. f Sir liedvers Buller's movements since the abandonment of Vaal Krautz and the withdrawal e uih of the Tugcla nothing has been reported. Tito Boers are said to have begun to move south frosn their position on the south bank at Mount luhlawe, and an attack on the British communications would be their natural move. As yet there is no report of any counter move by Sir liedvers Bullcr. But if the great difficulty of dealing with the Boers is their fortified positions any indication of an offensive on their part ought to bo the signal for a British counter stroke which could not then be met by more than hastily improvised defences. Mr. W. .S. Churchill, in a letter which we publish this morning, throws a new light on the ; causes of the immobility of the British force in Natal. The Army drags after it a huge train, of winch a large part is required to carry tents for the troops. In camps where a large force is intended to stay for sonic time, and which are accessible by railways, as at 1 rere or Modder River, it is no doubt wise to provide cauvas shelter for the men. But in a turning movement, such as that by Tri Jiard s Drift, rapidity of movement is essential, and it may be doubted whether any Army which 1ms net? carried tents has moved at a great pace. The Kubjcct is not one for dogmatism : the miction of tents or no tents has long been debated in all Armies, and the modern practice on the Continent, where thirty years ago tents were rejected as hindrances to mobility, has veered round in favour of some sort of shelter for the men. The modern Continental tent, however, is a portable afiair, and each man carries himself the st! in of canvas which forms his share of the common rvjof. i'hx ouesttun is to some extent one of climate, and in ' hv leceut rains the choice perhaps lay between iww movements and enteric fever. A general always has more things to think about tl.iu t he direction and purpose of his marches, and u is with overcoming the difficulties inherent in all movements of large bodies of troops that half the anxieties of every commander are concerned. But a protest against loo much comfort, coming from the Army in the field and from an experienced campaigner like Mr. Churchill, deserves consideration. It recalls a tradition of superfluous impediment in the held with which the British Army Ins in the past had to contend, and from which it- ln?st generals both in former times and in our own d;iy have usually liberated it. SPENSER WILKINSON. OFFICIAL DESPATCHES. We have received the following official despatches from the War Olfice and the Admiralty : BULLER'S REPORT. L-niu Ror.Eiirs to Secretary; of State for War. MODDER RIVER, Fee. 11, 12.55 p.m. I have received the following telegram from B-!ier, dated February 1) : I I was necessary, after seizing Vaal Krantz, to entrench it, as the pivot of further operations, but 1 found, after trying for two days, that owinu to the nature of the ground this was not practicable. It was also exposed to fire from heavy guns which t;red from positions by which our artillery was dominated. It is essential to troops advancing on Ladysmith by Hardin- or Monger s Drift to hold Vaal Krantz securely, and accordingly we are not pressing an advance by those roads, as I find we cannot make it 6ecure. OFFICERS AT PRETORIA. From General of Commfni ations, Cape, to the Secretary of J?tate for War. CAPETOWN, Feb. 1L A telegram received from Pretoria states that Major H. J. Seton. Ifiid Batt. Royal Irish Rifles, convalescent, and Major H. L. Welmau, L'nd Batt. Iw '.val Irish Rifles, doing well. MAC DON A LOS LOSSES. Ff. u the General of Co.mmlmcations, Cate-To N, to the Secretary of State for War. Casualties Koodoosberg February 7 : DEATHS FROM WOUNDS FEBRUARY 8. Captain C. Eykyn, '2nd Royal Highlanders. Pt. A. Purvis, L'od Batt. Seaforth Highlanders. WOUNDED. 1st HIGHLAND LIGHT INFANTRY. .vt. W. Keean, 442G Pt. J. Dobbs. 2m. BATT. SEAFORTH HIGHLANDERS. 8930 Vt- K- Clarke, 2ji0 Pt. G. M'Askill, 3(i'Jl Pt. Swan oa, o37t i't. k. Bradv, 170U Sgt. P. Munro. ROYAL HORSE GUARDS. 703 Pt. J. Covington. ON FEBRUARY 8. 3rd GRENADIER GUARDS. 4540 Pt. U. Simma. 2nd COLDSTREAM GUARDS. Pt. M. Dono-Luc, SU3G Pt. W. Fudge. Pt. from woun C. Short, lot York- and Lancaster R?t . died ' Is February 10 at Fr i TK. E. A. Dampier, Erabant'a Horse, previously porUd missing at Penhoek February 7, is killed. all' Tpr A" Bel1' th raSon Guards, was slightly ounded on February 2. following niuri of Hi-.tI.tt. 'o hi 5, .... o uuiac tuc -ported as missing from Penhoek February ; epon.f ki-! ,Trp'er (s;ncc ' T',r D- Betook. COLESBERG CASUALTIES. Feb. 11. Casualties Rensburg February 9 : KILLED. AUSTRALIAN MOUNTED INFANTRY. 00 Ft. M. Conway. WOUNDED. AUSTRALIAN MOUNTED INFANTRY. 100 Sgt. 0. Hensman, dangerously; 51 Tpr. L. Franc, severely ; '.)7 Tpr. G. Ansell, slightly ; 104 Tpr. V. Uird, fali-htlv. TASMANIAN CONTINGENT. 15 Pt. Victor Peers. MISSING. TASMANIAN CONTINGENT. 51 Laiice-C'oip. C. Hynes. :u Pt. A. Button. 53 Pt. C. lirothcrs. ":; Pt. Y. Sutton. 99 Pt. A. Gillham. !) Pt. M. H. Swan. 6530 Pt. C. Nelson, 1st Highland Lt. In., severely wounded wrist, February 10, at Koodoosberg. Information Las hen received that St. Linehan, 2nd Patt. Koyal Dublin Fusiliers, dieJ at Pretoria December i6, im OTHER LOSSES. CAPETOWN, Feb. 11. Following deaths have occurred : SSlH ii.vrrnnv FiEi.!t AuriLU-nv. :3183 Gnr. Thomas lever 1t Batt. North Lancashire Regt. 53GI Pt. Charles Henry ( j;;01 is H. Ohantler), at Orange River on February of pneumonia ; 'S)ij Pt. II. Stanley, at Wyuberg on lVbruary 10, of abscess on liver. 1st Bait. Scots tic Alms. 1D7 Pt. J. W. Thompson, at Wynberg, of gunshot wound, on February 10. 1st Batt. Minster Foilieks. b'.UG Lance-Corp. C. Crimes, at Orange Iliver on February 'J, of enteric fever. Recruit for Corps of Irregulars naineJ Thomas Usher accidentally killed on railway Matjesfontein, January 'M. LADYSMITH LIST. From tflk General of Communications, Natal, to the Secretary ok State for War. PIETEUMARITZBUKG. The following casualties are reported from Ladysmith : DEATHS FROM DISEASE, kc. VJxu HUSSARS. 401S Lance-Corp. S. S. Panther, died February 7. 40'Jo Pt. W. Andrews, died February o. 2su KING'S ROYAL RIFLE CORPS. SG7S Lance-Corp. W. Maskell, died February 7. &M4 pt. M. O Hearne, died February 8. 41-111 Col.-Sit. H. liuxall, died February 7 of wound received January C. 2nd BATT. RIFLE BRIGADE. 277 j Pt. J. Ward, died February 7. o!'7 Pt. J. Drinkwater, died February 7. o5ti3 Pg!r. P. Willis, died February 53:20 Pt. W. Llak'.r, died February 0. 1st BATT. MANCHESTER REGT. (? 4312) Corp. S. Harp, died February 8. 4017 Pt. J. E. Yates, died February 3. 1st ROYAL IRISH FUSILIERS. 4312 Corp. J. Kennedy, died February 3. 1st LIVERPOOL REGT. 5G71 Pt. H. Itilev. die! lVhrnar re 21st BATTERY ROYAL FIELD ARTILLERY. G4033Gnr. G. Lambert, died February 7. 10th MOUNTAIN BATTERY RL. ARTILLERY. 14704 Bomb. W. Rowe, died February 8. 67th BATTERY ROYAL FIELD ARTILLERY. 14GoG Gnr. R. Wooldridge, died February 8. 42nd BATTERY ROYAL FIELD ARTILLERY. 87775 Gnr. J. Wilson, died February 'J. NATAL CARBINEERS. Tpr. Cyril Charman, died February 9. WOUNDED. IMPERIAL LIGHT HORSE. 552 Tpr. F. F. Baldwin, slightly, February 6. 2m. BATT. RIFLE BRIGADE. 4GG5 Pt. W. Ingram, severely, February 7. 1st LEICESTER REGT. 53&tPt. E. Ashwell, severely, February 8. rt. Glaisger, l'.Kh Hussars, reported missing January 27, Las since been found. DEATHS IN NATAL, From the Commandant, Frere, to the Secretary of State for War. FRERE CAMP, Fer 11. G04!) Pt. J. Wingate, 3rd Batt. Kind's Rojal Rifle Corps, died of dysentery on February 11. 3034 Pt. S. Opensbaw, 2nd Batt. Lancashire Fusiliers, died of wounds on February 10. 32S7 Pt. J. White, 2nd Batt. Middlesex Rfgt., died of fever on February 10. From the General of Communications, Natal, to the Secretary of State for War. PIETERMARITZBURG, Feb. 11. 9399 Corp. E. Etheridge, 3rd King's Royal Rifle Corps, dbd of gunshot wound, right shoulder, on February U, Mooi River. 4233 Pt. Mason, 1st Batt. Rifle Brigade, died of dysentery on February U. TIIANSPORT ARRIVAL, The Secretary of the Admiralty announces that the transport Pets:i, with Cavalry remounts and Mounted Infantry horses, arrived at Capetown on Sunday. Captain Cecil Eykyn, of the 2nd Battalion of the Royal Highlanders, whose death is reported from Capetown as baring taken place at Koodoosberg on February 8, was in his thirty tbird year, and was serving in his flrst campaign. He was born on June 0, 1S07, and entered the Royal Highlanders from the Militia on July t, 1S89, became lieutenant on January 2'J, lS'JL and captain on November 30, 18JJS. WESTERN BORDER. THE HIGHLAND BRIGADE. FROM H. F. PREVOST BATTERSBY. Orit War Correspondent. MODDER RIVER, Feb. 11, 4.30 r.M. In consequence of accounts detracting from the gallantry of the Highland Brigade at Magersfontein, I am forwarding by post full particulars endorsed by the highest authority. These particulars completely explain all the movements and refute the statements which have been recklessly made. Feeling here is strong respecting irresponsible criticism passed by men who are imperfectly acquainted with the conditions and who viewed the action from a very different standpoint. The Highland Brigade has proved at Koodoes-berg the splendid material of which it is composed, and the Commander-in-Chief relies on its officers and men with absolute confidence. L Copyright in the United States of America. MACDONALD'S RETIREMENT. REUTERS TELEG RAM. MODDER RIVER, Feb. 11. Lord Methuen ordered the withdrawal of General MacDonalda force from Koodoesberg under instructions from headquarters. In the view of military men General MacDonald's move, which was only a reconnaissance, had a most excellent effect. SKIRMISH AT MODDER RIVER. reltees telegram.1 MODDER RIVER, Feb. 11. lesterday afternoon a party of Boer snipers kept up a warm fire on our pickets, killing one and wounding two mules attached to the Grenadiers' watercart. The Grenadiers advanced and drove the enemy back, killing one of their number. LORD ROBERTS'S ADDRESS. laffan'.s telegram. MODDER RIVER CAMP, Feb. 10, 4 p.m. Lord Roberts visited the camp of the Highland Brigade this morning, and addressed a brief speech to each battalion. He referred to his past associations with their regiments in India, where, he said, they helped to make him. He had never campaigned without Highlanders, and he would not like to be without them now. He was glad General r t- n i a a n r TT MacDonald had reported well of them. H e J recnIled now tlie Seaforths once made a long and j arduous march with him. They would have a 'shorter one now. he said, but it would not be a i "walk over." Nevertheless, he did not doubt ' t.. :. i,i i .,.. .1 in. - . i li v uuiu uc a BiHsratnw iiu. j The brigade gave three cheers for the Com-, mander-in-Chief and another for Lady Roberts. ! Lord Roberts, acknowledging the compliment, 1 said that Lady Roberts waa doin for them at THE MOBN1NG home what was perhaps better work than his, by helping the welfare of their wives and families. Before leaving Koodoesberg yesterday we buried the bodies of 14 Boers. The expedition prevented the projected attack of the Boers on our communications between here and Enslin. OPERATIONS IN NATAL. MAJOR DOVETONS CONDITION. LAKI'AX'S TELEGRAM. PIETERilAUlTZBCRG. Feb. 12. News has been received here from Ladysmith that Major Doveton, of the Imperial Light Horse, j is seriously ill. General White has obtained per-j mission from General Joubert for Mrs. Doveton to join her husband, and he has provided her with a ' permit to pass through the Boer lines. Mrs. Doveton left here last night. CAPE COLONY. INCIDENTS NEAR COLESBERG. relter's special service. RENSEURG, Feb. 11. A picket of five Victorian Rifles, after holding a ! post for some hours yesterday, was compelled to j retire. The Boers ot on to an adjacent hill and tired down on them. Three of the party were I slightly wounded, one man is missing, and the fifth escaped unscathed. The missing man dis- played conspicuous bravery, helping his com panions on to their horses before mounting himself. Of a patrol from Jasfontein under Captain Hamilton, consisting of eiht Tasmanians and eii;ht of French's Scouts, only two Tasmanians and three Scouts have returned to camp. The rest were captured. Of the captured men Bawtreeand Bosampuet were slightly wounded. Dawson was wounded, while Canning and Reid were unhurt. Goslett, from Slingersfontein, went out with a party to obtain supplies. They knocked at a farmhouse and, getting no answer, opened the door. The house was found to be full of Boers. All the party escaped in safety. Bainbie (? Lambie), one of the missing Australian Correspondents, was killed. The other, Hales, was slightly wounded and taken prisoner. Trooper Bosch, of French's Guides, distinguished himself to-day by taking two prisoners. He left Jasfontein with Jones and Christopherson to join the main body towards Slingersfontein. On their way they suddenly found themselves near a large number of Boers on a hill, and rode oft in all haste under tire. Bosch, who was some distance ahead, met a solitary Boer. The two men rode up to each other, each beini; under the impression that the other was a friend. When they discovered their mistake both raised their rifles. Bosch was the quicker, and dispossessing the Boer of his rifle took him prisoner. Shortly afterwards seven Boers came leisurely across the plain. The three scouts opened fire, and the seven Boers tied with the exception of one, who was only 30 yards off. He surrendered. The outpost at Jasfontein sent a mule cart to Modderfotitein. On its return it was captured, but the driver and two natives escaped. POSITION IN BASUTOLAND. RELTER'S SPECIAL SERVICE. MASERU, Feb. 10. Small-pox is spreading with rather alarming rajndity in the Berea district. It is particularly difficult to cope with at the present time, when everybody is disappointed with the slow progress of the war. The Government is securing large numbers of Basutoland horses for use in the Imperial transport service. Large quantities of wheat are being sold by natives. In Maseru the supply of provisions is running short, and the advance of prices is keenly felt. THE REPUBLICS. DR. LEYDS'S POSITION IN RUSSIA. FROM OUR CORRESPONDENT. ST. PETERSBURG, Feb. 12. Dr. Leyds has apparently abandoned at any rate for the present his intention of visiting St. Petersburg. It appears, indeed, that his agents here, at the head of whom is Mr. Gillot, the pastor of the local Dutch church, were by no means sanguine that such a visit would be productive of srood results. Dr. Leyds, it may be mentioned, is described in the official list of the Corps Diplomatique accredited to the Imperial Russian Court as Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the South African Republic, a somewhat remarkable designation for the representative of a State whose claims to sovereign independence Great Britain has alway refused to recognise. The appearance of Dr. Lej'ds's name in the official list of the Corps Diplomatique has always occasioned a certain amount of comment in St. Petersburg owintj to the fact that Dr. Leyds has himself never visited the Russian capital to present in person, in accordance with diplomatic usage, his credentials to the Emperor. Inl898, byspecialfavour of the Russian Foreign Office, he was permitted te send his credentials by his secretary, Mr. Van dcr Hoeven, an ex-clerk from the Government offices in Pretoria. At the present time Dr. Leyds ranks twelfth in the list of the nineteen Ministers accedited on behalf of the minor Powers to the Russian Court, and as a Minister would presumably during any temporary absence of the British Ambassador take precedence of a British Charge d'Atfaires on any official occasion. A proof of the activity in Russia of Dr. Leyds and his friends at the present time is furnished by the recent publication in the important Moscow paper the Jilonc'irskiia Vicdvmosli of certain extracts from the German Press with the intimation that these extracts, which contain a series of the vilest charges against British officers and soldiers in South Africa, are published "at the request of Dr. Leyds," conveyed through Mr. Gillot. These charges have been emphatically denied by the German Consul in ZSatal, and that denial has been duly published in many of the German papers. Dr. Leyds and Mr. Gillot, however, apparently consider it consistent with their respective positions as the representative of a so-called civilised Power and a clergyman of the Dutch church to spread broadcast these calumnies, which are unsupported by a shadow of evidence. HOLLANDER "SLIMXESS." laffan's telegram. NEW YORK, Feb. 12. Some immigrants who have just arrived at Halifax, N.S., from Rotterdam, say that they were approached at that port by a Boer agent who offered each of them a bouuty of 200 roubles if they would enlist to serve in the Army of the South African Republics. One of the men took the bounty but eluded the aent and sailed for America. FOREIGN OPINION. SPANISH COMMENT. FROM OCR CORRESPONDENT. MADRID, Feb. 12. The Epoca, in commenting on the comparison which has been made in some quarters on the Continent between the Transvaal War and the campaign in Cuba, denies that the deduction drawn in such quarters that the Boers are certain to be victorious is in any way justifled. Spain, ii says, did not lose Cuba merely because her Treasury was exhausted, nor because her 200,000 soldiers were incapable of overcoming 20,000 insurgents, but she had to relinquish the island on account of the constant hostility of the nitea estates, a country far stronger than Spain and only some seven hours' journey distant from Cuba. If, the Epocfi adds, the war is to continue, an event which it would greatly regret, the forces Continued on Page M POST, TUESDAY, FEBKUAKY IB 1900. THE GERMAN REICHSTAG. DEBATE ON SAMOA KECTEB'S TELEGRAM. BERLIN, Feb. 12. Count VOn BiilOW tO-day made a Speech in the Reichstag in reference to the recently concluded treaties on the subject of Samoa, Tonga, and Zanzibar. Addressin' the House the Foreign Secretary said : j 1 have the honour to submit to tne approval of your j honourable House the draft of a law whereby we are , authorised to abrogate the treaties of friendship with I Tonga of lS7t, and with Samoa of 1S79, anil also certain clauses of the treaty of friendship, commerce, and navi-I gation with Zanzibar of lSS'i, either wholly or in part, i As you ar aware, the conditions of ownership in the , hitherto neutral islands of Samoa and Tonga have been rr-vised by the Anulo-German agreement of November 14, J and tbeGerman-Anglo-American aijrtementof Decem-i ber 2 of that year, with the result that the Germans have received the two islands of Upolu and Sawaii, Great Britain the Tonga Islands and Savage Island, and the United States the island of Tutuila. So far as Tutuila is concerned we have never contested the American claims to that island, where the United States have possessed a right of port and of settlement since 1878, and where years ago they began making for themselves the harbour of Tago Pago. Upolu and Sawaii could not he separated, for the two islands formed an economic whole. On the other hand, a separation between Upolu and Sawaii on the one part and Tutuila on the other is perfectly feasible. This separation was in my mind when a year ago, in the Budget Committee I Bpoke of a clean severance ' in Samoa as the aim which I had in view. I hare pleasure in stating that the Americans have not hindered but rather furthered this clean severance. AVe hope that the relations between Germany and the United States in Samoa will be friendly, even as the relation between the German and American Commissioners on the Samoa Commission have been thoroughly friendly. I should like also to mention that there is not a single German in Tutuila, and that the only German subject lives on the small adjacent island of Manua. Our relation to the Tonga Islands has always been a very indefinite one, despite the Treaty of Friendship of 187G. We possessed the right to establish a coaling station there, but for 23 years did not assert that right. Our economic relations with the Tonga Islands have been constantly on the decline. German trade in 1897 was to British commerce there in the proportion of one to three, and German maritime trade was in the ratio of one to thirty as compared with British. In these circumstances we have given up no substantial interests in the Tonga Islands, renouncing only our light to protest against a British occupation." Cession's to Great Britain. " It was obvious from the first that from the standpoint of practical politics we should have to compensate Great Britain in some way for her rights in Samoa, which were formally as well founded as our own. We have, therefore, ceded to Great Britain the Solomon Islands lying to the east and south-east of Bougainville. We keep our principal island Bougainville and the island of Buka, which projects from it. In these two islands there is the possibility of future colonisation. Some German trading settlements already exist at Bougainville, and there is a good harbour at Buka. The islands of Choiseul and Szabel, which we have given up, could not be opened up at all. They have no especially favourable maritime position, and the chief interest in the islands is the right to hire labourers there. This right we have expressly retained in our Agreement with Great Britain. As regards the partition of the neutral zone in Togoland, it had become an absolute necessity to have a settlement of affairs in the hinterland of Togo if a perfectly insupportable state of things was not gradually to arrive there. "We leave the western part of the neutral zone with Salaga to Great Britain. The importance of Sala?a as a commercial centre has greatly diminished during the last few years. AVe obtain Yecdi and Chakosi, and we shall command in the future an important trade route which runs from Yondi to Mauau. In the yearly report of the Hamburg Chamber of Commerce of 18U9 there is the following reference to the partition of the neutral zone : The partition of hitherto neutral territory between Togo and the British Gold Coast Colony has established security in affairs there which is more valuable than the possession of a few square miles more or less.' I should like to express my concurrence in this view, and to add that we keep that very part of the neutral zone which best serves ourpurpose, which is the most convenient for us, and which also olfers us the best economic prospects." German Riguts in Zanzibar. " Concerning our extra-territorial tight inZanzibar.it had actually become a shell without the kernel, and even this empty shell was ours only until 1002. But we have expressly stipulated that we only surrender our extraterritorial rights in Zanzibar when the other Powers to whom the same right belongs have done the same. Furthermore, we have concluded a special Agreement with Great Britain and America, providing that all claims to compensation winch may be raised m consequence of last jears troubles in Samoa (the German claims are estimated at almost 400,000 marks) shall be submitted to an impartial Court of Arbitration. This agreement is at present before the American Senate. -It it proposal mat the King ot Jsweden shall be arbitrator. I think we may anticipate that bis decision will be in accord ance with the principles of fairness and justice. Wo thus receive the two islands of Upolu and Sawaii. The economic value of these islands is considerable to us. German colonisation and trade have existed there for a long time, anu tne major part ot the islands is in German bands. I hope that the economic value of the islands will advance still further under German rule. to the auvantage ot our countrymen there, who have by long aud often arduous labour gained for themselves the position on wiiich we havo leaned to secure these islands finally for Germany ; to the advantage also of the Samoans themselves, whom we desire to rule with firmness and a sure hand but without needless harshness, which wouia he out ot place with people like the Samoans. The maritime importance of these islands is also considerable to our trade and shipping, not only with Polynesia but with the whole west coast of America. This maritime value will probably largely increase, and within a measurable time, as soon as direct communication is established between the Pacific Ocean anu tue Atlantic. The highest value which I attach to Samoa is its worth to German sentiment and German amour-propre. It is, I admit, possible that the sentimental value which wa Germans attach to Samoa is greater than the considerable material value which, as a matter of fact, these islands possess. But a great deal of German blood has been shed in Samoa. Then, again, the acquisition of Samoa had become for us a question of prestige and national dignity. I hope and believe that the acquisition of the islands will prove advantageous to our colonial, economic, and maritime interests, but at the same time I think that the treaties concluded are satisfactory to an parties concerned. In conducting the negotiations I did not make it my object to overreach the other Powers. That is not our manner of dealing. I rather endeavoured to see that we should not ourselves be outdone, and directed my efforts to seizing the proper moment for concluding the treaties. I should be specially grateful to the House if it would give its approval to the treaties concluded by us, which are the fruit of long and tedious negotiations, and would enable us to proceed to their ratification as soon as possible and to let them finally come into force." (Cheers.) Herr Hasse (National Liberal) raised some constitutional objections against the Bill, and said that it would be best to make Samoa subject to the Imperial Naval Department, a similar arrangement in the case of Kiao Chau having proved satisfactory. Baron von Richthofen, Under Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, subsequently announced that a supplementary estimate for Samoa would be submitted at an early date. The Bill was then passed on first and second reading. THE BUBONIC PLAGUE. FROM OUR CORRESPONDENT. MADRID, Feb. 12. A traveller who has recently arrived at Ponte-vedra from Brazil has developed serious symptoms of bubonic plague. He is being carefully isolated, and every precaution is being taken to prevent a spread of the disease. THE CHINESE THRONE. rectkr's telegrams. PEKIX, Feb. 12. The Tsung-li-Yamen has notified the foreign Legations that the Emperor will receive the Foreign Ministers at the customary audience on the 10th instant. Last year no audience was held owing to the Emperor's ill-health. This notification is regarded as important at the present iunctnrfi as inrlioaMnrr a desire to produce a reassuring effect after recent events. PARIS, Feb. 12. The F'ujcro states that the Pope has charged Consignor Favier, the Bishop of Pekin, to present a very valuable porcelain vase to the Dowager Empress of China as a token of his Holiness's appreciation of the decree officially recognising the Roman Catholic religion in China. Our Nice Correspondent telegraphs that Sir Charles Rivers Wilson, while travelling on the Paris, Lyons, and Mediterranean Railway on the way to Bor-chshera on Sunday, was robbed in the train of nearly 230. The Nloe and Monte Carlo Folic ara ia natch of the thUvc THE POWER OF THE MAFFIA. FROM OCR CORRESPONDENT. ROME, Feb. 10. Tlir 7V.7.nVi nf Rnmn nnd tit. C.-ri.u:' iMln S,u;L rf MMnn Tmhlkh the, f,.limvi'ri.r Nilprrr.-mi from Palermo: "A vmt sprinna nnnnmni Imm tfLn n'nec in the I Commune" of Siculians, Province of cjirgenti. Whiles wealthy landowner named Vinccnzo Scaramuzza was ,. k.. i.i servantt ',e wa3 attacked by several ruffians who, after having killed his pony and shot dead the servant, enrried off the landowner. This is the fourth time that an attempt has been made to kidnap Scaramuzza, who, it is feared, may not have survived the present shock, since he suffers from heart disease. Policemen and Carabineers, with an inspector and an examining magistrate, have one to Siculiana. Up to the present, however, everything is wrapped in mystery." Those who deny that a Sicilian question exists, or that the Maflia has any special power, find it rather difficult to explain away deeds like this, lt will he instructive to watch and see whether the efforts of the police and of the examining magistrate will be sufficient to dispel the " mystery " in which this, like most Sicilian crimes, is wrapt. Possibly in the present instance something may be done, for I understand on good authority that since the revelations connected with the Notarbar-tolo case the police service in Sicily has been more strictly performed, and both the local and the central authorities have been doing their best to give no quarter to the Maflia. Half the difficulty in dealing with Sicilian crimes would disappear if the Matliusi and ruffians, high and low, could be made to feel that no amount of political protection could save them from the consequences of their deeds. With regard to this point I have recently received from.inauthoritative quarter, where the tetroscena of the struggle against the Maffia is thoroughly known, information of the most reassuring description. The Government is determined to go quietly on punishing all the persons directly or indirectly concerned in misdeeds brought to its notice, and caring nothing whether the culprits belong to the higher or lower classes of society, and whether they possess political influence or not. Violent action will be avoided, because it is felt that a violent blow badly struck is likely to do more harm than good, but the weight of the Government will make itself constantly, quietly, and steadily felt whenever opportunities arise. The one satisfactory thing of which I have recently been able to convince myself is that notwithstanding any ill-expressed ideas in the course of the recent debate in the Senate, the Government is not in the least afraid of the Maflia, and is determined to fight it in season and out of season. This should bo good news for all honest Sicilians. They may rest assured that any efforts they may sincerely make to strengthen the hands of the local ami central authorities will meet with a quick and sympathetic response from headquarters. THE GERMAN EMPEROR. REL'TEU's telegram. BERLIN, Feb. 12. The Berliner Neueste Xarhrichten confirms today the statement of the HfUlescke Zeihing that the Emperor William had signified to Duke Johann Albrecht of Mecklenburg his Majesty's disapproval of the Duke's conduct in granting an interview on political matters the war in South Africa to a representative of the Paris Eclair. PRINCE HENRY OF PRUSSIA. FROM OUR CORRESFOXPEXT- BERLIN, Feb. 12. The German Press comments in warm terms on the significance of Prince Henry's visit to Vienna. Various events that have characterised the Far Eastern situation since his Royal Highness departed two years ago for China, carrying with him the blessing of his Emperor and of Prince Bismarck, form also the subject for enthusiastic reviews. The good wishes of Prince Bismarck for a "bon voyage, much success and happy home-coming," havo been fulfilled, observes the iW, in the richest measure for Prince Henry, who returns home with the reputation, which Frederick the Great regarded as not the least desirable, of having in the midst of peace conquered a province. His Royal Highness, on his arrival in Berlin tomorrow morning, will bo met at Anhalt station by the Emperor, a uard of honour from the Emperor Alexander Regiment, Princes of the Royal House of Prussia, and the Headquarters Staff. Adjutant-generals and generals a la suite, and all naval officers in Berlin city will be decorated in honour of Prince Henry's home-coming, which it is expected will be employed politically to promote the prospects of the new Navy Bill, just as his departure two years ago was made to serve the purposes of the Navy Bill that it is now the wish of the Government to supersede. reuter's telegeam. VIENNA, Feb. 13. Prince Henry of Prussia left here at 9.o0 this evening for Berlin. His leave-taking of the Emperor Francis Joseph was extremely cordial. THE SUEZ CANAL. FROM OUR CORRESPONDENT. BERLIN, Feb. 12. A St. Petersburg telegram to the Npnmte Xorh-richtcn declares that the suggestions of the French Press to employ the present situation for the purpose of securing the neutralisation of the Suez Canal do not accord with the intentions of the Russian Government, which has no desire to open up a discussion and question that would lead to serious conflicts of opinion without bearin practical result. any THE DISTRESS IN INDIA. The Secretary of State for India has received the following telegram from the Viceroy on the subject of the famine : "Standing crops improved by recent rain in North-Western Provinces and Jubbulpur Division, Central Provinces. Elsewhere in Central Provinces yield of crops very poor, and scarcity of fodder and water increasing daily. " In Central Provinces the decline in the number of persons demanding relief is due in part to harvest and partly to closer supervision. In Punjab cattle where not dying are weak and starved ; irrigated crops are good to fair, but uuirrigated crops the worst for years. " Distress is steadily on the increase in Bombay, Rajputana, and parts Central India. Harvest poor in Madras Deccau, and test famine relief work proposed for one district. " Numberof persons in receipt of relief : Bombay 950,000: Puujaub, 178,000: Central Provinces, 1,441,000; Berar, 286,000; Ajmer-Merwara, 107,000 ; Rajputana States, 337,000 ; Central India States, 83,000 : Bombay Native States, 333,000 ; Baroda, 03,000 ; North-Western Provinces, 3,000 ; Punjaub Native States, 3,000 total. 3,784,000." Tue Mansion House Ftsu. Last night the Lord Mayor's Fund for the Indian Famine sufferers exceeded 27,000. The donors yesterday included : Colonel Raymond S. Paley, 1,000 : Mr. Robert Gordon, 1,000; Messrs. Coutts and Co., 500: Mrs. R. W. Barbour, j0 ; Mr. Lionel Lucas, 100; J. F.. 100 ; Mrs. Evans, 300 : the Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, 210 ; Mr. Isaac Hoyle, 250 ; Messrs. John Swire and Sons, 100 ; the Chartered Bank of Iudia, Australia, and China, 210 ; Mr. Alfred Hosling, 100 ; the Head Master and Masters on the staff of Clifton College, 263 lis. Gd.; the National Bank of India, 210 ; Mr. C. G. Master, 10 : Mr. A. M. Tapps, 10 10s.; Mr. P. S. Melvill, 10; Mr. Thomas Smith 10 10s.; Mr. John Hopgood, 10 10s.; Mr. Cecil F. Parr, 10 ; Mr. W. Cotesworth, 10 : Mr. Charles Burt, 21 '; Major Philip Quirk, 10 10s.; Mr. Godfrey Wedgwood,' 25; Mr. W. Brittain Jones, 25; Mr. Frederick Youle, 20 i Mr. W. B. Barchard, 10; Mr. W. Wainwri.'ht, 10; Mr. C. L. Christian, 20 ; Mrs. and the Misses C, 25; Mrs.' Elizabeth E.Nunn, 10 10s.; Mr. A. F. Govett,2l ; S. S. D.t 21 ; Sir Kenelm Digby, K.C.B., 20; Mr. Warrington! Q.C., 20; Mr. Hugh M. Macpherson, 10 10s.; Colonel F. A. Lucas, 50 ; Mr. F. S. Hay, 10 : Mr. W. L. Mercer, 10; Mrs. Ramsay L'Amy, 10; Major-General H. f' Robison and Wife, 40 ; Mr. E. W. Cresswell, 10 10s Mr. Monk, M.P., 10 10s.; Colonel Povah, 10 ; Mr L S Belli, 10 10s.; Mr. H. Fitzherbert Wright, 10 10s.; Mis C. Hardy. 10 ; Messrs. A. and W. Nebitt. 2o 5s MissMarston 25; Mr. Peter Rcid, 21 ; and Mrs R H Truell, 10 10s. Messrs. Coutts and Co. have kindly consented to receive donations at their bank in the Strand in aid of the fund. Our Pans Correspondent telegraphs that the Empress Eugenie is still at the Continental Hotel, Paris being prevented from leaving for Cap Martin by a violent attack of influenza. Signor Ouorato Vi-liani, Minister of State, who acted as umpire in the Anglo-Portuguese question regarding the Manwa Plateau in South Africa. .t vr I iJ. I. wtsuw OSBORNE. Mo N dat. The Qneeu and her Royal Highness Princess Henry of l'.lf olltai-.T .Irn.a mi f ..uf.P;lir oftnrnnnn ltf.ni!ll V .. I7 ; the Hon. Sylvia L.iwanle. Mr.--. Farnham had the honour of dining with her Majesty and the Royal Familv last evening. The Queen wi nt out this morning, accompanied by her Roval Hishness Princess Henrv of Battenben; and her Highness Princess Victoria of Schleswis-IIol3tuiu. THE rRTXCE AND FMI$'CE&S OF WALES. MARLBOROUGH HOUSE. Mondat. Tiie Trince and Princess of Wales, accompanied hy PiincctiS Victoria and Princess Charles of Denmark, arrived at Marlborough House to-day from Sandrinham. Miss Knollj-s, Colonel Sir Nigel Kingscote, and Sir F. K'.iollys were in attendance. The Prince ot Wales went to the nouse of Lords this afternoon. Prince Charles of Denmark arrived at Marlborough House this morning from Copenhagen. ARLAXGEMESTS FOR THIS DAY. House of Lords No Public Bills or Notices, 4.15. House of Commons Resumed Debate on the Oovrn- I ment s Military Proposals in Committee of Supply, '.. Entertainment at Her Majesty's Theatre on behalf of the AYidows and Orphans of her Majesty's Household j Troops. Miss Kdith Ashby's Grand Afternoon Concert, ii aid of the Fund for Widows and Families of the King's lloyal Uillea and Ritle Brigade, the Crown Room, Holboru Restaurant, 3.3Q. Salters' Company Dinner, f.0. Royal Colonial Institute Dinner at the Whitehall Rooms, (.15 ; Meeting, Mr. Everard F. im Thuru on "British Guiana and its Boundary," 8. Royal Horticultural Society's Fruit and Flower Show in the Drill Hall, Jamei-strcet, Westminster, I to 4 ; Annual Meeting, 3. Lancashire (Rossendalo Division) Election Polling. The Primrose League Meetings at Dover, Daveutrv, and Wragby. Mid-Armagh Division Election Declaration of the poll. Imperial South African Association Meetings at Newport (Mon.) and Uornton. Mr. M. Campbell Johnston, of the United Club, will speak at .St. Olave's, Southward. National Education Association Annual Meeting, National Liberal Club, 2.30. Hunters' Improvement Society Council Meeting, 12, Hanover-srjuare, 2.'50. Farringdon Dispensary Annual Meeting of Governors, 17, Rartlctt'a-buildings, Holborn-circus, 4.3l. Tarents' Educational Union Mrs. Mirley Fletcher At Home, Harley-struet, S to 11 : Dr. Schorstein on "Over-pressure," U. Gresham College Professor W. H. Wagstaff delivers the First Lecture of a Course ou " The Calendar and its Makera," G. Scientific ami L?arned Societies Royal Institution, 3 ; Royal Asiatic Society, 4 ; Society of Biblical Archmo-lo;y, 4.30 ; Royal Photographic Society (annual), S ; Institution of Civil Engineer.", 8 ; Childhood Society, ii ; Anthropological Institute, 8. NOTICE. Sale at D'ckins and Jones', Regent-street, reduced in price. Everything The following guests arrived yesterday at the Castle, Dublin, on a visit to the Lord Lieutenant and Countess Cadogan : The Countess of Fincall, Countess Annesley, the Earl and Countess of Listowel, Viscountess Marshara, Lady Kathleen Cole, Sir Maurice andJLady FitzGerald, Colonel the Hon. C. Crichton and Miss CVichton, Captain and Mrs. Greer, Miss Farquharson, Colonel M'Calmont, M.P., and Mrs. Hurley. Lady Alfred Churchill has been very ill at the South Kensington Hotel with severe influenza, but is going on well, and hopes to be able to leave for the South of France in a few week?. Mr. Gerald Balfour was stated last night to be going on well. Mr. Wyvill, M.P., Mrs. Wyvill, and the Misses Wjvill have arrived at 72, Quetn's-gate for the season. Mr. and Mrs. William Tayleur returned to England yesterday by the 1. and O. steamer Australia. A marriage has been arranged, and will take place after Easter, between the Hon. Walter Boyle, son of the late Earl of Shannon and of Julia Countess of Shannon, aud Ethel Uoratia, second daughter of Mr. and Lady Victoria Rowe, of Thorncombe, Guildfonu The marriage will take place on the 21st of April of Captain George Wyndham Chichester Knatchbull, Indian Staff Corps, eldest son of tha late Lieutenant-General R. E. Knatchbull, R.A., ami Constance, second daughter of Alexander Marsden, M.D., F.R.C.S.E., Consulting Surgeon to the Royal Free and Cancer Hospitals, London. The marriage arranged between Lieutenant B. (). Roe, B.S.C., second son of Sir Charles Roe, of Holywell, Oxford, late Chief Justice of the Punjaub, and Alice, eldest daughter of the late Edward Caatleman, of Chettle, Blandford, Dorset, and of Mrs. Castleman, wiiltakc place in Bombay in April. A marriage has been arranged, to take place shortly, between Mr. Charles If. C. D:i Cane, of Bra.xted Paik, Essex, and Miss Dorothy Coulson, daughter of Colonel W. H. B. and Mrs. Coulson, of Newbrough Park, Fourstones-on-Tyne, Northumberland. A marriage has heen arranged, and will shortly take place, between Falconer L. Wallace, only sou of Alexander F. Wallace, of 20, Hyde-park-gardens, and Kathleen Annie (Kittie), eldest daughter of Rear-Admiral Arthur C. U. Paget, 4, Su.sex-place, Southsea. At the Catholic Church of St. Mary, Cadogan- ; street, Clielsea, yesterday morning a Rtq-iiem Mass was celebrated for tua repose ot the soul of the lato Lieutenant-Colonel Don Jose Rivera Lopez, Militarv Attache tc the Spanish Embassy in London. The coffin was draped with the Spanish flag, and had on it the plumed cap, sword, and decorations cf Lieutenant-Colonel Lopez, while choice wreaths hung about the catafalque, the most ornate having been sent by the Spanish Ambassador, who was present, attended by Don Pedro Jovery Tcvar, first secretary ; Don Felix Varquez de Zafra, attache : and Don J. Perez del Fulgar, hon. attache. The Countess Casa Valencia, wife of tho late Ambassador ; Mr. and Mrs. Schroder, Mr. Torras Rivas, secretary to the Mexican Lagation, and Mr. Ramarez, were among the personal friends of the Count who assembled at the church. Commodore Warleta, Chief of the Spanish Royal Naval Commission, was also present. Major-General Trotter Commanding the Home District, and Captain G. D.White, A.D.C., represented thfl War Office. Father Davies chanted the Ritual, and the Bishop of Emmaus pronounced the Absolution. A detachment of the Scots Guards and the Grenadier Guards escorted the coffin on a guu carriage to St. Mary's Catholic Cemetery, Kensal-green, where the interment subsequently took place. The State Apartments at Windsor Castle will be closed on and after to-day. Her Royal Highness Princess Christian has consented to open the garden festival and sale to ba held in aid of the Orphanage at St. John's Home, Clewer, on May 2'J, oQ, and 31. The Grosvenor Club, Bond-street, give an afternoon At Home on Thursday, the 22nd inst.. at frmr o'clock. Miss Alice Simmons, a new Australian opeiatic soprano, will make hn first appearance, also Mr. Marri Moucrieff, Mr. Frank Boor, and Mr. Mervyu Deue. Bocchi s Sextet will play. Among those who attended the Dudley Gallery ; private view on Saturday afternoon were the Earl of ; Strafford, the Countess of Daruley and Lady Alice j Bligh, the Ladies Boyle, Lady Hutt, Lady Collins, ! Lady Campbell, Lady White Cooper, Sir George and Lady Dallas, Amy Lady Coleridge, Lady Lysons, Colonel and Mrs. Tufuell, Admiral and Mrs. Fen-wick, the Archdeacon of London, Mr. and Mrs. Hope Wallace, Lady Coutts Trotter, Mrs. Makfdll Crichton, Lady j Powell, Sir Eustace Piers and Miss Piers, Lady Hope, Mr. and Mrs. Farquhar, General Anderson, Lord and Lady Georae Campbell, Lady de Gex, Mr. and Lady Helen Clif- ford Mellor, Lady Harriet Lindsay, and Lady Vavasour. Among the latest contributions to the Prince of Wales's Hospital Fund for London aro the following Annual subscriptions : Mr. John Aird.M.P., 105 ; Messrs. John Aird and Sons 105 ; Mr. Samuel Lewis 105; Mrs. Aird 25 ; Mr. Edward Weatherby 20. Donation : Messrs. Crosse and Black well 105. Eor the Morning Fust Embankment Home we have received 10s. from F, D. Tfto Church Army officials acknowledge gifts of clothes from Mrs. A. G. Scorer, Mrs. Ramsay, Mr. G. E. Harver, and several anonymous donors. The Chinese Minister at Glasgow. The Chinese Minister, visiting Glasgow Exchange yesterday, said he hail imposed on himself the enormous task of becoming acquainted with the most representative industries of the United Kingdom, with the object of improving the international and commercial relations betweeu one of the most powerful Empires in the West and one of the most populous and ancient Empires in the East. British merchant thought they had almost exhausted the study of Chinese requirements, but they had scarcely touched the fringe. His definition of modern civilisation was a multiplication of our wants and the means of supplying them Buyers had to know what they wanted, and sellers had to show what they had to sell. In China thev hard i, i .yuuwwuasweynMtosell. In China they hardly knew Glasgow. They wanted to know v,-. u ; . WAR LETTERS FROM OUR SPECIAL CORRESPONDENTS. THE DASH FOR POTGIETER'S FERRY WRITTEN DV W. S. CHURCHILL. CAMP, SPEARMAN' S HILL, Jan. 13. Secrets usually leak out m a camp, no matte j how many people aro employed to keep them. For j tw0 fays before the 10th of January rumours of an impending move circulated freely. There are, moreover, certain siijns by which anyone who is acquainted with the under machinery of an Army can tell when operations are imminent. On the tith we heard that orders had been given to clear the Pictermariuhurg hospitals of all patients, evidently because new inmates were expected. o tho 7th it was reported that the hospitals were all clear. On the Sth an ambulance tram emptied the held hospitals at Frere, and that same evening there arrived seven hundred civilian .stretcher-bearers brave men who had volunteered to cany wounded under lire, and whom tho Army somewhat ungratefully nicknames "The Body Snatchcrs." Nor were these grim preparations the only indications of approachiug activity. The commissariat tedd tales of accumulations of supplies -twenty days' packed in waggons of the collection of transport oxen and other details, meaningless by themselves, but full of significance when viewed side by side with other circumstances. Accordingly I wad scarcely surprised when, chancing to rnlo from Chieveley to Frere on the afternoon of the 10th, discovered the whole of Sir Charles Warren's Division added to the already extensive camp. This was the first move of the complic aed operations by which Sir Red vers Duller designed to seize the passage of the Tugela at Potieter s Ferry ; Warren (seven battalions, comprising Coke's and Woodgate's Brigades and live batteries) from court to Frere. When I got back to Chieveley .ill was bustle in the camp. ( rders to inarch at dawn had arrived. At last the long pause was finished, waiting was over, action had begun. The CitiEVELEY Programme. So far as Chieveley was concerned the following was the programme : Barton's Brigade to entrench it.elf strongly and to remain before Colonso covering the head of tho line of communications ; Hild-yard's Brigade to move westward at daylight on tho 11th to Pretorius's Farm ; Cavalry, guns, and ba;gae (miles of it) to tako a more circuitous route to the same place. Thither also Hart was to move from Frere, joining Hildyard and forming Clery's Division. Warren was to rest until tha next day. The force for tho relief of Ladysmith,, exclusive of Barton s Brigade and communication troops, was organised as follows : Commander-in Chief : Sir Hkdvkus ItautRR. Cleiu's Division, consisting of Hildyard's Brigade, Hart's Brigade, 1 Squadron 13th Hussars, 3 Batteries, R.E. Wakkkn's Divimox, consisting of Lyttelton's Brigade, AVoodj;ate's Brigade, 1 Squadron 10th Hussar, ;! liatteries, R. E. Corps Troops. Coke's Brigade (3 battalions), 1 Field Battery R.A., 1 Howitzer Battery R.A., 2 4 "7 Naval -juns and Naval Brigade, 8 long range Naval 12-pr. guns, 1 Squadron 13th Hussars, R.E., &c. Cat AIR'S (DisnoNAi.n). 1st Royal Dragoons. 14th Ilus?ars. 4 Squadrons South African Liht Horic. 1 Squadron Imperial Light Horse. Bethane's Mounted Infantry. Thorney croft's Mounted Infantry. 1 Squadron Natal Carbineers. 1 Squadron Natal Tolice. 1 Company K.R.R. Mounted Infantry. Six machine guns. Or, to sum tho whole up briefly, 10,000 Infantry. 3,009 Cavalry, and CO guns. ' Tub March From Cami-. All were busy with their various tasks Barton's Brigade entrenching, making redoubts and shelter pits, or block-houses of railway iron ; the other brigades packing up ready for the march as Htgbti closed in. In the morning wo started. The Cavalry were responsiblo for the safety of the kapW1" convoy, and with Colonel liyng, who commanded the column, I waited and watched the almost interminable procession defile. Ox waggons piled high with all kinds of packages, and drawn sometimes by ten or twelve pairs of oxen, mule waggons, Scots carts, ambulance waggons with huge Red Cross Hags, ammunition carts, artillery, slaughter cattle, and, last of all, rho Naval Battery, with its two enormous 4 7 pieces, dragged by long strings of animals, and guarded by straw-hatted khaki-eiad bluejackets, passed in imposing array, with here and there a troop of Cavalry to protect them or to prevent straggling. And here let me make an unpleasant, digression. The vast amount of baggage this Aimy takes with it on the inarch hampers its movements and utterly precludes all possibility of surprising the enemy. I have never before seen even oltieera accommodated with tents fin service, though both the Indian Frontier and tho .Soudan lie under a hotter than the South African sun. But here ro-day, within striking distance of a mobile enemy whom we wished to circumvent, every private, soldier has canvas shelter, and the other arrange-ments are on an equally elaborate scale. The con-sectience is that roads are crowded, drifts are blocked, marching troops aro delayed, and all rapidity of movement is out of the question. Meanwhile, the enemy completes the fort iticat ion of his positions, and the cost of capturing them rises. It is a poor economy to let a soldier live well for three days at the price of killing him on the fourth. With the Mocstkd Fom i:. We marched off with the rear guard at last, and the column twisted away among the hills towards tho west. After marching about three miles we reached the point where the track from b rere joined the track from Chieveley, and Iieretw.. streams of waggons tlowed into one another likethe confluence of river. Shortly after this all th mounted forces with the baggage were directed to concentrate at the head of the- column, and, leaviug tho tardy waggons to toil alon-at their own pace, we trotted swiftly f,,r7 ward. Pretorius's Farm was reached at noon a tin-roofed house, a few sheds, a d.,.o tree?, and an artificial pond rilled to the brim Uy the recent rains. Here drawn ui in the spacious plain were the Royal Dragoons, distinguished from the Colonial Corps by the hristlo of lances bare of pennons above their ranks and by their great horses, one squadron of the already famous Imperial Light Horse, and Bethune's Mounted Infantry, lhe Dragoons remained at the farm, which was that night to be the camping place of Clery's Division. But all the rest of the mounted forces, aboub a thousand men, and a battery of artillery wero hurried forward to seize the bridge across the Little lugela at Springfield. So on we ride, "trot and walk," lightly and easily over the good turf, and winding in scattered practical formations among the beautiful verdant hills of Natal. Presently we topped a ridge and entered a very extensive basin of eountry-u hu-e circular valley of green grass with sloping bills apparently on all sides and towards the west bluffs rising range above range, to the brightly purple wall of the Drakensbergs. Other valleys opened out from this, some half-veiled in thin mist, others . mo which the sun was shinin,, n,i :.V blue Ught so that one seemed". looknig dIZ hi i?P and wyne rejoiced the splendours of the delicious landscape. Approaching Springfield. But now we approached Springfield, and perhaos at Springheld wo should find the enemy TuS if they did not oppose the passage they would blow P. the bridge. Tiny petrole-beetles on Xtl JS ffrl,et-3Cour the plain, and before we reached the crease scared v T-!vV- ... !ore.,w. distance, in M tho IMi a flooded rivu K.ik;n,i .1 u , . ""'-"W". xucv don't L- v....,: 8prirfWd-thr Tn.f T T we co "My to wooden bridge SS! -hnlf-a-dozen farms, with the a cost of and tree clumps seen in thL Z , tm roofs t WU'I seen in the neighbourhood j their tin rm.fn Cormi2ht in the United State of America.

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